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Full text of "The New England historical and genealogical register"

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NEW-ENGLAND 

Historical and Genealogical 

I REGISTER. 



N° CLXXIII. 

VOL. XLIV. — JANUARY, 1890. 



IN MEMORIAM MAJORUM. 



PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE 
NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 



BOSTON: 
THE SOCIETY'S HOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STREET 

D^VIID CLAPP & SON, PRINTERS. 



115 High Street. \1 



TEEMS $3 A YEAB, IK" ADVANCE. 



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HISTORICAL AM) GENEALOGICAL ^ 

REGISTER. %, 



JANUARY, L8 



[NCBEASE Ml. I.- TARBOX, D.D., S.T.D. 

My the Rcr. Burn ICasttv Dram, D.D., of New Bedford, M 

DR. TARBOX wasof Puritan descent, and, more fortunate than 
many, was able to identify on both sides Its- successive links 
from almost the earliest days of Massachusetts, In his father's line 
that descent was through Thomas, Jonathan, Thomas, Godfrey, 
Godfrey, and Samuel, to John Tarbox, who was in Lynn in 1 »">.">'.>.* 
( )n the mother's side it was by Lucy, daughter of John, through 
[ncrease, [h crease, David, and. John, to John Porter, who, in L6< 
was one of the earliest Bettlere from Massachusetts of Windsor, 
Conn. Bis father was born in Hebron, Conn., in L776, and was a 
baby in the cradle — the first-born of his family — when his father 
Jonathan joined the army of the revolution. 

Dr. Tarbox was born in Bast Windsor, Conn., on Saturday, Feb. 
11, L815. 11^ was so unfortunate as to lose his mother twenty-two 
days after he was one year old, and his father when but a month and 
ten days more than nine years old ; by consequence being thrown 
upon his own resources at a tender age. In bis \ . published 
many scars after, he went hack to these days in the sweet little 
poem called w My Mother's Grave,? in which he tenderly referred to 
the mothering care which the desolated flock had from their oldest 
sister : 

The elder born, a Bister Bweet, 

Would often lead our younger feet 
Around this simple grave to meet — 

I mind it well ; 
And here our mother's words repeat, 
Her counsels tell. 

With touches of maternal art 
She tried to act the mother's part, 
And fold us to her swelling heart 

With tender tone — 
To wipe our tear-drops as they start, 

And leave her own. 

* Dr. Tarbox never felt sure that he had found the exact place where his genealogy- 
united itself to that of some English family of the name. 
VOL. XLIV. 2 



10 Increase JSIiles Tarbox. [J 



an. 



In March, 1825, a little less than a year after his father's death, 
the lad went to reside with an uncle in Vernon, Conn. But the 
death of that uncle left him, at the age of fourteen, to return to East 
Windsor, to live with Mr. John Bissell, and to assist him in his farm- 
work. This proved a good home, and young Tarbox remained 
there faithfully discharging his multifarious — if simple and humble — 
duties, and quietly laying in a stock of sound physical health, and of 
solid common sense views of men and things, which stood him in 
good stead thereafter, until the autumn of 1833, when — in his nine- 
teenth year — Mr. Bissell released him that he might teach a district 
school in North Coventry, Conn., where he imparted what he him- 
self had learned in the common schools, so far his sole reliance, 
augmented from his private reading and his own stores of reflection. 
The next spring he went to the Academy at East Hartford, Conn., 
to fit for college, whence, in the summer of the following year, he 
entered Yale. When it is remembered how little time he had been 
able to devote especially to his preparatory studies, it is obvious that 
he must have had an alert and apprehensive mind, and must have 
used prodigious application to study. 

It was in connection with what was known as the " Great Revival" 
of 1831-32, that his attention was especially turned toward a 
religious life, and the work of preaching the Gospel ; and the 
change which was wrought before his eyes in the character of the 
farmer with whom he was living, produced a great effect upon his 
mind, and decided him to endeavor, if possible, to enter the Christian 
ministry. 

The class which he entered at Yale, which graduated 94 members, 
was an exceptionally large and able one for those days ; having then 
been exceeded in numbers only by those of 1826 and 1837. Among 
those gathered in it w 7 ho became variously well-known, were Charles 
Astor Bristed, who went over to take his degree in Trinity College, 
Cambridge, and whose "Five Years in an English University," pub- 
lished in 1852, did so much to familiarize American scholars with a 
subject before to them obscure ; Hon. Henry L. Dawes, still one 
of our honored Massachusetts Senators in the Congress of the 
United States ; Charles Hammond, LL.D., the distinguished educa- 
tor at Monson ; Hon. Henry R. Jackson, judge of the Supreme Court 
of Georgia, and United States minister to Austria ; Dr. LP. Lang- 
worthy, who, in various ways, earned so large respect in these 
regions ; Dr. Charles J. Stille, professor in the University of 
Pennsylvania, and author of " How a Free People conduct a long 
War," and other valuable contributions to American literature ; Dr. 
Francis Wharton, perhaps equally eminent as a jurist and an Epis- 
copal divine ; and Josiah Dwight Whitney, one of the most worthily 
renowned of American geologists. Among men like these our friend 
ranked well, and was held in honor. Graduating in 1839, he went 
at once back to East Hartford, to teach in the Academy where he 



47496 

1890.] Increase Niles Tarbox. 11 

had prepared himself for college, and remained there until, in 1842, 
he was elected tutor in his Alma Mater, and removed thither to 
assume the duties of thai position. Under the system which then 
prevailed in the college, such an appointment was an Indication not 
only of the superior scholarship of the man receiving it, but also of 
the confidence of the faculty in his general good sense, and capacity 
for affairs. Mr. Tarbox held this place, with great acceptance, for 
two years, at the same time, with characteristic diligence and succe 
pursuing the sacred studies of the profession which he had chosen in 
the Divinity School of the Institution, whence he graduated with 
honor at the anniversary of 1*11. 

In the following autumn he became pastor of what is now the 
Plymouth Congregational Church in Eframingham, Mass. — which 
used to be known as the K Hollis Evangelical Church" — where he 
was ordained on Wednesday, 20 November, 1844; the sermon being 
preached by Rev. 8. W. S. Dutton, of New Haven, Conn.; the 
Ordaining Prayer made by Rev. Josiah Ballard, of Sudbury; the 
charge; to the Pastor given by Kev Joseph Haven, Jr., of Ashland; 
and the Right Hand of Fellowship by Kev. S. G. Buckingham, of 
Millbury. 

In his various functions in Framingham the young minister — he 
was now nine-and-twenty — made himself soon acceptable not only 
to his own congregation, hut to the entire community. He served, 
of course, for years on the School Committee, and was a Trustee of 
the Academy, and of the Public Library. In 1848 he delivered 
the address at the Consecration of the Ivlgell (J rove Cemetery, in 
whose "quiet resting-places," with three members of his family, 
what was mortal of him now sleep-. His fellow townsmen gave 
significant testimony to their sense of the wisdom which he had in 
public questions, when, in L836, they made him chairman of the 
committee for the erection of the buildings for their High School in 
the Centre Village, and at Saxonville. 

The very name which up to this time his church had borne, indi- 
cated that Framingham was one of those rural communities which 
had passed through theological excitement. In fact it was only 
fourteen years before his coming that a separation had taken place 
between those members of the church wdio substantially adhered to 
the ancient faith, and a minority who went with the parish to con- 
stitute a Unitarian body. Dr. Nathaniel W. Taylor was then the 
ruling spirit in the New Haven Seminary, and if there were any one 
subject on which he more thoroughly instructed his students than on 
all others, it was the various doctrine which distinguished New Eng- 
land Orthodoxy from Socinianism. Mr. Tarbox fully accepted Dr. 
Taylor's system, and his clear way of thinking made it impossible 
for him not to take sides theologically on such a question. But his 
regnant common sense, with the geniality of his temper, made it 
quite impossible for him to be an extremist, or to become a nuisance 



12 Increase N~iles Tarbox. [Jan. 

in his way of holding what to him were sacredest and vital truths. 
By consequence a pleasant acquaintance grew up between him and 
the Rev. William Barry, then pastor of the Unitarian Society in 
Fruiningham — an agreeable and scholarly person, with whom he 
had many tastes in common, and who afterwards wrote the "History 
of Framingham." It would be wrong not to mention here, in pass- 
ing, a little incident which illustrates the good-feeling which came 
to reign in the town, when — as a token of gratitude for many kind- 
nesses done for the Unitarian people when destitute of a pastor, Mr. 
Tarbox was asked to accept a silver pitcher bearing the inscription — 
"Presented by the Ladies of the First Parish, Framingham, to Rev. 
Increase N. Tarbox, January, 1848." 

In the year after his settlement — the exact date being 4 June, 
1845 — Mr. Tarbox was united in marriage to Miss Delia A., 
daughter of Asa Waters, Esq., and Susan (Holman) his wife, of 
Millbury, Mass. Miss Waters was a sister of the wife of Rev. Dr. 
Dutton of the North Church in New Haven, and not a few who 
were residents of New Haven in those days must remember what a 
pleasant light beamed from the fine eyes of the younger sister when 
her elder sister's dwelling received her visits — during one of which 
sprang up the attachment which ended in a happy and hallowed 
union which was terminated by her death only some five years before 
that of her husband. 

In the spring of 1849, the exigences of the Congregational Churches 
— then a good deal stirred up between the "Old School," who were 
represented by Dr. Woods of Andover and Dr. Tyler of East 
Windsor, and the "New School," who more agreed on some points 
with Dr. Taylor of New Haven, Prof. Park of Andover, Dr. Ide of 
Medway, and many disciples of Dr. Emmons scattered up and down 
New England — seemed to require the establishment of a new weekly 
religious journal, for the satisfaction of numbers whose wants were 
not met by the — even then venerable — Boston Recorder, Accord- 
ingly the first number of The Congregationalist — which in the 
same year absorbed the Boston Reporter, in 1851 the Christian 
Times, and in 1867 the Boston Recorder itself — was issued 25 
May, 1849. . Its three editors were Dr. Edward Beecher, then pas- 
tor of the Salem Church, Boston; Rev. Joseph Haven, Jr., then 
pastor of the Harvard Congregational Church in Brookline, and sub- 
sequently professor at Amherst College and in the Congregational 
Theological Seminary at Chicago ; and Mr. Tarbox, then in his 
fifth year at Framingham. The new paper was designed to stand 
in doctrine upon the Bible essentially as interpreted by the New 
England Theology, under the shaping of the great Jonathan 
Edwards ; and in morals was pledged " earnestly to oppose the 
extension of slavery in the slightest degree beyond its present limits." 
Mr. Tarbox brought to it the judgment of a wide-awake yet prudent 
thinker, with the pen of an unusually ready writer, and his services 



1890.] Increase Niles Tarbox. 13 

for the more than two years during which he held the place, were 
most highly regarded, not merely in the way of literary criticism, 
but of general articles ably treating such developments of doctrine, 
and morals, and such phases of public events, as thrust themselves 
into discussion. 

This, indeed, was not altogether new business to Mr. Tarbox. 
As early, at least, as during his college course, he had become 
a contributor to the press. In the Yale Literary Magazine for 
1838-9, in the good company of Charles Astor Bristed, Donald G. 
Mitchell (Ik. Marvel), C. J. Stille, the late Daniel P. Noyes, Dr. 
Daniel March, Dr. J. P. Gulliver, Prof. James M. Hoppin, Prof. 
Henry Booth and others, he appears as a contributor. And when 
during his tutorship the New Englander was started, he furnished 
for its initial number an original poem, and a careful review of the 
Tecumseh of George Hooker Colton, his friend, and the salutatorian 
of the class that came after his. These had been followed, in the 
same review, in 1846, by an article on "Fourierism," and in 1849, 
by one on "George Hooker Colton" — too early deceased. So that, 
although not specially thrust into prominence by his position as a 
pastor, Mr. Tarbox had already drawn toward himself the favoring 
opinion of a considerable portion of his own denomination, by whom 
he was regarded as one of the "coming men" ; while the ready good 
sense with which he discharged every duty led many to feel that he 
possessed unusual qualifications for usefulness in some position 
other and wider than that of a pastor, where sound judgment, perfect 
integrity, and ready aptness for various service, were peculiarly 
demanded. 

The "American Education Society" — now "The American and 
College Education Society" — happened just then to be look- 
ing about for some such man, to take hold of and prosecute its 
admirable work of aiding indigent young men into the Christian 
ministry — a work which had a little drifted out of the current of 
public regard into still water, and which needed re-energization. 
The Rev. Samuel Hopkins Riddel had recently left the position of 
its Secretary and Chief Actuary, and Rev. Dr. William Augustus 
Stearns, then pastor of the First Evangelical Congregational Church 
in Cambridgeport — a position which three years later he left to be- 
come President of Amherst College — had just declined a unanimous 
election to take Mr. Riddel's place. Its directors then were led to 
the choice of Mr. Tarbox, whom the Society elected ; and, after 
much consideration, although his people with one voice and oreat 
urgency begged him to stay with them, it seemed to him that he 
ought to remove to the new field. He was accordingly dismissed 
on Wednesday, 2 July, 1851, by a Council of the vicinage, which, 
in their Result, said : 

The case presented to the Council is not the less trying to personal 
feelings because it is one apparently of very plain duty. . . . The 
VOL. xliv. 2* 



14 Increase N~iles Tarbox. [Jan. 

committee from the Church and Society expressed the deep and general 
regret, and painful reluctance with which they acceded to the request of 
their pastor, wishing the Council to understand that their unanimity was 
only in concession to his wishes, and against their own strong, decided 
and unanimous preferences. 

The same issue of The Congregationcdist (11 July, 1851) which 
published this Result of Council, contained also Mr. Tarbox's resig- 
nation of his editorial responsibility — leaving, as his associates 
declared, a very serious vacancy of "an ever cheerful face, steady 
and wise counsels, and a racy and ready pen," which, a few months 
later (24 Oct. 1851) the writer of this sketch was rash enough to 
try to fill. 

From this hour steadily on, during the complete and rounded 
average life-time of an entire generation of our race, Mr. Tarbox 
gave himself with fidelity and enthusiasm to his new duties of re- 
moving from the path of pious and promising young men who were 
seeking to educate themselves for the Christian ministry, some of 
the most serious obstacles which hedged and blocked their way. 
From two to four hundred were usually thus at the same time under 
his oversight. Sagacity, approachableness, and thorough friendliness, 
with the ability, in need, to administer salutary reproof, and always 
to hold a just as well as steady hand amidst the balancings of proba- 
bilities, were all required to fill well his place ; and he filled it well. 
In 1860, largely for the convenience of greater nearness to his office, 
he removed his residence to West Newton, where the Rev. Henry J. 
Patrick, an alumnus of Andover in 1853, who had been six years 
pastor at Bedford, Mass., in a few months became his pastor, and 
so continued to the end. 

In 1843 certain Congregationalists, whose minds had been spe- 
cially led to consider the importance to the country of the founding 
of distinctively Christian colleges in the rapidly growing Interior and 
the West, and who were deeply impressed with the necessity of 
some better system of planting such institutions, and of the wisdom 
of some method which should shield the giving people of the East 
from being perpetually at the mercy of indiscriminate appeal from 
them, founded "The Society for the Promotion of Collegiate and 
Theological Education at the West." It remained a purely volun- 
tary association, without formal legal basis, until 1872, when it was 
chartered by Massachusetts. Experience gradually developed and 
emphasized the fact that this new organization and the old American 
Education Society had so many points in common as to make it 
possible — and, if possible, then imperative — to unite them under the 
economy of a single administration, and thus not only a little to 
curtail current expenditures, but also to diminish, by one, the multi- 
fariousness of the annual appeals to the Christian benevolence of the 
Congregational churches. A new charter w r as therefore obtained 
from the General Court of Massachusetts in 1874, in compliance 



1890.] Increase Nile* Tarbox. 15 

with whose provisions the two Societies were brought together in 
May of that year. Until 1877, Rev. \h\ H. Q. Butterfield, now 

President of Olivet College, Mich., who had been the Secretary of 
the "College Society," as, for short, it had familiarly been called, 
remained in that relation, having an office in the city of New York. 
After that date the sole official charge of the united organization fell 
upon Dr. Tarbox, who held it until his resignation, in L884, led to 

the selection of Rev, Dr. John A. Hamilton to fill his plac 

In that singularly apt tribute, which, in the funeral address, Rev. 

Mr. Patrick paid to his parishioner and friend of many v. er- 

ring to the relation which during so long a period Dr. Tarbox had 
held to the hundreds and thousands of young men whom he had 
officially aided into the mini-try, he said : 

The great work of his (Dr. Tarbox's) life is unseen. He wroughl 
more than thirty years at tlic founts of influence, moving among the col- 

. eminaries and churches, and putting his hand upon ; 
of students with whom he 1 and corresponded through bis sec- 

retary-ship. No one ••.in estimate tin- results of Buch sympathy, counsel and 
aid. upon this I >mpany of ministers. They were preaching yesterday, 

while he was silent in death — hut through them, though dead, he vet 

Bpeaketh. 

During these three-and-thirty years Dr. Tarbox kept steadily on 
his way. There were not a few discouragement-. There was 
nothing instant, popular, magnetic and appealing in the call which 
he had to utter. And there grew up in certain quarters, a notion — 
diligently fostered by certain brethren of a good deal of Btrong phy- 
sique, and even more of comfortable self-reliance — that a charity 
which helps men into the ministry is a mistake ; that it coddles 
candidates, who, if left to rough it for themselves, would, if they 
deserved it, get into the ministry with a really much more useful 
training in consequence of the hardships they had undergone ; and 
that any young man incompetent to hoe his own unassisted row into 
the pulpit, had better stay out of it. And something was often said 
in disparagement of the quality of manhood which the Education 
Society fostered, as if, if not positively milksops, its beneficiaries 
could seldom hope to win through the rule of the survival of the 
fittest. 

The Secretary valiantly defended his cause. He went back to the 
beginning of the endeavor, and showed how brilliant all along, on 
the lists of the great men of the Congregational faith and order — 
pastors, missionaries, college presidents and professors, secretaries 
of benevolent societies and the like — were the names of those whose 
early poverty, and the huge discouragements of whose lot, would 
almost surely have relegated them to a life of meagre obscurity, but 
for its timely aid. This method of dealing with the subject, which 
he found to be very useful in his popular appeals, added strength to 
his natural fondness for biography, and statistics, and suggestive 



16 Increase Niles Tarbox. [Jan. 

facts ; without purpose on his own part training him thus for the large 
work subsequently done by him in that department. To one with 
a natural constitution as robust, and health as firm as his, to one 
withal industrious and holding the pen of a ready writer, such a 
secretary-ship offered many fragments of time, which, without injus- 
tice to any honorable claim of the Society, could be applied to 
various authorship ; and of these our friend made diligent use. 
Naturally his past connection with the Congregationalist, added to 
the fact that the office of that journal and his own always happened 
to be near together, for many years led him to write considerably — 
as always acceptably — for its columns. Many of the little poems of 
the volume to which reference will hereafter be made, were written 
for and first published in its issues. 

His career as an author, as I have said, really began in College, in 
1838 — when he was three-and-twenty ; and I have been able to 
identify the following miscellaneous productions of his pen — aside 
from his annual reports, and his various pleas in the line of his 
official specialty — which I arrange in the order of their issue ; and 
which will thus show the habitual fertility of a busy man, who was 
all along, with the exception of his last four years, filling an impor- 
tant and exacting office. 

1 Harriet — A Sketch. Tale Literary Magazine. Vol. IV. 1838. 

2 Tecumseh — A Review. New Englander. Vol. I. 1843. 

3 Midnight— A Poem. New Englander. Vol. I. 1843. 

4 Fourierism. New Englander. Vol. IV. 1846. 

5 George Hooker Colton. New Englander. Vol. VII. 1849. 

6 A Correct Apprehension of God P^ssential to True Worship: ) 

or a View of the Doctrine of the Trinity as it stands y 1849. 
connected with the whole Gospel Scheme. (Pam.) ) 

7 Tennyson, In Mem. — A Review. N Englander. Vol. VIII. 1851. 

8 The College and the Church. New Englander. Vol. XL 1853. 

9 Christ's Rule for Alms-giving. New Englander. Vol. XIII. 1855. 

10 Aaron Burr. New Englander. Vol. XVI. 1858. 

11 Theodore Parker. New Englander. Vol. XVI. 1858. 

12 Winnie and Walter Stories (Juvenile), 4 Vols. ) 

J. E. Tilton § Co. } 186 °- 

13 Where do Scholars and Great Men come from? ) v 

Congregational Quarterly. j lobl. 

14 When I Was a Boy (Juvenile), (Vol.) 1862. 

15 The Hebrew Worshipper. New Englander. Vol. XXI. 1862. 

16 English and American University Life. Boston Bevieiv. Vol. II. 1862. 

17 Nineveh, or the Buried City. Cong"l. Pub. Soc. (Vol.) 1864. 

18 The Curse, etc., on the Race of Ham. Am. Tract Soc. (Vol.) 1865. 

19 Table of Members and descent of Council of 1865, etc. 1865. 

20 Noah Webster. Congregational Quarterly. Vol. VII. 1865. 

21 Universal Suffrage. New Englander. Vol. XXIV. 1865. 

22 Old Connecticut vs. the Atlantic Monthly. } ^ T , _ 

New Englander. j Vol. XXIV. 1865. 

23 Tyre and Alexandria Chief Commercial Cities of ) 

Scrip. Times. (Vol.) / 1866 - 



1890.] Increase Mies Tarbox. 17 



24 S. W. S. Dutton, D.D. Congregational Quarterly. Vol. VIII. 18G6. 

25 Missionary Patriots — The Schneiders. (Vol.) 18G7. 

26 Unitarianism — Its Present Condition. ) Tr , ^a-itt iqct 

A7 „ , j > Vol. AAVl. 180/. 

JSew ting lander. ) 

27 Uncle George's Stories (Juvenile), (Vol.) Cong. Pub. Soc. 1808. 

28 Origin of the Old Testament. Hours at Home. Vol. VII. 1868. 

29 Jonathan Edwards. Bibliotheca Sacra. Vol. XXVI. 1809. 

30 Forefathers' Day — Winthrop and Emerson. ) y . ^XX 1871 

New Englander. ) 

31 Timothy Edwards and liis Parishioners. ) v , XTTf 1871 

Congregational Quarterly. j 

32 Ruling Elders in Early New England Churches. ) v , XIV 1872 

Congregational Quarterly, j 

33 Reminiscences of the Stackpole House, j y , v-v-v-TT is""} 

New Englander. ) 

34 Richard Salter Storrs, D.D. Congregational} v , vttt iq-i 

Quarterly. j 

35 Plymouth and the Bay. Cong. Quarterly. Vol. XVII. 1875. 
30 Genesis of the New England Churches. ) v , XXXTV 18"5 

New Km/lander. ) 

37 Battle of Bunker Hill. New Englander. Vol. XXXIV. 1875. 

38 Life of Israel Putnam. (Vol.) Lockwood, Brooks ty Co. 1870. 

39 Gov. William Alfred Buckingham. Cotaire- \ Tr , V irrTT 107 . 

.. 7 r. . , b ? Vol. XVIII. 18/0. 

(jalional Quartern/. ) 

40 Samuel Adams. iV. 2£ jSttf. «wc? 6re?i. Register. Vol. XXX. 1870. 

41 Johu Dwight and his Descendants. .Vew ) xr , wwr i o-n 

%, j j > Vol. XXXV. 18/0. 

Janglanaer. j 

42 The Religious and Ecclesiastical Contrast within the hounds ") 

of Suffolk West Conference, betweeu the years >• 1870. 
1770 and 1870. (Pamphlet.) ) 

43 Rev. Selah Burr Treat. Cong. Quarterly. Vol. XIX. 1877. 

44 Early New England Psalmody. Bibliotheca} T7 , wvttt io~n 

J o J r Vol. XXX v I. 18/9. 

sacra. j 

45 Our New England Thanksgiving histori- ) Tr , „„„ T7TTT 10 -n 

n -a i V r / > t Vol. XXXVIII. 18/9. 

cally considered. JS. Janglanaer. ) 

40 Advantages of private Instruction for the ) Tr -, v „„ TrTT 1D on 

tvt- • * ??•//• .7 c r vol. XXXVII. 1880. 

Ministry. Bibliotheca sacra, j 

47 William Ely. Memorial Biographies. Vol. I. 1880. 

48 New England Poetry of the 17th Century. ) T7 , _„^^ T ,,- ioon 

at j? 7 i r Vol. XXXIX. 1880. 

JSew JLnglander. j 

49 The Light of Asia. New Englander. Vol. XXXIX. 1880. 

50 Alfred Hawkins. Memorial Biographies. Vol. II. 1881, 

51 Private Instruction for the Ministry. 

Bibliotheca Sacra. 

52 Congregational Trinitarian Churches in Boston ) 

• T-on ir Tj- * t> * r Vol. III. 1881. 

since 1/80. Mem. Hist. Boston. j 

53 Nathan Strong, D.D. N. E. Hist, and Gen. ) T7 , VVVT7TT , 000 

r> 9\ y Vol. XXXVII. 1883. 

Register. ) 

54 Thomas Rohbins, D.D. Memorial Biographies. Vol. III. 1883. 

55 Chapter of Connecticut Reminiscences. ) -, T , VT TT -.ooo 

at t? j j r Vol. Jv-Lll. looo. 

JSew JLnglander. ) 

50 Elam Smalley, D.D. Memorial Biographies. Vol. III. 1883. 

57 Sir Walter Ralegh, and his Colony. (Vol.) 1884. 



1 



18 Increase JSRles Tarbox. [Jan. 

58 Thomas Robbins, D.D. N. E. Hist, and) y , XXXVTTT ^P I R4. 

Gen. Register. ) 

59 Jonathan Edwards as a Man. New Englander. Vol. XLIII. 1884. 

60 The First Church of Hartford. New Englander. Vol. XLIII. 1884. 

61 Songs and Hymns for Common Life. (Vol.) D. Clapp £$ Son. 1886. 

62 Review of Prof. Dexter's Yale Biographies, etc. ^ y , ^j y- .„„„ 

New Englander. j 

63 Review of Dr. Woods's History of Andover. ) -y , XT V IftSfi 

New Englander. j 

64 Diary of Thomas Robbins. (Vol.) Vol. I. 1886. 

65 Diary of Thomas Robbins. (Vol.) Vol. II. 1887. 

66 John Tarbox of Lynn, and his Descendants.) y i vttt isftft 

N E. Hist, and Gen. Register. \ 

67 Beliefs that dishonor God. New Englander. Vol. XLVII. 1888. 

Of these the eighth, ninth, thirteenth, forty-sixth and fifty-first, 
were obviously suggested by their author's special studies in con- 
nection with the office which he held. 

Two and fifty articles, most of them upon subjects to require re- 
search, and of a magnitude to absorb many hours of solid application ; 
and fifteen volumes — the last two of which contain nearly 2200 of the 
largest sized octavo pages of not large type, and which although the 
task was only that of editing and not of composing, heavily taxed 
that editor's skill and care in the abundance of the details for their 
multifarious notes, and the preparation of their admirable indexes of 
fifty-four solid three-column pages of the finest available type ! 

But this was by no means all. In 1863, Mr. Tarbox accepted 
an election as a resident member of this Society — which, in his case, 
meant a working member. And since that time our quarterly 
journal has been again and again enriched by contributions from 
his pen not formally enumerated above. Of these there have been 
many notices of books, and since, in 1881, he was appointed our 
historiographer, his contributions to our necrology continued careful, 
constant and trustworthy until the pen dropped from his hand.* 

Such well-wrought work seldom fails of recognition and respect, 
and, in 1869 — by that curious coincidence with which such lightning 
sometimes strikes an unanticipating sufferer — Mr. Tarbox simul- 
taneously received the degree of Doctor of Divinity (D.D.) from 
Iowa College, and that of Doctor in Sacred Theology (S.T.D.) 
from his Alma Mater. 

* The following resolutions, drawn up by Dr. Andrew P. Peabody, were then passed by 
the Society : 

I Resolved, — That we put on record an expression of our respect and reverence for our late 
associate, the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D. , as an accomplished scholar, as an able writer, 
as a Christian minister of worthily high standing and reputation, and as having demon- 
strated the genuineness and power of his religious faith in the purity and sanctity of his life ; 

That we hold in mindful memory the union in him of firm convictions and broad sym- 
pathies, — of loyalty to his own views of truth and cordial and appreciating friendship for 
those allied to him only by honest belief and upright purpose; 

That his long, precious, and indefatigable services as a member and officer of this Society 
demand no ordinary tribute of commemoration, and claim for him an honored place among 
the foremost names in our special department of research and investigation; and 

That a copy of the above resolutions be transmitted to the family of the Rev. Dr. Tarbox. 



1890.] Increase JViles Tarbox. 19 

Beginning as a general writer, with a Bpecial trend toward poetry 
and criticism, in connection with his peculiar studies in the office 
which he held, Dr. Tarbox gradually came to have an extended and 
accurate familiarity with the ancient ways in New England, and to 
be regarded as an authority in her history. 

Dr. Tarbox was welcome in all pulpits. And even those whose 
prejudices against " agents " impaired their interest in his appeals 
for the Society which he represented, were glad when they got a 
chance to hear him " preach the Gospel." One of his seminary 
companions, who has just been called to join him in a better world,* 
in one of his last letters, dictated after his hand could no Longer hold 
the pen, said of his old friend : 

At our second interview we walked half way to West Haven, and back, 
and at that time a friendship waa cemented which never cooled. He wraa a 
thoroughly honest and candid man, without art or guile; a faithful and 

successful pastor, and an admirable Secretary. He was one of the I 
sermonizers I have ever known intimately. 

A vein of quiet pleasantry ran through Dr. Tarbox's nature, which 
often came to his relief in the discussion of a dry subject, and which 
made him specially acceptable at the meetings of Congregational 
clubs, College festivals, all manner of church and town anniversaries, 
and the like. A specimen of this happens to be at hand in some 
verses on 'Timothy Dwight," which were read before the Yale 
Alumni Association of Boston and vicinity in its annual assembling 
in February, 1887, — one large part of the fun of which consisted 
in the presence of the distinguished president of the university, who 
now bears and adorns the venerable name. As the parsons used 
often to say, "we will now use the first three, and the last three, 
stanzas," thus : 

I sing of Timothy Dwight, 

That manyheaded man, 
Who first appeared upon these shores 

When Dedham town began. 

He trod the Dedham wilds, 

A stirring boy of five, 
But did his part before he died 

To stock the family hive. 

With six most worthy wives 

And fourteen children dear, 
He gave the race a vigorous start 

That reaches down to here. 



How many Timothy Dwights 

Now live upon the earth, 
Who to the Dedham youngster 

Can surely trace their birth ; 

* The Rev. Abijah Perkins Marvin, who died in Lancaster, Mass., Oct. 19, 1889. 



20 Increase Niles Tarbox. [Jan. 

How many Timothy Dwights 

The future shall unfold, 
In the dispersion of the tribes, 

Must here be left untold. 

But certain 'tis, ? and sure, 

That since the race set out 
In Dedham woods, the Timothy Dwights 

Have always been about. 

In a different mood, into which sarcasm crept, he delighted the 
Congregational Club of Boston on Forefathers' Day, in 1880, by his 
delineation of a " Pilgrim Father " reconstructed to " meet the de- 
mands of the age." In the course of this he said : 

The Pilgrim Father should have been a man 

Who had no private prejudice to smother, 
Built on a large, expansive, liberal plan, 

To whom one thing were good as any other; 
Who, had he lived back when the race began, 

Would not have minded though Cain killed his brother ; 
A man so very round, and full, and pious 

As to be free from every^shade of bias. 

He should have patronized with equal zeal 

Everv adventurous aud random rover; 
Have freely shared his dear-bought common weal 

With every renegade that might come over ; 
Ready to grant each wanderer's appeal, 

Whether he hailed from Holland, Dublin, Dover; 
A man who held it strict impartiality 

Not to distinguish virtue from rascality. 

He should have been landed on this western shore 

With less of Bible, and with more of science ; 
Bible is good, but had he pondered o'er 

What science taught, aud made that his reliance, 
He could have reared from his exhaustless store, 

An empire grand, and bid the world defiance : 
Great pity that with chances so prodigious 

He should have been a trifle too religious ! 

Not every day do we find such ability as Dr. Tarbox had to drudge 
intelligently and untiringly among dusty and obsolete facts, conjoined 
to the vivacity of a highly imaginative and really poetic nature. 
But no man, we think, can read the little volume so pleasantly 
named Songs and Hymns for Common Life, without according 
to its author some possession of the true power of verse. His was 
not the case of the clerk to whom Pope referred : 

Who pens a stanza when he should engross; 

but rather, like Pope himself, he — 

lisped in numbers, for the numbers came. 



-> 



1890.] Increase Niles Tarbox. 2L 

Those who remember his Phi Beta Iiappa poem at Yale in 
1871, or who have been so fortunate as to secure a copy of the 
privately published and privately distributed volume above named, 
will readily concede to its author a place in the list of American 
poets. 

What can be more exquisite, as a vers defamille, than his "My 
Little Playmate," the spirit of which comes out in its first and last 
stanzas, thus : 

I am a grandsire, journeying close 

On three-score years and ten ; 
And when my daily tasks are done, 

And laid aside my pen, 
I call my little playmate in 

Now passing on to three, 
For I have need as much of her 

As she has need of me. 



Oh let me never grow too old 

To join in merry glee 
With any bright and Laughing child 

That climbs upon my knee ; 
Let me still keep the sportive mind 

Until my dying day, 
For what is life, in all its length, 

Without the children's play ? 

After the resignation of his secretaryship at the age of a little more 
than sixty-nine, Dr. Tarbox, still in fair vigor of health, frequented 
his home, husbanding the resources which years of diligent and pru- 
dent toil had made ready for such a day, and gave himself more 
entirely to his loved literary work. A glance back at the list of the 
productions of his fertile pen already given, will show the remarkable 
total, for his last four years of life, of seven review articles or critical 
essays, and four volumes, two of which were of large size, and most 
exacting in their demands upon him for proof-reading, and indexing, 
as well as editing. Perhaps he over-wrought. At any rate he 
took refuge in a milder climate for the winter of 1887-8, in the 
grateful company of relatives from New Haven, Conn. In the 
Davis Hotel, at Kittrell, N. C, he found great comfort and decided 
benefit, until somehow he was smitten with acute congestion of the 
lungs, during which he was insensible for several hours, and which 
almost terminated his life, and the exhaustion from which, no doubt, 
did end it after his return. 

The writer had a charming letter from him toward the last of 
February, in which he referred tenderly to what was a strong point 
with both of us — the Pilgrim Fathers ; and illustrated the generosity 
of his nature by over-praising a word-picture, which, in unwonted 
verse, I had some time before attempted of the happenings at Plymouth 
on Monday, 11-21 Dec. 1620. 

VOL. XLIV. 3 



22 Increase Niles Tarbox. [Jan. 

Dr. Tarbox was spared to return home, and after a little resting 
from his journey, he went into town to his haunts near the corner of 
Beacon and Somerset Streets ; spending some hours in the Genea- 
logical rooms, and among his old confreres in the Congregational 
House, who little realized that they were bidding him at once wel- 
come and good-bye. He had just strength enough left to get home, 
and there laid down upon the lounge among the books that he loved, 
and in close converse with which his whole life had been spent ; and 
having declared his state to be one of perfect peace with God and 
man, he quietly breathed there his last breath. This was on Thurs- 
day, May 3, 1888, when he was seventy-three years, two months 
and twenty-three days old. 

There had been still a sense of youth, and an appetence for life, 
in him. He had a generous and hearty sympathy with what is best 
here, but his conversation had been in heaven, — or, as the New 
Version puts it, — his citizenship was there. It did not appear that 
he was taken by surprise. He had thought the whole subject over, 
and while he would have been glad to have worked here a little 
longer, had such been God's will, he humbly felt that he was pre- 
pared for death, whenever and however God might call. He ten- 
derly loved his surviving children and those children's children. He 
loved his pastor and his church, and he loved his friends, and took 
comfort in the large and honorable circle of his literary associates. 
But, beyond question, he esteemed it "very far better" to "depart 
and be with Christ." 

His funeral service was attended on the following Monday (May 
7), in the Congregational Meeting-house in West Newton, where he 
had worshipped ; his pastor, Rev. H. J. Patrick, making a fitting and 
beautiful address, the service being shared by the Rev. George A. 
Gordon of the Old South Church in Boston, and the Rev. Dr. Daniel 
Butler of Waverley, one of Dr. Tarbox's very old friends and co- 
Secretaries. 

It was an ideal spring day, and as in the slanting sunlight the 
body was laid by the side of his dear wife and the two little ones 
who had gone before, it was in the full assurance of a glorious im- 
mortality ; and with an impulse on the part of his fellow-workers, 
as from the place of his well-earned repose they retraced their steps 
to what might remain of their own life- toil, to give diligent heed to 
those pregnant words of the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews : 

We desire that each one of you may shew the same diligence unto the 
fulness of hope even to the end : that ye be not sluggish, but imitators of 
them who through faith and patience inherit the promises. 

Dr. and Mrs. Tarbox had four children, viz. : — 

i. Charles Porter, born 11 July, 1846; died 12 Sept. 1849. 

ii. Susan Waters, b. 19 Nov. 1849; m. 10 Sept. 1872, Samuel 
Carr, Jr., Esq., of Boston, President of the Central Bank. 



1890.] Letters of Col. Thomas Wetfbrook and othei 23 

iii. Mu:y PoBTOft, 1). 22 Oct 1851; m. 86 Oct 1876, F. F. 
Raymond, Esq., of the law firm of Clark A R kymond, Boston. 
iv. Hi. 1. 1 v Jam:. h. 26 Feb. 1854; d. 7 April, 1858. 

And now, how better can we all take leave of thai thought of our 
brother beloved which it has been the object of tin - es to bur- 

nish to ;i momentary recognition, than in hi- own words 

"The Good Man's Death'"." 

( 1m. take thy rest i the «lav i- donet 

And all its toil and burden i ■ 
No more the heat of burning sun, 

The | > « - J t i 1 1 l_i storm -hall break no m< 

I k>, take thy rest i i _ r " "1 man dies, 
A od yields bis ipirit back to God ; 
But od nil path s radiance lies, 

A lighl o'er all tin- fields In* trod. 

Go, take thy rest 3 tin* Dight romes on, 
And stars ihittS «"ir along the sky ; 

Hut night t'oi tells a hirer dawn, 
Whene'er the L, r ""d and faithful die. 



LETTERS OF COLONEL THOMAS rTESTBROOK, 

AND OTHERS, 

Kii uivi: ro iM'iw \i i mi:- in M\i\i. 1 7J2-1 72G. 
Oommnniosted by William Blaki Txasx, a.m., of Dorchester. 

THOMAS WESTBROOK of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, was, 
perhaps, a son of Thomas Westbrook, tor many years a member 
of the State Council in New Hampshire, who died in the year 1736. 
Captain Westbrook, subsequently promoted to the office of Colonel, 
was ordered bv the Massachusetts government to range through the 
country from Kennebeck to Penobscot, and prosecute, as had been 
expressed, w the Eastern Indians for their many breaches of covenant " 
with our people. Some of the details of these expeditions, and the 
military movements attending them, are interestingly, and, we doubt 
not, correctly related, in the letters before us, from the fall of the 
year 1722 to 172(). The Westbrook letters written, probably by 
dictation, have the autograph signatures of the Colonel. He was 
afterwards eno-a^ed as an a^ent in obtaining masts for the roval 
navy. His speculations in Eastern lands commenced, as w r e have 
been informed, as early as the year 1719, and were continued, not- 
withstanding the unsettled condition of the times, some nine or ten 
years. In August, 1727, he became a citizen of Falmouth, and soon 
after built a house at Stroudwater in that town. He was considered 
an important and honorable member of the place where he lived. His 



24 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. [Jan. 

death occurred February 11, 1744. The maiden name of his wife, 
who died his widow, at Portsmouth, in New Hampshire, aged 75 
years, was Mary Sherburne. Col. Westbrook left no male issue. 
His daughter Elizabeth married Richard Waldron, the well known 
Secretary of New Hampshire, a grandson of the noted Richard 
Waldron, killed by the Indians in 1689. 

The town of Westbrook, in Maine, six miles from the city of 
Portland, was, in the year 1815, named in honor of the Colonel. 
It was taken from the town of Falmouth, and included the village 
of Stroudwater. In 1880, it had about 4,000 inhabitants. The 
late Hon. William Willis, at the close of a brief notice of Col. 
Westbrook (History of Portland, page 355), says : "The town in 
which he lived justly perpetuates his name, and is the only memorial 
of him which remains." It gives us pleasure, therefore, to be 
enabled to publish the following muster rolls and letters, as well as 
his journal, which it is purposed, hereafter, to print. With the 
exception of a few extracts, and a communication or two to an 
eastern paper, it is believed they are now for the first time made 
public, presenting thereby a standing " memorial " to the name and 
patriotic services of Thomas Westbrook. 

See "Journal of the Rev. Joseph Baxter," 1717, Register, xxi. 
54-59. Also same volume, page 348. Maine Historical and 
Genealogical Recorder. 

Names in the Muster Roll of the Company under Command of Thomas 
Westbrook, Esq., from July to December, 1722. 

James Armstrong, Lieu* James Nigh, killed 

W m Wilcote, Serg* Caleb Benjamin 

Michael Thomas, Do Isaac Sanger 

Fran 8 Punchard, Clerk John Andrews 

Joseph Brown, Corporal Robert Bailey 

Alex r Matheus, Do Dan 11 Ryan 

W m Wilcote, Centinel Robert Cohorn 

Peter Parry, Do John Oakes 

John Lee* David Woodwell 

W m Beard Richard Mullen 

Joseph Cory John Elder 

Job Burgis Ephraim Indian 

John Willington W m Jaffreys 

John Haly Isaac Francis 

Tho s Lawrence Bryan Toole 

Tho s Leanard John Dinsmoref 

Edw d Painter W m Ligatf 

Joseph Hunter, killed Joshua Rosef 
Joseph Muckamog, killed 

[The above Muster Roll was signed under oath, by Benjamin 
Toole, Dec. 22, 1722. The sum of 92 pounds, 6 shillings, 2 pence, 

* Servant to Tho* Gaige. f Detained by Colo Walton for Pilots. 



1890.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. 



25 



were allowed and paid out of the public Treasury, to the officers and 
soldiers therein named, in accordance with the details as given by Mr. 
Toole, such as entrance into and continuance in the service, wages, 
&c] 

Mass. Archives, Vol. 91, pages 87, 88. 



Names in the Muster Roll of Coi Wcstbr 

1724, to May 22 

Thomas Westbrook, Col 
Jo 8 Bean, Cap 1 
Moses Banks, Lieut* 
Moses Markham, Lieut 
Rich 4 Davenport, Ens"* 
Robert Peiroe, Serg 4 
John Clark, Serg 1 
Jam* Garland, Serg* 
Jam 1 Irish, Sei 
Nic° Byram, Corp 11 
Benj* Larrabee 
John ( >\\ < ns u 

Simon Armstrong " 

Jon* Lawrence, Centinel 
Elisha Berry 
Stephen Randal] 

Henry MeKenney 

Peter Harden 

John Cutler 

Sam 11 Sahins 

Benj h Aytes 

Nath 1 Breeman 

Silvanus Cambell 

W m Eason 

Francis Wood 

Tho 9 Willcott 

Moses Attaquin, Serv* to Jam 9 

Otys 
Eben Saunders, Serv* to Thomas 

Barker, Esq 
Isaac Wanna 
Dan 1 Hood 
John Darling 
Jacob Hedge, Serv* to Benjamin 

Sole 



oo&i Company, from Nov. 22, 
, 1725. 

Joseph Nedd, Serv* to Coll 

Winslow 
Philip Trneman* 
Kdw' 1 LeirS) Centine] 

Tho' Karl.- 

Mosea Markham, Clerk 

Edw d Painter, Centinel 

Jam 1 Webster 

John Tommi 

6am u Ubby, SerVto Coll 

Westbrook 

Morrioe Fitzgerald 

Joshna ( IromweU 

Nath 1 Winslow 

Sam' Perkins 

John Si »le, Son to John 

Staggp 
Jamei Qnach, Serv* to Doc' 

Allen 
Moses Gold 
Isaac Howard 
Amos Nicholls* 
Peter Abbott* 
Rich d Mullen* 
W m M c fetricks* 
Benj tt Larrabee* 
W ,n Groves 
W m Coyne, Clerk from 

Monlten 
Peter Colliot, Pilot, Died 
James Barber, Centinel 
Jon a Dodson 
W m Merryfield 
Benj a Sopeane 
Arthur Noble, Ens 11 



[Edward Mountfort, of Boston, testified, June 5, 1725, to the 
correctness of the above Roll, with particulars, as set forth when 
shown to the Committee. The sum of 633 pounds, 1 shilling and 
9 pence ordered to be paid.] 

Mass. Arch., Vol. 91, pages 136-138. 



VOL. XLIV. 



3* 



* Dismissed. 



2Q Letters of Col. Thomas Westbroolc and others. [Jan. 

Falmouth, Sep r 23, 1722. 

May it Please your Excellency, 

I take this Opportunity to Inform you that I Arrived at Piscataqua 
at 10 o'clock In y e Morning The 15 th Instant & Immediatly Waited on 
y e L r Governour [Dummer] of whom I reced. a Confirmation That There 
was 5 or 6 hundered Indians at Arrowsick upon Which I Immediatly 
return'd to y e Sloops In Order to Sail but the Wind proving Contrary I 
was Oblidg'd To Stay till ye Next Morning 3 of y e Clock And then pro- 
ceeded to Arrowsick where I came to an Anchor at One a Clock on 
Monday Morning. I Waited upon Coll. Walton who Told me y e Indians 
were Withdrawn & that he Intended to March that Day with 180 Men To 
Way lay the Indians In Their Carrying Places and Desired our Company. 
Butt In as Much as the Indians were withdrawn I was willing To make 
my best way To S* Georges fearing ye Enemy might Attack it. Tuesday 
About five a Clock we Came To Sail & Came To the Mouth of S*. Georges 
River on Wednesday Morning And not having a fair Wind went up In five 
Whale boats To the fort which I found In good Order the Indians having 
Attacked it y e 24 th of August and Kill'd 5 Men j* were out of the Garrison. 
They Continued Their Assault 12 Days & Nights furiously Only now and 
Then under a flagg of Truce They would have perswaded them to yeild 
of the Garrison Promissing Them to give Them good Quarters and Send 
them To Boston. The Defend 13 Answ" Were That they Wanted no 
quarters at their Hands. Daring them Continually To Come on and told 
them it was King Georges Lands And That they would not Yeild them up 
but with the Last Drops of Their Blood. The Indians Were Headed by 
y e fryar who Talked with Them under a flag of Truce and Likewise by 
Two french Men, as they Judg'd them to be. they Brought with them five 
Captives y* they took at S* Georges 15 th June last and Kept them During 
the Seige. Butt upon their Breaking up Sent M r John Dunsmore One of 
the Said Captives to y e fort to know Whether they would redeem them or 
no. Our People Made Answ 1 " 8 they had no Order So to Do, neither Could 
they do it. Upon which M r Dunsmore return'd to the Indians and they 
Carry'd the Captives Back to Penobscutt Bay, and Then frankly released 
Three of Them Vizt. M r John Dunsmore, M r Thomas Foster and M r 
William Ligett. One Joshua Rose y 1 was taken at Aforesaid Time and 
place And whom the Indians had left Behind at Penobscutt Fort Made his 
Escape & After Six Days Travell Arrived at y e Fort y e Second Day After 
the Seige Began he being Oblidged To make his Way Through the Body 
of y e Indians To Gett To The fort and was Taken In at One of the Ports. 
I now Detain the four Captives Aforesaid to be as Pilotts to Penobscutt 
Fort Untill I know your Excellency's Pleasure About them. They Inform 
me that the Indians have rebuilt Their fort at Penobscutt Since the 15 th of 
June Oblidging Them To Work on it. It Contains Ab* 12 Rodd Square 
Enclos'd With Stockado's of 12 foot High, it has 2 Flankers on the East 
The Other on y e West, and 3 Gates not at that Time Hung, they Have 
Likewise 2 Swivell Guuns. It is Situated On an Island In a fresh Water 
River Twelve Miles from y e Salt Water. The Captives Judge there is no 
way of getting to the Island but by Canoes or flatt Bottom'd Boats & it is 
impossible to Carry up Whale boats by reason y e falls are 8 or 9 Miles 
Long & [ ] is Very Swift and full of Rocks. The Captives Foster 

& [ ] Affirm That They Saw 12 or 13 Barrells of Gun Powder 

Brought To The fort By the Indians as they Said from Canada Ab* 



1890.] Letters of Col, Thomas Westb rook and others. 27 

the Middle of July. They have a Meeting House within a Rod or 
Thereabouts on y' Out side of y e South Wall of the Fort it Being 60 Foot 
Long, 30 wide and 12 foot Stndd With a Bell In it which They Ring 
Morning & Evening. The B d Rose Informs me They had a Considerable 
Quantity Of Com Standing when he made his Escape. After I had viewed 
y c Garrison I return'd In ah 1 an Hour <Sc ] To my Sloop* Lying In 
Mouth of the River and Sent up one of them With a few Sands upon 
Deck as to Carry up stouts To The fort and Sail'd with the ( >ther Sloop for 
Arrowsick full of Men To Induce tin: Indians Spy^ To Believe that We 
had Intirely Left the place and That there was no Design against Penob- 
scutt, and Likewise To Inform Coll Walton of y - State of Affairs, not 
knowing hut that he Might have Orders To Make an Attack upon Them. 
This Being all y' is Material! I make Bold to Subscribe my self your 
Ezcellencys Most Ohedient Humble Servant, Tho" Westbrook. 

Coll. Walton Desired me to Come Along with him To This Place To 

■ 

Sec what forces that he Could Draw, which I Did Accordingly, and Brought 
M r . Dunsmore and Rose along with Me. The Garrison at S 1 ( > has 

Expended most of their Amuoitioo During y Late Seige and I Desire 
your Excellency To Send p'y* first Opportunity 1 or 5 Barrells of Gun 

powder with Ball, Swan Shott and flints Answerable, for y" Indians are 
resolved To Take y e fort if Possible. It there he no Opportunity of Send- 
ing it to S l Georges please To Order it to Arrowsick, and I will fetch it hi 
my whale boats. 

P, S. The Captives Inform'd me That y* Most Part of y° Indians food 
During y* Time of y' Seige was Seals which they Caught Dayly Keeping 
out a party of Men for that Purpose. They Also Inform us & do Assert 
That there Is great Quantitys of Sturgeon Bass and Eels To be Caught 
Even Close by y c Island where Penobscutt Fort is 

Superscribed : — 
Cap 1 Westbrooks Lett r 
Sept. 1722. 

To His Excellency Samuell Shute Esq r . 
Capt General 1 and Governour In and Over His Majesties 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay In New England. 

At Boston 
On his Majesties Service These 

Mass. Archives, 51 : 364-367. 



May it Please your Honour 

I wrote To your Honour from Hampton the 22 d * 
Instant, and acquainted you of My dispatches from Thence To The East- 
ward by Leiv* Hilton, To have the marching Forces mustered at the places 
of Rendezvous w th all possible expedition, and I shall not fail to be with 
them, by the time they are Assembled together; I am now at Portsmouth, 
awaiting y e Arrival of one of y e Sloops to take me in, If She comes not 
with this days fair wind, I determine to Sett out for my post tomorrow by 
land, so that no time may possibly Slip unimproved. 

In perusing my Instructions, I observe, in case of extraordinary and 
unforeseen Accidents, and in matters not particularly mentioned, Your 



This letter appears to be missing. — w. b. t. 



28 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. [Jan. 

Honour is Pleased to Referr me to my own Resolves with the advice of my 
Commission officers, upon which Articles I pray your Honours favour to 
be Resolved, whether you Intended all y e Commission officers, or the Cap- 
tains onely : This being all that offers at Present, I Take leave to Subscribe 
(most Respectfully) 

Hon ble Sir 
Boston Jan: 24 th 1722-3. Your Honours 

most obed* humble Serv* 
Mass. Archives, 51 : 368-9. Tho s Westbrook. 



Boston Jan ry 31, 1722. 

S r I have received two Letters from you The First from Hampton of 
y e 22 d inclosing Lieu* Hilton's Journal, the Other from Portsmouth of y e 
24 th . I observe that you have dispatch'd Orders for all the Forces to be 
at the Place of Rendezvous & that you intend to be att the Head of Them 
with y e Utmost Expedition of Which I hope you will not fail; and when 
it shall please God you are there, that you will exert your self to improve 
y e First opportunity of putting your instructions in Execution, especially 
since y e usual Season for action is so far advanced that the least Omission 
or Delay may probably render the Whole Expense of this Winters Cam- 
pagne ineffectual & vain. 

You'l have a Sufficient Supply of Provisions 'ere this, All the Sloops 
being doubtless at Casco before now. 

As to your Question relating to a Council of War; You must call all 
the Captains, that are near, & if you have not enough to make five at the 
least, Call y e Eldest Lieu ts . 

Your Stores being to be divided Two Chaplains will be necessary & I 
wou'd have you to call M r Pierpoint* for the Service, Which is all at 
present, from Your Assured 

Mass. Archives, 51 : 368-9. Friend & Serv fc 

W m DUMMER 



Col Westbrooke. 

Agustaf Feb 17 25 th 1722-3. 

S r 

Pursuant to instructions from Col Westbrook I Received 120 men 
Equipt with snow shoes moginsons & Twenty Dayes provission to march up 

* Doubtless the Rev. Samuel Pierpont, A.M., who with his brother James was a graduate 
of Yale College, in the class of 1718; son of the Rev. James Pierpont, of New Haven, and 
grandson of John, of Roxbury, Mass. Samuel was ordained minister at Lyme, Conn., 
Dec. 12, 1722. " In crossing the river from Saybrook with an Indian waterman, the canoe 
upset and he was drowned" March 15, 1723, at the early age of 22. His body was found 
April 28th, at Fisher's Island, and buried there. He had an extraordinary gift, and was 
a Boanerges in his preaching. Great hopes rested on him." — Allen's Biograph. Dictionary. 

t " At Small Point Harbor, on the south-west side of the town, is the site of a fishing 
settlement established by the Pejepscot proprietors in 1716, with the name of Augusta. Dr. 
Oliver Noyes, one of the proprietors, was the principal director and patron. Capt. Pen- 
hallow, son of the author of a history of the Indian Wars, in 1717, resided here. Dr. 
Noyes, in 1716, erected here a rude fort 100 feet square, for the purpose of protecting the 
settlers who were coming in rapidly. A sloop named 'Pejepscot' was employed as a 
packet between this Augusta and Boston, carrying out lumber and fish, and bringing back 
merchandise and settlers. The settlement continued until Love well's "War, when the 
houses were burnt and the fort destroyed by the Indians. Among those who came at 
this time were three families of Halls, Clark, Wallace, Wyman, James Doughty, David 
Gustin, Jeremiah Springer, Nicholas Rideout and John Owens." In 1737 an attempt at 
re-settlement was made. — Varney*s Gazetteer of Maine, page 445, article Phipsburg. 



1890.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others. 29 

Ammoskoggin River &c. But after some dayes Travel I found the river 
w is wholley broke up & y e Designed marcli frustreat. Heartily Sorry to 
See y e Governm 1 Disapointed in their Expectations, & willing to take the 
best methods the Season would allow of, I took the pilots advice ec with 
y c concurrance of y e officers, Divided into three partyea who performed 
Several Scouts, an acc tl of which as well as y e reasons I could not inarch 
further into y° Count ivy. I here with present to Your I [ononr & Bhall Trans- 
mit the Same to Colo 1 Westbrook p r the first. I have Given Orders to 
Cap* [Joseph] Heath to repeat his Marches from Kenebeck river to 
Ammoscoggin river & shall Keep y e rest of y e men continually moving 
with Expectation of Speedy Directions from your Honour or my Colon 1 
and have also ordered Cap' (iookin to Repeat his marches from Casco River 
to Puscumscutt falls and from Thence to Ilarrysickett* & [ ] as y c 

Matt' Reci" 

These 120 men y* I have the Honour to Command being most of them 
Old Experienced Souldiers, It's a great grief to the perticnler officers ^v 
no less to my Selfe, that wee were Obliged to march into y" WOOds in BUCh 
a season when wee had not a rational prospect of doing our Countrey 
Service. 

Four of ray Souldiers Coaming from Arrowsick the 22 d instant one of 
them viz George Cary fired his gun att a Tree & an other of y e four called 
Samuel Stockbridge being up a brest with y' Tree Shot at (but three rods 
wid thereof) thought he was Safe; nevertheless the Ballet Struck a Tree 
& Glancing very Straingley did unhappily Kill the s' 1 Stockbridge. Upon 
vewing y e place & Examining the Other souldiers present, I am rally Con- 
vinced the fatal] part of y e action was purely Accidental. However I have 
confin'd y e mau Slayer & pray your Honour will please to give Directions 
in y e matter. I am Your Honours Most 

Hum 1 ' 10 Serv" 

Mass. Archives, 51 : 370. Joiinsox Harmon. t 



Burncoat Harbour* Feb^ 27 th 1722-3. 

May it Please your Honour. 

These are to give you a short Ace 1 of my Proceedings since my last 
w ch was y e 1 th of this Instant : Since w ch we have rang'd amongst y e Islands 
and on y e Main Land, between Kennebeck River and y c Easternmost Side 
of Mount Desart Bay & have met w th nothing worth your Notice, Save 
Numbers of Wigwams on all most every Island, & y e Main Land where 
we have rang'd, w ch we judge were deserted in y e Fall ; 2 French Letters 
Inclos'd w ch were found in John Deny's§ House; as also 2 Small fire Places 

* Rarraseeket, N. E. part of ancient North Yarmouth and Prout's Gore, incorporated as 
the town of Freeport, Feb. 14, 1789- — Coll. of American Statistical Association, i. 83. 

f Captain Johnson Harmon, afterwards Colonel, was a native of York, Maine; served 
under Col. Westbrook and Col. Shadrach Walton; died at Harpswell, Maine, leaving 
descendants. 

X "Burncoat, a large island of Hancock Co., Me., off the entrance to Blue Hill Bay.'' 
Lippincott's Gazetteer. 

6 Letter to Capt. John Penhalloro. 

Mr. Denny has complained to me the L* Gov 1 ", that you do not allow him his Quota of 
Men according to you r Instructions, especially in time of Danger & that what Men you do 
allow him are pick'd from the meanest & worst you have, and that when the Island is full 
of Soldiers you quarter more upon him than his Share ; His Hono r bids me tell you that 
If this Information be true He expects the Grievance be immediately redress'd, And that 



30 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others. [Jan. 

at y e head of Mount Desart Bay w ch we judge had been made about 3 or 4 
Days, Supposing there might have been 4 or 5 Men, who we judge made 
no longer Abode there than just to refresh themselves. We now lye at 
Burncoat Harbour & are ready to proceed to Penobscot, waiting only for 
Wind and Weather, purposing after my Return from Penobscot to send 
you a compleat Journal of my Proceedings w ch I have allready attempted 
but was frustrated in my Designs of finishing it. Having examin'd y e 
Quantity of our Provisions I find that we have not enough to last Us 
exceeding a Month. Our Whale-Boates are so shatter'd & Defective, that 
they're unfit for Men to venture their lives in. We have not one Individual 
thing wherewithal to repair them; on y e Behalf of w ch abovemention'd 
particulars I have sent a Sloop to y e Treasurer expecting a Supply from 
him ; & humbly pray that your Honour wou'd forward that Matter. By 
Reason of My Hurry, & for Want of Conveniences I Can't give your 
Honour so particular an Ace* as I cou'd wish for. 

This being all at present I remain 
Your Honours 

Most Hum ble & Obed* Serv* 

Tho 8 Westbrook. 

P. S. I send you y e Letters just as I rec d them, supposing 
part of one of them was torn off before we found them, & pray that 
your Honour woul'd send me a Coppy of y e Interpretation. 

Superscribed: — Coll. Westbrooks Letters 
Feb. 27 & Mar. 3, 1722. 

North Yarm to have a Garrison allowed. 

Parker Setts forth that there are severall Garrison Houses. 

Eben r Boutel to be released from the Service. 

Mass. Archives, 51: 371. 



Portsm Feb r 28: 1722-3. 
Hon rble S r . 

I Left Col : Westbrook y e 11 th Inst : on Sabbath day night about 
12 of y e Clock. I accompanied him almost as far as Cape Newaggen. he 
proposed to get to Pemmequid before day, he had a fine Night, the weather 
Continued Very favourable, he had the benefit of y e Moon for about a 
Week after, he went w th ab* 230 or 240 men in y e Boats, y* Sloops were 
to Sail in a day or two after to Burnt Coat Harbour. 

Col: Westbrook w* 11 y e Advice of His officers appointed me to Return, 
& Gave me Instructions to Settle the Garrisons According to the appoint- 
ment of y e Gen 1 Court, w ch have gone thro' & fill'd up, Except three or 
four men at Cape porpouse & One at Sauco ferry w ch will be done at my 
Return. I did not find Effective men Eno' in these Places Left to make 
up the Number According to my Instructions. Berwick Scout Came in at 
Sauco falls when I was there, they were much out in their Judgm* as to a 
Direct Course, the Next day I order'd 'em Back & Prevailed with One 
m r Stimpson to go their Pilot, & Six of Sauco falls Scout to Accompany 'em, 
to mark y e Trees on y e Best Land in the most Direct Course for Berwick. 

Mr Denny have equal Justice done him with others both to the Number & Quality of the 
Soldiers & that the Men you Post at his Garrison be sober & orderly. 

Mar. 22, 1722-3. Mass. Archives, 57 : 375. 



1890.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. 31 

I Expect they are by this time Come in, & am tliis minute bound to B 
wick to receive their Return, shall then make the Best of my way to S l 
Georges Pursuant to Orders I have from Col: Westbrook, where I Expect 
to meet him, or further Orders. 

On the 18 th I nst. I meet Cap' Harmon at the Head of CatOO Hay Near 
Harrysicket River, who was Return'd from his March, there being do Snow 

in y' vroods, nor tin; Rivers frozen they Could DOl go far, they went at far 

as Boonamawakeego Ponds, where the Enemy had not been for about live 
or six Months. 

Cup 1 Harmon then divided y c Army into three Part-, Cap 4 Heath was 
to Range upon Kennebeck River, he was not to he in, in 5 or Six d 
after. Cap* Gookins was Come in upon y' Head of Royals R: no 

News. 

Powder, Ball & Flints are wanting for the Garrison al Falm°: Pap- 
poodoe, Spurwink, Ulack Point, Sauce and Cape porpouse, \\ 1' 

Order to he sent to ( USCO & Winter Harbour by y' first Opportunity, to 
be given out to the Several Garrisons, 

I am S r f Bfosl Dutiful] 

' & Ifoflt Ob' Hum: Serv 1 

John Pkmiallow.* 



S l George M h y° W 1722-31 
May it please yo r IIono r 

My last Inform'd yo r honour of my Arivall in Penobscot river, and would 
Crave Leave Now to acquaint you that on y° l :il Instant I Sett out to find 
the fort, and after five dayes march thro' y'' woods wee ari\ed abrest of 
severall Islands where y" pilot Supposed J* Fort must be; here we were 
obliged to make four Canoo's to ferry from Island to Island and Sent a 
Scout of 50 men upon discovery on the 9 th Instant who Sent me word they 
had Discover'd y° Fort & waited my Arivall. I left a Guard of a hundred 
men w th the Provisions & Tents, and with the rest went to y c Scout being 
fore'd to ferry over to them; they had, & wee cou'd see y° Fort but not 
come to it by Reason of A Swift River, and y e Ice at y l heads of y c Islands 
not permitting the Canoo's to come round, we were obliged to make 2 more, 
w th which Wee ferry'd over, and by Six in the Evening Arived at y e Fort, 
Leaving a Guard of 40 men on the West Side of the river, to facillate our 
return. 

The Enemy had Deserted it in y° fall, as we Judge, and carry'd every 
thing with them except y° Inclosed papers, nothing matteriall was found. 
The Fort was 70 yards in Length and 50 iu breadth, Well Stockado'd 14 
foot high furnisht with 23 houses Built regular; on the South side close 
by it was their Chappell, 60 foot Long and 30 Wide Well and handsomely 
finish'd within & without and on y e South of that y e Fryers Dwelling house. 
Wee set fire to them & by Sun rise next morning Consum'd them all. We 
then return'd to our first Guards & thence to Our Tents, & so proceeded to 
y e Sloops being Judged to be 32 Miles Distant. M r Gibson & Severall 

* John Penhallow, of Portsmouth, N. H., son of Samuel, the historian of the Indian 
wars, had for his second wife, Ann, daughter of Hon. Jacob Wendell. He was a captain, 
and died, says Savage, before 1736. See "Memoir of the Penhallow Family," Register, 
xxxii. 31. Mass. Archives, 51 : 372, 373. 

f A part of this letter is given in Mass. Hist. Coll., vol. viii. 264, 2d series, as if written 
by Otis Westbrook, instead of Thomas, as it should have been. There is no reference made 
to this letter of Col. Westbrook in the index to the second series of the Collections. 



32 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. [Jan. 

others Sick with a Guard not being Arived; and when they Arived Wee 
fell down the River At y e Mouth whereof on y e 26 th Current at 3 of y e 
Clock in y e morning the Reverend M r Gibson Dyed. # Wee Arived at 
this place the 20 th Instant where wee Decently Interr'd him, and three 
more of our men with y e usuall form. Wee have 50 men now Sick which 
has Exhausted our stores for y e Sick. I have Wrote to M r Treasurer 
Allen for a fresh supply or y e men Will & do already Suffer Extreamly for 
want. I have made bold to give Liberty to Liev* Buckminster to Wait on 
yo r honour for Leave to See his family while y e forces are Recruiting. 
Liev* Hilton has been 111 all this March and is now grown So weak that I 
am obliged to give him a furlow home, and at his request Given y e Charge 
of his men to Liev* John March a Gentleman of great care & good Conduct 
and One I hope yo r honour Will favour w th a Liev t8 Commission. 

I have not heard from Capt Harmon Since I left him, only as Capt 
Penhallow Iuformes mee he met him at York, & that he return'd from his 
March in 5 or 6 days, tho' yo r Hono r will see by the Inclosed his Instruc- 
tions from mee & what Orders he had. Your honour Will Excuse my 
not Sending a Journall of our proceedings hitherto as I fully purposed to 
do, but am prevented by the badness of y e Weather & Incumbrance of our 
Cabbin by M r Gibsons Sickness & Death, but shall not fail to do it p* next 
op r tunity. Wee are now preparing our whaleboats w th Clabboards &c to 
be in a readiness for Pitching them as soon as any shall arrive that we may 
be ready for a March as soon as wee are furnished with Provisions. With 
all Dutifull Respect I am Yo r Hono rs Most Obedient Humble Serv*, 

Mass. Archives, 51: 376, 377. Tho Westbrook. 



Boston 5 th of Aprill 1723. 
S r 

I haue lately received Several of your Letters y e last of y e 23 d of 
March giveing An Account of your March to Penobscott & distroying the 
Fort &c there : Pursuant to your instructions which I hope will discourage 
The Enemye from Sitting down y r againe. I shall Expect your Journal 
by the first Oppertunitye. The Treasurer has Sent you all Sorts of Sup- 
plys that have been demanded by a Sloop One Wyer Master who Sailed 
about 10 dayes Since & I hope is timely Arrived with you & you'l haue a 
further Supply by this bearer. I am Sorry to Hear so many of your men 
are Sick pray Let y e best Care y* Can bee Taken of them. You will haue 
by this Bearer instructions for your further proceedings after y e 1 st of May 
Which you must take Care to put in Execution with all Exactness : I 
observe what you write on behalfe of [John] March and shall be very glad 
to Encourage a Man you Approve soe well of when there shall be an 
Oppertunitye Cap* Gyles being very desirous of Coming to Boston upon 
some Nessesary affaires. I Desire you 1 Let him know he has Leave: 
Leaving a Charge with his Leu* to take good care of his Garrison in his 
absence. 

To Co 11 Westbrooke I am S r y r Leu 1 

Mass. Archives, Vol. 72, page 81. W m Dummer. 

[To be continued.] 

* Benjamin Gibson, A.M., grad. Harvard College 1719; Chaplain to Col. Westbrook's 
company; " a Preacher and Writing School Master in Boston," says William Winthrop, 
Esq. See note, Mass. Hist. Coll., 2d series, vol. viii. 265. 



1890.] The Butterfields of Middlesex. 33 



THE BUTTERFIELDS OF MIDDLESEX. 

By Geo. A. Gordon, A.M., Member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. 

THE common spelling of the name in New England is Butterfield, and 
the same prevails usually throughout the United States; though 
instances are found of Botfield, of direct German extraction; and, occasion- 
ally, of Boterrille, the French form. In England, the family date their 
arrival from Normandy in the twelfth century. Robert de Buteville held 
two fees in Bedfordshire in 1165 and likewise in Norfolk (Libei Niger). 
John de Buteville was possessed of the lordship of Cheddington, in Bu< 
in 131 G (Palsgrave, Pari. Writs). The nun.' Botevyle occurs in the Battle 
Abbey roll. The estate of Bouteville was near Carentum, in Normandy, 
a town at the mouth of the river Tante, where are yet to be seen old forti- 
fications, a castle and a curious Norman church (The Norman People). A 
branch of the family settled at Church Stretton, Shropshire. The English 
pronunciation indicates a corruption of the German word Botefeld ( liotr, 
a messenger, and fclTj, field, or clearing where the trees have been felledj. 
Similar instances occur in Butterley, Buttermere, Butterwick, Butterworth 
in England, and perhaps Buterville in Ireland; the affix in each case de- 
noting locality — ley meadow, mere pond, wick bay. worth enclosure — where 
the messenger dwelt. Or, the derivation may be from botfeld, which, 
among the Anglo-Saxons, was that portion of the manor, the timber of 
which was reserved for the repairs of the manor house, buildings, &c., and 
the mending of the fences. Such privileges were styled Hay bote (from 
Jaie, hedge, or the land enclosed by it, and bote, repair). The official 
charged with such repairs was styled the I lay ward, whence the modern 
word: as also Hey ward and Howard. Our word botcher, for a blundering 
repairer, is a survival of this same bote in common speech. 

Benjamin 1 Butterfield, from whom the American family chiefly derive 
issue, was at Charlestown, in the Bay Colony, in 1638. He probably 
married in England and brought a little family with him. His name ap- 
pears among the first town orders of Woburu, and, in 1643, he was made a 
Freeman. In 1645, we find his name on the Woburu tax list. In 1652, 
the inhabitants of Woburu petitioned for leave to explore the west side of 
the Concord river. The report was, kk a very comfortable place to accom- 
modate a compauy of God's people." In 1653, Benjamin Butterfield headed 
a petition of twenty-nine, including the petitioners of the preceding year, 
for a tract of land six miles square, " to begin at the Merrimack river, at a 
neck of land next to Concord river," to run southerly on Concord river 
and westerly into the wild country. The spot was known to the natives as 
Naamkeek.* The Indian apostle, Rev. John Eliot, about the same time 
received a grant of " the Great Neck," lying between Pawtucketf falls on 
the Merrimack and the Massic falls on the Concord, as a reserve for the 
Christianized Indians. This tract was known as Wamesit. The six mile 
tract was occupied in 1654 by Butterfield and his associates, and in 1655 

* Naamkeek, or Naamkeag, a fishing place, is cognate to Namoskeag (Manchester, N. 
H.), Naumkeag (Salem, Mass.), Nameaug (New London, Ct.), Namasket (Middleboro', 
Mass.), Nama'auke (East Windsor, Ct.), and Namskeeket (Wellfleet, Mass.). 

f Pau't, to make a loud noise, and auke, a place, descriptive of the waterfall there. 
VOL. XLIV. 4 



34 The Butterfields of Middlesex. [Jan. 

was incorporated as Chelmsford. The line between the Indians and the 
whites was run " on the east side of Butterfield's high way," and was 
marked by a ditch. On this highway Benjamin Butterfield pitched his 
farm and built his house, somewhere within the limits of what is now ward 
iv., Lowell. In 1656, he is named as one of the citizens of Chelmsford, to 
whom the Gov. Dudley farm of 1,500 acres in Billerica was conveyed. In 
1661 his wife died, and 3 June, 1663, he married, 2d, Hannah, the widow of 
Thomas Whitteniore, of Cambridge. In 1666, Newfields, a tract of 241 
acres of intervale, across Stony brook and extending up the Merrimack, 
was granted to Chelmsford. Of this, perhaps the best land in the growing 
town, Benjamin Butterfield obtained 42 acres, the largest share of any one 
person. In 1686, the Indian reservation, Wamesit, was purchased by the 
whites. Three of Butterfield's sons, Nathaniel, Samuel and Joseph, were 
among the grantees (Mdx. Deeds, x. 19). This territory, which had been 
occupied by Wanalancit and his tribe as a cornfield and fishing station, is 
now occupied by the manufactories of Lowell. The purchase included, 
also, 500 acres upon the north and east side of the Merrimack, of " Wilder- 
ness " land, a general term for the unsettled country outside incorporated 
limits. Nathaniel and Samuel Butterfield settled on the Wamesit lands, 
and Joseph in the wilderness, between Tyng's pond and the river. 

Summary. 

1. Benjamin 1 Butterfield, born in England; inhab. of Charlestown, 

1638; Woburu, 1640; Chelmsford, 1654. Died 2 March, 1687-8. 
His wife Ann died at Chelmsford, 19 May, 1661; he married 2nd, 
3 June, 1663, Hannah Whittemore, widow of Thomas. Children: 

2. i. Jonathan, 2 b. in England. 

ii. Mary, b. in England; m. 15 Sept. 1653, Daniel Blogget. She d. 5 
Sept. 1666. 

3. iii. Nathaniel, b. at Woburn, 14 Feb. 1642-3. 

4. iv. Samuel, b. at Woburn, 17 May, 1647. 

5. v. Joseph, b. at Woburn, 15 Aug. 1649. 

2. Jonathan 2 Butterfield {Benjamin 1 ) was born in England, and 

accompanied his parents in their emigration to New England, and 
dwelt with them at Charlestown, Woburn and Chelmsford. He 
married Mary, a daughter of William Dixon, of Cambridge, born 
17 June, 1649-50. He died at Chelmsford, 3 April, 1673. 

17 June 1673. Adm n on the estate of Jona. Butterfield, lately dec' d at Chelms- 
ford, is granted to his father, Benj a Butterfield, and his father-in-law, W m 
Dix, in behalf of y e children of y e said Jonathan. (Mdx. Court Records.) 

An inventory of the estate of Jonathan Buterfielcl who deceased on the 3 d of 
Aprill 1673. Apprized by us &c. the 15 th of April 1673. 

Thomas Hinchman 
(Signed) Joseph Richardson 

Wm Dixon (Mdx. Prob. Registry, lib. iv. fol. 120.) 

He was one of the committee appointed to appraise the estate of Daniel 
Blodget, 18 April, 1672, and, as such, signed the appraisal, in a plain, 
round hand, Jona: Butterfeilde. (Mdx. Court Records.) 

Children : 

6. i. Jonathan. 3 

ii. Mary, b. 1670; m. 1st, Abraham Watson ; m. 2d, Samuel Whitmore. 
She d. 4 Nov. 1730. 

7. iii. (?) Joseph. 

3. Nathaniel 2 Butterfield {Benjamin 1 ) was born in Woburn, 14 





age. 






8. 


ii. 


9. 


111. : 


10. 


lv. 




V. 



1890.] The Butterfields of Middlesex. 35 

February, 1642— 3. Married 31 Di mber, 1669, Deborah Under- 
wood, a daughter of William and Remembrance Underwood. He 
was a husbandman and dwelt at Chelmsford, where his wife died 
•_>:> .June, 1691. 
10 January, 1709—10, he divided his real estate in the north part of 
Chelmsford, between his three sons, Benjamin, Samuel and Nathan- 
iel, giving deeds to each. (Mdz. Deeds, rv. 159, L 60, and xxxvi. 
.V.);).) An entry on the appraisal of the estate of his son, Benjamin, 
in December, 1719, states that he was then living, "76 j 
Children: 

William,' b. 5 Jan. L686. 
Benjamin. 

S VMI II . 

N \ i ii will.. 

Jonathan, m. Mercy Richardson. Both were living in 11 

4. Samuel 1 Bi i terfii ld | Benjamin 1 ) was born in Woburn, 17 May, 

10 17. removed with his father to Chelmsford, where he remained 
till his death in 171 1. He had a wife Mary. His will, Bigned 26 
April, 1703, "Samuel Buterfeld, his mark," was written by Eliezer 
Browne, one of the witnesses, and probated 1 July, 1717). In it, he 
mentions his sons Samuel and Jonathan, and his daughters Mercy, 
Ann, Phebe and Deborah. It lies in the Middlesex Registry with 
the following certificate appended: 

Middx Count v 

This Will of Samuel Butterfleld, late of Chelmsford in the 
county of Midd* dec' d , contained in two sides of tlii— sheet of paper was Exhib d 
for probate p* Samuel and Jonathan Butt irfleld sous of tip- s' i> •" & Ex™ in 
the same named & Jonathan Bowers made <>ath y l he together wth Nathaniel 
Blodgit (now dead) & Eliezer Brown (who now lives In Connecticut Colony) 
Bet to there hands as Witnesses in the Testator's presence .\ thai he sec him 
Mini & seal & heard him publish tin- same to in- his Lasl will and Testament .v 
that he was of sound mind ,v ihis will Is proved & approved a. tin- administracon 
thereof is Committed to the s' 1 Samuel ,\. .Jonathan Butterfleld Executors afore- 
said. Witness my hand ami seal oi' office at Camb. July l* 1716. 

Pr. Fra. Foxcboft Judge Prob forMidd*. 

Children : 

11. i. S VMII'.I,, 3 

ii. Mary, m. 80 dune. 1698, Samuel 3 Spalding (John.- Edward 1 ); re- 
moved in iroi'. to Canterbury, Conn., where she died in L726. Six 
children, three born in Chelmsford and three in Canterbury. 

iii. Ann, m. (prob.) John Davis, son of the Chelmsford blacksmith. 

lv. Phebe, m. Bow, of Plainfleld, Conn. 

v. Deborah, i>. 20 Aug. L687; m. Joseph 3 Cleveland (Josiah,* Moses 1 ) ; 
removed, about 170(>, to Canterbury, Conn. 

12. vi. Jonathan. 

5. Joseph 2 Butterfield (Benjamin 1 ) was born in Woburn, 15 August, 

1649 ; went to Chelmsford with his father's family. He married. 12 
February, 1G74, Lydia Ballard, daughter of Joseph, one of the first 
settlers of Andover. He died in 1720, as his estate was appraised 
on the 22d December, 1720. and inventoried on the same date. The 
following is filed with the inventory in the Middlesex Registry, viz.: 

To the honoured Judge of probats for the County of Middlesex 

Honoured Sir, 

After my servis presented to your honour, these may certifie yon, 
that through age and inflrmityes E am not able to come to Cambridg : I earnestly 
desire that dea. Joshua Fletcher may be put iu Administrator upon the estate 



13. 


i. 


14. 


ii. 




iii. 




iv. 


15. 


v. 




vi. 



36 The Butterfields of Middlesex. [Jan. 

of my deceased husband, for he is an honest man and one that is capable of 
manageing such a work : which if your honour please to grant or alow of your 
honour will much oblige your humble saruant 

Chelmsford September y e 14 th 1728 Lidya Butterfeild. 

(Endorsed) 
Sept. 16 1728. At the desire of the Widow, within named, of Joseph Butter- 
field, only surviving son of said deceased, of Simon Tompson and Ephraim 
Waters, Husbands to two of Deceased's Daughters, Administration on y e said 
Deceased's Estate is granted to Joshua Fletcher of Chelmsford, yeoman. 
Joseph Butterfield of said Town Surety £300 I. R. J. P. 

Children : 

Joseph, 3 b. 6 June, 1680. 

Benjamin. 

Tabitha, b. 29 May, 1687 ; m. Ephraim Waters. 

Isaac, ) k , ~ . 1PQQ f d. 4 Nov. 1689. 

Jacob, }b. 1 Oct. 1689; | 

Anna, m. Simon 4 Tompson (James, 3 Simon, 2 James 1 ), Town Clerk 
of Chelmsford. 

6. Jonathan 3 Butterfield [Jonathan, 2 Benjamin 1 ) was born in 

Chelmsford. Married in Woburn, 20 March, 1 693-4, Ruth, daugh- 
ter of John and Abigail Wright. He was a husbandman at West 
Cambridge, near the Foot of the Rocks, now Arlington. 30 Novem- 
ber, 1696, he witnessed a deed at Charlestown (Mdx. Deeds, x. 
531). In February, 1706, he was one of a scouting party (Green's 
Groton) in the Indian Wars. He died in 1744, as, on 18 June 
in that year, the widow Ruth and sons Jonathan, John and 
William sign the mother's bond as administratrix of the estate of 
Jonathan Butterfeild, late of Cambridge, deceased intestate. The 
widow died 1753-4. Children: 

16. i. Jonathan, 4 b. 1695 ; bapt. 1699. 

ii. Mary, b. 1697 ; bapt. 2 July, 1699 ; m. 25 Oct. 1716, Thomas Frost, 
son of Ephraim and Hepzibah, They dwelt at Menotomy, where 
she died 10 March, 1774. 

17. iii. John, b. 1699 ; bapt. 2 July, 1699. 

iv. Abigail, b. 11 May, 1702; m, Joseph Wheeler. 

v. Ruth, b. 7 Sept. 1704 ; m. William Robbins. 

vi. Jane, b. 7 Aug. 1706; m. 20 July, 1729, George Cutter, son of Ger- 

shom and Mehitable (Abbot) Cutter. She d. 7 May, 1776. 
vii. Lydia, bapt. 3 Dec. 1708. 

18. viii. William, bapt. 24 Sept. 1710. 

ix. Phebe, bapt. 30 Aug. 1713 ; m. Russell. 

x. Deborah, b. 1713 ; bapt. 3 June, 1716 ; m. Samuel Locke, son of 

Francis and Elizabeth (Winship) Locke of Cambridge. They had 

14 children. She d. 7 Sept. 1769. 

7. Joseph 3 Butterfield, probably a son of Jonathan 2 and Mary 

(Dixon) Butterfield, married Elizabeth, daughter of Ezekiel and 
Mary (Bunker) Richardson, of Chelmsford. Children: 

19. i. Joseph. 4 

20. ii. John. 

21. iii. Josiah. 

8. Benjamin 3 Butterfield [Nathaniel 2 Benjamin 1 ) was born in 

Chelmsford, and dwelt there all his days. He had wife, Sarah, 
whom he left a widow at his death, 24 July, 1715. Children: 

22. i. John. 4 

ii. Sarah, b. 23 Sept. 1701 ; m. Zachariah Richardson of Chelmsford. 

12 children, 
iii. Mary, m. 17 Jan. 1737, Samuel Searles of Dunstable, 
iv. Lydia. 
v. Abiah, b. 1715 ; m. 3 Feb. 1737, John Read of Westford. 



1890.] The Butterfields of Middlesex. 37 

9. Samuel 1 Bt tti bfield (Nathaniel? Benjamin 1 ) was born in Chelms- 
ford, where he married 7 December, 1703, Rachel, born 26 Septem- 
ber, 1 1 "..I."), daughter of Dea. Andrew and Hannah (Jeffu) Spalding 
of Chelmsford. In 17ol lie was granted the mm of £4, by the 
Genera] Court of the Colony, for Blaying an Indian. In 1705 he 
was captured by the Indian-, and received shocking treatment. lie 
survived and returned homo. He was a tailor, and died in 17.')7. 
His will, made 24 October, 17.'5 1, and probated 26 December, 17.17. 
is on file at the Middle gistry. Children: 

i. . 

28. ii. I.r.i m /i i:. 4 b. 18 July, L706. 

iii. William, b. 1718 ; m. Rebecca, dan. of Ca] Parker of Chelms- 

ford, and settled in Litchfield, \. II. 
iv. Jonathan, b. L721; had wife Susanna. Ln 1761 he was deer-reef of 

Dunstable. 
v. M\i:v. i). 1722; in. L742, David Fletcher of Weetford. 
vi. Kim < i \. b. L726. 

vii. Joanna, m. 1st, Parker; 2d, Robert Butterfleld (12. iv.). 

\ iii. Rachel. 

i\. II \n\ VII. 

10. Nathaniel 1 Butterfield (Nathaniel* Benjamin 1 ) was horn in 

Chelmsford, where he married 18 January, L697, Sarah, daughter 
of Lieut. William and Sarah ( Richardson) Fletcher of Nottingham 
West She was born 26 .May, L679. He died in 1749, leaving 

Widow Alice and children : 

24. i. N \ i ii win.. 4 

ii. Esther, m. Joseph Kfoores. 
iii. Ltdia, in. Foster. 

11. Samuel* Butterfield (Samuel? Benjamin 1 ) was horn in Chelms- 

ford. Married Tabitha Butterfield, 7 May, 1780. He died in 1742, 
leaving a widow. Tabitha, and an adopted son, David ( 1 2. ii.), bod of 
his brother Jonathan. His will dated 23 January, 1741-2, and pro- 
bated 5 April. 17-12. is on file at the Middlesex Registry. 

12. Jonathan 3 Butterfield (Samuel? Benjamin 1 ) was born in Chelms- 

ford; had wife Elizabeth, who died early, leaving one child: 
i. Elizabeth, 4 m. Adam Gould. 

He married 2d, Elizabeth, a daughter of Thomas and 

Chamberlain of Chelmsford, who survived him. He was an hus- 
bandman. His will, Bigned " Buterfeild," made 10 July, 1728, was 
probated 7 August, 1738. Children: 

David. 4 b. 1702. 
Jon \ i ii w. 

Robert, i>. 1716. 

Sam i EL, of Westford, where lie d. mmi. in 1764. 
Sarah, m. 16 Oct. 1744, Thomas Danforth of Billerica. 
Mart, m. Perham. 

13. Lieut. Joseph 8 Butterfield (Joseph? Benjamin 1 ) was born in 

Chelmsford, 6 June, 1680. He married Sarah, daughter of Ezekiel 
Fletcher. 

On the 27th of November, 1711, in company with a neighbor, 
Joseph Perham, he purchased the Scarlett farm on the east side of 
the Merrimack River, next the Dracut Line, now within the limits of 
Tyngsboro'. This was a domain of 1000 acres, to which he at once 
removed, erected a stockaded house, and dwelt there until his death 
in 1757. The old homestead is still in the possession of his 
vol. xliv. 4* 



25. 


ii. 


26. 


iii. 


27. 


iv. 




v. 




VI. 




Vll. 



38 The Butterfields of Middlesex, [Jan. 

descendants. More than thirty children have been born on it, 
while six generations of Butterfields have dwelt there. His will, 
made 20 September, 1745, provided that his wife should be execu- 
trix, but at the probate of the will, which was presented 26 May, 
1757, we find this: "2 Oct. 1759, Lieut. Varnum, witness to the 
will sworn, the other witnesses being dec d ; the exc x dyed before 
the testator. S. Danforth, J. Pro." Children : 

i. Benjamin, 4 d. unm. ; a soldier at Cape Breton, 1745. 

28. ii. Joseph, b. 1719. 

29. iii. Keuben, b. 1727. 

iv. A daughter, m. Small, and dwelt in Tyngsboro'. 

v. Deborah, m. Moore of Merrimack, N. H. 

vi. Sarah, m. Coburn. 

vii. Hannah, m. 1742, Edward Coburn of Pelham. 

14. Benjamin 8 Butterfield (Joseph* Benjamin 1 ) was born in that 

part of Chelmsford, now Tyngsboro', 1680-85. He had a wife, 
Elizabeth. They dwelt at, or near, Frances hill, now Westford, 
where he died in 1714-15. Children: 

30. i. Benjamin. 4 

31. ii. William, b. 1705. 

iii. Elizabeth, m. 28 Oct. 1728, Samuel Adams of Westford. 

iv. Esther, b. 19 March, 1709; m. 6 Dec. 1731, Benjamin Perham of 

Sutton (Ancestry of Gov. Perham of Maine). 
v. Mary, b. 1712. 
vi. Deborah, b. 1714 ; m. 9 Dec. 1740, James Robbins of Grafton. 

15. Jacob 3 Butterfield (Joseph* Benjamin 1 ) was born in Chelmsford, 

10 October, 1689, a twin with his brother Isaac, who lived but a 
few days. Jacob had a wife, Phebe, who, left his widow, married 
2d, James Dutton. He died in 1728. Children: 

i. Dinah, 4 b. 1712. 

ii. Zachariah, b. 1715 ; a cooper in Westford 1738. 

iii. Aaron, b. 1720. 

iv. Joanna, b. 1722. 

v. Jacob, b. 1724; non compos. 

16. Jonathan 4 Butterfield (Jonathan, 9 Jonathan* Benjamin 1 ) was 

born in Chelmsford, 1695. Baptized in Cambridge in 1699. 
Married in Lexington, January, 1721, Rachel, daughter of John and 
Rachel (Shepard) Stone of Lexington. Rachel was born 6 June, 
1697. They settled in (South) Bridgewater, where he died in 
1769. They had no children. In his will he gave a tankard to the 
Bridgewater church, and the bulk of his estate to his grandniece, 
Rachel Leonard, daughter of Simon and Ann (Smith) Leonard. 

17. John 4 Butterfield (Jonathan 9 Jonathan, 2 Benjamin 1 ) was born in 

Cambridge, where he was baptized 2 July, 1799. He married, 1 
March, 1725-6, Mary (Grant) Hill, widow of Abraham Hill. 
They dwelt in Cambridge, where he was a shoemaker. He died 
childless in 1749, and his widow married 2d, 4 January, 1750, 
Abraham Watson, son of Abraham and Mary (Butterfield, 2. ii.) 
Watson of Cambridge. Watson died 7 October, 1775; and Mary, 
a third time widowed, in March, 1789. 

18. William 4 Butterfield (Jonathan? Jonathan? Benjamin 1 ) was born 

in Cambridge, where he was baptized 24 September, 1710. He 
married, 12 December, 1733, Sarah Robbins, daughter of Nathaniel 
and Susanna (Chandler) Robbins. She was born in 1714, and 
died in 1739. Children: 



1890.] The Butterfields of Middlesex, 39 

i. Mary,* b. 15 Sept. 1734. 

ii. Jonathan, bap. 21 March, 1735-6. 

iii. Mary, bap. 5 February, 1737-8. 

These three died in infancy. In May, 1740, he married 2d, 
Mehitable Chamberlain, with whom he lived twenty years, till his 
death in August, 17G0. His widow became, in 1770, the second 
wife of Samuel Locke, whose first wife had been Mr. Butterfield's 
sister, Deborah (G. x.). All dwelt at Menotomy, near Foot of Rocks. 
Children : 

iv. Sarah, 5 b. 31 May, 1741; d. 24 June, 1771. 

v. William, b. 6 March, 1743. 

vi. Jonathan, b. 27 Jan. L746; in. 1 Aug. 1772, Mary Dixon, and dwelt 

at Chariest own, where he died in 1775. 2 children, 

vii. John, b. 1 1 Jan. 1717. 

viii. Samuel, b. 15 April, 1750; m. 14 July, 1774, Elizabeth Bemis. 

ix. Sarah, b. 16 Feb. L762. 

x. Mary, b. 25 Aug. 1764. 

xi. Arkl, 1). 18 Feb. 1757. 

xii. Stephen, b. 30 Dee. 1759. 

19. Joseph 4 Butt ebfi eld (Joseph? Jonathan' Benjamin 1 ) was born in 

Chelmsford (west part). He married Dorothy, eldest daughter of 
Gershom and Hannah Ileald of Concord. They dwelt in Westford, 
where his name appears on the earliest tax list. He died in 17 11, 
leaving widow and six children. The eldest son came of aire in 
1749, when the widow petitioned the Court as follows: 

Wesford, Dec. y p 8 th 1749. 
To the Honourable Samuel Danford, Esq., Judge of the Probate for the 
County of Middlesex, the following petition humbly Bhoeth Dorathy Butter- 
fleld widow, was wife to Joseph Butterfleld lat of Westford Decased, he 
leving your Petitioner with three akers of land and six Children, the elder is 
Eleazer Butterfleld, being about twenty-one years old hannah Butterfleld being 
about twenty years old, martha Butterfleld being about 18 year old Joseph 
Butterfleld being about 16 vers old, Ebenezer Butterfleld being about 13 years 
old and Dorathy Butterfleld being about 10 years old Your Petitioner Humbly 
Prayeth that you wold be plesed to grant that Liftenant Jabesse Keep of s d 
Wesford be guardian for Ebenezer Butterfleld and Dorothy Butterfleld. Your 
Petitioner humbly Prays that the land be settled on my son Eleser Butterfleld 
your petitioner has given my interest in said lands to my children and is in duty 
bound shall ever Prayes. hear 

Dorthy + Butterfleld. 
mark 
Children : 

i. Eleazar, 5 b. 1727; m. 21 Dec. 1749, Mary Wright. They settled in 

Townsend. 
ii. Hannah, b. 1729. 

iii. Martha, b. 1731 ; m. a Cleveland, and went to Canterbury, Conn, 
iv. JosEPn, b. 1733; became blacksmith at Groton; m. 26 Aug. 1755, 

Susanna Adams. 
v. Ebenezer, b. 1736. 
vi. Dorothy, b. 1739 ; m. Jonathan Fish, and went to Canterbury, Conn. 

20. John 4 Butterfield (Joseph? Jonathan? Benjamin 1 ) was an early- 

settler in Westford, where he had a wife Mary, and children : 

i. Mary, 6 b. 1728. 

ii. Thomas, b. 1730-1. 

iii. Charles, b. 1735. 

iv. Sarah, b. 1737. 

21. Jostah 4 Butterfield {Joseph? Jonathan? Benjamin 1 ) was born in 

Chelmsford; married in 1737 Hannah Farnsworth, of Harvard. 
They dwelt on Frances hill in Westford. Children: 



40 The Butterfields of Middlesex, [Jan. 

i. Josiah, 5 b. 1738 ; soldier in Capt. Lawrence's Company, Nichols's 

regiment, 1758. 
ii. Simeon, b. 1740. 

22. John 4 Butterfield {Benjamin? Nathaniel? Benjamin}) was born 

in Chelmsford and had wife Anna. In Jan. 1728-9, he purchased 
a large portion of the Brenton farm in Naticook; 24 March, 1763, he 
divided his Chelmsford lands between his sons, reserving life interest. 
As, in 1766, the sons sold a large part of this estate, now the most 
valuable part of the city of Lowell, to Thomas Fletcher (Mdx. Deeds, 
lxx. 478), we judge the father must have been dead. Children: 

i. Ephraim, 5 m. 10 March, 1732, Elizabeth Davis of Littleton; dwelt 
in Westford and had : 1, Ephraim, b. 1734, settled at Earmington, 
Me. ; 2, Isaac, who settled at Wilton, Me. ; 3, Abraham, who settled 
on the Kennebec; and 4, Bebecca, who married James Gordon, 
of Wilton, Me. 

iv. Benjamin. 

23. Ebenezer 4 Butterfield (Samuel? Nathaniel, 2 Benjamin 1 ) was 

born in Chelmsford, 13 July, 1706, where he had wife Sarah, and 
where four of his children were born. In 1744, he went to Dun- 
stable. About 1750 his wife died. Children: 

i. Ebenezer, 5 b. 26 Jan. 1732; m. 1760, Elizabeth Emery; had five 
children in Dunstable. In 1790, he removed to Earmington with 
his family. He died there 2 April, 1821. A soldier of the Revolu- 
tion. 

ii. Samuel, b. 24 Eeb. 1738 ; m. 12 Nov. 1761, Hannah Chandler, dau. of 
Moses and Dorothy (Marble) Chandler of Westford, where she 
was born, 27 Aug. 1742. Seven children were born to them in 
Dunstable. In 1781, he removed his family to Earmington, Me., 
of which he was one of the proprietors. He continued a citizen of 
marked prominence till his death, 29 July, 1808. Five more chil- 
dren were born to them in Earmington. 

iii. Leonard, b. 17 Nov. 1740; was twice married and had a family of 
six children ; was a leading military man in Dunstable, and became 
captain. His descendants are in Dunstable to-clay. He died 17 
Nov. 1800. 

iv. Jonas, b. 12 Sep. 1742 ; wife Esther. In 1776 he was corporal of the 
" training band," and served two years in the Revolutionary army. 
In 1781 he went to Earmington, Me., with his wife and four chil- 
dren, and settled on one of the most valuable farms on the Sandy 
river, where he died, 22 June, 1826. 

v. Sarah, b. 23 June, 1746. 

vi. Mary, b. 3 Oct. 1748 ; m. 1st, Peter Parker, and went with him to 
Farmington, Me. On his decease, she m. 2d, John French Woods, 
and lived to be 96 years of age, dying 16 Oct. 1844. 

Mr. Butterfield married 2d, Alice , and had by her three 

more children. He and his wife signed the Church covenant in 
Dunstable in 1757. His sons were notable for their military careers, 
and, after the restoration of peace, for their successful emigration to 
new lands. Children : 

vii. Jesse, 5 b. 28 April, 1752 ; was in the battle of Bunker Hill, a member 
of Capt. Cummings's Continentals, and a tried and true soldier of 
the Revolution. In 1780, he married Lydia, dau. of Josiah and 
Jemima Blodget, and, at the close of the war, they went with two 
young children to Farmington, Me., where they prospered. He 
died 6 February, 1842, aged 90. 

viii. Rachel, b. 8 October, 1754. 

ix. Philip, b. 8 October, 1757; also a continental soldier; was twice 
married and settled at Wilton, Me. He had wife Mary and eight 
children. 



1890.] The Butterfields of Middlesex. 41 

24. Nathaniel 4 Butterfield {Nathaniel,* Nathaniel? Benjamin*) was 

born in Chelmsford; married and had two sons, Nathaniel and 
Elijah,' the latter of whom deceased in early manhood. He was a 
soldier in the French War, and died on the Crown Point expedition, 
in 1758. 

25. David 4 Butterfikld [Jonathan* Samuel, 2 Benjamin}) was horn in 

Chelmsford in 1712. In 1724, he was adopted by his ancle Sam- 
uel (9) who was childless, and in 17 12 inherited his whole esl 
He married Kezia, who, with his adopted mother, Tabitha, were 
widows on the estate at his decease in 176 I. Children : 

i. Samuel, 1 i>. i 749-50. 

ii. Ki./ia. m. Benjamin Shed of Billerica, who died L9 Dec. 1760, and 

Bhe in. 2d, in 17t;.'), Datld Stickney, and removed to Grafton, Vt. 

iii. Jean. 

iv. Esther. 

v. Sarah, in. Jacob Manning of BilliTira. 

vi. , in. Dennis BdcLane. 

26. Jonathan 4 Butterpield [Jonathan,* Samuel? Benjamin 1 ) was horn 

in Chelmsford and Bottled in Westford, at Millstone hill. Was a 
soldier in the French War, serving from 1755 to 1761, in which 
year he was Captain. Be signed his will 22 Nov. 17,57. like his 
father, " Buterfeild," and left his estate in equal divisions to his 
three sons. Children : 
i. Jonathan,* perhaps wenl t.> Pepperell, where had wife Lydla, and 

children Mary. Rachel and Sybil. 

ii. Kr.i i:r\. 

iii. Samuel. 

27. Robekt 4 1>uttei:fiei.d {Jonathan,* Samuel,* Benjamin 1 ) was born 

in Chelmsford, in 1716. Married 7 January, 1714—5, Mehitable 
Boynton, by whom he had four children : 

i. Mehitable, 4 b. 1745; d. young. 

ii. Robert, b. 1747. 

iii. Joel, b. 1749; d. young. 

iv. Elizabeth, b. 1752. 

His wife died in 1752, and he married the next winter, 24 Feb. 
1752-3, Joanna Parker, a widow, and daughter (51) of Samuel 
Butterfield, the tailor. Robert was a sergeant in the French War, 
and died at Lake George, 23 October, 1756. Child: 
v. James, b. 1755. 

28. Capt. Joseph 4 Butterfield {Joseph* Joseph* Benjamin 1 ) was born 

in what is now Tyngsboro', in 1719. He grew up in what were the 
palmy days of colonial life. The savages were gone, the bear and 
the deer were plenty. The farms were fertile and crops abundant. 
No political storm disturbed the serenity of the frontier. Money 
was scarce, the churches and the schools poor, but game and fish were 
plenty. The neighbors Perhams, Richardsons, Coburns, Varnums, 
Fletchers and Parkers were of a merry, festive character. Families 
were large and healthy, good cheer was abundant, and, though 
their lives were plain, their happiness was substantial. Capt. Joseph 
Butterfield married Elizabeth, daughter of Capt. William and Eliza- 
beth (Coburn) Richardson, of Dracut, where she was born 27 July, 
1724. Their homestead in Tyngsboro' is now the " town farm." 
He died 4 April, 1786; and his widow, 26 February, 1808. Chil- 
dren : 



42 The Butterfields of Middlesex, [Jan. 

i. Asa, 5 b. 1759 ; m. Abiah dau. of Timothy Coburn of Dracut ; had a 
family of four sons and one daughter, whose descendants are in 
Tyngsboro', or the vicinity, Capt. Asa died, a very old man, 2 
March, 1853. 

ii. Sarah, m. 12 Dec. 1705, Ebenezer Varnum. 

iii. Rachel, m. 12 Dec. 1771, Bradley Varnum. 

iv. Mercy, m. 1st, Elijah Fletcher, 2d, Isaac Pike. 

v. Elizabeth, m. David Cummings. 

29. Reuben 4 Butterfield (Joseph? Joseph, 2 Benjamin 1 ) was born in 

Tyngsboro' in Oct. 1727, and was the youngest of his father's family. 
He was a suckling child till into his ninth year, and grew to be 
broad-shouldered and of great strength. He was the champion 
athlete of his settlement, and could leap twelve feet. He married, 
in 1745, Mary Richardson, b. 18 April, 1728, a sister of his brother 
Joseph's wife. He was early in the Revolution of 1775-83, with 
his sons, and soon was a captain. He was a participant in most of 
the engagements of the Northern army. After the war, he returned 
to Tyngsboro' and spent the remainder of a long life on his farm, 
where he died 22 February, 1816. Children: 

1. Mary, 5 b. 6 Jan. 1746 ; m. Abiel Coburn, had seven children, and died 

1 Feb. 1840. 
ii. Reuben, b. 30 May, 1749 ; a member of Capt. Bancroft's company at 

Bunker Hill ; subsequently a sergeant, and killed at White Plains 

18 Oct. 1776. 
iii. Levi, b. in 1751 ; d. in infancy, 
iv. Levi, b. 29 Dec. 1753 ; a member of Bancroft's Company, Bridge's 

regiment, 1775 ; afterwards a seaman, and engaged in privateering, 

in which he was taken prisoner and carried to England. On his 

way home, he died at sea. 
v. Joseph, b. 20 May, 1756 ; m. Elizabeth Bancroft, went to Milford, 

Me., and died there 15 May, 1787. No children. 
vi. Sarah, b. 8 Jan. 1759 ; m. William Sherburne of Pelham, where 

she d. 23 Oct. 1833. 
vii. James, b. 22 June, 1762 ; m. 27 Dec. 1787, Abigail Wilson, and spent 

his life on the "Homestead," where he d. 28 Nov. 1856. Six 

children, 
viii. Abner-Richardson, b. 24 July, 1764; m. 23 Oct. 1791, Hepzibah 

Buttrick, and d. 6 March, 1851. Nine children. 
ix. Deborah, b. 7 May, 1767; m. 14 April, 1791, Reuben Richardson of 

Dracut. She d. Dec. 1825. Eight children. 
x. Benjamin, b. 16 Aug. 1770; m. Eliza, dau. of Jabesh Coburn of 

Dracut. He d. November, 1853. Four children, 
xi. William, b. 7 May, 1775 ; m. in 1800, Rebecca Queen, of Tyngsboro', 

where they dwelt till his death, 19 July, 1849. No children. 

30. Benjamin 4 Butterfield (Benjamin? Joseph? Benjamin 1 ) was 

born in Chelmsford, dwelt in Westford, had wife Kezia, was an en- 
sign in Choate's regiment at the siege of Louisburg, 1745, and died 
1747. Children: 

i. Ruth, 5 b. 1724; m. 4 April, 1749, Aaron Chandler. 

ii. Benjamix, b. 1726 ; husbandman ; m. 26 Sept. 1748, Susanna Spalding, 
dau. of Jacob, of Chelmsford. They removed to Lunenburg, and 
ultimately to Brattleboro', Vt. 

iii. John, b. 1728; housewright; m. 2 Oct. 1750, Martha Trull, removed 
in 1756 to Narragansett No. 6 (Templeton). in 1759 to Groton, in 
1761 to Harvard, and in 1764 to Shirley. Had : 1, Benjamin, b. 29 
March, 1751; 2, John, b. 28 July, 1753; 3, Abel, b. 5 Feb. 1756, 
whose arm was torn off in a cider mill, 9 Sept. 1763; 4, Henry, b. 
14 March, 1759; 5, Kezia, b. 28 Aug. 1761; and 6, Martha, b. 14 
April, 1764. 

iv. Timothy, b. 1730. 



1890.] Deaths in Milton, Mass. 43 

v. Kk/.ia. b. 1788: m. 28 .June, 1755. Josiah Nutting. 
vi. Mary, b. l?:!5; m. 10 April, 1755, Lemuel Perham, of Dunstable. 
Six children. 

vii. AJBEL, 1). 172>7 ; d. 1715. 

viii. Jonas, b. 1740. 

ix. Isaac, b. 1712; m. 8 Dec. 1772, Ruth Spalding, dan. ofDea. Andrew 

and Mehitable (Chandler) Spalding of Chelmsford. 
x. James, b. 1744. 

31. William 4 Butterpield [Benjamin* Joseph," Benjamin 1 ) was born 
in Chelmsford in 1705. Married Bathsheba Shepard, daughter of 
Abraham, of Concord. They dwelt at Prances bill, Westford, 

where his naine appears on the first tux list, 1730. At the earliest 
town meeting, 1734, lie was elected hog-reeve. lie died in West- 
ford, in 1785, and his widow in 1793. Children: 

i. Rebecca,* b. L729; m. l Nov. 175:;. ESben Ball of Townsend. 

ii. Lucy, b. 17:51 ; m. u Sept. 1765, Jacob Wright, Jr. 

ill. W i i.i.i \m, I). 1784 ; d. g. p., 1798. 

iv. Hannah, b. 17."»7: m. Lemuel Potts of Townaend. 

v. Peter, b. 1789; Boldier in the French war 1767, and in the Revolution 

177."> ttled in Townsend, where and in Boston descendants 

have been merchants. 
vi. Abraham, b. L741; a soldier in the French War, and died at Crown 

Point, N. v., 21 Sept. 1760. 
vli. Olive, b. L748; d. 21 Jan. L749 

viii. S sMi'r.i., 1). 17 15. 

ix. Bathsheba, in. Lawrence. 



DEATHS IN MILTOX, MASS. 

Communicated by the late Daniel T. V. Huntoon, Esq., of Canton, Mass. 

Memorandum of Deaths in Milton. 

1774. Jany 6th. Capt Lemuel Bent aged 46 years 8 rnos. 
Jany 9th. Mr Joseph Bent aged 39 years. 

Feb 16th. Mr John Newton aged 86 years. 

" Betsey Swift daughter to Mr John Swift. 

" A son to Mr Elijah Keys. 

April 15th. A son of Mr John Marshals. 
May 6. Mrs Sarah Scott wife of Mr Ebe r Scott. 

" 29th. Mr Antony Gulliver aged 70 years. 
June 21. Lemuel Peirce son to Mr William Peirce. 

" 30. Chloe Peirce daughter to Mr William Peirce. 
Aug 7th. Mrs Susanna Badcock wife of Mr Nathan Badcock. 
Nov 16. Mrs Sarah Adams wife of Mr John Adams. 
Dec 2d. Mrs Bulah Marshal, wife of Mr Josiah Marshal. 

1775. Jan 9th. Mrs Prudence Houghton wife of Mr Ebenezer Houghton 

Jr46. 
Jan 28th. Mr John Badcock. 
Feb 3d. William Cooper Gardner, son to Dr Gardner, 9 years. 

" 28th. Mrs Esther Vose wife of Mr Nathan Vose, 23. 
March 15th. Mr Moses Fenno aged 29 years. 
" 27. Mr Thomas Vose aged 35 years. 



44 Deaths in Milton, Mass, [Jan. 

April. Mrs Mary Cooper, relix of the late Rev Mr Cooper. 
May. Miss Jane Smith. 
June 19th. Miss Abigail Marshal. 
June 30th. Mr Edward Crane aged 70 years. 
July 8th. Mr Zephaniah Walker aged 21 years. 
July 15 th. William Tucker son to Mr Amariah Tucker. 
" 28th. Mr. Bicknell. 

" Mr Joseph Hunt aged 79 years. 

Aug 16th. Mr. Enoch Horton. 
" 18. A child of Mr John Bents. 
" 21. A child of Mr Seth Packhards. 
" 28. Capt Jeremiah Tucker aged 63 years. 
Sept 2d. Miss Rachel Vose aged 32 years. 
" 3d. Mrs Sarah Houghton, wife of Mr Ebenezer Houghton aged 75. 
" 4th. Mary Wadsworth daughter of Mr Elijah Wadsworth. 
A child of Mr Andrew Adams. 
Fanny Vose daughter of Mr Daniel Vose 9 mts. 
Mrs Sarah Bowker wife of Mr Learzarus Bowker & Josiah 

Vose, son of Josiah Vose. 
A child of Mr Seth Packards and Anne Glover daughter to 

Mr Joshua Glover. 
The Widow Mary Vose aged 69 years. 
Joanna Horton daughter of Mr Elijah Horton. 
Samuel Davenport son of Mr Nathaniel Davenport. 
Miss Hepzibah Glover aged 15 years. 
Ebenezer Tucker son of Mr Ebenezer Tucker aged 10 years. 
Mr Joshua Vose aged 33 years. 
Listcomb Houghton son of Mr Thomas Houghton & Mrs 

Mary Abrams wife of Mr Nathaniel Abrams. 
The Widow Simson. 

Esther Tucker daughter of Mr William Tucker, & Miss Lydia 
Canady. 

A child of Mr Joseph Badcocks. 
Mr David Blake. 
Mr Ebenezer Wadsworth. 
" " Benjamin Vose son of Mr Benjamin Vose. 
" 10th. Mr. Ezekiel Blake. 
" 14th. Mrs Elizabeth Whitney. 
Dec. 3d. A child of Samuel Jones. 
" 6th. The Widow Zibiah Whitney. 
" 11th. Mr John Wadsworth. 
" 22d. A child of Mr Joseph Jones. 
" 31. Mr Josiah Brown. 
1776. Jan 8th. Mr Caleb Lane. 
Jan 12th. Mrs Hannah Badcock. 
" 13th. A child of Mr Wimano. 
" 16th. Mr Simon Blake. 
« 19th. Mr John Keys. 
" 20th. Mrs Wiman wife of Mr Wiman. 
" 30th. Mrs Bathsheba Thacher relix of the late Mr Thacher. 
" 31. Mr Vevian Daniel. 
Feb 7th. Mr Benjamin Sumner. 
" 11th. Silas Houghton son of Silas Houghton. 



it 


6th. 


tt 


9th. 


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11th. 


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15th. 


it 


18th. 


it 


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a 


27th. 


tt 


29th. 


tt 


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Oct 1st. ' 


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it 


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Nov 3d. 



Feb. 


22(1. J 


u 


23d. IV 


March 4 th. 


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30th. 



1890.] Deaths in Milton, Mass. 45 

Mrs Sarah Badcock. 

Mrs Elizabeth Henshaw & John Davis son of Mr Lemuel 

Davis. 

A child of Miss Bebekah. 

Robert Calf son of Mr Joseph Calf, and Capt Samuel 
Miller. 

Rebeckah Crane (laughter of Mr Amariah Crane. 
Mr. Joseph Calf. 
Mr William Vose. 
Mr Samuel Tucker. 

Lieut Jessaniah Tucker and Mr John Marshall. 
June 22d. Phioeas Bronsdon boo of Mr John Bronsdon. 
July 8. INIrs Martha Marshal widow of the late Mr. John Marshal. 
" Mr Nauui Badcock at dowu Point, son of Mr George Badcock. 
" 12th. Elijah Wadsworth al New York. 
Aug. lGth. Mrs Susanna Blake and child wife of Mr Bnos Blake. 
u Mr Josiah Marsha] son ol Mr John Marshal. 
" 25th. Samuel Tockei son of Mr Joseph Tucker. 
" 29th. Betsey Glover daughter to Mr John Glover. 
Sept 15th. Mr Joseph Haughton Jr at Crown Point. 
" Mr George Badcock Jr at Crown Point. 

Oct 22d. Mr Moses Blake. 
Oct 30. A child of Mr Jonathan Taunts. 
" 31. A child of Mr Samuel Williams. 
Nov 2d. Mr Isiah Crehore. 
u 5th. JNI ]• Samuel Williams. 
u 8th. Mr Nathaniel Tucker aged 28 years. 
" 9th. Mr Stephen Badcock aged 28 yean. 
" 11th. Mrs Elizabeth Vose wife of Mr Oliver Vo 
Dec. 2d. Mrs Bussey wife of Mr Benjamin Bussej of Stoughton. 
" A child of Mr Johu Celtons. 
1777. Jan'y 22d. Mr Nathan Ilorton. 

M 24th. John Randal son to Mr Samuel Randal. 
" 31st. Mr Nathan Badcock. 
Feb 5th. Elijah Vose son to Col Joseph Vose. 
" 10th. A child of Mr Amariah Tuckers. 
" 12th. A child of widow Martha Hortous. 
" 14th. Mr Joseph Houghton. 
" 22. A child of Mr Seth Blakes. 
" 27. Mr Sarah Talbot, wife of Mr George Talbot. 
March 6. Miss Susanna Soper Sumner. 

" 27th. Mr James Smith son of Mr Jeremiah Smith. 
" 30th. Miss Amy Annis & John Calf son of the late Mr Joseph 
Calf. 
April 3. Mrs Mary Sumner. 
" 14th. A child of Mr Gills. 
" 20. Mr Richard Clark aged 72 years. 
May 16. William Reed son to Mr James Reed. 

" 15th. Mrs Horton wife to Mr David Horton. 
July 2d. Mrs Esther Wadsworth, widow of the late Deacon Wadsworth. 
Aug 19. A child at Mr Stephen Davenports at nurse. 

" 29. Joseph Cummins son of Mr Joseph Cummins. 
Oct 9. Mrs Vose wife of Mr Samuel Vose. 
VOL. xliv. 5 



46 Deaths in Milton, Mass. [Jan. 

Oct. 18. Peter Vose son of Mr Samuel Vose. 
Nov 2. A child of Mr John Hannons. 
" 10th. Mr John Pitcher. 

" " Mrs Sukey Havloyn, wife of Mr. Havloyn. 
In the army this summer Mr Joseph Scott. 
November in the army Mr Joseph White and Mr Soloman 
Weld, and Mr Benjamin Badcock and Mr Nathaniel 
Daniel. 

1778. Jan. A child of Mr Lewis Miller. 

" 18th. Doc Samuel Gardner. 
Feb. 16. Mingo, a Negro man. 
Mch 30. A child of Mr Ebenezer Bents. 
April 3. Madame Belcher. 

" 23. John Badcock son to Majr Joseph Badcock. 
May 6. Mr Jeremiah Sumner. 
" " Mr Stephen Crane. 
" 21st. Mr Samuel Henshaw. 

" 26. Thomas Vose son of Mr Josiah Vose and Rachel Bradley 
daughter of Mr John Bradley. 
May 28. Avis Davenport, daughter to Mr. Nat Davenport. 
June 2d. Mr Lemuel Houghton aged 17 years. 
" 19. A child of Mr John Marshal. 

" 24th. Mrs Mary Gardner relix of the late Doc* Samuel Gardner. 
Aug. 3d. A child of Capt Aveses. 

" " " Mr Benjamin Peirces. 

" " " " Wilsons. 

" " " the widow Mary Sanders. 

Sept 8th. The widow Abigail Vose. 
" 10. A child of Mrs Anne Hunts. 
" 14th. Josiah Badcock son of Mr William Badcock. 
" 26. A child of Mr John Bents. 
Oct 8th. Keziah Crane, and Stephen Tucker son of Mr Ebenezer 
Tucker. 
" 28. A child of Mr Ebenezer Cranes. 
Nov 9. Lemuel son of Mr Ebenezer Tucker. 
" 10th. A child at nurse at Mr Silas Houghtons. 
" 23. Mrs Elizabeth Horton, wife of Mr John Horton aged 23 years. 
" 29. The widow Milatiah Crane, aged 68 years. 

1779. Feb 15. Mr David Horton. 

May 1. A child of widow Ruth Daniels. 

" 23. Mr Samuel aged 77 years. 

Sept 15th. Stephen Wadsworth, son of Mrs Susanna Wadsworth. 
Sept 22. Sally Wadsworth daughter of Mrs Susanna Wadsworth aged 

16 years. 
Sept 25. The Widow Bradford. (?) 
Oct 31. Mrs Mary Marshal wife of Mr Josiah Marshal. 
Oct 26. The Widow Jane Stewart. 
Nov 30. A child of Mr Nathaniel Humphrys. 
Dec. Doc* Jesse Tucker at Newfound Land. 

1780. Jan 13th. Mr Joseph Cummins. 

" 23. " Justus Soper. 

" " A child of Doc* Adams. 

April 14. Dublin, a negro man of Mr Brooms. 



1890.] Deaths in Milton, Mass. 47 

May. A child of Mr John Marshall. 
June. A child of Mr Ebeneser Badcocks. 

Aug 3d. Porapey. a negro man of Mr John Newton. 

" A child of Mr Oliver Voses. 

" A child of Mr Timothy CrehOFM. 

" A negro child belonging to Mr Broom. 

Oct 19. Mrs Elizabeth Marshall. 

November. At New York, Mr Seth Tucker son of Mr Joseph Tucker, 
and Mr Nathaniel Rawson, son of Capt David Rawson. 
Dec. Mr David Hoys. 

1781. Jan 21st. Mrs Sarah Henshaw wife of Mr Samuel Hnshaw. 

" 25. Mrs Thankful Blake, wife of Mr Jamei Blake. 
June 24. Mrs Eunice Peirce wife of Mr William Peirce. 
Aug 2. A child at nurse at Mrs Abigail Crane's. 
Sept 12th. A child of Mr Thomas. 

" 23. Mr Jedediah Crehore. 
Nov C>. A child of Mr David Sumner Jr. 
Dec 22. Amariah Sumner aged 80 years. 
Feb 2. Samuel Henshaw, son of Mr Samuel Henshaw, aged one month. 

1782. Feb 1. Mrs Elisabeth Holbrook, wife of Dod Amos Holbrook. 
Mar 10. Lemuel Tucker SOD of Mr Timothy Tucker. 

" Mr Edward ( Jarduer. 

April 9. Madame Elizabeth 1 ejed 66 years. 

" 20. A child of Dr Amos Holbrooks. 
k 22. The widow Hannah Blake aged 81 years. 
June 21. Mrs Jones wife of Mr Jones. 

" 23. Susanna Pollock daughter of Mrs Susanna Pollock. 
July 2. Mr James Nelson Boys aged 22 years. 
Aug 23. Mr Thomas Swift aged 71 years. 
Sept 14. Miss Esther Ilorton, 20 years. 

" 2G. Mrs Susanna Soper Relix of the late Mr. Justus Soper. 

" 29th. Enos Houghton son of Mr Ralph Houghton. 
Oct 12. Mr Seath Adams. 

Nov 14. Mrs Haden, wife of Mr Moses Haden. 
Dec 26. Mrs Patience Horton wife of Mr Benjamin Horton, GO. 

1783. Jan 19th. Ruth Ilorton daughter of Mr John Horton. 
" 25. Mr Ehenezer Houghton aged 86 years. 

Feb 18. Mr Ebenezer French aged 71 years. 
March 6. Mrs Abigail Crehore wife of the late Mr Isaiah Crehore aged 

83 years. 
" 13. Lemuel Vose aged 20 years. 

April. Mrs Rebecca Guliver Relix of the late Mr Stephen Guliver. 
May 8. A son of William Bugbee. 
July 2. Mr George Badcock aged 56 years. 
" 4. Edward Rogers Vose son to Mr William Vose aged 3 years. 
" 10. A son of Mrs Simmons. 
" 21. Mr Galaspe. 

" 24. Ebenezer Vose son of Mr William Vose. 
Aug 12. William Tucker son of Mr Ebenezer Tucker. 
Sept 6. Lemuel Vose son of Mr Jesse Vose. 

" 16. Mr Edward Jones aged 43 years. 
Oct 24. Miss Ruth Crane daughter of Mr Seth Crane. 
Nov. 26. Enoch Davenport son of Mr. William Davenport aged 15 
months. 



48 Deaths in Milton, Mass* [Jan. 

Dec 26. Mrs Mary Tucker wife of Deacon Ebenezer Tucker. 
" 27. Mr Thomas Burgil Capernaum. 
" 28. Mr Isaac Billings (80). 

1784. Jan 16. Mr Asa Dammon. 
Feb 12. Mrs Abigail Wadsworth. 

March 2. Mr Stephen Davenport aged 80 years. 

" 19th. Mrs Mary Rawson, consort of Mr David Rawson Esq. 
April. A child of John Marshall's. 

" " " " Isaac Daniels. 

u 22. Mrs Judith Swift consort of Mr Ebenezer Swift aged 55 
years. 

" 27. Mrs Sables consort of Mr John Sables. 

" 28. Negro woman of Mr Robert Williams. 
May 19. Mrs Elizabeth Sumner aged 48 years the consort of Col. 

Seth Sumner. 
July 13. Mr Thomas Smith of Dorchester. 
Sept 26. Mr Elisha Thacher Fenno aged 22 years. 
Nov 28. Mr Crosby of Boston. 

Dec 19. Waitstill Glover. Consort of the late Mr Antony Glover. 
" Mrs Lyon, consort of Mr Benjamin Lyon. 

1785. Feb 5. A child of Mr Joseph Fenno. 

Feb 6. Mrs Deborah Smith, consort of the late Mr Thomas Smith. 

" 27. Mr Moses Haden 84 years. 
March 10. A child of Mr Hosea Whiteing. 
April 29. Miss Elizabeth Henshaw, daughter of the late Mr Samuel 

Henshaw. 
May 9. Mrs Judith Crane, consort of Mr Henry Crane Jr. 
June 30. Mrs Whiteing consort of Mr Hosea Whiteing. 
July 8. Mrs Bugbe, consort of Mr Wm Bugbe. 

Esther Crane daughter of Mr David Crane, 18 mo. 

Miss Mary Crehore aged 26 years the daughter of Mr John 

Crehore. 
Joseph Gould aged 10 years, son of Mr William Gould. 
Mrs Miriam Vose aged 56 years, consort of the late Mr Robert 
Vose. 

A child of Mr Samuel Hunts. 
Joseph Daniel aged 21 son of the late Mr Vevian Daniel. 
Mr William Crane aged 41 years. 

Lucy Tucker aged 8 years daughter of Mr Amariah Tucker. 
Mr William Haughton [Horton]. 

Mrs Lydia Crehore aged 26 years consort of Mr William Bowen 
Crehore. 
" 19th. Mrs Miriam Billings aged 55 years consort of the late Mr. 

Ebenezer Billings. 
" 21st. Mrs Mary Clap, consort of the late Mr Stephen Clap. 

1786. Jan. 22d. Mrs Roach wife of Capt Roach. 

" Miss Peggy Griffin. 

Feb 15. Mr Samuel Sumner. 
" " Mr Ebenezer Bent. 
July. A child of Mr Wild's. 
July 20. Mr Brown at Mr Robert Williams. 
Aug 31. Miss Lydia Robbins aged 27. 
Sept 9. A child of Mr Lemuel Capens. 



Aug 7. 


" 8. 


Oct 10. 


" 25. 


" 31st. 


Nov 5. 


" 10. 


" 11. 


Dec 5. 


" 6. 



1890.] Deaths in Milton, Mass. 49 

Nov. A child of Mr Joshua Kingsbury. 

1787. March 2. Mrs Mehitable Crehore widow of the late John Crehore 

aged 93 [83]. 
March 20. A child of Mr Joshua Briggs. 

" Ann Hunt daughter of Miss Ann Hunt aged 17. 

" 23d. A child of Mr Hezakiah Reed Miller. 
April. Mr. Robert Williams. 

May 5. Mr. Thomas Crane Jr of Stoughton son of Thomas Crane Esq 
of Milton. 
u 10. Mrs Esther Pierce wife of Mr Charles Pierce aged 22. 
" 11. A child of Mr Seth Bassetts. 
July 3. The widow Elizabeth Ingraham. 

" 29. Mr Jonathan Field. 
Aug. 3. Mr. Benjamin Ilorton 74. 
" 3. Mrs Hunt wife of Mr Brimsment Hunt. 
" 3. Mrs Clark widow of the late Mr Richard Clark. 
" 15. Miss Judith Clap. 
Sept 14. Ambrose Davenport son of Adam Davenport, aged 3 years. 
Sept 20. Mrs Bois widow of the late Mr David Bois aged 91. 
Dec 21. Mr Francis Loud. 

22. Mrs Mehitable Pierce wife of Mr. Lancelot Peirce aged 63. 

1788. Jan 11th. A child of Dr Barkers, 

" 17. Mr. Randall aged G9 years. 
Feb 8. Mr Stephen Clap aged 35 years. 

March 14. Mrs Submit Henshaw, widow of the late Mr S amuel Henshaw 
April 19. Mr. Joseph Shepherd. 
May 4. Lemuel Ford son of Mr James Ford. 
August. A child of Capt David Tucker. 
Au£ 17. " " " Mr Lemuel Davis. 
Sept. Mr Ebenezer Clap. 
Sept 17. Mr. Joshua Glover aged 51 years. 
Oct 2d. Mr. Ebenezer Vose aged 51 years. 

" 5th. Mrs Bathsheba Blake wife of Ziba, 51 years. 

" 8. Miss Eunice Peice aged 18 years. 
Nov 12. Mrs. Blake consort of Mr. Joseph Blake. 

" 24. Jamaca, A negro man of Miss Foye's. 
Dec 5. Miss Sarah Hutchinson. 

" 17. Mr Nathan Ford. 

" 17. Miss Lydia Clap. 

1789. Feb 2. Miss Sally Williams, daughter of Col. E. Williams aged 21. 

" 16th. Col William Taylor aged 74. 

" 17. Mrs Patience Holbrook wife of Dr Holbrook aged 25. 
May 1. Mr Ridge way. 
" 16. Mr. Moses Babcock. 
" 22. Mr Joseph Tucker aged 63 years. 
Oct 7. Eunice Rawson daughter of Mr D. Rawson 3 years. 

" 15th. Hannah Rawson daughter of Mr Dier Rawson, 1 year. 
Nov. 7. Mr. Moses Glover aged 59 years 8 months. 
" 11th. Mr David Sumner aged 73. 
" 14th. Mr Ebenezer Horton aged 74. 
1790. Jan 1. Miss Abigail Leeds aged 21. 
March 2. Mr Benjamin Hatch aged 20. 
April 4. Mr Ebenezer Fenno aged 46. 
vol. xliv. 5* 



50 Axtells of America. [Jan, 

April 13. Mrs Mehitable Calf. 

" Mr. Lemuel Trot. 

" 1 6. Mr Jeremiah Smith. 

" 22. Mr Jonathan Vose. 

" Mr Ebenezer Badcock. 
May. A child of Mr Simeon Horton's. 

" 12. Miss Hannah Horton. 

Memo. 

Oct 1 1789. Died at Marshfield Mr Jeremiah Phillip. 

May 17, 1790. I began the school at the west end of the town. 

On outside of the old book, Polly Bent Jan 1, 1784. 



AXTELLS OF AMERICA. 

By William S. Appleton, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

THE connection with this country of the name and family of 
Axtell is decidedly interesting. Several years ago I com- 
municated to the Register, XXII. 143, Notes on the Axtell 
family, giving a short account of Thomas Axtell of Sudbury and his 
descendants, of whom his grandson, Daniel, moved for a time to 
South Carolina. Unfortunately Thomas of Sudbury did not put 
himself so fully on record as two others of the name, whose wills 
are found at London. Mr. Savage says in the Genealogical Diction- 
ary of New England, under Axtell, "Nathaniel, New Haven 
1639, intend, to go home, made his will 27 Jan. 1640, and d. in 
few wks. bef. embark, at Boston." Mention of such will is also 
found in the Records of the Colony of New Haven, but the following 
will of earlier date was left in England, and there proved and 
recorded, as follows : 

In the name of God Amen. The Seaventeenth day of August One 
Thousand Six Hundred Thirtie nyne And in the fifteenth yeare of y e Raigne 
of our Soueraigne Lord Charles by the grace of God Kinge of England 
Scotland Fraunce and Ireland, Defender of the faith &c. I Nathauiell Axtell 
now or late of the parish of S* Peters nere the Burrough of S 4 Albons in 
the County of Hertford Yeoman, being now purposed (by the Grace of 
God) to travayle to New England in the parts beyond the Seas and con- 
sidering the certainty of Death & how uncertaine the tyme thereof is, 
Doe (Revoaking all former Willes Testamentes legacies & Devises by me 
heretofore made) make & declare this my present last Will & Testament 
in manner & forme followinge that is to say, ffirst & principally I comend 
my Soule into the hands of Allmightie God my Creator & of Jesus Christ 
my only Saviour & Redeemer hopeinge & stedfastly beleiving through the 
meritts Death and Passion of my said Saviour Jesus Christ to have free 
pdon and forgivenesse of all my sinnes & to inheritt Eternall life in the 
Kingdome of Heaven with other the Elect Children of God. And for 



1890.] Axtells of America. 51 

such temporall goods as it hath pleased god to lend me in this world for 
my necessary use (my debtes and funerall expences beinge first paid & 
discharged) I give & dispose the same as followeth (viz 1 .) Item I give & 
bequeath unto Thomas Buckinham of Queen Epioth [Quinnipiac] in New 
England, Husbandman, Tenn poundes in money to be paid unto him by my 
Executor hereafter named within one yeare next after my decease. Item I 
give & bequeath unto Richard Miles of the same place Husbandman all my 
weareinge apparell both linnen & wollen And all my beddinge & Household 
stuife whatsoever in New England aforesaid. Item I give & bequeath unto 
M r Peter Prudden Minister of the word of God in New England aforesaid 
ffive poundes in money to be paid unto him by my Executor within one 
yeare next after my decease. The Remainder rest & residue of all & 
singuler my goodes chattelles Debtes & estate whatsoever unbequeathed I 
doe give & bequeath unto & amongest my Two brothers Thomas Axtell & 
Daniell Axtell & my three sisters Joane, Ann & Sarah equally amongest 
them to be parted & devided part & part like And I doe ordaiue and make 
my said Brother Daniell Axtell the sole & onely Executor of this my last 
Will & Testament Willing & chargeinge hiine to see the same truely ^formed 
accordinge to my true intent & plaine meaneinge therein expressed, as my 
only & especiall trust is in him. In Wittnes whereof I the said Nathaniel 
Axtell to this my last Will & Testament have sett my hand & seale the 
Seaventeenth Day of August 1G39 And in the (fifteenth yeare of the Raigne 
of our Soveraigue Lord King Charles of England &c. 

Nathaniell Axtell. 

Read signed sealed published & delivered by the said Nathaniell Axtell 
for & as his last Will & Testament the Day of the Date in the presence of 
me Antho : Hudson Scr r . And me Natha : Hudson his sonue. 

Proved at London 12 June 1640. 

The second will is as follows : 

Considering the brevity and uncertainty of the life of Man how many 
accidents perills and dangers it lyes lyable to especially in Journeys by 
Land and hazards by sea both which I intend God willing in very few 
dayes to undertake doe judge it absolutely necessary to make this my last 
Will and Testam* this third day of August one thousand six hundred seaventy 
eight which is as viz 1 . Imprimis I give and bequeath unto my eldest 
daughter Sibilla the sume of ffive Hundred pounds to be paid her at day of 
marryage or when shee shall attaine to the age of twenty one yeares. Item 
I give unto my son Daniel the sume of ffive Hundred pounds to be paid 
to him at the age of twenty and one yeares. Item I give and bequeath 
unto my Daughter Mary ffive Hundred pounds to be paid her at day of 
marryage or when shee shall attaine the age of twenty one yeares. Item 
I give unto my sonne Holland ffive Hundred pounds to be paid him when 
hee shall attaine to the age of twenty one yeares. Item I give unto my 
daughter Rebeckah five hundred pounds to be paid her at day of marryage 
or when shee shall attaine to the age of twenty one yeares. Item I give 
unto my daughter Elizabeth and my Daughter Anne each of them ffive 
hundred pouuds to be paid to them as either of them is marryed or shall 
attaine to the age of twenty one yeares. Item I make my dearly beloved 
and faithfull wife Rebeckah my full and whole Executrix of this my last 
Will and Testament giveiug and bequeathing to her all the remainder of 
my estate just and lawfull debts being first paid and discharged an account 



52 Axtells of America. [Jan. 

of which for brevity sake I have left in writeing and inclosed herein. And 
that whereas merchandizeing and other Comerce in the world is lyable to 
sundry casualties losse and damages by which meanes the estate that I now 
doe through the good hand and signall providence and blessing of God 
account my selfe to have, may very much fall short soe the getting of it in 
from my severall ffactors and Correspondents in severall places of this 
World soe that whereas my great and earnest desire and intention to give 
and bequeath my intirely beloved Wife such a part and proportion of my 
estate as through the goodnesse of God to her shee may live happily freely 
and plentifull the remainder of her life, may be very much diminished and 
lessened soe that the care and tendernesse I have for her future comfort 
may be frustrated and disappointed My will therefore is that if in the 
gathering in of my estate from abroad and debts at home it should happen soe 
to fall short that the porcons above menconed being paid to my children my 
deare wife should not have the sume of Two Thousand pounds for her 
selfe for her owne maintenance over and above all household goods plate 
and Jewells I am now at this time seized and possest of, That then how 
much soever shee fall short of the said two Thousand pounds there shall 
be a proporconable deduction and abatement out of every one of my chil- 
drens porcons for the makeing up of the said Two Thousand pounds for the 
support and maintenance of my said deare Wife Rebeckah. And that if 
any of my children should dye either before marryage or age of one and 
twenty yeares that then any of them soe deceaseing their porcou or porcons 
shall be equally divided amongst the survivors. Lastly my faithfull friend 
Henry Danvers Esq r . and M r . W m . Pennington are hereby desired and 
appointed to be helpfull and assisting to my dearest wife in the gathering 
in of my estate from abroad and to be adviseing and helping her in the 
secure disposeing of it when at home. In witnesse whereof I have here- 
unto sett my hand and seale the day and yeare above written. Note that 
the seeming alteracon of fngure in the fflve Hundred pounds to my Daugh- 
ter Sibilla was done before signeing. Dan. Axtell. 

Signed sealed and declared to be the last Will and Testament of Daniel 
Axtell in the presence of Anne Cooper, Mary Catchpoull, Sarah Hill. 

Proved at London 2 July 1680, when a commission was issued to Walter 
Needham M.D. Attorney lawfully appointed " per Rebeccam Axtell (jam 
apud Carolinam habitam) " Widow and Executrix of Daniel Axtell " nuper 
de Stoke Newington in Com. Midds sed apud Carolinam defti " to ad- 
minister the estate in the absence of the said Executrix. 

Rebecca, widow of this Daniel Axtell, was of course the "Lady 
Axtel" of Charleston', S. C, 1695, mentioned in the journal of 
William Pratt, Register, XXVIII. 468. If we could be sure 
that the brothers Thomas and Daniel, named in the will of Nathaniel 
Axtell, w r ere the two other settlers of the name, we should have 
here a genuine instance of the oft-repeated story of the three brothers, 
one in Massachusetts, one in Connecticut and one in South Carolina. 
I do not know that proof of this is likely ever to be found. Even 
without it, the whole is a curious chapter of family history. 



1890.] Thomas Cooper and his Descendants. 53 



THOMAS COOPER, OF BOSTON, AND HIS 
DESCENDANTS.* 

By Frederick Tuckerman, of Amherst, Mass. 

OF the early history of Captain Thomas Cooper very little is positively 
known by the present writer. There is some ground for the belief 
that he was descended from the Coopers of co. Gloucester, England, although 
family tradition would assign him to the Coopers of Somersetshire. His 
father's christian name and the date of his own birth are alike unknown. 
That his mother's name was Mary, however, is certain beyond a doubt, from 
the evidence contained in an old Bible in the possession of the family. He 
was born in England, probably in London, about 1G60. In 1675 he was 
sent to Boston, New England, by Richard Gawthorne, of London, to whom 
he had been apprenticed, to learn business of James Lloyd, merchant. In 
December, 1679, at his own request, he was relieved from serving the re- 
mainder of his apprenticeship. 

On the 6 March, 1678, he was a passenger in the " Pink Blessing," bound 
to New York. 

In 1680 he acted as attorney and agent for Mr. A. M. Daniel, who had 
returned to England, and sold for him his farm at Billerica. 

His name appears in the tax list for 1681, and some twelve years later 
he had become one of the largest tax-payers in Boston. 

In June, 1689, he signed a petition with Peter Sergeant and others to 
have the " Rose " frigate restored to her commander, Captain George. 

On the 21 April, 1690, he set out for New York in company with 
William Stoughton and Samuel Sewall. 

On the 5 April, 1692, he paid £100 to Mary Lawrence and George 
Munjoy, mariner, for a tract of land, a mile square, situated at Amancongan 
River on the north side of Casco Bay, Province of Maine. 

In May, 1 693, he and John Pool became security to the town for Nicolas 
Stoughton and his family. 

Judge Sewall makes the following entry in his Diary, 4 Dec. 1694: 
" Lieut. Governour [Stoughton] invites, and we go to Mr. Cooper's, where a 
Splendid Treat is provided, most cold meat. Councillors, Ministers, 
Justices there, and Col. Shrimpton, Mr. E m Hutchinson, etc. Mr. Increase 
Mather crav'd a Blessing; Mr. Willard returned Thauks." 

He was one of the projectors and founders of Brattle Street Church, 
Boston (by the Mathers stigmatized as the "Manifesto" Church), and, on 
the 10 Jan. 1698, he and John Colman granted the land for the church. 
On the 10 May, 1699, the Rev. Benjamin Colman was invited by the un- 
dertakers to become the minister of the new church, the letter being signed 
by Thomas Brattle, Benjamin Davis, John Mico, Thomas Cooper and John 
Colman. On the 8 December following, Thomas Cooper was admitted a 
member of Brattle Street Church. 

On the 25 Jan. 1700, Samuel Sewall writes in his Diary as follows: 
" Mr. I. Mather, Mr. C. Mather, Mr. Willard, Mr. Wadsworth, and S. S. 
wait on the L l Gov r at Mr. Coopers : to confer about the writing drawn up 

* I am greatly indebted to Miss Emma E. Newman, of Atchison, Kan., Mrs. H. E. 
Taylor, of Worcester, Mass., and the Rev. Winslow "W. Sever, of Central Falls, R. L, each 
of whom has given me very substantial aid in the preparation of this genealogy. 



54 Thomas Cooper and his Descendants, [Jan. 

the evening before. Was some heat; but grew calmer, and after Lecture 
agreed to be present at the Fast which is to be observed Jan y 31." 

On the 20 March, 1703, Mr. Chauncy, Mr. Cooper, John Pitts, John 
Bowdoin, John Colman, and others, petition the Governor [Joseph Dudley] 
for a bankruptcy law. 

Thomas Cooper had the military title of Captain, and was probably an 
officer in one of the Suffolk regiments. He lived on Sudbury Street. He 
was one of the executors of Lieut. Governor Stoughton, and, through his 
marriage with Stoughton's niece, inherited all of his real estate in Boston, 
although he did not long survive the acquisition of his large landed 
property. This included the famous Green Dragon Tavern and the Blue 
Ball estate. The Green Dragon Tavern estate was valued in 1705 at 
£650. It remained in the possession of the family until August, 1743, 
when it was sold by Rev. William Cooper to Dr. William Douglass. 

Thomas Cooper died at sea, while on his way to London, in 1705. His 
will (No. 2934), dated 11 Jan. 1704-5, was probated 6 Aug. 1705. He 
left a handsome property for those days, his estate being appraised at 
£8552 2s. 6Jd. 

He married in Boston, 6 March, 1683, Mehitable, daughter of James 
and Hannah (Stoughton) Minot, of Dorchester. James Minot was the 
second son of George Minot, of Saffron-Walden, co. Essex, Eng., and was 
born there 31 Dec. 1628. His wife Hannah was a daughter of Israel 
Stoughton, and sister of Lieut. Gov. William Stoughton, and was born in 
England in 1628. Mehitable Minot was born at Dorchester, 17 Sept. 
1668, and died in Boston, 23 Sept. 1738. She was thrice married, but was 
without issue by her last two husbands. Her second husband was Hon. 
Peter Sergeant, to whom she was married 19 Dec. 1706, and who left her 
at his death on the 8 Feb. 1714, his famous mansion, afterwards known as 
the Province House. She married thirdly, 12 May, 1715, Hon. Simeon 
Stoddard, who died 15 Oct. 1730. She and Lieut. Governor Tailer were 
own cousins. She was admitted to the Old South Church 28 March, 1697, 
but on the 4 Feb. 1700, became a communicant of Brattle Street Church. 
On the 25 Jan. 1711-12, she sold to Josiah Franklin (the father of Benja- 
min) for £320, in good current bills of credit, the Blue Ball estate. On 
the 12 April, 1716, she sold her mansion house for £2300 to the State 
for a Province house. The children of Thomas and Mehitable (Minot) 
Cooper were: 

i. Thomas, 2 b. in Boston, 27 June, 1688 ; bapt. 5 July, 1688 : d. in Boston, 
13 Aug. 1688. 

2. ii. William, b. in Boston, 20 March, 1694; bapt. 25 March, 1694. 

iii. Mary, b. in Boston, 20 May, 1696 ; bapt. 24 May, 1696 ; d. in Boston, 
7 June, 1696. 

iv. Hannah, b. in Boston, 4 Sept. 1699 ; bapt. 10 Sept. 1699 ; m. (1) in 
Boston, 24 May, 1722, Henry, son of Henry and Sarah Francklyn, 
merchant, who was b. 24 June, 1692, and d. 13 July, 1725 ; m. (2) 
5 Nov. 1729, Capt. Bartholomew Cheever, merchant, who was b. 2 
Dec. 1684, and d. 17 April, 1772. Hannah was admitted to Brattle 
Street Church, 2 Aug. 1719, and d. without issue, 13 July, 1732. 

v. Mehitable, b. in Boston, 24 Aug. 1701 ; bapt. 29 Aug. 1701 ; d. in 
Boston, 1 Sept. 1701. 

3. vi. Thomas, b. in Boston, 20 Aug. 1705; bapt.. 26 Aug. 1705. 

2. William 2 Cooper ( Thomas 1 ), clergyman, was born in Boston, 20 
March, 1694. Member of the Boston Latin School, 1701-1708; 
admitted to Brattle Street Church, 3 June, 1711; was graduated at 



1890.] Thomas Cooper and his Descendants, 55 

Harvard College in 1712; elected junior pastor of Brattle Street 
Church, 16 Aug. 1715, and ordained 23 May, 1716. lie was 
moderator of the Council called to ordain the Rev. Robert Breck, 
which met at Springfield 7 Oct. 1735. On the 20 May, 1737, he 
was chosen President of Harvard College, but declined the honor. 
In 1742 he became involved with Rev. Jonathan Ashley, of Deer- 
field, in a controversy respecting the revival. He was an active 
member of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel among 
the Aborigines of America. He published over fifty sermons and 
discourses. He lived first on Sudbury Street, and afterwards at 
Cotton Hill. Through his wife, Judith Sewall, he inherited the 
Cotton-Hull-Sewall homestead, and a short time after his death the 
estate was leased to William Vassall. In Sept. 1758, the Cooper 
heirs sold it to Vassall for £1250. He died in Boston, 13 Dec. 
1743. He married first, 12 May, 1720, Judith, youngest daughter 
of Chief Justice Samuel Sewall. Her mother was Hannah Hull, 
only daughter of Captain John and Judith (Quincy) Hull, of Boston. 
Judith, wife of William, was born in Boston, 2 Jan. 1701-2, and 
died there, 23 Dec. 1740. She was admitted to Brattle Street 
Church, 1 Nov. 1724. Children, born in Boston, were: 

4. i. William, 3 b. 1 Oct. 1721; bapt. 8 Oct. 1721. 

ii. Mkiiitable, b. 28 June, 1723; bapt. 30 June, 1723; d. in Boston, 15 
Sept. 1724. 

5. iii. Samuel, b. 28 March, 1725; bapt. 4 April, 1725. 

iv. Thomas, b. 21 Jan. 1728; bapt. 28 Jan. 1728; living in April, 1705. 

v. Hannah, b. 23 Jan. 1729; bapt. 2 Feb. 1729 ; d. in Boston, 6 June, 1729. 

vi. JuDiTn, b. 9 June, 1730; bapt. 14 June, 1730; d. at Kingston, Mass., 
16 Feb. 17G4; m. (1) in Boston, 13 Dec. 1753, Dr. John Sever (Har- 
vard 1749), of Kingston, Mass., physician, "who was b. 22 Feb. 
1731, and d. 2G Dec. 1700. They had one child, Judith,* b. in 
January, 1755; d. 7 April, 1759. Judith married (2) 10 Sept. 1761, 
William, son of Rev. William Rand (Harvard 1721), of Kingston, 
who was b. 25 Oct. 1733, and d. 10 March. 1769. Of their children, 
Lucy,* b. in 1762, was living in 1779; and William, who was bapt. 
22 Jan. 1764, and d. at Kingston, 4 Jan. 1828, was married and 
probably left descendants. 

vii. Hannah, bapt. 3 Dec. 1732 ; d. in Boston, 21 Dec. 1732. 

William Cooper married second, 8 Nov. 1742, Mary, daughter 
of William and Elizabeth (Campbell) Foye, of Boston. Hon. 
William Foye was Treasurer of the Province, 1736-1759. Mary- 
was born in Boston, 8 Sept. 1721, and died there in August, 1773? 
She was admitted to Brattle Street Church, 6 March, 1743. Child: 

viii. Mary, bapt. 4 March, 1744 ; d. in Boston, 23 June, 1778 ; m. 22 May, 
1766, Dr. Samuel Gardner (Harvard 1746), of Milton, Mass., physi- 
cian, who was b. at Stow, Mass., 6 March, 1725, and d. in Boston, 
18 Jan. 1779. Their children, born at Milton, were : 1. William 
Foye, 4 b. 20 Jan. 1767 ; d. 25 March, 1767. 2. Elizabeth, b. 8 April, 
1768. 3. Mary, b. 1 May, 1769 ; d. unm. at Dorchester, 6 Dec. 
1855. 4. John, b. 24 Sept. 1770; m. Sally Jackson, of Newbury- 
port; d. 12 Dec. 1825. 5. Sarah, b. 11 Sept. 1772; m. John Amory, 
of Boston, 4 June, 1794, and had issue. 6. William Cooper, b. 25 
Jan. 1775 ; d. at Milton, 25 Feb. 1775. 

3. Thomas 2 Cooper (Thomas 1 ), merchant, was born in Boston, 20 Aug. 
1705. In early manhood he settled at Charleston, South Carolina. 
He was instrumental in suppressing the insurrection among the 
negroes in South Carolina in 1739. He married Elizabeth Haven, 
of South Carolina, and was living at Charleston in 1744. Children: 



56 Thomas Cooper and his Descendants. [Jan. 

i. Britton. 3 

ii. Elizabeth, m. Elias Vanderhorst, of South Carolina. He was ap- 
pointed American Consul at Bristol, Eng., 4 May, 1792, and resigned 
in the autumn of 1815. 

4. William 8 Cooper ( William? Thomas 1 ), Revolutionary patriot, was 
born in Boston, 1 Oct. 1721. Member of the Boston Latin 
School, 1727. He was for a time a merchant. He made a 
journey to Savannah, Ga., 1741-1742. He was a clerk of the 
market, 1746-1747, and one of the auditors of the Town Treas- 
urer's accounts in 1746, 1750-1754, and again, 1756-1757. He 
represented Boston in the General Court, 1755-1756. He was a 
fire-warden, 1755-1790; was Register of Probate for Suffolk County, 
1759-1799, and was Town Clerk of Boston, 1761-1809. He was 
an active member of the Political Club formed in 1765, began his 
" Journal of Occurrences" in the Boston Gazette, 1768, and was 
one of the " Sons of Liberty " who dined at Liberty Tree, Dor- 
chester, 14 Aug. 1769. He was a member and clerk of the Com- 
mittee of Correspondence, Inspection and Safety, 1772-1776. He 
was a Representative to the General Court, 1774-1775 and 1776- 
1777. He was for many years a Justice of the Peace for the County 
of Suffolk. He was very active in town affairs, served on many 
important committees during the Revolutionary period, and was a 
frequent writer in the journals of the day. He lived east of Concert 
Hall on Hanover Street. He died in Boston, 28 Nov. 1809. He 
married, 25 April, 1745, Katharine, daughter of Hon. Jacob Wen- 
dell, who was a merchant, councillor, and colonel of the Boston 
Regiment. Her mother was Sarah Oliver, daughter of Dr. James 
and Mercy (Bradstreet) Oliver, of Cambridge. Katharine was born 
in Boston, 18 June, 1726, and died there, 29 Jan. 1796. Children, 
born in Boston, were: 

i. William, 4 b. 14 Feb. 1746 ; bapt. 17 Feb. 1746 ; d. in Boston in Oct. 
1748. 

ii. Katharine, b. 17 Oct. 1747 ; bapt. 18 Oct. 1747 ; d. young. 

iii. Sarah, b. 15 Dec. 1748 ; bapt. 18 Dec. 1748 ; d. in Boston, 21 April, 
1770. 

iv. William, b. in Feb. 1750 ; member of the Boston Latin School, 1758- 
65; apprenticed to Capt. Tracy, of Newbury, 14 May, 1766; ap- 
pointed clerk to Dr. Joseph Warren, President of the Provincial 
Congress, 11 May, 1775; settled at Soward's Neck, Me., in 1786; 
drowned in Passamaquoddy Bay, 7 Feb. 1788. 

v. Jacob, b. in March, 1751 ; member of the Boston Latin School, 1758- 
65 ; d. in Boston in Nov. 1789. 

vi. Judith, b. 10 Nov. 1752 ; bapt. 12 Nov. 1752 ; d. young. 

vii. Judith, b. 11 Aug. 1754; d. in Boston, 14 Sept. 1782; m. 9 Aug. 1781, 
Captain Matthew Parke (b. in England, 1746, d. in Boston, 28 Dec. 
1813), of Boston, merchant. He was captain of marines on the 
frigate ' ' Alliance " during the Eevolutionary war. Their only child, 
William Cooper,* shipping merchant, was b. in Boston, 7 Aug. 1782, 
and d. there 11 Nov. 1857. He m. in Boston, 5 Nov. 1816, Susan, 
dau. of John and Susannah (Dolbeare) Wilde, who was b. 16 March, 
1785, and d. 6 Jan. 1867. Children: 1. Jane Susan* b. at South 
Berwick, Me., 1 July, 1818; d. at Portsmouth, N. H., 10 Sept. 1818. 
2. Susan Jane, b. at South Berwick, 1 July, 1818; d. at Ports- 
mouth, 16 Sept. 1818. 3. Jane Susan, b. at Portsmouth, 11 May, 
1820 ; d. in Boston, 27 Sept. 1839. 4. William Cooper, b. at Ports- 
mouth, 21 Sept. 1821 ; d. at Honolulu, H. I., 29 May, 1889. The last 
named went to Hawaii in 1843, and for thirty-four years was mar- 



1890.] Thomas Cooper and his Descendants. 57 

shal of the Kingdom. He m. at Honolulu, 15 Jan. 1856, Annie, 
dan. of Hon. Luther Severance, of Augusta, Me. She was 1). 12 
April, L831. Children, b. at Honolulu, were: .lane Severance, 7 
b. 2o Aug. 1867; Annie Hamlin, b. 31 Oct. L858; Bernice Bishop, 
b. 28 Dec. L859; Susan Wilde, h. 17 Aug. 1868, d. 10 Jan. 1 
William Cooper, b. 19 Sept. 1865. 5. Mary Houghton, b. at Ports- 
mouth, I 1 Jan. 1823; d. tram, at Honolulu, 22 June, 1879. 

viii. Samuel, b. L9 Aug. 1755; bapt. 21 Aug. L755; d. young. 

ix. Elizabeth, b. 28 March, 1757; bapt. :; April, 1757; d. young. 

6. x. Samuel, 1». 2 Jan. L759; bapt. 21 Jan. 176 

xi. John, b. L8 Feb. 1760; bapt. 17 Feb. 1760; d. young. 

7. xii. Richard Wtbird, b. 27 Oct. L761; bapt. l Nov. 1761. 

xiii. Katharine, b. 17 Sept. 1762; bapt. 19 Sept. 17G2; d. young. 
xiv. A still-born child, b. in 1763. 
xv. A still-born child, b. in 1764. 

8. xvi. John, b. 13 Dec. 17c:,; bapt. 16 Dec. 1766. 
xvii. K.m ii.mmxi:, bapt. 21 July. 1768; d. young. 

5. Samuel 8 Cooper ( William? Thomas 1 ), clergyman and patriot, «vas 

born in Boston, 28 March, 1725. Member of the Boston Latin 
School, 1732-1739 j admitted to Brattle Street Church, 6 Sept. 
1741; was graduated at Harvard College in 1743; elected a col- 
league with the Rev. Dr. Benjamin Colman of Brattle Street 

Church, 31 Dec. 171 1, and ordained 21 May, 1746. lit; received 
the degree of M.A. from Yale in 1750, and that of S.T.I), from 
Edinburgh in 17G7. In 1754 he published "The Crisis," a pam- 
phlet in opposition to the excise act, then in contemplation. He 
was a Fellow of Harvard College, 1767—1783, and was elected 
President of the same, but declined to serve, 10 Feb. 1774. He 
received from Franklin the confidential letters of Gov. Hutchinson 
in 1772; was chaplain to the General Court, 1779—1780. He was 
one of the founders of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 
and was its first vice-president, 1780-1783. He published some 
fifteen sermons, and contributed many political papers to the jour- 
nals of the day. He lived on Court Street. He died in Boston, 
29 Dec. 1783. He married, 11 Sept. 174G, Judith, daughter of 
Dr. Thomas Bulfinch, of Boston, ller mother was Judith Colman, 
daughter of John Colman, a Boston merchant. Judith, wife of 
Samuel, was baptized 2S March, 1725, and died in Boston in Novem- 
ber, 1795. She was admitted to Brattle Street Church, 3 May, 
1741. Children, born in Boston, were: 

i. JuDiTn, 4 bapt. 2 Aug. 1747; visited France in 1703; d. in Boston, 11 
Dec. 177:'); m. 18 Dec. 176G, Gabriel Johounot, merchant, who was 
b. in 1748, and d. at Hampden, Me., 9 Oct. 1820. He was Lieut. 
Colonel of the 14th Regiment, Continental Army. Children, born in 
Boston, were : 1. Samuel Cooper,* bapt. 13 March, 1768; attended 
school at Passy, France ; grad. at Harvard College, 1783 ; law 
student in the office of Hon. James Sullivan in 1784, and later 
was an attorney at Portland, Me. ; he went to Demerara, where he 
d. in 1806, leaving issue? 2. Zachary, bapt. 12 Feb. 1769 ; d. in 
1800. 

ii. Abigail, b. in 1755; d. at Roxbury, Mass., 6 Oct. 1826; m. in January, 
1777 (published in Boston, 2 Jan. 1777), Joseph Sayer Hixon, of 
England. His father was Thomas S. Hixon, gentleman keeper of 
His Majesty's wardrobe in the palace of Greenwich. Joseph Hixon, 
shortly after his marriage, was sent officially to Montserrat, and, 
during an insurrection there, was taken prisoner and carried to 
Copenhagen, where he was detained several years. He returned to 
Boston in 1782, and d. there, 15 Feb. 1801. Children, born in Bos- 

VOL. XLIV. 6 



58 Thomas Cooper and his Descendants* [Jan. 

ton, were : 1. Samuel Cooper,* b. 13 July, 1784 ; bapt. 25 July, 1784; 
entered the U. S. Navy, and was commissioned Master 30 April, 
1814. He m. in 1810, at Edinburgh, Scotland, Henrietta Burnett 
Watts, and d. at Charlestown, Mass., 9 Sept. 1840. Children : Julia 
Cooper, 6 b. 4 April, 1812, d. unm. 15 April, 1883; Mary, b. in 1813, 
m. John Lowitz, and d. in 1851 ; Joseph, b. in 1814, m. Agnes Gil- 
more, and d. in 1844; John, b. in 1816, m. Anna Kadcliffe, and d. 
in 1838; Samuel, b. in 1818, unm.; Henrietta, b. 8 June, 1820, m. 
Frederick Renter; Anna, b. in 1822, d. unm. in 1875; James, b. in 
1824, m. Kate Holclen; Jessie, b. in 182G, m. Richard Jackson, and 
d. in 1^74. 2. Joseph Sayer, b. 5 Feb. 1793; d. while a Sophomore 
at Harvard College, 4 July, 1810. 3. Julia, m. Nathaniel B. Fellows, 
and d. at sea in October, 1823. 

6. Samuel 4 Cooper ( William, 8 William, 2 Thomas 1 ), lawyer, was born in 

Boston, 2 Jan. 1759. Member of the Boston Latin School, 1766. 
He was clerk of the Senate, 1785-1795; a Notary Public for 
Suffolk County, 1789-1806, and a Special Justice of the Court of 
Common Pleas for Suffolk, 1799-1809. His office was at 67 State 
Street, and he lived in Oliver's Lane. He died in Boston, 13 March, 
1809. He married, 8 Dec. 1785, Margaret, daughter of William 
and Margaret (Wendell) Phillips, of Boston, who was born 25 
May, 1762, and died at Andover, Mass., 19 Feb. 1844. She was 
his first cousin. Her brother, Hon. John Phillips, was the first 
Mayor of Boston. Children, born in Boston, were : 

i. Katharine Wendell, 6 bapt. 12 July, 1789 ; d. young. 

ii. Katharine Wendell, bapt. 30 May, 1790; d. young. 

iii. William Phillips, bapt. 27 Nov. 1791 ; d. youm?. 

9. iv. William Phillips, b. 29 May, 1795; bapt. 31 May, 1795. 

10. v. Samuel Thatcher, b. 10 May, 1799 ; bapt. 19 May, 1799. 

vi. George, bapt. 5 April, 1801 ; entered the U. S. Marine Corps, and was 
commissioned 2d Lieutenant 28 March, 1820; d. unm. at Charles- 
town, Mass., 25 Sept. 1823. 

7. Kichard Wibird 4 Cooper ( William, 3 William,* Thomas 1 ), gentle- 

man, was born in Boston, 27 Oct. 1761. Member of the Boston 
Latin School, 1770. He lived on Fleet Street. He left Boston 
about 1796, and died at New York in the autumn of 1810. He 
married at Petersburg, Va., 17 Dec. 1787, Priscilla, daughter of 
Captain Alexander English, of Boston. She was admitted to Brat- 
tle Street Church, 6 Feb. 1791, and died 25 March, 1808. Chil- 
dren, born in Boston, were: 

i. William,* b. 6 Nov. 1788; bapt. in 1788; d. at Petersburg, Va., 14 

Sept. 1789. 
ii. Judith, b. 22 Feb. 1791; bapt. 27 Feb. 1791: d. in Boston, 23 June, 

1791. 
iii. William, b. 1 May, 1792; bapt. 6 May, 1792; not living in 1830. 
iv. Samuel, b. 13 Feb. 1794 ; bapt. 23 Feb. 1794 ; not living in 1830. 
v. Elizabeth English, b. 26 March, 1796; bapt. 3 Feb. 1797; d. unm. at 

Machias, Me., 20 Nov. 1874. 

8. John 4 Cooper ( William, 3 William, 2 Thomas 1 ) was born in Boston, 
13 Dec. 1765. Member of the Boston Latin School, 1774-1781. 
He went to So ward's Neck (now a part of Lubec), Me., with his 
brother William in 1787, and in 1790 removed to Machias. He was 
High Sheriff of Washington County, District of Maine, 1790-1820, 
and was instrumental in quelling the insurrection on Moose Island 
in 1790-1791. He was Treasurer of Washington County, 1803- 



1890.] Thomas Cooper and his Descendants. 59 

1809, and was Brigadier-General of the 2d Brigade, 10th Division, 
Mass. Militia, 1803-1811. In 1812 he was commissioned by the 
electors of Massachusetts to deliver to the President of the U. S. 
Senate their votes for President and Vice-President of the United 
States. In 1816 he was a delegate to the convention which met at 
Brunswick to act on the separation of the District of Maine from 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. He was for many years a 
Justice of the Peace for the County of Washington. In 1822 he re- 
moved from Machias to the town which bears his name. He pub- 
lished a topographical description of Machias and other papers. He 
died at Cooper, Me., 18 Nov. 1845. He married in Boston, 23 
June, 1791, Elizabeth, daughter of Habijah and Elizabeth (Tudor) 
Savage. She was a lineal descendant (in the sixth generation) of 
Major Thomas Savage, of Boston, and a sister of the late Hon. 
James Savage. Her mother was a daughter of Col. John Tudor, 
and sister of Hon. William Tudor, of Boston. Elizabeth Savage 
was born in Boston, 15 April, 1770, and died at Machias, Me., 13 
July, 1854. Children, born at Machias, Me., were: 

i. John Tudor, 6 b. 6 June, 1792 ; student at Phillips Academy, Anclover, 
1806-8 ; grad. at Harvard College, 1811 ; law student in the office of 
Hon. James Savage, 1811-12; cl. at Cambridge, 22 March, 1812. 

11. ii. William, b. 3 Jan. 1794. 

iii. Emma Elizabeth, b. 20 July, 1796; m. at Machias, Me., 20 Oct. 1820, 
Rufus King Porter (B.A. Bowdoin 1813) ; d. at Portland, Me., 26 
Oct. 1827. Children, born at Machias, were: 1. Emma Jane, 6 b. 4 
Sept. 1821; d. unm. at Chicago, 111., 19 July, 1866. 2. CharUs 
Wendell, b. 1 May, 1823 (Bowcloin 1843) ; m. 1 Sept. 18,64, Susan 
Ellen Lockwoocl, of Batavia, 111. 3. John Cooper, b. 6 Feb. 1825 ; 
m. 9 June, 1852, Anna McKee, of St. Louis, Mo. 4. Caroline Eliza- 
beth, b. 20 Nov. 1826. 

iv. Charles Wendell, b. 17 May, 1798; d. unm. at Havana, Cuba, 2 
June, 1825. 

v. Samuel, b. 2 June, 1800; cl. at Machias, 6 April, 1804. 

12. vi. James Sullivan, b. 10 Oct. 1802. 

vii. Thomas Savage, b. 6 July, 1805 ; d. at Machias, 21 July, 1805. 

viii. Caroline Savage, b. 28 April, 1808; m. at Cooper, Me., 28 Nov. 1836, 
Rev. William John Newman (Bang. Theol. Sem. 1835), of Andover, 
Mass. ; d. at Andover, 3 Sept. 1871. Child: Emma Elizabeth, 6 b. at 
Stratham, N. H., 8 March, 1838. 

ix. Arthur Savage, b. 9 May, 1811; d. at Machias, 21 Feb. 1818. 

9. William Phillips* Cooper [Samuel* William? William? Thomas 1 ), 
teacher and editor, was born in Boston, 29 May, 1705. Settled in 
Illinois in early manhood, and died in Clinton Co., 111., 4 Dec. 1845. 
He married in Illinois, 15 Aug. 1830, Elizabeth Ballard, who was 
born 15 Jan. 1814, and died 18 Jan. 1861. Children, born in 
Clinton Co., 111., were: 

i. Margaret Elizabeth, 6 b. 21 Jan. 1832; d. in Clinton Co., 22 April, 

1833. 
ii. Samuel Phillips, b. in Dec. 1833; m. 22 Jan. 1858, Sarah E. Needles, 

of Kichview, 111. 
iii. George Phillips,)). 26 Dec. 1835; m. 29 Oct. 1857, Margaret A. 

Carrigan. 
iv. Mary J. Phillips, b. 10 Aug. 1838; m. 28 March, 1858, Thomas E. 

Allen; d. 22 March, 1881. 
v. William Phillips, b. 2 r J Jane, 1842; m. (1) 24 March, 1867, Abigail 

Dinemore, of Bichyiew, [11., who d. 'J Jan. 1871; and (2) 8 Aug. 

1872, Mary H. Hoke, of Kichview. 
vi. James Shirly Phillips, b. 5 Aug. 1845 ; cl. 5 Oct. 1846. 



60 Thomas Cooper and his Descendants. [Jan. 

10. Samuel Thatcher 5 Cooper (Samuel* William, 3 William? Thomas 1 ) 

was born in Boston, 10 May, 1799. He was appointed a midship- 
man in the U. S. Navy, 10 May, 1820, and resigned 9 May, 1821. 
In 1822 he settled at Andover, Mass., where for twenty-three years 
he was employed in the post office. He was a Justice of the Peace 
for Essex. He died at West Newton, Mass., 8 Nov. 1872. He 
married first, in 1823, Elizabeth Hawley, of Danville, Vt., who was 
born in 1796, and died in 1839. Children, born at Andover, Mass., 
were : 

i. Samuel George, 6 b. 11 April, 1824; d. at Worcester, 12 Jan. 1887; m. 

(1) 6 March, 1819, Maria Gates, of Lvndon, Vt., who was b. 1 May, 

1823, and d. 13 April, 1853; and (2) 30 Sept. 1854, R. Jane Robinson, 

of West Boxforcl, b. 14 June, 1832. 
ii. William Phillips, b. 16 Sept. 1826 ; m. 6 July, 1850, Sarah Elizabeth 

Wilson, of Boston; d. at Lawrence, 15 June, 1889. 
iii. Charles Augustus, b. 4 Feb. 1828 ; d. unm. in July, 1855. 
iv. Margaret Elizabeth, b. 23 Oct. 1830; m. 27 Sept. 1855, J. Aloin 

Farley ; d. 12 Jan. 1879. 

He married secondly, 29 Oct. 1810, Caroline L. F. Abbott, of 
Andover, who was born 7 Sept. 1817. Child: 

v. Caroline Lucinda, b. at Andover, 16 Oct. 1842 ; m. 30 June, 1868, 
David Marks Edgerly (Dartmouth 1864, M.D. Univ. of N. Y. 

1867), b. in New Hampshire, 11 Aug. 1839. 

11. William 5 Cooper (John* William? William? Thomas 1 ) was born at 

Machias, Me., 3 Jan. 1794. He passed the greater part of his life 
on the old homestead at Cooper. He died at Dennysville, Me., 27 
Aug. 1875. He married, 8 Aug. 1826, Eliza Balch Button, of 
Lubec, Me., who was born 15 Dec. 1803, and died 16 Jan. 1844. 
Their children, born at Cooper, Me., were : 

i. William Savage, 6 b. 25 July, 1827; m. at Sonora, Cal., 17 May, 1864, 
Sarah Jane Darling. 

ii. Elizabeth Dutton, b. 19 Nov. 1828 ; m. (1) 29 Oct. 1853, Hon. Luther 
Stearns dishing (LL.B. Harvard 1826), of Boston; and (2) 17 
Nov. 1858, Rev. Edward Henry Buck (Hamilton 1852), of Jewett, 
N. Y. ; d. at Melrose, Mass., 24 June, 1862. 

iii. Emma Porter, b. 27 Aug. 1830; m. 8 Nov. 1850, George W. Chad- 
bourne, of Eastport, Me. 

iv. Caroline Pearson, b. 11 Jan. 1832; d. unm. at Dennysville, Me., 16 
Dec. 1877. 

v. Helen Marston, b. 26 July, 1834 ; m. 8 Feb. 1864, George E. Bugbee, 
of Perry, Me. 

vi. Harriet Coolidge, b. 8 June, 1836; d. at Cooper, 9 May, 1841. 

vii. John, b. 22 Nov. 1838 ; d. at Cooper, 24 Nov. 1838. 

viii. Mary, b. 7 Sept. 1839 ; m. 12 Jan. 1864, Frederick J. Gardner, of 
Dennvsville, Me. 

ix. Harriet Coolidge, b. 4 Sept. 1841 ; m. 24 Oct. 1867, Edward B. Kilby, 
of Dennysville, Me. ; d. at Washington, D. C, 2 Aug. 1868. 

12. James Sullivan 5 Cooper (John? William? William? Thomas 1 ), 

lawyer, was born at Machias, Me., 10 Oct. 1802. He was admitted 
to the Washington County Bar as an attorney, 1 July, 1829, and 
as a counsellor in July, 1831. He was a member of the law firm of 
Downes & Cooper, Calais, Me., from 1829 to 1866. He removed 
to Amherst, Mass., in 1866. He died at Amherst, 28 July, 1870. 
He married first, in Boston, 28 May, 1832, Mary Elizabeth, only 
daughter of William and Mary (Ingersoll) Savage, who was born in 



1890.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. fil 

Boston, 1 Oct. 1807. and died at Calais, Me., 7 April, 1842. Their 
children, horn at Calais, Me., wore: 

i. Mary [ngebsoll, 4 b. 8 March, I 

ii. William Sw lgb, !>. '-'»'. !>"•. L837 ; d. at Calais, Me., •-'«; Sept. 1 

ili. Harriet Savage, b. 16 Sept 1841; d. at Calais, L6 Sept L842. 

He married secondly, at Haverhill, Mass., 1 Oct 1845, Abigail 
Ingersoll, only daughter of Captain John and Abigail (Ingersoll) 
Girdler, who was born at Manchester, Mass., LO M ty, L817. Their 
children, horn at Calais, M<'., w* 

iv. Elizabeth Savage, 6 b. 2] Sept. L846; m. at Amherst, Mass., L8 Oct. 

18 75, John Oilman Stanton (Amherst L870, M.D. Wurzburg 187 

physician, NVw London, Conn. 
v. James [ngebsoll, b. 7 April, L849; grad. at Amhersl College Lfi 
vi. Charles Wendell, b. L6 May, L861; grad. at Amherst College It 

M.D. Barvard L877; m in New Xork, 8 Sept L881, Elizabeth 

Savage Porter, of St. Louis, M«>. 
vii. Alice Girdler, b. 15 June, 1867; m. atAmhei Sept. 1 

Frederick Tuckerman. 



SOLDIERS IX KING PHILIPS WAR. 
Communicated by the Rev. George m. Bodge, A.M., oi Bast Boston, Mae 

[Continual from vol. xliii. page 354.] 

XXVUl 
Philip, Canonohet and theib Indian-. 

THIS series of papers has never claimed or aimed to be a history 
of Philip's war; it nevertheless has held as closely as possible 
to a connected narrative of events, while pursuing the original pur- 
pose, which was an account of the soldiers from Massachusetts 
Colony engaged in the war with Philip ; the basis being the lists of 
names found in the accounts of Treasurer John Hull. While there- 
fore the three colonies, Massachusetts, Plymouth and Connecticut, 
each did its part faithfully and bravely, according to its ability, our 
attention has naturally followed the fortunes of the Massachusetts 
troops. Whenever the different colonies united in operations against 
the Indians, it has been the purpose to give due credit for the 
service ; but having no lists of the names of the soldiers of either 
Plymouth or Connecticut, the references to these have been of 
necessity very meagre. 

The war began within the Plymouth colony, and some of its most 
important events took place there. While the two most powerful 
and hostile of the tribes arrayed against the English were either 
within the limits of Plymouth or Connecticut, or near their borders ; 
the two great chiefs, Philip and Canonchet, w T ere of these south- 
ern tribes, the Wampanoags and Xarragansets. It is therefore 
vol. xliv. 6* 



62 Soldiers in King Philip's War, [Jan. 

fitting that some mention should be made of such important events 
as have not been noted in connection with the troops of Massa- 
chusetts. 

Most of the events of general importance which took place in the 
beginning of the war, and subsequently until after the great fight 
with the Narragansets, have been told in their order heretofore. 
The "Entertaining Narrative" of Mr. Church, published by his son, 
became, during the last part of the last century, a sort of text-book 
of history, for the reason that other contemporary publications like 
those of Mr. Hubbard, Mr. Mather, &c, were out of print, and 
copies rare. Mr. Church relates his personal adventures, makes 
small account of the more important matters, and is entirely careless 
and unreliable as a historian ; and his story unduly magnifies certain 
small personal experiences, which have very slight bearing on the 
course of the war, though there is no doubt that he was a very brave 
and very able Indian fighter, and one of the most successful of all 
who led our soldiers against the Eastern Indians in later wars. His 
story deals mostly with operations carried on in Plymouth colony, 
by himself and a few scouts gathered at his call. By the revival of 
interest in our national and local history, the first authentic histories 
and contemporary records and documents have been brought to light 
and published, so that we may more clearly study the course of the 
events of the war from reliable data. But most of the early writers 
are so strongly prejudiced against the Indians that, unconsciously, 
they weaken the authority of their accounts by their evident unfair- 
ness toward their enemies. 

A brief statement, from the side of the Indians, of their movements 
and plans so far as can be judged by the evidence we have, may 
help us to a better knowledge of the war than any of the histories 
afford. All know that Metacom or Pometacom, second son of the 
great chief Massasoit, whom the English named Philip, and who is 
known in history as King Philip, was the recognized instigator and 
leader in the great Indian war which has always been designated by 
his name. 

Massasoit's eldest son Wamsutta, called by the English Alexander, 
succeeded to the dignity and possessions of his father in 1661, but 
lived only about a year in the enjoyment of his inheritance. His wife 
was Weetamoo (her name best known), who seems to have been 
not only an hereditary princess, but a very able and energetic woman. 
She was called the "Squaw Sachem of Pocasset," and derived that 
title either from her father or an earlier husband. She claimed to 
own all the country around Pocasset in her own right, and also the 
disposal and rule of her tribe. Weetamoo was a personage of 
importance and influence in the war, as after the death of Wamsutta 
she returned to her people and retained her title and power amongst 
them ; and it would appear that just before the breaking out of the 
w T ar she had some three hundred fighting men under her authority. 



1890.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 63 

There is good evidence that Queen Weetamoo and Petonowowett, 
whom tlie queen married after the death of Wamsutta, were both 

opposed to the war, hut could not control the young warriors who 
were attracted to Philip's war-dances, and were there inflamed with 
the war-passion of the chief. Weetamoo was the sister of Woo- 
tonekanaske, it is said, and as she was doubly sister-in-law of Philip, 
it is not strange that she followed the inclination of her warriors and 
yielded to the craft and power of Philip, thus greatly strengthening 
his hands. Petonowowett would not join Philip, hut withdrew to 
the English side and followed their fortunes throughout the struggle. 
Weetamoo further assisted the cause of Philip by renouncing her 
recreant husband, and marrying Quinapin, a Narraganset chief, a 
near relative of (anonchet, and second in command at the gr 
"fort-fight;" he was prominent in the attack upon Lancaster, 
becoming the master of -Mrs. Rowlandson by purchasing her from 
her captor. 

There are many proofs of the ability of Philip as a diplomat, in 
planning and preparing for the war. lie succeeded his brother as 
the chief Sachem of the WampanoagS about L662. This is not the 
place to discuss the causes which led to the war. The passion of 
the English lor territory ; their confidence that God had opened up 
America for the exclusive occupancy of Puritans and Pilgrims, 
their contempt for the Indians, and utter disregard of their rights; 
made war with them inevitable, sooner or later. The earlier circum- 
stances of the war have been related in the course of this series. 
Judged by all that can be gleaned from history, Philip seems to us, 
not the terrible monster which our first historians painted him, but 
a leader of consummate skill, in bringing together the unwieldy 
and mostly unwilling forces, and pushing forward other bands of 
other tribes to bear the brunt and dangers which his own [(lotting had 
brought upon them. He was doubtless hurried into open hostilities 
by the ill-advised action of his young warriors, long before even his 
own tribe were prepared for the consequences of such rash action. 
Thousands of acres of corn were hastily abandoned by his_people in 
their precipitate flight. The WampanoagS, with all related and 
dependent bands, were overwhelmed by the unexpected forces sent 
against them, and were only saved from utter destruction, partly by 
the slow motion of the English troops under Capt. Henchman, but 
mainly by the adroit and secret management of Philip in " wafting " 
his whole active force over the water, leaving only one hundred of 
their women and children, and escaping into the Nipmuck country. 
There he succeeded in eluding his pursuers, disposing his non-fight- 
ing people in various tribes, and, while holding a sufficient body- 
guard with himself to inspire respect and insure a hearing among 
the various Northern tribes, he had some of his ablest men visiting 
the more distant tribes, and everywhere persuading, bribing and 
threatening the chiefs into co-operation ; and before the end of Sep- 



64 Soldiers in King Philip's War, [Jan. 

tember he had practically all the Nipmucks, with the tribes of 
Massachusetts from the Merrimac to the Connecticut, pledged and 
already active in his service. But the impression from all known 
testimony is, that loyalty to Philip was inspired by fear rather than 
love or admiration. There is no proof known to me of any act of 
personal daring on his part, and I have not found any real evidence 
that he was personally engaged in any of the battles of the whole 
war, or that he led, in person, any attack or raid or ambuscade. 
The rumors of that day, and the statements of later historians that he 
was present at certain fights, are not verified by evidence ; and 
while there is little doubt that he directed and planned many of the 
most bloody and destructive attacks upon the settlements, he seems 
always to have kept at a safe distance from personal danger. 

In December, 1675, Philip retired beyond the Connecticut, and 
before the first of January was encamped some forty miles above 
Albany. It is probable that he was there negotiating with the 
Mohawks, by his agents, for their cooperation in the spring, and it 
is believed that he had assurance from the French of ammunition and 
arms, together with a body of Canadian Indians to re-inforce him. 
But there were many things which might well discourage the chief 
at this time, notwithstanding all these promises of help, and the fact 
that the most of the tribes were committed to the war. 

Canonchet and his Narragansets had not yet committed them- 
selves, nor seemed inclined to do so, which was very depressing, 
not only to the leaders, but to those other chiefs and tribes who in 
one way or another had committed themselves to his cause. And 
again there was disaffection among the tribes and the chiefs who had 
been involved in the war by Philip's arts ; and one of these, a Sachem 
of the Northampton Indians, attempted to kill him and threatened 
that he would, declaring that Philip had involved them in the 
w r ar and brought great trouble upon them. But soon a new 
and tremendous impulse was given to the Indian side, when the 
scouts and advanced parties of the Narragansets began to come 
among the tribes in their hasty retreat, bringing news of their 
defeat and the disastrous destruction of their great fortress. At 
first they were not believed, and were not received by the Nipmucks 
and their allies, because they had been looked upon as pledged by 
the English to remain neutral ; and, as the denunciation of the 
great leader and his tribe for their indifference had been rife in all 
the great war councils of the adherents of Philip, so now these 
advance parties of their retreat were not believed, and when they came 
to the camp at Menameset, they were repulsed and their messenger 
shot at, being accused of treachery and of being friends of the English, 
although they brought English scalps and heads in proof of their 
story. But when larger parties came, bringing more proofs of the 
same kind, and furnished confirmation from various sources, there 
was great rejoicing by the Indians that they had been thus struck 



1890.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 65 

down by the English, whom they had been so slow to fight. Their 
rejoicing was equally great because of the immense acquisition of 
the strong tribe and valiant chief, the prestige of whose name and 
numbers turned all faltering and hesitation into willing and ea«;er 
adherence. And as they had been last to break into hostility 
against the settlers, so their causes of hatred and desire lor revenge 
were deeper. 

If the true history of the course of treatment which the Narra- 
ganset Indians received at the hands of the English was written, 
there would be few more disgraceful chapters in all our annals. In 
1637 the English had joined the Narragansets and Mohegina for the 
destruction of the Pequods, which being accomplished, they became 
the arbiters of the fate of the two allied tribes, making them agree that 
all questions as between them should be left to the English. Uncas, 
chief of the Mohegins, was crafty, cowardly and treacherous ; 
Miantonimoh, Sachem of the Narragansets, was frank, proud and 
brave. The one became the willing tool of the English ; the other 
stood up in his manhood, and for his lights, as hereditary chief of a 
powerful tribe. But the noble qualities of the Narraganset chief, in 
the eyes of the colonial authorities, were no match for the crafty 
subserviency of Uncas ; and when, in 1643 (after repeated unjust 
and unnecessary summons before the colonial courts, where he 
bore himself with such courage and dignity as to challenge the 
respect of even so sturdy a diplomat as Gov. Winthrop), he became 
involved in a fresh quarrel with Uncas, and fell into a snare of the 
Mohegin, and was made captive, — and, incredible as it seems to us 
now, the Commissioners of the United Colonies gave their sanction 
to his death, leaving it to the vengeful hate of Uncas to execute the 
decree, lie was soon after beheaded by Uncas, in the brutal fashion 
of their laws. xVnd thus Miantonimoh, probably the noblest and 
ablest Sachem of that day, was destroyed by the craft and deceit of 
Uncas, one of the most despicable characters known in our history. 
Mr. Hubbard thus concludes his account : 

His head was cut off by Uncas, it being justly feared that there would 
never be any firm Peace, either betwixt the English and Narhagansets or 
betwixt the Narhagansets and Mohegins while Miantonimoh was left alive ; 
however the Narhagansets have ever since that time borne an implacable 
Malice against the Uncas and all the Mohegins, and for their sakes secretly 
against the English, so far as they durst discover it. 

Mr. Hubbard, in explaining the causes of the war of 1675-7, 
recounts the relations of the Colonies with the Narragansets, and 
unconsciously draws for us a picture of arrogance, intolerance and 
selfishness, on the part of the English, which shows all the more 
plainly to us because he has such a clear conviction of the righteousness 
and justice of the colonial authorities. And he sums up at the last, 
brin£in£ his account down to the beginning of 1675 : 

Thus it is apparent upon what Terms the English stood with the 



$6 Soldiei*s in King Philips War. [Jan. 

Narrhagansets even since the cutting off Miantonimoh, their Chief Sachems 
Head by Uncas, it being done from the Advice and Counsel of the English, 
Anno, i643. 

At the beginning of "Philip's War" the Sachem of the Narra- 
gansets was Canonchet, son of Miantonimoh, an able, prudent and 
brave chief, who, though subjected to the tyranny of the colonies 
and followed by the constant enmity and falsehood of old Uncas, 
had been able to maintain peace with the English and their* allies 
and to lead his people to prosperity and power : so that in 1675 he 
was by far the most powerful chief in New England, his fighting 
force being reckoned by some authorities as high as four thousand 
warriors. This estimate is probably double his actual force. It is 
said that he had encouraged Philip in the design to make a general 
revolution against the colonies, and had promised to be ready in 
1676 to enter such war with his whole available force. When, 
however, Philip's men precipitated hostilities by the murder of 
Sausamon, first, and then by open and active preparation, where 
justice was dealt to the murderers, Canonchet restrained his people 
and would not join Philip, but on the other hand would not assist 
in fighting him. When the troops had driven Philip and his people 
out from Mount Hope and held them, as they thought securely, in 
the Pocasset swamps, command came from Boston to march the 
army into the Narraganset country and demand a treaty at the point 
of the sword. That action seems to us now, as strategy, the height 
of stupidity ; in spirit, the extreme of intolerance ; and in result, 
entirely disastrous. 

The only pretext for the invasion was the rumor that the Narra- 
gansets were harboring some of the women and children of those 
who were in arms. They restated the terms of a former treaty and 
demanded that the Sachem should take arms against Philip. The 
troops did not find Canonchet or any of his Counsellors or Chiefs, but 
only a few chance stragglers and old men unable to flee ; and with 
these entirely irresponsible men, the officers made the treaty, the 
articles of which are remarkable only for their overweening conceit 
and intolerance, as well as the utter disregard of the rights of the 
Indians. Those poor creatures, whom the English forced to stand 
for Canonchet and his chiefs, had no more understanding of the big 
sounding sentences, framed perhaps by schoolmaster Henchman, or 
Mr. Dudley, than would an equal number of their native trees. 
Canonchet seems to have ignored this treaty entirely, and probably 
looked upon it as one more instance of the crafty influence of Uncas, 
who had hastened forward to assist the English at his earliest oppor- 
tunity. And yet the Narraganset chief held aloof from Philip's 
active operations, evidently strengthening his own people with arms, 
ammunition and provisions, besides training his warriors and forti- 
fying his country in several parts, as if determined to withstand any 
attack which might be made upon him. 



1890.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 67 

Canonchet, thus standing aloof from participation in the war, and 
fearing nothing from the English who were constantly exercised 
against him by the wily arts of the Mohegins, was summoned to 
Boston where he appeared before the Council and bore himself with 
manly dignity, but was constrained by his situation and by the 
threats of the Council, to sign a treaty binding him to fight against 
the hostile Indians, and to seize and deliver up all those Indians 
who had taken part in the war and were now fled to his territories 
for shelter. This demand, so impossible for him to fulfil, he was 
induced to promise under the pressure of present danger, knowing 
well that a refusal to accede to their demands would be taken as 
confirmation of the charges against him, and would result in his 
detention and perhaps death, lie had no idea of the sacrcdness of 
his promise in this treaty, and his experience with the English in 
former treaties had not tended to give him exalted ideas of treaty 
promises. He was allowed to depart, having received the present 
of a coat, gaudily laced. We do not know how much effort he 
made to carry out his promise ; we do know that he gathered his 
own people into the great fortress in the swamps, where, in De- 
cember, he was overwhelmed by the Colonial army ; in which battle 
great numbers of his people were destroyed. 

The story of that fearful battle and its result to the English, and 
from their side, has been told. We know but little from the Indian 
side, and that only by accidental testimony. The English troops 
recruited at Wickford until the last of January, when, having been 
reinforced with fresh troops, they began the "Long March" through 
the Nipmuck Country, around to Marlborough and then to Boston. 
Ante, Vol. XL. p. 182. 

Canonchet and his Narragansets had profited by the time of the 
army's inactivity ; they returned to their ruined forts and buried 
their dead, cared for their wounded, and quietly sent their women 
and children with their sick and wounded out of harm's way. Then 
with a strong band of his fighting men as a rear-guard, Canonchet 
hung about the army, and closely observed all its motions, keeping 
out his scouts in every direction, with a line of posts and temporary 
camps along the whole line of the great "trail" even to the vicinity 
of Quabaog, where he soon established relations of alliance with the 
hostile tribes gathered at head quarters at Menameset. But just 
upon the eve of the advance of the troops, the Narragansets made a 
swift descent upon Warwick, where they burnt the buildings and corn 
and hay of Mr. Carpenter, and drove away near two hundred sheep, 
fifty large cattle, and fifteen horses of his, besides many cattle from a 
Mr. Harris. Our army pursued the Indians and had a sharp 
skirmish with their rear-guard, in which the Indians, though losing 
heavily, were able to divert the army and cover the retreat of a 
large body having in charge the cattle and supplies, with many of 
the women and children, who with many of the wounded and help- 



68 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

less had been encamped at the "Rocks," a very strong natural 
fortress, and hitherto deemed an impregnable retreat for the Indians. 
It is probable that the Indian leaders were somewhat disconcerted by 
the advance of the army both as to time and direction. The attack 
upon Mr. Carpenter was partly perhaps to turn the attention of the 
English in that direction. They succeeded in eluding the army, 
however, and were received into the great gathering of the tribes at 
their chief head quarters beyond Quabaog, after they had proved 
that they were really at war with the English, by bringing the usual 
evidence of English scalps and heads. There is evidence that old 
Canonicus, uncle of Canonchet, and many of the older chiefs of the 
Narragansets and their subject tribes, like Ninigret, chief of the Nian- 
tics, tried hard to restrain the warriors from open war. But the proud 
spirit of the younger Canonchet could not bow to the terrible blow 
they had received, and while the old chiefs were allowed to ne- 
gotiate with the English about a treaty, Canonchet and the younger 
men, with Quinnapin as an able second, were training and prepar- 
ing for war. After the junction was made with the Northern tribes, 
Philip having been apprised of it and promised plenty of ammunition 
from the French, the Narragansets were added as a part of the great 
hostile force of Indians gathered in the western parts. Canonchet, 
according to the contemporary historian, Hubbard, became the real 
leader of the great unorganized army of the Indian tribes. His 
warriors far outnumbered the other tribes, besides being better trained 
and equipped, despite the severe losses they had met at the great 
fort. Mr. Hubbard wrote in 1676, about Canonchet upon the 
Connecticut in the winter and spring of 1675-6 : 

For all the whole body of the Indians to the westward, trusting under 
the shadow of the aspiring Bramble ; he took a kind of care of them upon 
himself. Wherefore foreseeing so many hundreds could not well subsist with- 
out planting ; he propounded it in his Council, that all the West plantations 
upon the Connecticut River taken from the English, should this last 
summer be planted with Indian Corn ; which was indeed in itself a very 
prudent consideration : To that End he resolved to venture himself with but 
thirty men (the rest declining it) to fetch a seed-corn from Seaconk, the 
next town to Mount Hope ; leaving a body of men, not fewer than fifteen 
hundred to follow him or meet him about Seaconk the week after. 

Mr. Hubbard's account continuing shows that the great chief 
pursuing his purpose came with his small company into his own 
territories, evidently with the design of recovering the large quantities 
of corn that were left stored in various places, and probably with 
the intention of planning a descent upon some of the southern plan- 
tations, as, on February 10th, their confederates, probably with their 
help, had swept down upon Lancaster, and ten days later upon 
Medfield. The intention of the Indians was evidently to distract the 
attention of the English by striking heavy blows in distant parts of the 
colonies. Connecticut was protected by the presence of the Mohe- 



1890.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 69 

gins and Pequods, whom the hostile Indians dreaded far more than 
the English, as they were their equals in wood craft and Indian 
tactics. After the attack upon Medfield, the attacking party 
advanced into Plymouth Colony, and probably formed a junction 
with another large body, doubtless with the purpose of concentrating 
a large force upon some of the larger towns, while smaller bodies 
kept making demonstrations here and there upon some smaller 
places. On February 25th they assaulted Weymouth, and burned 
seven or eight houses and barns. On March 12th they pushed even 
into Plymouth town and destroyed Clark's Garrison House, about 
two miles from Plymouth village, with eleven persons within it, 
plundered the provisions, a quantity of ammunition, and quite a sum 
of money, without a single man lost or wounded. Another party 
suddenly assaulted Warwick on March l(>th or 17th, and destroyed 
nearly all the houses, though the people escaped. Nearly all the 
detached houses in the Narraganset country were attacked and 
destroyed within a few weeks, and many of the large towns were 
threatened. 

Plymouth Colony on February 8, 1675—6, had ordered a company 
of men to be impressed from the southern towns of the colony, and 
on the 29th the Council ordered "that the Souldiera now under 
Presse, from the Southern Towns, be at Plymouth on Wednesday 
the 8th of this Instant (March) in order unto a further March, and 
with them 20 or 30 of the Southern Indians, whoe together with the 
other whoe are under Presse to goe forth under the Command of 
Captain Michael Peirse and Lieftenant Samucll Fuller." The force 
probably got ready sometime in the middle of March. "Capt. 
Amos,"' a Wampanoag Indian who refused to follow with Philip and 
joined the friendly Indians, was in command of the Cape Indians in 
Capt. Peirse's command, and also acted as guide to the whole force. 
The command marched to Seekonk, where they arrived March 25th, 
and that day had a skirmish with a party of Indians in the vicinity, whom 
they pursued until night and supposed they had seriously damaged. 
Retiring to the Garrison House at Seekonk that night, early on the 
next day, Sunday, March 26th, the command, increased by several 
from Seekonk as guides, started again in pursuit of the enemy ; and 
soon came across a few Indians who showed themselves in the dis- 
tance and seemed to be trying to get away, but to be impeded by 
lameness. The English as usual were lured to rush forward, and 
in spite of former experiences and the warnings of the Indian allies, 
they soon found themselves in an ambuscade. Though not taken 
entirely by surprise by the old trick, which he believed his company 
was strong enough to fight through, Capt. Peirse was entirely de- 
ceived by the numbers of the Indians. He was a brave officer, and 
supposing he had a large body, perhaps twice his own number, at 
bay, he fearlessly attacked them even at great disadvantage. The 
Indians did not discover their full numbers until they had drawn 
vol. xliv. 7 



70 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

the English across a small river, to some distance, when the attempt 
was evidently made to surround him. This forced him back upon 
the bank of the river, where he found himself attacked in the rear by 
a large party sent to cut him off. There is no doubt that Capt. 
Peirse was out-generalled, as well as vastly out-numbered, and, 
like the brave man that he was, he fought it out till he fell, 
with his brave men around him. Before leaving the garrison 
in the morning Capt. Peirse had sent a messenger to Capt. 
Edmunds of Providence, asking him to cooperate in an attack upon 
a large body of Indians then at Pawtucket Falls ; the messenger 
however did not deliver his message until after the morning service 
(it being Sunday), when Capt. Edmunds indignantly berated him, 
declaring that it was then too late, as it proved. It is doubtful if a 
company from Providence could have saved Capt. Peirse and his 
men after they crossed the river, as with their great numbers the 
Indians were able to beset every approach to the battle field, and 
choose their ground. 

It is doubtful if during the war the English had come face to face 
in the open field with so large and so well organized a force of the 
Indians. Canonchet doubtless directed the operations in this 
campaign in person, and was assisted by the ablest chiefs and the 
best warriors, picked from all the tribes. It was a signal victory 
for the Indians and it confirmed Canonchet as the military leader 
before all others. Great stores of corn had been opened up and sent 
northward, with the plunder from the assaulted towns ; heavy 
blows had been struck against the towns ; the non-combatants, the 
infirm and helpless were safe in the vast forests stretching from 
beyond Quabaog to Canada, and were guarded by a strong reserve. 
He with his stout chiefs and their bands of loyal warriors were there- 
fore free to carry the war into all parts of the colonies ; the great 
expedition under Major Savage against Menameset, &c, had been 
completely frustrated, and now this brilliant victory, as they counted 
it, had carried terror and dismay to the southern towns. Canon- 
chet may well have dreamed of reconquering his native dominions, 
and doubtless believed that he could now reestablish his people 
there. Fearless by nature and feeling secure from invasion, he 
was waiting, at his head quarters not far from Pawtucket, with but 
few guards, having out large scouting parties scouring the country ; 
and a very large part of his force had doubtless gone to the north- 
ward, with forage, plunder, and the dead and wounded from the 
battle with Capt. Peirse, of whom the number was probably more 
than one hundred. The loss on the part of the English was fifty-two 
of the English and eleven of the friendly Indians. From the letter 
of Rev. Noah Newman, of Rehoboth, written the day after the battle, 
we get the names of those killed of Capt. Peirse's company. 



1890.] 



Emigrants to St. John, N. B. 



71 



Capt. Pierce, 
John Lothrope, 
Thomas Savery, 
Jeremiah Barstow, 
Joseph retry, 



Thomas Little, 
John Burro* s, 
John Low, 



John Sprague, 



Benjamin Nye, 

John Gibbs, 



Lieut. Fuller, 
Samuel Linnet, 



From Scituate, 15 Slain. 

Samuel Russell, 

Gerslmm Dndson, 
Joseph Wade, 
John Ensign, 
John Rowse, 

Mansfield, 9 Slain. 
John Mams, 

Joseph Phillips, 



More 



Duxbury, 4 Slain. 

Benjamin Soal, 
Joshua Fobes. 



Benjamin Chittenden, 
Samuel Pratt, 
William Wilcome, 
Joseph Cowen, 

? 



Joseph White, 
Samuel Bump, 

John Brance. 



Thomas Hunt, 



Sandwich, ;") Slain. 

Daniel Bessi 

Stephen Wing. 

Barnstable, G Slain. 

John Lewi8, 
Samuel Childs, 

Yannouth, 5 Slain. 
John Gage, William Gage, 



Caleb Blake, 



Eleazer Clapp, 

Samuel Bereman. 



John Matthews, 

Henry Gage, Henry Gold. 

Eastham, 8 Slain. 
Joseph Nessefield, John Walker, John M (torn off.) 

(Rehoboth?), 2 Slain. 
John Fitz, Jr., John Miller, Jr. 

The paper is much worn and multilated, so that the mimes of 
several are lost. It is said that Miller and Fitz were of Rehoboth, 
and probably others. Seven or eight names are needed, in addition, 
to make up the fifty-five. 

[To be continued.] 



EMIGRANTS TO ST. JOHN, N. B., 1783. 

Communicated by Samuel Raymond, Esq., of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

The following document is from the Daily Telegraph, St. John, N. B., 
August 29, 1889. The Rev. William O. Raymond, who sent it to me, 
writes: "The document is now in the possession of William Fyler Dibblee, 
Woodstock, N. B. The ship l Union ' was the first to arrive in St. John, 
bringing her complement of the five thousand * Loyalist ' refugees landed 



72 



Emigrants to St. John, JV. B. 



[Jan. 



here during the summer of 1783. 'Widow Mary Raymond' was 2d wife 
of Samuel 12 (see page 8, Raymond Genealogy) and ' Silas Raymond' was 
her youngest child (see page 13). It would appear that the Connecticut 
' Loyalists ' took refuge on Long Island during the close of Revolutionary 
War, and embarked from Huntington. There were two fleets, known as 
the ' Spring' fleet and ' Fall' fleet. The 18th May is here a public holiday 
in honor of the founding of this city by the arrival of the main part of 
the 'Spring fleet' in 1783." 

Return of the Famelies, etc., Embarked on Board the Union Transport, 

Consett Wilson, Blaster, Began Huntington Bay April l\th, 

and Gompleated April 16th, 1783. 



Signers Names. 



Fyler Dibblee 

Walter Dibblee 

William Dibblee 

John Lyon 

John Lyon, Jr 

Reuben Lyon 

David Picket 

Joseph Caswell 

Ephraim Deforest 

Ebenezer Slokum 

William Boon 

Seth Squiers 

Seth Squiers, Jr 

John Baker 

Abram Carrington .... 

William Straight 

Seth Seely 

Seth Seely, Jr 

John Hendrickson .... 

Israel Hait 

Widow Mary Raymond 

Nathan Shippy 

Martin Trecarty 

Silas Raymond 

Jeremiah Holcomb .... 

George Happie 

Joseph Rothburn 

James Picket 

Lewis Picket 

John Underwood 

Widow Ruth Nichols. 

Johannes Chick 

John Chick 

Walter Bates 

John Gordon 

Joseph Lyon 

Simon Losee 

Thomas Carle 

Jacob Maybee 

William Maybee 

Widow Hester Buiiock 



o2 

-P o 



Pi d 

O 



~2 <=> 

o 



Former place of Abode. 



Stamford, Connecticut. . . 
do do ... 

do do 

Reading, do ... 

do do 

do do 

Stamford, do ... 

Massachusetts 

Reading, Connecticut. . . . 

Rhode Island 

do 

Stratford, Connecticut. . . 
do do 

Massachusetts 

Milford, Connecticut.... 

Killingsworth, do .... 

Stamford, do .... 

do do .... 

Duches County 

Norwalk, Connecticut... 
do do 

Duches County 

do 

. . Norwalk, Connecticut. . . 
. . JHackingsack, Jersey .... 

Duches County 

Rhode Island 

Norwalk, Connecticut. . . 

do do 

Newport, Rhode Island. . 

do do 

Eaton's Neck, Long Island 

do do 

Stamford, Connecticut. . . 
Danbury, do ... 

Connecticut 

Long Island 

Duches County 

do 

do 

Norwalk, Connecticut... 



Occupation. 



Attorney-at-Law. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Blacksmith. 

Shoemaker. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Seaman. 

Farmer. 

Refiner of Iron. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Shoemaker. 

Carpenter. 

Carpenter. 

Carpenter. 

Farmer. 

Shoemaker. 

Farmer. 

Carpenter. 

Carpenter. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Shoemaker. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 



1890.] 



Genealogical Gleanings in England. 



73 



Stephen Fountain 

Thomas Burdin 

George Sweet 

Thomas "Wade 

Abram Dickerman. . . . 

Eleazor Slokum 

Samuel Boon 

Massy Harris 

George Lumsden 

Robert Comely 

John Fowler 

John Hand 

Elias Scribner 

Hesekiah Scribner. . . . 
Thaddeus Scribner... 

Joseph Ferris 

Gideon Coree 

Solomon Tucker 

Daniel Smith 

Andrew Jostlin 

Abel Bardsley 

Ephraim Lane 

John Marvin 

John Seaman 



66 



35 59 



4a 2 



Stamford, Connecticut. . . 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

do 

New Haven, Connecticut 

M.-sachusetts 

Rhode Island 

do 

New Haven, Connecticut 

Pensylvania 

Massachusetts 

East New Jersey 

Norwalk, Connecticut... 

do do 

do do ... 

Newtown, do 

Rhode Island 

Stamford, Connecticut. . . 
Milford, do . . . 

Rhode Island 

Fairfield, Connecticut.. . . 

do do .... 
Norwalk, do .... 
Duehes County 



Blacksmith. 

Farmer. 

\S ncelwright. 

Farmer. 

Shoemaker. 

Seaman. 

Farmer. 

Shoemaker. 

Mason. 

Farmer. 

( larpenter. 

Shoemaker. 

Farmer. 

Shoemaker. 

Joiner. 

( 'ooper. 

Weaver, 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 



65 Signers; 35 Women; 59 Children over 10 years old; 48 Children under 10 years 
old; 2 Servants. Total, 209. 

A True Return Test, 



(Signed) 



FYLER DIBBLEE, D. Agt. 



GENEALOGICAL GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND. 

By Henry F. Waters, A.M. 
[Continued from vol. xliii. page 428.] 

The Ancestry of Washington. 

No. II. 

Since the publication of the pamphlet on the Ancestry of Wash- 
ington contributions of interesting additional matter have been 
received from various friends and correspondents. 

Mr. Blaydes sent some notes which appeared so important that it 
was thought well to send them to the N. Y. Nation , in order that 
attention might generally be drawn to them. The following is a 
reprint of the communication to the Nation. 

To the Editor of the Nation : 

Sir: The following very important contribution towards the history of 
the Washington family has just been received from a well-known English 
antiquary, in friendly response to the suggestion made by Mr. Whitmore, 
that the aid of our English friends might confidently be looked for. 
VOL. xliv. 7* 



74 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

Mr. F. A. Blaydes, the editor of the Bedfordshire Notes and Queries, 
writes under date of November 8 : 

11 Some fifteen years ago, when I was first bitten with the mania for searching 
registers, I have a faint recollection of finding the name Washington of frequent 
occurrence on some register that I went through. It was somewhere not far 
from Luton, but whether Toddington, Chalgrove, or Hockliffe, I cannot now 
say for certain. However, I forward you a few data, bearing on your work, 
one being a Washington marriage, which I hope will be of use. 

NOTES FROM LUTON, CO. BEDS. REGISTER. 

1663 Dec. 22. Washington, Mary, d. of Mr. Lawrence and Mary, bapt. 
[Bishop's Transcripts.] 

1668 Nov. 20, Freeman. Mrs. Mary, d. of Mr. Thomas [sic] and Mistress Hester, 
bapt. [Parish Register.] 

1675 Jan. 14. Freeman, John, son of Mr. John \_sic~] and Esther, bapt. [Bish- 
op's Transcripts.] 

1660 Jan. 26. Washington — Jones. Lawrence, gen. and Mrs. Mary, married. 
[Bishop's Transcripts.] 

" The will of Edmund Jones of Luton, gent., dated 8 Mar., 1682 (buried in 
the parish church of Luton, 19 May, 1683), mentions grandchild Mary Wash- 
ington, to whom he bequeaths 40 shillings. Proved at Bedford 24 June, 1689." 

[It will be noted that three of these entries are from the Bishop's Tran- 
scripts of the parish records. Mr. Freeman is termed Thomas in the first — 
an undoubted error, whether made in the " Transcript " or by Mr. Blaydes 
in copying.] 

Here we have made known to us the maiden name and parentage of the 
first wife of Lawrence Washington of Virginia, the dates of their marriage 
and of the baptism of their daughter Mary, to whom, it will be remembered, 
her father gave all his property in England by his last will and testament. 
And it should not be forgotten that it was to Edmund Jones that letters of 
administration on Lawrence Washington's goods in England were granted. 

Two or three years ago I myself went to Luton to examine the parish 
registers, but, though I reached the place early in the forenoon, it was not 
until afternoon that I was able to get access to them. I looked rapidly 
over the entries down to the year 1658, inclusive, and, finding nothing, 
hurried back to London. At that time, I suppose, everybody believed that 
Lawrence Washington was married and in Virginia in 1658 and onward. 
It now seems doubtful when he actually settled there. I have made no 
thorough examination of the Feet of Fines later than those of the year 
1657. They should be searched for ten years further at least. Now that 
we know the Christian name of his wife, any conveyance of land in or about 
Tring, made by Lawrence and Mary Washington, would be good evidence 
to prove that Lawrence of Tring and Lawrence of Luton and Virginia 
were one and the same. Knowing, too, the place and date of the marriage, 
it might be worth the while to hunt for the marriage license, with the hope 
to learn thence his place of nativity. If there are extant in Luton any 
borough or guild records, we might get help from them. If young Law- 
rence Washington was apprenticed to any tradesman in Luton, the book of 
apprenticeships in which his indenture was enrolled would undoubtedly 
settle the question of his parentage and place of nativity. 

I would call attention to the fact that Lawrence Washington of Virginia 
is now shown to have married his first wife in 1660, which helps us to form 
an opinion as to his age. Lawrence of Tring must then have been twenty- 
five years old, which answers very well. Let me also call renewed attention 
to the interesting and important part played in my story by Mr. John 



1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 75 

Freeman of Luton, whom we find having children baptized, borne by his 
wife Hester. It was this John Freeman of Luton whom Mrs. Elizabeth 
Fitzherbert, aunt of Lawrence Washington of Tring, appointed executor of 
her will and trustee of her real estate in Tring and Middleton Stony. His 
wife Hester, we have found, was a daughter of William Roades of Middle 
Claydon, and so a cousin of Lawrence Washington of Tring. Hither to 
this parish of Luton, from somewhere in England, came a young Lawrence 
Washington to marry his first wife, in 1660. Can any one doubt that it was 
from Tring that he came? If this is granted, my whole case must be 
allowed; for Lawrence of Luton and Lawrence of Virginia were surely 
one and the same, while Lawrence of Tring was clearly the son of a 
clergyman of the same name, and that clergyman can have been no other 
than the Fellow of Brasenose, whose pedigree was known. 

Henry F. Waters. 

[At the risk of seeming superfluous, I venture to point out that these 
extracts prove the identity of Lawrence Washington of Luton, whose first 
wife was Mary Jones, with the emigrant to Virginia. (1.) Because Law- 
rence died in Virginia and his will was proved January 6, 1677. Adminis- 
tration was granted in May, 1677, to Edmund Jones, principal creditor, on 
estate of Lawrence Washington formerly of Luton, County Beds., deceased 
in Virginia. No one can doubt that these entries refer to the only known 
emigrant. 

(2.) Edmund Jones is clearly the father-in-law of Lawrence, and men- 
tions his grandchild Mary Washington. Lawrence Washington of Virginia, 
in his will, gives all his property in England to his daughter Mary and the 
heirs of her body, and, failing them, to her half-brother and sister, children 
of his second wife. This devise, moreover, makes it a moral certainty that 
Mary was an only child by the first wife, agreeing exactly with what the 
Luton records show. 

(3.) It has been supposed that Lawrence came to Virginia with his 
brother John, about the year 1657. But this rests solely upon Gen. George 
Washington's statement that such was the family tradition. But George 
was descended from John, the brother of Lawrence, and, even at that time, 
a century after the emigration, the two families seem to have drifted apart. 
There are many Washingtons in Virginia not descended from John, who 
were not clearly traced even to Lawrence. 

Now, Mr. Brock's citations from the Virginia Land Registry show grants 
to John Washington as early as 1661, in connection with Thomas Pope, 
but the earliest entry to Lawrence is September 27, 1667, jointly with 
Robert Richards. Is there any evidence that Lawrence was here before 1667 ? 

If Lawrence married Mary Jones at Luton in 1660, and had a daughter 
Mary in December, 1663, and no other child, is it not a fair inference that 
the mother died soon after, and that Lawrence then turned his steps 
towards his brother John, already well established in Virginia, and became 
resident there about the date of his purchase of land in Stafford county as 
above cited ? W. H. Whitmore.] 

George E. Cokayne, M.A., F.S.A., Norroy King of Arms, 
sent notes of matriculation at Oxford (1581 to 1714) of a dozen 
individuals bearing the family name of Washington, from which we 
extract the following as bearing especially on this Northamptonshire 
line. 



76 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [Jan. 

1588, Dec. 6, Christopher, s. of "gent.," co. Northam., 15, Oriel. 

" " " William " " " ' " " 11, " 

1594, Nov. [ — ], Lawrence s. of "gent.," Herts., 15, Balliol. 
1621, Nov. 2, Lawrence, s. of "gent.," co. Nmpton., 19, Brasenose. 
1638, May 4, Lawrence, s. of Lawrence, Kn*., London, aged 15, 

S*. John's. 

Of the above list Christopher and William were undoubtedly sons 
of Robert Washington of Sulgrave (see Pedigree), and Lawrence 
(1594) was the son of Lawrence Washington, Esq., the Register of 
the court of Chancery, who then lived in Much Hadham, Herts. 
He succeeded to the office of Registrar and was knighted. The 
second Lawrence in the list (who was matriculated in 1621) was 
the Fellow of Brasenose and father (probably) of the Virginians. 
The last Lawrence (1638) was the father of Lady Ferrars. 

I visited Much Hadham, and, through the kindness of the Revds. 
S. S. Pearce and E. M. W. Templeman, was enabled to examine 
Parish Registers, whence I gleaned the following : — 

Baptized. 

5 April 1579 Lawrence the sonn of Lawrence Washington gent. 
4 May 1580 Clement sonn of Lawrence Washington gent. 

4 February 1581(2) Mary daughter of Lawrence Washington gent. 

22 January 1583(4) (26 th Eliz.) Clement sonn of Lawrence Washington 
gent. 

Burials. 

28 Sept. 1579 Clement Newce Esquier. 

5 May 1580 Clement sonn of Lawrence Washington gent. 
26 Aug. 1582 Mistresse Mary Newce widdow. 

From the Much Hadham Church Monthly for November, 1889, 
sent me by the Rev. Mr. Templeman, I learn that Clement Newce, 
Esq., his father (Thomas) and his grandfather all lived in the house 
which originally stood on the site of the present mansion in the 
village known as Much Hadham Hall. I examined the will of Mr. 
Newce, which was proved 23 November, 1579, but as it was 17 July, 
1564 (before the marriage of his daughter to Lawrence Washington) , 
I found nothing that seemed to me worth preserving here. His 
wife's name was then Mary, and he provided for his burial within 
the parish church and willed " that a stone be layed upon my grave 
and that thereon be fixed in plates graved with the pictures of my 
selfe and my wife and all my children and the armes of London, the 
mercers' armes, the armes of fflaunders and mine owne armes." 
These brasses still remain in excellent preservation, and the Rev. Mr. 
Pearce was kind enough to give me a rubbing of them which he had 
recently made. The Rev. Alexander Nowell, D.D., Dean of St. 
Paul's, was rector of Hadham, 1562-1589, and was succeeded by the 
Rev. Theophilus Aylmer or Elmer, D.D., second son of John, 
Bishop of London. 

From the Rev. Philip Slaughter, D.D., Mitchell's Station, Cul- 



1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 11 

peper Co., Virginia, some notes concerning this branch of the 
Northamptonshire family have been received, which were written in 
1880 by Mr. Conway Robinson, the learned jurist and historian, 
and printed in 1881. Mr. Robinson states: 

It appears as to Lawrence Wasshington of Sulgrave, in Northampton 
county, that this second son, also named Lawrence, was entered of Gray's 
Inn in 1571, called to the bar in 1582, had a country residence at Jordon's 
Hall, Maidstone, and was Registrar of the Court of Chancery from March 
24, 1593, until the end of that reign; that he was in King James' first 
parliament ( 1 GO.'i) a member for Maidstone, and assisted by deputies, con- 
tinued personally to discharge the duties of the office of Registrar until his 
death, on Dec. 21, 1G19, at his house in Chancery Lane; that he was then 
succeeded in the office of Registrar by his son Laurence Washington, who 
was, in 1G27, knighted by King Charles the First, and held the office of 
Registrar until 1643, when he died at Oxford and was buried at Garsden, 
his residence in Wiltshire. 

Lawrence Washington of Maidstone is omitted in the Genealogical 
Table published by Jared Sparks in his writings of Washington, Edi. 
1837, Vol. L, pp. 552, 553.* 

My friend Mr. Phillimore also contributes the following paper 
(sent to the editor). 

Mr. Waters's long looked for pamphlet has just arrived. None can 
doubt his wisdom in printing these valuable notes at once, instead of waiting 
until he had absolute legal proof of the identity of the father of the Tring 
Washinjjtons with the Rev. Lawrence Washington, rector of Purleijdi. 
One need not be very sanguine in hoping that this legal proof will soon 
come. Every scrap of evidence should be at once published, whether 
dealing directly with the Virginian Washingtons or their collaterals, and this 
will be a sufficient excuse for sending the following notes: — 

P. 31 of Mr. Waters's pamphlet, line 2 from foot, for Northampton read 
Nottingham.^ 

P. 42. The Pope family. John Washington the emigrant married 
Ann Pope. Evidently from the will of Thomas Pope of Bristol, 1G85, 
quoted by Mr. Waters, she was of a Gloucestershire family. As her father 
was Nathaniel, and her brother Thomas, it is perhaps worth noting that the 
will, dated and proved in 1738, of Elizabeth Phillimore of Cam, Gloucester- 
shire, widow of Josiah Phillimore, names Elizabeth and Mary, daughters 
of her brother Nathaniel Pope, and her nephew and niece John and Eliza- 
beth, children of her brother Thomas Pope. These Popes were of Cam. 

Pages 52 and 53, Mr. Waters mentions a William Roades of Finemore, 
1657, and suggests that as Fine More hill is near Edgecote and Quainton, 
the records of those places should be searched. But it is more probable^ 

* It is also omitted by Baker and other writers, but is not omitted in the Visitation of 
Northamptonshire. As it is not in the president's line of ancestry, it does not affect his 
pedigree. — Editor. 

t I am obliged to my friend for calling my attention to this error, into which I was led 
by following copy. The error appears in the Visitation of Northampton, published by the 
Harleian Society. — h. f. w. 

X I disagree with mv friend entirely. In my first investigations among the maps of the 
region about Middle Claydon, 1 noticed both Finemcre, Oxfordshire and Fine More Hill, 
just south of Middle Claydon Park, and the rector of Middle Claydon, with whom I 
talked it over, spoke of the latter place as near by, through the woods. Since then I have 
noted on another old map the name Finemore Farm. I have little doubt that investigation 
wid show that this Farm was among the estates of the Verney family. Perhaps those 
geldings were kept there. — h. f. w. 



78 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [Jan. 

that it ought to be identified with a village in Oxfordshire on the borders 
of Buckinghamshire, five miles from Buckingham, now called Finmere but 
anciently Finemore. At any rate inquiry about the Roades family should 
be made there. 

In passing the " Lichfield Wills" through the press for the "Index 
Library," a solitary Washington will has just come to light. It is that of 
an Agnes Washington, 1547; residence not given in calendar. As far as 
the work has at present gone this is the only will of the name in the Lich- 
field Registry. But search has not yet extended later than 1562. 

W. P. W. Phillimore, 124 Chancery Lane, London. 

And my young friend Mr. Leland L. Duncan, who is doing ad- 
mirable work among the records for his own county (Kent), has 
sent me the following note from 

Christeninges in the Parrish of Chisselherst in Kent. 1614. 
Lawrence sonne of Lawrence Washington and Anne his wife was chris- 
tened on y e 24 th daie of July in the place at Modingha,* generosi. 

This must have been a son of Sir Lawrence who died young, the 
Lawrence matriculated in 1638 being several years younger. 

Henry F. Waters. 

[The will of Lawrence Washington, son of the emigrant and grandfather of 
the President, and the annotations on it by Mr. John C. J. Brown, are printed in 
these Gleanings (Register, vol. 43, pp. 81-3). Mr. Brown's suspicions in re- 
gard to the Washington pedigree in Mr. Albert Welles's book were well founded, 
as the researches of Col. Chester and Mr. Waters prove. 

Mildred, the widow of the above Lawrence Washington, went to England, 
and in November, 1700, applied for a grant of probate on the estate of her late 
husband. At this time she was the wife of George Gale of Whitehaven, Cum- 
berland. Two months later she died and was buried at St. Nicholas', Whitehaven, 
Jan. 30, 1700-1. The discovery of her will and other records in relation to her 
by Mr. J. C. C. Smith of Somerset House, London, led to the publication of an 
interesting article by that gentleman in the Genealogist (London, January, 1883) 
vol. 7, pp. 1-3, entitled, " New Notes on the Ancestry of George Washington," 
a valuable contribution to the Washington research. — Editor.] 

Rev. John Nassau Simpkinson, the rector of Brington, by the publication of 
his historical novel of " The Washingtons" in 1860, and by his speech at the 
dinner in London on Washington's birth-day in 1862, revived the interest in the 
pedigree which has Anally been satisfied by Mr. Waters's researches. Mr. 
Simpkinson was in full and confidential communication with the late Col. 
Chester, and has kindly informed us that the following facts were in the 
possession of Mr. Chester, and were discussed by him with his friends. 

1. Administration of the goods of Amphilis Washington to her son John. 

2. Adm. of Lawrence W., late of Luton, who died in Virginia. 

3. The will of Theodore Pargiter, 1656 (the one printed by Mr. Waters, 

Parti, pp. 84-5). 

" Col. Chester was thrown off the scent by the saying of the great President 
that the emigrants came from a northern county, and latterly he thought he 
had found the man he was looking for somewhere in the north, Durham, I think, 
or Northumberland. Of this, however, he would not tell me, reserving himself 
for an irrefragable proof of his disco very." 

Mr. George E. Cockayne, who was Col. Chester's executor, writes that he 
has not found in the papers left to him the deed which Col. Chester possessed, 
and which he thought was made by one of the emigrant Washingtons. Mr. 
Cockayne has also as yet no trace to the law-suit in which Rev. Lawrence W. 
was concerned when rector of Purleigh ; but he has kindly promised to make 
search therefor. 

These facts are worth mentioning as showing how much Col. Chester had 
found; and, I may add, as a proof that it is perhaps wiser to print facts as fast 

* Mottingham. 



1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 79 

as obtained, even when not exhaustive of any subject, as thereby the attention 
of other antiquaries is directed to the deficiencies which their notes may make 
good. — \V. II. WiiiTMoiu;. 

Bishop Meade's " Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia," vol. 2, 
pages 107-8, contains an abstract of the will of John Washington, the emigrant. 
The will Ls dated February 26, l*;7r, (that is, l<;75-<;). and was proved the loth of 
January, KJ77 (that is, 1G77-8). Bishop Meade prefixes this statement : — •• I have 
obtained, by the help of a friend, the will of John Washington, which %\a.-> 
recorded at West moreland Court House, and whose original Is still there In an 
old book of wills, though In a somewhat mutilated form.*' Neither the record 
nor the original will can now be found. Mr. Brock, of Richmond, writes me: 
" Some years ago, in 1877, In behalf of our lamented friend Col. Chester, I made 
numerous inquiries for the will of John Washington, of friends and the county 
court clerks of Westmoreland. Essex, Richmond, Northampton and Stafford 
counties, without avail and without finding a document with the signature of 
John Washington. The will has certainly disappeared from the records of 
Westmoreland county. I have since left no Influence untried, hut have learned 
of no traceof the will." Mr. Greenwood, who furnishes as with a copy of the will 
of Lawrence Washington, obtained in L873, tried at the same time to gel a copy of 
the will of his brother John, hut without success. Mr. Moncure D. Conway, in 
an article in the New York Nation., Oct. 24 last, says: "The Ber. Dr. E. C. 
McGuire, writing in 1836, says that the will in question was then at Mount 
Vernon, with the endorsement , -The Will of Lieutenant Colonel Washington/ 
Dr. McGuire married a daughter of Roberl Lewis, Washington's nephew and 
private Secretary, and his statement is of sufficient weight to cause the heir- of 
Judge Bushrod Washington, who inherited Mount Vernon, to institute a general 
search. For even if the document referred to was a copy of the will, it would 
be of high value in directing rightly the researches " relating to the Wa>hingtons. 
Bishop Meade's abstract follows. — Editor.] 

" In the name of God, Amen. I, John Washington, of Washington 
parish, in the county of Westmoreland, in Virginia, gentleman, being of 
good and perfect memory, thanks be unto Almighty God for it, and calling 
to remembrance the uncertain state of this transitory life, that all flesh 
must yield unto death, do make, constitute, and ordain this my last will 
and testament and none other. And first, being heartily sorry, from the 
bottom of my heart, for my sins past, most humbly desiring forgiveness 
of the same from the Almighty God, my Saviour and Redeemer, in whom 
and by the merits of Jesus Christ I trust and believe assuredly to be saved, 
and to have full remission and forgiveness of all my sins, and that my soul 
with my body at the general resurrection shall rise again with joy." 

Again he repeats the same sentiment, hoping " through the merits of 
Jesus Christ's death and passion to possess and inherit the kingdom of 
heaven prepared for his elect and chosen." He directs his body to be buried 
on the plantation upon which he lived, by the side of his wife and two 
children. He then proceeds to distribute his property, which he says it has 
pleased God to give him " far above his deserts." After dividing a number 
of landed estates between his second and surviving wife and his children, — 
John, Laurence and Anne, — and also his property in England, he directs 
that a funeral sermon be preached and no other funeral kept, and that a 
tablet with the Ten Commandments be sent for to England and given to 
the church. I think, also, that he directs four thousand-weight of tobacco 
to be given to the minister, though of this I am not certain, some words 
being lost. He leaves one thousand pounds to his brother-in-law, Thomas 
Pope, and one thousand pounds and four thousand-weight of tobacco to 
his sister, wHo had come or was coming over to this country. He makes 
his wife and brother Laurence his executors. 

[The Rev. Edward D. Neill, D.D., in his Address on Washington, delivered at 



80 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [Jan. 

St. Paul, Feb. 22, 1889, says that the above John Washington " married after 
his first wife's death, the widow of Walter Brodhurst, whose maiden name was 
Anne Pope." Rev. Dr. Neill, in reply to an inquiry for the evidence, under date 
of Nov. 23, 1889, writes me as follows : 

" Until I receive a letter from Lilleshall, Shropshire, Eng., I cannot prepare 
such an article as I desire. This much is said to be true. John Washington 
married the widow Anne Brodhurst, whose maiden name was Pope. Her first 
husband's name was Walter; by whom she had several children, one of whom, 
Walter, lived during his last years at Lilleshall and there died. Walter was the 
son of William Brodhurst. William when he died left a legacy to his daughter- 
in-law. If these facts are correct, Walter Brodhurst and Lawrence Washington 
son of John were half-brothers. 

"In Neill's ' Founders of Maryland,' page 139, John Washington, in a letter 
under date of Sept. 30, 1659,* writes ' I intend to get my young sonne baptized. 
All y e Company and Gossips being already invited.' 

" The young son was probably Lawrence. He had three children by his last 
wife, — John, Lawrence, Anne." 

Mr. Brock of Richmond writes me concerning the Broadhurst connection, 
that the discovery of the marriage with Broadhurst was made by Col. Chester, 
in 1880, and Mr. Brock made research in Virginia in relation to the name. He 
sends the following items : 

Walter Broadhurst was a nfember of the House of Burgesses from Northum- 
berland Co., July, 1653. He died in 1656, leaving bequests to his wife Ann 
Broadhurst and son Walter. He was a son of William Broadhurst of co. Salop, 
Gent., England. His will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 
Nov. 19, 1658. 

Walter Broadhurst the elder came to Virginia in or prior to the year 1650. 
He was granted Oct. 4, 1650, 500 acres of land in Northumberland Co. Va. Land 
Registry, Book No. 2, p. 249. His son Walter was granted 300 acres, Dec. 9, 
1662. Book No. 4, p. 550. Gerard Broadhurst, probably another son, also 
received the same date 500 acres " near the land of Nath'l Pope." Book No. 4, 
p. 553. 

Mr. Isaac J. Greenwood of New York writes me : 

" Col. John 1 W., according to Meade, desires in his will to be buried on the 
plantation where he lives, by the side of his (first) wife and two children. I 
understand this old burial ground to have been k mile south of the homestead, 
on opposite side of Bridge's Creek, Westm'd Co. Here also his 2d son Law- 
rence 2 was buried in 1697, though he had settled in Gloucester Co., on the 
Pionkatank River, where there is also an old grave-yard. The latter's son John 3 
Washington, of the 3d generation, was a vestryman of Petsworth Parish, 
Gloucester Co., and a letterf of his to Messrs. Cary & Co. of London, dated July 
12, 1744, is extant, containing instructions for a tombstone with the arms. In 
April, 1864, there was exhibited in the " Dept. of Arms & Trophies " of the 
N. Y. Sanitary Fair, a steel rapier (point broken), with steel hilt apparently 
set originally with stones, said to have been brought from England by the 
Washington family and to have been presented by Gen. George Washington to 
Gen. John Caldwell of Md. (Query, — B. Gen. John Cadwallader?)" 

The following copy of the will of Lawrence Washington the emigrant and the 
brother of John, has been furnished for the Register by Mr. Greenwood. — 
Editor.] 

In the name of God Amen I Lawrence Washington of the County of 
Rappac being sick & weak of body but of sound and perfect memory do 
make & ordain this my last will & Testament hereby revoaking anulling & 
making void all former wills and Coddicills heretofore by me made either 
by word or writing & this only to be taken for my last will & testament. 
Imp 68 I give and bequeath my Soule into the hands of Almighty God hop- 

* The extract from the Maryland records containing this letter was first printed in the 
Historical Magazine for January, 1867, 2d series, vol. 1, pp. 29-30. — Editor. 

f Mentioned in an Autograph sale of Messrs. Southgate, Grhnston & Wells, No. 22 Fleet 
St., London, held June 2 and 3, 1830. 



1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 81 

ing and trusting through the mercy of Jesus Christ my one Savior and 
redeemer to receive full pardon & forgiveness of all my sins and my body 
to the earth to be buried in comely & decent manner by my P^xecutrix 
hereafter named & for my worldly goods I thus dispose them — Item I give 
and bequeath unto my loveing daughter Mary Washington my whole 
Estate in England both real & personal to her and the heirs of her body 
lawfully begotten forever to be delivered into her possession imediately 
after my decease by my Executrix hereafter named. I give & bequeath 
unto my afores d daughter Mary Washington my smallest Stone ring & 
one silver cup now in my possession to her & her heirs forever to be 
delivered to her imediately after my decease. I give & bequeath unto my 
loveing son John Washington all my books to him & his heirs forever, to 
be delivered to him when he shall come to the age of Twenty one years. 
I give & bequeath unto my son John & daughter Anne Washington all 
the rest of my plate but what is before exprest to be equally divided 
between them & delivered into their possession when they come of age. 
Item my will is that all my debts which of right & justice I owe to any 
man be justly & truly paid as also my funeral! expenses after which my 
will is, that all my whole Estate both real and personal be equally divided 
between my loving wife Jane Washington & the two children God hath 
given me by her viz.: John & Ann Washington. I give & bequeath it all 
to them & their heirs of their bodies lawfully beggotten forever, my sonn's 
part to be delivered to him when he comes of age & my daughters part 
when she comes of age or day of marriage which shall first happen. 

Item my will is that that land which became due to me in right of my 
wife lying on the South Side of the river formerly belonging to Cap* 
Alexander Flemming & commonly known by the name of West Falco be 
sold by my Executrix hereafter named for the payment of my debts im- 
mediately after my decease. Item my will is that the land I have formaly 
entered with Capt. W m Mosely be forthwith after my decease surveyed & 
pattented by my Exec x hereafter named, & if it shall amount to the quantity 
of one thousand acres, then I give & bequeath unto Alexander Barron two 
hundred acres of the s d land to him & his heirs forever the remainder I 
give & bequeath unto my loveing wife afores d & two children to them & 
their heirs forever to be equally divided between them. Item my will is 
that if it shall please God to take my daughter Mary out of this world 
before she comes of age or have heirs of her body lawfully begotten then I 
give & bequeath my land in England which by my will I have given to her, 
unto my son John Washington & his heirs & the psonall estate which I 
have given to her I give & bequeath the same unto my s d daughter Ann 
Washington & her heirs forever. Item I do hereby make & ordain my 
loving wife Jane Washington Executrix of this my last will & Testament 
to see it performed & I do hereby make & appoint my dear and loveing 
brother Coll . John Washington & my loveing friend Thomas Hawkins in 
case of the death or neglect of my Executrix to be the overseers & guard- 
ians of my children untill they come of age to the truth whereof I have 
hereunto sett my hand & seal this 27 of September 1675. 

Lawrence Washington [Seal.] 

Signed Sealed & declared to be his last will & testament 
in the presence of us 

Cornelius Wood 

John B. Barron 

Henry Sandy Jun r . 
VOL. xliv. 8 



82 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

A Codicill of the last will & Testament of Lawrence Washington annexed 
to his will & made September 27 th 1675. Item my will is that my part of 
the land I now live upon which became due to me by marriage of my wife 
I leave it wholly & solely to her disposal after my decease as witness my 
hand the day & year above written. 

Lawrence Washington [Seal.] 

Signed Sealed & declared to be a codicil of my last will & testament 
in the presence of us 

Cornelius Wood 
Henry Sandy Jun r . 

The above named Henry Sandy Jun r aged 17 years or thereab ts sworn 
& examined saith that he did see the above named Lawrence Washington 
sign seale & publish the above mentioned to be his last will & testament & 
that he was in perfect sense and memory at the signing sealing & publish- 
ing thereof to the best of your deponents judgement. Henry Sandy. 

Iuratus est Henricus Sandy in Cur. Com. Rapp ac 
Sexto, die Janu'y An°. 1677. 

J3 Sacrm 1 p 1 probat d et recordat r 

Test Edm d Crask Clk. Co. 
A Copy Teste James Roy Micou Clk. 

Oct. 25, 1873. Essex Co., Va. 

[Rapac Co. from 1653 to '92 was on either side of the Rapac River, extending 
for some miles up to the falls above Fredericksburgh. 

Col. John Washington settled on the Potomac, Westm'd Co. (Washington 
Parish) ; his brother Lawrence, says Meade, may have settled at first on the 
same river and afterwards have located on the Rappahannock river, in the 
county of the same name (Littleburne Parish), — not so very far off, as neither 
parish was over five miles wide. 

1686, Aug. 2. — John Washington, master of sloop Two Sisters, having import- 
ed some brandy which had not been landed in England, had informa tn lodged 
against him in Co. of Adm., for viola* 11 of navigation laws. — Col. Doc. of N. Y., 
xxxiv. p. 40. 

Robert Washington writes Congress, from Williamsburgh, Va., 29 July, 1775, 
offering his services and speaks of his experience obtained on the Continent 
during the last war. — Am. Arch. S. iv. ; vol. ii. 1750. 

I cannot find his name on the British Army Lists. I. J. Greenwood. 

Mr. William John Potts, of Camden, N. J., in the Nation, Nov. 28, 1889, 
states that in 1874 he discovered in the index of the Surrogate's office in Charles- 
ton, S. C, an entry of the will or letters of administration of John Wash- 
ington, the date of which he and one of the officials supposed to be about 
1680. The early wills were in such confusion that he did not attempt to find the 
original. The editor of the Register wrote to Mr. Langdon Cheves, of 
Charleston, on this subject, and he replied Dec. 12, 1889 : 

" I acknowledged in my last your letter in regard to administration on 
goods of John Washington mentioned in the Nation of Nov. 28 (which I had 
not seen) , as in the Probate Court here. I went at once to the Probate Court 
and found the entry in the old index.* But have neither then nor since been 
able to find anything more either there or among my own memoranda. All the 
early original papers were burnt in Columbia. The only early records now in 
the Probate Court are some of the Record Books ; they are unindexed (except for 
a table of contents), but my mem a include a pretty complete index of names up to 
about 1700. And I do not think any record of the adm'n now exists in that 
office. A good many of the old records are in the State House at Columbia, but 
they are almost without indices & not very accessible. 

* " Washington, John, Inv'ty, F. 43." 



1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 83 

There are two of the old Indices, one evidently copied from the other. They 
are bare lists of names with the letter & number Indicating the Box or bundle in 
which the papers relating to that person's estate were filed and their position in 
that bundle. The letters on the bundles indicate In a very vague and uncertain 
way their dates; the packages were ei Idently put up not very Long ago, and with 
no regard to dale, except that papers that had been together, to some degree were 
kept so. Frequently the will and inventory are widely separated. I think the 
date 1680 far too early (though there is no reason why a 1680 will might not be 
in any one of the earlier " single letter" bundles. After entering on the double 
letters, ' 2 A s ' '2 I> s ' <£c. the papers run in more regular order.) I judge that 
the administration on John Washington's estate was granted between L710and 
1715, probably about 1711. The Record Book for that time is missing." 

Mr. William Francis Cregar of Annapolis. Md., has Benl me a list of fourteen 
persons by the name of Pope, who settled in Maryland between the years 1634 
and 1683. "Francis Tope," he writes, "was the flrsl to arrive and settled in 

that part of Maryland which afterwards became Charles County. Nathaniel 
Pope and wife arrived in Maryland prior to Hits. Settlers on both the Virginia 
and Maryland banks of the Potomac frequently crossed the river. — EDITOR. 

Records of (fharlrs at;/ Conn/;/ Court. — " Robert Washington of Wapping in 
y e parish of Stepney and 8oin,[?] Middlesex, Mariner, appoints M' Pearson his 
attorney; mentions bonds, bills, tobaccos, sugars, houses, chattels, sums of 
money. 29 July, 1660. Proved at a Court held 3 Dec. L660. 

Records of General Courts James City County. — At a court held 12 Oct. 1675. 
"Edward Washington indicted for murthering \V m Norcotl was found by the 
petty jury to be guilty of manslaughter, for which he was burnt in the hand." — 
R. A. Brock.] 

Before these notes are closed let me say that I have in mv collections 
numerous Washington notes, which I have not published as they do not 
seem to relate to this especial line. He NET F. Waters. 



John Oxenbridge, preacher of the word of God in Coventry and late 
minister of Southam in the County of Warwick, 18 September 1(517, proved 
2 June 1618. 

Whereas Mary Oxenbridge my well beloved wife is stated in the con- 
veyance of my house and garden with the appertenances in Bishopsgate 
Street in Coventry and joined purchaser with me in the same house my will 
and desire is that the same house and garden with the appurtenances may 
fully and lawfully be assured and confirmed to my said wife so that she may 
hold and peaceably enjoy the same as her fee simple for term of her life. — 
then after her decease the inheritance and the fee simple of the same &c, 
according to the last will and testament of my daughter Gilbie deceased, 
may come as of special right to the four daughters now living of my said 
daughter Gilbie &c. To my said wife all my brass and all my plate and 
pewter, linen, beddings, and all things thereunto belonging with all other 
implements and utensils whatsoever belonging to the household except 
those implements which are named and set down in an Inventory and now 
remaining in the said house in Bishopsgate Street, all which were bought 
with the house and so not to be removed &c. To my wife also such and so 
many of my English books as she shall make choice of. All the rest of my 
said books I do give to my son Daniel Oxenbridge. Whereas my said son 
Daniel by an accompt under his hand doth now stand indebted unto me in 
the sum of six score pounds and upward &c. I do give to his virtuous 
mother my beloved wife the just sum of six score pounds, to be paid unto 
her by my said son within four years after my decease, t. e. thirty pounds a 



84 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

year. All other debts of my son Daniel, over and above the said sum, I 
do give to my said son and absolutely remit and free him from being charged 
with the same forever hereafter. To the poor of the parish of Southam in 
the County of Warwick twenty shillings within three months &c. To the 
poor almsmen of Bablake and their nurse eleven shillings &c, i. e. to 
each a shilling apiece. To Hope Gellibrand my grand child a piece of plate 
worth in value four nobles or thereabouts. What my childrens' children 
and my great grand children shall have I leave it to the discretion of my 
said wife. 

All the rest to my wife Mary Oxenbridge, and I make her the sole 
executrix. The overseers to be my son Daniel Oxenbridge and Oliver 
Bowls. Wit: James Cranford, John Pole. Meade, 65. 

Daniel Oxenbridge of London, Doctor of Physick, 21 December 1641, 
proved 12 September 1642. To my son Clement Oxenbridge, during the 
term of his natural life, the annual sum of twenty pounds, to be paid at four 
feasts or terms in the year, i. e. at the Feast of the Annunciatiou of the 
Virgin Mary, the Nativity of St. John the Baptist, St. Michael the Arch- 
angel and the Birth of our Saviour Christ, by equal portions and to be 
issuing, during the joint lives of my wife and my said son, out of my lands 
and tenements in the parishes of St. Stephen, Colman Street, London, and 
Brodericke in the County of Northumberland, and after my wife's decease 
then to be issuing out of my said lands and tenements only in the parish of 
St Stephen, Colman Street. These (latter) tenements &c. I give (charged 
with the said annual sum &c) unto Katherine my well beloved wife, during 
the term of her natural life, and after her decease to my son John Oxen- 
bridge and his heirs for ever. All my lands at Brodericke &c (charged as 
above) I give to my wife Katherine &c, then to my son Daniel Oxen- 
bridge and his heirs forever. 

I give and devise unto my said son John and his heirs for ever all my 
lands in the Sommer Islands. To my wife the messuage or tenement 
wherein I now dwells with the appurtenances, situate in St Sythes Lane in 
London, during so long time of my lease and term therein as she shall hap- 
pen to live. After her decease the remainder of the lease to my son 
Daniel. To son Daniel all my part and share in the Tynne Farm, he to 
pay and discharge the sum of three hundred pounds for which I stand bound 
unto my son-in-law M r Edmond Hunt for his wife's portion. I give to my 
daughter Langhorne ten pounds and to my grand child Daniel Langhorne 
forty pounds, and to all the rest of my son and daughter Langhorne's chil- 
dren live pounds apiece. To my daughter Fowler ten pounds and to her 
daughter Katherine ten pounds. Item I give to my cousin (sic) Item I 
give to my daughter Cockroft ten pounds and to her three children five 
pounds apiece. 

My wife Katherine and son Daniel to be co-executors. My brother Sir 
Job Harby and my three sons-in-law William Langhorne, John Fowler 
and Caleb Cockroft to be overseers and to receive five pounds apiece. 

To Robert Bincks twenty shillings. To my late old servant Thomas 
Shawe twenty shillings. To the widow Clarke twenty shillings, To my 
kinsman Thomas Clarke twenty shillings. To my cousin Hoare's wife 
twenty shillings. To my servants Mary Hart, Mary Hart and my man 
William twenty shillings apiece. To my well beloved sister the lady Harby 
my best book in my study which she shall make choice of. The rest to my 
two executors. 

Wit: Isaac Justin, Ric : Preice Scr. 



1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 85 

The above will was proved by Katherine Oxenbridge the widow of the 
deceased, power reserved for the other executor to take out letters. 

Campbell, 110. 

Katherine Oxenbridge, 25 March 1651, proved 5 November 1651. 
To my son John Oxenbridge two hundred pounds and to his children fifty 
pounds. To my daughter Humes children two hundred pounds, they having 
most need, and to her the fifty pounds in my brother Sir Job's (hands) the 
interest of it to Sir Job's children to buy them rings to remember me by. 
To my daughter Phillips daughter Betty forty pounds, to her son Daniel 
forty pounds, neither of them being sure of any portion. To my son Clement 
two hundred pounds when all is discharged, to his wife the money that her 
brother has recovered for me. To my son Thorn's wife my suit of damask ; 
it is marked with C. 0. 

I give to the Plantation of New England Ten pounds for to buy books 
for the Indians to learn to read. To my daughter S l John's and my daugh- 
ter Langton thirty shillings apiece to buy them rings withall. To my 
daughter Hunt my ring that is set with pearls and all my own wearing 
clothes. I give twenty shillings apiece to my cousins Conyers, William, 
Katherine, Dorcas and Thomas. 

My sons John and Clement to be executors and Daniel Phillips to be 
overseer. I give twenty shillings apiece to all my cousins Emitt Darell. 

John Oxenbridge renounced executorship. Grey, 220. 

[We have here the will of John Oxenbridge, " a graduate of Oxford in 1572, 
and a famous Puritan preacher;" that of his son Daniel, "a graduate of Christ 
Church, Oxford, and a physician of high standing at Oaventry," and London; 
and that of Daniel's wife Katherine, a " daughter of Clement Throgmorton 
of Hasley, third son of Sir George Throgmorton of Loughton (the family 
being patrons of Southam) and so descended from Edward III." (Ellis's His- 
tory of First Church of Boston, page 125-6). John was the grandfather and 
Daniel and Katherine were the parents of Rev. John Oxenbridge'. pastor of the 
First Church, Boston, Mass., from April 10, 1G70, till his death Dec. 28, 1674. 

Rev. John Oxenbridge was born at Daventry, co. Northampton; "matricu- 
lated at Lincoln College, Oxford, 20 June, 1623, in his 18th year; after was of 
Magdalen Hall, and continued there a tutor some time, but disquieted with 
the increased stringency of church ceremonies he went, 1634, to Bermuda and 
preached, in a few years went home again, but being ejected on the act of 
uniformity, 1662, took departure for Surinam ; thence in short time to Barba- 
dos, and in 1669 came hither." (Savage's Gen. Diet. vol. 3, p. 326. See also 
Mather's Magnalia, ed. 1853, vol. 1, p. 597; Palmer's Nonconformist's Memorial, 
ed. 1802, vol. 1, p. 299; Wood's Athena? Oxoniensis ; Emerson's and Ellis's 
histories of First Church Boston.) Ellis refers to W. D. Cooper's sketch of 
the Oxenbridges of Sussex and Boston, Mass. London, 1860. — Editor. 

The will of John Oxenbridge, proved Jan. 9, 1674-5, is on file at the Suffolk 
Probate office, and is recorded Lib. vi. fol. 75. The following is an abstract 
made from the original will : 

" Boston in New Engl. y e 12 th day of y e first month 
in y e year 1673-4. 
I John Oxenbridge a sorry man, lesse then y e least of ally e mercies and ser- 
vants of Christ am y e most weake and worthlesse creature, yet have I bene by y e 
Lord's hand (even a strong hand upon me) separated to stand before his face 
in y e ministry of y e Gospel, and in severall places as Barmudas, Great Yarmouth, 
Beverly, Barwick, Bristol, Eton, and Windsor have I bene led forth in y* work, 
and in some measure my Lord hath owned me graciously in all these places. 
After w ch having had my portion w th others of more weight and worth (who 
had prophecied in sackcloth) to be laycl aside from this honorable work in 
England. Wherfore I went forth as far as Serenam in desire and hope of 
serving Christ there, and there I was assaying so to do from 62 at my own great 
charge in many hazards of my own life, and w th the loss of very dear relations. 
VOL. xliv. 8* 



86 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

After those parts were seized by y e Dutch and for a while reseized for y e Eng- 
lish by S r John Harman w th him I went thence to Barbados, and after fruitlesse 
essays there also (as to publick work) I went in 69. to New England, where now 
being comfortably fixed by Poynting providences in y e first Church of Boston as 
pastor thereof, and so in present appearance a period being put to my wasting 
and weary wandrings and in free mercy receiving an allowance for them I 
Judge it reasonable to set my soul and house in order." 

Daughter Bathshuah Scot for my Executrix. And this I doe in y e sense I have 
of her naturall affection to me flourishing now at y e last (she showing more 
Kindeness in y e latter end then in y e beginning) and likewise in confidence of 
her fidelity to her Sister Theodora, and in all other betrustments. For my 
Overseers the Honored John Leverett Esq. y e Reverend James Allein, and M r 
Humphry Davie. 

To my wife Susanna in lieu of all thirds or Dowry, £50 in New England coyn ; 
one bed and bedstead w th curtains ; what plate and houshold stuff doth remain 
of what she had in her former widow hood. Also, what gold rings she hath of 
mine, not otherwise disposed of, also one silver porringer, one sugar dish, one 
silver taster w th a funnell, one sweet-meat spoon. Likewise (besides y e bookes 
she had in her former widow hood) Rogers on Judges and his seaven Treatises, 
also Thorn. Goodwin his child of light. And this small portion of my ruined 
estate I desire and hope she will accept w th love and satisfaction, as being more 
then she had from her former husband, m r Abbot, and more then before marriage 
w th me was expected or promised, for then she did say she had enough for us 
both, when by sore losses my estate was much impaired. And I would think in 
equity she will consider y* her Annuity of one hundred a yeer will be more then I 
can leave to my children, and more then she was willing to leave them or me in 
case of my surviving, for she was not willing to follow y e advise of her chief est 
friend M r Thomas Parris who made y e match between her and me, and he and 
others did advise to sell her Annuity and purchase in N. E. Which if she had 
done and cast her estate with mine, it had bene a reasonable thing for her to 
expect and have y e thirds of mine, but she refusing this, I had not in case of 
surviving bene one penny y e better for her estate by any thing left to me or 
mine. Howsoever she hath in ordinary providence (under which we must sett 
down) she hath sufficient and abundant provision for her, if it be better managed 
then in her former widowhood, and y* it may be so I give her in love this f aithfull 
advise till my son Scot's arrivall to make M r Humphry Davie her Atturney for 
y e procuring her Annuity, and receive m ris Kingesmill to her friendly and f aithf ull 
care as being more experienced and prudent to order affairs and write letters 
and accounts for her. To m ris Kingsmill 3 pound out of my charity bag y e rest 
in y e bag to be disposed to ye most necessitous brethren and sisters of y e church 
by y e Deacons thereof. To my daughter Bathshuah Scot my dwelling house in 
Boston as it is put into my power by Will to doe by Deed of Aug. 22, 1673, she 
allow her sister Theodora five pound yeerely during y e life of Bathshuah ; in case 
Bathshuah die without issue surviving, then y e reversion to Theodora, she pay- 
ing fifty pound as a Legacy to y e first Church of Boston ; in case Theodora 
decease without issue, the fifty pound inheritance of the house to be to y c first 
church in Boston for y e use of y e pastor or teacher for y e time being. To 
daughter Bathshuah my seale ring, my sugar boxe w th my armes, a fruit dish 
marked with my own and her Mothers name, also one beaker and 12 spoones so 
marked, one dish marked D. O. one large tankard marked with my armes, one 
small tankard marked M. O., one silver porringer, one large salt sellar, 1 wine 
cup, 1 child's spoon w ch was mine in my infancy, 1 silver pensill w th seal lyon, 
one locket, cornelian ring, one ring beset w th blew specks. 

To daughter Theodora all my Tenements in White's ally in Coleman street, 
London, y e writings whereof were left by me with M r Kemp of Lombard street, 
w ch houses did formerly yield £35, but ye last lease since y« lire doth agree to 
£18, and this in M r John Loder's hand in London, and I desire my Executrix 
with y help of my brother Loder y* Theodora upon y c death of her Grandfather 
may have her right of y e land in Kent about £10 y e yeer, y c writing whereof was 
left by M r Joseph Caryl] w th my brother Loder, as also her right in a debt from 
M r Killingworth, w ch was originally £400, and what other goods or estate w ch 
fall to her from her Grandfather. 

To daughter Theodora what goods remain of them she brought from England, 
and also y e value of a fourth part of my estate remaining after debts and 



1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 87 

legacies payd, only if my estate in Serenam arise to anything y* she have a 
young Nigro or two as my Executrix shall think fltt, and y e 4 th part aforsayd to 
be Judg'd by my Overseers. 

To Theodora my gilt watch, my gold thimble and whistle, my gold ring w th 
her name in it, my green emerauld ring w th diamond sparks, a wraught cup w 01 
its covering marked w th my own and her mother's name, one locket, one silver 
inkhorn marked F. W. one wraught plate w th my own and her mother's armes, 
also one caudle cup and cover, one large tankard, one silver porringer all marked 
w th Ii° spoon marked M. H. 1 forked spoon 1 p' of sizers w th silver, 1 cornelian 
ring, one cornelian bracelet, 1 cristall piece. 

To m r Daniel Hinchman and his eldest daughter, each of them a ring. 

To my Son Richard Scot a diamond ring, one of them in M r Humphry Davie 
his hand. 

To each of my surviving Sisters twenty shillings in gold to buy a ring w th my 
name in it, and to my sister Ingoldesly I forgive two thirds of what is due to 
me by bond ; and y e like I doe to my Brother Clement Oxenbridge in a bond of 
£50, and give him a ring as to my Sisters. 

To my brother Loder and his wife each a gold ring, and to him, also, Augustin's 
epitome, and y e platts were left w th m r Shirley at y e Pellican in litle Brittain. To 
m r George Peryer a gold ring. To each of my Overseers a gold ring; to John 
Leverett my French history, to m r James Allein Ravanell in 2 volumes, do. m r 
Humphry Davie Purchas pilgrim, and to his wife my white amethyst ring. To 
y e Elders and Deacons of y e first church of Boston twenty pound for y e use of 
y* Church. 

To my Nigro maid servant Mary fifty shillings to be layd out as my Executrix 
shall see most for y e good of y e sayd Mary ; and to my Nigro boy ten shillings 
as she sees meet. 

To ye publick Library in Boston or elsewhere as my Executrix and Overseers 
shall judge best Augustins workes in 6 volumes, y e Centuries in 8 volumes, y e 
Catalogue of Oxford library Tritemius catalogue of ecclesiastic writers. Also 
Parcus workes in 2 volumes, Pineda upon Job in 2 volumes, Euclids geometry, 
Willet on Leviticus, Davenant on y e Collosians, Pembles workes, Osiander epit 
of Centurys in 2 vol. 

I leave my Manuscripts to be disposed of by my executrix w th y e advise of my 
overseers, and in particular y e Plea for y e Dumb Indian, and Colonies to m r Eliot 
or any other they shall see meet. 

In presence of John Oxenbridge. 

Julines Hering 
Ita attest p' 
Robert Howard not. publ. Massachusitt Colonie novae Angliae. 

M r Robert Howard appearing before Edward Tyng & Major Thomas Clarke 
Esq re 9 th Jan. 74 made oath &c. 

Attests Freegrace Bend all Record 1 ". 

Inventory of estate of M r Jn° Oxenbridge. 
Taken Jan. 5. 1674, by Anthony Stoddard, Edward Hutchinson, sen r . Amt. 
£1715. 14. 8, including his Dwelling house, orchard, Garden, &c. £550. Lib. v. 223. 

Susanna Oxenbridge, of Boston, will June 6, 1695. To M r James Allen Teach- 
ing officer of the first Church of Christ in Boston (of w ch I am a Member) M r 
Mitchils booke on 1' Peter 5. 10. with fowre more att his choice, my Diamond 
Ringe, one silver forke, two silver framed Spectacles. To his Wife M rs Sarah 
Allen, my blacke Prunella Gowne and petticoate, Two Agate Knives, best Silke 
Stockins and gart rs , Scarlett Coloured Hood, long Silke Girdle, Balsome ball, 
golden bodkin, one Gold Ringe. To his daughter Hannah and his Son James, 
I give each of them a gold Ringe, of them I used to weare. To M r Joshua 
Moodey, a ring, a paire of my Silke stockings and fowre bookes such as my Ex- 
ecut rs agree upon. To the wife of sd M r Moodey, my gold Chain I weare about 
my Necke, my Plush gowne, a Ring & a paire of Silk Stockings, if any left. To 
M r Samuell Parris a silver pottinger, and ten pounds, and to his two Eldest 
children five pounds apeice in money. To M r Peter Thatcher, the piece of gold I 
wear about my Neck ; to him and his wife and his two eldest children, five pounds 
apiece in money. To M rs Sarah Davie of Hartford, my Cloth Gowne lined with 
Lutestring, and black Cloth petticoat belonging to it, my little Bible with Silver 
Clasps and Case, finest tufted Holland petticoat and Enameled Ring. To M rs 



88 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

Jerusha Saltonstall and M rs Elizabeth Davie, I give each of them, a King. To 
M rs Elizabeth Taylor, daughf to M r Humphry Davie, my Gold Seale, a Silver 
forke and a Ring. To M r John Davie, a good booke. To M rs Bellingham, Bur- 
roughs of Contentment. To M r James Allen, M r Joshua Moodey, M r Increase 
Mather, M r Samuell Willard, M r Cotton Mather, or those of them that shall be 
alive att my decease, all the money in a Round painted box, when Med, to bee 
equally divided among them. To M r Henry Deering, five pounds ; M r Peter 
Butler and his wife, three pounds to buy them Rings. To M rs Hodges, I give 
M r Mathew Medes booke, and five pounds money. To the Widows, Armitage, 
Cart r and Dinsdale, forty shillings a peice. To Mehetable Hinkely, formerly 
my servant, I give my changeable silke petticoat, morning wastecoate, white 
Dimity wastecoate, two paire of my stockins, one black hood. To my servant 
mayde, twenty shillings. To my kinsman Isaack Taylor, my Geneva Bible, and 
my Silver box w th a watch in it. To my kinswoman Mary Taylour, my great 
Bible and greate Wedding Ringe. To my kinswoman Sarah Gent, my plain blew 
Bible, and all my Wearing Cloths, with all my Linnen Household goods, bedding, 
plate not disposed of. Appoint M r James Allen, M r Peter Thacher, Mr Pet r 
Butler joynt Executors; as a token of my Love I give to Each, Twenty pound 
apeice. June 6, 1695. Ezekiel Cheever, Paul Symons, Kath. Welsteed. 

[In a Codicil, made Dec. 30, 1695, "finding a necessity of being supported by my 
Executors therein named, for want of the Incomes of my Estate," she provides, 
that if there be a sufficient portion of her estate left at her decease, the legacies 
are to be paid, if otherwise, the aforesaid Legacies, so given, to be utterly null 
and void.] 

Will proved March 25, 1696. Abstract made from the original on file. It 
is recorded Bk. xi. folio 145. Inventory rendered March 24, 1695-6. Joseph 
Bridgham, Tho. Clarke, Apprizers. Proved, Boston, April 9, 1696. Jurat Cor. 
W m Stoughton.— William B. Trask.] 

William Whittingham, late of Boston in Massachusetts Colony in 
New England, gentleman, 25 March 1672, proved 15 April 1672. To my 
eldest son Richard Whittingham, to him and his heirs forever, one house, barn, 
mill house and appurtenances thereto belonging, with twenty acres of arable 
land, eighty four acres and a quarter of an acre of pasture, in the tenure and 
occupation of William Pakey &c. in the town of Sutterton, in the parts of 
Holland in the County of Lincoln. To my son William one dwelling house, 
barn and appurtenances &c. with two and twenty acres of pasture, two acres 
and a quarter of arable land, eighteen acres of marsh, now in the tenure &c. 
of John Trigg &c. ; also one cottage and barn, with four acres and a half of 
pasture and one acre of arable land, in the tenure &c. of Thomas Bayly &c, 
all lying and being in Sutterton. To my daughter Marie one messuage, or 
tenement, &c. with nine acres of pasture and six acres of arable land in the 
tenure &c. of John Wilson &c, with three acres of arable land late in the 
tenure of Master Baker &c. To my daughter Elizabeth one messuage &c, 
with eight acres and a half acre of pasture and five acres of arable land in 
the tenure &c. of John Gidney, with two acres of pasture in the tenure of 
George Ledman ; also one cottage and one acre in the tenure of John Baker, 
— in Sutterton. To my daughter Martha six acres and a half acre of 
pasture late in the tenure of William Walker, one cottage and two acres of 
pasture late in the tenure of Richard Gunn, in Sutterton. All these at 
their ages of twenty years or days of marriage. 

My will and pleasure is that that one hundred and sixty-three pounds due 
unto my uncle Nathaniel Humbert, of London, be paid out of the rents and 
products of the wood and timber standing on the land aforesaid. Reference 
is made to a bond bearing date 25 March 1667 wherein brother Richard 
Whittingham, gentleman, stands jointly bound with my said uncle unto 
Thomas Harris, of the Inner Temple, London, Esq., in the sum of seven hun- 
dred pounds for the payment of three hundred and fifty pounds. My debts in 



1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 89 

London, contracted upon my particular account, or on account of my brother- 
in-law John Clarke, of Boston in New England, gentleman, to be paid out 
of the rents &c. of the said lands; together with the annuity due unto my 
mother, Mistress Martha Eire, for her natural life and to bring np my afore- 
said children, till they come to their respective ages &c. All my estate in 
company with M r James Whetcombe, of Boston in New England, mer- 
chant, to be sold for ready money &c. To my brother John Clarke of 
Boston, gentleman, all his proportion of debts contracted by ns in company, 
by me already paid and ordered to be paid, and all my right, title and interest 
of and in the goods and chattels given to me by my father's will. To James 
Whetcombe of Boston aforesaid, gentleman, twenty pounds. To my cousins 
Mary llubbert and Anne Ilubhert, daughters of my said uncle llubbert, 
five pounds each, to buy them rings. My father-in-law John Laurence of 
New York in America, gentleman, William Hubbert, of Ipswich in New 
England, my said uncle Nathaniel llubbert, of London, gentleman, and 
John Lewin of London, Esq., to be executors. 

Wit: Ben: Downe, Evan Jones, Elizabeth Pogson. 

Proved by Nathaniel llubbert, one of the executors, power reserved for 
the others. Proved 26 March 1678, by William llubbert, another of the 
executors, power reserved for John Laurence & John Lewin. 

Eure, 146. 

Sententia pro valore Testamenti Gulielmi Whittingham nnper de Mass- 
chutes Colonii in Novo Anglia sed infra parochiam Sanctae Maria? Le 
Savoy in Comitatu Middlesexia decedentis habentis duin vixit et mortis suae 
tempore bona jura sive credita in diversis diocaesibns sive pecnliaribus 
jurisdictionibus sufficicentis ad (undent! jurisdictione in curiae Prerogative 
Cantuariensis pnedicta. — Quod coram nobis in judicio inter Nathanielem 
Hubbert unum executorum in dicto Testamento sive ultima voluntate ante 
dicti defuncti nominatum partem hujusmodi negotium promoventem ex una 
et Martham Evre matrem naturalem et lejntimum et R-ichardum Whitting- 
ham Mariam Whittingham Elizabetham Whittingham et Martham Whitting- 
ham liberos naturales et legitimos in specie ac omnes et singulos alios 
quoscunq' etc. etc., partes contra quas idem negotium promovetur partibus 
ex altera etc. etc., Lecta lata et proi ulgata fuit hoec sententia diffinitiva 
Secundo die juridico post fFestum si* a diem Sancti Andreas Apostoli die 
Martis tertio die Decembris Anno Lomini Mittimo sexcentesimo septuage- 
simo Secundo etc. etc. Eure, 157. 

[See wills of William and Richard * < hittingham, and Mr. Brown's annotations 
on them, in the Register, vol. 39, pp. 170-3. — Editor. 

As to this William Whittingham, of Boston, this will gives us little new in- 
formation. Savage has already said that he was the son of John W. of Ipswich, 
by his wife Martha, sister of Rev. William Hubbard ; that he married Mary, dau. 
of John Laurence of Ipswich and New York, and that tradition said that he died 
in London. We also know that he had a brother Richard who was thought to 
have settled in England, and sons Richard and William, daughters Mary, Martha 
and Elizabeth. 

In the Register, xi. 26, is an obituary notice of this Mrs. Mary Clark, who 
had married secondly, Gov. Gurdon Saltonstall, from the N. E. Weekly Journal 
of 1730. In the Register, vol. 27, pp. 135-139, and vol. 34, p. 34, Mrs. Dall has 
made some criticisms, which seem to be in part well-founded. But I cannot 
agree with all her surmises. It seems to be accepted that Martha, daughter of 
John Whittingham and sister of William, the testator, married Dr. John Clark 
of Boston, son of Dr. John and Martha (Saltonstall) Clark. This second Dr. 
John, who died in 1690, was the father of Hon. John, William and Samuel. He 
is of course the brother-in-law of John Clark mentioned in William Whittingham's 



90 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

will. Mrs. Dall says that this "William Clark, brother of Hon. John C. , married 
his first cousin, Mary, daughter of William Whittingham; but she gives no 
authority. Savage says that William, brother of Hon. John Clark, was born in 
1G70 and was a representative from Boston in 1720-21 and 1725. But at all 
events he was not the William who married Mary Whittingham, for the will of 
this last named William was proved in 1710, and Boston records show that he 
died July 26, 1710, aged 62. It is merely a coincidence of names; not so re- 
markable, when we consider how very many Clarks there were in Boston at that 
date, all of different families. 

As to the remoter pedigree of these Whittinghams, nothing is yet certain. 
The obituary of 1730 says John was the posthumous son of Baruch W., who 
was son of William W., the famous Dean of Durham. Mrs. Dall (Register, 
xxxiv. 35) shows that the family tradition is probably right, in so far that John 
Whittingham was the son of Baruch W. of Southerton, who was the son of 
a William W. of the same, but that this William was not the Dean of Durham. 
The lady is of course wrong in tracing Richard Clarke (Copley's father-in-law) 
to a Francis Clark, as his father was William, nephew of another William C, 
from the west of England, as will hereafter be shown. — W. H. Whitmore.] 

John Snooke of the parish of St. Clements Danes, citizen & merchant 
taylor of London, 17 August 1665, proved 1 September 1665. My friend 
M r William Higginson, in Blackemore Street, in the parish aforesaid, to be 
one of my executors and my friend M r Ralph Sedgwick, living in Paul's 
parish, in Covet Garden, the other. What legacies I do give away in 
money to be paid out of Sir John Pawlett's 1 one hundred and fifty nine 
pounds that he owes me, for the which and for my better security, he hath 
made over to me his plantation in Virginia called Westover, nigh the 
James River, in the occupation of Captain Otho Southcott, as by the In- 
denture mort plainly doth appear. To my daughter in law, Mary Norrice, 
widow, in Aldersgate Street, within the first court on the left hand, my 
biben and my " selde n ring which was her father's which her mother gave 
me, and my book the which the leaves are guilt. To her daughter Betty 
ten pounds. To my unkind daftev Elinore Hodgkins twenty shillings, to 
buy her a ring, she living with my oousin M r Robert Jacob, at Bow. To 
his daughters, each of them &c. Coi sin Robert Snooke, in Salisbury, shoe- 
maker. Hyde, 103. 

Richard Snooke, of Southill, in the county of Somerset, in his will, 
bearing date 14 July, 18 th Charles, proved 20 January 1642, mentions 
cousin Robert Snooke, brother John Snooke and others. Crane, 2. 

[ l Capt. Thomas Pawlett was the Burg* ss for " Argal's Guifte," Virginia, in 
1619, and a member of the Colonial Counc | in 1621. He was granted 2000 acres 
of land in Charles City county, near that ox Capt. Perry, and w r est of Berkeley, 
January 15, 1637, based on the " personal adventure " of himself, his brother 
Chidiock Pawlett and other "head rights." This grant included the noted seat 
" Westover." Pawlett died in 1643, and bequeathed the land to his brother, Sir 
John Pawlett, who sold it in 1666 to Theodrick Bland for £175 sterling. The 
latter bequeathed it to his eldest son Theodrick, who admitted into joint tenancy, 
his brother Richard. They sold it in 1688 to Colonel William Byrd, the first 
of the name and family in Virginia, for the consideration of £800 sterling and 
10,000 pounds of tobacco and casks. The present building at " Westover " was 
erected by Col. William Byrd, the second of the name in Virginia. The seat 
is at present owned and occupied by Major Augustus H. Drewry. A church 
(of which a grave-yard with tombs indicates the site) and the county buildings 
near the banks of James river, remained at " Westover" until sometime in the 
18th century. Sir John Pawlett was the grandson of Sir Amias Powlett, of the 
reign of Queen Elizabeth, and a zealous Royalist. He became Baron Pawlett, 
of Hinton, St. George, and died 20th March, 1649. He was the ancestor of the 
Lords Powlett. Another of the name of Pawlett appears in the early annals of 



1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 91 

Virginia. Robert Pawlett was a minister at Martin's Hundred. He was also a 
physician and surgeon. He was appointed a member of the Council in 1621, 
but did not accept. — R. A. Brock, Richmond, Va.~\ 

John Allsopp of Bonsall in the County of Derby, gentleman, 1 6 January, 
1643, proved 10 February 1646. To be buried in the church at Allsopp 
in the Dale. To my dear mother Temperance Hopkines fifty pounds which 
is now remaining in the hands of Anthony Allsopp my eldest brother, as by 
bond may appear, if she be living: if in case she be dead then the said fifty 
pounds to go to my two brothers and sister now living in New England, 
equally to be divided amongst them or the survivor or survivors of them. 
To my sister Jane Jackson now wife to M r Roger Jackson of Ashburne in 
the said County of Derby, gentleman, the like sum of fifty pounds, and also 
five pounds to be paid by John Gretrax of Bonsall aforesaid the first day of 
May next ensuing the date hereof. To my grandmother M™ Jane Allsopp 
twenty shillings to buy her a ring withall ; and likewise I give and bequeath 
to my loving aunt M™ Dorothy Ilopkinson of Bonsall aforesaid widow all 
my "lead oare" which I have now lying at Bonsall. To my brother ML' 
Anthony Allsopp of Allsopp in the Dale aforesaid the sum of ten shillings. 
For all the rest of my goods and debts now owing which came by my wife 
Mary Allsopp I give and bequeath unto my said loving wife, after my funeral 
expenses, debts and legacies being paid and discharged, so long as she shall 
keep herself unmarried or else she do marry with the good liking and consent 
of my executors and Jane Allsopp my grandmother. And it in case that she 
do marry without the full consent and good liking of my executors and grand- 
mother aforesaid then all the said goods and debts which came by my said 
wife shall be and remain to said two brothers and sister now living in New 
England aforesaid. 

M r Roger Jackson of Ashborne aforesaid, gentleman, and my said loving 
Aunt M rs Dorothy Hopkinson to be full executors. 

Wit. Edward Fowler, William Fletcher, John Allen's mark, Richard 
Bullock. Fines, 34. 

Josias Alsop, clerk, 12 August 1666, pro : 9 Oct 1666. I desire to be 
buried in St. Clement's Eastcheape Church if I die in London or near it. 
Of my temporal estate I give two hundred pounds to M rs Elizabeth Rosseter, 
my sister in New England, or to her children if she be dead. I give to my 
brother M r Timothy Alsop's children fifty pounds. 1 give to M r Richard 
Vigures of Law Litton in Cornwall five pounds, to be bestowed upon a 
piece of plate and to be sent to him or to any of his children or grand- 
children if alive. I give to the poor of Norton Fitz-warren in Somerset- 
shire twenty pounds, to the poor of St. Clement's Eastcheape, Loudon, ten 
pounds, to be distributed by my very good friends there. I give to Christ's 
College Library in Cambridge ten pounds to be sent thither privately. I 
give to M r Thomas Waplewicke, merchant tailor, in Warwick Lane Lon- 
don, or to his wife, all my clothes, woollen, linen, silk, leather. And I com- 
mit to his trust sixty pounds, to be delivered to such poor persons as are 
named particularly in a letter which will be brought to him written with 
mine own hand. I give to Doctor Christopher Shute Walton's Hebrew 
Bible. And I commit to the said Doctor Shute and to mine executor M r 
John Prestwood all my other books and papers whatsoever, to be thus dis- 
posed of: — first 1 will that all my papers or paper books marked with this 
like sign of the Cross (►{«) be cast unto the fire and consumed to ashes 
without suffering any part of them to be read ; when this is done I will that 



92 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [Jan. 

the rest of my papers and paper books, and all my other books, be locked 
up in trunks or boxes and kept for that child of my brother Timothy 
Alsop's who shall become a minister. And if neither of his sons become 
ministers I will that they be given to Doctor Christopher Shute to do with 
them what he pleaseth, upon this condition that he keep to himself the 
printed books or sell them if he list. As for my papers and written books 
I will that he promise faithfully to my executor that he will have them all 
burned at his death. In this particular I expect and require that faithful- 
ness of him after my death which I have found in him all my life time. I 
give to M r John Prestwood, merchant, London, fifty pounds, whom I name 
and make my sole executor, desiring him to bury me cheaply and privately 
under a tomb stone with my name engraven on it. The remainder of mine 
estate I give to children born of poor and pious parents that they may be 
bound out apprentices, in which I desire that the children of Norton Fitz- 
warren in Somersetshire, if there be any poor ones, may be preferred before 
any other. Mico, 139. 

[The following pedigree of this family, in Dugdale's Visitation of Derbyshire, 
1662-3, is re-printed from the Genealogist, edited by Dr. Marshall, vol. 3, p. 63 : 
Anthoney Alsop=Jane, til. Ric. Smith 



of Alsop 
in y e Dale. 



of Coombebridge 
in Com. Staff. 



John Alsop=Temperance, fll. "Will. Gilbert 
of Makhauer in Com. Derby. 

Anthony Alsop=Ellianor, fll. S r Jo. Gell 

of Hopton. 



John Alsop=Katharin, fll. Cope 
of ffens Bentley. 

Arms. Sable three doves volant argent, beaks and legs gules. Crest, A dove 
close argent, beak and legs gules. 

Joseph Alsopp, aged 14, and Thos. Alsopp, aged 20, embarked for New Eng- 
land in the spring of 1635, in the Elizabeth and Ann, Roger Cooper master 
(Register, vol. xiv. pp. 309 and 314). Mr. Savage supposes them to be brothers 
(See his Gen. Diet., vol. i. p. 46; vol. ii. p. 528). Joseph settled at New Haven 
and Thomas at Stratford, Ct. There was also a Timothy Alsop, mariner, at 
New Haven, 1646. Charles J. Hoadly, A.M., of Hartford, Ct., to whom a copy 
of the above wills was sent, writes me, " We may probably assume that Eliza- 
beth Rossiter was wife of Bray (or Bryan) Rossiter of Windsor and Guilford." 
— Editor.] 

William Fairewether, 3 July 1653, proved 2 February 1654. To 
be buried near my mother and my wife Charitie. " Whereas my wife hath 
divers times freely declared her minde and earnestlie desired and advised 
me to preferr my children sayinge shee would haue nothing but desired my 
children might haue it. In consideracon whereofe accordinge to her desire I 
haue alreadie assured unto her use the rentes in Leedes w ch I had with 
her." I give unto my daughter Elizabeth Northend and to her son John 
Northend, either of them, ten pounds. To my son Thomas five pounds and 
to his wife forty shillings. To my sou William Fairewether my lease of 
Greenthwait ats Granthwait within the parish of Sutton and the forest of 
Gawtrees late disforested, and all my estate and interest therein with the 
appurtenances ; also my close in Wigginton Lordship &c. To Isabel 



1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 93 

Swainson my servant fifty shillings. To Marie Wannop ten shillings. To 
the servant of my son Thomas Howse thirty shillings. To the poor of the 
city twenty shillings. To the poor of the parish of Martins and Gregories 
ten pounds. To my son Thomas' daughter Elizabeth Fairevvether if she 
be living at the time of my death ten pounds. 

The residue to my son William Fairewether, all my houses Toff's Greene 
&c. and I make him sole exeeutor. 

Wit : Abrah : Askvvith & Samuel Saire. Aylett, 3. 

Michael Jobson of Brantingham, in the co. of York, gentleman, 23 
August 1651, pro: 18 November 1651. To be buried in the chancel of the 
parish church of Brantingham near to my uncle Jobson. To William 
Swift five pounds sixteen shillings which he is indebted to me. To my 
sister Swift sixteen shillings a year during her natural life. 

Item I give to John Northern!, the son of my cousin John Northern!, ten 
pounds which his father oweth me when he shall accomplish the age of* one 
and twenty years. To the poor of this parish ten shillings to be paid on St 
Thomas' Day before Christinas next, that is to say, to the poor of Branting- 
ham six shillings eight pence and to the poor of Ellerker three shillings 
four pence. To my cousin Samuel Jobson five pounds to be paid him the 
three and twentieth day of August in the year of Our Lord 1652. To 
Richard Thorpe the younger five shillings. To my maid Isabel Aire at 
Martinmas five shillings more than her wages. To Jonathan and William 
Newmarch sons of William Newmarch ten pounds apiece when they come 
to the ages of one and twenty years. Lastly I make my cousin William 
Newmarch and Ann Jobson my wife sole executors &c. Grey, 215. 

[The wills of William Fairewether and Michael Jobson mention a family o£ 

Northern! in Yorkshire. Sutton on the Forest and Wlgginton are both parishes 
in the Wapentake of Buhner, North Riding of co. York, the former s 4 miles N. 
by W. from York and the latter 5 miles X. from York. The celebrated Law- 
rence Sterne was vicar of Sutton, which -was in the Forest of Galtrees or 
Gawtrees. 

Brantingham is in the Hunsley-Beacon division of the Wapentake of Hart- 
hill, East Riding of Yorkshire. Rowley, from which came Ezekiel Northend of 
Massachusetts, is also in the Hunsley-Beacon division and 4 miles E. N. E. from 
South Cave, which last named parish is twenty seven miles S. E. from York. 
There is a chapclry of Ellesker l\ mile S. by West from South Cave. 

It is fair to suppose then that the Northends mentioned in these two wills 
"Were of the same family as the New England emigrant. For an account of the 
latter's family see Gleanings from English Records, &c., by Emmerton and 
Waters, puplished by the Essex Institute (Salem, Mass., 1880), pp. 85-88. 

Henry F. Waters.] 

Henry Isham of Henrico County, Virginia, 13 November 1678, proved 
5 June 1680. To my half brother Joseph Ryall forty pounds in goods, 
within twelve months. To Richard Perrin his wife, John Wilkinson his 
wife, William Byrd his wife, each a gold ring of twelve shillings price. 
To my honored mother Mrs. Katherine Isham one third part of my per- 
sonal estate, both in Virginia and England, after the legacies above are 
satisfied, and to my sister M™ Anne Isham one third part &c. I give my 
plantation in Charles City County in Virginia, commonly known by the 
name of Doggams &c. &c. between my two sisters, Mrs Mary Ran- 
dolph and Mrs Anne Isham. I bequeath to M r William Randolph all the 
rest of my estate both in Virginia and England and appoint him full 
executor. 

Wit : Ja : Tubb, John Wynn, Wilbert Daniel, Hugh Davis. Bath, 81. 

vol. xliv. 9 



94 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

[The family of Isham, now baronets, is one of antiquity and distinction in 
Northamptonshire, England. Henry Isham, son of Gregory Isham, came to 
Virginia and became a merchant at Bermuda Hundred; married Katherine, 
widow of Joseph Royall, and died in Virginia about 1676, leaving issue: i. 
Henry, the testator, who died, unmarried, in Virginia, his will having been 
proved in Henrico county, February 1st, 1678-9, the witnesses thereto being also 
residents of Virginia; ii. Mary, married Colonel William Randolph, of " Turkey 
Island," the emigrant ancestor of the distinguished Virginia family of the name ; 
iii. Anne, married, 1685, Colonel Francis Eppes, whose probable ancestor, 
AVilliam Eppes or Epes came to Virginia before 1619, and in that year killed 
Captain Slallinger in "a private quarrel." Mrs. Anne (Isham) Eppes was the 
ancestress of John Wayles Eppes, member of Congress from Virginia, 1803-11, 
and 1813-15; U. S. Senator, 1817-19; died near Richmond, Va., Sept., 1823, aged 
50 yrs. His wife Maria, daughter of Thomas Jefferson, died April, 1804. In 
the records of Henrico Co., Va., there is a deed of date Sept. 20, 1678, from 
Samuel Turke of Gaud Church, Co. of Kent, England, clothier, administrator 
of Henry Richards, late of London, merchant, deceased, and of John Richards, 
deceased, " brother " of Henry Richards, conveying to Henry Isham, of London, 
merchant, in consideration of £140, paid, all goods, monies and tobacco debts 
in Virginia due to the said Richards, which were left by Samuel Swaan, London, 
merchant, deceased, in the custody of Henry Isham the elder, merchant, late of 
Virginia, deceased, father of the aforesaid Henry Isham. Witnesses : John 
Ruddes [elsewhere spelled Ruds, a shipmaster], John Tubb, Lewis Conner, 
William Eppes. There is also a similar deed of record dated Sept. 23, 1678. 
It may be assumed that Henry Isham was then about to leave London for 
Virginia. 

May, 1717. There is of record a deed from Mary Randolph, widow, and 
Francis Epes and Anne, his wife, conveying to Joseph Royall, Jr., 74 acres in 
Bermuda Hundred, which was granted to Henry Isham in 1661. 

Will of Mrs. Katherine Isham, dated October 10, 1686, proved at December 
term of Henrico County Court 1686. Bequeaths to grandson, William Ran- 
dolph, £20 sterling; grandson Henry Randolph, Jr., grand-daughters Elizabeth 
and Mary Randolph £5 each ; residue of money to two daughters Mary Randolph 
and Anne, wife of Colonel Francis Eppes of Henrico county, and two silver 
salt-cellars to each ; to daughter Mary Randolph her wedding ring, a feather bed 
and other furniture, and her best silver tankard but one; to her grandson 
Joseph Royall one servant man and a small silver tankard, and to every child of 
her son Joseph Royall two silver spoons ; to her son Joseph Royall her best 
silver tankard ; to her grandson Richard Dennis a cow and two silver spoons ; to 
her grandson Isham Eppes a negro man Dick ; to grandson Francis Eppes her 
biggest silver tankard but one; to the child of her daughter Anne Epps, " we?it 
loiihall" her large silver porringer and her great silver cup; to her daughter 
Anne Eppes her seal ring, a pair of silver clasps and a silver bodkin ; to grandson 
Richard Perrin, one feather bed and other furniture ; to granddaughter Sarah 
Royall a heifer; to granddaughters Katherine Farrar, Mary, Sarah and Anne 
Perrin each two silver spoons; to daughter Sarah Wilkinson and Katherine 
Perrin wearing apparel; to her loving friend Mary Parker dowlas and sergs 
[goods for wearing apparel] ; to grandson Maiden Maschall a heifer ; to son 
Joseph Royall all of her land. To her executors son Joseph Royall and Francis 
Eppes her whole crop of corn except to buy gravestones for herself and her 
deceased husband. 

Richard Perrin and John Wilkinson of the abstract were evidently husbands 
of the half sisters (daughters by the first marriage of his mother with Joseph 
Royall) of the testator. Hugh Davis, witness, was for some time clerk of 
Henrico county. 

Rev. Henry Isham Longden, St. Michael and All Angels, Northampton, has 
been making investigations into the connection of the present Ishams of North- 
ampton and the early Ishams of Virginia, with deductions of the present 
descendants in America of the latter.— R. A. Brock.] 

Thomas Grendon of the parish of Westover, in the County of Charles 
City, Virginia, Gentleman, 23 February 1683-4, proved 4 April 1685. 
To "my wife Mrs Sarah Grendon fifteen hundred pounds sterling out of my 






1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 95 

personal estate in Virginia; if that be wanting, then to be made up of 
money due to me in England; or eighty pounds per annum out of tho 
yearly rent of my Real Estate in Furtherly ats Fartherly, in the parish of 
Shenton in the County of Stafford and in Hidefield in the said County. 
To William Byrd junior, son of William Byrd Senior, of Henrico County, 
in Virginia, Esq. To my godson Nathaniel Simons, son of John Symona 
of London, upholsterer. To my Goddaughter Susannah Byrd, daughter of 
William Byrd. To Thomas and Nathaniel Simons sons of John Simons. 
To my cousin Thomas Jennings of London, merchant, son of Thomas Jen- 
nings, late of London, distiller, he paying my aunt, his mother, Mrs Han- 
nah Archer, now wife of Capt. William Archer of Charles City, Virginia, 
ten pounds per annum. Leases granted, 2 March 1656, by William, Lord 
Viscount Stafford and Dame Mary his wife, Henry Earle, of Kingston, 
John Earle, of Thanett Island and the Hon. William Pierpoint Esq. to 
my late grandfather Thomas Grendon deceased. Friends M r Robert Coo 
of London, goldsmith, M r Thomas (lower of Edmington and M r Abel! 
Gower of Virginia, the Hon. William livid Esq. William Randolph of 
Henrico County, Virginia, M r Arthur North and M r John Harding of London. 
Wit: Henry Harman, Richard Williamson, John Roach (his sign) Abel 
Gower. Cann, 44. 

[Lieut. Col. Thomas Grendon was a legatee and probably a nephew of 
Edward Grendon or Grindon, who in b'>'-':'> 2A was a member of the Virginia 
House of Burgesses, and who owned land across the river from Jamestown. He 
was a son of Thomas Grendon of London, merchant, a burgess Cor "Smyth's 
Mount the other side of the water, and Hog [sland* in 1632-33, and died at sea 
in 1G84-5. It is a coincidence that the Grendons, father and son. should have 
married widows respectively of a father and son; Thomas Grendon, the elder, 
marrying Elizabeth, widow of Thomas Stegge, Senr. of London, and Thomas 
Grendon, Jr. of Virginia, Sarah, the widow of ('apt. or Col. Thomas Stegge, Jr. 
The Virginia Land Registry has of record an assignment from Captain Wm. 
Brocas, Thomas Harwood and Christopher East, Chirurgeon of the Gleabe of 
London, Attorneys for Thomas Grendon of London, merchant, of land sold unto 
Captain John Browning, lying in Mound's Bay, Va.. ami held by John Warham, 
for 3,000 pounds of tobacco, dated April s. L688. I Book No. 1. p. <i.">0.) 

Will of Thomas Stegge, Sr., dated October 6, 1651, proved July 14, 1652, left 
estate to his wife Elizabeth and daughter Grace, wife of John Byrd. goldsmith, 
of London, parents of William Byrd of Virginia, and son Thomas Steiru*e, Jr. 

Will of Thomas Stegge, Jr., dated March 31, 1G69-70, proved May 1, 1671, 
mentioned wife Sarah; mother Elizabeth, then the wife of Thomas Grendon, 
citizen of London. Lieut. Col. Thomas Grendon went to England in 167<i, 
leaving power of attorney to his wife Sarah, William Byrd and William Randolph. 
Mrs. Grendon appears to have been a woman of spirit. 

In an " Act of Indemnitie and Pardon " passed the House of Burgesses at the 
February term, 1676-7, among the exceptions to its clemency were " Sarah 
Grendon, the wife (and now the Attorney of Thomas Grendon) and Edward 
Phelps who were great encouragers and assistors in the late horrid rebellion, 
shall have no other benetitt of this present act, but are and shalbe lyable to 
suffer and pay such paines, penalties and forfeitures not extending to life as by 
the next grand assembly, or upon a legall tryall before the right honourable 
the governor and council shalbe thought fitt and convenient." 

ii. Hening's Statute at Large, p. 371. She married thirdly Edward Braine or 
Brayne of Charles City county, Va., whose will is dated August 26, 1691 ; proved 
September, 1709. Bequeaths to his kinswoman, Elizabeth Johnson, eldest daughter 
of Frederick Johnson of London, mariner, his plantation in Charles City county, 
and if she die without issue, to her sister Mary, and in case of her death without 
issue to her sister Sarah ; to Elizabeth Johnson three negroes and other personal 
property; £12 sterling to buy twelve gold rings to be given to Captain Wil- 
liam Byrd, Captain William Randolph, Captain William Perry, Captain John 
Rudds, to brother James Braine and his wife, to brother Frederick Johnson 



96 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

and his wife, to Mr. John Guy, to Mrs. Hannah Archer, to Mr. William Sutton, 
to Henry Harraan; gold rings of 18 shillings value each to Captain Daniel 
Llewellyn, Stephen Hudson, Thomas Hughes, Mr. Bannister; gives Jack Kent 
(doubtless an indentured servant) his freedom after the death of the testator's 
wife. Gives Henry Harman certain personal property. Gives all the balance 
of his goods and chattels, plate, rings, jewels, etc., to wife Sarah. 

There is of record in Henrico county court, February 10, 1680-1, deposition 
of Henry Harman, " aged about 33," that he "was living at Mr. Thomas Gren- 
don's in 1676." 

Abel Gower was a Justice of the Peace for Henrico county 1677-1685, and 
High Sheriff in 1681. In 1679 he was listed with " 7 tithables " for taxation. 

June 1, 1689, will of Abel Gower proved, dated December 25, 1688. Gives wife 
Jane his plantation for life and then to daughter Tabitha, and if she die without 
issue to Priscilla and Obedience Branch ; his personal property to be divided 
between his wife and daughters. 

March, 1710-11. Petition of Richard Dennis and Mary his wife, heirs at law 
of Abel Gower, dec'd. 

Deed, dated December, 1696, from Jane Gower for a tract of land given her 
by her father-in-law Christopher Branch of "Kingsland," conveys to John 
Cocke and Obedience his wife, who was Obedience Branch, daughter of John 
Branch, dec'd, who was the son of Jane Gower. 

October 20, 1700, License granted Robert Grigg to marry Tabitha, orphan of 
Abel Gower. — R. A. Brock.] 

Job Tookie the elder of Mortlake in the County of Surrey, clerk, 14 
October 1637, pro: 21 May 1638. I give to the poorer sort of inhabitants 
in S l Ives in Huntingtonshire forty shillings. To the free school in Upping- 
ham twenty shillings to buy Scapula his Lexicon. To my daughter Rebecca 
Tookie, being my first born, one hundred pounds, to my daughter Frances 
Tookie four score pounds, to my daughter Bridget Tookie four score pounds, 
to my daughter Elizabeth Tookie four score pounds, to my daughter Sara 
Tookie four score pounds. Item, my will is that all the aforesaid recited 
legacies bequeathed shall be paid unto the aforesaid legatees out of the 
profits of my moietie of the office of Registership for the city as they shall 
arise, which I give and bequeath to my son Job Tookie, with all my right, 
title and interest unto the same. To my daughters Elizabeth and Sara 
seven pounds apiece towards their education and bringing up yearly to be 
paid at the four usual feasts, that is to say, at the feast of the Annunciation 
of the Virgin Mary, at the feast of St John Baptist, at the feast of St 
Michael the Archangel and at the feast of St Thomas the Apostle, until 
they shall come to the age of one and twenty or the day of their marriage, 
which comes first, and no longer. To my son Thomas fifty pounds, to be 
paid unto him within six months after he shall have served his apprentice- 
ship. To my daughter Rebecca one feather-bed. To my son Job twenty 
pounds, my library of books and my chest of viols and my box of Recorders 
in the hands of my nephew Thomas Tookie, merchant of London. The 
rest of my goods &c. in the house, unbequeathed, shall be equally divided 
amongst my four younger daughters, viz : Frances, Bridget, Elizabeth and 
Sarah. After the former recited legacies arising out from the office afore- 
said shall be paid, then the yearly profits arising out of the said office shall 
be equally divided amongst my sons and daughters, viz: Job, Thomas, 
Rebecca, Mary, Frances, Bridget, Elizabeth and Sarah. The residue &c. 
I give and bequeath to my son Job Tookie, whom I ordain and make the 
executor of this my last will and testament. 

Wit: Rich. Lee, Anna Hassard, Elizabeth Bacon. Lee, 57. 

[I presume that the testator was the minister of St. Ives in Huntingdonshire, 
whom Palmer in his Nonconformist's Memorial, vol. 3, p. 20 (ed. 1802), states 



1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 97 

•was "turned out of his living for not reading the Book of Sports." If so he 
was the grandfather of Job Tookie of Marblehead, Mass., whose petition is 
printed below. See editorial note, Register, vol. 38, p. 81. For a biography of 
Rev. Job Tookie of Yarmouth, England, son of the testator and father of Job 
of Marblehead, see the Nonconformist's Memorial, ubi supra. — Editor.] 

At a County Court held the 27 June 1 682 

Richard Knott, pit:, agst: Job Tookey, deft:, in an action etc. acco: to 
atachm 4 : dated 24 March 168 J: withdrawue. The writ was issued by 
Moses Mavericke Esq. per curiam for the town of Marblehead and directed 
to the constable of Marblehead. The return on the back of the writ was 
made by Elias Henly, constable of Marblehead, who declared that for want 
of security he had delivered the body of Job Tookie to Benjamin F el ton, 
Goale keeper of Salem. It seems that an agreement had been made be- 
tween Knott and Tookey (the latter then of Boston) 21 February 1681, 
under which the defendant was bound to go in the service of the said Knott 
on a fishing account for seven months, in consideration of which time and 
service was to be paid the sum of forty shillings per month in fish as money 
and was to be found in meat, drink, washing and other necessaries for a 
fishing voyage, as lines, hooks, lead &c. And the said Knot agreed to pay 
Samuel Mattockes of Boston the sum of thirty-seven shillings and Mr. 
Wintworth of Great Island in Pascataqua river seven pounds per order and 
agreement with said Tookey. 

From the evidence of Nicholas Pickett it would appeal- that when Tookie 
and he took some ballast aboard Dr. Knott's Ketch the hatches being open 
" Tookie " ran to a hogshead of rum that stood in the Hold and tooke out 
the bounge, took the steme of an Indian tobaco pipe which was like a read 
and drank out of the bounge of the Ho££ h soe terrible that in a short tvme 
hee was uucapeable for to doe any bisines. 

June the 23 th : 82 Doctor Knott came to Goodm : Feltons house for a 
Coppy of y e Attachment I hearing his Tongue (may it please y e honored 
Court) callid unto him & desired him to send me my shirt & Drawers 
Whereupon he came to Goodm : ffeltons back Door rayling and reuiling at me 
most sadly calling of Rogue and Sirrah telling of me he had better at home 
to wipe his shoes then euer my father was for he said he was an Anny- 
baptisticall Quakeing Rogue that for his maintainence went up & down 
England to delude soules for y e Diuell w ch is no small Greife to me, to 
Thinke that he has not Onilye abused me in keeping of me in clos Prison 
almost this fourteen weekes but abuse him whom he neuer knew but was 
well knowne to be a religuous Godly man by seuerall good Godly people 
here in New England ; likewise his Library w ch I brought ouer to This 
Country Proues him (may it please y e honour d Court) not to be neither 
Quaker nor Anny baptist. W ch y e Reuerend M r Allen & M r Madder of 
Boston & y e Worshipf M r Danford of Cambridge are Sensible of besides a 
great many Scollers of Cambridge w ch bought seuerall of y e Bookes per- 
taining to my fathers Library. 

May it please The Honour d Court 

I beseech you r honou" To take this sad miserable and deplorable Condi- 
tion I am now in ; into your honours considerations : in considering in the 
first place of my Education & bringing up w ch was to learning (my great 
grand father was a Doctor of Divinitye in London in Queen Elizabeths 
Tyme & Deceased there; my Grandfather was Minester of S* lues (well 
known by y e honoured Gouem r Broadstreet as his honour told me himself e) 
vol. xliv. 9* 



98 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

And likewise by Major Pembleton of Winter hauen* now Deceased) My 
father (may it please y e honoured Court) and M r William Bridge Preached 
Twelve yeares together in y e new Church of Great Yarmouth I being his 
Eldest son he did Intend I should have been a minister And in my Thir- 
teenth yeare of Age sent me to Emanuel Collidge in Cambridge it being 
y e same Colledge he himselfe was brought up in : But y e prouidence of 
God ordered it so The Tymes altering ; I had been there but a fortnight 
before my father sent for me home and asked me if I was willing to goe to 
London to be an Apprentice ; My answer was That I was willing to Sub- 
mitt to his pleasure whereupon he sent me to London & I was Bound an 
Apprentice to a Whole Sale Grocer in Cheapside ; But I had nott been an 
Apprentice much aboue a yeare before y e Chiefest part of y e Citty was 
Burnt ; my Master sustaining therby so great a Losse as he did by reason 
his Owne house he liued in & all his Goods and likewise seuerall other 
houses he had rented out in y e Citty Broke; and was not able to sett up his 
Trade againe ; Wherupon I being uery young desired my father if he pleased 
That he would giue his Consent that I might goe to Sea ; Which request of 
myne (may it please y e honour d Court) he Consented unto ; And bound me 
an Apprentice for Three yeares to Capt Sam 11 Scarlett of Boston to serue 
to y e Sea; Which Tyme I truly served as is well knowne by seueral of 
Boston; Now y e Debt (may it please y e honoured Court) w ch Doctor 
Knott sayes he has Engaged to pay in my behalfe I did not owe it through 
any Extrauegance but Through y e Prouidence of God having been taken 
twice and cast away Once since I came out of England; And now lately I 
accidentally cutt all y e Sinews of my right hand; through w ch means I was 
forced to lye lame upwards of six months not being able to use one of my 
fingers in six months Tyme; That what y e Doctor had for y e Cure of my 
hand y e Charges I was att for Washing Lodging & Diet it being in so 
deere a place as it was in Piscataqua River besides the Losse of my Tyme ; 
brought me thus behinde hand; And Therfore I humbly desire you r 
honours to Commiserate my pour & Distressed Condition I am now in; 
being a Stranger to you r honours and likewise to this Towne hauing layn 
here almost fourteen Weekes in Close prison; The Lord knowing that there 
is no one knowes what here I haue suffered since I came in here hauing not 
now halfe y e strength I had when I came first in here ; The Lord knows 
when I shall recouer my strength againe (but my trust I hope is still in 
him) besides y e Losse of my most pretious Tyme w ch can neuer be recalled 
againe In w ch Tyme (may it please y e honoured Court) I might haue paid 
M r Wentworth of Piscataqua his Debt but haue maliciousley been Debarred 
from it ; & kept here by a Writched malicious man falsely w ch I question 
not but your Honours plainlye sees it. 

Your honours Poor and humble Declarant and Petion r Who prayes for 
yo r honour 8 health happinesse and Prosperitye in this Lyfe and in y e World 
to come lyfe Euerlasting 

So prays Your honours humble Petitioner & Seruant 

Essex Co. Court Papers, vol. 37, page 150. Job Tookie. 

Edward Bettris of Oxford, chirurgeon, 29 April 36 th year of Charles 
II. (1684), proved 12 February 1684. To my wife Anne all my two 
thousand acres of land, and all other lands and tenements whatsoever within 
the Province of Pennsylvania, or elsewhere, till my daughter Anna shall 
attain her age of one and twenty years. To my wife the use of my silver 

* Evidently Major Bryan Pendleton of Winter Harbor. — Editor. 



1890.] Commission of Sir William PepperrelL 99 

tankard and my three silver spoons. Reference to an Indenture of Lease 
and Release with Henry Adams of Harwell in the County of Berks, 
yeoman, and John Adams of Kingston Leisley in the County of Berks, 
yeoman, — a messuage &c in the parish of S*. Peter in the Bayly in the 
City of Oxford. My wife to be executrix. Cann, 15. 



COMMISSION OF SIR WILLIAM PEPPERRELL, BART., 1757, 

AS LIEUT. GENERAL. 

Communicated by Alkert A. Folsom, Esq., of Boston. 

Mr. Oscar Leighton found in a house at Portsmouth, N. II., 
which he purchased and now occupies, a commission given to Sir 
William Pepperrell, by Gov. Pownall, in 1757. The document is 
engrossed upon parchment, and is in splended condition. It has 
been suitably framed, and hangs on the office wall of the Appledore 
House at the Isles of the Shoals. We <A\q it below. 



B' 



Province of the ) Thomas Pownall Esquire, Captain Gen- 

Massachusetts Bay. j eral, and Governor in Chief, in and over His 

Majestys Province of the Massachusetts Bay 
[Seal] in New England, and Vice Admiral of the same. 

To Sir William Pepperrel Baronet, and Major General in His 
Majestys Army Greeting. 

By Virtue of the Power and Authority in and by His Majesty's Royal 
Commission to Me granted, to be Captain General and Govenour in Chief, 
in and over this His Majestys Province of the Massachusetts Bay, I do 
by these Presents, reposing especial Trust and Confidence in your Loyalty, 
Courage and good Conduct, Constitute and appoint you the said Sir William 
Pepperell to be Lieutenant General of the whole Militia within this 
His Majestys Province, and do Commit to you the more immediate Conduct 
and Command of the said Militia, with full Power upon any Emergency, 
for the Special Defence and Safety of the Inhabitants, to assemble in 
Martial Array, order and dispose of all such part of the said Militia, as 
you Shall judge necessary for that Purpose; and by Force of Arms to 
encounter, repel, kill and destroy, by all fitting Meaues such of His 
Majesty's Enemies as shall in a hostile Manner attempt or enterprize the 
Invasion or Annoyance of any Fortress, or any of His Majestys Subjects 
in this Province, And upon any Allarm at Castle William to cause Such 
Numbers of Soldiers to repair thither as you shall judge necessary for his 
Majesty's Service, and the Security of Said Fortress ; And you are care- 
fully to discharge the Duty of your Said Office & Trust; And all Subor- 
dinate Military Officers within Said Province are hereby Commanded to 
yield due Obedience to your Orders in Relation to the Premises ; And 
Yourself to observe and follow Such Directions and Instructions as you 
shall from time to time receive from Me, for his Majestys Service, accord- 
ing to Rules and Discipline of War, pursuant to the Trust reposed in you. 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Arms at Boston the eighth Day of 
August 1757. In the thirty first Year of the Reign of his Majesty Kino 
George the Second. 

By His Excellency's Command, T. Pownall. 

Thos. Clarke, Dep tjr Secry. 



100 Early Charitable Organizations of Boston. [Jan. 



THE EARLY CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONS OF 

BOSTON. 

A paper read before the New England Historic Genealogical Society, April 2, 1879, 
by the late Edward Winslow, Esq., of Boston. 

HOLDING the position of general agent of one of the oldest 
private charitable societies (still in full operation) in the city, 
founded in 1835,* on the principle that employment is the best form 
of charity, I have naturally been led to investigate the first methods 
adopted for this purpose, and to ascertain what was done by our 
fathers for the care of the poor. Owing to the great increase by 
immigration of the poorer classes from Europe, the prevention of 
pauperism has become a more difficult problem to solve now than it 
was for our fathers, although it is now being considered by the best 
minds both in this country and in England. It was a little curious 
to find, in the course of my investigations, and in view of the Chinese 
question, that the same objection was made early in the history of 
the town to the importation or immigration of foreigners by native 
laborers and mechanics, that is now made by naturalized foreigners 
to the immigration of the Chinese ; for as early as 1667 a petition 
was sent to the General Court to pass a law for its prevention. 
There are one hundred and twenty-nine names on the petition, which 
is dated May 12, 1677, and alleges that strangers from all parts 
come into the town, many of whom are unskilled, and interfere with 
the mechanics who are the most numerous class and pay a large 
proportion of the taxes. 

When the colonies first began to feel the effects of the monopoly 
of British manufactures, and to experience the dependence of all 
classes, more especially in the difficulty of providing for the employ- 
ment of women and children, a large meeting of the citizens of the 
town was held, about the year 1735, to devise some measures for 
their relief. At this meeting a committee was appointed to report 
upon the expediency of establishing a school for the instruction of 
women and children in spinning and weaving. This movement 
resulted in the erection of a handsome brick structure, bearing on 
its front the figure of a woman holding a distaff. The site of this 
building was on Tremont Street (then called, as is well known, 
" Long Acre "), and nearly opposite to where the Park Street Church 
now stands. Great enthusiasm was created in the town at the 
opening of this building, and numbers of women came with their 
spinning wheels ; but whether it was for want of machinery or the 
necessary experience, the enterprise was abandoned after a few years, 

* Edward Winslow, Esq., the author of this paper, was the general agent of the Indus- 
trial Aid Society. He was born at Boston, Nov. 7, 1803, and died at Newton Centre, May 
26, 1883. See biographical sketch, Register, Vol. 38, page 98.— Editor. 



1890.] Early Charitable Organizations of Boston. 101 

although a tax wa9 laid upon carriages and other luxuries by the 
General Court for its support. 

This movement of the citizens for the establishment of manufac- 
tures may have been the origin of those corporations that have since 
done so much for the prosperity of New England, and which soon 
attained the experience and employed the machinery that enabled them 
to compete successfully with foreign nations. 

But in March, 1748, another movement was made, partly to 
encourage industry and partly to relieve the poor ; and as flax at 
that time was extensively cultivated in New England, it was thought 
desirable to establish the linen business. A company was soon 
organized, and probably the same building that was erected in "Long 
Acre" in 1735, was utilized for this purpose. A subscription paper, 
no doubt several, were circulated among the citizens in order to 
establish the business, and among our old family papers one of these 
papers was found, containing the names of thirty-five prominent 
citizens of the town, with the amount of their subscriptions, in their 
own handwriting. Among these names may be seen those of James 
Bowdoin, Thomas Oliver, William Phillips, Edmund Quincy, Jos. 
Quincy, Samuel Wells, Isaac Winslow and others. The names of 
John Hancock, James Otis and others of note, were said to have 
been subscribed on other subscription papers, and a copy of all the 
signers may be seen at the Boston Library containing one hundred 
and ninety-nine names. 

The paper which I now have the pleasure to present to the society 
is original, and has been considered by some of our associates worthy 
of your consideration — more, perhaps, than the few remarks that 
have been made in the presentation. The paper is not so ancient 
as it would seem to be by its appearance, for there are those living 
who can identify the handwriting of several of the signers. But what- 
ever may seem of recent date to us, will not seem so to our successors. 
We are passing away, and events and localities of comparatively 
recent date to us, will be old to them. Such great changes have 
been made in the topography of our city within the remembrance of 
many of our associates, and so many worthy citizens have passed 
away, it may be well for us to record our recollections of both, though 
they may not have the flavor or the stamp of antiquity. In this view, 
I propose to conclude with a brief notice of the several Poor-houses 
or Alms-houses, though there is perhaps nothing new to be said 
about them, or in regard to their location. 

The first alms-house was erected on Beacon Street in 1662, and 
was burned in 1682. It was probably a woout^: structure, as a two 
story brick building was erected on the same street, and probably 
on the same site. After a few years, although designed for the poor 
and infirm, it was also used for the confinement of criminals. This 
was an evil demanding a speedy remedy ; consequently a House of 
Correction, or Bridewell, was built in Park Street about 1720. 



102 Early Charitable Organizations of Boston. [Jan. 

Contiguous to this, a large and handsome brick building, facing the 
Common, was built in 1738, for a work-house and alms-house. It was 
one hundred and twenty feet in length, and these public buildings 
occupied the whole length of Park Street. But this large building 
finally became so much crowded, and the ventilation was so imperfect, 
that in 1800 the inmates were removed to a new brick building of 
imposing appearance and proportions, erected on Leverett Street, 
and this was used for the care of the poor for twenty-five years. 
The dimensions of the lot on which it was built were 280 feet by 
80 ; the building was 270 feet in length by 56 in breadth. It had 
a fine central hall 50 by 40 feet, and on the pediment were several 
tolerably carved figures in wood, representing some females adminis- 
tering charity to poor children, none of the group being abundantly 
supplied with clothing. Residing for some years in the vicinity, 
and when first taken by my father to visit a poor person, the building 
seemed palatial to a boy's eyes, and it was considered an ornament 
to the city. Subsequently, on looking through the handsome iron 
gate, I saw the children at their games, and they seemed to be rather 
objects of envy than of pity, until some well dressed person appeared, 
when they left their play and their merry looks, and thrust their 
hands through the bars of the gate for alms. They knew well 
enough that boys in those days were not blessed with much pocket 
money. 

The relatives and friends of the inmates were admitted to the 
institution on certain days, and it was a great grief to those poor 
people when they were removed to South Boston in 1825. The 
building stood near where Barton Street is now, facing Leverett 
Street, and inclosed with a high brick wall. The rear was open to 
Charles River. Many respectable persons were inmates of the Boston 
and Roxbury poor-houses at that time and and previous to the great 
immigration of foreign poor, and it was not considered such a disgrace 
then as it is now, though a great many persons are quite willing to 
be supported by the public outside of the public institutions. 

Boston 10 th March 1748. 

We the Subscribers apprehending that the promoting of Industry 
& encouraging such Manufactures as are best suited to the Produce of our 
Lands would, among other things, tend to relieve the Province under its 
present difficultys, & being especially desirous of promoting the Linnen 
Manufacture, do hereby promise to pay to such Person or Persons as 
We or the Major part of Us assembled for that purpose shall appoint to 
receive the same, th&x9& _ral Sums affixed to our Names, to be disposed of 
& employed for such purposes as We shall then agree upon. And further 
We agree to meet at the Workhouse in Boston on Thursday the sixteenth 
of this Instant March at three o'Clock afternoon, if we conveniently can, 
then & there to consult Measures to effect these Designs, & to abide by 
such Resolutions as shall then & there be agreed upon by the Major part 
of Us then assembled, provided that two thirds of the Number subscribing 



1890.] 



Lee of Virginia. 



103 



hereto shall be then present. The following Sums are understood to be 
in old teu r . 



Tho' Hill Fifty pound £50 

Edw d Jackson Fifty Pounds £50 

Sam 1 Grant mfty Pounds £50 

John Barrett fifty pounds 50 

Nath 11 Holmes fifty pounds 50 

Joseph Sherburne 50 

Tho* Baxter £50 

Thomas Cushing £50 

John Franklin £50 

Sam 1 Cary £50 

James Russell £50 

Joseph Green £50 

Benj c Hallowell £100 

Ezek 1 Goldthwait £50 

Dan 1 Henchman 50 

Isaac Winslow £50 



Jacob Wendell fifty Pound 
Eze: Lewis fifty Pounds 
Fran 8 . Borland Fifty Pounds. 
Edw. Bromfield Fifty Pounds | 

old tenor. j 

Joshua Cheever One Hundred ) 

Pound ) 

Tho* Hubbard one hundred ] 

pounds ) 

Edm. Quincy One hundred ) 

pounds ) 

Eben" Storer one hundred 1': 
Js a Walker Fifty Pounds old ) 

Tenor ) 

Andrew M c kenzie 



£50 
50 

50 
100 
100 



And. Oliver for myself one hundred 
Pounds old ten 1 ", & further agree 
as one of the Exec" of my Father's 
Will to appropriate the Income of 
the House which he gave to main- 
tain a School, to the foregoing 
design, if conducted agreeable 
thereto. £100 



100 

100: 

50 

£50 

Tho' Greene one hundred Pounds 
Samuel Welles fifty Pouuds 
James Pitts fifty pounds 
Thomas Oxnard fifty Pounds 
James Bowdoin one hundred pounds 
Tho 9 Flucker fifty pounds 
Will" 1 Bowdoin One hundred pounds 
Jos ia Quincy one hundred pounds 
W" Phillips fifty pounds £50 



[On a small piece of paper attached to this document, in another hand from that 
in the body of it, is written : "Linen Manufactory 1748, 10 March. Subscrip- 
tion of the United Society for Manufactures and Importation on w (h sund. sums 
are due, viz* I Fayerweather 

S. Welles Estate 

N. B. Arnold Welles desires to see it & did not scruple to pay it. 
Mem To shew it him." 



LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

Genealogical Notes Proving the Error of the 
Previously Accepted Pedigree. 

Communicated by J. Henry Lea, Cedarhurst, Fairhaven, Mass. 

SOME years since a lively discussion arose over the genealogy of the 
distinguished family of Lee of Virginia, excited by the appearance of 
a clumsy forgery* which was fully exposed in the columns of the Nation 
by Mr. W. H. Whitmore of Boston. The burden of evidence at that time 
seemed to point to Richard Lee of Stratford-Langton, in Essex, a suburb 

* Genealogical History of the Lee Family of Virginia and Maryland, from A.D. 1300 to 
A.D. 1866. With Notes and Illustrations. Edited by Edward C. Mead. New York : 
Richardson & Co. 1868. 



104 Lee of Virginia. [Jan. 

of London, the son of Sir Robert Lee, Knt., of that place, as identical with 
the Col. Richard Lee who, in 1640, emigrated to Virginia and founded there 
a family which has perhaps given more statesmen and warriors to their new 
home than any other of our old colonial progenitors. This evidence, 
although rather shadowy, — being in fact nothing more than that the emi- 
grant, in his will, called himself " late of Stratford-Langton," — was never- 
theless generally accepted, faute de mieux, by most genealogists, and, it is 
believed, by the family themselves, while a recent magazine article by Rev. 
F. G. Lee in the Miscellania Genealogica, afterward reprinted in pamphlet 
form,* assumed this descent as proven and so constructs the pedigree with- 
out more evidence than he is able to adduce for his own many and frantic 
attempts to connect himself with the same noble family .| 

The writer has, however, in the course of other investigations on which 
he has been engaged for some years past in the English Records, fully 
satisfied himself that this Richard Lee, son of Sir Robert, died in his youth, 
and that another Richard Lee who was also of Stratford-Langton and Step- 
ney in the first half of the 17th century and distantly, if at all, connected 
with the Quarrendon Family, was the true ancestor of the Virginia stock. 
Who this Richard may have been he hopes at some not distant day to be 
able to clearly prove. Meanwhile we must not lose sight of the fact that 
the son of the emigrant, in his monumental inscription in Westmoreland 
county, Virginia, is described as " de antiqua familia in Merton Regis in 
comitatu Salopsiensi oriundi" a fact utterly irreconcilable with the Quarren- 
don theory, but which may hereafter give a clue to the true descent. 

Of the proofs which follow, the writer need say but little, as they speak 
for themselves and must be convincing to any mind open to conviction. 

First we may cite the Inquisition Post Mortem held on the death of Sir 
Henry Lee, Knight of the Garter and Champion of Queen Elizabeth, who 
by his will (which it is needless to quote) made his cousin, Henry Lee 
(afterward baronet), the eldest son of Sir Robert Lee, Knt., of Stratford- 
Langton, his heir. This Inquisition, as will be seen, fully provides for 
failure of the succession, passing over Edward, the second son, who, as a 
clergyman and celebate, is not unnaturally omitted, and gives us George, 
Thomas and Robert Lee, as the only other surviving sons of Sir Robert at 
that date, with remainder, failing their issue, to Robert Lee of Binfield, 
John Lee of Latchford, cousins, and Henry Lee of Rainsford, great nephew 
of Sir Henry Lee, K. G. 

These sons are all mentioned in the will of Sir Robert, the father, in- 
cluding the younger son, Robert, who only survived his father a few months, 
being buried at Hard wick, 19 November, 1616, and is accordingly, as we 
would expect, omitted in the will of his mother, Lady Lucy Lee, made in 
1617. Thomas, the third son, dies unmarried and intestate in 1623, shortly 
after his mother, and his estate is administered by his brother Edward, 
the Rector of Hardwick. 

The next will, that of Sir Henry Lee, Bart., the heir of Sir Henry Lee, 
K. G., mentions his only son, Francis Henry Lee, and his surviving brothers, 

* Genealogy of the Family of Lee of Chester, Bucks and Oxon, showing the Lineal 
Descent of the late General Robert E. Lee of Virginia, America, from Sir John Lee, Knt. 
Compiled by the Rev. Frederick George Lee, D.C.L., F.S.A., Vicar of All Saints, Lambeth, 
London. London : Mitchell & Hughes, 140 Wardour Street. 1884. 

t Compare the Pedigrees in Herald and Genealogist, 1865, Vol. III. fo. 486 et seq., and 
that given at fo. 635 of same author's History, Description and Antiquities of the Prebendal 
Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Thame in the County and Diocese of Oxford, &c. &c. 
London : Mitchell & Hughes. 1883. 






■• 0nA * T nn r^-P Vi»ninAlt. 107 

t he 
<1 at 

TUSt 

1. 

119 
r of 
one 
;e a 
ind- 
bed- 
y in 
; to 
J ice 
: to 

luer 
one 
idry 
atee 

age. 

K 

ural 
City 

k. 

>net, 
hold 
ouse 

i his 
lore, 
dby 

Knt. 
mey 
ry of 
r the 

said 
liter, 
It of 
.ie to 
3 the 

£10 
sister 
1; to 
►wed 
acies 
elles- 
on in 
itrix. 
59. 



106 



r . 



J* T7-" 



Bucl 
Ji 

nis g 

Esta 
TS 
m 

Esta 

Heni- 



*J° ne [abcl =Benedict Lee of Hulcott=Elizabeth, dau. Henry Lee= 



RoWa rs t wife; 
buried at 
A.d stock, 
L*o. Bucks. 



& Bierton ; ob. 1547, 
buried at Hulcote; 
Will P. C. C. 42 
Alen. 



Thoi 
3 _ 



of Robert 
Cheyne of 
C hesham 
Bois, Esq.; 
living 1547. 
2 wife. 



dau. of 
Bostock. 



Lees of London and 
Cold Ashley, county 
Northampton. 



of Hulcote=Lucy, dau. of Thomas Pigott, 



L 



f Stratford. 

:,nat.l545; 

KHardwick. 

nextWili P. C. 

Oxo 

It 

Dat VLee. 
To 

Goc 

Goc 

in r< 

£50 

to S 

he J 

Art) 

161 

Goc 



Esq., of Beachampton, co. 
Bucks.; ob. 1623. (Will 
Arch. Bucks., vol. 1623-5, 
fol. 109.) 



Mary Lee m. Sir George 
Tyrrell, of Thorn- 
ton, co. Bucks., Kt. 

Jane Lee, ob. 1582. 



1 h, dau. of 


Robert Lee, 


1 1 
Richard Lee. 


«J 1 1 , 

Frances, ob. juv. 


Margaret, ob. ju^ 


" M 1 Nichols, 


buried at 


Anthony Lee. 


Elizabeth, ob. juv. 


Joyce, bapt. at I 


widow of 


Hard wick 




Mary, m. William 


1577; ob. juv. 


C P U1 . . Saxby 


19 Nov'r, 


Both ob. juv. 


Hall, and left 


Alice, m. Jos.Lak< 


sixeond.,mer- 


1616. 




issue. 




mor it; m.3d, 
., . Orwell, 










spahg 1655. 










Hai 










&£ 










his 










11 ^O 

Lee of— Joane George Lee — Winifred 


1 
Henrv Lee, 


1 1 1 

Helen, m. 


thatlover, living 1655. 




liv. *1655. 


Humphrey Vernon 


tiorjQcks., 




1659. living 




living 1655. 


ob. 




1655. 




Lucy, m. 


s. p. 








Samuel Winston; 


P.C. 








living 1655. 


rkley 








Judith, ob. juv. 



1890.] Lee of Virginia. 107 

the Baker, the Butcher & the Chaundler, fortie pounds. Mentions that he 
owes to Eaton, the tailor, for a dublett and a payer of hose. To be buried at 
Hard wick. 

Proved by Dame Lucie Lee, the relict, as a Noncupative Will, August 
30, 1616. P. C. C, Cope, 81. 

1623. — Dame Luce Lee of Hard wick, co. Bucks., widowe. Will dated 19 
January 1617. To be buried in Parish Church of Hardwicke. To poor of 
parish xxs. ; to use of the church xxs. ; to daughter the ladie Lea " one 
irishe little chaire wrought with irishe sticke"; to son Edward Lee a 
" siluer cupp with a couer, called maudlin cupp & my great brason and- 
irons"; to son Thomas Lee one siluer bowle & fower siluer spoones, bed- 
stead with furniture, linen, &c; to daughter Mary Halle, bed &c already in 
her own possession, "allso one little siluer bowle to drinke beare in"; to 
Willm Halle the younger xl s. ; to Lea Hall eleaven sh. ; to daughter Alice 
Lacke 2 siluer spoones & one little siluer goblet to drinke wine in; to 
servant Stokes xx.s.; to seruant Alice Gander xl s. ; to son George Lee 
"siluer basonn & ewre, 2 siluer pottes, called colledge pottes, 2 siluer 
saltes, 2 siluer tankards & one siluer greate bowle, 6 siluer spoones, one 
siluer box with a siluer sugar spoone & all my plate unbequeathed," sundry 
beds, bedding, furniture &c, & said son George to be Residuary Legatee 
& sole Executor. Overseer son Edward Lee. Wit: Richard Hogge. 
Proved 26 April 1623 by the Executor named in will. 

Archdeacon of Bucks, Vol. 1623-5, fo. 109. 

1623. — 29 March, Commission issued to Edward Lee, " Clcs," natural 
& legitemate brother of Thomas Lee late of St. Martin near Ludgate City 
of London, but " celebis et intest. defs." Ac. 2 A. 162 1. 

P. C. C, Act Book. 

1631. — Will of Sir Henry Lee of Ditchley, co. Oxon., Knight & Baronet, 
dated 30 March 1631. To wife, Dame Elinor Lee, k * all such household 
stuffe & furniture as doe belong to any twoe chambers in my dwelling house 
at Ditchley which she shal make choyce of & all her jewels," also coach & 
harness & 4 best horses; to son and heir Francis Henry Lee, then in his 
minority, all plate & other household goods; Recites that certain manors, 
lands, tenements &c, in the counties of Oxon & Bucks, had been settled by 
Deed dated 20 March 1630-1 upon Sir Thomas Penniston of Cogijs, Knt. 
& Bart, Sir Edward Terill of Thornton, Knt. & Bart., Sir Edward Verney 
of Cleiden, Knt., Edward Lee of Hardwick, Clerk, Francis Gregory of 
Hordley, Esqr., William Hall, Gentn., & George Pickering, Gentn., for the 
use of his son Francis Henry Lee, or in default of issue of the said 
Francis Henry, two parts of the same to go to his eldest daughter, 
Bridget, & one part to his younger daughter, Anne, or in default of 
their issue, to his brother George Lee, Esqr., & in default of his issue to 
Robert Lee of Bynfeild, co. Berks, Esqr., or in default of his issue, to the 
right heirs of the said Sir Henry Lee, Knt.; to brother George Lee £10 
to buy plate & the same sum "to good brother Edward"; mentions sister 
Mrs Mary Hall & her sister Lake, also kinsman & servant, Lee Hall ; to 
be disposed in blacks at the discretion of Executrix £100 ; to be bestowed 
on a tomb for mee in the parish church of Spellesbury " £100; Legacies 
to poor of Hardwick, Wedon, Beerton, Abbotts- Aston, Wadsden & Spelles- 
bury; Recites a settlement of his mansion of Bridetshorn alias Burston in 
parish of Aston-Abbotts, dated 27 April, 1614. Wife sole Executrix. 

Proved 5 May 1631 by Executrix. P. C. C, St. John, 59. 



108 L 

Buck. 


ee of Virginia. 




[Jan 


Henr. Lee cle Ditchley= 
in Com. Oxon., mil. 

6 bart. , vel. 30 Marti j 

7 Car. ob. 6 Apr. 1031. 


=D'na Elianora, fil 

Worsley 

de Com. 

Ebor. mil. 




1 
Georg. 2. 


1 
ffranciscus Henricus Lee 
baronet fil. uni. et heres 
act. 25 Ann. pr urn ward 
de Roy. 

3000£ fines. 

1000 mks. rent. 






1 
Anna, 

2 Alio. 


1 
Bridgetta 

1 filio. 



Coles' Escheats in Brit. Mus., Vol. III. fo. 11. 

1637. — Will of George Lee of Highgate, in parish of Hornsey, co. of 
Middx., Esq.; Dated 31 May 1G37. To be buried in the most privatest 
manner & with the leaste charge & expense that may bee only mourning 
to be given to wife, children & maiude servnt which now dwelleth with 
me & to noe other; to deere & loving wife Judith £1000 & all plate, 
household stuff &c no we in my chambers & lodgings att Highgate & 
in London, except my bason & ewre of silver, which I give to eldest son 
Robert Lee. the same being given him at his baptism by his god-fathers, 
my late brother Sr. Henry Lee & my now brother Edward Lee, preacber 
of the word of god; wife is to give bonds in £400 to nephew, Sir Francis 
Henry Lee & brother, Edward Lee ; in case she marry again to pay each 
of 5 children three score pounds apeece, viz. Hellen, Robert, George, 
Luce & Henry, or if she be with child, 50 lbs apeece to 6 children at 21 
years or marriage of daughters ; to poor of Hard wick & Weedon, co. Bucks, 
where I was borne 40s. Estate to be equally divided amongst children or 
survivors of them. Executors — nephew Sir Francis Henry Lee & brother 
Edward Lee, & to each of them 40s. for a ringe. Wit : Thomas Conn & 
Humfrey Nicols. Proved 21 June 1G37. P. C. C, Goare, 84. 

1639. — Will of Sr. ffrances Henry Lee of Ditchley in Countie of Oxon., 
baronet, " in my good and pfect health and memory." Dated 10 March 
17 Charles; Dispose of worldly estate principally to Deere & lovinge Wife 
Dame Anne, eldest sonne Henry & the children we nowe have or hereafter 
may have ; Beseeches the Kings Matie & Master & Council] of Wards & 
liveries that the wardshipp of lands of Sonne & Heire be committed to said 
wife. To wife Dame Anne all howsehold stuff &c now in and belon^in^ to 
Chamber called redd bedd Chamber & all remainder of that plate given her 
by her ffather att her marriage, all her Jewells to her owne use & because 
some of that plate is wanting £100 to buy other in place thereof, coach & 
4 Coach horses if I have so many at death, if not £20 for each horse that 
is wanting ; to sonne Henry all other plate, householdstuffe &c at age of 
21. to be used by wife during mynority if shee soe longe remain unmarried; 
Recites Indenture of 5 March 14 Car., by which has demised vnto Sr. John 
St. John of Lidiard Tregose, co. Wilts, Knt. & Bart., Sr. Thomas Peneston 
of Cornewall, co. Oxon, Knt. & Bart., Sr. Edmund Varney of Midd. 
Cleydon, co. Bucks, Knt., George Pickeringe & John Cary of Ditchley, 
gent., divers Manors, lands &c in Oxon & Bucks for 99 years in trust 



1890.] Lee of Virginia. 109 

— confirms said Deed, they to employ rents &c in discharging debts & 
legacies. Recites that mother, the right honble Elinor Conntess of Sub 
holds in Dower & by lease lands Ac of myne for life — if she die during 
minority of son then J of such Ids which she had eithei from Sr. Henry 
Lee m v hither or in right of dower Bhalbe sett forth for the Kin^- Matie 
during such minority & the other £ to the aforsaid trustees; &c &c. To 
eldest daughter Elinor £5000 — viz. 20()n in 6 moa after her marriage or 
of 21 & other 3000 in 6 moa after death of the Countess of Sussex, or, 
if Bhe marry without consent of mother & trust 00 only & tfa 

score pounds a year for maintenance till 1 1 ^ fowerscore till '2 1 ormarria^ 
if wife l>e now with child to it £1000 within 6 months of majority or 
marriage & £8000 in 6 mbs after deatb of Countess of Sussei or if married 
without consent 6400 only, £50 a year till 11 & then threescore pounds 
year till 21; to second sonne ffrancia Henry threescore pounds yearly till 
14 & fourscore til! 21 & a Capital! forme in Hardwick co. Bucks., he to 

pay sonne iV lieire £6—13—6 Nearly, also an annuity of L'-'>U() out of Manour 

of Hardwick & weedon; wife to have education of all younger children ; to 
(father Sr. John St John i'2<» for peece of plate ; to friends Sr. Thomas 
Peniston & Sr. Edmond Varney the Bame; to Bervants George Pickering 
& John Cary Bame bequest; to my Chaplain Air. .John Meredith £20 to 
buy books; to servant Geo. Pickering Borrell stone horse & hay mare; to 
servant John Cary barbary horse & little uagg, & to Anne Cary, his 
daughter, £100 at 1 6 years or marriage ; to servants Richard Washington 
& Jaques the (frenchman £10 a] inta Dan. '11 the Cooke, John 

Patie, Oliver Kinderly, Richard Deane, Richard Welshe & John Treads 
£5 apeece; to servant William Hucknell £5; to servants Thos. Hucknell, 
John Spur, Michael Holloway, Robert Clare, Robert Kyman, John Barnard, 
Humfrie Barnard, John ffranklyn, Cornelius Collins & John Goodyer 10s. 
apeece; to Anne Cleetcr the nurse £5; to servant Anne Vorke l*o ; to 
servants Anne Baggett, ffrancia Horton, Sarah Holloway & done Bailie 
40s. apeece; to be disposed in blacks £100; to poor of Hardwick <\ Weedon 
£6-13-4; to poor of Abbotts Aston, Bexton, Waddeston each 40s.; to 
poor of Spellshnry £40 to add to .stock of £40 which my father gave ; to 
sonne & heire Henry all Manours, lands, &c with remainder, in default of 
lawful male issue, to second sonne ffrancia Henry, with remainder to third 
sonne to he begotten, with remainder to fourth sonne to be begotten, with 
remainder half to eldest daughter, Elinor for life, &, if wife be now with 
child with a daughter the other moietie to such dau., if said daughter or 
dans, die in lifetime oi' my Bisters Dame Bridgett Tryon & Mria Anne Lee 
then estate to said sisters for their lives, with remainder to Robert Lee, 
eldest sonne of my vncle George Lee, &, in default of lawful male issue, to 
George Lee, second son of vncle George Lee, with remainder to Henrv 
Lee, youngest sonne of same, with remainder to Cossen Robert Lee of 
Bingfield, co. Berks, with remainder to my right heirs forever. Wife Dame 
Anne sole Executrix. In witness &c F. Henry Lee. Wit : John Meredith, 
John Whitton, Nich : Whitton, John Bradley, Edward Lovell. 

Probate issued 10 August 1639 to Dne Anne Lee relict & Executrix 
named in the will. P. C. C, Harvey, 137. 

1641. — Will of Edward Lee, of Hardwicke, Clerke, Rector of Hardwick ; 
Dated 1 Nov. 1641. To poor of Hardwicke & Wedon £6-13-4; to poor 
of Aylesbury 40s.; to Mr. Bartin, Minister of Aylesbury, to preach a 
funeral sermon at burial 20s. ; to Merton College St. Augustine's Works ; 

VOL. XLIV. 10* 



110 Lee of Virginia, [Jan. 

to Sir Nathaniel Brent, Warden of same College, a mourning ring of 20s. ; 
to Lady Lee, late wife to Sir Francis Henry Lee, Bart., my nephew 
deceased, my guilded bible in octavo & "I giue vnto her my seale ring of 
our ancestor's arms, humbly intreating her to keep it for the vse of the heire 
of our howse & to deliver it to him at the age of one & twenty yeares ; " to 
sister Lake, now wife of Mr. Henry Lake of Buckland, bedstead, bedding 
& furniture which are in the newe chamber, & my middle siluer bowle & 
10s. for a ringe ; to Mr. Lake, her husband, 10s. for a ringe ; to god-daughter 
Lucy Lake 20s. for ringe; to all other children of sister Lake to by ringes 
10s. apeece ; to nephews George & Henry Lee, sons of brother George, 
deceased, & to their two sisters, my neices, 10s., apeece for a ringe ; to sister 
Mrs. Mary Hall a bedstead & 20s. for a ringe ; to Mr. Coates, minister of 
"Whitchurch, best Tabby Casock & 10s. for ringe; to Mr. George Pick- 
ering & to Mr. John Cary 10s. each for a ringe; to wife of William 
Theed of Whitchurch 20s. & stuffe gowue faced with velvet ; to my two 
sisters, each of them a mourning vaile ; to cosen William Hall's wife, my 
deaths head ringe ; to neighbor John Reddinge 10s. for ringe ; to cosen 
Bassett & his wife 10s. each for ringe ; to 8 servants, named, sundry small 
legacies. Residuary Legatees nephews William Hall & Lee Hall. Sole 
Executor William Hall. Overseers, Daniel Chatburn & Mr. pickeringe. 

Codicil — same date — To good friends & allies Sir Edward Tirrell & Lady 
Tryon & Mrs. Anne Lee, daughters of my brother, Sir Henry Lee, Knt. & 
Bart., each 10s. for a ringe. 

Wit : ffra : Stevens, Michael Parrott, Eliz : Vawdrey. Proved 2 Dec. 
1641 by Executor named in will. 

Archdeacon of Bucks, Vol. 1641, fo. 26. 

1655. — Robert Lee of Wendover, co. Bucks, Gent. Will dated 9 Janu- 
ary 1655. To mother Mrs. Judith Orwell a ring; to grandmother Mrs. 
Judith Nicholls a ring; to brother George Lee & Winifred his wife each 
a ring ; to brother Henrie Lee a ring ; to brother Humfrey Vernon & 
Ellen his wife, my sister, each a ring ; to brother Samuel Winston & Luce 
his wife, my sister, each a ring ; Wif. Joane Lee Residuary Legatee & 
Executrix. Wit: Robert Stockeu, Tho: Seare. Proved by Executrix. 28 
Ffeb. 1655. P. C. C, Berkley, 33. 

1658. — 4 August, Letters of Adcon. issued to Dame Anne willmott, 
mother of Ellenor Lee, late of Ditchley, parish of Spalesbury, co. Oxon., 
Spinster, deceased intestate. P. C. C, Admon : Act Book. 

1659. — Sir Henry Lee of Ditchley, co. Oxon., Baronet. Dated 18 
March, 1658. Trustees — vncle Sir Walter St. John of Lidiard, Wilts, 
Bart., Sir Ralph Verney of Cleydon, Bucks, Knt., & John Cary of Ditch- 
ley, Oxon., gent., whom he " regrets to trouble but they are the only persons 
whom he can trust." To daughter Ellenour £5000 & £80 per ann. till 
12 years of age then £120 till 15. If child wife now goeth with be a daugh- 
ter, the same bequest; if a son, then subject to trustees aforesaid for heirs 
male of my body, in default for brother Francis Henry Lee & his heirs 
male ; in which case daughters each to have £3000. Names mother 
Countess of Rochester. In default of issue of brother Francis Henry Lee 
then Manors &c, in Burston, Bucks, to Cousen George Lee & his heirs, 
with remainder to cosen Henry Lee, younger brother of cosen George Lee 
& his heirs male, with remainder to my (half) brother the Earl of Roches- 
ter provided he take my name, with remainder to my right heirs ; to wife 



1890.] Lee of Virginia. Ill 

Dame Anne .'til plate &c, furniture of greaf room at Ditchley where Bhe 
lay in & £1000, her estate free to herself & u I wrish that my estate \\ 
in a better condition that I might doe more for her;" to grandmother 
Countess of Warwick £100 for a ring; to mother Countess of Rochester 
$2000; to brother Francis Henry Lee £100 a year A my grey b< 
Louse; to brother Earl of Rochester £100 a year; to A.un1 Berkely £50 
for a ring; to cosen Ellenor Tryon a ring; to rncle Sir Walter St. John 
£200; Sir Ralph Verney £100; to Mr. Carey £500 & my chestnu! mare; 
to Mrs. Jane Carey his wife £200; to friends Maior Salwey, Mr. Rowland 
Jenks the elder A Mr. Thos fates each £50; to poor ministe I at 

disposal of brother Francis Henry & Mr. Gunning; Mr. Gunning £20; 
Mr. Samuel Eloare £20; to my wife's gentlewoman Mrs. Kingston £20; 
to Alice Theed £20; to servant Robt. Etherington £10< elding; 

to servant Loysell £200; all the resl of servants a years i Rich. 

Welsh £5; JohnTredway £5. Executors — mother, Countess of Rochester 
& wife Dame Anne Lee. Wit : Tho: Clayton, Robert Etherington, 
Phillis Loisell, Charles Gostwycke, Wm: Pranck Lynn. 
Proved 16 April 1659 by Executors named in will. 

P. C. C, Pell, 236. 
1659.— Will of Dame Anne Lee, Widdow. Dated 15 June All 

legacies given by will of brother Henry Danvers, Esq., which remain unpaid 
to he discharged. " It" the child I now goe \\ ith shall happen to be a sonne" 
daughter Ellinora to have £5000 at L 5 or marriage. All estate is lodged 
'i Trustees, all intrusted for me to convey same to Sir Ralph Verney, km., 
M"hard Salway, Esq., Thomas fates, Clerke, & John Cary, gent., they to 
i_\ debts & legacies with remainder to heirs of my body except £10,000 
> half brother John Danvers, Esq., & balance of personal estate to sister 
j&lizabeth for her life with remainder to heirs <»t her body. The right 
>nble Anno Countess of Rochester, mother to late husband, Executi 
witness Anno Lee. Wit: Sam: Iloaio, Phillipp Loisel, Ro 
Ethrington. 

Codicil. — Dated 18 July 1»><39. To Anne Countess of Rochester my 
diamond pendaut; to daughter Ellinora my great pearl necklace ; to my 
I dy Elizth. Cane my brothers picture &c. ; to niece Prances ViUei 
to friend Sir Ralph Verney £100; to Maior Selway & Mr. Rowland 
Jenks. the elder, £200; Mr. Tho Fates £500; Mr. Thos Capin, Mr. Robt 
Atkins, Mr. Thos Escourt, Mr. William Yorke, Mr. Thos Gunter, £20 
e.i'-h ; Mr. Wm. Baxter & Mr. Nath. Bostocke Cot) each; Lady Butler, 
\v low, annuity of . I' 20 ; Mr. Thos Danvers of Dantesly annuity of 
m cousin Vrsula Hall £20; Mr. Thomas Yates & Mr. John Cary for 
t ble in managing estate £40 a year till children come of age ; to servant 
Cii.^eper Kingstone £50; to servant Robert Ethrington £100; to nurse 
J;ic '» £20; to maid Anne Danvers £20; to Katherine Jacob £5; to 
V am Yorke £5 ; to John Cooke £5 ; to poor of Lovington Daun 
wi'eel was born. Nuncupative Codicil, states that on ol July 1659 
ah 8 or 9 hours before her death speaking to Rt. lion. Viscountess 
"NV -^ot otherwise called Countess Rochester the said Anne Lee save 
c< i directions as to her funeral, legacies to servants &c. &c. 
oved 22 December 1G59 by the Executrix named in the will. 

P. C. C, Pell, 543. 

ibular pedigree of the Quarrendon family of Lee, compiled by me, 
ace >anies this article. 



112 Elliots of Kittery , Me., and South Carolina. [Jan. 



THE ELLIOTS OF KITTERY, ME., AND SOUTH 

CAROLINA. 

Introductory. 

THE editor has received genealogical records of the Elliots of 
Kittery, Me., and the Elliotts of South Carolina. The record 
of the Kittery family will be printed in this number of the Register ; 
that of the South Carolina family will appear in April. We prefix 
to them the following statements from Tuttle's Historical Papers 
recently published, pages 338-340 : 

Three brothers, John, Robert, and Richard Cutt (in modern times the 
name is Cutts), came to New England and settled on the Pascataqua. 
Savage states that they were natives of Wales, but upon what authority it 
does not appear. The precise date of their immigration has not been de- 
termined. John Cutt was an eminent merchant at Portsmouth, in the 
Province of New Hampshire, and by appointment of the Crown in 1679 
was the first President of the royal government instituted in that Province. 
He died in 1681, and was spoken of as an aged man. He is usually men- 
tioned as the eldest of the brothers. In the town records his name does 
not appear until Jan. 30, 1653-4; his brother Richard's name is recorded 
under date of April 5, 1652. The last named was at first engaged in the 
fisheries at the Isles of Shoals; but he finally settled at Portsmouth, and 
died there in 1676.* 

Robert was a shipmaster, and resided for some time at Barbados, where 
he married his second wife, Mary Hoel. Returning to New England, he 
settled at Kittery, in the Province of Maine. Here he carried on the busi- 
ness of ship-building. He died in 1674, and his will, dated June 18, 1674, 
was admitted to probate on the 6th of July next ensuing. His estate was 
inventoried at £890; a large sum, says Savage, for that neighborhood. 
Among the chattels enumerated were eight negro slaves. 

By his wife Mary, Robert Cutt had onef son and four daughters ; name- 
ly, Mary, Bridget, Sarah, Elizabeth, and Robert. Sometime subsequent to 
1675 his widow married Capt. Francis Champernowne. As will be seen 
by reference to Champernowne's willj, his wife and her children received 
by gift or devise the principal part of his estate. 

Bridget Cutt married the Rev. William Screven, the first Baptist minister 
in Kittery. Having suffered persecution for his religious opinions, and be- 
ing finally expelled, he removed to South Carolina, where he helped to 
established his religious denomination on a permanent basis. He appears to 
have been an able and devoted minister. His descendants are among the 
most respected people of South Carolina and Georgia.§ 

* For the Wills of John and Richard Cutt, see Brewster's Rambles about Portsmouth, 
First Scries, No. 5. 

f Champernowne in his will mentions his son-in-law, Richard Cutt. Hence it has been 
inferred that this Richard was also a son of Robert and Mary Cutt; but the inference is 
not a necessary one. He may have been a son of Robert Cutt by his first wife. Champer- 
nowne bequeathed to him £5. 

+ This will is printed in the Register, vol. 27, pp. 146-7- 

§ For a notice of Mr. Screven and his labors, see Register for October, 1889, pp. 146-7 . 



1890.] JElliots of Kittery, Me., and South Carolina. 113 

Elizabeth, the fourth daughter of Robert and Mary Cutt, married Hum- 
phrey Elliot, a resident on the Pascataqua. They had two bods, Robert 
and Champernowne. The latter, who was named heir and residuary 
legatee by Captain Champernowne, is supposed to have died in South 
Carolina. 

Humphrey P>lliot, with his wife and family, and his mother-in-law, Mrs. 
Mary Champernowne, accompanied or followed Mr. Screven to South 
Carolina, where it is supposed they continued to reside, and where they 
died. After the death of Humphrey Elliot his widow married Robert 
Witherick, also of South Carolina. Robert, son of Humphrey Elliot, 
married Elizabeth Screven, probably a daughter of the Rev. William 
Screven. The descendants of the Elliots and Sc re vena are numerous. 

The Elliots of South Carolina and ( Georgia are for the most part descended 
from Joseph and Elizabeth Elliott, who removed from Barbados to South 
Carolina previous to L697. It is not improbable that the Elliots of Pasca- 
taqua and the Elliots of I arbados were originally of the - one stock, and 
nearly related by blood. Persons bearing this .surname have been eminent 
in every succeeding generi Lion, in Church and State, in an *s and in civil 
life. By inter-marriage tl e family is connected with many of the families 
in South Carolina and G who for more than a century have been 

most distinguished and Influential. 



The Elliots of Kitteey, Mb. 

1. Robert 1 Elliott, a merchant of Great [sland, now New Castle, 

N. II., and who held various offices of trust and responsibility under 
the various governments in the Provinces of New Hampshire and 
Maine, among which was the office of councillor, married Sarah, 
daughter of the lion. Nathaniel Fryer, long prominent in the affairs 
of New Hampshire. They had : 

2. i. Humphrey, 2 whom. Elizabeth Cutt. clan, of Robert and Mary (Iloel) 

Cutt. 
ii. Jane, who m. successively Andrew Pepperell and Simon Frost. 
iii. Elizabeth, who m. Jan. 9, L700, Lt. Gov. George Vaughn, and had 

eleven children, of whom the eldest son was William Vaughan, tUe 
first projector of the Louisburg Expedition of 1744-45. 

2. Humphrey 8 P^lliot (Robert 1 ) and his wife, Elizabeth Cutt, had the 

following named children, all born, as is supposed, in Kittery, Me.: 

3. i. Robert, 3 m. (1) Feb. 5, 1720-1, Elizabeth Screven, dan. of the Rev. 

William and Bridget (Cutt) Screven. Hem. (2) Elizabeth Har- 
ford, of So. Carolina, Jan. 25, 1725-0. who survived her husband, and 
m. (2) in 1728, William Emms? After his removal to So. Carolina, 
Robert Elliot resided in Berkley County. He held the office of 
tax-commissioner in 1720 and for some years following. His will, 
dated July 15, 1727. was proved Jan. 11, 1727-8. He mentions 
sons. Artemas and Humphrey ; daughters, Dorothy and Elizabeth; 
his mother, Elizabeth Witherick; and Richard Butler, Thomas 
Bullin and John Bullin. executors, 
ii. Champernowne. He signs his mother's bond in 1718, and is fre- 
quently mentioned in the records of So. Carolina, 1720-25, as 
deputy to the Surveyor General. His name is not found in the 
index of Wills and Letters of Administration, and his subsequent 
history is unknown. 

After the death of Humphrey Elliot, his widow married (2) 
Robert Witherick, of Somerton, So. Carolina, who died in 1700. 



114 JVotes and Queries, [Jan. 

3. Robert 3 Elliot [Humphrey, 2 Robert 1 ) and Elizabeth Screven had 

children : 

4. i. Artemas, 4 who m. Mary, dau. of Charles and Mary Burnham, June 
22, 1744. The will of Artemas, dated April 22, 1700, and proved 
May 1, 1761, mentions wife Mary and seven daughters, but no 
sons, and his cousins, Hugh Ferguson, Thomas Ferguson and 
Artemas Ferguson. 

ii. Elizabeth. She may have been the wife of Benjamin Williamson, 
who had sons, Benjamin and Champernowne. 

iii. Humphrey, who m. in 1744, Catharine Booth, dau. of Eobert Booth, 
and granddaughter of William Elliott, and had issue. His widow 
m. (2) in 1757, Thomas Ferguson, and d. Feb. 11, 1760. 

iv. Dorothy. 

4. Artemas 4 Elliott (Robert, 3 Humphrey, 2 Robert 1 ) and Mary Burn- 

ham had children : 

i. Mary, 6 m. 1763, Robert Cochran. 

ii. Margaret, m. 1773, James Darby, from whom descended the 
numerous Darby family of So. Carolina. 

iii. Charlotte. 

iv. Anne. Her will, dated 20 Dec. 1800, was proved 25 April, 1804. 
She mentions her niece, Mrs. Elizabeth Elliot Bremar, wife of 
Francis Bremar, and her nephew, Artemas Burnham Darby. 

v. Eleanor. 

vi. Elizabeth, m. 1773, Lewis Lestargette. 

vii. Henrietta. 

[To be continued.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Notes. 

Peculiarities in Birth Kates. — There are peculiarities in birth-rates which 
must be familiar to genealogists, but which probably are rarely made the subject 
of comment. Without proposing to designate the family, a brief notice will be 
given of the peculiarity in one instance, which may be regarded as of a striking 
character. In the family in question there were thirteen children, ten sons and 
three daughters. Incidentally it may be stated that in the family of a brother 
of the mother, there were twelve or thirteen children, nearly all of whom were 
girls. The product of the family mentioned has been not less than twice as 
great among the daughters as among the more numerous sons. Two of the ten 
sons died young, four never married, although living to middle age, or beyond, 
and of the four married, there was no issue In one case. The oldest daughter 
had two sons and six daughters, one of the latter dying young. One of her sons 
had one son and. one daughter, the son only having issue, and the other son had 
one son, with no probability of issue. The oldest daughter had two sons, and 
in that direction the family will become extinct. From several daughters the 
family in their line is numerous. Another daughter was blessed only with two 
daughters. A third daughter had several sous. \ fourth married, but had no issue, 
and the fifth never married. The immediate or principal family names, it will be 
seen, will be little known from these issues. To return to the original family 
under consideration, the second daughter had two daughters, both of whom died 
in in fancy. The third daughter had three sons and three daughters, and of the 
daughters bu1 one married and had a daughter. In this direction that family 
became extinct. One of the sons had one son and three daughters, and they 
may be a thriving race. Another son had one of each sex. Of the children of 
the oldest son of the first mentioned family, there Avere two sons and three 
daughters, none of the latter marrying, The oldest son had three daughters, 
but one having Issue, and the other son three sons. The second son, as above, 



1890.] Notes and Queries. 115 

had two daughters, and one son who died in infancy. The daughters married 
and had issue, the oldest having one of each sex, the son only marrying and the 
other two sons, one dying young and the other is not known as having issue. 
Incidentally, too, it may be said in this case, that the mother, on a second 
marriage, had two more daughters, both of whom married, and one of them had 
two sons and the other no issue. The third married son of the original family 
had three sons and two daughters, one of each dying young. The only issue as 
yet, is that of the remaining daughter, who has a daughter nearly grown. 

It will be seen, then, that of the original family name, there is not likely to be 
as many in the third generation as there were in the first. Turning back again, a 
leaf in genealogy, there were three times as many daughters as sons, and in one 
of these branches, of six sons, there were scarcely as many of the name in the 
third generation as there were in the first, with perhaps about as many in the 
fourth. r. a. 



Lying at Hull. — A correspondent writes to us as follows: "There is a 
curious error in the Prince Society's Edition of Morton's ' New English Canaan,' 
to which I thought I would call your attention, as it may prove a trap for some 
innocent investigator to fall into. On page 24 of the Introduction it reads that 
' At Hull, already known by that name " (referring to Nantasket) , and refers 
forward in a note to page 181 (337), where we read again, ' blow it high, blow it 
low, hee was resolved to lye at Hull rather than encounter,' etc. 

" The editor takes this to mean the place now called Hull, but a proper reading 
of the text shows that Morton was using a common nautical expression of his 
day to work out his satirical figure, which he turns off with evident satisfaction. 

" ' Lying at Hull,' as here used, means, in old sea-faring parlance, either lying 
at anchor, or stripping a ship of her canvas in order that she may the better 
ride out a storm. Look at the text and see if that was not what Morton had in 
mind." 



Monumental Inscription in the City of York, relating to America. — 
I enclose a transcript of an inscription to a New York person in a church in 
York which I thought might interest your readers. 

York, St. Martin le Grand. Near this Place Lieth Interred the Body of Jane, | 
Daughter of Jacob and Sarah Webson, of New York | In North America ; | And 
Wife to William Fowler of Selby | in this County, | who Died at York on the 
13 th Day of May 1792, J Aged 35 Years. 

[In capitals, mural tablet North Chapel.] 
Gainford Vicarage, Darlington, England. R. H. Edleston. 



Queries. 

Newdigate. — John Newdigate (sometimes spelled Newgate) was in Boston, 
Massachusetts, in 1634. He was born about 1580 in Southwark, near London 
Bridge. He came to this country with his third wife Ann, and their children. 

This wife had been previously married, first to Hunt, secondly to 

Draper. Their daughter Hannah married Mr. Simon Lynde, a wealthy merchant 
of Boston, son of Enoch Lynde, a shipping merchant of London, of the Dutch 
Van der Linden family, whose wife was Elizabeth, great-great-granddaughter 
of Sir John Digby, of Eye Kettleby and Lincolnshire. 

John Newdigate was a son of Phillip Newgate or Newdigate, of Hornings- 
heath, co. Suffolk. In an early will, dated 1665, John Newdigate gives a legacy 
to his third wife's sister who had married William Newdigate, his uncle's son, 
living in London. Who was his wife? 

In a pedigree of the Lynde family prepared by Chief Justice Benjamin Lynde, 
2d, grandson of Simon and Hannah (Newdigate) Lynde, copied from an 
earlier paper, in mentioning his grandfather " John Newdigate " he adds, " see 
arms in margent." In Newport, on the tombstone of Sarah Lynde, wife of the 
second Nathaniel Newdigate, grandson of John and Ann Newdigate, she is called 
" uxor Nathaniel Newdigate armigeri." The arms were omitted. What arms 
did John Newdigate bear? Did he descend from the same ancestry as the 



116 Notes and Queries, [Jan. 

Newdigates of county Surrey and Warwickshire, or any of the heraldic families 
of that name now existing in England? 

Nathaniel, son of John and Ann Newdigate, born in England in 1627, married 
in England, Isabella daughter of Sir John Lewis. Nathaniel Newdigate, in his 
will dated Sept. 8, 16G8, calls himself " Newdigate alias Newgate of London, 
merchant." He makes his "Brother Sir John Lewis, of Ledston, in the 
countie of York," one of the overseers of his will. What is known of Sir John 
Lewis, and his son Sir John Lewis of Ledston, York? Are there any descend- 
ants of this Newdigate family still living in England? The information is 
desired by Mr. and Mrs. Edward E. Salisbury, of New Haven, Conn., for a large 
genealogical work now approaching completion. 



Digby Arms. — Can any one tell the writers where the combined arms of the 
early Digby family can be found? 

Queen Elizabeth's Cipher. — On a linen table-cover, with needlework said to 
have been wrought by Princess Elizabeth (afterwards Queen) when she was in 
captivity, there is a cipher which can be compared to a flat, nearly square bag, with 
a handle over most of the top ; or to a padlock, as it has what may be a keyhole 
near the centre of the square. There is a smaller square inside of the larger one. 
The table-cloth belonged to Deputy Governor Erancis Willoughby, and has been 
kept since his time as a precious relic in one line of his descendants. It brings with 
it, through the generations, the tradition referred to, and is said to have been given 
by Princess Elizabeth to her relative, a Willoughby, who was her maid-of -honor 
and who shared her captivity, and from her came to the family of Deputy Gover- 
nor Willoughby. It appears by history that Lady Margaret Willoughby (sister 
of Sir Francis of Wollaton, whose two daughters married into the Willoughby 
D'Eresby family), a cousin of Princess Elizabeth, was her maid-of -honor at the 
time referred to. This old tradition has another singular confirmation in the 
fact that in the inventory of Judge Nathaniel Lynde, who married Susannah, 
only daughter of Deputy Governor Willoughby, among a large quantity of 
silver, there is mentioned "Queen Elizabeth's cup." In writing a genealogical 
account of our Willoughby s, we are trying to follow every clew by which to 
trace their history and prove their traditions. Can we learn whether Queen 
Elizabeth ever used such a cipher as the one we have tried to describe? 

Please address Mr. and Mrs. Edward E. Salisbury, New Haven, Conn. 



Doctor Benjamin Page, surgeon in the Kevolutionary Army, was with Gen. 
Stark throughout the war. — What was his family relation (if any) to Gen. Stark? 

After the war Dr. Page settled in Chester, N. H., afterwards lived in Exeter, 
where his sons were educated at Phillips Academy, about 1800 moved to 
Hallowell, Maine, where he remained in the successful practice of his profes- 
sion until his death in 1824. William H. Page. 

Greenport, Suffolk Co., iV. Y. 



Canadian Captives. — Information wanted as to the parentage of French, 

carried captive when an infant to Canada, date unknown. Re-baptized there as 
Andre. Married there in 1713. Wrongly believed by his Canadian descendants 
to have been the son of Thomas French of Deerfield. 

On early Canadian records he stands as Andre Fry or Fray, which in later 
documents is changed to Freinch, Frinch and French. 

Perhaps Andre French, Fray or Fry was kin to Richard Fry, New England 
captive, married at Three Rivers in 1723. Any facts as to the parentage of 
either, gratefully received and acknowledged by C. Alice Baker. 

Cambridge, Mass. 



Jones. — Enos Jones, born in Sutton, Worcester co., in 1734, with wife Antipas 
or Amplias went to West Haven, Vt., in 17G8, and was drowned there in 1803. 
He had sons Samuel, Daniel, Joel and Asahel, and perhaps others. 

Asa Jones, born in Sutton, 1739, with wife Dorcas and son Iasac, born 1764, 
settled in Royalston, where he was deacon of the Baptist Church. 

Information wanted of their descendants. E. D. Harris. 

280 Broadway, New York city. 



1890.] Notes and Queries, 117 

Full Names Wanted. — The undersigned is desirous of obtaining the full 
names of the following gentlemen who were formerly members of the New 
England Historic Genealogical Society, and will be greatly obliged to any one 
who "will assist him. The date prelixed to the name La that of admission to the 
society. 1850 — William M. Wallace, thenof Boston. 1853 — Samuel G. Wheeler, 
Jr., of Concord, Peter S. Wheelock of Boston, Samuel II. Gilbert of Gage Town, 
New Brunswick. 1855 — Thomas E. Graves of Thompson. Conn., Horatio N. 
Bigelow of Clinton (died there January 2. 1868), Lewis II. Webb of Rocking- 
ham, N. C, later of Virginia. 1858 — Franklin II. Sprague of Boston. 1859 — 
Rev. DenzilM. Crane (died at South Acton Sept. 4, L879). 1862— Edward M. 
Endicott of Boston. L864 — Ebenezer B. Foster of Boston (died in Cambridge 
August 26, 1876). 1866— George S. Page of Brooklyn, N. Y.. William S. 
Anderson of Boston, William V. Spencer of Boston. 1866 — A.bel B. Berry of 
Randolph, Albert W. Lovering of Roxbury. 1867 — .lames P. Bush of Boston, 
William II. Osborne of East Bridgewater. 1SG8 — C. Horace Hubbard of spring- 
field, Vt., John l). Towle of Boston. L869— Nathan II. Daniels of Boston, 
Nathan B. Chamberlain of Newtonville, .Jeremiah L. Newton of Boston. L876 
— Janus G. Elder, Lewiston, Me. 1878 — Henry c. Baydeu, Newtonville. 1881 
— Rev. Henry A. Cooke, Boston. 1884 — Earrie C. Browned, Newtonville. 1 
— Jerome F. Manning, Lowell. 1887 — Rev. William W. Campbell, West Clare- 
mont, N. H. 

t .r<>. Knrx Clarke, 
Chairman of Committee on the Rolls of Membership. 



Tubbs. — The Hinman Papers contain the following entry : — " Tubbs, Samuel, 
married Ann Chapman, Jan. — 1751." 

Can any one inform me who were the parents and the place or places of 
residence of this Samuel Tubbs? 

Osceola, Tioga County, Penn. Chaklks Tubbs. 



Replies. 

Newington CnuRcn Records. — In the Church Records of Newington, N. H., 
Register, Vol. 22, page 27, is the following entry: "7 May, 1702, Mr. Will 
Shackford and Mrs. Patience Dow married." And on page 449, 

" 8 Oct. 1732. Mary daughter of Joseph and Mary Shackford ow\ cov. and was 
baptized." 

During the month of August last I spent several days at Newington, and 
examined carefully the old church record book kept by Rev. Joseph Adams, and 
found therein recorded the marriage of "Will Shackford and Mrs. Patience Dow- 
ning, May 7, 1752. The record also shows that Mary, daughter of Joshua and 
Mary Shackford, ow. cov. and was baptized Oct. 8, 1752. 

The name Dow ning and Josh ua are each, half at the ending of a line, and 
half at the beginning of the following lines. There, evidently, has been a mis- 
take in copying or printing, which is misleading and perplexing. 

187 Cass St., Chicago, HI. Samuel Shackford. 



Historical Intelligence. 

British Record Society. — The " Index Library," which has now been pub- 
lished monthly for two years, " was projected for the purpose of printing 
Indexes and Calendars to such Records as are of value and utility to the histori- 
an, the genealogist and topographer." This periodical publication has met with 
such general approval, that on the 28th of November last The British Becord 
Society was instituted for " printing Indexes, Calendars and Records, illustra- 
tive of the Genealogy and Topography of Great Britain as hitherto issued in 
the Index Library." The society was organized by the choice of a council of 
ten members and other officers. A full board will be chosen at the first general 

VOL. XLIV. 11 



118 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

meeting of the society, which we hope to give in the next number of the Reg- 
ister, with full details of the society's objects. The chairman of the council is 
C. I. Elton, Q.C., M.P., F.S.A. ; and among the members are G. E. Cokayne, 
M.A., F.S.A., Norroy King of Arms; Mr. Fhillimore, the editor of the Index 
Library; J. C. Challoner Smith, Esq., superintendent of the Literary Depart- 
ment Probate Registry at Somerset House ; and Henry F. Waters, A.M. Ap- 
plication for membership should be addressed to W. P. W. Phillimore, M.A., 
B.C.L., honorary secretary, 124 Chancery Lane, London, W. C, who is also 
the general editor. The annual dues are one guinea a year, payable in January. 
An entrance fee of half a guinea will be required of members who join after 
April 1, 1890. The works of the society are to be issued in parts, not less than 
four a year. We hope that many applications for membership in this useful 
society will be received from our own country. 



New England Society's Money Accounts 1653-1664, Old Ms. — In one of 
my old note books taken some time in 1873 or 1874, I find the following entry 
which may be serviceable to some historian. It is entered as from, " Gloucester 
[New Jersey] Records, Liber G, No. 1," which are in the Secretary of State's 
Office at Trenton, N. J. " On a few reversed pages in the back of this volume 
are the money accounts of the New England Society from 1653 to 1664. Inter- 
esting." I personally examined these records at the date above and made the 
foregoing notes. 

Camden, Nero Jersey. William John Potts. 



The Dedham Historical Register. — Under this title the Dedham Historical 
Society propose publishing a quarterly periodical. " The object of the pub- 
lication," the prospectus states, "will be to preserve in a permanent form all 
manuscript papers of an historical character, and to encourage a taste for the 
study of local history. It will aim to present the phases of social life within 
the original township of Dedham since its settlement, and the relation of the 
town to the history of the times." The Register will contain various matters 
relating to the town, such as : — Proceedings of the Dedham Historical Society and 
its work. History, growth and progress of Dedham. Prize essays of graduat- 
ing classes of High School. Biographical sketches and Bibliography. Gene- 
alogies, diaries and family papers. Anecdotes and reminiscences of life in 
Dedham. Church and town records within Ancient Dedham. These papers 
will be illustrated from time to time. The first number will be issued this month, 
and the price of the quarterly will be one dollar per year. It is intended to be 
a repository of all matters relating to Dedham, and indirectly Norfolk County. 
Julius H. Tuttle is the editor, and M. G. Boyd, Dedham, the business manager. 



Tuttle's Historical Papers. — A volume entitled Capt. Francis Champer- 
nowne, the Dutch Conquest of Acadie, and other historical papers, by Charles 
Wesley Tuttle, Esq., Ph.D., edited by Albert Harrison Hoyt, A.M., with his- 
torical notes, and a memoir of the author by John Ward Dean, A.M., has just 
been published. Pursuant to the will of Mrs. Mary Louisa Tuttle, a selection of 
Mr. Tuttle's historical papers has been edited for the press. Besides the memoir 
of Mr. Tuttle by Mr. Dean, and a sketch of the life of his widow by Mrs. 
Harriet Prescott Spofford, the volume comprises a number of papers on his- 
torical subjects. 

The beautiful volume is illustrated with a portrait of Mr. Tuttle ; views in 
England and this country; a map, and facsimiles. 

The edition is limited to three hundred copies. The volume, including the 
index, comprises 442 pages, small 4to., printed on superior paper, uncut, and 
bound in muslin. Price 14.00. For sale by Damrell & Upham, 283 Washington 
Street, Boston, Mass. A full notice is promised us for the April Register. 



History of Dartmouth College and the Town of Hanover, N. H. — 
Frederick Chase of Hanover, N. H., has in preparation a book by this title. 
It will be published in two volumes. The first, covering the period prior to 
1815, will contain upwards of 600 pages with an index. The price will be $3.50 
a volume. Subscriptions should be sent in early. 



1890. Notes and Queries. 119 

Early Maryland Settlers. — William Francis Cregar, Esq., of Annapolis, 
Md., has devoted much time during the last two years to the preparation of a 
list of the persons who arrived in Maryland between the years L634 and 1688. 
He has a complete alphabetical list of the arrivals in that colony during that 
period, numbering about eighteen thousand names, gleaned from the demands 
for land recorded in the Provincial Land Records. lie has also a series of 
alphabetical abstracts of all the depositions and pedigrees recorded in the 
Maryland Chancery Proceedings, between the years 1668 and 1790. He is now 
engaged in preparing a genealogical and historical index; to the text of a series 
of forty volumes, containing a record of all the wills proved in the various 
counties of Maryland between the years 1G34 and 1777. We hope that this 
work will be printed. 



Life and Times of Bphraim Cutler. — Messrs. Robert Clarke & Co., Cincin- 
nati, O., have in press a volume with this title. It is prepared from Mr. 
Cutler's journals and correspondence by his daughter, Julia P. Cutler. Ephraim 
Cutler was the eldest, son of Rev. Manasseh Cutler and born in 17<>7 in Connec- 
ticut, went to Ohio in L796 and died in that state in 1853. Be contributed to 
the Register an article on "New England and the West," which was printed 
in vol. vii., pp. 297-300, The work will make an octavo of over 800 pag 
uniform with the Life, etc., of Rei . Ekfanasseh Cutler. Price $2.50. A limited 
edition is printed. 



Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.— Work on the General Catalogue, so 
long delayed, has been resumed, and the first edit ion. covering the period from 
1778 to 1830, will be issued in February next. Information is solicited from the 
pupils themselves, or their friends, including especially notices of changed 
address or of recent deaths. 

In preparation for the complete Catalogue, all later students are also requested 
to communicate with the Committee, giving date of their connect ion with the 
school and full facts as to subsequent education and occupation, with any 
degrees received or offices held; correspondence to be addressed to 

Andover, Mass. Rev. C. C. Carpenter. 



Americans of Royal Descent. — Charles IT. Browning. Esq., of Ardmore, 
Penn., is revising, with the intention of republishing, his collection of geneal- 
ogies, entitled " Americans of Royal Descent." and would like corrections and 
additions to his book sent to him as soon as possible. 



Connecticut Colonial Records. — Charles J. Hoadly, A.M., the editor of 
these Records, has in press the fifteenth and concluding volume, covering the 
period from May, 1775, to October, 177G. It will be an interesting volume, and 
will probably be out in March next. 



Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to 
furnish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families 
and other information which they think may be useful. We would suggest that 
all facts of interest illustrating family history or character be communicated, 
especially service under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, 
graduation from college or professional schools, occupation, with places and 
dates of birth, marriages, residence and death. When there are more than one 
christian name they should all be given in full if possible. No initials should be 
used when the full names are known. 

Breck. — Bvt. Brig. Gen. Samuel Breck, U.S.A., Adjutant General's office, 
War Department, Washington, D. C, has in preparation a genealogy of the 
Breck family. The book will be illustrated at an expense of five hundred 
dollars. Price $5.00 a copy. 

Champion. — Francis B. Trowbridge, P. O. Box 1605, New Haven, Ct., is 
preparing a genealogy of the Champion family. 



120 Societies and their Proceedings, [Jan. 

Ilildrcth. — Henry O. Hildreth, Esq. (10 Remington St., Cambridge, Mass.), 
is preparing a history and genealogy of the Hildreth family, and will be grate- 
ful for contributions from those interested in the subject. 

Parker. — John L. Parker, Esq., editor of the Lynn Daily Item and author of 
the History of the Twenty-second Massachusetts Regiment, has in preparation 
a genealogical and biographical history of Abraham Parker, of Woburn and 
Chelmsford, and his descendants from 1640 to 1889. He requests all persons 
interested to furnish materials or facts for use in the work as soon as 
possible. His address is Box 114, Lynn, Mass. 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PROCEEDINGS. 

New England Historic Genealogical Society. 

Boston, 3Iassachn setts. Wednesday, May 1, 1889. — A monthly meeting was 
held this day at 3.30 P.M. in the hall in the Society's House, 18 Somerset St., 
the president, Abner Cheney Goodell, Jr., A.M., in the chair. The recording 
secretary, D. G. Haskins, Jr., A.M., being absent, the Rev. E. H. Byington was 
choosen secretary pro tern. 

Col. Thomas Wentworth Higginson read a paper entitled, " How to Study 
History." 

Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., the historiographer, reported memorial sketches 
of four members, — Prof. William Gammell, LL.D., vice-president of this 
Society and president of the Rhode Island Historical Society ; Rear Admiral 
William Rogers Taylor, U.S.A., Stanton Blake and Dr. Jerome H. Kidder. 

June 5. — A monthly meeting was held this afternoon in the Society's House, 
President Goodell in the chair. 

Mr. William B. Weeden, of Providence, R. I., read a paper on " Early New 
England Currency." Mr. Haskins, the recordiug secretary, reported that 15 
books and 16 pamphlets had been received as donations in the month of May. 

The historiographer reported the deaths of three members, — William Henry 
Montague, Rev. Henry W. Eoote, A.M., and Frederick M. Ballou. 

It was voted that until a librarian be elected, the chairman of the library 
committee perforin the duties. 

The president announced the receipt of a bequest of one thousand dollars 
from the late Cyrus Woodman, A.M. 

A memorial notice of Mr. Woodman, prepared by Charles Deane, LL.D., 
chairman of a committee appointed at a previous meeting, was read by Col. 
Higginson. 

The president announced that Mr. William H. Montague, whose death is 
reported by the historiographer at this meeting, was one of the five original 
members and founders of this Society, and the last survivor of them. The 
other founders were Messrs. Charles Ewer, Lemuel Shattuck, Samuel G. Drake 
and John Wingate Thornton. A committee will be appointed to prepare suit- 
able resolutions for the action of the Society. 

October?). — The first meeting after the summer recess was held this afternoon 
in Jacob Sleeper Hall, 12 Somerset Street, the chapel of Boston University. 
President Goodell occupied the chair. 

Rev. Alfred P. Putnam, D.D., of Concord, read a paper on "Gen. Moses 
Porter, an unrecognized Hero of American History." 

Thanks were voted to Charles Deane, LL.D.. of Cambridge, for some manu- 
script volumes of collections relating to the Deane Family made by William 
Reed Deane, whose daughter, Miss Abby Weston Deane, had bequeathed them 
to the donor. 

Old Colony Historical Society. 

Taunton, Mtss., Tuesday, Oct. 15, 1889.— A quarterly meeting was held in 
Historical Hull, the president, Rev. Samuel Hopkins Emery, in the chair. 
Prof. John Ordronaux of New York city read a paper on " Corporations as 



1890.] Societies and their Proceedings. 121 

the great Commercial Forces of these Modern Times." Prof. Ordronaux formerly 
resided in Taunton, was the first corresponding secretary of this Society and 
devised its seal. Remarks on the paper Mere made by several members. 

Mr. Neils Arnzen, chairman of the committee on protecting Dighton Rock, 
submitted his report. Capt. John W. 1). Hall, the secretary and librarian, re- 
ported a long list of donations received since the last meeting. 

EnoDE Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday ', May 14, 1889. — A meeting was held in the Society 
Cabinet this evening, Gen. Horatio Rogers, vice-president, in the chair. A 
paper was read by Mr. William J. Hoppin, ex-secretary of Legation in London, 
entitled, " Curiosities of Historical Portraiture." Remarks by several members 
followed. 

Wednesday, June 5. — A special meeting was held this evening to hear and act 
on a report of Mr. Alfred Stone, in behalf of the committee on the enlargement 
of the Society's building. Mr. Stone showed sketches of his proposed addi- 
tions, and on motion of Dr. Caldwell, it was 

Voted, That the Committee be instructed to obtain estimates and proposals 
for the addition to the present building on the plan submitted to them, and pro- 
ceed to its construction as soon as practicable. 

Tuesday, July 2. — A quarterly meeting was held this afternoon at three o'clock, 
vice-president Rogers in the chair. Charles W. Parsons, M.D., first vice- 
president, was unanimously elected president of the Society to All the vacancy 
occasioned by the death of Prof. William Gammell, LL.D. Dr. Parsons de- 
clined to accept the office on account of impaired health, and Gen. Horatio 
Rogers, second vice-president, was then elected president. Hon. George M. 
Carpenter was chosen second vice-president to fill the vacancy caused by Gen. 
Rogers's election to the presidency. 

Hon. Amos Perry, the librarian, reported 50 bound volumes, 2G1 unbound 
volumes and pamphlets and 33 other articles as donations during the last quarter. 

Mr. W. D. Ely, chairman of a special committee, reported that Gen. Rogers 
had accepted an invitation to deliver an historical address before the Society on 
the centenary of the adoption of the Federal Constitution by the State of Rhode 
Island, to be observed May 29, 1890. 

Remarks were made by president Rogers and Mr. Ely in relation to the recent 
unveiling of the monument erected on Pequot Hill, Groton, Conn., in honor of 
Capt. John Mason, who at this place led the allied forces to victory over the 
Pequots, May 2G, 1037. 

Mr. Perry, the secretary, then read an " Historical Sketch of the Rhode Island 
Historical Society," which he had prepared. Thanks werevoted for his earnest 
study into the history of the Society, and for his clear and painstaking exposition 
of the same. It w r as also voted to print the paper in the Society's next annual 
pamphlet. 

Tuesday, October 1. — A quarterly meeting was held in the Society's Cabinet 
this evening, the Hon. George M. Carpenter, vice-president, in the chair. 

Mr. Southwick reported in behalf of the building committee that satisfactory 
progress had been made in the additions to the building authorized by the 
Society. 

Mr. William E. Foster spoke of the great need of preserving the earliest 
records of the city of Providence by printing them. On his motion it was voted 
that a petition to the city council that the records be printed, be signed by the 
Rhode Island Historical Society and circulated for signatures among its members 
and the members of the Providence bar. 

On motion of Prof. Jameson a resolution was passed for the collection of 
biographical data relative to members of the Society. 

Dr. James 0. Whitney, of Paw r tucket, read a paper on "The Location of 
Pierce's Fight." 

Tuesday, October 19. — The first of the Society's winter course of fortnightly 
addresses, for this season, was held this evening, president Rogers in the chair. 

Prof. James M. Hoppin, D.D., read a paper entitled, "An Old English 
Chronicle," describing Ingulph's Chronicle. Remarks on the paper by several 
members followed. 

VOL. XLIV. 11* 



122 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

Maine Historical Society. 

Portland, Thursday, November 21, 1889. — The fall meeting was held this 
afternoon in the Society's rooms, Baxter Building, the president, James Phinney 
Baxter, A.M., in the chair. 

Mr. Hubbard W. Bryant, the librarian, presented his annual report of acces- 
sions to the library. 

Rev. H. S. Burrage, D.D., read a paper on "The Beginnings of Waterville 
College, with a Sketch of its First President, Rev. Jeremiah Chaplin, D.D." 

The meeting was then adjourned till the evening, to be held in the upper hall. 

Evening Meeting. — The Society met at 7.30 P.M. President Small of Colby 
University delivered an address on "The Premises and Method of American 
Constitutional History." 

Virginia Historical Society. 

Bichmond, Saturday, November 23, 1889. — A meeting of the executive com- 
mittee was held at 8 o'clock this evening at the Society's room in the Westmore- 
land Club House, Mr. Valentine in the chair. 

Many gifts of books and other articles were reported. The original manu- 
script proceedings of a " Committee held at Captain George Weedon's in Fred- 
ericksburg, Va., on Monday, October 30, 1775," at which Fielding Lewis, Gent., 
presided, had been presented by Mrs. Mary Sterling Payne of Hopkinville, Ky. 
The committee appear to have been officers of volunteer companies, and the 
object of the meeting was to appoint a time and place for a general rendezvous 
of the minute companies of the colony. It was fixed on the 16th of November 
following, at Fredericksburg. 



NECROLOGY OF THE NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., Historiographer of the Society. 

The Historiographer would inform the Society, that the sketches prepared 
for the Register are necessarily brief in consequence of the limited space 
which can be appropriated. All the facts, however, which can be gath- 
ered are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in more ex- 
tended memoirs for which the " Towne Memorial Fund," the gift of the 
late William B. Towne, is provided. Four volumes, printed at the charge 
of this fund, entitled " Memorial Biographies," edited by the Commit- 
tee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of all the 
members who have died from the organization of the society to the year 
1862. A fifth volume is in preparation. 

The Hon. William Johnson Bacon, LL.D., a corresponding member, ad- 
mitted December 9, 1870, was born in Williamstown, Massachusetts, February 
18, 1803, and died in Utica, N. Y., July 3, 1889. His grandfather, John Bacon, 
began his public life as a clergyman, but after a few years entered upon a 
political career; he was born in Canterbury, Connecticut, was graduated in 
1765 from the College of New Jersey, and was ordained in the Presbyterian 
Church. He preached for some time in Somerset County, Maryland, and, in 
1771, was installed as one of the pastors of the Old South Church, Boston. 
The Rev. John Hunt, Harvard College 17G4, was ordained and installed on the 
same day. Dr. Wisner says: — " They were both men of talents and promise. 
Mr. Bacon's style of preaching was argumentative; his manner approaching 
the severe ; Mr. Huut was descriptive and pathetic, and peculiarly affectionate 



1890.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, 123 

and winning in conversation and public speaking." Mr. Bacon's pastorate in 
Boston continued for less than four and a half years. There were differences 
of opinion on some of the theological questions of the day, between hi m and 
his people, which, with other circumstances, led to his resignation; but he 
afterward received a formal expression from the church of its high respect, and 
regard for him personally. In the meantime he had married the widow of a 
predecessor in the Old South pulpit, the Rev. Alexander Cumming, a daughter 
of Mr. Ezekiel Goldthwaite. He moved from Boston to Stockbridge and 
entered upon civil life, although for a time he preached occasionally. He 
became a justice of the peace, a representative in the Legislature, associate and 
presiding judge of the Court of Common Pleas, a member and president of the 
state senate and a member of Congress. Be died in 1820. His son, Ezekiel 
Bacon, graduated from Yale College in 1794, and, in the course of his political 
career, was a member of the Massachusetts legislature, chief justice of the 
Circuit Court, a representative in Congress, and, for two years, first comptroller 
of the treasury in Washington. In 1814 he moved to the shores of Cayuga 
Lake in the state of New York, and, a year later, settled in Utica, where he took 
rank at once as one of the prominent citizens of the place, and where he exert- 
ed a highly beneficial influence both in public and private life while he lived. 

William Johnson, son of Ezekiel Bacon, was not fortunate in his teachers, 
while fitting for college, some of whom he describes as " coarse, ill-tempered 
and brutal men." There was, however, one " blissful exception," when, for a 
year, he "came under the teaching and magnetic influence of that wonderful 
orator and preacher,*' the Rev. Sylvester Lamed, who had just been graduated 
from Middlebury College, and who taught for a year at Pittsfleld, before going 
to Andover and Princeton, to pursue his theological studies. lie was settled 
over the First Presbyterian Church, New Orleans, in 1817, and died three years 
later. Mr. Bacon graduated at Hamilton College, in 1S22, at the age of nine- 
teen; he took his master's degree in course, and, in 1854, his college bestowed 
that of LL.I). upon him. Alter graduation he entered the law office of Joseph 
and Charles P. Kirkland, and studied there for a year; he then spent a year in 
the celebrated law school under Judge Gould, in Litchfield, Connecticut. Of this 
latter period, he afterward wrote : — " it was a most profitable year to me, and 
whatever of position 1 may be deemed to have attained in the legal tribunals, 
or as a judge presiding in the courts of this state, I owe mainly to the hard work 
I performed in what was then the tirst and best law school in the land." lie- 
turning to the same office in Utica for part of another year, in order to acquire 
a knowledge of the practice of the law, more complicated then than now, he 
was called to the bar, and entered upon his profession in 1824. He was some- 
what diverted, however, the next year, from the path he had marked out for 
himself, by engaging with a friend, as joint proprietor and editor of a news- 
paper. " I continued," he wrote, "in this enterprise only about two years, 
when I disposed of my interest to my then partner, and retired wholly from 
editorial life, having lost some money, but gained an experience which has 
proved, as I think, of some value to me." 

In 1842 Mr. Bacon entered into partnership with his brother-in-law, Charles 
P. Kirkland, and the two remained together nearly twenty years, building up a 
large and successful practice, until 1851, when Mr. Kirkland moved to the city 
of New York. Mr. Bacon continued the business for three years, and until, in 
the autumn of 1853, he was elected judge of the Supreme Court; he remained 
on the bench until 1870, " since which," he wrote, " I have never resumed 
practice, but contented myself with giving counsel, mostly gratuitous, and in 
trying cases as referee for many years, until I began to find it irksome, and 
declined any further service in that capacity, and ended a legal career which 
had continued for more than half a century." Of his opinions as a judge of the 
Supreme Court, and as a member, in his turn, in the Court of Appeals, it has 
been said since his death : " they are clear, closely reasoned, well weighed, with 
more literary merit than is common in law books." 

Judge Bacon followed his father and grandfather, not only in eminent service 
on the bench, but as a representative in the legislature of his state, and as a 
member of Congress. He was a wonderfully enterprising and busy man, for, 
outside of his profession, he took an active and leading interest in public 
improvements of every kind, including turnpikes, railroads, banks, manufac- 
tories, and in educational, philanthropic and religious affairs. "Few persons 



124 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

ever held so many positions of trust;" and in the " Utica Herald" of July 4, 
1880, a full record of his services in this regard is given. For several years he 
■was a vice-president of the Oneida Historical Society, and, in 1870, he became a 
member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. He was also a 
trustee of Hamilton College. 

Judge Bacon was called to deliver occasional addresses, and performed the 
service, Ave are told, with graceful and impressive eloquence. One of his most 
successful platform efforts was his welcome to Kossuth, the Hungarian leader, 
in 1852. He printed a memorial to his only son Adjutant William Kirkland 
Bacon, who was killed at Fredericksburg in December, 18G2, and a tribute to 
his daughter Miss Fanny E. Bacon, in 1881. " Even to his last days, he wrote 
with great facility, with unwavering accuracy, and with beauty of force not often 
surpassed." "His character," says the full and appreciative obituary notice, 
from which we have quoted freely in this sketch, " was symmetrical beyond 
that of most men, combining in society, the church and the state, high useful- 
ness, with rare graces and accomplishments." 

Judge Bacon married first, Eliza, daughter of General Joseph Kirkland, who 
died in 1872; and, secondly, Mrs. Susan Sloan Gillette, of New York, who 
survived him. By his first marriage he had four children, of whom only one 
survived their father, Cornelia, wife of Mr. S. W. Crittenden, of Utica. 

The Rev. George Archibald Smith, M.A., a corresponding member ad- 
mitted June 14, 1886, died at his home in Alexandria, Virginia, June 28, 1889, 
in the 87th year of his age. He was born in Alexandria, of English pa- 
rentage, at the beginning of the year 1802. At the age of sixteen he became a 
communicant at St. Paul's Episcopal Church, of which the Rev. William Wil- 
mer was minister. After a collegiate course at Princeton he graduated, in 1821. 
In preparation for the work of the ministry, he studied first at the General 
Theological Seminary of New York, and then at the Theological Seminary of 
Virginia. At this latter institution he was graduated in the summer of 1823, 
being its first alumnus. He was ordained deacon by Bishop Moore in December 
of the same year. His active ministry covered a period of sixty years. His 
first settlement was at Christ Church, Norfolk, which he was obliged to 
resign at the end of the year, owing to the temporary failure of his 
voice. After a rest, he took charge of the parishes of Culpeper, Madison 
and Orange, for four years. In the spring of 1830 he went to Europe, with 
Dr. Milnor of New York, his companionship with whom, led, on his return 
to America, to his assuming the editorship of the "Episcopal Recorder," 
Philadelphia. He held this position for eight years, and was very successful in 
it. Failure of health compelled his return to his native state, and, in 1837, he 
opened a classical school at Clarens, near the Theological Seminary, and he con- 
tinued at its head for sixteen years, exercising a strong and helpful influence 
upon the youth committed to his care. During this time, in 1817, he was 
induced by Bishop Meacle to undertake the editorship of the " Southern Church- 
man," and he held it until 1855. The ill health of a daughter made it necessary to 
break up the Clarens home, and Mr. Smith found employment for a time as an 
agent for the Board of Foreign Missions of his Church. He again settled at 
Alexandria, and opened a small select school for boys, laboring unofficially 
as a minister of the gospel. In January, 1863, he moved to Amherst, Virginia, and 
preached there until the close of the war, when he returned to Alexandria. He 
preached, as he had opportunity, for several years, without salary, and took an 
active interest in the management of the public institutions of the city. " But 
the ministry of his later life was that of St. Barnabas, the Son of Consolation; 
his room, that of a student and a comparative invalid, was as a centre of 
influence to all perplexed and sorrowing souls who sought his aid in any way." 
Being the oldest of the alumni of the Theological Seminary of Virginia, he was 
for forty years its president. Weakness prevented his annual visit to " Seminary 
Hill," Last June, and his absence from his long accustomed place at the head of 
the alumni was sadly missed. He died on the 30th of the same month, and was 
buried, a few days later, from old Christ Church, Alexandria, where he had often 
Officiated, and Where twice, during his long ministry, he had been asked to 
assume full pastoral charge, but had been kept back from undertaking it by the 
state of his health. 



1890.] Book Notices. 125 

BOOK NOTICES. 

The Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 
mail. 



Town Records of Manchester, from the earliest grants of land, 1630. when a por- 
tion of Salem, until 1736, as contained in the Town Records of Salem, Second 
and third Book of Records of the Town of Manchester. Salem, Mass. : Salem 
Press Publishing and Printing Co. 1889. 8vo. pp. 211. 

One of the earliest settlers of the Massachusetts Bay — one of the "Old 
Planters " -whose arrival here antedated that of both Endicott and Winthrop — 
was William Jeffrey, who is supposed to have given his name to Jeffrey's Creek, 
on the North shore of the Bay, between what are now Beverly and Gloucester, 
and who probably at that remote' period occupied it for fishing and trading pur- 
poses. Jeffrey's Creek was afterwards included within the limits of Salem, and 
that Town made several grants of land there, some at least as early as 1036. 
The General Court, May 13, 1640, granted the "petition of the inhabitants of 
Salem for some of their church to have Jeffryes Creeke, & land to erect a village 
there." The Court at the session of May 14, 1045, " ordered y l Jeffryes Creeke 
shalbe called Manchester," and from this it dates its separate existence as a 
town. It is not by any means certain why the name Manchester was chosen. 
Of various conjectures, Mr. William II. Whitmore's is not improbable, that as 
the great Civil War in England was then raging, and the Karl of Manchester had 
been but a short time before in command of the Parliamentary forces, it was in 
his honor that the town received its name, although, of course. Manchester in 
Lancashire, then a small place which gave but few indications of its present 
importance, may have furnished a name for the new town. 

Manchester is thus one of the oldest towns in Massachusetts. For the first 
two centuries the population was essentially a sea-faring one. and probably few 
towms on the coast have had so many ship-masters and seamen in proportion to 
its size. On the decay of our commerce and fisheries it became noted for 
cabinet-making, which was at one time extensively carried on. But this branch 
of industry has in its turn experienced a decline, and now the unrivalled beauty 
of its situation has made Manchester one of the most famous summer resorts in 
New r England, and line residences crown nearly every projecting headland. 

This volume, as its title page indicates, contains all the general records of the 
town which have been preserved to us from the beginning down to the year 
1730, with an index of persons arranged by Christian and surnames and an index 
of places and subjects. It is published by vote of the town, and is the work of 
the Town Clerk, Alfred S. Jewett, with the cooperation of a committee ap- 
pointed for the purpose consisting of Daniel Leach, William H. Tappan and D. 
L. Bingham. The thanks of the community are due to them for the painstaking 
and faithful maimer in which they have performed their task. No greater ser- 
vice to posterity can be rendered than by thus putting beyond the possibility of 
loss by Are or other casualty the fast decaying remnants of our early records, 
and generations yet unborn will bless the memory of the men to wdiose care and 
forethought they are indebted for the rescue from threatened destruction of 
these precious relics of the past. The records of all our ancient towms should 
be made accessible in print to the investigator. This great work has been too 
long delayed. If it had been begun a century ago, much that is now hopelessly 
lost might have been saved to us.* 

We are apt to forget that much of the literary work of the antiquaries of this 
generation will have to be done over again ; that the essays we write will not 
be read by those wdio come after us ; that the histories we publish will be super- 
seded in the next generation by others based on materials unknown or inacces- 
sible to us ; that our decisions will be over-ruled and the verdicts we render will 
be set aside on account of evidence yet to be discovered. The duty incumbent 

* At the annual meeting of the New England Historic Genealogical Society, January 2, 
1889, John T. Hassam, A.M., a special committee, made an exhaustive report on " Dangers 
to Public Records," which report was printed with the Society's Annual Proceedings. It 
was proved that the only sure way of preserving records is to print them. Copies were 
sent to the various town clerks. This town of Manchester is one of the first towns to get 
its records iuto print, although others have theirs in preparation. — Editor. 



126 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

upon the men of our day ,is to carefully gather up and put in print all the records 
of the past that have come down to us. It is the work of the collector and pre- 
server which will last for all time, and if properly done now it will not need to 
be done again. History can wait until the materials for it are collected, and 
when so def erred it will be all the better for the delay. 

In addition to the general records of the town of Manchester, there are in the 
Town Clerk's office, as yet unpublished, the records of births, deaths, marriages, 
and intentions of marriage, the selectmen's account books and the proprietors' 
records. It is to be hoped that steps will be immediately taken to carry on the 
good work, so that long before the approaching celebration of the 250th anni- 
versary of the town, all its records from the earliest times down to at least the 
beginning of the present century, if not later, may be put in imperishable form 
in print. 

By John T. Hassam, A.3L, of Boston. 

The Jewels of Pythian Knighthood. Edited by John Van Valkenburg, Past 
Supreme Chancellor. Cincinnati : The Pettibone Company, Fraternity Pub- 
lishers. 1889. pp. 451, 8vo. 

The contents of this volume more immediately concern the order. Several of 
the papers, however, are of wider interest. Dr. Talmage tells his opinion of 
secret orders good and bad, in a brilliant but sensible excerpt from one of his 
sermons. This order has now more than 250,000 members. It is founded on 
the principle of friendship and arranges its ritual around the story of Damon 
and Pythias, as illustrative of the genius and spirit of the order. The editor, in 
a graphic article, illustrated with wood cuts of photographs taken on the spot, 
describes a Day in Sicily. He confines his attention to Palermo, Monreale and 
Messina. The Hon. Charles B. Waite contributes a historical and topographical 
paper on Sicily and Syracuse, its most ancient city, the scene of the Damon and 
Pythias story. Mr. Waite's article is likewise illustrated, and is very good read- 
ing indeed, although his statistics of the cities would bear reconsideration. The 
Hon. Charles Cowley, LL.D., a life member of the New England Historic Gen- 
ealogical Society, contributes two papers, one a reproduction of a speech deliv- 
ered at Rochester and another a paper read at Toronto. In these papers Judge 
Cowley seems to have exhausted the subject, tracing every hint in ancient classic 
and early Christian authors that make any allusion to the Pythian legend, passing 
in review the ancient versions of Cicero, Diodorus Siculus, Valerius Maxim us, 
Porphyry and Jamblichus, correcting previous translations, showing how Lac- 
tantius introduces the story, hinting at St. Paul's knowledge of it, and showing 
traces of Pythagorean ideas in Shakespeare and Addison, and stating that several 
eminent authors had reproduced something very like the Pythagorean metempsy- 
chosis. He also gives to the light an interesting letter of Ralph Waldo Emerson 
describing Syracuse as our Concord essayist saw it in 1833. Finally he gives, 
from the note-book of his own observation, illustrative cases of true friendship's 
self-sacrifice occurring among the men engaged in our army during the civil war. 
Judge Cowley's contributions put much recondite lore within the reach of the 
merely English reader for the first time, and justify the eulogium of the late 
Elias Nason as to his exploratory ability, respecting the origin of the farfamed 
story of Damon and Pythias and the tyrant of Sicily. 

By the Bev. Bobert Court, D.D., Lowell, Mass. 

The Ordinance of 1787. By Frederick D. Stone, Librarian of the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania. 8vo. pp. 34. Philadelphia. 1889. 

This is a pamphlet reprint of an article contributed to the Pennsylvania 
Magazine of History and Biography. Its main intention is to criticize adverse- 
ly certain eulogiums which have been bestowed upon Rev. Manasseh Cutler, 
LL.D., for his services in promoting the adoption by Congress of the ordinance 
named in the title. These tributes to Dr. Cutler have generally, and perhaps 
without exception, made special reference to the clauses of the ordinance pro- 
hibiting slavery and providing for the encouragement of popular education and 
the institutions of religion. Incidentally with its main intent the pamphlet 
gives in chronological order a concise summary of the several measures pro- 
posed or adopted in Congress which led up to the elaborated and final ordinance 
of 1787, and cites interesting passages from letters and speeches of eminent 
public men of the period, bearing upon the subject. 



1890.] Booh Notices, 127 

This secondary or incidental labor of the author will be generally recognized 
as of value and importance, being as respects the list of measures brought for- 
ward no doubt exhaustive, and, as respects the citations, instructive. Both the 
list and the citations will serve for ready reference to any one who purposes to 
re-investigate the subject. For without doubt a re-investigation by a competent 
critic will need to be made before the conclusion to which the author of the 
pamphlet arrives will be deemed final. Independently of any concern about the 
fame of Dr. Cutler, or about warrant for the praise or the criticism bestowed 
upon his work, there will be investigation of the main facts by any careful 
writer who undertakes to look into the origin of the great states which grew 
out of the " North-west Territory." 

So far as it relates to Dr. Cutler and his eulogists or critics the question will 
probably turn out to be one of rhetoric, or of the right way of stating the case. 
The author of the pamphlet opens with a reference to the " Life, Journals and 
Correspondence of Manasseh Cutler," and says that he cannot agree with the 
views therein expressed, " that in the formation of the ordinance of 1787 for 
the government of the Northwest territory Dr. Cutler rendered an all-important 
influence." Later in the pamphlet Nathan Dane is quoted and relied on, the 
passage being in a letter from Dane to Kufus King, of date July 16, 1787. The 
ordinance had passed finally in Congress on July 13. Dane enclosed in his 
letter a copy of the ordinance and said to King that " we " (meaning Congress) 
" have been employed about several objects, the principal of which have been the 
government enclosed, and the Ohio purchase ; the former you will see is com- 
pleted and the latter will probably be completed tomorrow." Then, having set 
forth the stages of progress which the ordinance had made in the committee of 
which he was a member, Dane continues : — 

1 ' We found ourselves rather pressed. The Ohio Company appeared to purchase 
a large tract of the federal lands, and we wanted to abolish the old system and 
get a better one for the government of the country, aud we finally found it 
necessary to adopt the best system we could." 

All the testimony agrees that the only person who pressed was Manasseh 
Cutler, the agent, with full powers, of the Ohio Company. This pressure was 
such that Dane says it was found necessary to come to a result at once as to the 
territorial government. The author of the pamphlet finds that the proposition 
to prohibit slavery began with the persons who, in 1783, took the initiatory step 
in the formation of the Ohio Company, and that the proposition to provide for 
education and religion had been made before Cutler appeared upon the scene of 
Congressional action. He is willing to acknowledge as to the services of the 
Doctor this much: — " There was certainly nothing original regarding the 
suggestions [of slavery-prohibition and the fostering of education and religion] 
in connection with Territorial government, and the credit of having recalled 
them at a critical time is all that can be awarded to him." 

The question of fact seems to be, Did Dr. Cutler, as agent of the Ohio Com- 
pany, go before Congress with the sentiment in his heart, which Stephen A. 
Douglass expressed in terms, that he " did not care whether slavery in the terri- 
tories was voted up or voted down ;" or did he insist that the primary and organic 
legislation of Congress should be such as to make it certain that in the settlement 
of the territory for which he negotiated (and which became the pattern for all 
later settlements) freedom, education and religion should be perpetuated? 

The question of rhetoric seems to be, whether the service Dr. Cutler rendered 
may be described as an all-important one. The biographer of Dr. Cutler ; the 
orator of the Marietta Centennial, Senator Hoar ; the orator of the American 
Antiquarian Society, John M. Merriam; the orator of the American Historical 
Association, Dr. W. F. Poole; and the Rev. Edward E. Hale, D.D., all of 
whom the author of the pamphlet quotes, have said, virtually, that it was such 
a service. 

By Daniel W. Baker, Esq., of Boston, Mass. 

Du Simitiere, Artist, Antiquary and Naturalist, Projector of the First American 
Museum. With some Extracts from his Note Book. By William John Potts. 
Philadelphia. 1889. 4to. pp. 37. 

This is a reprint of an an article contributed by Mr, Potts to the Pennsylvania 
[agazine of History and Biography. Pierre Eugene Du Simitiere, a native of 
Geneva, came to New York in 1764 or 1765, but soon removed to Burlington, 
N. J., and finally in 1766 to Philadelphia, where he spent the rest of his life, 



128 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

dying in October, 1784. This tract gives an interesting sketch of this artist, 
antiquary and naturalist, whom Americans have good reasons to thank. As an 
artist he preserved the features of some of the leaders of the revolution ; as an 
antiquary he collected newspapers and rare pamphlets illustrating the history 
of that important event, now in the Philadelphia library, and which have been 
of much service to authors who have written upon it ; and as a naturalist he 
rendered valuable service to our country. " His acquaintance," says Mr. Potts, 
" numbered many among the best men of the day, not only in Congress and the 
Revolutionary army, but also the officers of the French army and among the 
British." Thus his opportunities for gathering materials for the history of the 
Revolutionary period were very great, and he improved them. 

The sketch of Du Simitiere's life by Mr. Potts is very satisfactory, and the 
copious extracts from the Note Book of the artist-antiquary, now in the Force 
Collection in the Library of Congress, add greatly to its value. 

The Register of Admissions to Gray's Inn, 1521-1889, together with the Register 
of Marriages in Gray's Inn Chapel, 1 695-1 754. By Joseph Foster, author of 
"Alumni Oxonienses," "The British Peerage," "Our Noble and Gentle 
Families of Royal Descent," etc. etc. etc. London: Privately Printed by 
The Hansard Publishing Union, Limited, Great Queen Street. 1889. Super 
Royal, 8vo. pp. 580-f-cx. Price 3 guineas. 

Mr. Foster in his preface informs us, that " among the records of national 
interest which remain unpublished and comparatively unknown, the Registers 
of our Inns of Court hold a preeminent position. As early as the clays of Henry 
VI., we are reminded by Sir John Fortescue 'that knights, barons and the 
greatest nobility of the Kingdom often place their children in these Inns of 
Court, not so much to make the laws their study, much less to live by their 
profession, having large patrimonies of their own, but to form their manners.' 
In the Registers of these Inns we consequently find information which else- 
where we seek in vain, relating to families and individuals in every portion of 
the realm ; the fact, moreover, that this information is contained in a legal 
register, invests it with an authority superior to that of the treasured Heralds' 
Visitations, while it enjoys with them the advantage of dealing with the aristo- 
cratic classes. For to quote from Feme's Glory of Generosity (London, 1586) : — 
' Nobleness of blood, joyned with virtue, compteth the person as most meet to 
the enterprizing of any public service; and for that cause it was, not for 
nought, that our ancient Governors in this land, did with a special foresight 
and Wisdom provide that none should be admitted into the Houses of Court, 
being Seminaries, sending forth men apt to the Government of Justice, except 
he were a gentleman of blood.' " 

The Register of Gray's Inn which Mr. Foster has selected for publication, at 
this time, is one of the most valuable registers of the several Inns of Court, 
and the editor has brought it out in a volume in every way worthy of its merits. 
Every precaution has been used to make the transcript an exact copy of the 
original. The Marriages at Gray's Inn Chapel from 1695 to 1754 have been 
added. These Mr. Foster has arranged alphabetically. The Register of Ad- 
missions is printed in chronological order, but a thorough index is given. 

Mr. Foster has rendered an important service to antiquarian and historical 
students, and we hope that he will meet with sufficient encouragement to induce 
him to give us the registers of other Inns in an equally acceptable style. 

Illustrations of Old Ipswich, with Architectural Description of each subject and such 

Historical Notices as illustrate the Manners and Customs of previous ages in the 

Old Borough, helping to form unpublished chapters in its history. By John 

Glyde. Ipswich: Published by John Glyde. 1889. Imperial 4to., pp. 84. 

Half morocco, gilt, cloth sides, gilt top; Price £2. 2s. Five copies, small 

folio, with proof impressions of the plates ; Price £4. 4s. 

This elaborate volume contains much historical matter and twelve beautiful 

illustrations of ancient land-marks in Old Ipswich. Nearly if not all of these 

quaint bridges and buildings have now been destroyed, but within a hundred 

years some of them were still in use, and most of them in existeuce. The Town 

Hall, the Quay and Custom House, the Market Cross, the Shambles, and the 

old mansion known as Sparrowe's House, of which latter we have an interior 

view as well as from the street, are all exceedingly interesting. The history of 



1890.] Booh Notices. 129 

Old Ipswich reaches back into the Saxon period, perhaps to the Roman, and has 
contributed its share to the history of Old England. King John began the gates 
and walls in 1203, and these were relied upon for defence as late as the time of 
the Great Rebellion. In a brief notice we cannot do justice to this admirable 
work, but feel confident that whoever examines this volume, if possessed of any 
appreciation of the past, will realize how important is the contribution made by 
Mr. Glyde to local and national history. 
By George Kuhn Clarke, LL.B., of Needham, Mass. 

Washington adapted for a Crisis ; an address before the Minnesota Commandery 
of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, in the Hall ofthi 
House of Representatives, State Capitol, St. Paul, February 22, 1880. By 
Edward D. Neill, D.D., Late Chaplain First Minnesota Infantry, U. S. 
Vols. St. Paul, Minn. : The Pioneer Press Company. 1889. 8vo. pp. 21. 

Macalester College Contributions. Department of History, Liter* it h r< <* mi Political 
Science, Number One. Virginia Governors under the London Company. By 
EDwaitD D. Neill. St. Paul, Minn. : The Pioneer Press Company. 1889. 
8vo. pp. 35. 

Number Tliree. The Beginning of Organized Society in the Saint 

Croix Valley, Minnesota. By Edward D. Neill, D.I). St. Paul, Minn.: 
The Pioneer Press Company. 1890. 8vo. 18 pages. 

Dr. Neill's address to the Minnesota Commandery of the Loyal Legion is an 
able and timely performance. In it he presents the character of Washington 
as an example for later days. 

The new serial which Dr. Neill has commenced, " Macalester College Contribu- 
tions," promises to be a very useful one, as the titles of the different numbers 
will show. 

The First Folio of the Cambridge Press. Memoranda concerning the Massa- 
chusetts Laws of 1648. By George H. Moore, LL.D., Superintendent of the 
Lenox Library. Codex valde defiendus. New York : Printed for the Author. 
1889. 8vo. pp. 1G. 

Dr. Moore has long been an authority on the Laws of the Colony of Massa- 
chusetts, having spent much time in the study of their history, In the His- 
torical Magazine for February, 1868, will be found an article by him on "The 
Massachusetts Laws of 1G48," in which among other matters he showed that 
Joseph Hills of Maiden was the person to whom was entrusted the carrying 
of these Laws through the press. 

The author in this tract furnishes much new matter about the history of this 
book, of which not a single copy has been found though it has been sought for 
for three quarters of a century. The good fortune of Dr. Moore has enabled 
him to find in a book by Rev. Thomas Thorowgood, published in 1650, entitled 
"Jewes in America," not only the title, " Booke of the Lawes and Liberties 
concerning the Inhabitants of Massachusetts," but numerous extracts from the 
laws themselves. Is it too much to hope that Dr. Moore's persistent efforts may 
ultimately be rewarded by finding a copy of the book itself? 

The Scotch-Irish in America. Proceedings of the Scotch-Irish Congress at Colum- 
bia, Tennessee, May 8-11, 1889. Published by Order of the Scotch-Irish 
Society of America. Cincinnati : Robert Clarke & Co. 1889. 8vo. pp. 210. 
Price $1.50 in cloth, or $1.00 in paper. 

In 1858, the Hon. William Willis, LL.D., contributed to the Register an 
article on the McKinstry family, to which he prefixed a " Preliminary Essay on 
the Scotch-Irish Immigrations to America." This we think was the first essay 
on the general subject. Mr. Parker had, in 1851, in his History of Londonderry, 
N. H., treated of the emigration which led to the settlement of that town. 
Since then much has been printed and written about the Scotch-Irish in this 
country, 

The book before us is claimed to be " the first distinctive work on this great 
race in America." It contains an account of the proceedings at the Congress at 
Columbia, with the addresses and historical papers in full. " This volume is 
the auspicious beginning as an organized effort to give the race its merited 
prominence in history, and as such is attracting wide spread attention." 

VOL. XLIV. 12 



130 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

An Essay on the Autographic Collections of the Signers of the Declaration of 
Independence and of the Constitution. From Vol. Xth, Wisconsin Historical 
Society's Collections, Revised and Enlarged. By Lyman C. Draper, LL.D. 
New York : Burns & Sou, Publishers, 744 Broadway. 1889. Sm. 4to. pp. 117. 

The present volume is the result of Mr. Draper's experience, during many 
years, in making! for the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, a collection 
of the autographs of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence and of 
the Constitution. In making his report to the Society on its set of these 
autographs and the difficulties that had been encountered in completing the 
series, Dr. Draper deemed it appropriate to "introduce the subject with some 
account of the slow but steady growth in this country of this beautiful and 
inspiring employment; and to note, moreover, other collections extant, com- 
plete and incomplete, exhibiting the great labor of bringing them together, and 
instituting, to some extent, a just comparison of their relative strength, historic 
importance and intrinsic value." 

Dr. Draper gives a list of twenty-two complete sets of the Signers of the 
Declaration and nineteen of the Signers of the Constitution. He also gives much 
information concerning autographs and autograph collectors. The book will be 
found quite interesting. A portrait of the author embellishes the volume. 

Notes on Book-Plates (ex-libris), with Special Beference to Lancashire and Cheshire 
Examples and a Proposed Nomenclature for the Shapes of Shields. A paper read 
before the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 18th October, 1888. By 
J. Paul Rylands, F.S.A., of the Middle Temple, Barrister at Law. Printed 
for Private Circulation. 1889. 8vo. pp. 76. 

The paper of Mr. Rylands contains much interesting information on English 
book-plates, and particularly those of Lancashire and Cheshire. The devices 
are often quaint and curious. Some of the specimens most deserving of notice 
are reproduced in facsimile. The history of these plates is also interesting. 

The author's nomenclature for the shape of shields is deserving of particular 
notice, as it clearly distinguishes the different shapes. 

" The collecting of book-plates, or, as they are more expressively termed by 
the French, ex-libris," says Mr. Rylands, "is a pursuit of modern growth ; and 
when I began to form my collection, twenty years ago, the names of English 
collectors might almost have been counted on one's fingers. Of late years, 
however, the number of collectors has greatly increased, and the prices which 
are charged by the dealers have been comparatively advanced. 

Early Voyages to America. Paper read before the Bhode Island Historical 
Society. By James Phinney Baxter, A.M. Providence: Printed for the 
Society. 1889. 8vo. pp. 49. 

Collections of the Old Colony Historical Society, No. 4. Early Voyages to 
America, by James Phinney Baxter, A.M., and other Historical Papers read 
before the Society. Published by the Old Colony Historical Society. Press 
of C. H. Buffington, Taunton, Mass. " 1889. 8vo. pp. 108. 

The first pamphlet, Mr. Baxter's paper on Early Voyages to America, read 
before the Rhode Island Historical Society, March 6, 1888, is a very interesting 
one. It relates to the Voyages of the Northmen to these shores. He thinks 
that they visited New England, though he discards the Old Tower at Newport 
and the Dighton rock as the work of their hands. This we think is the opinion 
of the present members of the Royal Society of Northern Antiquaries. 

The next pamphlet is No. 4 of the Collections of the Old Colony Historical 
Society. The first paper is Mr. Baxter's on Early Voyages to America, which 
was read before this Society, April 10, 1888, a month after the author had read it to 
the Rhode Island Historical Society. There are also papers entitled, Reminis- 
cences of the Ancient Iron Works and Leonard Mansions of Taunton, by Elisha 
Clark Leonard; Indian Massacres at Taunton, by Gen. Ebenezer W. Peirce; 
Reminiscences of Shays's Rebellion, by Capt. John W. D. Hall; King Philip's 
Grant to James Leonard, by E. C. Leonard ; Dighton Writing Rock and" Deed, by 
Capt. J. W. D. Hall; Obituary Record of the Society, and other matters. All 
the papers are valuable. The paper by Mr. Leonard on the Taunton Iron Works 
and Leonard Mansions corrects many errors in previous histories about the 
Leonard mansions. Mr. Leonard discovered evidence a few years ago that a 
building then standing (but since taken down) was the original mansion of 



1890.] Booh Notices. 131 

the Leonards, and that the house of which a view is given in Barber's Historical 
Collections of Massachusetts was not built till after Philip's War. and so could 
not have been the scene of Dr. Fobes's "graphic descriptions of the horrors" 
of that war, 1G75-G. Views of both houses are given in Mr. Leonard's paper. 

Groton Historical Scries; A Collection of Papers relating to the History of the 
Town of Groton, Massachusetts. By Samuel Abbott Green, M.D. Groton. 
1890. 8vo. pp. viii.+471. Edition, L25 copies. Price $5. For sale by 
George E. Littleiield, 67 Cornhill, Boston, Ma--. 

Dr. Green, for many years, has been doing much for his native town, and 
proposes to do still more In the way of preserving and publishing ,i every thing 

of an appropriate character, within his reach, which may interesl and instruct 
the residents " of Groton, "or be of value to students of local history." The 
field, it is true, is an extensive one, but the Doctor is a good reaper, and has an 
intense love for his work. Commendable industry and good judgment are 
shown in bringing together so much here, as elsewhere, that is decidedly inter- 
esting and historically useful to the public In general, as well as to the inhabit- 
ants of his birth-place. 

A notice of the first volume of the scries, consisting of twenty numbers, 
appeared in the REGISTER for October, 1887, with a list of contents, and a 
mention of several historical monographs previously published by Dr. Green. 

The contents of the sixteen numbers of this second series, which completes 
the work to January, 1890, are three-fold and more in number than that of the 
first series, and is supplemented with indexes " to the various headings," in 
both volumes, 

By William B. Trash-. A.M., of Dorchester, Mass. 

The op Dyck Genealogy, containiny the OpdycJc, Opdycke, Opdyke, Updike Ameri- 
can Descendants of the Wesel and Holland Families. By Charles Wilson 
Opdyke. With an Investigation into their Op Den Dyck Awes/or* in En rape. 
By Leonard Eckstein Opdycke. Printed for Charles W. Opdyke, Leonard 
E. Opdycke and William S. Opdyke of New York, L889, by Weed, Parsons 
& Co., Albany, N. Y. Royal 8vo. pp. 499. To be obtained of C. W. Opdyke, 
20 Nassau St.. New York City. 

The Driver Family: a. Genealogical Memoir of the Descendants of Robert and 
Phebe Driver of Lynn, Mass. With an Appendix containing Twenty-Three 

, Allied Families. 1502-1887. Compiled by a Descendant. 11 akijikt Ruth 
(Waters) Cooke. New York : Printed for the Author. L889. 8vo. pp. xxv. 
+531. Price $3. To be purchased of William Waters, 101 Fulton Street, or 
of the Compiler, Mrs. Cooke, 43 East 57th Street, New York City. 

History of the Descendants of John Whitman of Weymouth, Muss. By Charles 
W. Farnham, A.M. New Haven: Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor, Printers. 
1889. 8vo. pp. xv. +1246. Price $5, to be obtained of the author, New 
Haven, Conn. 

The Biennial Reunion of the Keyser Family, 1688-1888. The Keyset Family 
Descendants of Dirck Keyser of Amsterdam. Compiled by Charles S. Keyser, 
Philadelphia. 1889. Super Royal, 8vo. pp. 161. 

Sketch of the Dabneys of Virginia, with some of their Family Records. Collected 
and Arranged by William H. Dabney of Boston. Chicago : Press of S. D. 
Childs & Co. 1888. Royal 8vo. pp. 197+9. 

Genealogy of Descendants of Thomas Hale of Watton, England, and JSTevibury, 
Mass. By the late Robert Safford Hale, LL.D. With additions by other 
Members of the Family. Edited by Geerge R. Howell, M.A. Albany, N. Y. : 
Weed, Parsons & Company, Printers. 1889. 8vo. pp. xii.+415. 

Filial Tribute to the Memory of Rev. John Moffat Howe, M.D. 1889. 8vo. pp. 254. 

A Complete History and Genealogy of the Littlehale Family in America from 1633 
to 1889. Collated and Compiled by Frederick H. Littlehale of Boston, 
Mass. Boston, Mass. : Published by A. W. & F. H. Littlehale. David Clapp 
& Son, Printers. 1889. 8vo. pp. vi.+128. 

The Family of John Perkins of Ipswich, Mass. Part III. Descendants of Ser- 
geant Jacob Perkins. By George A. Perkins, M.D., Member New England 
Historic Genealogical Society. Salem : Printed for the Author. 8vo. pp. 173. 

A Genealogy of the Descendants of James Dean, one of the First Settlers of Oakham, 
Mass. By Gardner Milton Dean. Boston : Press of T. W. Ripiey. 1889. 
Super Royal, 8vo. pp. 19. 



132 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

Memorials of the Family of Morse. Compiled from the Original Records for the 
Hon. Asa Porter Morse, by Henry Dutch Lord. For Private Distribution 
Only. Boston : Printed for the Compiler, by E. P. Whitcomb. 1889. 8vo. 
pp. 116. 

Genealogy of the Farnham Family. By Rev. J. M. W. Farnham, D.D., Author 
of "Homeward" &c. Second Edition, with Supplement. New York: The 
Baker & Taylor Co. 1889. 12mo. pp. 50. 

Genealogy of the Family of Harvey of Folkslone, co. Kent; London; Hackney and 
Twickenham, co. Middlesex; Croyden, Putnam and Kingston, co. Surrey; 
Hempstead, Chigwell and Barking, co. Essex; Clifton and Wike, co. Dorset, 
etc. Compiled from Original Sources, with Notes by William J. Harvey, 
Esq., F.S.A. Scot., Member of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne, etc. etc. London: Mitchell & Hughes, 140 Wardour Street, W. 
1889. 4to. pp. 18. 

A Genealogy of Some of the Descendants of William Sawyer of Nevjbury, Mass., 
embracing Ten Generations and one Hundred and Seven Families. By 
Nathaniel Sawyer of Cincinnati, Ohio, and Joseph Burbeen Walker of 
Concord, N. H. Manchester, N. H. : Printed by William H. Moore. 1889. 
8vo. pp. 47+xii. 

Genealogy of the Emery Family. Four Generations. By Rufus Emery. Emery 
Cleaves, Salem, Mass. 8vo. pp. 22. 

The Ancestors of Silas Tinker in America from 1637. A Partial Becord, pre- 
pared by A. B. Tinker of Akron, and read at the annual reunion of the 
Descendants of Silas Tinker at Ashtabula, Ohio, August 15, 1889. The 
Werner Printing & Lithog. Co., Akron, Ohio. 8vo. pp. 11. 

The Groves and Lappan ( Monaghan County, Ireland). An account of a Pilgrim- 
age thither in search of the Genealogy of the Williams Family. By John 
Fletcher Williams, secretary of the Minnesota Historical Society. Privately 
Printed for the Family. St. Paul. 1889. 8vo. pp. 68. 

The Ancestry of Edward Bawson, Secretary of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay. 
With some Account of his Life in Old and New England. By Ellery Bicknell 
Crane. Worcester, Mass. ; Private Press of Franklin P. Rice. 1887. 8vo. 
pp. 54. 

The Franklin Ancestry and Descendants in the Col. Lewis Bache (1779) Line to 
1889. Interspersed with Historico-Genealogical Events. An Appendix added. 
8vo. pp. 8. 1889. 

Genealogy of Bichard Baker, born in England, died in Dorchester, Mass., October. 
25, 1689. Compiled by Edmund J. Baker, President of the Dorchester 
Antiquarian and Historical Society. Boston: David Clapp & Son. 1889. 
8vo. pp. 40. 

An Examination of the English Ancestry of George Washington, setting forth the 
Evidence to connect him with the Washingtons of Sulgrave and Brington, By 
Henry F. Waters, A.M. Boston : Printed for the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society. 1889. 8vo. pp. 53. Price 50 cts. 

Some of the Descendants of Philip Towle of Hampton, N. H. By Mrs. A. E. T. 
Lindsay of Tenafly, N. J. 8vo. pp. 8. 

Extracts from English Parish Begisters relating to King and Haines Families. 
By Rufus King. 8vo. pp. 4. 1889. 

We continue our quarterly notices of genealogical publications. 

The first book on our list is the op Dyck Genealogy, containing an extensive 
record of the American families of Opdyck, Opdycke, Opdyke and Updike, with an 
account of their European ancestry. The name is found as early as the thirteenth 
century, and many interesting facts relative to those who bore it have been collected. 
The book is one that the compilers and the family may well be proud of. It plainly 
shows that great labor has been bestowed in collecting the materials and much judg- 
ment in their arrangement. The illustrations of the book deserve a particular notice. 
The facsimiles of historical documents connected with the family are both curious 
and valuable. There are also views of places and buildings in Europe and this 
country, and numerous portraits. The book is handsomely printed and is well 
indexed. 

The next book devoted to the "Times and Generations of the Driver Family" is a 
highly interesting work. As half of the volume is devoted to other families which 
are allied with the Drivers, it will interest a vast number of persons, and in widely 
scattered parts of our country. Mrs. Cooke has been indefatigable in collecting 



1890.] Booh Notices. 133 

materials for her book ; and her arrangement of the matter is both judicious and clear. 
The names of many eminent persons who are descended from the Driver family or 
from families allied to it, are found in this book. The work is a storehouse of infor- 
mation on New England genealogy. The book is interesting and valuable to English 
persons of the name as well as to Americans. It should be in every public library. 
The book is handsomely printed and bound. 

The Whitman genealogy is a bulky volume of over 1250 octavo pages. The 
authors seem to have been very successful in tracing the descendants of John Whit- 
man, an early settler of Weymouth, Massachusetts. The only genealogy of this 
family before this was the thin octavo of forty-four pages, by Judge Whitman, 
published in 1832. A glance at this volume will show the vast additions made by the 
present compiler. The indexes are very full and fill 184 pages. The book is well 
printed and bound. 

The volume on the Keyser Family contains a full report of the proceedings at the bi- 
centennial reunion of that family at Germantown, Pa., October 10, 1888, to which is 
added a genealogy of the family. Divck Keyser of Amsterdam, the progenitor, settled 
at Germantown in 1688. The addresses and papers read at the reunion are of high 
merit, and are illustrated by portraits and other engravings. The book makes an 
elegant volume. 

The volume on the Dabneys relates to the Virginia family of that name. The 
author, Mr. William II. Dabney, of Boston, died Feb. 16, 1888, in his seventy- first 
year, while he was giving this book a final revision before placing it in the hands of 
the printer. Mr. Dabney states that before preparing this record of the Virginia 
family he had compiled a genealogy of the Massachusetts Dabneys, from which he him- 
self was descended. This we presume has never been printed. The Virginia Dabneys 
are traced to two Hugnenot brothers, John and Cornelius d'Aubigne or D'Aubigny, 
who settled in Virginia early in the last century. The Massachusetts Dabneys are 
descended from Robert D'Aubigne or Dabney, who settled at Boston about the same 
time that the Virginia immigrants, supposed to be brothers of Robert, settled there. 
The book is well compiled and handsomely printed. A memoir of the author by his 
daughter and a portrait of him are prefixed to the volume. 

The Hon. Robert S. Hale, LL.D., of Elizabethtown, N. Y., who died Dec. 14, 1881, 
had been engaged for several years in preparing a genealogy of the Hale family. In 
January, 1877, he published in the Register (vol. 31, pp. 83-99) an article entitled 
"Thomas Hale, the Glover, of Newbury, Mass., 1635, and his Descendants." A 
second article by him on "Thomas Hale" appeared in the October Register, a few 
months before his death, giving the result of researches in England. The book has 
been edited by George R. Howell, A.M., of the State library, Albany, who has perform- 
ed his duty ably and thoroughly. Mr. Howell states that, " As the manuscripts of 
Mr. Hale were found to contain a vast amount of information outside of a mere 
genealogical record, it was deemed best to give to the world the total results of his 
labors, and in the form he left them." The book is well arranged and makes a hand- 
gome volume. 

The Howe book is a memorial of the Rev. John Moffat Howe, M.D., who died at 

Passaic, N. J., Feb. 5, 1885, in his eightieth year, written by his brother-in-law, Rev. 

John M. Reid, D.D. Incorporated with it are some interesting genealogical and 

'historical facts collected by George R. Howe of Newark, N. J., a son of the late Rev. 

Dr. Howe. 

The next book, that on the Littlehale family, is devoted to the descendants of 
Richard Littlehale, an early settler of Newbury and Haverhill, Mass. The author 
has been very successful in tracing the descendants of his emigrant ancestor, and he 
expresses the belief that there are no Littlehales in this country whose records are 
not contained in this book. The chances are that though others will be found, very 
few have escaped the persistent research of Mr. Littlehale. The book is well com- 
piled, handsomely printed and well indexed. Portraits and other illustrations 
embellish the volume. 

The book on the Perkins family is the third and concluding part of Dr. George A. 
Perkins's work on " The Family of John Perkins of Ipswich." The first part, devoted 
to the descendants of Quarter Master John Perkins, the eldest son, was published in 
1882, and was noticed in this periodical for October, 1884 ; the second part, contain- 
ing the descendants of Thomas Perkins, published in 1887, was noticed by us in April, 
1887. The present volume is devoted to the descendants of the youngest son, Jacob. 
Like the preceeding parts, this is deserving of much praise for the thorough manner in 
which it is compiled. It has a good index. 



134 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

The next volume is devoted to the descendants of James Dean, who settled at 
Oakham, Mass., in the middle of the last century. Genealogies of the early genera- 
tions of several families by the name of Dean have been printed in the Register, 
but no connection is made with any of these. The book is well arranged and hand- 
somely printed. 

The book on the Morse family is by Mr. Henry Dutch Lord of Boston, an experi- 
enced and faithful genealogist. He has compiled this work for the Hon. Asa P. Morse 
of Cambridgeport, a descendant of Anthony Morse an early settler of Newbury, Mass. 
A genealogy of Anthony's descendants, the line of Mr. Morse, is given. Notices of 
other emigrants by the name of Morse and their families are given. The book is well 
printed. 

The Farnham book is a second edition of the work on that family, published in 
1886, and noticed by us in January, 1887. The author is a resident of Shanghai, 
China, where he has long been a missionary. Not withstan ding the author's residence 
in a distant land from the people whose record he gives, he has compiled a very satis- 
factory work. He dedicates it to our Society. It makes a handsome volume. 

The Harvey family, to which the next work is devoted, is descended from Thomas 
Harvey of Folkestone, co. Kent, who was Mayor of that town in 1600. Very full 
and interesting details of his descendants have been obtained, which are given us in 
the form of tabular pedigrees. An appendix of notes supplies information which 
eould not be conveniently given in the pedigree. Numerous facsimiles illustrate the 
work. Only fifty copies have been printed, for private circulation. 

The earlier portion of the Sawyer genealogy was prepared by the late Hon. Nathaniel 
Sawyer a few years before his death in 1853. Mr. Walker of Concord, N. H., has 
completed the work and carried it through the press. An article by Wm. S. Appleton, 
A.M., giving the early generations of this family, was printed in the Register for 
April, 1874. 

The Emery pamphlet traces four generations of descendants of the brothers, John 
Emery of Newbury, Muss., and Anthony Emery of Kittery, Maine. This useful work 
was prepared under the direction of the genealogical committee of the Emery Associa- 
tion, of which Rev. Rufus Emery of Newburgh, N. Y., is chairman. 

The Tinker pamphlet is devoted to the ancestor of Silas Tinker, who was of the 5th 
generation in descent from Mr. John Tinker, who came to New England in the 
seventeenth century and settled at Boston, whence he removed to Lancaster, Mass., 
and finally to New London, Ct. He died in October, 1662. The record of his 
descendants in one line to Silas Tinker is quite full. Silas was born at Lyme, Ct., 
and settled at Kingsville, Ohio, where he died in 1840, in his ninety- second year. 

The Williams pamphlet gives an account of a pilgrimage by John F. Williams, 
the able secretary of the Minnesota Historical Society, to the Groves, Monaghan 
County, Ireland, the seat of his ancestor John Williams, a native of Glamorganshire, 
Wales. Interesting descriptions, illustrated by engravings, are given. Appended 
is a genealogy of the descendants of this John Williams, who was born about 1600, 
William Williams of the fifth generation emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1784. The 
book will interest the general reader as well as the genealogist. 

The pamphlet on the Ancestry of Edward Rawson will interest the many persons 
who trace their pedigree to the famous secretary of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay. 
In the Register for July, 1884, Mr. Waters has printed many Gleanings concerning 
the families of Edward Rawson and his uncle Rev. John Wilson. Mr. Crane has 
instituted other researches in England, and in the work before us gives us much 
valuable information about the English Rawsons. Pedigrees tracing the name back 
to Robert Rawson of Freystone, Yorkshire, living in 1377, are given. The ancestry of 
Secretary Rawson can only be traced to his grandfather Edward of Colnbrook, Bucks. 
We hope that Mr. Crane will continue his praiseworthy researches till he discovers 
the connecting link. 

The Franklin pamphlet is by Mr. William Bache of Bristol, Pa., who communicated 
to the Register for January, 1857 (pp. 17-20), a valuable article on the Franklin 
family. The present work is quite interesting and valuable. 

The Baker pamphlet is a reprint from the Register for July last, with the genealogy 
continued to the present time. It has also valuable historical and genealogical 
appendices. It is well prepared and well printed. 

The pamphlet on "The Ancestry of Washington" is a reprint from Mr. Waters's 
Gleanings in the Ri;oisTERfor October last. The present (January) number contains 
some new Washington matter. 

The Towle pamphlet and that on the King and Haines families arc also reprints 
from the Register. 



1890.] Recent Publications. 135 

RECENT PUBLICATIONS. 

Presented to the New England Historic Genealogical Society to Dec. 1889. 

Prepared by Mr. Thomas F. Millett, Assistant Librarian. 

I. Publications written or edited by Members of the Society. 

Genealogy of descendants of Thomas Hale of Watton, England, and of Newbury, 
Mass. By the late Robert Safford Hale, LL.D., with additions by other members of 
the family. Edited by George R. Howell, M.A. Albany, N. Y. : Weed, Parsons & 
Co., printers. 1889. 8vo. pp. 415. 

Ancestry of Edward Rawson, Secretary of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, with 
some Account of His Life in Old and New England. By Ellery Bieknell Crane. 
Worcester, Mass.: Press of Franklin P. Rice. 1887. 

Genealogy of Richard Baker, born in England ; died in Dorchester, Mass., October 
25, 1689. Compiled by Edmund J. Baker. Boston : David Clapp & Son, Printers, 
115 High Street. 1889. 8vo. pp. 40. 

The Groves, and Lappan, Monaghan County, Ireland. An account of a pilgrimage 
thither in search of the Genealogy of the Williams Family. By John Fletcher 
Williams. Privately printed, Saint Paul, Minn. 1889. 8vo. pp. 68. 

The Franklin Ancestry and Descendants in the Colonel Louis Bache (1779) 
Line to 1889. Interspersed with Historico- Genealogical Events, and Appendix 
added. 1889. 8vo. pp. 8. By William Bache. 

Groton Historical Series, Vol. II., Nos. 14, 15, and 16. Dr. S. A. Green, Editor, 
Groton, Mass. 1889. 8vo. 

Documentary History of the State of Maine, Vol. IV. Containing The Baxter 
Manuscripts. Edited by James Phinney Baxter, A.M. Published by the Maine 
Historical Society, aided by appropriations from the State. Portland : Brown, 
Thurston & Co. 1889. 8vo. pp. 506. 

Capt. Francis Champemowne, The Dutch Conquest of Acadie and other Historical 
Papers. By Charles Wesley Tuttle, Esq., Ph.D. Edited by Albert Harrison Hoyt, 
A.M., with Historical Notes. With a Memoir of the Author by John Ward Dean, 
A.M. Boston : Printed by John Wilson & Son, University Press. 1889. Crown 
4to. pp. 426. 

The Family of John Perkins of Ipswich, Mass. Part III. Descendants of Sergeant 
Jacob Perkins. By Geo. A. Perkins, M.D. Salem : Salem Press Publishing & Print- 
ing Co. 1889. 8vo. pp. 173. 

1640-1889. A Genealogy of Some of the Descendants of William Sawyer of New- 
bury, Mass. Embracing ten generations and one hundred and seven families. By 
Nathaniel Sawyer of Cincinnati, Ohio, and Joseph Burbeen Walker of Concord, N. H. 
Manchester, N. H. : Printed by William E. Moore. 1889. 8vo. pp. 59. 

Memoranda concerning the Massachusetts Laws of 1648. By George H. Moore, 
LL.D., Superintendent of the Lenox Library. New York: Printed for the Author. 
1889. 8vo. pp. 16. 

Memoir of John C. Phillips. By Rev. Edward G. Porter ; with the remarks of Hon. 
Robert C. Winthrop, and other tributes. Privately printed. Cambridge : John 
Wilson & Son, University Press. 1888. 8vo. pp. 12. 

Biographical Sketch of General Charles W. Darling, from Encyclopaedia of Con- 
temporay Biography of New York. Vol. VI. Atlantic Publishing and Engraving 
Co., New York. 1890. Crown 4to. pp. 6. 

An Examination of the English Ancestry of George Washington. Setting forth 
the evidence to connect him with the Washingtons of Sulgrave and Brington. By 
Henry F. Waters, A.M. Reprinted from the N.E. Historic and Genealogical Register 
for October, 1889. Boston : Printed for the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society. 1889. 8vo. pp. 53. 

The Ordinance of 1787. By Frederick D. Stone, Librarian of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia. 1889. 8vo.pp. 34. 

II. Other Publications. 

Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society. 1887-1889. Second Series, 
Vol. IV. Boston : Published by the Society. 8vo. pp. 461. 

Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society at the Semi- Annual Meeting 
held in Boston, April 24, 1889. Vol. VI. New Series, Part I. Worcester, Mass. : 
Press of Charles Hamilton, 311 Main St. 1889. 8vo. pp. 90. 



136 



Deaths. 



[Jan. 



Essex Institute Historical Collections, April, May and June, 1888. Vol. XXV. 
Salem, Mass.: Printed for the Essex Institute. 1889. 8vo. pp. 164. 

A Tribute to the Memory of Charles Deane, by the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, at a special Meeting, Dec. 3, 1889. Boston: Published by the Society. 1889. 
8vo. pp. 31. 

Contributions of the Old Residents Historical Association, Lowell, Mass. Vol. 
IV. No. 2. Published by the Association, August, 1889. Lowell, Mass.: Morning 
Mail Print, No. 18 Jackson St. 1889. 8vo. pp. 191. 

Letters by Josiah Bartlett, "William "Whipple, and others. Written before and 
during the Revolution. Philadelphia: Press of Henry B.Ashmead. 1889. 8vo.pp. 71. 

York Deeds, Books V. and VI. Edited by William M. Sargent, A.M. Portland: 
Brown, Thurston & Co. 1889. Svo.pp. 130. 

The History of a Rare Washington Print. A paper read before the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania May 6, 1889. By William S. Baker. Philadelphia. 1889. 
8vo. pp. 10. 



DEATHS. 



Mr. John Phillips Payson died at Chelsea, 
Mass., October 13, 1889, aged 74. He 
was a son of John Phillips Payson, and 
was born in Brentwood, N. H., April 
18, 1815. He was a descendant in the 
7th generation from Edward 1 Payson, 
an early settler of Dorchester, Mass., 
through John, 2 Jonathan, 3 John, 4 
Thomas,* and John Phillips 6 Payson his 
father. In 1840 he began teaching a 
public school at Exeter, N. H., and 
continued there about two years. He 
then taught in Hampton Falls and 
Newmarket till the winter of 1844, 
when he removed to Portsmouth, N. H., 
and taught the Eranklin and Bartlett 
Schools till September, 1869. He then 
removed to Chelsea, Mass., where for 
twenty- five years he was head master 
of the Williams School for Boys. He 
retired about four years before his death. 
He was the author of several educational 
publications. He married October 26, 
1836, Sarah Jane, daughter of Samuel 
and Jane M. (Dean) Webster (see 
Register, vol. 37, p. 294). He com- 
piled a genealogy of the Payson family 
which he left in manuscript. He was 
an active member of the Congregational 
Church at Chelsea. He was also promi- 
nent in the Masonic and Odd Fellow 
circles. 

Mrs. Sarah Chaplin Rock wood died at 
Cortland, Cortland County, New York, 
on November 26, 1 889, at the remarkable 
age of 104 years. She was a daughter 
of the Reverend Daniel and Susanna 
(Prescott) Chaplin, and born at Groton, 
Mass., on November 8, 1785. She was 
married on May 1, 1828, to Abel, son of 
Samuel and Lucy (Hubbard )Rockwood, 
of Groton, who died on November 28 of 
the same year. Mrs. Rockwood's father 
was the last minister of Groton, who 



was settled by the town ; and her mother 
was a daughter of the Honorable James 
Prescott, and a niece of Colonel William 
Prescott, who commanded the American 
forces at the Battle of Bunker Hill. She 
was buried at Cortland on November 
29, and her funeral was attended by a 
large number of friends. s. a. g. 



Mrs. Mary Goodhue Sanderson, wife of 
John Flagg Sanderson, died of consump- 
tion, at Littleton, Mass., January 31, 
1889. She was born at Pembroke, 
N. H., Feb. 17, 1837, and was the only 
daughter of Col. Hiram and Deborah 
Collins (Goodhue) Knox, married at 
Suncook, N. H., by Rev. Geo. S. Barnes 
(Methodist), August 10, 1858. During 
their early married life they lived in 
Littleton, but soon after the birth of 
their first child, removed to Groton, 
where they resided until after the birth 
of their two other children, when they 
went to Marlborough, where they re- 
sided until May 1, 1884, since which 
time they lived in Littleton on the 
birthplace of her husband. She made 
no profession of religion, but was do- 
mestic in her tastes ; her health being 
delicate for several years, she was al- 
most constantly with her family, where 
her influence for good was always felt. 
Her two brothers William and Samuel, 
both living in Wisconsin, survive her. 
She left three children, viz. : Jessie 
Asenath, born in Littleton, June 19, 
1860, married to Frank J. Hagar, of 
Littleton May 4, 1887 ; Ida Leavitt, 
born in Groton, July 23, 1862, married 
at Littleton, August 12, 1885, to John 
J. Kelley, Avho died at Longmont, Colo- 
rado, of consumption, February 5, 1888 ; 
John Knox Sanderson, born at Groton, 
August 23, 1865. i. l. s. 



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From the late Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph. D., LjL.D., of Boston. — "No other work is 
so rich in materials which give an insight into the history of the people of New England, 
their manners, customs and mode of living in bygone days." 

From the late Col. Joseph L. Chester, LL.D., D. C. L., of London, England. — "To 
me the work, of which I possess a complete set, is invaluable. I consult it constantly, not 
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From the Lion. J. Hammond Trumbull, LL.D. Hartford, Conn., Pres 't of the Conn. 
Hist. Soc. — "Almost every week I find occasion to search the indexes for historical or 
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Society. — " There is scarcely a work in the library of a historical reader which could not 
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From Harper's Magazine. — "It is an admirable repository of those family facts and 
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From Notes and Queries (London). — "Many of the papers are as interesting and im- 
portant to English as to American readers, as they contain valuable details respecting 
several Anglo-American families probably not to be obtained elsewhere." 

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having a value, for permanent preservation, greater than the subscription price." 

From the Danville ( Va.) Times. — "Its pages are a continued conservatory of original 
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manners, customs, and traits of our forefathers, thereby furnishing a key to our national 

progress." 

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y Salem Press Publishing and Printing Co. 

INCORPORATED UNDER THE LAWS OF MASSACHUSETTS, 1889. 

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OF SAl.EM. BOX 2713, BOSTON 



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lers, F. W. Putnam & Co., for fine Historical and Scientific work. 

Ve keep on hand a variety of specimen blanks, useful to genealogists, 
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GEO. A. BATES, Gen. Manager, 
SA.LEIVI, MASS. 

ew York Genealogical and 
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* ^_ 

_ _ __ 



THE 



NEW-ENGLAND 



Historical and Genealogical 



REGISTER. 






N° CLXXIV. 

VOL. XLIV. — APRIL, 1890. 



IN MEMORIAM MAJORUM. 



PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE 
NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 



BOSTON : 
THE SOCIETY'S HOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STREET. 

DAVID CLAPP & SON", PRINTERS. 
115 High Street. 

TERMS $3 A TEAR, EN ADVANCE. 



Publishing Committee. 

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FRANK E. BRADISH, A.B. 



EDITOR. 
JOHN WARD DP:AN, A.M. 



CONTENTS — APRIL, 1890. 



*** Illustration: 

Portrait of SAMUEL TURELL ARMSTRONG (to face page 137). 

I. Hon. Samuel Turell Armstrong. By John Ward Dean, A.M. , . . 13? 

II. Memory nda by the Hon. Samuel T. Armstrong. Communicated by Hamilton 

Andrews Hill, A.M. 139 

III. Soldiers in King Philip's War. No. XXIX. By the Rev. George M. 

Bodge, A.M 141 

IV. Inscriptions at Danvers, Mass. Copied by Samuel P. Fowler, Esq. . . 147 

V. Simon Ferdinando and John Walker in Maine, 1579-80. By the Rev. B. F. 

DeCosta, D.D. 149 

VI. Col. John Jones and his Ancestry. By Amos Perry, LL.D. .... 158 
VII. Mary Watkins : A Discolored History of Witchcraft cleansed by 

Modern Research. By Walter K. Watkins, Esq 168 

VIII. Ethan Allen's Language at Ticonderoga. By William C. Todd, A.M. . 171 
IX. Letters of Actors in the Revolutionary War. Com. by John S. H. Fogg, 

M.D .172 

X. Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and Others. {Continued.) Com. by 

William B. Trask, A.M. 17« 

XI. Rev. Nicholas Street and his Descendants. By Henry A. Street, Esq. . 18c 

XII. Genealogical Gleanings in England. {Continued.) Perm, Washington, etc. 

By Henry F. Waters, A.M 18( 

XIII. Journal of Capt. Nathaniel Knight, Sr. Com. by Charles Ira Bushnell, Esq. 20 

XIV. Petition of the Inhabitants on the Kennebec River, in 1755, for Pro- 

tection. Com. by William B. Trask, A.M 20 

XV. Notes and Queries : 

Notes.— Wells, 208; Adams, 209; Robert Williams of Roxbury, 211. 

Queries. — Baker-Cunningham-Ford-Hawkes-Lamson- Putnam -Sloan, 212; 
Hitchcock, 213; Addresses wanted; Full names wanted; Holmes; Wright; 
Salter, 214; Henchman; Waldron; Williams, 215. 

Reply. — Andre Fry, 215. 

Historical Intelligence. — The American Folk-Lore Society; Genealogies in 

Preparation, 215 208-21 

XVI. Societies and their Proceedings : 

New-England Historic Genealogical Society, 216 ; New Haven Colony Historical 
Society ; Rhode Island Historical Society, 218 ; Historical Society of Wisconsin ; 
Kansas Historical Society, 219 " . 216-22 

XVII. Necrology of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society: 

Hon. Horace Fairbanks, 221 ; Abraham T. Lowe, M.D., 222 . . . 221-22 

XVIII. Book Notices 223-2S 

XIX. Recent Publications 231-21: 

XX. Death 2, 



New-England Historic Genealogical Society. — The regular meetings of this institutio 
are held at the Society's House, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, Massachusetts, on the fir> 
Wednesday of every month, except July, August and September, at half past 3 o'clock, PA 

The Library is open daily from 9 o'clock, A.M., to 5 o'clock, P.M., except Saturday 
when it is closed at 2 o'clock, P.M. 

$ft* pnv-iSnglmul notorial iu\A (Scnalcujiat leister, 

Designed to gather up and place in a permanent form the scattered and deca^ying records of tB 
domestic, civil, literary, religious ami political life of the people of the United States, and partici! 
larly of New-England, is published quarterly by the New-England Historic Genealogical Society 
n, on the first day of January, April, July and October, at $3 a year in advance, or 75 ct 
a number. Each number contains not less than 96 octavo pages, with a portrait on steel. Addres 
John Ward Dean, Editor, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, Mass. 



WANTED— N. E. His. and Gen. Register— Vol. V., Nos. 1, 2, 3; Vol. VI., Nos. 1,4; Vol. VII] 
No. 2; Vol. IX., No. 3; Vol. XIII., Nos. 2, 3, 4; Vol. XVII., Nos. 1, 2, 3; Vol. XVIII., No. 
Vol. XXXVIII., No. !j; Vol. XXXIX., No. 2; Vols. XVI. and XXXIII. I have Vol. XIX. fY 
exchange. Address, stating price, R. II. Greene, 10 E 47th St., New York City. 

O* Entered at the Post-Oilice at Boston, Massachusetts, as second-class mail-matter. 








^7^Z^2S^JG. 



.;<////,/ Governor of ' JlfassacfousetZs 



THE 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL 

REGISTER. 



APRIL, 1890. 



HON. SAMUEL TURELL ARMSTRONG. 

MR. ARMSTRONG was an early member of the New-England 
Historic Genealogical Society, of which his kinsman, Charles 
Ewer, Esq., was the first president and one of the founders. He 
took much interest in the prosperity of the Society and was active 
in its affairs. We have been told that one of his last business trans- 
actions was for this Society on the day of his death, acting as a com- 
mittee on the affairs of the New-England Historical and Gene- 
alogical Register. We are therefore pleased to be able to present 
to the readers of the Register some genealogical memoranda by 
him, and to accompany them by a portrait and a sketch of his life. 

Samuel Turell Armstrong was a son of Capt. John Armstrong, of 
Dorchester, and his wife Elizabeth Williams, and was born in that 
town April 29, 1784. When he was ten years old he lost his father, 
and before he had reached the age of thirteen his mother died. He 
was placed as an apprentice with Messrs. Manning and Loring, 
printers in Spring Lane, Boston, who during his apprenticeship 
added bookselling to the printing business and opened a store at 
No. 2 Cornhill, the second door north of Spring Lane on what is 
now Washington Street. The late Hon. Joseph T. Buckingham, 
who worked for them as a journeyman in 1800, says they "were 
then the principal book-printers in the town."* 

After finishing his apprenticeship, he opened a printing office at 
No. 70 State Street, in partnership with Mr. Joshua Belcher, under 
the firm of Belcher & Armstrong. This partnership was dissolved 
in a few years, and Mr. Armstrong set up a printing office in Charles- 
town. Here he began the publication of the JPanopltst, "a monthly 
magazine devoted to religious subjects and particularly to the promo- 
tion of missionary enterprise." 

He removed to Boston in 1811, and "began as publisher and 
bookseller a career of remarkable prosperity." He still carried on 

* Buckingham's Personal Memoirs, vol. i. p. 30. 
VOL. XLIV. 12A 



138 Samuel Turell Armstrong. [April, 

the printing business.* His bookstore was at No. 90 Cornhill. 
When, in 1824, Cornhill became a part of Washington Street, the 
number of his store was 49. It was situated between Court Street 
and the present Cornhill. " In addition to the Panojolist, numerous 
works, original or republished, in advocacy of the old faith of New 
England, made his store the great mart of religious literature for the 
Orthodox churches."f 

The year of his removal to Boston he took two apprentices, Uriel 
Crocker and Osmyn Brewster. J Soon after they attained their 
majority, in the year 1818, Mr. Armstrong took them into partner- 
ship. The bookselling business was carried on under Mr. Arm- 
strong's name, and the printing under the firm of Crocker & 
Brewster. In 1825, he sold out his interest to his partners, but 
" Mr. Armstrong was more or less connected in business with the 
firm of Crocker & Brewster until 1840, and his almost daily visits 
to the old counting-room continued to the very day of his death. "§ 

Mr. Armstrong joined the Old South Church, Boston, December 
24, 1815 ; and was chosen a deacon May 18, 1829, which office he 
held till his death. He served on various committees and was a 
zealous promoter of the interest of the church and society. He was 
at one time superintendent of the Sunday School. 

He was a member of Warren Phalanx, a military company in 
Charlestown . In 1 8 1 2 he held the office of ensign , Thomas Edmands , 
Jr., being captain. He was an officer of the company during the 
whole period of the war of 1812. In 1815 he held a commission as 
its captain. He was also a member of the Massachusetts Charitable 
Mechanic Association, of which he was a trustee, 1822 to 1824, 
and president in 1828 and 1829. On the 17th of April, 1845, 
he was admitted a resident member of the New-England Historic 
Genealogical Society. 

He was a representative to the General Court from May, 1822, to 
May, 1823, and from May, 1828, to May, 1829; and a senator 
from January, 1839, to January, 1840. He held the office of 
Lieutenant Governor from January, 1833, to January, 1836. The 
last ten months of his service he was the acting Governor of the 
State, Gov. John Davis, who was chosen United States Senator, 
having resigned the office of Governor, March 1, 1835. On his 
retirement from the executive chair of Massachusetts, he was chosen 
Mayor of Boston and held the office for the year 1836. 

He married, in 1812, Abigail, daughter of the Hon. Timothy 
Walker of Charlestown. They had no children. He died March 
26, 1850, in his 66th year. His widow, who was born January 3, 
1794, survived him, and died at Boston March 8, 1882. 

Mr. Armstrong wrote, a few years before his death, a very full 

* Crocker's Memoir of Armstrong, Memorial Biographies, vol. i. pp. 232-36. 
f Crocker's Memoir of Armstrong, 
t Sec RbGISTEB, vol. 42, p. 320. 

I Crocker's Memoir of Armstrong. 



1890.] Samuel Turell Armstrong. 139 

autobiography, which his widow found after his death and showed 
to Mr. Crocker. When she died Mr. Crocker caused a search to be 
made, but the manuscript could not then be found. 

The Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association passed the 
following resolutions on his death : 

We revere his memory for that integrity of purpose which distinguished 
him as well in his private relations as in his public official character, and 
for that practical wisdom and steady industry which rendered him an 
efficient man in all his undertakings, and enabled him to fill with so much 
credit the honorable duties of friend, associate and citizen. 

A full memoir of Mr. Armstrong, written by Uriel Crocker, 
A.M., whose long association with him as his apprentice, partner 
and friend, enabled him to do justice to his character, has been 
published by the Society in the first volume of its Memorial Biog- 
raphies. 



Memoranda by Hon. Samuel Turell Armstrong. 

Communicated by Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M. 

In 1630 with Sir R. Saltoustall, came Mr. William Golbron or Colburne, 
died 1662. (Will 1662.) 

Margery Colburne his wife. W. C. was a deacon in first church in 
Winthrop.* 

Mary Colburne, Daughter, married John Barrell and had children. A 
daughter Hannah or Anna married Daniel Turell, Junior. M. C. became 
a widow and married after John Barrell's death Daniel Turell (will 1693), 
blacksmith. They had : 

1. Samuel Turell ; was by first wife. 

2. Joseph Turell. 

3. Colbron Turell; died in the wars. 

4. Lydia Turell. 
D. T. died 1693. 

Lydia m. Foster and died leaving 2 daughters, Sarah and Lydia. 

Samuel Turell married Lydia Stoddard, d. of Anthony Stoddard. 1738 
died (will 1738). 

1. Lydia, m. Thayer. 

2. Christian, m. S. Bass. 

3. Ebenezer Turell of Medford. 

4. Joseph. 

Christian Turell married Samuel Bass ; they had several children. (Will 
1762.) V 

1. Samuel. 2. Daniel. 3. Mary. 4. Christian. 
Christian Bass married John Armstrong ; died 1805. They had several 
children : 

John, Samuel, Ebenezer, Rebecca, Mary, Nancy. 
John Armstrong married Elizabeth Williams of Dorchester; died 1794. 
Rebecca, Nancy, Samuel Turell, John W., Elizabeth and William. 

* Mr. Armstrong means that William Colbron was a deacon of the First Church, 
Boston, according to a statement in Gov. Winthrop's Journal. See Winthrop's New Ens- 
land, vol. i. p. 37. ib 



140 Samuel Turell Armstrong. [April, 

My father John Armstrong, died Wednesday, Nov. 20, 1794, aged 46 
years. On May 3, 1789, was admitted to the South Church, being 41 
years old. 



[Christian Bass joined the Old South Church, Nov. 8, 1741. 
Samuel, of John and Christian Armstrong, baptized at the Old South, 
June 1, 1760. 

Rebecca Armstrong — Thomas — joined the Old South, April 3, 1796.] 



Daniel Turell had a son and two daughters, 

Samuel Turell, who had a son and daughters, Lydia Foster wife of Jno. 
Foster. 

Eben r Turell, minister of Medford. Christian Bass. 

Lydia Turell m. Jno. Foster and had two daughters ; one of these m. 
Thomas Hutchinson, who had a son Thomas Hutchinson who was Governor 
of Massachusetts and its historian. 

Christian Turell m. Sam 1 Bass, who had Samuel, Daniel, Christian, 
Mary and others. 

Christian Bass m. John Armstrong, son of [John] Armstrong* elder in 
church at Portland. They had John, Mary, Samuel, Ebenezer, Rebecca, 
Nancy. 

Jno. Armstrong m. Elizabeth Williams and had issue, Rebecca, Nancy, 
Samuel T., Jno. W, Elizabeth and a child that died young named William. 



1. Samuel Bass, Christian Bass. 

2. Christian Bass, Daniel Bass, Samuel Bass, Jr., Bethiah Bass. 

3. Rebecca Bass, Lydia Bass, Rebecca Armstrong, John Armstrong. 

4. Samuel T. Armstrong, Abigail Armstrong. 



Extract from Will of my grt.-grandfather Samuel Bass, Tanner, Date 

* 1762— Oct. 4. 

" Relies on the merits and satisfaction of Christ, nothing doubting at the 
Resurrection I shall receive my body again by the mighty power of God. 

" My will is that my pew in the South Brick Church, so called, in Bos- 
ton, remain for the use of my family and posterity that shall attend divine 
service there, they paying the annual contribution for the same ; — likewise 
that my half of a tomb in the South burying place be and remain for the 
use of my family and posterity." 

S. Bass admitted [to the Old South Church] Feb. 18, 1704. [1704-5.] 



Friday, May 2, 1845. 
Called on Henry Purkitt now over ninety years of age at his house in 
South Street Court. II. P. belonged to a prayer meeting many years ago. 
The following were members, as he informed me : 

* John Armstrong was one of the original members of the First Church, Portland, Maine, 
which was gathered March 8, 1726-7. The Rev. Thomas Smith, the first pastor, says in 
his Journal, that John Armstrong, with John Barbour, Robert Means and others, who 
were original members, were a portion of the Irish immigrants who came over in 1718, and 
passed the winter in Portland in very distressed circumstances, so as to be assisted by 
government. The colony subsequently established itself at Londonderry.— (Journals of 
Smith and Dcane, p. 60.) 



1890.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 141 

Henry Purkitt, cooper. 

William Heath, sail maker. 

Jno. Armstrong, painter. 

Samuel Torrey, tanner. 

William Hyslop, hair dresser. 

Jno. Gordon, tobacconist. 

Rev. Mr. Annin, pastor. 

H. P. joined the church in Federal St., 1784. 

The prayer meeting was held once a week. I remember to have attended 
with my father one evening at the house of Mr. Wm. Heath near the 
Marlboro Hotel next South of it. Mr. Heath's grave is in the Common 
burying ground, and when the mall was cut thro by me 1836 that grave 
was protected specially from reverence to my father's friend. 

[These memoranda are copied from a book formerly belonging to Mr. Arm- 
strong, which Mr. Hill purchased a few years ago and presented to the Old South 
Church. It contains the Confession of Faith of the Old South Church and other 
pamphlets relating to that Church and to Congregationalism. These and other 
memoranda are written in Mr. Armstrong's handwriting, on the blank leaves of 
several of the pamphlets. — Editor.] 



SOLDIERS IN KING PHILIP'S WAR. 

Communicated by the Kev. George M. Bodge, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 

[Continued from page 71.] 
No. XXIX. 

Philip, Canonchet and their Indians. 

AFTER the battle with Capt Peirse (March 26, 1676) the In- 
dians made a furious attack upon Rehoboth upon the 28th 
day, burning some forty houses and nearly as many barns. Upon 
the 29th they appeared at Providence, and though the aged Roger 
Williams, the life-long friend of the southern tribes, went forth to 
meet them, unarmed, and leaning upon his staff, he was met by 
their old men, and warned by them that it would not be safe, even 
for him, to venture amongst them ; and they said also that there 
were many M stranger Indians " mixed with their tribes. He was 
thus forced to retire to the garrison-house with the rest of the in- 
habitants, while the Indians advanced and burned some thirty houses 
of the town. Robert Beers was slain, it is said, at this time. The 
Indians seem after that to have broken up into small prowling bands 
which scouted upon the borders of the outlying towns ; making an 
assault here and there as opportunity seemed to offer, — April 9th at 
Billerica ; April 19th at Andover, where they killed Joseph Abbot 
and captured his younger brother Timothy, burned the house of Mr. 
Faulkner and wounded Roger Marks ; while another band the same 
day burned the deserted houses at Marlborough, and still another 
vol. xliv. 12a # 



142 Soldiers in King Philip's War, [April, 

party appeared at Hingham and Weymouth, where they killed two 
men, one at each place. 

On April 20th they renewed the attack upon Hingham, where 
they burned the houses of Israel Hobart, Anthony Sprague, Joseph 
Jones and Nathaniel Chubbuck. On April 21st the main body of 
the Indians in Massachusetts swept in around Sudbury, of which 
attack detailed account has been given heretofore. Account has 
been given also of other attacks and operations in the Northern parts. 

In the meantime the Connecticut people were bestirring themselves, 
and had quietly gathered some eighty of the friendly Indians of the 
Mohegins and Pequods, and a band of the Niantics, whose Sachem, 
Ninigret, although a Narraganset, had remained neutral, in appear- 
ance at least. Forty-seven English soldiers were joined with these, 
under command of Capt. George Denison of Stonington, and Capt. 
James Avery of New London, Connecticut. The Niantics were led 
by the chief Catapazat ; the Pequods by Casassimamon ; the Mohe- 
gins by Oneco, son of Uncas. This force, apparently unknown to 
the scouts of Canonchet, approached Pawtucket, and captured one 
of his guards in the vicinity, with two women, one of whom con- 
fessed that Canonchet was near at hand with but a small guard. 
With this news, confirmed by their scouts soon afterwards, the force 
pushed on and soon came in sight of the wigwam of the Sachem 
whom they sought. When the quick ear of the chief caught the 
sound of an approaching body of men he sent two of his attendants 
to the top of a hill near by to ascertain the cause, and these not 
returning but fleeing for their lives, two more were sent, one of 
whom returned with the word that the enemy was close upon him. 
He seized his gun and sought to escape, but in his flight he came 
near a party of the Niantics, who gave chase so closely that he was 
unable to elude them, and finally was forced to cross a small stream 
where entering hastily his foot slipped on a small stone and he fell, 
wetting his gun which was thus rendered useless, and he was left 
defenceless ; and at the mishap, he confessed afterwards, " his heart 
turned within him and he became as a rotten stick, void of strength." 
Monopoide, a Pequod Indian, was nearest him and overtook him 
within thirty rods of the river, and captured him without any attempt 
at resistance. The pursuit was thus strenuous, because the chief 
had been obliged in his flight to cast off his blanket, and then his 
lace-coat which he had of late received from the English, and then 
his belt of wampum, and was thus recognized. 

But though helpless and captive, he was still the proud and un- 
conquered chief; and when young Robert Stanton, an interpreter, 
and among the first of the English to come up, began to question 
him, he turned away haughtily, saying, '* You much child, no under- 
stand matters of war ; let your brother or your chief come, him I 
will answer." Even Mr. Hubbard was struck by his noble bearing 
and heroism, and in his "Postscript," written after the first part of 



1890.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 143 

his history was printed, compares him to one of the old Romans, 
Attilius Regulus, since he would not accept of his own life upon 
compliance with the English. The condition seems to have been 
that he would send one of his Counsellors commanding his people 
to yield to the English, and thus save his life. His resolution was 
not to be shaken by any threats or bribes ; and when he was told of 
his sentence of death, he replied that he "liked it well, that he should 
die before his heart was soft, or he had spoken anything unworthy 
of himself." He was taken to Stonington and there shot by Oneco, 
son of Uncas, his life-long enemy, and two Sachems of the Pequods, 
of equal rank. 

There is no nobler figure in all the annals of the American Indians 
than Canonchet, son of Miantonimoh, Sachem of the Narragansets. 
As he had become the real head and life of the Indians at war, 
so his capture was the death-blow to their hopes. 

Had Canonchet lived to carry out the plans already entered upon, 
it is probable that the result of the campaign of the spring and 
summer would have been far different. As it was, the great body 
of Indians still for some time held together, congregated upon the 
Connecticut about and above the " Falls," where Capt. Turner and 
his company found them and attacked them on May 18th and 19th, 
1676, as has already been related. 

Of all the hostile tribes in this war, historians have assumed that 
Philip was the leader ; and there is little doubt that he was the 
manager as well as the instigator of the war. But there were many 
powerful chiefs now engaged, and they were coming to realize that 
the destruction and plundering of a few villages of the settlers, here 
and there, resulted in provoking their vengeance, and in forcing the 
Indians themselves to withdraw from their old homes into swamps 
and mountains and remote places. There was disaffection among the 
chiefs, as they found the situation of their tribes growing more and 
more precarious, and felt the same pressure which had already driven 
the Wampanoags, Narragansets and many of the Nipmucks from 
their homes back upon the territory of the Northern tribes, where 
they were now apparently preparing to settle for the present and 
were already utilizing the fishing-places, hunting-grounds and corn- 
fields. The war party, however, was greatly in the majority, being 
composed of those who were actuated by desire for revenge, having 
lost all ; those young and impetuous, who believed that it was pos- 
sible to destroy the English utterly in the way of gaining glory in 
war according to their ambition, and those who saw no other way 
left than to fight the war through for their lives. Philip was enabled 
to maintain some show of control over these chiefs, as it was he who 
had negotiated with each tribe and managed in securing for them 
supplies of ammunition and arms ; while he was also the authority 
to whom the French were promising supplies and men, for the 
reduction of the plantations in the coming summer. No one of 



144 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

those now left dared to lead a revolt against Philip, and his personal 
adherents were in every camp and close to every chief, so that plots 
against him were sure to bring immediate vengeance upon the 
plotters. 

The Narragansets, after the death of Canonchet, were drawn 
more under the authority of Philip, as several of the most notable 
warriors among the Narraganset chiefs had been his adherents from 
the start. 

Pomham, or Pumham, whose territory lay next to Philip's do- 
mains, was a Narraganset chief of that part of Narraganset called 
Shawomet, embracing what is now Warwick. He was considered 
by the English the ablest soldier of the Narragansets in his day. 
Although an old man, he was active in all the operations of Philip's 
war. His sons also were brave leaders. He was killed, desperately 
fighting for his life, in Dedham woods July 25, 1676, by a party of 
English and friendly Indians under Capt. Samuel Hunting. At 
the same time his son was captured, whom Mr. Hubbard describes 
as "a very likely Youth, and one whose Countenance would have 
bespoke Favour for him had he not belonged to so bloody and bar- 
barous an Indian as his Father was." The party of Indians consisted 
of some thirty-five, all of whom are said to have been "his relations 
and subjects." 

Quinnapin, a near relative of Canonicus, early espoused the 
cause of Philip ; he married Weetamoo, as explained above ; was 
said to have been Canonchet's Lieutenant in the " Fort Fight," and 
a leader in the attack upon Lancaster in February, 1675-6. He 
purchased Mrs. Rowlandson from the Indians who captured her, 
and from her account we learn something of his character, habits and 
family. He had two wives besides Weetamoo. When the league 
of the tribes in the West was broken up, Quinnapin remained with 
Philip, and returned with him to the southern parts. In August, 
1676, he was captured, and upon the 24th of that month was tried 
at Newport, R. I., by a Court-Martial, held by the Governor and 
Assistants, and with other captives was condemned to death ; on 
the 25th he was shot. 

Pesmcus or Mossup, a Narraganset, a nephew of Canonicus and 
a very influential counsellor of Canonchet, remained with a part of 
the tribe in the northern parts, and was finally killed beyond the 
Pascataqua river in 1677, by the Mohawks, it is said. There were 
other notable chiefs of the Narragansets who took part in the war, 
Potok, Quaqualh, w Stone- Wall- John," and others, but the first 
three were the principal. 

Of the Wampanoags, Philip's chief men were, Tusjxiquin, 
Sachem of Assovvomset, who married Amie, as she was called by 
the English, sister of Philip and daughter of Massasoit. Tuspaquin 
was called also "The Black Sachem," and he was at the head of 
the large party of Indians who, in the Spring of 1676, hung about 



1890.] Soldiers in King Philips War. 145 

the towns of Plymouth Colony and made successful raids against 
Scituate, Bridgewater and Plymouth. He was one of the last to 
hold out after Philip's death ; and when the wandering bands were 
reduced to a few handfuls here and there, he was induced to come 
in and surrender by the promise of Mr. Church, and by the capture 
of his family, who were well treated and taken to Plymouth. Mr. 
Church promised him that his life and the lives of his family should be 
spared ; but when he came in and surrendered, Mr. Church was not 
at Plymouth, and Tuspaquin was immediately tried and executed. 

Annawon. This old chief appears to have been the most intimate 
and trusted counsellor of Philip. He was close to his chief at the 
time of his death, and led the band safely out of the swamp. He 
was captured soon after with the remnants of the Wampanoags, at 
a place within the present limits of Rehoboth, and surrendered under 
promise of "good quarter." He gave up the treasure and "royal- 
ties" of Philip which he had in charge, to Mr. Church. He was 
executed at Plymouth at the same time with Tuspaquin. 

Totoson, son of the celebrated chief " Sam Barrow," was another 
of the " great captains " of Philip who survived him awhile, only to 
be destroyed by Mr. Church and his mixed company of English and 
Indians. 

Of other chiefs who were important actors in the war were the 
various sachems of the local tribes, some of whom have received 
mention in the course of this history. In the time of Philip's war 
the interior tribes of Massachusetts were known under the general 
term of Nipmucks or Nipnets, while it is probable that the Indians 
themselves understood that name to include the tribe which lived in 
the territory included in Worcester county south of Worcester city, and 
probably beyond the State line, and (as Rev. J. H. Temple thinks) 
upon the ponds in the present towns of " Dudley, Webster, Douglas, 
Sutton, Oxford, Auburn, &c." The name Nipnet means "fresh 
water," and is supposed to have distinguished these tribes from the 
"Coast Indians." The tribes living along the Connecticut and its 
branches were called "River Indians," and included the Agawams, 
Waranokes, Nonotucks, Pacomptucks and Squakheags. The 
Quabaug Indians lived in the territory about the old town of Brook- 
field. The Nashaways had their chief village at Lancaster, and 
included the large villages at " Washakum Ponds " and about " Mount 
Wachusett." 

Of these tribes the most prominent leaders in the war were Mat- 
toonus, a Nipnet ; Monoco and " Sagamore-Sam," Nashaways ; 
Mawtamp of Quabaug, and JPakashokag, called "John of 
Pakachoog." 

Upon Philip's realizing the growing disaffection of the River 
Indians, and made aware also of their negotiations with the English 
to betray him, he left the Connecticut with his own tribe and such 
of the Narragansets as still followed with him, and came to the parts 



146 Soldiers in King Philips War. [April, 

about Wachusett, where his force was increased by many of the 
Quabaugs and Nashaways, under Sagamore Sam and Mawtamp 
(Muttaump). But this force was by no means manageable, for any 
length of time, and only when being organized for active service. 
Dissensions and jealousies began to arise, while the English were 
preparing for vigorous measures of pursuit ; and about the first of 
June, 1676, Philip, with his Wampanoags and Narragansets, went 
away towards their old home. Philip and his tribe went to Poka- 
noket, or Mount Hope ; while the Narragansets passed into their 
own country. 

The English became aware of his presence in his old place early in 
July, and thereafter he was constantly pursued by parties sent out 
from Boston and Plymouth, but he could not be found. The Narra- 
gansets in the meantime were being pursued and captured and 
destroyed by the Connecticut forces, with their Mohegin and Pequod 
allies. The principal exploit of these forces was the massacre of 
the people of the " Old Queen," Magnus, known also as the " Sunk 
Squaw," and also as " Quiapen," on July 2d. Within a few days 
more than two hundred of the enemy came in and surrendered to 
the Plymouth authorities ; and between that and the close of July 
there was a constant series of captures and surrenders of the Indians, 
so that Philip was left almost alone, even his wife and young son 
having been captured by the English, mostly the mixed company 
under Mr. Church. About the 7th of August a small company 
went out from Taunton and captured a party of the Indians of 
Awashonks, " Squaw Sachem " of the Sogkonate. Awashonks her- 
self, trying to escape upon a small raft across the river, was drowned, 
and her body being found a few days after, her head was severed, and 
being placed upon a pole was paraded in the street at Taunton. 

Philip at last, being hunted down by the English and Indians on 
every side, retired, with a few of his staunchest friends, to his old 
retreat in a swamp at Mount Hope. Mr. Church was then in com- 
mand of a scouting company of English and Indians from Plymouth, 
and having passed over from Pocasset, where he left most of his 
company, to Rhode Island to Major Sanford's, he there heard from 
the Major and Capt. Golding, of Philip's condition, as reported by 
a deserter, whose brother Philip had killed for advising surrender. 
This Indian offered to pilot the English to Philip's hiding-place. 
Major Sanford and Capt. Golding both offered to go with his com- 
pany to assist in Philip's capture. They were soon back at "Trip's 
Ferry " with the rest of his company under Capt. John Williams of 
Scituate. Having arrived at the swamp, piloted by the deserter, 
Mr. Church requested Capt. Golding to lead the skirmishing party, 
led by the pilot, into the swamp to " beat up the quarters " of Philip. 
This the Captain accepted and drew out his allotted men. Church 
instructed him to creep forward as silently as possible in order to 
encompass and surprise the Indians, but when discovered to shout and 



1890.] Inscriptions from Burial Grounds at Danvers. 147 

make all possible noise, as the orders to the various ambuscades were 
to fire upon all who came towards them silently. Mr. Church then 
placed the rest of the men with most of the Indians under Capt. 
Williams so as to encompass all ways of escape from the swamp, 
placing an Englishman and an Indian together. Hardly had these 
arrangements been completed when a musket-shot, followed by a 
whole volley, rang through the swamp, and then the general onset 
began. The Indians were taken completely by surprise, and Philip, 
springing hastily from his sleep under the rude open wigwam, seized 
his powder-horn and gun and started from the hillside where he had 
made his camp, for the deeper security of the swamp. But in 
his flight he came face to face with two of Mr. Church's men, and, 
the Englishman's musket missing fire, the Indian immediately shot 
the great chieftain through the breast, so that he fell forward upon 
his face with his gun beneath him, in the water of the swamp. The 
Indian who killed Philip was named Alderman, and is said to have 
been the same who betrayed his hiding-place. When this Indian 
ran to Mr. Church with the news of his achievement, he was told 
to keep it secret until after the rest of the enemy had been beaten 
out of the swamp, or captured or killed. Their retreat and escape 
from the English was ably conducted by old Annawon, Philip's chief 
Sachem. When all the company had gathered about the place 
where Philip's party had bivouacked, Mr. Church told them the 
great news of Philip's death, and presently ordered some of the 
Indians to drag him out of the swamp to the solid land. There he 
was chopped in quarters and beheaded, and left unburied ; his head 
and one hand were given to Alderman as a reward, and in Mr. 
Church's account, it is said that he got "many a penny" by show- 
ing the hand. 

Such was the end of Philip of Mount Hope, one of the most re- 
markable characters in all American history, whose biography has 
never yet been adequately written, and who, although by no means 
a hero, or a character to be admired, was without doubt a wise and 
skilful leader, and more dreaded by the colonists than any other man 
before or after him. 

His death was heard of with universal rejoicing in the colonies, 
and was considered as the practical close of the war. 



INSCRIPTIONS FROM THE BURIAL GROUNDS IN THE OLD 

TOWN OF DANVERS. 

Copied by the late Samuel P. Fowler, of Danvers, Mass. 

Brig. Gen. Moses Porter of the army of the U. S. A. — An ardent and 
inflexible patriot, a brave and honourable Soldier, unassuming and virtuous 
citizen; a generous and faithful friend — He served his country with 
distinguished ability and reputation, from the commencement of the Revolu- 



148 Inscriptions from Burial Grounds at Danvers. [April, 

tionary War, till he expired full of years and honours on the 14 of April 
A.D. 1822 M 66— 

" How sleep the brave who sink to rest, 
By all their Country's wishes blest." 

Erected to the memory of Hon. Samuel Holton, who died January 2 1816 
aged 78 years — He sustained various offices of trust under the State 
Government, and that of the Union with ability and integrity to the 
almost unanimous acceptance of his constituance. 

11 Peace to the memory of a man of worth." 

Sacred to the memory of Mrs. Mary Holton consort of the Hon. Samuel 
Holten, who departed this life Aug. 29 1813 aged 76 years — 
She was an amiable, worthy woman. 

Sacred to the memory of Jethro Putnam Esqr — who departed this life 
May 16 1814 aged 58 years — He was Col. of the 5 Regiment, 1 st 
Brigade and 2 d division of the Massachusetts militia — 
A good soldier and worthy man. 

In memory of Caleb Oakes who died greatly lamented Sept. 17 A.D. 
1831 aged 68 years — 

May he have a blessed resurection at the right hand of Jesus Christ. 

Erected to the memory of Mrs. Sally Osgood wife of Doct. George Osgood, 
who died Sept. 17 A.D. 1821 aged 36 years- 
Ne'er to those mansions where the virtuous rest, 
Since their foundations came a worthier guest, 
Nor to the Bowers of bliss, was e'er conveyed 
A milder spirit or more welcome shade. 

In memory of Capt. Jeremiah Putnam who died Sept 16 1799 — An officer 
under the Immortal Washington — 

This modest stone, what few vain marbles can, 
May truly say, Here lies an Honest Man. 

In memory of Doctor Archelaus Putnam who died April 14 1800, JE 56 — 

Depart my friends, dry up your tears, 
Here I must lie till Christ appears, 
For death's a debt to nature due, 
I've paid the debt and so must you. 

Here lies Intombed the remains of the Rev Mr. Peter Clark, for almost 51 
years the painful labourer and faithful pastor of the First Church in this 
town — He was a great Divine; an accomplished Christian; in whose 
character y e most exemplary patience, humility and meekness were 
illustriously displayed — He was born March 12 1693 — Graduated at 
Harvard College in Cambridge 1712, ordained pastor of y e first Church 
in this Town June 5 1717 — He lived much esteemed and respected and 
after a long life spent in the service of religion, he died much lamented 
June 10 1768 JEtatis 76— 

Wrapt in his arms who bled on Calvary's Plain, 

We murmer not Blest Shade, nor dare complain — 

Pled to those seats where perfect spirits shine, 

We mourn our lot, yet still rejoice in thine ; 

Taught by thy tongue, By thy example lead, 

We Bless'd the living, and revere the Dead. 

Sleep here thy Dust, till the Last Tramp shall Sound 

Then shalt thou rise and be with perfect Glory Crown'd. 

[To be continued.] 



1890.] Ferdinando and Walker in Maine. 149 



SIMON FERDINANDO AND JOHN WALKER IN MAINE, 

1579-1580. 

By the Rev. B. F. DeCosta, D.D., of New York City. 

IN the third volume of "the Narrative and Critical History of 
America" (pp. 171 and 186), the writer has stated a few facts 
with respect to Simon Ferdinando, who, BO far as his knowledge 
extends, led the first English expedition to the region now covered 
by the State of Maine, but then known as a part of Norombega.* 

Prior to the publication of the above-mentioned work, Simon Ferdi- 
nando was known in connection with the voyages to Virginia, begin- 
ning with the year 1584. In 1586 he served with White, who 
quarrelled, and loaded him with abuse. f This was echoed by William- 
son, J and emphasized by Dr. Hawkes,j who styled him a " treacherous 
villain " and "contemptible mariner," declaring that he was a Span- 
iard hired by his nation to deceive the English colony. Later, 
however, the account of his services under Grenville, 1585, came to 
light, and his faithfulness and skill are highly applauded by Ralph 
Lane, || thus relieving his memory from unjust aspersions. It now 
remains to speak of what he accomplished in 1579, prior to his 
Virginia voyages. 

Simon Ferdinando was a Portuguese, not a Spaniard. There is, 
however, to be had at present only a glimpse of his voyage, which is 
brought to light in one of the papers connected with David Ingram, 
who, with two companions, is believed to have travelled on the Indian 
trails from the Bay of Mexico to Maine during 1567-8, embarking on 
a French ship somewhere near the St. John's River. IT The essential 
part of the narrative relating to Ferdinando comprises a few lines as 
follows : 

"1579 Simon fferdinaudo Mr. Secretary Walsingham's man went and 
came from the same coast w th in three monthes in the little irrigate without 
any other consort, and arrived at Dartmouth where he ymbarked when he 
beganne his viage." 

The w said coast " was none other than the region of Norombega, 
the present State of Maine, towards which, at that time, all eyes 
were turned. Certain disconnected events which preceded the voy- 

* The material comprising the present article has been kept in hand for quite a long 
term of years, in the hope that leisure might be found to pursue the matter further. The 
prospect of such leisure daily becoming less, it is now turned over to the Register, in the 
hope that some of its readers may be able to take up the subject and carry it on. 

t Hakluyt, III. 280. + Hist. Carolina, I. 53. { Hist. N. Carolina, I. 196. 

|| Archeologia Americana, IV '. 11; and Col. State MSS., I. Aug. 12, 1585. 

11 " Magazine of American History," Vol. IX. 168; " Colonial State Papers." Vol. I. No. 
2, and the Tanner MSS., Bodleian Library, Oxford. 
VOL. XLIV. 13 



150 Ferdinando and Walker in Maine, [April, 

age of Ferdinando also gain some notice, though of the details of 
the voyage itself nothing can be learned at present. 

It appears that, in 1577, "Simon Ferdinando a Portuguese," was 
called at Cardiff to testify with respect to the piracy of M John Callice 
and other pirates." Ferdinando says that he sailed with "Callic" 
or " Callice, " two years previous as pilot, Callice having " a shipp at 
Rye prepared to passe to the Indians," meaning the West Indies ; 
and that a Portuguese ship was plundered, though, being sick, he was 
not charged with complicity. He says that they met the Portuguese 
vessel when " travelling towards America." Some time after, evi- 
dently in 1576, he "bought a little bark," and made a profitless 
cruise towards the Canaries. This vessel cost him "forty marks," 
and was probably the " little ffrigate " in which he sailed to New 
England. Afterwards he was cast into jail "upon suspicion of her- 
esy," though he was liberated and became Secretary " Walsingham's 
man." 

Upon his return he appears to have been interested in matters that 
concerned Frobisher : and, November 7th, 1581, he addressed a 
letter to that adventurer.* The following year, May 1st, he was 
mustered as first pilot in the " galleon Leicester "f under Fenton, 
bound to the Moluccas ; also serving as pilot to the Virginia expe- 
ditions of 1585 and 1587. Ferdinando, according to Lane, pos- 
sessed " grete skylle and grete government," and was a trusty man. 
With the notice of this voyage, set on foot apparently by Secretary 
Walsingham, Simon Ferdinando passes out of sight until 1585, 
when he sailed to Virginia. Nevertheless he performed his part, 
and deserves honorable mention amongst those worthies who, by 
their labors and sacrifices, prepared the way for the occupation of 
New England. J 

* British Museum MSS., VIII. Otho, fol. 100. f Ibid, fol. 205. 

X In 1577 Cardiff, Wales, had become the headquarters of a large gang of pirates, sixty 
of whom had their maintainers there, and, though well known, the town's people were un- 
willing to give information. April 3d, of that year, a Commission sat to examine the mat- 
ter, and on March 17th Ferdinando testified. The following was drawn by the author from 
the dingy archives : 

" The said Simon fferdinando sayeth that he knoweth Callic and hath knowen him the 
space of these three or four yeares last past but he went not to sea w tJl him vntill w th in 
these two yeares ffor he sayeth that aboutes Michelmas was two years the said Callic sent 
for this Exaiat then being at London and then declared to the Exaiat [Examinant] that M r 
Harry Knowles had a shipp at Rye prepared to passe to the Indians and that this Exaiat 
should be Pylatt thereof yf he lysted and that the same was the requeast of the said M r 
Knowles, and in deede to that effect the said M r Knowles did speake to this Exaiat himself 
and sayeth that according to that request this Examinant take vpon him to be Pylatt of w cb 
shipp the said Callic was M r and one fferdinando was Capitaine. 

And we traveling to the seas ffor want of weather they taryed long vpon the cost of Eng- 
land and by reason thereof spent much of their victual and yet in the end travelling 
towordes America they met w th a Portingall vpon the costes of the land of Portingall and 
from him they toke aboutes 100 chestes of Sugar being part of his loding and haveing gotten 
that pryse they arvyed w* h the same at the rode of Penmarth besyde Cardief in the Countie 
of Glaymorgan aboutes Allhalowtide [Nov. 1] last was two yeres the said Callic the M r 
and fferdinando the Captayne made sail thereof to divers persons to whome certainly he 
knoweth not ffor he this Exaiat was then and for this tyme the shipp laye there at rode was 
verry like to have died and more touching the circumstances of that journey he cannot saye 
saving that they gave this exaiat tenne pounds of the commodity they had by the sale of 
that sugar. 



1890.] Ferdinando and Walker in Maine. 151 

The material given in the long extract, appended as a note, is of 
interest, as giving some account of the life of Simon Ferdinando, 
who no doubt possessed many of the characteristics of sailors of that 
period, the best of whom kept a "nice conscience" no more than 
Chaucer's "Shipman," usually being ready for plunder. 

The information came to liidit in connection with a formal exami- 
nation of David Ingram, which was also the occasion of bringing John 
Walker to notice. We give the papers entire, taking first the 
examination of David Ingram, which is a separate paper from his 
narrative, edited by the present writer.* It will be seen by the side 
remarks of the person who took down the account, that Ingram's 
statements in some places agree with those of lf Sir Humphrey Gil- 
bert's man," who, as we shall see, was John Walker, following 
Ferdinando in 1580. But let us proceed with Ingram's case, re- 
membering that early visitors to America were reckless in their 
descriptions and beliefs, — the Popham colonists in Maine in 1607 
discovering nutmegs ; Henry Hudson finding cliffs shining with 
silver; one expedition carrying to England a cargo of shining earth, 
thinking it was gold ; while the Pilgrims at Plymouth heard lions in 
the woods, climbing a tree, like Ingram, to escape them, and the 
Dutch in New Netherland discovered unicorns and other strange 
beasts. The statement runs as follows : 

Certeyne questions to be demaunded of Davy Ingram 
sayler dwellinge at Barkinge in the county e of Essex, what 
he observed in his travell one the North side of the ryver of 
May where he remayued three ruonetlis or thereabouts. 

And further this exaiat sayeth that after this exaiat lying long at Cardiffe bought a little 
bark of Willm. Herbert Esq* deceased late vice admiral! for the w ch he paicd forty marks 
and the same prepared to go to the seas to the Canarries & aboutes a twelvcmontb & more 
past furnishing that barek w th nyne or tenne men travelling long vpon the seas towards 
that countrie of the Canarries and retorne again \v th out doeing anything but losing their 
Journey their tyme and spending all they hadd and sythens [since] that tyme this exaiat 
hath had no doeing vpon the seas and sayeth that those nyne or tenne men whose names 
arc these Christopher Horsham of the Isle of Whight was m r of the shipp who is now de- 
ceased Richard Horsham his Brother Edward Clayes and the rest he sayeth he knoweth 
not their names but they were Englishmen of what countrie he knoweth no : And further 
sayeth that one Richard Aldersay of London was in the former journey in taking the suger 
w th them but not in this journey. 

Being asked also who did help to furnish his shipp to the Canarries sayeth that one Willm 
Riccards, Robert Adams & John Thomas Bruer, of Cardiflfe, did help to furnish the shipp, 
and sayeth that the shipp and all the furniture amounted to the value of CLI. and no bet- 
ter sayeth that lyeing out tenne or twelve weekes w th the shipp they returned w th out doeing 
anything as before by reason whereof Richards, Adams and John Thomas lost their parts 
of their stock without commodity. 

But this Journey as he sayeth was taken in hand at the beginning of Maye was twelve- 
month. And further sayeth that after his return home from that journey he was commit- 
ted to the shrieffs gayoll the countie of Glamorganshire by Thomas Lewis Esq r a justice of 
peace vpon suspicion of heressie and there remayned the space of 14 weeks and afterwards 
this Exaiat was bayled by the said Willm Herbert the then vice-admirall and Willm Ma- 
thew Esqr two of the Justices and sayeth that vpon his apprehension being asked certain 
questions of M r Lewis of his two journies he answering the same, and was committed to 
the gayoll by the said M 1 ' Lewis as before he hath said and after that he was sett at libertie 
as without examination when he was bayled as aforesaid." — Dom. Elizabeth MSS. Vol. 
CXIL S. ii. 

* Mag. Am. History, Vol. IX. 168. — Ingram was put on shore with a large number of 
companions, by Sir John Hawkins. 



152 Ferdinando and Walker in Maine, [April, 

He hath i . Imp's howe longe the saved Ingram travyled one ye North side of the 

confessed yt _ i ,, * ° J ° J J 

he travelled Kyver ot May.* 

moneths ree ^' ^ te ' WDetner tnat country be frutfull, and what kinde of fruts there be. 

He hath confessed y* it is excedinge fruteful and that there is a tre as he 

called it a plum ten tree, w ch of the leaves thereof being pressed will come 

a very excellent lycor as pleasant to drincke and as good, as any kinde of 

winne. 

3. Ite. what kinde of beasts and cattell he saw there. 

He hath confessed, y* he sawe A Beast in all points like unto a horse, 
savinge he had two longe tusks, of w ch beast he was put in great daunger 
of his lyfe, but he escaped by clyminge a tree. Also that there be wyld 
horses of goodly shape but the people of the country have not the use of 
them. 

ffurther that there be shepe, w ch beareth redde woole somme thinge 
course there flesh good to eat, but is very redde. 

4. Ite what kinde of people there be, and how they be aparrelled. 

He hath confessed y* farre into the land there be many people, and that 
he sawe a towne half a myle longe, and hath many streats farr broader then 
any streat in London. 

ffurther yt the men gooe naked savinge only the myddell part of them 
covered w th skynnes of beasts and w th leaves, And that generallye all men 
weare about there armes dyvers hoopes of gold and silver w ch are of good 
thicknes and lykwyse they weare the lyke about the smale of there leggs 
w ch hoopes are garnished w th pearle dyvers of them as bigge as ones 
thume. 

That the womenne of the country e gooe apareled w th plats of gold over 
there body much lyke unto an armor about the micldest of there bodye they 
weare leafes, w ch hath growinge there one very longe much lyke unto heare. 
and lykwyse about there armes and the smale of there leggs they weare 

S Humfrye hoopes of gold and sylver garnyshed w th fayer pearle. 

man*wchhe 5. Ite what kind of buildings and houses they have in that country. 

sent to dis- jj e na th confessed y e they buyld there howses round lyke a Dovehouse 

cover ytland •/«/«/ j 

reporteth and hath in like manner a louer on the topps of there howses and that there 
th es e to be 8 " ^ e manv pillors that upholdeth many things of gold and silver very massye 

buyit in and great and lykewyse many pyllors of Cristall. 
nor ro'unde. 6- Ite whether there is any quantitye of gold, silver and pearle and of 
other iewells in that country. 

He hath confessed that there is great aboundance of gold, sylver and pearle 
and that he hath seanne at the heads of dyvers springs and in smale rounninge 
brouks dyvers peaces of gold soume as bigge as his fynger, others as bigge 
as his fyst and peaces of dyvers bignes. 

ffurther that he seanne great aboundance of pearle and dyvers strannge 
srH.Gyi- stones of what sort or valewe he knewe not. 

^ rt ' 8 ™ a J f t 7. Ite whether he sawe A beast farre exceydinge an ox in bignes. 
the syds of He hath confessed that there be in that country great aboundance of a 
th from aSt kinde of beast almost as bigge agayne as an oxe in shape of body not much 
the place he differinge from an oxe, savinge that he hath eares of a great bignes, that 

discovered 

' are in fashone much like unto the eares of a bloudhound havinge thereon 
very longe heare, and lykwyse on his breast, and other parts of his bodye 
longe heare. 

ffurther he hath reported of dyvers kinds of wyld beasts whose skynnes 

* John Walker who went out to Norombega in 1580. t Ibid, 



i 



1890.] Ferdlnando and Walker in Maine, 153 

are very rich furres, lykwyse of dyvere kinds of fruts and trees of gr< 
eastimatione. 

That there is a tree w ch bearetli a finite lyke an aple but ifl poyson to 
eate for tin; aple, beinge broken there is a blacke lycor in tin- mydest thereof. 
Al^o that there is a tree that the barke thereof tasteth lyke pepper. 
Divers other matters of great importaunce In; hatb confessed (yf they be 
true) w ch he Bayeth that upon his lyfe he offereth to got- to the place, to 
approve tin- Bame true. 
(Endorsed) 

ab 1 1584. Questions to he demanded of 

David Ingram concerning his 
knowledge of a discovery.* 

Next may be given a statement of things K over & above that 

which Ingrain upon his examination did Confcsse," the statement 
relating to both Fcrdinando and Walker and scenting to have been fur- 
nished through Sir Humphrey himself. At least he conferred per- 
sonally with Walker, who was "hi- man." 

The Reporte of [teme that banc travelled tin: afore said Conntryes w th 

the note of the such things as they haue found there, OUer and aboue that 
which Ingram upon his examinacon did Confe88e, whose Dames an- \'civr- 

zanus, Jaques Carrier, John Barros, Andrewe Thevett,t John Walker of 

w ch number S 1 Iliunfrey (Jylbert did OOnfelTe in person with the three last 
named. 

1579 Simon ll'ei'dinando M r Secretary Walsinghams man went and came 
to and from the said coast w ,h in three months in the little (frigate w t! 'out 
any other consort, and arryved at Dartmouth where he ymbarked when he 
begaune his viage. 

. . - Note 

^ S1C J 1580. 

John Walker Englishman and his Company did discover, a siluer mine 
w th in the Riuer of Nbrambega, on the North shore upon a hill not farre 
from the riuere side about IX leagues from the mouth thereof where lie 
founde the said riuer A r II leagues or thereabout oner and XVIII fadome 
and haulf deepe. The riuer at the mouth beinge about X leagues broade, 
and XXV fadome deepe w th out barre. 

And the said riuer to holde that his breadthe so much farther then he 
was as he coulde possibly kenne, beinge by estimacon about XX miles. 

The Country was most excellent both for the soyle, diuersity of sweete 
woode and other trees. Who also founde at the same time in an Indian 
house VII miles w th in the lande from the ryvers side aboue III C drye hides, 
whereof the most parte of them were eighteene foote by the square. 

Both he and his Company sayled from the said Coast into Englande in 
XVII dayes.J 

That the said coast was the region lying south of Nova Scotia 

* Col. State Papers, Bom. Elizabeth. Vol. 175, No. 95. Public Record Office, London. 

t Thevet, the writer has endeavored to prove, never saw New England, and described 
it only through the relations of others. — See "The Northmen in Maine." 

X Col. State Papers, Vol. I. No. 2. — Public Record Office, London. Many of the old 
stories about silver have failed; this by Walker is vindicated by the fact that silver mining 
is now a recognized industry around the Penobscot region, where new mines are being 
opened. Gold is also found in paying quantities ; while the pearl oyster formerly abounded 
in New Fmgland waters, the Pilgrims finding pearls at Cape Cod in 1620. 
VOL. XLIV. 13* 



154 Ferdinando and Walker in Maine. [April, 

there can be no doubt. This is apparent from the account of what 
followed, which it may be well to state briefly. 

It appears that, in 1580, Sir Humphrey had been obliged to 
transfer his patent to lands in the new world, but, nevertheless, he 
sent out an expedition that year, under Walker, as his full state- 
ment already quoted under that date proves. Still he was deter- 
mined not to withhold himself from enterprise, while we read in Dr. 
Dee's Diary, under July 16, 1582, this entry : 

"A meridie hor 3 J cam Sir George Peckham to me to know the 
tytle of Norombega in respect of Spayn and Portugall."* The fol- 
lowing year Gilbert once more sailed. March 11th, Aldvvorth, Mayor 
of Bristol, William Salterne and others, whose families were after- 
ward connected with efforts in New England, agreed to furnish a 
ship of sixty and a bark of forty tons, " to be left in the country " 
under Mr. Carlisle, who probably did not go,| though the two vessels 
seem to have been included in the fleet of five sail. At the last 
moment, Spanish influence nearly succeeded in keeping Sir Humphrey 
at home. England again felt the baneful power that delayed the 
voyage of Yerrazano. The Bull of Alexander was still a power, \ 
and the Armada was already foreshadowed. Clearing himself of the 
charge of piracy, brought by Spanish spies, Sir Humphrey got to 
sea, June 11th. Ralegh's ship was obliged to put back, on account 
of sickness amongst the crew, but the rest went on, reaching New 
Foundland July 30th. August 5th, Gilbert took formal possession 
in the name of the Queen, and one ship was despatched to England. 
Still, as the Patent required actual possession in the region of New 
England, he sailed southward, and, August 27th, reached the 
latitude of 44° N. The next evening was fair, and " like the swanne 
that singeth before her death." Those in the Admiral sounded trumpets 
and indulged in merriment. But the next day a storm arose, and 
the Admiral was lost upon a shoal near Sable Island with nearly all 
her crew. There now remained only the " Hind " and the " Squer- 
rell," a "little frigate" of twelve tons, and but few supplies. Sir 
Humphrey did not deem it prudent to sail farther south, and accord- 
ingly shaped his course for home. Though admonished of the risk 
he ran in trusting himself to the frigate, he proceeded in this over- 
laden craft, the deck covered with nets and artillery, to recross the 
Atlantic, whose waves were already smitten by the autumnal gales. 

When north of the Azores they met with much bad weather " and 
terrible seas, breaking short and high pyramid wise." Then 
when night came, the sailors on the great ship, the Hind, saw the 
fire of St. Elmo playing upon one end of the main yard, which, 
when it appears double, is an auspicious sign that the "seamen doe 
call Castor and Pollux " ; "but," it is added, "we had only one," 

* Diary, p. 8. Ibid, 16. Hakluyt III. 170. 

f Ibid, p. 182, and Read's " Henry Hudson." 

% Records of Privy Council in Edwards's " Life of Ralegh," I. 78. 



1890.] Ferdinando and Walker in Maine. 155 

and accordingly they accepted it as a sign of doom. NevertheL 
Sir I Imnphrey wafl as .strong of heart as ever, and we read : " Munday 
the ninth of September, in the afternoon, the Frigat was neere cast 
away, oppressed by waves, yet at that time recovered : and giving 
forth signes of ioy, the General] sitting abaft with a booke in his 
hand, cried unto us in the Hind (so oft as we did approch within 
hearing) We are as neere to heaven by Bea as by land. Reiterating 
tlie same speech, well beseeming a souldier, resolute in Jesus < Ihrist, 
as I can testifie he was." Still the Knight was engaged In his 1 
adventure, and his brave heart could not save hiin from the sea. 
Hence we read again, that "the same Monday night, aboute twelve 
of the clocke, Or not long alter, the Frigat being ahead of VB in the 
Golden Ilinde, suddenly her lights were out, whereof as it were in a 

moment, we lost the light, and withall our watch cryed, the General] 
was east away, which was too true. For at that moment the frigate 
was devoured and swallowed vp by the Sea." We are to notice, 
however, that he had intended to colonize in the region described by 
Verrazano, and it was this region that Hays referred to as a country 
extending northward from Florida, " lying vnder very temperate 
Clinics."* Clarke also says that they were "going for the discovery 
of \ornml)ega."f The Mayor of Bristol spoke more definitely in 
liis reply to Walsingham, f ' concerning a Western voyage intended 
for the discovery of the coast of America lying to the south-west of 
Cape Briton." * 

There were those 4 who favored this expedition for other than 
mercantile considerations. Christopher Carlile, the person nominated 
by Aldworth to go out with the two ships furnished by himself and 
friends, in advocating a Colony during the April preceding the 
voyage, associated Xew r England colonization with the exercise of 
a religion not to be enjoyed elsewhere in foreign parts by British 
subjects. lie says : 

" And to the godly minded it hath this comfortable commoditie, that in this 
trade their factours, bee they servants or children, shall have no instruction 
or confessions of Idolatrous Religion enforced upon them, hut contrarily 
shall be at their free libertie of Conscience, and shall find the same 
Religion exercised, which is most agreeable to their parents and masters. "t 

The particular site had in view for the colony has already been 
pointed out ; and Carlile says : " But who shall look into the qualities 
of this voyage, being directed to the latitude of fortie degrees or there- 
aboutes, of that hithermost part of America shal find it has as many 
points of good moment belonging vnto it, as may almost be wished 
for."§ He then speaks of the shortness and safety of the voyage, 
which could be made with a single wind at all times of the year. 

* Hakluyt III. 143; Ibid, 173. 
t Ibid, 182. 

X Hakluyt III. 184. The Plymouth Colonists had no more advanced idea of religious 
liberty than this. 
$ Ibid, 184. 



156 Ferdinando and Walker in Maine. [April, 

So confident were the members of Gilbert's expedition of success, 
that the learned Hungarian, Stephanus Parmenius Budeius, "Master 
of Arts and Philosophic" and the "friend & brother" of Hakluyt, 
was taken in the enterprise, expressly to record the high proceedings 
of the intended Norombega colony in Latin Yerse ; as the subject 
would be adorned with " the eloquent stile of the Orator and rare 
Poet of our time."* But this was not to be. Parmenius, of Buda, 
found a watery grave at the wreck of the Admiral, and Norombega 
remained unsung. 

This excursion is made into the period which follows Ferdinando 
and Walker, to indicate the more distinctly the situation of Norom- 
bega. for while some had their attention fixed upon the latitude of 
the Hudson, these two navigators had distinctly in view the region 
lying around the great river which appears in a long series of ancient 
maps, and which was none other than the Penobscot, to which, as 
already said, Simon Ferdinando the Portuguese led the first known 
English expedition. 

We have next to turn to John Walker and note the abiding faith 
of Gilbert in the promise of the new land. Circumstances had 
forced him to transfer his Patent, but he succeeded in sending out a 
little party to make observations and engage in trade. The voyage 
made at his instance had for its destination the Maine coast, and the 
agent employed was one John Walker, afterwards perhaps a clergy- 
man of the English Church. We have seen that a marginal entry in a 
manuscript in the State Paper Office, already given, runs as follows : 
" Sir H. Gilbert's man brought of the syds of this beast from the 
place he discovered."! The beast referred to was of the kind men- 
tioned in the examination of David Ingram, of 1582, and the voy- 
age of discovery was one of recent date. A careful examination 
shows that the year 1580 was the only one in which such a discovery 
could have been made for Gilbert, while under that year we have, 
through Sir Humphrey, the voyage which answers the description, 
the John Walker referred to having made a voyage to Norombega, 
where he obtained the " syds " or hides. 

In speaking of rivers, the old voyagers seldom made any distinction 
between the estuary and the river proper. This was clearly the case 
in the present instance by Walker, who does not appear to have been a 
navigator ; but the rough estimate agrees sufficiently well with the map 
of the Coast Survey, which gives a width of twenty-one miles to 
the entrance of Penobscot Bay, between the Isle au Haut and 
White Head. But the old sailors, in the absence of surveys, might 
include the distance between White Head and Deer Island, which 
would correspond to the computation of Walker, who made the 
Norombega ten leagues wide at its entrance. There is also room 
for his estimate of seven leagues in width, nine leagues in, as well 

* Hakluyt TIL 156. Specimens of his "stile" may be found in Hakluyt III. 138. 
f Ante, page 152. 



1890.] Ferdinando and Walker in Maine. 157 

as abundance of deep water. Beyond question it was the Penobscot 
that he had in mind, and actually visited, as the Norombega River. 
It is so well known that the Penobscot was acccepted at that period 
as the Norombega, that it would be idle to argue the question. 
Champlain and Lescarbot, in the following century, never doubted 
this, though they were disappointed upon finding no evidence of the 
City, which probably was never anything more than an Indian 
village carrying on a trade with the French and English in peltry. 
The French had other trading places, and notably, that of Boston 
Harbor and the Charles River, as John Smith testifies, and evidences 
of their occupation may yet be established ; but, nevertheless, the 
Norombega will always be identified with the noble Penobscot.* 

This voyage of Walker, so thoroughly attested as to leave no doubt 
with regard to its performance, had express reference to the plans 
of Sir Humphrey, which the latter proceeded to execute in 1583. 
It is not indicated that Walker was the navigator of the expedition, 
though he may have been. At all events he represented Sir Ferdi- 
nando, and probably was a layman like Robert Salterne, supercargo 
of Pring in 1603, and who afterwards became a clergyman of the Es- 
tablishment. At any rate, Walker the commercial man in search of 
" Hyds " disappears after the voyage, while Walker the clergyman 
appears immediately as a chaplain upon the high seas. A manu- 
script that might have given light on the subject has been injured by 
fire. | Still we may notice that, June 23, 1583, Fenton speaks of 

* We may here append a translation made from the manuscript of Jehan Allefonsee in 
the Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, who was on this coast in 1542, and describes Norombega 
and its River, though like the most of the accounts of that period, it is two degrees out 
of the way in latitude. In his estimate of the river, it will be seen he takes in all the water 
from White Head to Mount Desert. He says : " The River is more than forty leagues wide 
at its entrance, and retains its width some thirty or forty leagues. It is full of Islands, 
which stretch some ten or twelve leagues into the sea, and are very dangerous on account 
of rocks and shoals. The said river is in 42 N. L. Fifteen leagues within this river there 
is a town called Norombega, with clever inhabitants, who trade in furs of all sorts ; the 
towns folk are dressed in furs, wearing sable. I question whether the said river enters 
the Hochelaga. For more than forty leagues it is salt water, at least so the town folk say. 
The people use many words which sound like Latin. They worship the sun. They are 
tall and handsome in form. The land of Norombega lies high and is well situated." This, 
everv visitor to this stately and imposing region knows to be true; but the "Latin" came 
of the old disposition to follow phonetic resemblance. 

f In the Cotton MSS. British Museum (Otho E. VIII. fol. 130) is a letter by Walker to the 
Earl of Leicester, written when at the point of sailing. Owing to the ravages of the fire 
it is more or less undecipherable, but the best possible version is appended. The blank 
spaces show where the edges of the manuscript were burned off: — 

" Barnes w th d me w th greate frendlynesse 

a ever bounden vnto yo r L for sendinge m synce my 

depture fro the courte, I have byn have taken instytutyo and induction into 

the . . . fyllacke whyche her Ma tie bestowed vpo me, and .... for, to*S r John 
Arundell : The Byshopp shewed .... curtes} r e he myghte: and assured me of his 
frend [ship?] he knowethe that it was her Ma ties to geve, whe .... it graunted : my 
moste humble sute vnto yo r good .... yo r L would be a meanes vnto her Ma tie that 

I dyspensed w th to keepe my lyving vntyll I returnefro the indyans: M r 

Cudworthe wyll bringe yo r L the . . . to be assygned, w ch M r Secratary wyll procure 

at ... L fyrst wrot yo, for yf 1 may have my poore ly vinge my cominge 

agayne, I shall thinke my selfe well satisfy .... I am now somewhat in debte, and 
the pfytt thereof (the tyme of my absence) wyll dyscharge the same, to the greate quyett- 
ness of my edscyence. And for my selfe bothe harte and hande I wyll cotynue and ever 
remayne as faythfull a s'rvaunte as ever yo r L had in s'rvice : 

Whereof I hope yo r L shall have good experyence yf ever I returne The allmyghtye 



158 Col. John Jones of Dedham. [April, 

John Walker as chaplain to the Earl of Leicester, though he went 
as Chaplain with Fen ton* in the attempted expedition to the Moluccas. 
He was a member of the Council of Advice, and was attached to 
the "Edward. "f The expedition sailed, and in February, 1584, 
Walker was taken sick. The journal contains the following entry : 
"The 5 day about 10. aclocke in the forenoone M. Walker died, 
who had bene weake and sicke. The bloodie flixe 6. dayes, wee 
tooke a view of his things, and prised them, and heaved him over- 
board, and shot a peece for his knell. "f 

Walker was evidently a humane man, using his influence to heal 
dissensions in the ill-starred expedition, and preventing the admiral 
from exercising great cruelty. 

Thus, tossing upon the waves of the lonely Southern Sea, he, who 
probably was the explorer of Norombega in 1580, died, and there he 
found his burial. But his influence did not perish with him. The 
knowledge which he acquired went to swell the sum of Sir Hum- 
phrey Gilbert's information, and helped to spur him on to undertake 
his last voyage, or, otherwise, to lure him on to death ; for, knight 
and priest, Sir Humphrey Gilbert and " his man " found a common 
sepulture in the sea. 



COL. JOHN JONES OF DEDHAM AND HIS PATERNAL 
ANCESTORS IN AMERICA. 

By his grandson, Amos Perry,*LL.D., of Providence, R. I. 

JOHN JONES of Dedham is called in Mrs. Stowe's "Oldtown 
Folks" Sheriff Jones, and in Dr. Bond's Genealogies and History 
of Watertown Col. John Jones. He was born in Weston, Mass., 
Oct. 30, 1716, O. S. In 1740, he purchased a farm situated about 
sixteen miles from Boston on a promontory and peninsula, in a 
section of country that became Nov. 18, 1748, the westerly or 
fourth precinct of Dedham ; and July 7, 1784, the District of Dover, 
and May 31, 1836, the town of Dover. His farm, shaped somewhat 

God p'serve yo r L in most happye estate to his glorye & yo r L hartes desyre. Southe- 
hampto this xxij th of Apryll : 1582. 

Y r honorable L most bounden 

s'vaunte John Walker. 

May it please yo r L to geve me leave further to advertyse yo r L: that the ryghte worshypp- 
full S r Frauncys Drake bathe vsed me w th the greateste frendeshyppc that any myghte 
desyre: botbe in instrnctinge me in the voyage and in dealinge lyberallye w th me and my 
fellowe preacher: for the whyche I besechc yo r L geve him thankes 

[Addressed:] To the ryghte honorable my 
Singular good Laud M r the 
erle of Lcycester geve these." 
* MSS. in British Museum, Otho VIII. f. 87. 

t SloancMSS. No. 2146, f. 73, and Otho VIII. fols. 142 and 179-200. 
j Hakluyt, Vol. III. p. 767. Otho, f. 140. 



1890.] Col. John Jones of Dedham. 159 

like a horseshoe, was washed on three sides by Charles river. There 
he built soon after his purchase a well timbered, comely house in 
which he lived three score years. In this house all his children 
were born, and one son, two wives and himself died. Here courts 
were held and a variety of business transacted. The house remained 
on the same site and was used as a dwelling from 1740 till 1875, 
when it was removed and three years later torn down. Further 
information about this estate may be found on pages 89 to 94 in a 
publication of the South Natick Historical Society, issued in 1884. 

Col. Jones's home was called in a chronicle of the last century a 
secluded retreat; it was reached, until early in this century, only 
by either fording Charles River or by going from the Dedham 
(Claybrook) road three quarters of a mile through a dense forest, or 
an equal distance from South Natick by a circuitous route along the 
brow of the hill, beginning at the gravel pit near the present canal 
bridge. This place was owned by the [ Jones family from 1740 
till 1804, and just seventy years thereafter (1874) it became the 
country seat of Mr. B. P. Cheney of Boston, who, appreciating its 
natural advantages and historic associations, began a series of im- 
provements which have resulted in making it easy of access and one 
of the most attractive and delightful places in that region. 

Col. Jones died at his home in Dover, Feb. 2, 1801, and was 
buried in the ancient burial ground of South Natick Village, which is 
only half a mile in direct line from his Dover estate and a mile 
from Mr. H. H. Hunne well's Gardens, Lake Waban, and Wel- 
lesley Female College. His intention of marriage was published 
Oct. 17, 1742. He was married, Feb. 23, 1742-3, by Rev. 
Oliver Peabody of Natick, to Hannah, daughter of David and Sarah 
Morse, who was born in Sherborn, Feb. 18, 1720-21, and died in 
Dedham, April 13, 1754. His intention of 2d marriage was pub- 
lished Aug. 11, 1754. He was married, Oct. 31, 1754, by Rev. 
Andrew Tyler of Dedham Third Precinct (West Dedham), to 
Tabitha, daughter of Nathaniel and Tabitha Battelle and sister of 
Nathaniel Battelle, H. U. 1765. She was born in Dedham, June 
25, 1731, and died there Nov. 8, 1800. 

Col. Jones held various civil, military and ecclesiastical positions. 
He was successively school teacher ; civil engineer ; Colonel in the 
militia ; proprietors' clerk of Natick ; guardian of the Natick Indians, 
and justice of the peace. In 1793, when Norfolk county was set 
off from Suffolk, he was president of the Court of General Sessions 
of that county, and he was for a long period a deacon in the old 
Peabody-Badger Church, where he had for a colleague an Indian 
named Joseph Ephraim, who was baptized in 1728, and, while 
recognized as a christian brother, long occupied the position of his 
white colleague's carriage and farm servant. Five generations of the 
Jones family have worshipped in church edifices erected on the same 
site in South Natick, and three generations (a great grandson being 



160 Col. John Jones of Dedham. [April, 

a deacon) now statedly worship there within a few rods of the graves 
of their ancestor, his two wives, Hannah and Tabitha, and of his two 
pastors, Oliver Peabody (1698-1752 and H. U. 1721) and Stephen 
Badger (1725-1803 and H. U. 1747). 

Esq. Jones is represented in Mrs. Stowe's work illustrative of 
scenes, events and characters of his time and neighborhood, sub- 
stantially as follows : — "He was a well formed, well dressed man 
who rode in his own carriage, lived in a handsome style, performed 
no manual labor, wore a ruffled shirt and was one of the three person- 
ages that constituted in Oldtown, Our House of Lords." He is 
called by the historians of Watertown and Natick (Bond and Big- 
low) a celebrated land surveyor. He surveyed many estates in 
Dedham and in neighboring towns for their respective proprietors, 
and his professionel services were occasionally required by the 
colonial government. 

In 1762-3 he surveyed, under a commission issued by the royal 
governor of Massachusetts, Mount Desert Island in the District of 
Maine, the first draughts of which survey were deposited a few years 
since by one of his grandsons in the Archives of the Maine Histori- 
cal Society, and some of the implements used on that occasion, 
including his chain, compass and tinder box, are still preserved, 
together with such mementoes and family keepsakes as china cups, 
saucers and punch bowls, some of which are marked with his initials. 
He was one of "the Justices of the Court of General Sessions of the 
Peace of Suffolk County" under the colonial government and also 
under the State. 

He left at his death a manuscript book entitled "Entrys and 
Judgments " that contains, notwithstanding the loss of its first ten 
pages, an account of about four hundred cases which he heard and 
decided as a Justice of the Peace. Among the last judgments he 
pronounced as a colonial magistrate he imposed (July 25, 1774) a 
fine of ten pounds on Ephraim Bacon a citizen of Needham for " un- 
lawful absence from the public worship of God, Lord's Days, three 
months as expressed in a Bill of Indictment filed in y e Court of 
Gen. Sessions of y e peace." He also left a Memorandum Book which 
contains some highly prized genealogical statistics, records of mar- 
riages solemnized by himself and of dowers and gifts to his children, 
together with family and local notes that illustrate the character of 
the times in which he lived. 

He had ten children — five by his first wife, and five by his second 
— four sons and six daughters. The records of all the births, except 
the birth of the youngest child, are found in the first volume of the 
Dedham Records issued under the supervision of Mr. Don Gleason 
Hill, the accomplished town clerk of Dedham. The eldest son, 
John (Junior), who was born Feb. 4, 1743-4, settled in Princeton 
and, on reaching his majority (1765), he received from his father a 
deed of 105 acres in that town, and in March, 1766, he received 



1890.] Col. John Jones of Dedham. 161 

from his father a deed of 20 acres more, and again early in 1775 he 
added to his farm 90 acres by purchase from his brother. 

This young man, who is called by his appropriate title Capt. 
Jones to distinguish him from his father Col. Jones, believed that 
the outcome of the difficulties then existing with the mother country 
would be war, and he prepared for this war by enlisting in Princeton 
and adjoining towns a company of Minute Men, so called, whose 
names are enrolled in the Adjutant General's office in the State 
House at Boston.* On the 19th of April, 1775, Capt. Jones set 
off from Princeton at the head of his company for Lexington and 
Concord, but arrived too late to take part in the skirmishes of that 
day. The following letter, written three days later " in one of y e 
colleges" at Cambridge, the original of which now belongs to his 
great-grandson, John Howard Jones of Chicago, speaks for itself. 
The letter is copied verbatim et literatim. Its orthography and 
free use of capital letters remind us of olden times. The hand- 
writing is decidedly good, bearing a strong resemblance to that of 
Capt. Jones's father. Among other letters preserved is one written 
at the same place thirteen days later (May 5). This bears marks 
of more care than the other, but it possesses less interest. It is 
addressed to his wife, and is signed — "From your Loving Husband 
John Jones." 

Cambridge, April 22, 1775. 
Loving Wife. 

There was a hot battle fought Between the Regulars that 
march'd to Concord and our People on Wednesday the 19th of this instant 
in which many on both sides were slain (but most of the Enemies) as we 
heard before we March'd. As we marched to Concord we were often 
inform'd that the Enemy had marched from Boston a second time & had 
got as far as Lincoln — We hurried on as fast as possible Expecting to 
meet them in Concord but when we arrived there we were informed that 
they had returned from their first engagement to Charleston — from which 
they are gone to Boston — We are now stationed in one of ye colleges as 
are many more of ye army — all in good health Through ye Divine good- 
ness and hope for ye blessing of Heaven. In ye first Combat among those 
that were slain were Lieut. John Bacon of Needham, two Mills's Nat. 
Chamb'n and two others from Needham — Elias Haven from Springfield. If 
you have an Opportunity you may send Brother Hapgood a shirt and pair 
of Stockings — Tis uncertain when we shall return may we all be Ennabled 
to repent & turn to our God that he may save us from Ruin. 
I am with the Grestest Respect Your 

Affectionate & Loving Husband till Death. 

John Jones. 
N.B. My Best love to 

Brother Jones & children — Let us all be Patient & Remember that it is 
ye hand of God. 

Capt. Moore has sold his flaxseed but if you apply in season you may 
get some of Mrs. Wood. 

* See Lexicgton Alarm List, vol. xv. p. 48. 
VOL. XLIV. 14 



162 Col. John Jones of Dedham. [April, 

The " Brother Hapgood " referred to above was Capt. Jones's 
wife's brother ; the " Brother Jones " was his brother Amos Jones 
referred to further on. Capt. Jones had at the time of writing this 
letter three children, all daughters, and not one five years old. The 
fourth child, John, was born the following August, while he (the 
father) was in active service. "Lieut. John Bacon of Needham," 
whom he reports as slain, was a relative of Ephraim Bacon who was 
sentenced by Capt. Jones's father, July 25 the year before, to pay a 
fine of ten pounds for absenting himself from the public worship of 
God on Lord's Days. 

The enterprising and patriotic young man who wrote this letter 
was in due time commissioned as Captain in the Continental Army ; 
he was at the battle of Bunker's Hill, and for a short time at the 
siege of Boston. He went to Quebec with his company in Col. 
Doolittle's regiment, and returned as far as Crown Point, N. Y., 
where he died of small-pox, July 4, 1776, leaving a widow and four 
children on his farm in Princeton. A record of his service to the 
United American States from April 19, 1775, until his death on 
the day of the declaration of American Independence, is found in his 
father's Memorandum Book referred to above and also in the War 
Department at Washington. It is a painful fact that the unques- 
tioned service which he rendered to his country and which resulted 
in his death at his post of duty, failed to secure a pension for his 
widow and children who are so touchingly referred to in his letter 
above. Not even his name is found in a work that professes to be 
a history of Princeton. 

Capt. Jones's nearest descendant at this time is a grandson, and 
this grandson is Nathan Watson Jones, who was born April 
27, 1803, on the Princeton Jones estate, that consisted in 1775 of 
215 acres and belonged successively, in the course of the last cen- 
tury, to his great-great-grandfather, his great-grandfather, his grand- 
father and his father, all named John Jones. The first two of these 
ancestors were born in Weston, the third one in Dedham, and the 
fourth in Princeton. This grandson of Capt. Jones is now a citizen 
of Griggsville, 111., and worthily represents worthy, respected and 
patriotic ancestors, and has sons following his example. 

The two military commissions of Capt. Jones, one of which was 
as a Captain in the Continental Army and the other as a member of 
a local organization (left in the custody of his father, and then of the 
latter's youngest daughter), were laid before the United States Senate 
Committee on Pensions well nigh three score years ago, and could 
never afterwards be recovered by the family. 

Col. Jones's second child and oldest daughter Mehitabel, who was 
so named in honor of his mother Mehitabel Garfield, was married 
by him June 22, 1768, to Samuel Cook of Needham. His third 
child and second daughter Hannah (1748-1834) was married by 
him July 4, 1771, to Enoch Brooks of Princeton. Mr. Brooks is 



1890.] Col. John Jones of Dedham. 163 

styled in the Princeton records that contain a notice of his death, 
Sept. 18, 1825, Lieutenant. He belonged to the company of 
Minute Men commanded by his brother-in-law, Capt. Jones. 
Whether he acquired the above title or rank by service in the 
Revolutionary Army is not known to the writer. 

Col. Jones's son Amos, after whom the writer of this sketch was 
named, settled in Princeton near his brother Capt. John, and 
received from his father, April 3, 1775, a deed of 125 acres of land 
in that town, 90 acres of which he soon sold to his brother Capt. 
John, and after his death the other 35 acres reverted to his father. He 
taught school in Hutchinson, now the town of Barre, in the winter 
of 1774-75. He trained in his brother John's military company, 
but was kept from active service by impaired health that resulted in 
his death, in Lebanon, Me., Nov. 19, 1776. A brief diary or note 
book, containing specimens of his penmanship, some rude rhymes 
and arithmetical tables, is the only memento that has been handed 
down to his surviving nephew. Another nephew and namesake 
of Amos Jones, viz. Amos Jones Cook, son of Samuel and Mehit- 
abel (Jones) Cook, referred to above, succeeded Daniel Webster as 
the preceptor of the Fryeburg, Me., academy, at the time of his 
graduation at Dartmouth College in 1802, and he held that position 
with marked honor more than thirty years. 

After Col. Jones's death in 1801, his papers came under the 
immediate care of his youngest son Adam (1760-1825), who on the 
sale of his father's homestead in 1804, and his removal soon after- 
wards to Templeton, where he lived and died, took away witli him a 
trunk full of these papers which were preserved till about a quarter 
of a century ago, when they were burnt to get them out of the way. 
The other papers, including printed documents, were crowded into 
barrels and boxes and stored for sixty years in the attic of the 
youngest of Col. Jones's ten children, Mary, who after her marriage 
by her father in 1795 to Elijah Perry of Natick, always resided near 
her paternal homestead. Such printed documents as were not 
picked away piecemeal are now in the Morse Institute Library in 
Natick. Some of the numerous manuscripts, including civil and 
military commissions, were lost in the fire that consumed, March 2, 
1872, the collections of the South Natick Historical Society. Some 
plats of farms surveyed in neighboring towns were deposited in town 
clerk offices, where it was thought they might some time be of interest ; 
some papers were burnt, and a few that are highly prized are in the 
hands of Mr. Jones's onlv surviving grandson. 

The saying (unendorsed by the writer) has been handed down 
that Mr. Jones received favors under the colonial government on 
account of certain relations (referred to further on) to men in power. 
Accenting office under the English colonial government and bound 
by oath to serve it faithfully, he was loyal and dutiful, while all the 
members of his family (of mature years), including sons, daughters 



164 CoL John Jones of Dedham. [April, 

and sons-in-law, were active in overturning that government and in 
establishing another in its place more in harmony with their ideas of 
popular rights. His efforts to enforce certain laws relating to the 
public worship of God on Lord's Days caused much disaffection and 
hastened the conflict in his neighborhood between the new and the 
old government—between the patriots and the loyalists. 

In the autumn of 1774 (probably in the latter part of Sept.), a 
scene of historic interest was enacted under an elm tree that stood 
near Col. Jones's mansion, and that now, with other trees near by, 
towers high and spreads out its branches as if to take a better view 
of a surpassingly beautiful landscape far and near on either side. 
A numerous company appeared there with a request signed by " Sons 
of Liberty," that the magistrate of King George vacate his office. 
The time-honored, though then unpopular, functionary was not in a 
condition to decline compliance with this pressing invitation. In 
view of many circumstances and pertinent facts, it is believed that, 
though he might not have been in a state of mind to welcome the 
bold and decisive act that enabled him to throw off official responsi- 
bility without dishonor, he never regretted the result of the occurence. 
His whole subsequent life indicates this view of the case. He did 
not leave his home, as one writer has intimated. His family, to 
which he was ever devoted, required his presence there. Besides, he 
was habitually so open and manly in his dealings with his fellow 
men that he had no need then or afterwards of concealment. He 
had at that time two sons and two son-in-laws abroad — three in 
Princeton and one in Needham, all aggressive patriots and all 
devotedly attached to him as a man and as a relative ; but hostile to 
him as a colonial official. He had at home his wife Tabitha and her 
five children, whose names and ages were as follows : — Mary, an 
infant a month old ; Caroline, ten years old ; Adam, fourteen years ; 
Silence sixteen, and Tabitha nineteen years. This last-named 
daughter witnessed with interest the scene, and gave late in life an 
oral account of it that has been transmitted to the present time. 
Her father's relation to the two political parties of that time was, and 
has been, until a recent period, a subject of so delicate a nature as to 
be referred to, if at all, among friends and neighbors, only in a very 
guarded way, to avoid giving offence or wounding feelings. This is 
probably the reason why we have no full statement as to who signed 
the request that was made ; who all the visitors were ; how the 
business was transacted, and whether in resigning his colonial office 
Esq. Jones then and there acknowledged his allegiance to the upris- 
ing government that was aided by his family. We know but little 
of this affair aside from tradition and the statement furnished by the 
above-named witness a half century after the occurrence. 

Some citizens were present, we are told, whom the magistrate had 
offended by imposing upon them penalties for the violation of colonial 
laws, and some were there because they disliked the antiquated 



1890.] Col. John Jones of Dedham. 1G5 

colonial government which Esq. Jones seemed from his position to 
impersonate and represent. Some were there, too, who, possessing 
a friendly and generous spirit, wished to protect from insult and 
injury a man whom they respected despite bis loyalty to King George. 
Among the latter class was Ephraim Dana (1744-17!>2 ), a black- 
smith by trade and a citizen of Natick, whose house and shop were 
scarcely an eighth of a mile distant on the opposite side of Charles 
river. In less than six years thereafter this Ephraim Dana was at 
the Jones mansion again under very different circumstances. ( ta 
the latter occasion (April 20, 1780) having lost his wife Rebecca 
(Leland) Dana and acquired the title of lieutenant in the service of 
his country, he came to marry the magistrate's daughter Tabitha 
above referred to ; and now after the lapse of more than a hundred 
years the manly and patriotic Ephraim and his wife Tabitha (Jones) 
Dana have many worthy and highly respected descendants residing 
in that neighborhood, in Boston and in different parts of the 
country. 

The business laid out was transacted, we have reason to believe, 
with as much regard to decorum and order as could be expected on 
an occasion of such excitement and zeal as must have there prevailed. 
The magistrate lost his office without, however, losing his self-respect 
or his honor as a man. We now see that the movement thus 
begun exerted an influence that was far reaching. The political 
future of that neighborhood and of that region was settled. Esq. Jones 
ceased to be colonial magistrate. Public and private records however 
show that he continued to be a man of consideration. His character 
stood the test to which it was subjected ; for in less than five years 
(Aug. 28, 1779) he represented the town of Dedham in a petition 
and remonstrance to the General Court (see Acts and Resolves Pro- 
vince of Mass. Bay, Vol. V. p. 1343), and in a little more than 
eleven years, in response to a numerously signed memorial from 
fellow citizens, he was commissioned by the Governor of Massachu- 
setts to again be " one of the Justices of the Court of General Sessions 
of the Peace of Suffolk County ; " and he made about as many 
decisions under the new government as under the old. He recorded 
in his " Book of Entrys " the first judgment he rendered under the 
State government (Feb. 6, 1786) on the lower half of the page that 
contains a record of the last case he tried (Sept. 5, 1774) under the 
colonial government. His hand-writing was not changed during 
the intervening time. The same regard for even-handed justice 
appears in both series of judicial acts, the only difference being the 
absence of any reference to His Majesty King George either in his 
commission or in his record of judgments rendered. 

This man, a brief sketch of whose life is given above, though not 

enumerated by the historian Sabine as a loyalist, passed into local 

history as a tory, an epithet which if not the most damaging and 

damning that belongs to the vocabulary of the Revolutionary period, 

vol. xliv. 14* 



166 Col. John Jones of Dedham. [April, 

is far from being complimentary, in illustration of which statement 
the following personal incident is related. A boy ten or twelve 
years old who had seen much of Esq. Jones's papers and household 
furniture and had always lived in sight of his mansion, once asked 
an elderly gentleman who had been a neighbor of the magistrate 
many years to tell him about that man. The prompt reply was : — 
"Don't ask about him, he w r as a tory." To the boy's further 
inquiry : * Was he not a good man? He was a deacon," the reply 
was given with bated breath as if the speaker were trying to conceal 
emotions of horror : : ' Yes, but he was a tory." The idea of some 
mysterious and awful creature, such as might have belonged to the 
witchcraft period of our history, was thus conveyed to the boy, and 
not till many years afterwards could he get at the truth. 

Now it appears, that though thus stigmatized and scandalized, 
Esq. Jones was a man of integrity and moral worth. Neither time- 
serving nor dissimulation was ever laid to his charge. His word 
was as good as his bond. Only a painful necessity could induce him 
to abandon the old ship of state and take refuge on a craft whose 
merits he little understood. In both of these positions, he performed 
the duties which he understood devolved upon him. 

Slow to learn and slow to adopt advanced ideas of American 
citizenship and manhood, he yet attained true dignity. Heeding the 
monitions of his conscience, he exemplified noble virtues and did his 
part, when the occasion was offered, to render the State government 
a worthy successor of the colonial. He raised up a family whose 
members were without exception imbued with the principles of lib- 
erty (one of them dying in the service of his country), and who not 
only showed respect for his character while he was living, hut those 
who survived him strove to perpetuate his memory by having 
inscribed upon his grave stone (still standing in the old churchyard) 
the distich of Pope, the second line of which is — 

" An honest man's the noblest work of God.'' 

an epitaph whose appropriateness in this case was readily con- 
ceded by all who knew the man and the straits through which he 
passed. 

Col. Jones's father was John, who was the fifth son of Capt. 
Josiah and a carpenter by trade. He was born March 19, !<)•»>— 7, 
in that part of Watertown which became the town of Weston, where 
his will was dated Feb. 11, 17(>o, and lodged June 4. 17 74. He 
married Dec. 8, 1715, Mehitabel Gariield. who sustained a recognized 
relation to deputy Governor Thomas Danforth and Governor Jona- 
than Belcher. He became a large proprietor of real estate, giving 
to his son John of Dedham 320 acres in Princeton ; to his son Ezra 
320 acres in liutland district (Bane); to his son Benjamin 240 
acres in Oakham, and to his son Abraham his home estate in Weston. 
He had six sons and three daughters. John of Dedham was the 



1890.] Col. John Jones of Dedham. 167 

oldest of the children. Ezra became an opulent farmer in Barre ; 
Benjamin and Abraham resided in Weston : none of the other chil- 
dren had families, and two of them died in 1748. 

Col. Jones's grandfather was Josiah, born in 1G43, in Roxbury, 
where his parents resided at that time. He died in Weston, Oct. 9, 
1714; married Oct. 2, 1667, Lydia Tread way of Charlestown, who 
died Sept. 18, 1743, aged about 94 years. He was admitted a 
freeman in Watertown, April 18, 1G90 ; was a captain in the militia ; 
a selectman of Watertown 1685, 86, 87, 90, 1702 and 1709 ; was 
an original member of the church in Weston, and one of its first 
deacons, to which position he was elected Jan. 4, 1709-10. He 
had six sons and four daughters, all of whom had families, and some 
readied a very advanced age. The eldest son Josiah had four sons 
and a daughter; the 2d son Nathaniel had seven sons and four 
daughters; the 3d son James had five sons and six daughters; 
the 4th son Samuel had two sons ; the 5th son John had six 
sons and three daughters, and the 6th son Isaac had seventeen 
children. 

The record of Capt. Josiah's grandchildren and great-grandchildren 
contains numerous facts of interest. A good number of his descen- 
dants were graduates of New England colleges, and some of them 
were benefactors. Elisha, the 4th son of Capt. Josiah's eldest son 
Josiah, died Feb. 15, 1775, in his 66th year, having been a Colonel, 
a magistrate and a member of the General Court. He had, by his 
wife Mary Allan who survived him, fourteen sons and a daughter, 
and twelve of his fourteen sons had families. 

The father of Capt. Josiah was Lewis, who came to this country 
about 1640. He came, it is said, from England, though his sur- 
name is of Welsh origin, and the reddish or sandy hair and clear 
complexion of many of his descendants indicate Welsh extraction. 
He settled in Roxbury, where he and his wife Anna were members 
of John Eliot's church. He removed to Watertown in 1650, where 
he had various commercial transactions, including the purchase and 
sale of real estate. He made his will Jan. 7, 1678-9, and he died 
April 11, 1684, leaving four children, two sons and two daughters. 
His daughter Lydia married, Oct. 30, 1656, Jonathan Whitney, 
and his son Josiah was the executor of his will and was one of the 
pioneer settlers of that part of Watertown that subsequently became 
the town of Weston. 

Having: before us this commemorative sketch of John Jones of 
Dedham, of his father John of Weston, his grandfather Capt. Josiah 
and his great-grandfather Lewis, the immigrant, together with 
references to some noteworthy members of their respective families, 
it is interesting to observe, in conclusion, that these men all attained 
a good aire and left evidence of having: led honorable and useful 
lives. 



168 Mary Watkins, [April, 



MARY WATKINS ; A DISCOLORED HISTORY OF WITCH- 
CRAFT, CLEANSED BY MODERN RESEARCH. 

By Walter K. Watkins, Esq., of Chelsea, Mass. 

THAT voluminous and indefatigable historian, Samuel G. Drake, 
in his " History and Antiquities of Boston," page 503, speak- 
ing of the last Court held on the witchcraft at Boston, says, "It was 
at this Court that the aged Captain Alden ? was acquitted by proclama- 
tion,' but f Mary Watkins, who had been a servant, and lived about 
seven miles from the Town,' was tried and condemned, though not 
by the jury, their repeated verdict being, 'Ignoramus' ; but the Court 
imprisoned her for some time, and she was finally sold into bondage 
in Virginia." 

Another account of the same case is found in a small volume the 
opposite extreme in size, though by an able writer. In 1839 there 
was published in Boston, "Historical Letters on the First Charter," 
by Abel Cushing. On page 190 can be found this extract : — 

A female slave by the name of Mary Watkins was brought before this 
court at this session, upon charge of making false and scandalous reports 
against her dame, a Mrs. Swift; which were, that she, said Swift, was a 
witch and had murdered a child. But, upon examination, the negress 
acknowledged her charges were false ; and she was thereupon ordered to 
find sureties for her appearance at the next court in Boston, and to stand 
committed until compliance with the order. Candy had much more en- 
couragement than this, when she brought her mistress to confession of 
witchcraft by her accusations. But the poor slave could not find the 
required sureties, and was thereupon kept in close prison. In despair, and 
to end her miseries, she attempted suicide, but without success. She then 
accused herself of witchcraft, hoping they would hang her; hut at the 
court the grand jury would not indict her upon her own confession : and she 
was at last sold at Virginia to pay her prison fees. And this is the nearest 
approach to a witch trial which could be got up in Boston, since the times 
of the widow Hibbins. 

Without comment at present we will refer to a contemporary of our 
heroine, namely Robert Calef. In Part 5 of his "More Wonders of 
the Invisible World," page 142 of the original edition, he mentions 
the case in these words : — 

April 25, 1693. The first superior court was held at Boston for the 
county of Suffolk; the judges were the lieutenant Governor, mr. Danforth, 
mr. Richards, and mr. Sewall, esquires; where (besides the acquiting mr. 
John Aldin by proclamation) the most remarkable was, what related to 
Mary Watkins, who had been a servant, and lived about seven miles from 



1890.] Mary Watkins. 169 

Boston, having formerly accused her mistress of witchcraft, and was sup- 
posed to be distracted; she was threatened, if she persisted in such accusa- 
tion, to be punished. This, with necessary care to recover her health had 
that good effect, that she not only had her health restored, but also wholly 
acquitted her mistress of any such crimes, and continued in health till the 
return of the year, and then again falling into melancholy humours, she 
was found strangling herself; her life being hereby prolonged she immedi- 
ately accused herself of being a witch ; was carried before a magistrate, and 
committed. At this court a bill of indictment was brought to the grand 
jury against her, and her confession upon her examination given in as 
evidence; but these, not wholly satisfied herewith, sent for her, who gave 
such account of herself, that they (after they had returned into the court 
to ask some question) twelve of them agreed to find Ignoramus,* but the 
court was pleased to send them out again, who again at coming in returned 
it as before. She was continued for some time in prison, &c, and at length 
was sold to Virginia. About this time the prisoners in all the prisons were 
released. 

Having referred to the printed accounts of this case, we will ex- 
amine what original manuscript there is now accessible, to see if 
further information can be obtained. Referring to the files of the 
Superior Court of Judicature for Suffolk County, we find the follow- 
ing document : — 

Mary Watkins Single woman being accused of false and scandalous re- 
ports she had made and forged against her dame Swift of 

as that she was a witch and had murthered a child. The said Mary 
Watkins being brought to the barr upon the examination acknowledged 
they were false reports and that she had wronged her the said Swift. 
"W hereupon the court ordered the said Watkins to find sureties for her 
good behavior and her appearance at the next court of assizes and General 
Goal delivery holden for the County of Suffolk and stand committed until 
the same be performed. 

This corroborates some facts in the printed accounts, but leaves 
many unsupported ; unfortunately many papers in the Suffolk Court 
files have been purloined or destroyed, and among them were doubt- 
less others that would have thrown light on the case. 

There is in existence, however, a document in the Mass. Ar- 
chives that furnishes a clew and identifies the person without doubt, 
and puts a different aspect on the case, and a different complexion 
upon the subject. It is a petition of Mary Watkins and Susanna 
Davis, and is found in Vol. 105, p. — . 

Wee Mary Watkins of Unkatie spinster and Susanna Davis of Newbury 
spinster being prisoner in their maj'te Goal in Boston in New England doe 
humbly supplicate Mr. Caleb Ray Keeper of the said Goal to provide 
master or masters to carry us out of this country into Virginia, our friends, 

* The verdict " Ignoramus" is a legal term, which is defined in Bailey's Dictionary, 
in an edition dated 1730, as follows: — "Ignoramus (i. e. we know not) a Term used by 
the grand Jury, which they write on the Bill of Information for the Inquisition of Crimi- 
nal Causes, when they dislike the Evidence as defective, or too weak to make good a pre- 
sentment, and then ail further Enquiry upon the Party is stopp'd." 



170 Mary Watkins, [April, 

relations, and kindred, slighting us to extremity. In testimony whereof we 
have hereunto sett our hands and seals this 11th day of August A.D. 
1693. 

Mary — 1 — Watkins 
Susanna — o — Davis 

In neither of these documents is the object of our search spoken of 
as a negress or person of color, as in Cushing's account, but simply 
a servant. That she was sold into servitude is probable, though no 
record of the fact other than her desire and CalePs account exists. 
The clew to her identity is in the name Unquety, a contraction used 
for the Indian name Uncataguisset, now the town of Milton, " about 
seven miles from Boston." In Milton dwelt one Richard Hixson, 
whose wife's maiden name was Margaret Watkins, with them dwell- 
ing her sister Mary Watkins. This we know from the administration 
of one Thomas Watkins's estate found in the Probate of Suffolk 
County as follows : — 

July 15 1690. by the Hon. Simon Bradstreet esquire Governor, Samuel 
Sewall assistant, power of administration to all and singular debts, credits, 
goods and estates of Thomas Watkins, late of Boston, cordwainer, was 
granted to Richard Hixson of Milton, in right of his wife, sister of Thomas 
Watkins and of Mary Watkins, another sister, he giving bonds as adminis- 
trator according to law. Attest I. Addington. 

Thomas, Margaret and Mary were the children of Thomas Wat- 
kins, a planter at Merrymeeting Bay, by his wife Margaret, who, 
on his death about 1673, married Thomas Stevens. We glean this 
relationship from the following extract taken from the book of East- 
ern Land Claims in tbe Mass. Archives : — 

As per a deed of sale and on ye hand & seal of Richard Hixson, Mar- 
garet Hixson and Mary Watkins dated May 27 A.D. 1692. . . . Sold by John 
Gutch to Thomas Watkins Senr. of Kennebeck, as per deed under his hand 

& seal dated Dec. 18 1666 &c The parcel sold by ye Indiann Deuukin 

Daniel & Robin Hood to Margaret Stephens formerly wife of sd Watkins 
& the Heirs of sd. Watkins dated Aug. 1672 &c. &c. 

That Thomas and his wife and children were all white there is no 
doubt, as he was a freeman and of some prominence, though Savage 
has erred in putting three men into one. Thomas the planter died 
in 1673, as shown, and Thomas, cordwainer, died in 1690, while a 
third Thomas, tobacconist, had nine children, as shown in Boston 
records, some of which survived him ; no children being mentioned 
as of Thomas, cordwainer. Therefore there must have been three 
instead of one as mentioned by Savage. 

Thus we have shown Mary in her true colors, and the Thomases, 
like those of the Bible, have received their proper title. 



1890.] Ethan Allen's Language at Ticonderoga. 171 



ETHAN ALLEN'S LANGUAGE AT TICONDEROGA. 

Communicated by William C. Todd, A.M., of Atkinson, N. II. 

IN an article on Timothy Dexter contributed to the Register for 
October, 1886, was the following : — "According to all his- 
tories of the United States, Ethan Allen demanded the surrender 
of Ticonderoga from the British commander r In the name of the 
Great Jehovah and the Continental Congress.'" Prof. James D. 
Butler, of Madison, Wisconsin, has informed me that his grand- 
father Israel Harris was present, and had often told him that Ethan 
Allen's real language was, "Come out of here, you d — d old rat." 

The inference of the writer naturally was, that a man who used 
one expression would not have used the other. A very intelligent 
Vermont gentleman, Mr. George W. Harmon, however, has pub- 
lished an article claiming that Allen used- both the forcible words 
put into his mouth by Mr. Harris and the language of history. 
Taking the account given in the ff Capture of Ticonderoga" by Hon. 
Lucius E. Chittenden, an eminent son of Vermont, he has intro- 
duced the Harris language, making it read thus : — 

" A guard thrusts at an officer of the invading force with his bayonet, 
and slightly wounds him. Allen strikes up the weapon, and deals a blow 
at the assailant's head. His life is saved hy a comb which turns the force 
of the blow; he drops his gun and asks for quarter. ' Where is the officer 
in command?' thunders Allen. He is shown to a room on the second floor 
of the officer's quarters; he summons Capt. Delaplace to come forth, saying, 
* Come out of here, you d — d old rat,' or he will sacrifice the ganisou. 
Aroused from his sleep, half naked and half stupefied, he appears, and iu 
reply to Allen's demand for immediate surrender, asks: ' By what author- 
ity?' 'In the name of the Great Jehovah and the Continental Congress/ 
is the answer. " 

This account is taken from that of Allen himself, in his "Narrative," 
bearing date "Bennington, March 25, 1779." If Allen used both 
expressions the interpolation is probably correct. After the lapse 
of over a century, it is not easy to establish any fact by new original 
evidence. Of the 83 in the company, but very few could have fol- 
lowed Allen to the door of the chamber, on the second story, and 
heard his demand for surrender. It was before the day of the " inter- 
viewer," and the published records of all events at that period were 
few and brief. That one expression was used depends on the testi- 
mony of Mr. Harris, whose word seems never to have been ques- 
tioned. Hon. Peter Butler has recently told me that he never knew 
a man whose statement of an occurrence just as it was could be more 
depended upon. Prof. Butler has written to me that every living 
grandson of Mr. Harris has heard him declare that Allen used the 
words, and one, now deceased, had heard him deny that Allen used 
the language of history. 



172 Letters of Actors in the Revolutionary War. [April, 

The words of history depend, as far as I can learn, on the evi- 
dence of Allen himself. He was a brave, patriotic, impulsive, un- 
cultivated man, skeptical but familiar with the bible, from which he 
often quoted, and the words " Great Johovah " may have occurred 
to him. There had been no "Continental Congress" since the 
preceding October, but it was to assemble that very day in Phila- 
delphia, and that may have come to his mind. But it was a re- 
markable expression, and some, with all that is stated above on 
which to form a judgment, and with no wish to question Allen's 
veracity, may think, in the excitement of the moment, for the 
capture was over in ten minutes, he may have forgotten his real 
language, and imagined he said what was the best thing he could 
have said. It is well known that the statements of generals are not 
always to be depended upon, especially where they are personally 
interested, of which we had many illustrations in our late war. 
Take the recent instance, shall we believe Gen. Butler or Admiral 
Porter in their statements about events at New Orleans, conceding 
that both mean to be truthful ? 

Is it probable that Allen could have used two expressions so 
different? If he used the Harris language alone, or with the other 
demand, would he have made it a part of his published narrative? 
If he really used the words given by Mr. Harris, should the faithful 
historian repeat them, or suppress them? A distinguished author 
once said to the writer that it was not right " to turn a man out into 
the world naked — he should be dressed up." Is this the true way 
to write history, or is it not? 

The reader must answer for himself these questions, and decide 
whether Allen used one or both expressions, and if only one, which. 

Doubt has recently been thrown on many long accepted historical 
statements, and among the interesting papers of the late Charles W. 
Tuttle, just published, is one questioning, with much reason, the 
accuracy of the "Report of an Indian Massacre at Fox Point, 
May, 1690," narrated by Cotton Mather in his Magnalia. 



LETTERS OF ACTORS IN THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 

Communicated by John S. H. Fogg, M.D., of Boston, Mass. 

I. Charles Lee to the Parish of New Cheshire. 

New Haven January y e 17. 1776. 
Gentlemen, 

I am extremely happy and very much flattered with your Zeal and 
alacrity in the Cause of your Country, and readiness in putting yourselves 
under my Command. As to the choice of your Officers it is left to your 
discretion. I hope and dare say you will make a proper choice. You will 



1890.] Letters of Actors in the Revolutionary War, 173 

oblige me in marching on Friday or Saturday morning for Fairfield, the 
place of our general Rendezvous, when I will arrange you into Battalions 
in a manner the most simple, and according to my idea, the best calculated 
for real service. 

I am, Gentlemen, 
To the parish of New Cheshire. Your most obedient Servant, 

Charles Lee, 

Major General. 
Superscribed : 

To | the Gentlemen of the Parish | of | New Cheshire. 

From | Gen 1 Lee. 

II. Henry Knox to Henry Jackson. 

24 miles from Peekskill Camp, Ranepaugh, N. Jersey, 

19 July, 1777. 
Dear Henry, 

I received your agreeable Letter pr: the post, — be assured my 
good friend that every thing is done by his Excellency to obtain intelli- 
gence that is possible, and that there is no occasion to repine on that head : 
perhaps it is impossible to know the enemys General's secret intentions, 
but you gather as much from consequences and preparations as the secret 
intentions, provided the measures are compared and duly weighed by 
persons of judgement. The fear you discover on this head betrays a want 
of confidence which is not warranted by anything that has past — pray what 
advantages or precautions could have been taken by his Excellency that 
were not taken even suppose we thought the enemy were not going to 
Philadelphia. For my part I know of none — not the shadow of one — but 
my dear Harry don't suffer such sentiments to possess your mind — they 
are the sentiments of a caviling committee man. 

The enemy have not yet discovered their future Operations by any pre- 
paratory steps — the fleet lays at Staten Island every thing aboard and from 
the provisions and stores they have taken in they may be going to Phila- 
delphia, N. England, or the North River, from the circumstances either 
may be argued with propriety. 

But from the Consideration of the importance of the object, the certainty 
of Reinforcements, my opinion is they will push either up the North or 
East River which may ensure the same end of manoeuvring us out of the 
highlands — not that I think the matter easy, on the Contrary if we get our 
whole force to oppose their whole force I think the event impracticable. 

N. England must exert herself to Crush Burgoyne; if she does not 
Desolation and Destruction are the Consequences, the post is just going so 
that I am, Your most affectionate friend, 

Superscribed : H. Knox. 

" Colonel Henry Jackson | Boston." 

III. John Sullivan to John Laurens. 

Head Quarters 13 August, 1778. 
My Dear Sir, 

To Struggle against a Series of Misfortunes, to Combat with all 
| the Elements and at the same time to project the most Hazardous Enter- 
prises, while it commands the acknowledgement of all, it excites my admira- 

VOL. XLY. 15 



174 Letters of Actors in the Revolutionary War. [April, 

tion & Demands my most Cordial thanks. The scheme you propose would 
be very advantageous and might doubtless be Crowned with Success could 
you be reinforced with a Body of Men to Support you : but my Dear Sir, 
Though my Numbers are great my Situation is miserable, my men mostly 
without Covering, their Arms rendered useless & Ammunition Destroyed. 
Their Healths and Spirits much Sunk & impaired by their present 
Situation. The Communication with the main Rendered impracticable by 
the violence of the wind & of Course no Rum or provisions can be obtained 
for them. — Under these Circumstances You cannot be properly supported & 
should you fail in the attempt the Troops will Loose all Spirit and a Re- 
treat will be inevitable — I therefore think that we must wait till the Raging 
Elements are Lulled to Sleep before we take any measures but for our own 
Security. The moment the weather abates I will send over the Reinforce- 
ments ordered yesterday — at present they would Ruin their Arms in Coming. 

I am with much Esteem my Dear Sir 
Your most obed* Servant, 
Lt: Col: Laurens. Jn° Sullivan. 

IV. Artemas Ward to the Massachusetts Committee of Safety. 

Head Quarters June 14, 1775. 
Gent 11 . 

I should be glad that a quantity of Cartridges might be immediately 
sent to the Park at Richardsons as there is a great demand for them, & 
Six Casks of loose Powder to Maj: Barber (if not already delivered) to be 
kept in the store at Cambridge. 

I am Gent : Your humble Servt : 

To the Gentlemen of the Committee \ of) Artemas Ward. 

Safety in \ Watertown. j 



V. Friedrich Adolph Riedesel to Thomas Jefferson. 

Cotte 19 June 1779. 



Sir 



The happiness I have had in becoming acquainted with you, and 
the many kindnesses I received of you during your short residence at' 
Montichelli, induces me to present you these lines, and my most perfect 
congratulations on your new Charge as Governor of Virginia, as much 
Pleasure as it is possible for this event to give you. Such on your account 
I feel on the occasion, having only to struggle against the great dissatisfac- 
tion of being deprived for the future of your pleasing Society, which 
formerly rendered our abode at Cotte so much more agreeable : Madame 
de Riedesel joins her congratulations to mine and sends her best Compli- 
ments and respects to Your Lady, but cannot help lamenting the loss oi 
Her good Friend Mrs. Jefferson when she sees Montichelli. 

Captain Blirlling will send your Excellency this Letter. He is sen! 
down to Richmond by me, to take charge of the Transport of the remaindei 
of the Baggage in that Place belonging to the Germau Troops under thcl 
Convention of Saratoga. I particularly recommend him to your Excellency* 
protection, being persuaded you will give him every necessary assistance 
to accomplish his Commission. 

I have the Honor to be, with the most perfect respect, 

Your Excellencys most obedient humble Servant, 

His Excellency Governor Jefferson. Riedesel, Major General. 



1890.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. 175 

VI. Charles Scott to William Davis. 

Cum d . Old Courthouse 
Dear Col . October 28, 1782. 

Your favour of the 25 Instant Respecting the Removal of the troops 
to Winchester & my ordering the Recruiting Officers to that place with their 
men I rec d yesterday. I have to ask the favour of you to inform Govern- 
ment that it will Be impossible for me to give the Notice Required to the 
Recruiting officers without Sending Express to every individual, the want 
of money puts that also out of my power. I would therefore think it 
advisable that the Executive Publish it in the papers for two or three 
weeks — in the meantime I will Watch every possible opportunity to give 
them information — I wish You to inform His Excellency the Governor that 
the Officers appointed to Recruit in this & the County of Cumberland has 
made use of all the money they drew from the County Lieut 8 and that the 
men from the So. Army whose times are Expired is now within four days 
march of this place. Many of them may be Reenlisted if money Could be 
had. I would therefore wish his Excellency to Give orders in favor of me 
on the officers appointed to Recruit in Chesterfield, Goochland, Amelia & 
Albermarle or any other officer who has not Been successful for a part of 
the money in their hands that I may throw it in the hands of those at this 
post or else where as occasion May Require — I am Extremly Anxious 
about this matter, the men will shurly be Clear in four or five Days 
without an Accident, pray speak to His Exc y feelingly on this Subject that 
this or some other method be adopted to reeulist the men. they are worth 
our attention. 

I am Dear Col , 
Colo. Davis. Your ob' Servant, 

Superscribed : Col . William Davis | Ch 8 Scott. 

Richmond | On public Service. 



LETTERS OF COL. THOMAS WESTBROOK 
AND OTHERS, 

RELATIVE TO INDIAN AFFAIRS IN MAINE. 
Communicated by William Blake Trask, A.M., of Dorchester. 
[Continued from page 32.] 

Journal. 

N: Yarmouth, may 6 th 1723. 

WROTE orders to Cap tn Wheelwright att Arrowsik to Come heither 
with what men he had with him of his Company, in Order to pro- 
ceed to Wells, thear to Joyn and take under his Care and Comand U Molton 
with y e party of men that are thear with him in a Scout, from thence to 
Berwick &c. 

This Day Ordered Cap* 11 Sandars, now att arrowsik, to Sail directly for 
S Georges, and thare take in y e province arms that are with y e armorer 



176 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others. [April, 

mended and fit for Servis and Return back to Georgtown and Deliver them 
to M r Edmond* Mountfort, taking his Receip*. 

Wrote Cap*" Carlile, Adviseing him that I had rece'd from his Hon 1 " y* 
Lu l Gov r a Commission for him as Cap tn of Cap tn Temples Company, which 
I should Deliver him on my Arival, in a few Days. 

Order* him, that on Cap 1 Penhallows Return from his Scout, that he take 
y e Care and Charg of that party of men and Proceed on a Scout according 
to my former Instructions to him. 

Jeremiah Prickman, of my Company, being Sick with Convultion fitts 
and uncapable of Servis Is Discharg d . 

Wrote M* Edmund Mountfort, by Jacob Parker, who Came with publick 
Stores, Advised him that I had taken Oute som Quantety of Provitions for 
winter harbo r &c. 

Jacob Parker Dispatched; in the Eveing sail'd for falmoth, wheal* we 
ariv'd next Day, aboute P^leven a Clock. 

JNIay 7 th att Falmoth. I Proceeded Imediatly to view and Enquier into 
y e State of y e Several Garrisons in y e Town, and Ordered Cap tn Shiply to 
Post men att Each of them Respectively, as there was Ocation, for y e 
Securyty of y e Inhabitants. 

May 8 th Sail'd for winter Harbor (Cap tn Slocomb being left a shore sik), 
whear we ariv'd in the afternoon. Suply'd Cap 1 Ward with Provitions and 
Other Stores as he had Ocation for his Company. 

L* Dominicus Jourdan being hear, Suply'd him with 76 Days Provitions 
for 5 men posted att his Garrison att Spurwink. 

The 9 th Instant, Suply'd Richard Stimpson with provitions for 5 men, 
Posted att his Garrison, for 76 Days. 

This morning, before Day, Sam 11 Newton, one of Cap 1 Ward* Company, 
Going aboard the Sloop in a Gundilo, fell over board and was Drounded. 

I Proceeded to vissit y e Several Garrisons in the Town, being accom- 
pany'd with y e principal part of y e Inhabitants, with whom I Consulted y* 
Properest methods to be taken for y e Securyty of the Inhabitants, Returning 
thr° y e woods to m r Sam 11 Jourdans. On my Return, Gave Cap 1 Ward The 
following Orders, to post men att Several Garrisons, as Follows — 

Cap* Ward, 
f S r Yow are hearby directed to see that 

► 17 men the several men mentioned in the Mar- 
gin be posted at y e Respective Garrisons 
hearin Named, Giveing them Orders and 
Directions that thay Obay the Comands of y e masters of ye Respective 
Garrisons wherin thay are posted, in doing thear Duty of watching and 



Viz [ M r Hiles 3 
| M r Stagpoles 4 

Att-^ M r Tarbox 4 
| M r Dyers 3 
Capt Sharp's 3 



* Mr. Edmund Mountfort, incorrectly given as Edward in the Register, arite, page 25, 
was probably son of Edmund, of Boston, tailor, who by wife Elizabeth had Edmund, bora 
July 11, 1664. 

At the close of the Denny note, page 30, for Mass. Arch. 57, read 51. 

t John Stackpole, in a petition, dated Boston, November, 1727, states, that on the 22d of 
January, 1724-5, he did "by order of Col Thomas Westbrook, take the Command of 
Twenty-one men at Biddeford and marcht up Saco River in pursuit of the Enemy, which 
Continued for nine days, & soon after his retain, on the first day of february following fg 
Pet r did by order of said Col Westbrook march as Pilot from Richmond to Penobscfi 
Town with Capt Joseph Heath, all which may sufficiently appear by a Journall* now in thel 
Secietarys office, signed by Col Westbrook, and for which service your Peti* has never| 
ree'd any pay." 

He therefore prays for an allowance. 

It was ordered that the sum of Eight Pounds be paid said Stackpole out of the Publick| 
Treasury. Mass. Arch. 72 : 302. 

* There is a later Journal of John Stackpole, dated 1755, iu the Mass. Arch. 3SA pp. 170, 171. 



1890.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others. Ill 

warding, untill further Orders, and not to absent themselves att any time 
withoute Liberty. 

And as to the Remaining part of Yo r Company, Yow are to Improve 
them in the best maner Yow Can for Security of y e Inhabitants, untill yow 
Shall Receive further Orders. 

Given Und r my hand, att Bideford, this 9 th of May 1723. T. W. 

The 10 th Current. 

Posted 4 men at Jn° Browns Garrison, at Saco falls, Suply'd him with 
provitions and Amunition. 

The 11 th two men of Cap* Ward 8 Company, Viz. Bryant Moulton, of Cape 
Codd, and Sollomon Babysuck an Indian of Sherburu being Deserted from 
the Servis 

Wrote advertisements and sent forward by Corpor 11 Murfy, Ordering 
him that In Case he should not overtake or hear of them to Proceed as far 
as Boston, and wait on his Hon 1- y e L* Govern 1 " with an Advertisement 
takeing his Orders for his Return to his post. 

Saboth Day may 12: this Proved Verry Stormy, the Revrend M r 
Eveleth* Preeched two Sermons att y e forte. 

13 th Current, wrote to y e Comishon Officers and Select: men of y e town, 
Desiering them to meet me att Lu* Jordans, this Day, in Order to Consult 
aboute som things of Consequence Refering to y e afairs of y c town. 

Bideford May 13 th The Commisshon officers and Select men met me 
according to my Desire, with whom I Confer'd aboute the afairs of the 
town and Garrisons according to y e Act of y e General Court, that I might 
Know the better how to Cover y e Inhabitants; thay answered me, that thay 
had not proceeded thearin according to s (1 Act. 

May 14 th I Went in a whale boat to Black point and Spurwink, Vissiting 
y e Garrisons there, to know y e Conditions thearof. Posted 4 men at W m 
Mitchels Garrison, and made up 5 men att L* Dominico 8 Jourdans Garrison, 
leveing orders with them to Keep a Strict watch and ward, and the men to 
obay thear Orders, and not absent themselves att any time withoutt thear 
liberty. The 15 th , proceeded to Casco, in a whale boat. 

The 16 th , Slocomb 8 Sloop Came in from Bideford. 

Falmouth, May 10 th 1723. 

Dismissed from y e Servis Several men that ware Sick, lame and unfit for 
Servis, by thear own Requests. Viz* Petter Richardson, Jacob Petterattock, 
Jn° Mullens, and Jn° Young, all of Cap* Shiplys Company, and furlow'd 
Jn° Church, of D° Company. 

Dismist Eliazer Collins of Cap* Barkers Company, and gave a furlo to 
benjeman Stimpson of Cap* Peter 8 Company, he having hired Jn° Ozburn 
to Stay in his Room. 

* Rev. John Evelcth, a graduate of Harvard College in the Class of 1689, settled in Stow, 
Mass., in the year 1700; the first pastor of the Church in that town. He was dismissed in 
1717. In 1719 he became minister of the Church in Arundel, now Kennebunkporf, Me. 
The town voted him £30 a year and fifty acres of land ; the next year the salary was in- 
creased to £50. Soon after this, the inhabitants of Arundel finding it difficult to raise the 
whole salary for Mr. Eveleth's support, arranged with the inhabitants of Winter Harbor 
to have him preach there one half the time. This division of pastoral labor may not have 
been carried on for any great length of time, for the minister proved to be too useful a per- 
son to be spared from the homes of the people of Arundel. In 1729, at his own request, 
the town dismissed him, though "very unwilling," says Bradbury, "he should leave 
them, as he was not only their minister and school-master, but a good blacksmith and 
farmer, and the best fisherman in town. He still resided here," the same writer continues, 
"in 1732." According to the College catalogue, his death occurred in the year 1734. — See 
Bradbury's Kennebunkport. 

VOL. XLV. 15* 



178 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. [April, 

Gave a furlo to Dan 11 Davis, of my Company, and Nath. Larrance of 
Cap 1 Peckers C°, Permited Lewis Lattarell, one of our poilots, to wait on 
his Ilono 1 ' y e L* Gov r having no further Servis for him for y e present, 
Recomended him to his Hon r that he had ben always Redy to Serve as pilot 
according to y e best of his knowledg &c. 

Gave orders and Directions to Cap* Wheelwright to Proceed to wells, 
and Joyn his L* Moulton, at wells, and to keep a Constant Scout from 
thence to Berwik and on y e bak of York, and wrote orders to L* Moulton 
to Joyn him and to proceed according to his Directions. 

Wrote Cap 1 Penhallow, to Send som men to Richmond, to Releive Lu* 
Oliver and the men with him, and advis d him that Doct r Moody, being Sent 
Down as one of y e Surgeons to ye forces and was to be suply'd oute of y e 
Publick Chest att Georgtown, Desired him to forward him what he Could 
in that matter ; Ordered him to send what men ware att Arrowsik, of Cap* 
Shiplys Company, to this place. 

May 17 th Wrote to Doc tr Ellis and Doc* Hill to Lett D r Moody be 
Suply'd with what he wanted out of y e Publick Chest and Dispatch him 
neither as soon as Possible. 

Aron Knap Dismis 4 , who belong d to Cap* Peckers Company, att his own 
Request: he being Lame. 

AVrote Cap 1 Barker to send a barr 11 of Porke, and Bread preportionable, 
to Maquoit Garrison. 

Falmoth, May 18 th Posted 3 men att James Flys House, att y e ferry at 
black point, and Wrote him the following Orders, Viz 1 . You are to take 
with you to Reside att Yo r house, Jn° Presberry, Tho s Harris, and Sampson 
Plumer, they are to watch and ward and help to tend y e Ferry when Yo r 
House is made Defencable, which they are Comanded to attend in doing of, 
Imediatly. 

Ordered Corp 11 Seavy to Send Ebenezer Seavy and Benjamin Larraby 
to Ro^er Dearin^s Garrison thear to Remain till Further Orders. 

Gave the following Instructions to Cap 1 Shiply and Cap 1 Gookin to take 
Care of Fallmoth &c. 

Gentlemen, I Direct Yow to take Care of the town of Falmoth, and 
Guard y e Inhabitants thearof, yow are to se that Strict watches and Wards 
be Kept, for y e Security of Them, and Yow are likewise to Keep a Con- 
tinewed Scout, between Pesumpscut River and Saco Falls, which must Con- 
sist of no Less than 20 men, and what more Yow can Spare, which Scoute 
must Sometimes way lay pesumpscut River. Lett fare Jornals of Yo r pro- 
ceading be Kept, and Copys thearof transmitted to me, once a fortnight, 
or as Soon as possible. You are likwise from time to [time to] Inspect the 
Garrisons in and Aboute Blak point, Spurwink, and perpadok.* Se that 
y° men posted in Them faithfully Do thear Dutty of watching and warding 
and Guarding the Inhabitants. And on Notice of y e Enemy approach, you 
are Imediatly to Endeavor to Intercept them and Relive y e Garrison or 
town tliay may attacke; and I Expect Yow be att y e head of s d Scouts as 
often as possible: and Yow have Liberty with s d Scout to Go to Berwick 



* Scarborough, seven miles from Portland, was formerly known as Black Point and 
Bine Point, the Latter now a part of Saco. 

The settlements at Falmouth called Spurwink and Purpooduck were entirely destroyed 
in August, 1703, twenty-two, it is stated, being killed and taken captive in Spurwink. 
Twenty-live of the inhabitants of Purpooduck, we are informed, were butchered in the 
most harbarous manner, and eight taken prisoners; a sail fate for the nine families of the 



place. 



1890.] Letters of CoL Thomas Wesibrooh and others, 179 

when you think it for the Security of The inhabitants, Not Tarrying above 
24 hours. Datted att Falmoth may 18 th 1723. T. W. 

To Cap* John Shiply ) 
and Dan 11 Gookin. j 

Wrote to his Hon 1 " y e Lu* Gov r 

May 19 th Wrote to y e Lu* Goven r , Incloasing my Journal to y c G th 
Current. 

Pray'd his Hon 1- in behalf of Capt n Shiply, to permit him to \_%o to] 
Boston; gave Doctor Ellis a permit to go to boston and wait on his Hon* 
y c Lu 1 Gouv r , p r Cap 1 Sanders' Sloop merry meting. Wrote Orders to 
Sanders to Sail for boston, Delivering my Letters as Directed, and wait on 
M r Treasurer Allen's further Orders. Datted at Fallmoth May 26 th 1723. 
Cap tn Sanders Sail'd; Lu 1 Oliver arriv'd y c 19 ,h Current from Richmond. 
Sent Ensign Cannada to North Yarmouth to bring Down 2 boats Crews, 
to whom I Gave, on his Arival, the 2G th the following Orders. 

Ensign Keneday, 

S r Yow are to proceed with 12 men und r your Care 
to black point, and take Six of the ablest men that is thear in Garrison, 
and for y e Space of 14 Days, or till I arrive, the first 2 Days yow must 
Scout betwen black point and Spur wink, and the Remaineing part of the 
time yow must aid and Assist y e Inhabitants, in Guarding them to get their 
Cattle and other nessesarys. While Yo r Scouts are Oute, Yow must se 
that Your men Observe trew Order and Dissipline. Datted att Falmoth, 
may 26 th 1723. 

The 21 st Ensign Kenaday went to black point, Carrying with him Do r 
Moody, to Vissit Capt Ward att Winter harbor. 

Ordered Jacob Parker to sail P r first fair wind with the Sik men that he 
had on board that I had Dismist and furlo d , that he should land L l Bean att 
York, and thence proceed to Boston and wait y e treasurers further Orders. 

22 d : Sent Lu*. Brintnal, to Small point,* with Leters to Serjant Card, 
&c. 

Lu*. Brintnal, Yow are on Sight hearof, to take 5 : men and a whale 
boat and proceed to Smal point Garrison and Deliver the Inclosed as Di- 
rected, and Return to me hear or Elce whare as I shall Leve orders with 
the Comandino; Oficer of This Place. 

Serj*. Card, 

on Recip* hearof, Yow are to muster the men with Yow, and 

* At a meeting of the proprietors of "The Pejepscot Company," in Boston, May 24th, 
1716, it was " Voted, That a Town be laid out at Small Point." This place " was on the 
shore of Small Point Harbor, near where Francis Small had had a trading-house, from 
which, with John Hanson and probably others, he was driven by the Indian War, about 
1690." " Captain John Pcnhallow was allowed three times the number of acres conceded 
to the other settlers," "if he would build a house thereon, take charge of the Company 
affairs," &c. 

On the 6th of Nov., 1717, the first Town Meeting was held, and the name given to the 
place was that of Augusta. See article entitled "Augusta: at Small Point Harbor," 
printed in "The Northern Monthly," pages 47o-478. Portland. September, 1864; also, 
ante, p. 28. 

An interesting extract from the Pejepscot Records, page 7, bearing on this point, may 
be found inserted in Coolidge and Mansfield's History and Description of Neio England, 
note, page 2o9. " Whereas, at a meeting of the Proprietors of Pejepscot, on the 23d 
of April, 1718, it was voted that there be allowed and granted to our partner, Oliver 
Noyes, Esq., his heirs and assigns, three hundred acres of land in Augusta township, which 
is comprehended within the limits of Georgetown " [that town then included the peninsula 
of Phipsburg] " in consideration of the expense and loss he has been at in settling said 
town." See also ante, page 28, note. 



180 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbroolc and others. [April, 

when Yow have taken oute 9 men to Stay att y e forte, Deliver the Rest to 
Lu*. Brintnall, who has Orders to Convey them to me; see Yow keep Good 
Watches and wards, and Dont Stir from yo r Garrison Till Further Orders, 
let y e men that come with Brintnal have three week allowance. 

Datted att Falmoth, may 22 d 1723. 

This Day, aboute noon, Came to Sail, and that night ariv'd att Small 
point Harbor. 

May 23. Brintnal Came on board of us, with 4 men from the Garrison, 
two belonging to Cap* Herman, and 2 to Cap tn Wheelwright. I went with 
2 boats with Cap*" Barker and Cap tn Tilton &c. to Georgtown, ordering 
the Sloop to Follow us. On our Arrival, I Gave Cap* Garble his Com- 
mision, and Gave him the Charg of Pekers Company, with the following 
Orders. 

S r . I Direct Yow to Send 1 G men to Richmond oute of Yo r Own and 
Cap tn Pekers Company, which when Called back must have as many Sent 
in thear Rooms, so that thare may be Constantly 16 left thear. Yow must 
likewise keep 4 boats Constantly on y e River, with 46 men out of y e Seve- 
ral Companys hear, and Yow must Direct them to Go Som times Round 
y e Island thr° monsweg Bay* and so to y e mouth of y e East River Opposite 
to Swan Island, f which Place or any Other yow think proper thay must 
way lay, and Scout Such other places as yow think for the Publick Servis. 
Trusting to Yo r Care and Conduct, S r I am Yo r asur'd Freind, T. W. 

To Cap tn Georg Carlile. 

To Lu*. John March. 

S r . Yow are Imediatly to Send to Richmond for the men under yo r 
Care thear, and on thear arival Victual hear for three weeks, and then Pro- 
ceed to Saco falls for further Orders, and for so Doing this shall be You r 
Warrant. T. W. 

We then went Down y e River in the boats to the Sloop and went to Sea, 
intending westward this Night, Proved Verry Stormy and we ware tos*: So 
that we Lost two whale boats from our Stern ; by Sun Rise we Came to 
Black point, hear I victual'd the Garrison and left Brintnal with 14 men 
to Joyn Ensign Kenada, as A Scout. I wrote y e following orders to m r 
Dearing. 

May The 24 th . 

S r . Please to take y e Charge of the men now posted at y r Garrison 
and hear after mentioned, so thay Keep a Strick* watch and ward, and 
theay are hearby Commanded to Observe the Directions thearin and Not 
to Stray from y e Garrison withoute Yo r order. Dated att Black Point, 
1723. ' T. W. 

Jn° Ashton, Benjamin Hastings, Richard Davis, 
Richard Page, and Jn° Orsburn. 

To M r Roger Dearing. 

* Sir William Phips, the first royal governor of the province of Massachusetts, and the 
commander of the first expedition against Canada, about 1G9;), was a native of Woolwich, 
having l>een born on a peninsular projection into Monsweag bay, in the southeast part, 
Feb. 2, 1650.— Coolidge and Mansfield's Hist, and Descrip. of New England, pp. 367, 363. 

The locution of Monseag Bay is described by Williamson (Hist, of Maine, I. 52). Arrow- 
sick and Parker's Islands southerly, and Woolwich and Jereinisquam Island, now West- 
port, northerly. 

f Swan island, in Kcnnebeck river, Sagadahoc county, fourteen miles north of Bath, 
formerly a part of Dresden, incorporated June 24, 1847, by the name of Perkins. The 
town is four miles long, by two hundred rods wide. They have a Board of Selectmen, 
Town Clerk, Board of Health, School Supervisor, High School, &e. The number of in- 
habitants, in 1880, was 78, being one of the smallest towns in population. Donham's 
Maine Register, Portland, 1889. 



1890.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbroolc and others. 181 

may 24 tn . We Proceeded to Cape porpos*, from whence I sent the 
2 men belonging to Cap* Harman and Capt Wheelrights, 2 men to wels, 
directing Cap* Wheelwright if he found the wind Contrary to proceed to 
wells. 

Cape Porpos may 24 th , 1723. 
I wrote the Following Order, To Lu*. Jn° Lane. 

S r Yow are hearby Directed to take the Charg of the men belonging to 
y e Company whearof yow are Lu*. and Observe these orders You shall 
Receive from Capt. Sam 11 Wheelright till Yow Receive further Orders. 

Yor 8 &c. T. W. 

May 25 th . I went with Capt. Barker and Cap 1 Til ton to View y c garri- 
sons and Victual'd them. 

25 th . This Day A Scooner Came into Cape Porpos and Enform'd me 
that thear porlot [pilot] and Skip 1- was Dead, on board, being Kil'd by the 
Indians at Montinicns-t We Sent for y e Crews on board who gave the 
Following Declaration, Viz* that thear Scooner lying in Company with a 
Sloop, the Indians in Cannoes fell upon them, aboute an hour before Day, 
and fired upon them sever 11 times, which they Returu'd, that thay had kil'd 
one Frd. Pollard, of Ipswich, and Benjamin Majory, of Cape porpos. Be- 
leiving that there was a body of Indians, I acquainted his Hon r . the Lu*. 
Gover. with this, by One Bego, who I ordered to have 2 hands as a Guard 
to wels, and sent word to Capt. Wheelwright to be on his Guard. We 
sail'd this Night from Cape porpos to Winter harbor. 

May 27 th . I sent word to Capt. Ward of The Disaster that hapned att 
mentinicos, with Orders to be on his Guard, then we Sail'd to blackpoint. 
I sent word to the Garrisons and Scouts thear; form thence I went to 
Spurwink whear I order'd them Likewise to be on their Guard and Victual'd 
Mitchels Garrison, and then Sail'd to Falmoth, and Arived thear that 
Night. Lu*. March ariv'd hear from Georgtown. 
May 28 th . 

This morning I wrote to N. Yarmouth, Small point, Georgtown, 
maquoit, and Brunswick, aquainting Them of what hapned att montinicos, 
and Gave them Orders to be on thear Guard, Directing Cap 1 . Carlile to 
Send News thearof to Richmond. 

This being his Majesty King Georges Birth Day, we keep* it with all 
y e Demonstrations of Joy, and Drink towards his Majesties Helth, y e 
Prince and Princes, with all the Royal Famaly, The Gouer 8 and Gentle- 
mens helths in Order. 

On Enoch Leonard 8 Request, I permited him to wait on his Hon r 
the Lu* Gov r . 

Falmoth 28:1723. 

I wrote to Lu* March, to Take up his Quarters att Cap* 11 
Wheal right's Garrison and ly on y e back of The Garrisons from Wheal- 
wrights to Littlefeilds Garrison, att Kenebunk River, and once a fortnight 
to Scout to Saco falls &c. 

May 29 th . Cap* Ward. 
For what men Yow Can Spare and are not Yett posted Lett them be att 
y e fall att Saco as a Guard till yow Recive further Orders. I am, Yo" 

T. W. 

* Afterwards Arundel, now Kennebunkport. 

f " Matinicus Island is another such as Monhegan, situate 17 miles south of Owl's head, 
and 10 east of Metinic." " The main passage into Penobscot bay from the sea is between 
Matinieus and the Green Islands." Williamson's Maine, I. 63. 



182 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. [April, 

S r . I Direct You to Victual att Casco, When yo r Provition is Oute, 
and then with the whaleboats and the whole Scout make the best of Yo r 
way to me att Georg Town, Thear to Recive further Orders. 

Dated att Falmoth, May 29, 1723. 
To Ensign Keneda, att T. W. 

Black Point. 

Georgtown, May 30 th 1723. 

Aboute Noon, ariv'd with M r Slocum from Casco Bay. 

y e 31 st . A Raw, Northerly Storm of Rain. 

Ensign Maggoon Arriv'd from Brunswick, who afirms and Declares, 
that as thay Came Down thay went a Shore on an Island, in the Chops of 
the bay, whear thay Espy'd a pine tree, newly Cutt Down aboute 2 or 3 
Days Since as he Judg d , and Nigh to that, was a Birch Pole sett up, the 
top being Split, and a piece of Birch Rind Stuck in it, and 60 Notches 
wear Cutt in s d pole, and on y e Stump of s d tree wear 3 midling stones 
Newly Lay'd, and likewise thear had been latly a fier made on s d Island, 
Near the place. By all w ch it cannot but be Judged that thear has been a 
Considerable Body of Indians of Late on s d Island. 

Georgtown, may 31 th , 1723. 
The aboue Written Declaration being made and affirm'd by Ensign Ma- 
gown and Thomas Motherwel on their arivall from Brunswick to this place, 
it was tho* Proper to make an allarm to Give notis to y e Inhabitants West- 
ward, that thay might be on thear Guard, In as much as The present Storm 
Prevents our Sending Either by land or watter, Neither Can we at pre- 
sent by any Means follow or persue after them. T. W. 
Georgtown, May 31'*, 1723. Present 

Fra: Barker 
Georg Carlile 
Jacob Tilton 
Jn° Butler 

Lu 1 . Allen, Georgtown, may 31 st , 1723. 

S r on Sight hearof, Yow are to Draw outt all y e men under 
yo r Comand att Richmond Garrison, Except 25 to be left under the Care 
of m r Colby, and Order him to Stand on his Guard till Further Orders: 
and with The Rest, Yow are to proceed to Stevenses Carrying, bring with 
Yow 7 Days Provitions and Not Less then a pound of Pouder to Eatch 
man, and ball answerable; faill not of being thear as Soon as the wether 
will permit, and place Yo r Selves in the most Likely places yow Can to 
Intercept y e Indians. I purpose to meet yow att s d Place as Soon as the 
wether will allow of it, w th a party of men. Given under my hand, 

T. W. 

P.S. Ensign Magown, being newly ariv'd from Brunswik in a whale 
boat, brings word, that they went a Shore on an Island in the Chops of the 
bay, whear they Espyed a pine tree, Newly Cutt Down, and a birch pole 
Set up by it, haveing 60 Notches Cut in it, y e top of it Split, and a peice 
of birch Rind Stuck in it, and Nigh to the s d a fier had ben made, all tho* 
to be Don aboute 2 or 3 days agone, on which I Caused an allaram to be 
made, that all might have Notis to be on thear Guards. 

V Sam 1 Eaton, Georgtown, May 31 : 1723. 

S r . on Sight hearof, yow are to Draw outt 8 of yo r Efective men, 
and Send them Imediatly, with 7 Days Provition and Eatch a pound of 






1890.] Rev. Nicholas Street and his Descendants. 183 

pond' and ball answerable to Stevens' Carrying place, in order to Joyn L* 
Allen, who is Now thear. Give yo r men Strict Orders Not to Keep y e 
path with y ( Rest of Yo r men. Yow are to keep verry Strict Guards and 
Look outt Sharp. Given under my hand, T. W. 

P.S. — advise him y u same as to Lu* Allen aboute magown Declaration. 

May 31, 1723. 
Ordered Cap 1 Carlile and L 1 Butler, to fill oute 42 men with a week 
Provition and Animation to be Ready to march with me p r first fare 
wether, up the River, in Quest of the Enemy that was Suposed to be past. 
p r Ensign Magowna [nformation, 

Serjant Leonard ariv'd in a whale boat from S l Georges Garrison 
with Bryant Tool, who has been long Sik ; advises that Serja* Miehal 
Thomas, and one Cory, Dyed thear within aboute a fortnight. No new- 
thear of the Enemy. 

June 1 : I went up with Capt. Barker, Capt. Carlile, and Cap 1 " Tilton, 
and Ensign Wright, with 40 men in 4 whaleboats, to the Island In the 
Chaps of the bay, wheat' Ensign Maggown made y c Discovery of Signs of 
the Indians haveing ben thear very Lately. 

We Could Not J adg their had ben any Indians So lately as Was tho* 
by Our men. From [thence] We proceeded to Stevenses Carrying Place, 
but Could make No Discovery, nor see Any Signs of Indian-. 

Saboth Day, The Second of June The Reverend M r Pierponte Preach' 
2 Sermons, from Ezekiel 20: 36: 37. 

Georgtown, June y c 8 d , \~'l'-). 

Ordered Cap*" Carlile to Send a Scout of 30 men thro y e woods to 
Brunswick, to Endeavor to Discover whither any Indians had Not past 
that way. 

Wrote his hon r the Lu* Gove 1- in answer to his Last letters, Incloasing a 
Distribution of The forces att this present time according to his Directions. 

The 4 th att Night, Sent oute 30 men und r the Care of Lu 1 Brintnal and 
Ensign Cannada, in 3 whale boats, in Order to Way lay the Indians in 
thear Passing and Repassing in Monsweek bay, whare they are Ordered to 
Ly Still in their Boats Till Break of Day, and Then Retire. 

Georgetow[n], June 4, 1723. 

Mass. Archives, 38 A, pages 22-41. Tno 9 Westurook. 

[To be continued.] 



REV. NICHOLAS STREET AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 

By Henry A. Street, Esq., of New Haven, Ct. 

1. Rev. Nicholas 1 Street or Streete came from Taunton, England. 
The place of his birth is unknown. He was matriculated at the 
University of Oxford, Nov. 2, 1621, and is then described as eigh- 
teen, and as from Somersetshire. He received the degree of 
B.A. at Oxford, Feb. 21, 1624-5. About 1638 he was settled at 
Taunton in the Plymouth Colony, now in Massachusetts, as col- 
league with Rev. William Hooke. Lechford (Plain Dealing, p. 



184 Rev. Nicholas Street and his Descendants. [April, 

96) says, that Mr. Streete was ordained Teacher of the Church, 
by Master Hooke, assisted by Bishop, a schoolmaster, and one Par- 
ker a husbandman. 

Mr. Street followed Mr. Hooke to New Haven, where he took 
the latter's place as colleague of Rev. John Davenport, Sept. 26, 
1659. After Mr. Davenport was called to Boston, Sept. 27, 1667, 
he had sole charge of the First Church till his own death, April 22, 
1674, when for eleven years there was no settled pastor. By his 
1st wife, whose maiden name is said to have been Poole, he had five 
children. His 3d wife was widow of Gov. Newman. Children : 

2. i. Samuel, 2 b. 1635 ; m. Nov. 3, 1664, Anna Miles. He d. Jan. 17, 1717. 

She d. July 19, 1730. 

ii. Susannah, m. Mason. 

iii. Sarah, m. 1662, James Heaton. 

iv. Abiah, m. Sept. 28, 1664, Daniel Sherman. Had 3 children. 

v. Hannah, m. Andrews. 

2. Rev. Samuel 2 Street (Nicholas 1 ) was graduated from Harvard Col- 

lege 1664, one of the first settlers of Wallingford. Installed 
1674, first pastor there, and remained till his death, Jan. 17, 1717. 
Married Nov. 3, 1664, Anna, daughter of Richard and Katherine 
Miles. She died July 19, 1730. Children : 

i. Anna, 3 b. at New Haven, Aug. 17, 1665 ; d. before her father. 

3. ii. Samuel, b. at New Haven, July 27, 1667 ; m. 1st, Nov. 1, 1684, Madeline 

Daniels ; m. 2d, July 14, 1690, Hannah Glover, d. July 3, 1715 ; m. 
3d, Dec. 20, 1716, Elizabeth . Had 3 children by his 1st mar- 
riage and 7 by bis 2d. 

iii. Mary, b. at New Haven, Sept. 6, 1670. 

iv. Susanna, b. at Wallingford, June 15, 1675 ; m. Dea. John Peck, May 
23, 1694. 

4. v. Nicholas, b. at Wallingford, July 14, 1677; m. Jerusha Morgan, 
vi. Katherine, b. at Wallingford, Nov. 29, 1679 ; m. Joshua Culver, 
vii. Sarah, b. at Wallingford, Jan. 15, 1681 ; m. Theophilus Yale. 

3. Lieut. Samuel 3 Street (Samuel, 2 Nicholas 1 ), born at New Haven, 

July 27, 1667; married 1st, Nov. 1, 1684, Madeline Daniels; 2d, 
July 14, 1690, Hannah Glover, died July 3, 1715; 3d, Dec. 20, 
1716, Elizabeth . Children by 1st marriage: 

i. Samuel, 4 b. Nov. 3, 1685 ; d. . 

ii. James, b. Dec. 28, 1686; m. Rebecca Scoville, Sept. 6, 1731, and had 

2 children : Samuel,* b. Sept. 6, 1732 ; James, b. Sept. 14, 1733. 
iii. Anna, b. Aug. 26, 1688. 

Children by 2d marriage: 

iv. Eleanor, b. Dec. 3, 1690. 

5. v. Nathaniel, b. Jan. 19, 1692; m. Mary Raymond, Nov. 25, 1719. 

6. vi. Elnathan, b. Sept. 2, 1695; m. Damaris Hull, February, 1721-2. 
vii. Mary, b. April 16, 1698; m. John Hall, of Wallingford, March 5, 

1716. 
viii. Mehitable, b. Feb. 15, 1699 ; m. Abraham Bassett, Feb. 2, 1720. 
ix. John, b. Oct. 25, 1703; m. Hannah Hall, June 9, 1734. 

7. x. Samuel, b. May 10, 1707; m. 1st, Keziah Munson, Nov. 12, 1734; 2d, 

Sarah At water. 

4. Nicholas 8 Street (Samuel, 2 Nicholas 1 ) was a tailor, lived at Groton. 

Twice appointed deputy. Married Jerusha Morgan, April 22, 1707. 
Had three children, perhaps more : 

8. i. James, 4 b. Feb. 10, 1708 ; m. 1st, Kesiah Hayes ; 2d, Emblem Hood, 
ii. Elizabeth, b. April 24, 1709; m. Smith; no children. 

iii. Jerusha, b. 1715; in. Thomas Starr; had 4 children. 






1890.] Rev. Nicholas Street and his Descendants. 185 

5. Nathaniel 4 Street (Samuel? Samuel? Nicholas 1 ), born Jan. 19, 

1692; married Nov. 25, 1719, Mary Raymond. He died Sept. 24, 

1748. Children: 

i. Samuel, 6 b. Oct. 13, 1720. 

ii. Hannah, b. Sept. 8, 1722; m. Eliakim Raymond, Nov. 27, 1740. 

iii. Timothy, b. Dec. 1, 1723. 

9. iv. John, b. July 22, 1728; m. Hannah Jarvis; d. Aug. 27, 1808. 

v. Ebbnezer, b. Nov. 1, 1735; went to Canada about 1780. 

6. Elnathan 4 Street (Samuel? Samuel, 3 Nicholas 1 ), born Sept. 2, 

1695; married Damaris Hull, February, 1721-2. He and his wife 
both died the same year, 1787. Children: 

i. Benjamin,* b. May 18, 1723. 

ii. Samuel, b. Jan. 10, 1725; d. Jan. 18, 1725. 

iii. Samuel, b. Dec. 8, 1728. 

10. iv. Nicholas, b. Feb. 21, 1730; m. 1st, Desire Thompson, Dec. 6, 1758; 

2d, Hannah Austin, April 24, 176G. 
v. Elnathan, b. Feb. 20, 1732. 

vi. Anna, b. Feb. 16, 1730 ; m. Theophilus Jones 2d, May 24, 1757. 
vii. Mary, b. June 28, 1738; m. Samuel Davenport, 17GG. 

11. viii. Jesse, b. April 24, 1741 ; m. Lois Cook. He d. March 7, 1784. 

7. Samuel 4 Street (Samuel? Samuel? Nicholas 1 ), born May 10, 1707; 

d. 1792; married 1st, Keziah Munson, Nov. 12, 1734; 2d, Sarah 

Atwater, who died Oct. 1, 1795, age 68. Child by 1st marriage: 

i. Glovek, 5 1). May 27, 1735; m. 1755, Lydia Allen, of North Haven, 
d. Nov. 28, 1826. 

Children by 2d marriage : 

ii. Titus, b. June 4, 1750; m. Amaryllis Atwater, of Cheshire. 

iii. Caleb, b. Oct. 23, 1753 ; m. 1st, Hall ; 2d, Susannah Whittlesey [?] 

8. James 4 Street (Nicholas? Samuel? Nicholas*), born Feb. 10, 1708; 
married 1st, Kesiah Hayes; 2d, Emblem Hood. Children by 1st 
marriage : 

i. Son, 5 d. aged about 9 years. 

ii. Catherine, m. James Morgan, 1758 ; d. Nov. 25, 1774, aged 39. 

iii. Jerusha, m. John Woodman. 

iv. Hannah, m. Joseph Bailey, Sept. 23, 1781. 

v. Elizabeth, m. David Lester. 

vi. Zipporaii, m. Thomas Starr. 

vii. MiCAn, m. Henry AVoodbridge. 

viii. Sally, m. Jonathan Bailey. 

Children by 2d marriage: 

ix. Mary, d. Oct. 8, 1776, aged 20. 

x. Susannah, unmarried; cl. May 28, 1830, aged 74 years. 

John* Street (Nathaniel? Samuel? Samuel? Nicholas 1 ), born July 
22, 1728; married Hannah Jarvis; died Aug. 27, 1808. Children : 

i. Sarah. 6 

ii. Nathaniel Jarvis, b. Jan. 20, 1758; m. 1st, Jane Nash; 2d, Hannah 
Nash; 3d, Esther Warren. 

iii. John, b. Oct. 2, 1759: m. Nov. 28, 1812, Sylvia Bressey; d. Dec. 13, 
1833. 

iv. Polly. 

v. David, b. June 16, 1765; m. 1st, Khoda Morehouse; 2d, Sarah Law- 
rence ; 3d, Anna Knapp. 

vi. Anna. 

vii. JosEPn, b. July 22, 1768; m. 1788, Jerusha Taylor ; d. April 26, 1813. 

viii. Greenleaf, b. March 25, 1771; m. Susan Whitney, Dec. 28, 1794; 

d. April 20, 1853. 
VOL. XLIV. 16 



9. 



186 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

10. Rev. Nicholal 5 Street (fflnalhan* Samuel, 9 Samuel, 2 Nicholas 1 ), 

married 1st, Desire Thompson, Dec. 6, 1758; 2d, Hannah Austin, 
April 24, 1766. 

i. Eunicia, 6 b. Oct. 27, 1759 ; m. 1783, Eev. Stephen Stebbins ; d. Aug. 

17, 1817. 

ii. Desire, b. Aug. 16, 1761 ; m. 1779, John Morris, 
iii. Lucinda, b. July 17, 1763; m. 1st, Darius Hiscock; 2d, Titus Ailing; 
3d, Theophilus Miles. 

Children by 2d marriage : 

iv. Hannah, b. March 8, 1767; m. Reuben Moulthrop, Nov. 18, 1792; d. 

Jan. 15, 1820. 
v. Moses Augustine, b. Jan. 29, 1769; d. May 3, 1769. 
vi. Moses Augustine, b. April 5, 1770; m. Lois Smith, 1797; d. Feb. 

24, 1824. 
vii. Nicholas, b. March 22, 1772 ; m. Betsy Morris, 
viii. Elnathan, b. Feb. 16, 1774; m. Clarissa Morris, 
ix. Justine Washington, b. Nov. 4, 1772 ; m. Annie Whidden, March 

18, 1802 ; d. May, 1830. 

x. Maiiy, b. Oct. 6, 1782 ; m. (2d wife) William Storer ; d. May 12, 1836. 

11. Jesse 5 Street (fflnathan, 4 Samuel, 3 Samuel, 2 Nicholas 1 ), born April 

24, 1741; married Lois Cook. Children: 

i. Sarah, 6 b. 1776. 

ii. Horatio Gates, m. Lois Holt. 

iii. Thaddeus, m. 1st, Mary Hall, Nov. 25, 1801 ; 2d, Martha D. Rey- 
nolds, Dec. 17, 1823. 

iv. Benjamin, m. Polly Bradley. 

v. Lucretia, m. Joel Hall, Feb. 4, 1793. 

vi. Anna, d. June 19, 1792, aged 17. 

vii. Lois, b. 1784 ; m. Dr. George Holloway. 

<HT Any genealogical items can be sent to Mrs. Mary A. Street, Corres- 
ponding Secretary of the Street Family Association of England and 
America, Exeter, N. H., U. S. A. 



GENEALOGICAL GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND. 

By Henry F. Waters, A.M. 
[Continued from page 99.] 

Willi'm Penne of Myntie in the County of Gloucester, Yeoman ; 1 May 
1590, proved 21 April 1592. My body to be buried within the parish 
church, chancel or churchyard of Minty where my frieuds shall think meet. 
To the poor of said parish twenty shillings. 

Item I give and bequeath unto Giles, William, Mary, Sara and Susanna 
Penn, being the children of my late son William Penn, deceased, twenty 
pounds apiece, at age of twenty one or day of marriage each. To Margaret 
Penn, widow, late wife to William Penn my son deceased, ten pounds, to be 
paid yearly during her natural life, at the Feast of the Annunciation of the 
Virgin Mary and St. Michael the Archangel, by equal portions, if she shall 
and do so long keep herself sole and chaste and unmarried. The said 
Margaret Penn, my daughter in law, and my overseers shall have the whole 
charge, rule and government of my heir and of all the rest of the children 



1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 187 

which were the sons and daughters of William Perm, my son deceased, and 
of all such lands and tenements and hereditaments and of all such goods 
and chattels as 1 shall leave at my death till such time as my heir shall ac- 
complish and be of the full age of twenty one years. The rest of all my 
goods &c I give and bequeath to George Penn, being the eldest son of 
William Penn, my late son deceased, whom I do make my sole executor of 
this my last will and testament. The overseers to be M r Robert George 
of Cirencester and Richard Lawrence of Withingeton in the County of 
Gloucester Gen 1 , and Francis Bradshawe of Wokesey in the County of 
Wiltshire Gen 1 . 

I further give to Richard Bidle one cow and to his daughter Katherine 
Bidle one heifer of two years of age. Also I give to my daughter Ann 
Greene one heifer and to Elizabeth Greene one heifer, each of them to be 
two years old. I give to William Mallibrooke one yearling heifer. And 
likewise I lastly give to Alice Sherinor my old white mare. 

Wit: Francis Bradshewe gen 1 , William Tailer and Richard Munden with 
others. Harrington, 31. 

Sir William Penn of London, Knight, 20 January 16G9, proved 6 
October 1670 by William Penn. To be buried in the parish church of 
Redcliffe in the City of Bristol, near the body of my dear mother deceased 
as conveniently may be. And my will is that there shall be erected in the 
said church, as near unto the place where my body shall be buried as the 
same can be contrived, an handsome and decent tomb to remain as a monu- 
ment, as well lor my said mother as for myself, the charges thereof to be 
defrayed by my executor, hereafter named, out of my personal estate. To 
my dear wife Dame Margaret Penn, immediately after my decease, three 
hundred pounds sterling, together with all my Jewells, other than what I 
shall herein after particularly devise, and the use, during her life, of one 
full moiety of all my plate and household stuff' and all such coaches and 
coach horses or coaeh mares and all such cows as 1 shall happen to leave. 
To my younger son Richard Penn four thousand pounds sterling, together 
with my fawcett dyamond ring and all my swords, guns & pistols; the said 
four thousand pounds to be paid him at his age of one & twenty and not 
sooner. And until he shall arrive at the said age my executor shall pay 
unto my said son Richard, out of my personal estate, the yearly sum of one 
hundred twenty pounds, for his support and maintenance, and no longer. 
To my dear granddaughter Margaret Lowther one hundred pounds ster- 
ling. I give unto my two nephews James Bradshaw and William Marke- 
ham, to each of them ten pounds sterling. Unto my two nephews John 
Bradshaw and George Markeham, to each five pounds sterling. Unto my 
cousin William Penn, son of George Penn, late of the parish of Brayden in 
the County of Wilts, gentleman, deceased, ten pounds sterling. To my 
cousin Eleanor Keeue the yearly sum of six pounds during her life. To 
my late servant William Bradshaw forty shillings, to buy him a ring. To 
my servant John Wrenn five pounds sterling. To the poor of the parish 
of Redcliffe twenty pounds sterling. To the poor of S' Thomas, Bristol, 
twenty pounds sterling. To my eldest son William Penn my gold chain 
and medall, with the rest and residue of all and singular my plate, house- 
hold stuff, goods, chattels & personal estate not herein before devised, as 
also the said goods and premisses devised to be used by my said dear wife, 
during her life, from and after the decease of my said wife. My son 
William to be sole executor, and I appoint him at my funeral to give 



188 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

mourning unto my said dear wife, my said son Richard, my daughter 
Margaret Lowther and my son in law Anthony Lowther, the husband of 
my said daughter, and unto Dr. Whistler and his wife &c. And although 
I cannot aprehend that any differences can fall out or happen between my 
said dear wife and my said son William, after my decease, in relation to any 
thing by me devised or limited by this my will, or in relation to any other 
matter or thing whatsoever, yet, in case any such difference should arise, I 
do hereby request and desire and, as in me lyeth, require, conjure and 
direct my said dear wife and my said son William, by all the obligations of 
duty, affection and respect which they have and ought to have to me and 
my memory, that all such differences, of what nature or kind soever they 
shall be, by the joynt consents and submission of my said dear wife and my 
said son William be at all times and from time to time referred to the arbi- 
tration & final judgment and determination of my worthy friend Sir William 
Coventry of the parish of S l Martin in the Fields, in the County of 
Middlesex &c. 

Wit: R. Langhorne, John Radford, William Markham. 

On the margin of the leaf appears the following : — Quinto Aprilis 1671° 
Recepi Testuin orile dni Willimi Penn defti e Reg ro Curiae Prerogative 
Cantuar g me W m Penn. 

Testibus Car Tuckyr Ri: Edes. Penn, 130. 

I William Penn Esq. so call e d Chief Proprietary and Governor of the 
Province of Pensilvania and the Territories thereunto belonging being of 
sound mind and understanding for which I bless God doe make and declare 
this my last Will and Testament My eldest son being well provided for 
by a Settlement of his mothers and my fathers estate I give and dispose of 
the rest of my estate in manner following The Government of my 
Province of Pensilvania and Territories thereunto belonging and all powers 
relating thereunto I give and devise to the most Honorable the Earl of 
Oxford and Earle Mortimer and to Will Earle Poulet so call'd and their 
heires upon trust to dispose thereof to the Queen or any other person to 
the best advantage and profit they can to be applied in such manner as I 
shall herein after direct. I give and devise to my dear wife Hannah Penn 
and her fFather Thomas Callowhill and to my good fFriends Margaret 
Lowther my dear sister and to Gilbert Heathcote Physician Samuel Wal- 
denfield John ffield Henry Goldney all living in England and to my 
fFriends Samuel Carpenter Richard Hill Isaac Norris Samuel Preston 1 and 
James Logan living in or near Pensilvania and their heirs all my Lands 
tenements and hereditaments whatever rents and other profitts scituate lying 
and being in Pensilvania and the Territories thereunto belonging or else- 
where in America upon Trust that they shall sell and dispose of so much 
thereof as shall be sufficient to pay all my just debts and from and after 
payment thereof shall convey unto each of the three children of my son 
William Penn Gulielma Maria Springett and William respectively and to 
their respective heirs ten thousand acres of Land in some proper and 
beneficial places to be let out by my Trustees aforesaid all the rest of my 
lands and hereditaments whatsoever scituate lying and being in America I 
will that my said Trustees shall convey to and amongst my children which 
I have by my present Wife in such proportions and for such estates as my 
said Wife shall think fit but before such conveiance shall be made to my 
said children I will that my said Trustees shall convey to my daughter 
Aubry whom I omitted to name before ten thousand acres of my said lands 






1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 189 

in such places as my Trustees shall think fitt all my personall Estate in 
Pensilvania and elsewhere and arreers of rent due there I giue to my said 
dear Wife whom I make my sole executrix for the equal! benefit of 1km- and 
her children. In Testimony whereof I have Bet my hand and seale to this 
my Will which I declare to be my last Will revoking all others formerly 
made by me. W" Penn [l. s.] 

Signed sealed and published by the Testator William Penn in the pr< -- 
ence of us who set our names as Witnesses thereof in the presence of the 

said Testator after the interlineation of the words above viz (whom I make 

my sole Executrix) Sarah West Susanna Reading Tho' Pyle Rob* 1 Lomax 
Bob 1 West. 

This W ill I have made when ill of a ffeaver at London with a clear un- 
derstanding of what I did then but because of some unworthy e\ previous 

belying Gods goodness to me as if 1 knew not what I did I do now that I 
am recovered through Gods goodness hereby declare it is my last Will and 
Testament at Etuscombe in Berkshire this '11 ofy e the •> ,n called May L712. 

W" Penn [l. s.] 
Witnesses present Elizabeth Penn Tho" Pyle Thomas Penn Elizabeth 
Anderson Mary Chandler Jonah Dee Mary Dee. 

Postscript in my own hand as a farther Testimony of my Love to my 
I) r Wife J of my own mind give unto her out of the rents in America viz: 
lYnsilvania &c three hundred pounds a yeai' for her natural life and for 
her care and charge over mv children in their education of which she 

knows my mind as also that I desire they may settle at least in great part 

in America where I leave them so good an [uteres! to be for their Inheri- 
tance from generation to generation wch v' Lord preserve and prosper 
Amen. W™ PENN [l. S.] 

| 'Mr. Richard Preston, who in the letters of his cotemporaries is styled the 
" Great Quaker," immigrated to Maryland in L650 with Margarel his wife and 
Richard, Samuel, .lames, Margarel and Noamy his children, and was in the 
same year appointed •• commissioner of the North side of Pautuxent." ( Provin- 
cial Land Records, Liber A B & II, Eol. 139-40.) — W.m. Francis Ckegar of An- 
napolis, Md.] 

3 Nov ris 1718° 

Appeared personally Simon Clements of the Parish of S 1 Margaret 
Westminister in the County of Middl x Esq r . and John Page of George 
yard in the Parish of S*. Edmund the King London Gent, and being sever- 
ally sworn upon the holy Evangelists to depose the truth did depose and say 
as followeth Viz 1 : That they knew and were well acquainted with William 
Penn late of Ruscombe in the County of Berks Esq 1- , deceased for many 
years before his death and in that time have very often seen him write and 
subscribe his name to Writeings and thereby became well acquainted with 
his manner and character of handwriting and having now viewed and dili- 
gently pei used the codicill wrote at the end of his Will or republication of 
bis Will hereunto annexed beginning thus Postcript in my own hand as a 
farther Testimony of my Love to my D r . wife &c. and ending thus, where I 
leave them so good an Interest to be for their Inheritance from Generation 
to Generation vv ch y e Lord preserve and prosper Amen, and thus subscribed 
W m . Penn, do verily believe the same to be all wrote and subscribed by 
and with the proper hand of the said William Penn deceased. 

S. Clement John Pa^re. 
Die p r d. — dicti Simon Clements et Johannes Page Jurat, de veritate 
p r missorum coram me. W. Piiipps Sur. 

VOL. xliv. 1G # 



190 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [April, 

Probatum fuit hujusmondi Testamentum apud London cum codicillo 
annexo coram venerabili viro Gulielmo Phipps Legum Doctore Surrogato 
Venerabilis ei egregii viri Johannis Bettesworth Legum etiam Doctoris 
curia prrevogativa Cantuar. Magistri Custodis sive Comissarii legitime 
constituti Quarto die mensis Novembris Anno Domini Millesimo Septingenmo 
decimo octavo Per Affirmaconem sive Declaraconem solennem Hannae 
Penn vidua? Relictas dicti defuncti et Executricis unicae in dicto Testam t0 
nominata) cui commissa fuit Administratio omnium et singulorum bonorum 
jurium et creditorum dicti defuncti Declaracone praedicta in praesentia 
Dei Omnipotentis juxta actum Parliamenti in hac parte editum provisum 
de bene et fideliter administrando eadem per dictam Executricem prius 
facta, etc. 

Decimo sexto die mensis ffebruarii Anno Dni 1726 em*, como Johanni 
Penn Arm filio et adstratori cum Testo annexo bouor etc Hanna? Penn 
Viduae deftae sum vixit Relictse extricis unicce et Legatoriae Residuarias 
nominate in Testo dicti Gulielmi Penn deft! hen ad adstrandum bona 
jura et credita dicti defft juxta tenorem et effectum Testi Ipsius deffr per 
dictam Extricem modo etiam demortuam inadstrata de bene etc jurat 

Tenison, 221. 

Richard Penn the younger son of Sir William Penn, late of Wansteed 
in the County of Essex, knight, deceased; 4 April 1673, proved 11 April 
1673. To my dear mother Dame Margaret Penn forty pounds yearly 
during her natural life. To my dear sister Margaret Lowther, wife of 
Anthony Lowther Esq., fifty pounds to buy a ring or any other durable 
thing, to wear and keep in remembrance of me. To said brother Anthony 
Lowther thirty pounds (for the same purpose), also such two of my guus 
and one pair of pistols as my dear brother William Penn shall appoint. 
To the poor of Walthamstow in Essex, where I desire to be buried, ten 
pounds. To George Homond, my servant, ten pounds. My will is that 
my mother, my brother Anthony and sister Margaret Lowther aforesaid, 
and her children, my said servant George and the coachman and footmen 
of my said mother and brother and sister Lowther, and also their coaches 
shall have mourning in such manner as my dear mother shall appoint. Also 
I do give unto my loving sister Gulielma Maria Penn the sum of fifty pounds 
in testimony of my love and affection unto her. And 1 do hereby con- 
stitute and appoint my said dear mother the sole executrix of this my last 
Will and Testament. 

Wit : Richard Newman, George Hamau, Michaell Lee. 

Pye, 49. 
Mense Martii 1681. 

Decimo tertio die Em*. Commissio Gulielmo Penne Armi^ero filio 
naturali et legitimo Margaretse Penne nuJD de Waltham Stow in Com. 
Essex vid. defunctre hentis &c Ad Administrandum bona jura et cred. dictae 
defunctae de bene &c vigori Commissionis jurat. 

Admon. Act Book (1682) fol. 31. P. C. C. 

Hanna Penn, widow, the Relict of William Penn late of Ruscombe in 
the County of Berks Esq 1 .; 11 September 1718. Refers to husband's will, 
bearing date 27 May 1712, and to the Trust created under said will as to 
the disposal of all his lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever, rents 
and other profits, situate, lying and being in Pennsylvania &c, legacies to 
his daughter Aubrey aud to the three children of his sou William and to 
their respective heirs, and the conveyance of all the rest of his said lands 



1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 191 

and hereditaments in America to and amongst his children by the now 
testatrix, his second wife &c. 

All the said lands, tenements and hereditaments and personal estate shall 
be divided into six (as near as may be) equal parts and portions, whereof 
I give and bequeath unto my eldest son John Penn and his heirs three 
sixth parts or one full half, upon condition, and always subjecting the same 
to that purpose, that he shall pay to his sister Margaret the sum of two 
thousand pounds &c at her day of marriage or attaining the age of twenty 
one years, which shall first happen; and the remaining half or three sixth 
parts thereof I give and bequeath unto my three other sons, Thomas, Rich- 
ard and Dennis Penn respectively and to their respective heirs, each one 
sixth part of the whole divided as aforesaid. And if either of my said 
children die before attaining to the age of twenty one years the part and 
portion of such child or children so deceasing shall be equally divided 
among the survivors. 

Wit : Susanna Perrin, Mary Chandler, Hannah Hoskin, Thomas Grove, 
S: Clement. 

On the lG th day of February 172G there issued forth a commission to 
John Penn Esq., natural and lawful son and principal legatee named in the 
Will of Hanna Penn late of the Parish of St. Botolph Aldersgate, London, 
widow deceased &c to administer the goods &c according to the tenor of 
the will. Farraut, 49. 

John Penn of Hitcham in the County of Buckingham Esquire; 24 
October 174G, proved 13 November 174G. Personal estate in England to 
William Vigor of London merchant, Joseph Freame, citizen and banker of 
London, and Lascelles Metcalfe of Westminister Esq. as executors in trust 
&c. also all such moneys, goods and effects as shall belong to me in Ameri- 
ca which, before such time as my death shall be heard of in the City of 
Philadelphia, shall have been collected and received by any receivers, col- 
lectors or other agents there and shall have been actually sent or remitted 
to any part of Europe or shipped on board any ship or vessel for sending 
or remitting to any part of Europe or invested in goods, effects or bills of 
exchange in order to be sent or remitted to any part of Europe on my own 
account or jointly with my brothers, all the which matters last mentioned 
and the produce of the same I will shall be paid to my English executors 
and be considered as part of my English personal estate. To the same 
executors all my messuages, land &c in and near to the City of Bristol and 
in or near to the County of Gloucester, — all to be applied to the payment of 
the necessary costs and charges in the execution of their trust, the payment 
of the few debts that I shall owe at my decease, the charges of my funeral 
and legacies &c. 

An annuity to my sister Margaret Freame. One hundred pounds to my 
servant John Travers, for his faithful service. One hundred guineas to 
each of mv English executors. Legacies to old servants Thomas Penn and 

JO o 

Hannah Roberts; to Jane Aldridge wife of Henry Aldridge of White 
Waltham, Berks. Provision made for the education and maintenance of 
nephew John Penn. Mention of other nephews and nieces, viz. Hannah 
Penn, Richard Penn and Philadelphia Hannah Freame, and brother 
Thomas Penn. To nephew John Penn my share of the mannor of Per- 
kassie, my tract of Liberty land and my High Street Lot (which private 
and particular rights respectively I claim under some particular grant or 
deed made by my late father or under the Will of my late grandfather 



192 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

Thomas Callowhill). To brother Richard Penn all my properties &c 
in the Province of New Jersey in America (both in the Eastern and 
Western Divisions of that Province which I claim under the Will of my 
late father) and my said brother Richard to be executor for such parts of 
my personal estate as shall be due, owing or belonging unto me in any part 
of the said Province of New Jersey. My moiety half part of the ffee 
simple and inheritance of the Province of Pennsylvania and the three 
lower Counties of Newcastle Kent and Sussex upon Delaware in America 
&c. &c. to my brother Thomas Penn for life, with remainder &c. to his 
lawfully begotten sons, in order of seniority; then to brother Richard 
Penn, with remainder to his sons John and Richard, with remainder to the 
latter and his male issue, remainder to my niece Hannah Penn only daugh- 
ter of said brother Richard, and to her male issue &c. &c. The next in 
the line of entail to be sister Margaret Freame and her issue and niece 
Philadelphia Hannah Freame &c. The next to be a nephew (of the half 
blood) William Penn of Cork in the Kingdom of L eland Esq., then to 
Springett Penn his eldest son and his male issue, with remainder to Christiana 
Gulielma Penn, the only daughter of the said William Penn. The next 
in the line to be a grand nephew (of the half blood) Robert Edward Fell, 
the only son now living of Gulielma Maria Fell deceased ; then a great 
niece Mary Margaretta Fell, eldest daughter of said Gulielma Maria, then 
another great niece Gulielma Maria Frances Fell the only other daughter 
living of the said Gulielma Maria Fell deceased, &c. &c. 

Brother Thomas Penn to be the executor for the personal estate in the 
Prov. of Pennsylvania and the three lower Counties of Newcastle, Kent 
and Sussex upon Delaware. Edmunds, 332. 

Thomas Penn of Stokehouse in the county of Bucks Esq. 18 Nov. 
1771. Appoints wife Lady Juliana Penn and son in law William Baker of 
Bayford Bury, Herts, Esq. his executors for the personal estate, except in 
America. Refers to an Indenture tripartite bearing date on or about 15 
August 1751 and made in consideration of his then intended marriage. l>e- 
quests to James Hamilton Esq. the Rev. Richard Peters and Richard Hock- 
ley Esq. all of the city of Philadelphia, of certain lands in Pennsylvania in 
trust &c. A bequest of twenty pounds per annum to M r Duffield Williams 
of Swansea, Glamorgan, mentions sons John and Granville Penn, daughters 
Sophia and Juliana. Refers to a Family Agreement entered into between 
the Testator and his late brother on or about 8 May 1732. 31 January 1750 
and 20 March 1750. Appoints his nephew Richard Penn, then Lieut. 
Gov r . of Pennsylvania and Richard Hockley Esq. executors for that 
Province &c. The will is dated 18 November 1771. Then follow codicils 
dated 11 July 1772, 18 July 1772, and 23 June 1774. In the first he 
speaks of having advanced his daughter Juliana in marriage. In the 
second he bequeaths twenty pounds a year to M" Harriot Gordon of 
Silver Street, Golden Square, and ten pounds a year to Grace Armagh and 
Mary Clarke. The will was proved 8 April 1775. 

Alexander, 106. 

[In 1871, James Coleman of London, published a valuable book compiled by 
him entitled a ^ Pedigree and Genealogical Notes from Wills. Registers and Deeds 
of the highly distinguished Family of Penn, of England and America," which 
should be consulted by the reader of these abstracts. It contains a tabular 
pedigree from William Penn of Minety, an abstract of whose an i 1 1 is given 
above to 1871. lie was the great-great-grandfather of William 5 Penn the foun- 
der of Pennsylvania, through William,' 2 Giles 8 and Sir William 4 Penn. The 



1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 193 

volume contains the wills in full of William Penn of Minety and William Penn 
the founder; and abstracts of Penn wills proved at the Prerogative Court of 
Canterbury, from 1450 to 1700, besides extracts from parish registers and other 
Interesting matter. 

A friend writes: "You might call attention to a pamphlet printed in Phila- 
delphia, in 1870, entitled, 'Articles, Wills and Deeds creating the Entail of 
Pennsylvania and the Three Lower Counties upon Delaware in the Penn Family.' 
Gilpin's Pedigree of the Penn Family and Keith's ' Provincial Councillors' give 
facts relating to the descendants of William Penn." — Editor.] 

Richard Watson of the Parish of S e Margaret's, Westminister, in the 
County of Middlesex, gentleman, 18 April 1685, proved 18 January 1685. 
Brother in law Theodore Wilkins, of New Rosse, in the Kingdom of Ireland, 
gentleman, and Elizabeth, Katherine and Michael Wilkins, his children. 
I give & bequeath unto my late wife's son Robert Boodle, of Rapahanack 
River in Virginia, the sum of one hundred pounds &c. ; but of the said 
hundred pounds he shall pay unto Mr. John Ward, of the parish S* Andrew, 
Hoi bourne, in the County of Middlesex, taylor, all such money as is owing 
to him for a suit of clothes made for him before he went to Barbadoes. To 
Cicely Brandreth (my late wife's daughter) now the wife of William 
Brandreth, of the parish of S fc Margaret's, Westminister, taylor, &c. M r 
Thomas Jones, of Westminister, apothecary. M rs Elizabeth Plumpton, of 
Westminister, widow, M rs Elizabeth Arnold, one of the daughters of the said 
M rs Plumpton, M rs Sarah Juxon, another daughter, and Alice Willey, niece of 
M rs Plumpton, Ellen Poole, M r8 Plumpton's servant. My godson Hugh 
Greene, son of M r Hugh Greene of Westminister, and his mother Elizabeth 
Greene. Corporal Robert Lloyd in Capt. Littleton's troop. Brune Clench, 
of S* Martins in the Fields, gentleman and Mrs. Katherine Clench, his wife. 
William Webb, of Bell Yard, King St., Westminister. Madam Rosse. 
Mrs. Harrard, of King Street, sempstrees. Messuages in Bexley, in 
County of Kent, Willing, East Wickham, Wooledge, Pluinsted &c., given 
and bequeathed to me by the last will & testameut of Sir Edward Brett, 
bearing date on or about 22 December 16S2. Sir Edward Brett, Knight, 
late Sergeant Porter to his Majesty Charles II. 

Administration, with the will annexed, granted 16 January 1808 [.y?V]* 
to George Hancock, of Basing hall Street, London, gentleman, as a person 
named by and on the part and behalf of John Smith Esq., limited so far 
only as concerns all the right, title and interest of him the said Richard 
Watson deceased in and to a certain capital messuage, mansion House and 
Farm, with the appertenances situate, lying and being in the parish of 
Bexley, in the County of Kent, comprised in a certain term of one thousand 
years and assigned to the said Richard Watson by a certain Indenture 
bearing date 14 October 1673 &c. Lloyd, 9. 

William Fenninge of East Smithfield in the County of Middlesex, 
mariner, bound on a voyage to Virginia in the Abigail of London, 17 Janu- 
ary 1620, proved 7 July 1623. To my wife Margaret Fenninge all my 
estate; but if she die before ray return, then to Timothy Bugby, of Strat- 
ford-Bow, and Susanna his wife. Swann, 70. 

Robert Smith, citizen and merchant tailor of London, 18 January 1622, 
proved 1 July 1623. My loving wife and her children, my daughter Mary 
Peate and her children, the children of my late daughter Judith Sowthacke, 
her daughter's children and the children of my former wives &c. My 

* This entry is on the margin. — h. f. w. 



194 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

daughter Hannah, my only child unadvanced. My late religious, kind and 
loving wife Alice Smith, moved me to give unto her grand child Edward 
Parbury her daughter's son, fifty pounds at the age of one and twenty years. 
I do give to him the said sum of fifty pounds and fifty pounds more, to make 
up one hundred pounds &c. My said late wife Alice was charged by the 
last will and testament of her former husbaud, M r Edward Peirson, to pay 
unto Joane Dixon, his daughter, ten pounds yearly. To my cousins 
Elizabeth Younge and Judith Beale, daughters of my late daughter Judith 
Sowthack, twenty pounds, to be equally divided between them. To 
Mary Ofielde forty shillings. To my daughter Susan Morse forty shil- 
lings. To my cousin John Sowthacke all my books of " Presidents," 
Statute Books and other books and papers whatsoever which shall be in 
the room now used for my office. To my loving father M r William 
Palmer, for his pains as overseer, three pounds. To my daughter Hannah 
Smith and to the heirs of her body lawfully to be begotten, forever, 
all my lands, tenements, rents, revenues, shares, profits and all other my 
hereditaments whatsoever, with their appertenances, which I have, shall, 
may or of right or in conscience ought to have within the country or 
countries, lands, islands, places or territories called or known by the name 
of Virginia, in the parts beyond the seas &c. &c. ; also in the Barmuthes or 
Sommer Islands &c, my wife to enjoy the rents and profits during her life. 
The residue to my wife Judith Smith and my daughter Hannah Smith, one 
third to my wife and two thirds to my daughter. My said wife to be the 
executrix. My father, Mr. William Palmer to be overseer; and I desire 
my daughter Mary Peate and her husband, my former wife's daughters and 
their husbands and the children and child reus' children of all my said daugh- 
ters Judith Sowthack, Mary Peate, Mary Ofield and Susan Morse and my 
late wife's grand child Edward Parbury and all other friends &c. &c, that 
they will hold themselves contented &c. "I beseech god give them of the 
deaue of heaven and make them lively stones in the building of the churche 
of Christ and true members of that bodie whereof the heade is Jesus Christ 
the lord. I humblie and thankfullie confesse before my heavenly father as 
Jacobe my greate grandfather accordinge to promise confessed with my 
staffe came I ouer many Rivers (thoughe not Jordans) I had nothing when 
I came from my fathers howse my cupp was emptie and now God hath 
filled it and made it to overflowe he of his grace hath made me able and 
willinge to give and leave somethinge to others." 

Letters of administration issued 24 February 1629 to James Clarke, 
natural and lawful brother, on the mother's side, of Hannah Smith, natural 
and lawful daughter of the said Robert Smith deceased &c, the widow and 
executrix having also deceased. Swann, 75. 

Kebby, {ante, vol. 43, page 426) : 

["Brother Henry Kebby" was of Dorchester, where he married Grizel , 

8 October, 1G57, of course a second wife, by whom he had Sheberiah, born 2 
December, 1659; he died 10 August, 1661. Rachel Kebbey died 16 July, 1657. 
If she were the first wife, her place was soon filled. Henry Kebby's "daughter 
Susan Sellick" was wife of David Sellick of Boston, who died at Accomack in 
Virginia in 1654. There were also Kebbys of Boston, whose names are in the 
ninth lleport of the Record Commissioners. — Wm. S. Appleton.] 

Katharine Oxenbridge (vol. 43, page 85). 

[Peter E. Vose, Esq., of Dennysville, Me., writes to the editor calling atten- 
tion to the statement, quoted from Ellis's History of the First Church of Boston, 
that Katherine Oxenbridge, whose will is printed on the page above referred to, 



1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 195 

was a daughter of Clement Throgmorton. " By my record," he writes, " Daniel 
Oxenbridge married Katherine Harl)y, daughter of Thomas Harby, Esq., and 
his wife Katherine Throgmorton, daughter of Clement Throgmorton, son of Sir 
George and his wife Katherine Vaux, daughter of Sir Nicholas Vaux and his 
wife the widow Elizabeth Parr, grandmother of Queen Katherine Pari-, which 
last Christian name probably suggested the name of the daughters of the several 
succeeding generations." It will be noted that Daniel Oxenbridge mentions in 
■is will his brother Sir Job Harby. His wife also names her brother Sir -lob. 

We And that Mr. Vose is correct. Mr. Ellis, in transcribing from Cooper's 
Sketch of the Oxenbridges, has omitted several w r ords. The passage quoted by 
as should read "Katherine the daughter of Thomas Harby by Katherine daugh- 
ter of Clement Throguiorton." 

The following account of the brothers and sisters of Rev. John Oxenbridge, 
children of Dr. Daniel, is given in Mr. Cooper's sketch, which is a reprint of a 
contribution by him to the twelfth volume of the Collections of the Sussex 
Archaeological Society : 

" The second son, Daniel, was alive at his father's death, but died before 2d 
Nov., 1643; he was probably the merchant at Leghorn who left a Legacy of 
£1000 to the Parliament, on which an order was made 7th March, 1643-4, that 
the amount should be paid by the executor to Mr. Spurstoe, to be applied to the 
support of the garrison of Wembe, in Shropshire, and that a monument should 
be raised to his memory; and an ordinance was passed and carried to the Lords 
on August 7, 1644. The third son, Clement, resided at Wimbledon, Surrey: and 
in 1652 was a commissioner for relief upon articles of war. He was still living 
as a married man with children when his sister Mary made her will in L686. 

Of the four daughters, Dorcas became the wife of Edmund Hunt; Mary, who 
was baptized at Southern lGth August, 1(502, married William Langhorne of 
London, and of Putney, merchant; and the other two married three husbands 
each, and men of celebrity : Elizabeth's first husband was Caleb Cockcroft, of 
London, merchant, buried at St. Stephen's, Coleman Street, 7th March, 1644-5; 
the second was ' Cromwell's dark Lanthorn,' Oliver St. John, Sol. -General to 
Charles I. and Chief Justice of the Common Pleas from 1648 to 1GG0, who died 
31st Dec, 1G73; after which his widow took for her third husband Sir Hum- 
phrey Sydenham of Chilworthy, near Ilminster, Somerset; she died there 1st 
March, 1079-80, and was buried at Combe, St. Nicholas; Katkariw married first 
George Henley of London; secondly Mr. Phillips, by whom she had one daugh- 
ter, Katherine, 'who married her stepfather's eldest son, the match being there- 
by made double.'* This is the lady, — the famed Okinda, — ' who among her sex 
has distinguished herself by her celebrated poems and letters ; she was bred in 
the school at Hackney, and it must be owned was a woman of the times, and 
loved poetry better than presbytery ' ; and her third husband was the parliamen- 
tary general, Philip Skippon, whom she survived, and died 1678." 

A pedigree of Harbie, signed by Katherine Oxenbridge's brother Job Harbie, 
will be found in the Visitation of London, 1634, Harleian Society's Publications, 
vol. 15, page 34G. — Editor.] 



The Ancestry of Washington. 

No. III. 

A 

The following letter appeared in The Nation for Feb. 13, 1890 : 

To the Editor of the Nation: — 

Sir : A few facts as to Ann Pope, the widow of Walter Brodhurst and the 
second wife of John Washington, the Virginia immigrant, may interest some 
of your readers. 

* There is evidently some mistake in regard to the husbands of Katharine Oxenbridge. 
At the date of her father's will, 1641, she bore the name of Fowler, and all accounts 



196 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [April, 

Her first husband, Walter Brodhurst, was in Virginia as early as 1650, and in 
1653 represented Northumberland County in the Legislature. There is a depo- 
sition of his, dated August 30. 1655, in which he mentions that he was about 
thirty-six years of age, and it is known that he was the son of William Brod- 
hurst of Lilleshall, Shropshire, England. Mr. Cralle of Northumberland Coun- 
ty, Va., informs the writer that among the old records of that county there is a 
judgment dated July, 1656, in favor of Walter Brodhurst, and that the next 
reference to him is in a suit brought on September 30, 1659, by Anne Brodhurst, 
relict and administratrix of Walter Brodhurst. 

In a note on page 80 of the last (January) number of the New-England His- 
torical and Genealogical Register, the writer alluded to the baptism in September, 
1659, of a young son of John Washington, and suggested that he was a child 
by the second wife — which is a mistake, as at this time she had not married 
Washington. When the widow Brodhurst became his wife, she had a son, 
Walter Brodhurst, who went to England and lived and died at his father's birth- 
place. By John Washington she had a son Lawrence (the ancestor of Gen. 
Washington), who was buried in 1697, at Bridges Creek, Westmoreland County, 
Virginia. Edward D. Nelll. 



St. Paul, Minnesota. 



B 



In the Archives of Maryland, vol. ii., edited by "W. H. Browne, printed 
at Baltimore in 1884, we find on page 483 the following data: 

In the Maryland House Journal under date of May 20, 1676, is the 
evidence of Capt. John Allen as to the murder of some Susquehanna In- 
dians. He testified that about the 25th or 26th September (1675 of course), 
Major Truman commanded the Maryland forces in front of the Indian fort. 
There was a parley about damage done to Mr. Hanson and others, which 
these Indians attributed to the Senecas. 

Then " came over Col. Washington, Col. Mason and Maj. Alderton, and 
they likewise taxed them with the murders done on their side," which these 
Indians also denied. On Monday, the witness " saw six Indians guarded 
with the Marylanders and Virginians, and the Major, with the Virginia 
officers sitting upon a tree some distance from them ; and after some while 
they all rose and came towards the Indians and caused them to be bound 
again, and the Virginia officers would have knocked them on the head, in 
the place presently : and particularly Colonel Washington said, ' What 
should we keep them any longer ? Let us knock them on the head ; we 
shall get the Fort to-day ! ' 

" But the deponent saith that the Major would not admit of it, but was 
over-swayed by the Virginia officers ; and after further discourse the said 
Indians were carry ed forth from the place where they were bound, and 
they knocked them on the head." 

In the debates about punishing Maj. Truman it appeared in extenuation 
that the execution had " the unanimous consent of the Virginians and the 
general impetuosity of the whole field, as well Marylanders as Virginians, 
upon the sight of the Christians murdered at Mr. Hinson's, and them 
very Indians that were there killed being proved to be murderers both 
of them and several other Christians." Also that Truman's crime was 
" not maliciously perpetrated, or out of any design to prejudice the province, 
but merely out of ignorance, and to prevent a mutiny of the whole army, 
as well Virginians as Marylanders." 

state this to be the maiden name of the celebrated writer, Mrs. Katherine Phillips 
(" Orinda"), whose husband was James, son of Hector Phillips, and whose father was John 
Fowler, merchant of London. — See Meyrick's History of the County of Cardigan (1810), 
pages 101-3; Allibone's Dictionary of Authors, vol. II. p. 1378.— Editor. 



1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 197 



Charles P. Greenough, Esq., of Boston, lias kindly allowed us to make 
an abstract of an original deed in his possession. 

It is an indenture dated May 2, 1674, between John Siiotter of Mid- 
hurst, co. Sussex, mercer, with his two children John, jr., and Elizabeth, of 
the one part, and Robert Washington the younger, of Petworth, co. 
Sussex, currier, of the other part. For £140 Shotter sells Washington the 
messuage called the Haws (?) in Petworth, now occupied by one Robert 
Washington the elder, adjoining the beast-market on the west and South 
street on the south. 

We know that Robert Washington of Sulgrave had a son Robert by his 
first wife, and that he also named a son by his second wife, Robert. Also 
that in 1G7G, Mrs. Elizabeth Mewce, sister of Rev. Lawrence Washington 
of Purleigh, speaks of her uncle, in her will, as then living. Possibly this 
(uncle of the half-blood) will be found to be the Petworth man. 

D 

In The Nation for January 23, 1890, a letter was printed, signed *' C," 
from which we make the following extracts : 

11 In connection with this matter, the Washington pedigree, Mr. Frederick D. 
Stone, the Librarian of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, has called my 
attention to the following foot-note on p. 81, vol. i., of Lodge's recently pub- 
lished Life of Washington; it is as follows: 

" The well-known account of the Baconian troubles, written by Mrs. Ann 
Cotton in 1G7G (Force's Hist. Tracts, I.), is addressed 'to Mr. C. EL, at Vardly, 
in Northamptonshire, ' probably Yardly -Hastings, about eight miles from North- 
ampton, and consequently very near Sulgrave Manor. At the beginning (p. 1) 
the writer refers to the commander of the Virginians in the flrst campaign 
against the Indians as ' one Col. Washington, him whom you have sometimes 
seen at your house.' This suggests very strongly that John Washington, the 
flrst Virginian of the name, was of Northamptonshire, and that he came from 
or lived in the neighborhood of Sulgrave Manor, and that he belonged to that 
family." 

Here we have contemporaneous evidence connecting George "Washington's 
great-grandfather with Sulgrave, or at least its immediate vicinity, which, of 
course, strengthens Mr. Waters's pedigree. 

In this pedigree he states the mother of the said John Washington to have 
been a Koades. It may be worth while mentioning that the records in London 
of the families of this name throughout England were examined and col- 
lected by Col. Chester in the year 18G7, as he then informed me by letter. 
This collection must be still among his papers ; if searched, it might throw 
some light upon the Washington ancestry, at least in its connection with the 
family of lioacles. 

This suggestion proves to be probably unfounded. A farther examination 
of the entire letter of Mrs. An. Cotton, shows that Mr. C. H. had probably 
lived in Virginia, and we presume that he met Col. Washington there. 

This tract, as printed in Force's Collection, vol. 1, was published, "from 
the original manuscript, in the Richmond (Va.) Enquirer, of 12 Sept. 1804. 

The writer is Mrs. An. Cotton of Q. Creek. The abbreviation is pre- 
sumably not for Ann or Anne. It is addressed to Mr. C. H. at Yardley in 
Northamptonshire. Besides the reference to Col. Washington, " him whom 
you have sometimes seen at your house," I find the following points. 

P. 4, line 22, the people k ' settled their affections and expectations upon 
one Esqr. Bacon, newly come into the Countrey, one of the Counsell and 
nearly related to your late wife's father-in-law." 
VOL. xliv. 17 



198 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

P. 7, line 12. "The chiefe men that subscribed it at this meeting, were 
Coll. Swan, Coll. Beale, Coll. Ballard, Esq. Bray (all foure of the Councell), 
Coll. Jordan, Coll. Smith of Purton, Coll. Scarsbrook, Coll. Miller, Coll. 
Lawrance, and Mr. Drommond, late Governour of Carolina, all persons with 
whom you have been formerly acquainted." 

P. 9. "Brought the Governour a shoare at Coll. Bacon's, where he was 
presented with Mr. Drumond, taken the day before in Cheekahonirny 
swomp, half famished, as himself related to my Husband." 

P. 10. There was "an Assembly convein'd at the Greene Spring; where 
severall were condemned to be executed, prime actors in ye Rebellion ; as 
Esqr. Bland, Coll. Cruse and some other hanged at Bacon's Trench; Capt. 
Yong at Cheekahominy; Mr. Hall, clarke of New-Kent Court; James 
Wilson {once your servant), and one Lieft-Collonell Page (one that my hus- 
band bought of Mr. Lee, when he kep store at your howse), all four executed 
at Coll. Read's over against Tindell's point; and Anthony Arnell (the same 
that did live at your howse), hanged in chains at West point, beside severall 
others executed on the other side James River." 

There is also (p. 11) a letter, unsigned, "to his wife A. C. at Q. Creek" 
dated " from Towne, June 9, '76." He says " but the tother day that I did see 
N. B. [Nathaniel Bacon] in the condition of a Traitor, to be tried for his 
life." 

In the next succeeding Tract in Force's volume, — a Narrative of these 
wars in 1675 and 1676, — it is said, p. 38, it is said that Bacon's followers 
were scattered "around a third parcell (of about 30 or 40) was put into the 
house of Collonell Nath. Bacon's (a gentleman related to him deceased, but 
not of his principles) under the command of one Major Whaly, a stout, 
ignorant fellow." 

In the tract preceding Mrs. Cotton's, in Force's volume, entitled " Bacon's 
Rebellion," we find a few items. 

On p. 15 it says, " this young Nathaniel Bacon (not yet arrived to 30 
years) had a nigh relation, namely Col. Nathaniel Bacon, of long standing 
in the Councill, a very rich, politick man, and childless, designing this 
Kinsman for his heir." 

Also on page 25, it seems to say, that young Bacon lived at Jamestown, 
having " married a wealthy widow who kept a large house of publick enter- 
tainment, unto which resorted those of the best quality." I regret to say 
that Mrs. Cotton is not so easily placed. Mr. R. A. Brock writes from 
Richmond, Feb. 17th: 

" I regret that I have no notes identifying Mrs. Ann Cotton. 

There are partial abstracts in our State Library of the records of Henrico and 
of York Counties. 

I find that in the former, at a Court held at Varian, Nov. 1, 1707, it was de- 
termined that the Court meet for settling a private dispute at the house of 
Charles Cotton in Charles City County. 

In the latter, Oct. 27, 1660, will of "Elliam" [Ellen?] Wheeler, widow, be- 
quests to her cousins Francis Hall and Mary Hall ; to Elizabeth Hooper ; to her 
grandchild Amy Harrison, daughter of Robert Harrison ; to her son Nicholas 
Comins (including a gold seal ring) ; to John Cotton a gold seal ring. 

I find the following grant of land : — John Cotton, 350 acres in Northampton 
County (formerly granted Oct. 8, 1656, to Nicholas Maddilow and assigned to 
John Cotton Jan. 28, 1662. — (Virginia Land Registry, Book No. 4, p. 570.) 

So in regard to Yardley, we are not entirely sure. There are in North- 
amptonshire Yardley-Hastings and Yardley-Gobions, and either may be the 
one intended. The latter is a hamlet in the parish of Pottersbury about 6 



1890.] 



Genealogical Gleanings in England. 



199 



miles east from Sulgrave. In 1831 it had 123 houses and 594 inhabitants; 
but two centuries ago it was of less importance, and was probably undistin- 
guished from the main parish. 

Yardley-Hastings is a parish 12 miles north-east from Yardley-Gobions, 
and 7 miles south-east of Northampton. In 1831 it had 193 houses and 
1051 inhabitants. It is close to the border, at the point where Bucking- 
hamshire and Bedfordshire meet, but is separated from Luton, co. Beds., 
by the whole width of that county. 

Our hope now must be that the Northamptonshire antiquaries will en- 
deavor to find out this Mr. C. H. of Yardley, and see if any Washington 
was resident in that neighborhood. 

I do not find in the Visitations of Northamptonshire, for 1564 and 1619 
(London, 1887), any family at either Yardley- On p. 185 mention is 
made of Edward Dome of Yardley-llastings. On p. 98 is the pedigree of 
the Harrisons of Gobion's Manor in the town of Northampton. The later 
generations in 1618 were 

ROBERT HARRISON = Elizabeth Fitz-Geffrey. 
of Stow, co. North". 



John. 



Thomas 

of 
North- 
ampton. 



Elizabeth, dau. of 

Francis Bernard 

of AMngton, 

co. North". 



Francis, 
d. s. p. 



Thomas, of 

Gobion's Manor, 

in the town of 

Northampton, 

1618. 



Jonathan. Joseph. William. Benjamin. 



From Bridges' History of Northamptonshire I find that Gobion's manor 
was about 300 acres " without the east-gate of the city." It was long held 
by the Turpi ns, but 5 or 6 Queen Mary, Robert Harrison had it and his 
son Robert (?) succeeded. In 1621 Thomas Harrison sold it to the corpora- 
tion of Northampton. Another branch of this family of Gobion also owned 
Yardley-Gobions, but in 1541 that manor was annexed to the honor of 
Grafton and has descended with that dukedom. It is possible that one of 
these Harrisons may have settled at either Yardley, after the sale of Gobion's 
manor. 

I believe that the origin of the Virginia Harrisons is unknown. Meade, 
i. 310, traces the family to Benjamin Harrison, born in 1645 in Southwark 
parish, Va., who died in 1712, and says that Mr. Grigsby thinks he may 
have been the son of Herman H. or of John Harrison governor in 1623. 
May it not be that the father was one of this Northampton family ? 

At all events Mr. C. H. of 1676 had been evidently a prominent man in 
Virginia, and some of the clues given by Mrs. Cotton may aid us in identi- 
fying him. 

I have already noted that Amphilis seems to be a family name in the 
Neville family and its relations. 

In the Visitation of Bedfordshire, article Faldo, p. 169, I note that 
Thomas Neville of Cotterstock, co. North 11 (son of William N. of Holt) 
had Jane married to John Chamberlain, and their daughter Amphilis m. 1, 



200 Journal of Capt. Nathaniel Knight. [April, 

Richard Faldo (who d. 1576), and 2, Thomas Sheppard of Maiden, co. 
Beds. She had a daughter Amphilis Sheppard. 

In the Visitation of Northamptonshire I have noted but one instance, viz., 
on p. 130. Richard Ravenscroft of Maidford in the county, 1619, married 
Amphilis, dan. of Thomas Lawney of said place. The name is evidently 
an unusual one, and most probably given only for family reasons. 

William H. Whitmore. 

E 

[Mr. Faithfull, clerk of the Merchants Taylors' Company, London, England, 
has sent us a copy of a privately printed pamphlet of 48 pages by Major W. 
Newsome, R. E., published in June, 1879, ten years ago last summer, entitled: 
" Yorshire the Home of the Washingtons." The author gives his reasons for 
believing that John and Lawrence Washington were from Yorkshire. Though 
Mr. Waters's researches lead to a different locality, the genealogical information 
contained in this pamphlet will be found interesting. — Editor.] 



JOURNAL OF CAPT. NATHANIEL KNIGHT, SEN r . 

Communicated by the late Charles Ira Bushnell, Esq., of New York city.* 

I SAILED from St. Martins, May 16 th 1762, bound for Salem, in the 
Sloop Tryall, having in company five sail, viz.: Capts. Putnam, Gordon, 
Harlew, Jones and Hubbard, all for America: on the 17 th at 9 o'clock, A.M. 
saw one sail to windward, bearing down to Capt. Jones, the southernmost of 
us, and he hauled his wind ; but at or about 10 o'clock I saw several guns 
fired at Jones, and he struck to that sail, which afterward I found to be a 
Spanish Privateer Sloop, of eight guns; and there appeared another sloop 
as partners together: one of them gave chase after me, the other for Put- 
nam : all the other vessels were out of sight to the South, the wind failing 
me, which gave him so great advantage over me, that with rowing at 6 
o'clock in the evening he was so nigh that he gave me several shots, and 
still gaining on me, so that at 7 o'clock I was obliged to strike to him as a 
prisoner; and he immediately sent his boat on board of me, with a number 
of men who beat and abused my men shamefully with their hangers; and 
the Prize master, taking my hat from my head, told me to go in the boat, 
not allowing me to go down to my chest for anything: and so I went on 
board the Spanish Sloop, the captain Christopher Gonsalves, hailing from 
Porto Rico with four of my men with me, and I continued on board on a 
cruise until Sunday, May 23, when he landed me with my four men on the 
West end of St. Martins, giving me my chest with one shirt and one old 
coat, with two or three other small things, so that I thought ourselves well 
off, although having at least ten miles to travel through mountains, rocks, 
bushes, briars and brambles, without meat or drink, until we came to two 
Negro canoes, after wood, bound for Simpson's Bay ; and I gave to one 
negro all the money I had to carry us all down there, where we arrived at 
4 o'clock same night, then travelled on for Great Bay, and at last got to 
Mistress Bennett's, when I was kindly received by her and the rest of the 
inhabitants of that place, one and all lamenting my loss and not by words 

* The late Mr. Bushnell intended to have accompanied this journal with an account 
of Capt. Knight, and with annotations on the journal; but sickness prevented.— Editor. 



1890.] Journal of Capt. Nathaniel Ryiight. 201 

only, for Mr. Benjamin Gumbs, a Portuguese, gave me the offer of what 
cash I might want, gave me also entertainment at his house and gave me 
also a hat, two checked shirts, and two pairs of stockings, which I took 
indeed kind from him a stranger too. On Monday, 24, Mr. B. Grumbs 
told me if that he could buy a vessel he certainly would for me to go home 
in to Salem, he begging me at the same time to consider his house my home, 
saying if I did not he should take it greatly amiss, which kindness was much 
more than either of my own countrymen offered unto me. My old friend 
White asked me to go home with him, but never either offered me money 
or clothes, nor asked if I wanted any until one day I asked him if he 
had disposed of all his cash; then he told me if I wanted money he would 
lend me till I got home; he might have known I had lost and had nothing 
to cheer my sight when I got there in the line of money. However I con- 
tinued on those until Friday, 28 of May, when Capt. Israel Ober came 
from St. Eustatia, in a sloop, which he and my old and long tried friend and 
neighbor, Capt. Webb had bought, and he gave her to me to go home in 
and I took charge of her with two of my men and the boy. Likewise Mr. 
Edward Stacy gave me a ham of bacon and Mr. William Barton gave me a 
chest, and the widow Bennett gave me victuals and lodgings at her house, to 
the amount of p 8 . 10 of eight, which I took as a great kindness unto me. So 
that the kindness which I received from strangers was more than I could 
ever expect or think, and I here write them all that I may bear them in 
my prayers to the Almighty throne, for their sympathy in the troubles of 
a poverty stricken stranger; and as to Capt. Webb he gave me all the 
money I wished for. But I try to give to all due thanks for what favors 
they did or offered unto me. At this time Capt. Allen of Cape Ann 
offered me one hundred silver dollars: I could not for my feelings return 
him proper thanks for his kind offer but I did without his money, good 
man! for — great and enduring thanks to Almighty God — I have still got 
health and strength, and am still able to work for my living and have a 
firm trust that through divine assistance and my own willingness I shall 
always have a livelihood while I continue in this world. I now took on 
board the sloop two friends, a load of salt, and fitted myself as well as I 
could for sea again, and on Sunday, June 6 th there came into Great Bay an 
English frigate, for all masters of vessels to come on board to receive sailing 
orders which intended to go under convoy of the fleet: and on Monday, 
June 7, the fleet appeared in sight to the amount of three hundred sail, 
under the protection of Robert Swanton, in the Ship Vanguard, of 74 guns, 
and one 50 gun ship, and a number of frigates; and we all got under sail 
which were in Great Bay, and joined the fleet at 7 o'clock in the morning, 
with a gentle gale at E. N. E., and kept company with them until Tuesday 
the 15 th of June; at 10 o'clock at night I left company, with the wind to 
the south, and falls of rain: at 11 I saw the lights of some of the fleet, and 
heard several guns, not knowing what might be the cause. On Wednesday, 
the 16, 1 saw three sails to the Eastward, which I judged to be White, Lee and 
Stacy. I saw afterward two more sail on my passage, which I had reason 
to think were privateers: one gave chase to me; but, as God would so 
order it, night came on and I lost him, which rendered my mind more easy. 
Afterward I saw no more sail until I got soundings at Georges Bank, on 
July 1 st at 8 o'clock in the evening, 50 fathoms water, clear, sandy bottom, 
and the wind at West, fair and pleasant weather. So I hope in good time, 
if it please God to continue my life and health, I shall arrive at my long 
desired home once more, in safety with a whole skin, all other things ex- 

VOL. XLIV. 17* 



202 Petition of Inhabitants of Kennebec River, [April, 

cepted, and thanks be to God I have been in very good health ever since I 
left Salem, but have seen more trouble since the time of my sailing from 
home, than in the most part of my life before; for from the first night of 
my sailing my troubles began. Nothing but hard gales and lofty seas for 
the most part of 14 days. The first day I had a gale from W. S. W. so hard 
that I was obliged to scud under bare poles for 16 hours, and was obliged 
to clear my deck to save our lives, expecting every moment to be swallowed 
up in the deep : I hope I have had since thanks to God, who did not forget 
us in our distress, and carried us through all our dangers ; and after 42 days 
we at last arrived at our destined port, having all well on board and to 
make up for our trouble, had a prospect of making a profitable voyage, but 
fortune frowned on me ; after disposing of my cargo at St. Eustatia, I sailed 
for St Martins and loaded with salt, and on May 16, as before related, I 
sailed for Salem and was taken and shamefully used by this Christopher 
Gonsalves of Porto Rico. 



PETITION OF THE INHABITANTS OF KENNEBEC RIVER 

FOR PROTECTION. 

Communicated by William B. Trask, A.M., of Dorchester. 

The following Petition was copied from the original in the Massa- 
chusetts Archives, Vol. 136, pp. 270-280. 

The same names, substantially, appear on a Petition, without 
date, for a new County. Cumberland and Lincoln counties were 
incorporated July 21, 1760. 

f To His Excellency William Shirley Esq r Governour 
Province of the J and Commander in Chief in and over said Province. 
Massachusetts Bay ~j To the Hon ble his Majestys Council for the Same and 
[ the Honourable House of Representatives. 
Humbly shew 

The Proprietors of that Tract of Land lying on both Sides of 
Kenuebeck River which was granted to the Late Colony of New- 
Plymouth in their Charter, and afterwards by that Colony granted 
to Antipas Boys & others, — Together with Sundry of the Principal 
Settlers and Residents within the Limits of said Tract. 

That there are now a Considerable Number of Settlers within said Tract 
which are dayly making Improvements there. That your Petitioners the 
Proprietors are accomodating them with Grants of Lands for their Encour- 
agement and have at a Considerable Expence procured a number of Ger- 
mans to Settle there, and are lying out Two new Towns at their own Expence 
and appropriating Lands to be given Gratis to such as will come and Settle 
within their Tract, and are determined to do all that lyes in their Power to 
render it a well peopled and Flourishing Settlement, so that Your Petitioners 
humbly Conceive that in a few years this Settlement may become a Barrier 
against both the French and Indians, and in all other Respects of Great 
Benefit to the Public, was it not that Your Petitioners the Settlers by Reason 
of their Situation, and present weak State are exposed to the Indians & in 
a defenceless condition against their Hostilities, and the Precariousness of 
Indian peace gives such just Apprehension of Danger as extreamly dis- 
courages Your Petitioners the Settlers in their Business and must tend to 



1890.] Petition of Inhabitants of Kennebec lliver. 



203 



deterr others from Settling with them to the Manifest Obstruction of the 
further peopling and Improving the Tract aforesaid in which the Interest 
of this Province is greatly concerned — Your Petitioners beg Leave therefore 
to Recommend themselves to your wise Care and Protection, and pray that 
some Measures may be by your Wisdom concerted for their Safeguard and 
Defence against the Enemies to whom they are exposed or otherwise Relieve 
Your Petitioners upon the premises as to Your Excellency — and this Hon- 
ourable Court shall seem proper, and Your Petioners &c. 
April 22, 1755. 



Jonathan Fox 
Edw d Tyng 
Nath: Thwing 
Gershom Flagjj 
John Goodwin 
Samuel Goodwin 
Ja z Fox 
John Tufts 
Jonathan Reed 
William Taylor 
David Jeffries 
Thomas Walley 
Eleazer Harlow 
Joseph Dowse 
Isaac Foster 
Joseph Winslow 
John Winslow 
Samuel Fowle 
Habijah Weld 
James Grace Settlers 
James Cunningham 
John Wright 

his 

Joseph J Buber 

mark 
his 

Martyn [\[ Ilayley 

mark 

his 

Michael X Thornton 

mark 
his 

John Oliver 

mark 
Ephraim Oliver 
Alexander Campbell jun 
Jacob Duer 
JJctniel Savage 
Charles Snipe 
William Chisin 
William Stinson 
Joseph Paine 
Michael Malcom 
Allen Maicom 
Thomas Foott 

his 

W m Cooms 

mark 



Jacob Wendell 
Edward Winslow 
W m Brattle 
Ch a Apthorp 
Thomas Hancock 
Robert Temple 
Will" 1 Bowdoin 
Rich d Foster 
Silv. Gardiner 
James Pitts 
James Bowdoin 
Benj n Pollard 

his 

George -f- M'Gletton 

mark 

Patt Drumond 
Thomas Williams 
Alex. Cam pell 
William Bryen 

Sam 11 Hiiikley 
James Thompson 
ebenezer Iliukley 
Nathanel Berry 
Nath 11 Larrabee 
David Duuing 
George Harvvard 
William Vincent 
Joseph Lankester 
Shubel Hinckley 
William Reed 
John Trel [?] 
John Spaulding 
James Howard 
John Howard 
Samuel Howard 
Moses Way moth 
Silvenus Whitford 
David Joy 
John M'phetres 
Philip Call 
Philip Call jun. 

his 

John H Hen in j 
mark 

Thomas Means 



»g 



204 



Petition of Inhabitants of Kennebec River, [April, 



Townsend Smith 
Ralph Kendall 
John Cheney 
Benjamin Kendall 
Elias Cheney 
Andrew Reed 
William Moutgumry 
David Reed 
Robert Montgumry 
John Wyllie 

his 

Alex dr -f- Ersking 

mark 
his 

Tho 8 8 Storer 

mark 
Robert Montgumry jun 

his 

Simon X Eliot 

mark 
Morgan Caffry 
Robert M'Gathry 

his 

Tho')( Selley 

mark 
his ; 

James W >Young 

mark 

Will m Kent 
David Love 
Patreck Rodgers 
John M 'fail and 
John M'farland jun 
John Larmond 
James Huston 
William Huston 
William Jones 
Michael Jones 
William Jones junier 
Richard Jones 
Anthony Chapman 
Ichabod Smith 
John Wadleigh 
William Blackston 
Joshua Smith 
Lemuel Perkins 
John Rollings 
Samuel Hall 

his 

Ichabod X Linscott 

mark 
his 

Stephen X Hosdon 

mark 

Elisha Clark 
Samuel Hardie 
William M'Cleland 
Nath 11 Winslow 



Nathaniel Winslow junr 
Kenelm Winslow 
William Rackleff 
Elisha Winslow 
Alex r Nikels 
Alexander Nikels juner 
John Nikels 
Henry Little 
James Clark 
John Balentin 

his 

Thomas T Murphy 

mark 
Peter Peterson 
William Clark 
James Clark Ju r 
John Cuningham 
Joseph Anderson 
Samuel Anderson 
James Hodg 
John M'Near 
David Given 

his 

James I IV Forister 

mark 

Joseph Dacker [ ? ] 
Joshua Silvester 
James Day 

William W Hilton 

mark 
John Deker 

his 

Rogels] R C Colbee 

mark 
John Gray 
James Grant 
William Groves 
Elisha Kenny 
Robert Lambert 
John Tomson 
Nathanel Ranlet 
Elijah Grant 
Ephiram Grant 
Andrew Grant 
Sheribiah Lambert 
John Decker the 2 t tkicj 
John Sutton 
Sam 11 Trask 
Ebenezer Gove 
Joseph Hodsden 
William Boyinton 
Sam uel 1 Trask jr 
Sam 11 Chapman 
George Gray 
Robart Hooper 



1890.] Petition of Inhabitants of Kennebec River, 



205 



Joseph Tayler 
Caleb Boyinton 
moses Gray 
Joseph Young 
Joseph Young jr 
John Perce 
John Rowell 
John Carlton 
Samuel] Blanchard 
Daniel Lankester 
Ebenezer Smith 
Jonathan Preble 
Daniel m'faden 
Thomas Stinson 
Joshua Par nam 
Edward Savage 
William Gilmor 
Thomas Stinson jr 

his 

John -J- girdy 
mark 

Isaac Savage 

his 

Jams X Stinson 

mark 
William Pumory 
Miles Goodwin 
Ezra Davis 
James Whidden 
Lazarus Noble 
Timothy Whidden 

his 

Will™ -f R eed 

mark 

Samuel Allen 
William Malcom 
Tobias Ham 
Joseph Ewing 
Alexander Ewino; 
Charles Robertson 
Benjamin Thompson 

his 

William Mustard 

mark 

Alexander Potter 
James Potter 
John Malcom 

his 

Robert R Dunlap 

mark 
John Dunlap 

his 

Joseph -f- Jack 

mark 

Joseph Smith 
William Speer 
Robert Speer jim 
Robert Speer 



his 

James -\- Newbury 

mark 

James Duning 
John Plielan 
John Martine 
John Williams 
Robert Dening 
James Douglass 
Will'" Woodside 
W m Woodside jun 
James Wooden 
Ebenezer Standwood 
Judah Chase 
Sam 11 Standwood 
David Stanwood 
Thomas Stanwood 
Will" Standwood 
John Reed 
William Ross 
John Smart 
James Elott 
Andrew Eliott 
Robert Smart 
Thomas m'gregor 
Nehimiah Ward 
John Given 

John Orr 

mark 

Samuel Clark 
James Henry 

Will ,n M' Xness 

mark 
John Starbird 
Tho 8 Skofield 
William Simpson 
Abijah Young 

his 

Joshua X Cromwell 

mark 

John Malcom 

his 

John X Bunker 

mark 
Alexander Willson 
Robert Willson 
Hugh Willson 
Robert Giveen 
John Mallett 
James Doyle 
Nathanel Barns 

his 

John oq Sarrad 

mark 
Wait Wefer 
Jonathan Webber 



206 



Petition of Inhabitants of Kennebec River, [April, 



his 

Joshua Q Gray 

mark 

James Gardner 
Benj Bunker 
Elisha Allen 

his 

Will m S Alexander 

mark 
James Allexander 
John Allexander 
Edward Cuningham 
William tarr 
John Mathews 
Isaac Hall 
George Combes 
John Jordan 
Alexander Thompson 
Cornelius Thompson 
James Thompson 
David Jenkins 

his 

Joseph T Thompson 

mark 
Isaac Snow 
John Snow 
Peter Comes 

Abel Eaton 
his 

Silvanus X Cooms 

mark 
his 

Samuel L Williams 

mark 

Peter Combes Jun r 

John Gatchell 

Stephen Gatchell 

David Doughty 

John Gatchell Junur 

Anthony Combes 

Anthony Combes jr 

Timothy Tibbets 

Moses Tebbets 

Peter Woodward 

Sepren Cornish 
his 

John X Aston 

mark 
his 

John Cornish 
mark 

Joshua Lambert 
Beniamin Whitney 
Benj n Denlow 

his 

Cornalies ) Keaff 

mark 
his 

Brant -j- Robinson 

mark 

Job Philbrook 



Jonathan Philbrook 

Jon n Philbrook juner 
his 

Patrick O Wals 

mark 

David Trufant 

his 

Samuel £ Melune 

mark 
his 

Samuel X Melune juner 

mark 

John Soliven 

his 

Robert -f- Sedgley 

mark 

his 

Nathanel X Geleson 

mark 

Nath. Donnell 

his 

Tarrance T M'Maken 

mark 
his 

Timothy T Rardan 

mark 

Isaiah Crooker 
Elijah Crooker 
John Stinson 
Phillip Hodgkins 

John W Onal 

mark 
Stephen greenleaf 
Daniel Lankester 

his 

Elihu-f- Lankester 

mark 

James Beveridge 

his 
John -(- Torp 
mark 
iiis 

James X Thornton 

mark 
his 

Matthew -f" Whelan 

mark 
his 

Patrick -j- Murry 

mark 

William Johnson 
Simon Burtton 
James Drumond 
William Marshall 
John Blethen Sen. 
John Blethen 
Franses Wyman 
Nicholas Rideout 
William Rideout 
David gustin 

his 

Andrew A Bennett 

mark 



1890.] Petition of Inhabitants of Kennebec River. 



207 



his 

James -f~ Newbury 

mark. 

Cornelius hall 
Benjamin Pumeroy 
Samouel Wels 
James Blethen 
Joseph Mackentir 

his 

Josiah W Day 
mark 

his 

Stephen + Day 

mark 

his 

William X Kerday 

mark 

Francis Wyman jun r 
Nathanel Wyman 
Arthur Percey 
Thomas Percey 

his 

Timothy -f- Ruorsk 

mark 

Samuel Hinkley 
James M c faden 
John M c faden 

Matthew mcKinney 
George mcKinney 

his 

John -f- Flan 

mark 

James M'faden jun r 

his 

Timothy ~\- Dunton 

mark 

Stephen Greenleaf 
John gray 
Ricard Greenleaf 
Samuel greenleaf 
Simon Crosby 
Joseph Greenleaf 
Daniel Gray 
Aaron Abbot 

his 

John X Getchel 

mark 
his 

henery X Slomen 
mark 
his 

Isrel -f- Hunewill 

mark 

James Savage 

his 

Daniel vv McKenney 

mark 

Solomon walker 
Moses hilton 
James Johnston 
Phill: White 



Obadiah Call 
Phinehas Parker 
William Sevvall 
William Philbrook 
William Sproul 
James morton 
James Crocker 
Robert Sprouel 
James Sprouel 
John mcKown 

his 

Cornells Thornton 

mark 
liis 

John Dan 

mark 
his 

Thomas T Ilutchinsons 

mark 

his 

Ringin co Erskins 

mark 

James Miller 
Walter Cean 
Joseph fowles 
Samuel Wcthuan 
Charles Glidden 

Samuel Kelley 

hi a 
John D Speed 

mark 

his 

George Calvvell 

mark 

Francis young 

his 

George *- Clark 

mark 
John Hiscock 
Richard Hiscock 
Elisha Winslow 

his 

Cornelious Jones 

mark 

Joseph Hussey 
Thomas bumphrys 
John m'Failand 
Ephraim M'Farland 
Samuel M'Cobb 
John Beath 
William Moor 
William Fullertown 
William Fullerton Juner 

his 

Walter W Beath 

mark 

Andrew m'Farland 
Robert Wylie 
William Wylie 
Andrew Reed 



208 JSFotes and Queries, [April, 

„ . h l s T . . Charls Blagdon 

Benjamen X Lmnaken Samuel Ba e rtep 

mark 
hiB his 

Clarke X Linnaken James + Brewer 

mark mark 

Thomas Partridge Samuel Burterjr 

William hekes t T -d 

, , „ r . James -f- Brewer luner 

Joseph VVittum ma }]j J 

James Stinson John Orr 

John Leeman Daniel Leneken 

Robert Foy hia 

Ebenezar Leeman Jose P h + Leneken 

mark 

[The foregoing petition contains upwards of 400 names. Liberty has 
been taken, in one or two instances, to change the order in the list, and 
also to substitute, in a few cases, the signs -f- and X for the apparently 
fanciful characters, not easily reproduced in type, which are sometimes used 
in the original petition. — w. b. t.] 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Notes. 

Wells. — In the October number of the Register there appeared some errors 
which should not be allowed to stand, and mislead future students in genealogy, 
who look upon your work as authority. In the valuable paper upon " Inscrip- 
tions in Colchester Burying Ground," the writer continues some mistakes from 
Savage, and incidentally makes some new slips. With your leave I will review 
his record of the children of Thomas 2 Welles, on page 359, make some correc- 
tions, and add notes to make the record more full and useful. 

This Thomas Wells was son of Hugh Wells, who came from co. Essex, Eng., 
about 1635, with wife Frances and at least four children, — Thomas, Hugh, Mary 
and John. He settled in Wethersfield, where he died about 1045. Wid. Frances 
became second wife of Thomas Coleman. They removed to Hadley with her 
sons Thomas and John in 1660. John 2 settled on the Hatfield side, married 

Sarah , had nine children, and died Oct. 18, 1692. Thomas married, May, 

1651, Mary, b. 1631, dau. of Wm. and Mary Beardsley of Stratford, Ct., and 
died in 1676, leaving good estate in Hadley and Wethersfield, and a house and 
lands in England. His widow m. June 25, 1678, Samuel Beldiug of Hatfield, 
and died Sept. 20, 1691. The children of Thomas and Mary are the family 
under consideration. 

"i. Thomas, b. 10 Jan. 1652; d. in Deerfield, 1691." He was a volunteer 
under Capt. Holyoke at the Falls Fight, May 19, 1676 ; settled in Deer- 
field, 1682 ; was commissioned ensign in the militia by Col. John 
Pynchon, July 5, 1686 ; made lieut. of the " Standing Forces " by Gov. 
Andros, Feb. 18, 1686-7 — when he made up his own little private army — 
but Wells took sides against Andros in 1688, and was representative 
from Deerfield in the "People's Legislature" in 1689; was military 
commander in Deerfield from 1686 to his death in 1691. He m. Jan. 12, 
1672-3, Hepzibah, dau. of William Buel of Windsor. They had eight 
children. June 6, 1693, wid. Wells and two children were tomahawked 
by Indians and the family was broken up. Widow Wells m. (2) Feb. 
17, 1699, Daniel Belding of Deerfield; was taken prisoner when the 
town was sacked in 1704, and killed on the march to Canada. 

" ii. Mary, b. 1 Oct. 1653." She died in childhood. 

" iii. Sarah, d. young." She was b. May 5, 1655; m. April 3, 1673, David 
Hoyt, a Deerfield .settler of 1682. Hoyt was captured in 1704, and 
perished by starvation on the march to Canada. His wife died before 
this event. 

" iv. John, d. young." He was b. Jan. 4, 1657. 






1890.] JVbtes and Queries. 209 

11 v. Jonathan, of Springfield, d. 1739." He was born abont 1659 ; was never 
of Springfield ; was with his brother Thomas in the Falls Fight, and is 
known hereabouts as the "Boy Hero" of that affair. With Thomas 
he came to Deerfield and succeeded him as chief military officer ; was 
in command Feb. 29, 1704. He was the first Justice of the Peace and 
was the leading man in town for many years; d. Jan. 3, 1738-9. He 
m. 1st, Dec. 3 or 13, 1G82, Hepzibah, clau. of George Colton of Spring- 
field; m. 2d, Sept. 23, 1G98, Sarah, wid. of that Joseph Barnard of 
Deerfield who had been killed by Indians in 1695. 

" vi. John, b. 1660." He was a tailor; was drowned Jan. 20, 1679-80. 

"vii. Samuel of Northampton." He was b. 1662; m. Dec. 11, 1684, Sarah, 
dau. of Nathaniel Clark of Northampton. He d. Aug. 9, 1690. His 
wid. and only son Samuel, settled in Hartford. 

" viii. Mary." She was b. Sept. 8, 1664 ; m. 1st, Aug. 16, 1682, Stephen Belding 
of Hatfield, son of her step-father; she m. 2d, Jan. or May 2, 1723, 
Joseph Field, and d. in Northfield March 15, 1751. 

" ix. Noah, b. 26 July, 1666 ; m. Mary, prob. dau. of Daniel White of Hadley, 
&c." Daniel White was of Hatfield, and the question of this marriage 
is not yet settled. Noah was of New London 1691 ; of Deerfield L694 ; 
of Colchester as early as 1709. The writer gives a fuller account of 
the line of Noah than I have before seen. I will only add that " David, 
b. 10 Sept. 1723," son of this second Noah, settled in Shelburne, Mass., 
in 1772 ; was a revolutionary Col. and ancestor of the Shelburne and 
Rowe Wells's, one of the latter being Judge John Wells of the Supreme 
Court, late of Brookline. 

" x. Hannah, b. 4 July, 1668." She m. July 7, 1687, John White of Hatfield, 
and cl. Dec. 13, 1733. 

" xi. Ebenezek, b. July 20, 1669, &c." He followed his two brothers to 
Deerfield, but returned and d. in Hatfield. He m. 1st, Dec. 4, 1690, 
Mary, dau. of Sergt. Benjamin Waite of Hatfield, the "Hero of the 
Conn. Valley;" 2d, Aug. 15, 1705, Sarah, dau. of Samuel Smith, wid. of 
. that John Lawrence who was killed at Brookfield in King William's 
War. Six of his seven children settled in Deerfield, and this region 
is full of his descendants, 
xii. Daniel." The entries of the birth and death of Daniel are wholly in 
error, and doubtless recorded by mistake in the wrong register. There 
is no room for a Daniel here, 
xiii. Efhraim," &c. He was b. April, 1671 ; m. Jan. 23, 1696, Abigail, dau. of 
John Allis of Hatfield, a half-sister of his brother Samuel's wife ; was 
of New London 1697, soon after of Colchester. I have no knowledge 
of his family beyond what is here found. 
What I have here given is mostly from original sources. 
Deerfield, Mass. George Sheldon. 



Adams. — The following obituary and record were found in an old Scrap-book. 
The obituary was "written" (copied?) in April, 1822; the record is in the 
handwriting of the late Mr. Edwin Forster Adams of Charlestown, and probably 
was made about fifty years ago. Both are printed verbatim. 

The Rev. David Stearns graduated at Harvard College in the Class of 1728, 
with Governor Belcher and Judge Edmund Trowbridge. He died in 1761. 

The Rev. Zabdiel Adams, who died in 1801, graduated at Cambridge, in the 
Class of 1759, with Governor Trumbull, Paine Wingate and Samuel Alleyne Otis. 
His eldest son, Zabdiel Boylston Adams, graduated at Harvard in 1791, and died 
17 February, 1814; and his younger son, Henry Adams, born 13 May, 1779, was 
one of the Class of 1802, which included, among other distinguished men, 
President William Allen of Bowdoin College, James T. Austin, the Rev. Dr. 
John Codman, Prof. Levi Frisbie, Samuel Hoar, Governor Levi Lincoln and 
Leverett Saltonstall. Henry Adams died in Somerville, 13 Nov., 1862, having 
been thrice married. His son, Mr. Edwin Forster Adams, married 18 August, 
1835, Caroline Matilda, youngest daughter of Nathan and Sarah (Leach) Webb, 
and died in Charlestown, Mass., 16 August, 1871. (See Register, ante, vii. 
40-43; Wyman's Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown, pp. 10, 11, 14, 290- and 
353; Allen's American Biographical Dictionary, article Z. Adams; Forster's 
VOL. XLIV. 18 



210 Notes and Queries, [April, 

Pedigree and Descendants of Jacob Forster; and Bellows's Historical Sketch of 
Col. Benjamin Bellows, Founder of Walpole, N. II.) Henry H. Edes. 



"Died at Lunenburg March 1st 1801, the Rev d . Zabdiel B. Adams, Pastor of 
the church in that town. 

Few clerical characters have obtained so much celerety [celebrity] as the 
Rev d Gentleman whose death is here announced, A few indeed have equal pre- 
tensions to so great a share of popularity ; for it is very uncommon to find 
united in the same person so much knowledge, learning, genius and literary 
tastes as he possessed. 

In the composition of his sermons his style was pure and elegant; and 
although he was fond of treating his subject copiously and was generally diffuse 
and luxuriant, yet from zeal for what he considered important truth, and an 
ardent desire to propagate them, he was often remarkably forcible and vehement. 
In these instances he appeared more like an orator speaking from the impulse 
of the moment than like a lecturer reciting the cool reflections of his retired 
hours ; and he poured himself forth with the rapidity of a torrent. 

In the discharge of his professional duties he was both punctual aud assiduous, 
and while he endeavoured, by the mild precepts of the gospel, to engage and 
confirm others in the practice of the social virtues, he exhibited in himself a 
distinguished example of charity aud benevolence, untainted by detraction, 
ingratitude or any of those meaner vices, which so often unprinciple humanity. 
In his intercourse with the world, no man had cleaner hands : integrity, open- 
ness, candour and sincerity, are virtues which shone so conspicuously in every 
part of his behaviour that even his enemies (if he had any) , must allow hirn^to 
have possesed them in an emiuent degree. 

In private life, where he could not long dissimulate, and where therefore his 
character may be marked with the most precision, he appeared to eminent advan- 
tage, for he was received in his own family as a friend, loved as a companion, 
respected as a teacher, and revered as a guardian and benefactor. Free and 
hospitable in his disposition, he received and entertained his friends, with cordial 
satisfaction, and met the face of the stranger with gentle greetings. He sus- 
tained a long and painful illness, with perfect resignation : he waited the 
approach of that importaut hour which was to decide his hopes, and his expec- 
tations, with noble constancy, and at the age of sixty-one years (thirty-seven of 
which were devoted to the work of the gospel ministry) he closed a very 
useful and honorable life, to join the band of kindred spirits in the heavenly 
world." 

The Character of Rev d Z. B. Adams. 
1801. 
Written by Henry A. Adams, 
April— 1822. 

II. 

June 6. 1765. Rev d . Zabdiel Adams was married to Elizabeth Stearns daughter 
of Rev d David Stearns. — 1806 Jan»y 1 st Henry Adams their son was married to 
Susan Forster daughter of Jacob Forster. [Charlestown Church Records give 
this date 1 January, 1807.] 

Elizabeth Adams died August 15 th . 1800. — Rev Zabdiel Adams died March 1 st . 
1801. 

Henry Augustus Adams, child of Henry and Susan Adams, died at sea on his 
voyage from Jamaica to Cape May, with cram}) in his stomach, Jan^ 31 st 1823 
aged 15 yrs. G m's & 17 days. — Sailed from Boston Oct. 16. 1822. in Brig Sarah 
Ann. 

George Bellows Adams, son of Henry & Susan Adams, died at Asburnham, 
Mass. aged 15 yrs. 10 ins & 17.— died May 17 th 1827 or 28? [Born 21 July, 1812.] 

Susan Adams, wife of Henry Adams died at Lexington Mass. Jan^ 12 th 1831. 

Henry A. Adams, born July 13 th 1807.— Edwin Forster Adams, Oct. 7 th 1809. 
George Bellows Adams July*21 th 1812. 

Elizabeth Adams — daughter of Zabdiel & Elizabeth Adams, born March 22 d 
1766.— Mrs. Snow. 






1890.] Notes and Queries. 211 

Ann Adams — daughter of Zabdiel & Elizabeth Adams, born June 1 st 1767— Ann 

Cunningham died Aug st 24 th 1793. 
Hannah Adams— daughter of Zabdiel & Elizabeth Adams, born May 25. 1769. 

Hannah Cunningham died July 6. 1840. 
Zabdiel B. Adams — son of Zabdiel & Elizabeth Adams, born Aug 8t 25. 1770. — 

Z. B. Adams died Feb? 17. 1814. 
Lucy Adams — daughter of Zabdiel & Elizabeth Adams, born Aug st 23 d 1772. — 

Lucy Adams died Nov r 22 d 1775. 
Mary Adams — daughter of Zabdiel & Elizabeth Adams, born July 17 1774. — 

Mrs. Bellows. [Mother of Judge Henry A. Bellows of Walpole and Con- 
cord, N. II.] 
Sarah Adams — daughter of Zabdiel & Elizabeth Adams, born April 2 d 1776. — 

Sarah Hosmer died 1804. 
Katharine Adams — daughter of Zabdiel & Elizabeth Adams, born Nov r 24. 

1777.— Katharine Kimball died May 20. 1822. 
Henry Adams — son of Zabdiel & Elizabeth Adams, born May 13. 177!). 
Frances Adams — daughter of Zabdiel & Elizabeth Adams, born Jan? 25. 1781. — 

Mrs. Houghton. 
Abigal Adams — daughter of Zabdiel & Elizabeth Adams, born Dec 7. 1783. — 

Abigal Devens — died Sep r 8. 1821. [Wife of David Devens of Charlestown, 

Mass.] 

Jacob Forster died Sept r 1 st 1838. ae 74.— Chs. F. Waldo died Aug 8 * 30 th 1838.— 

54 yrs. [He married Sarah Vose Forster, daughter of Jacob Forster.] 
Joseph Bellows — died March 21. 1821. aged 50 yrs. 



Robert Williams ofKoxbury. — Savage, when treating of Robert Williams 
of Roxbury, writes, he "came, it is said, from Norwich, co. Norfolk," and, 
speaking of his will, " names gr. ch. Deborah Totman, and Eliz. Robinson, for 
wh. I find not the mos. so that we are uncertain, whether he had two ds. m. or 
three. His eldest d. Mary m. Nicholas Wood: w. Eliz. d. last of June, or 28 
July 1674, by strange carelessness in the town rec. call. 80 yrs. old, when she 
prob. was a dozen yrs. younger." As Robert W. was so careful to mention 
two mysterious granddaughters, it is strange that he did not mention some of 
the numerous children of Mary (Williams) Wood, if she were his daughter. 
That she was some connection is shown by Robert 1 and Samuel 2 Williams being 
of those who inventoried the estate of Nicholas Wood. The second wife of 
Nicholas was named Anna. 

The only Deborahs of the Totman family in either Plymouth or Massachusetts, 
at the date of the will of Robert Williams, were Deborah (Turner) Totman, 
wife of Jabez Totman and daughter of John Turner of Roxbury-Medficld, and 
her daughter Deborah, then 12 years old. The mother of Deborah Turner was 
married to John Turner in 1648, and was his second wife, as the daughter 
Elizabeth was born to a first wife who died in child-bed, according to the church 
records, or ten days after her daughter's birth if we follow town records. John 
Turner's second wife was Deborah, and probably Deborah Williams, eldest 
daughter of Robert, as all her children have names that are found, at least 
twice each, in the children and grandchildren of Robert, viz. : — John, Isaac, 
Samuel, Mary, Sarah, and Hannah. 

The Elizabeth Williams who owned the covenant, or was admitted to the 
Roxbury church in 1644, was a daughter of Robert and not of his son John, as 
John could not have been the son of Robert, if he had been old enough to have 
had a daughter admitted in 1644. 

Savage was right in subtracting 12 years from the age of Elizabeth, wife of 
Robert, and family tradition, that made him 99 years old at date of death, was 
equally wrong with the record that made her 80. If we will turn to the Register, 
xiv. p. 325, we shall find that the mutilated entry, there given, substantiates 
the ages of Robert and Elizabeth as conjectured by Savage; the tradition that 
they came from Norwich, co. Norfolk, that their children were Samuel, John, 
Elizabeth, and Deborah, and sets at rest the idea that Mary Williams was a 
daughter. We evidently have the two wives of Nicholas Wood as connections 
of Robert, and not daughters. Of those who were examined on April 8 and 
April 11, 1637, two were made freemen the same day as was Robert, and four, 



212 Notes and Queries. [April, 

two months before him. All of them were from Norfolk Co. in the vicinity of 
Norwich. The entry, as written, probably read : 

" [April 8 th 1637. The examinaction of Robert Williams] of Norwich in 
Norii". cordwaynar, aged 28 years and [Elizabeth his wife, aged 27 years] with 
4 children, Samuel, John, Elizabeth, and Debra [and two servants, Mary Wil- 
liams] aged 18 yeres, and Anne Williams, aged 15 yeres [are desirous to passe 
to Bostone in New] England' to Inhabitt." 

Bethlehem, Penn. Edward H. Williams, Jr. 



Queries. 

Baker — Cunningham — Ford— Hawkes — Lamson — Putnam — Sloan. — Seve- 
ral years ago the subscriber was requested by a vote of the Church of The 
Harvard Church in Charlestown to complete, as far as possible, the early Regis- 
ters of the Church, especially those kept by the Rev. Thomas Prentiss (H. C. 
1811) and the Rev. Dr. James Walker. At the beginning of Dr. George E. 
Ellis's pastorate, in 1840, he opened a new volume of Registers. In the Baptis- 
mal Register he began to record the dates of birth besides those of baptism ; 
and this custom has been continued for half a century, till the present time. 
The present representatives of all of the more than three hundred persons bap- 
tized by Mr. Prentiss and Dr. Walker between 1816 and 1839 have been found 
(except twelve belonging to the three families of Baker, Cunningham and Ford, 
enumerated below) and the dates of birth recovered from family records of un- 
doubted authenticity and recorded in the Registers. Besides the dates of birth of 
the twelve persons just mentioned only twelve other dates remain to be recovered 
to complete these Registers which are extremely valuable, since they cover a 
period during which the Town Records of Births are most defective. The dates 
last referred to will probably be secured in time, the present representatives of 
those to whom the dates relate being in Europe or out of the State. All of 
these twenty-four missing dates belong in Dr. Walker's Registers. The Regis- 
ters of Mr. Prentiss are now absolutely complete. The Church will be grateful 
to any person who will be kind enough to give any information, fact or hint, 
however trifling, as to any or all of the members of the following named families, 
such as the names and addresses of their present representatives, or the occupa- 
tion, place of residence or personal appearance or habits of the persons them- 
selves. 

Boston, 17 March, 1890. Henry H. Edes, 

P. O. Box 1463. Recorder of the Harvard Church in Charlestown. 

Baker. — James and Mary T. Baker had three children baptized " at home " by 
Dr. Walker, 25 July, 1824 : William Cleveland Baker, James Perkins Baker and 
Joseph Lee Baker. The full dates of their birth are wanted. 

James Baker was in Charlestown as early as 10 August, 1819, when he bought 
pew No. 97 in The Harvard Church, and removed to Boston about 1826. His 
estate — "James Baker, late of Boston, merchant" — was probated in Suffolk, 
No. 28,797. George Lee, master-mariner, of Boston, at the request of the 
widow, petitioned for administration 8 Dec. 1828 ; the petition was continued 
several times till 9 February, 1829, when it was granted ; and 9 March, 1829, the 
administrator reported that no property had come to his hands or knowledge. 
Lee's bond for $1,000 was signed by Jacob B. Comegys and by George I. Galvin, 
lumber merchant on Otis's and Central Wharves, Boston, who married Baker's 
widow in Boston 24 April, 1829. George Lee, administrator, and Mary T. 
Galvin, by deed dated at Roxbury 13 July, 1833, sold pew No. 97 to John 
Sweetscr and William Lund. 

It is surmised that this family came from Belfast, Maine, or its vicinity. 

Cunningham. — Calvin Cunningham's wife Mary was baptized and admitted 
to the Church 2 February, 1823. Their son Charles had died here 2 February, 
1822. Their son George was baptized 15 January, 1823, " in private because of 
sickness ; " their children Mary-Ann and Calvin were baptized 4 May, 1823 ; and 
their daughter Lucy was baptized 29 October, 1824. 

No trace whatever of this family has been found unless the Calvin Cunningham, 
tallow-chandler, at the South end of Washington Street, who appears in the 
Boston Directory for 1829, is identical with our parishioner. The full dates of 



1890.] Notes and Queries, 213 

birth of Mary Cunningham and her children, and the maiden name, parentage 
and date and place of death of Mrs. Cunningham are wanted. 

Ford. — James Ford's two children, Charlotte-Mary-Isabella and James-Kenny 
were baptized " in private" 5 April, 1822 ; and two others, Heloise and Helen- 
Renny, were baptized " in private, at Boston," 1 July, 1824. The fall dates of 
birth of these four children are wanted. 

Mr. Ford was a Scotchman introduced here by the Ruthvens, one of whom 
married the late Mr. Robert Waterston. The Fords were in Charlestown only 
two or three years. They kept a boarding-school for girls and received day 
pupils in that part of the large double house on High Street subsequently occu- 
pied by Paul Willard. The school-room was the lower front room. Mrs. Ford, 
by one person called " a little Scotch woman " and by another a French woman, 
in 1822, was apparently under thirty, her husband being much older than his 
wife. She taught drawing, painting and music in the school. Their two 
children were called "Polly," aged about three, and " Jaggo," about one year 
old, in 1822-23. Mr. Ford is described by one of his pupils as " short, fleshy, 
peculiar and eccentric in manners and dress." He went daily to market in a kind 
of pea-jacket, made of green-plaided woolen stuff, containing innumerable 
pockets of all sizes in which he earned home his purchases. It was the custom 
of Mr. and Mrs. Ford to bathe daily in Mystic river, even in very cold weather. 
In 1823 they removed to Boston and opened an " Academy " on Mt. Vernon and 
Olive Streets, but soon abandoned it. In 1829 Mr. Ford was in Augusta, Maine, 
the pastor of the Unitarian Church. In North's History of Augusta he is called 
11 William Ford, a Scotchman; " but James Ford's Charlestown pupils insist that 
he became a Unitarian minister. One of his parishioners in 1829 describes him 
as " a good preacher, tall, amply developed and eminently conspicuous at all 
times, which, united to his voice and manner gave rather a strong impression of 
self -appreciation ; but he was always affable, obliging and kind." Another of 
his Charlestown pupils writes that the last she heard of Mr. Ford, he "had 
gone South, I think to Baltimore, and was there a Unitarian minister." 

What was Mr. Ford's history after leaving Augusta and where are his descen- 
dants? And were the Scotch pedagogue and the Scotch preacher identical? 

Hawkes. — Susan Hawkes, daughter of Daniel and Rachel (Allen) Hawkes, died 
in Charlestown 22 or 23 April, 1867, aged 51 years, the wife of Joseph Hunnewell. 
She was sister of the late Moses Hawkes, and is said to have been born in Saugus 
in 1816. The full date of her birth is wanted. 

Lamson. — Charlotte [T.] Lamson died in Arlington, Mass., 5 March, 1868, 
aged 72. Her parents, John Lamson of Exeter, N. H., and Sally Townshend of 
Charlestown, Mass., were married in Charlestown 6 October, 1793. The daugh- 
ter, a sister of Mrs. Nathan Pratt, is said to have been born in Exeter. The 
full date of her birth is wanted. 

Putnam. — Dr. Aaron Putnam's son Fitch-Poole Putnam and Elizabeth his 
wife had a son Edward Putnam baptized by Dr. Walker 5 September, 1819, 
who became an Episcopal clergyman, and died in Vermont nearly forty years 
ago, unless the clergyman was a second Edward born a year or two after 1819. 
The full date of his birth is wanted. 

Sloan. — Francis Sloan was baptized 1 July, 1827. His father of the same 
name was a sail-maker at the head of Central Wharf, Boston, who lived on 
Copp's Hill, where the son was born 1818-20. After the father's death the son 
was taken into the family of his grand-uncle, Capt. Benjamin Swift of Charles- 
town. Francis junior had a sister. He lived at one time in Abington, Mass. 
His present address is wanted, as well as the full date of his birth. 



Hitchcock. — Luke Hitchcock took freeman's oath in New Haven, in company 
with Edward Hitchcock, July 1, 1644. Probably living in Wethersfield in 1646. 
He married Elizabeth Gibbons, sister of William Gibbons of Hartford. Family 
tradition says that he settled first on our eastern coast. His children were : — 
John; Hannah, born 1645; and Luke, Jr., born in Wethersfield, June 5, 1655. 

Wanted, the elate and place of the first settlement of Luke in this country, 
the date and place of his marriage to Elizabeth Gibbons, and the date and place 
of birth of his son John and daughter Hannah. 

Amherst, Mass. Mrs. Mary L. Hitchcock. 

VOL. XLIV. 18* 



214 Notes and Queries. [April, 

Addresses Wanted. — The Committee on the Rolls of Membership of the 
New-England Historic Genealogical Society wish to obtain the present ad- 
dresses of the following corresponding members, and will be greatly obliged 
to any one who will assist them : 

1. James Carnahan Wetmore, author of the Wetmore Genealogy. Elected, 
1861. When last heard from was in Ohio. 

2. Rev. William Thomas Smithett, D.D., Episcopal Clergyman. Elected, 1859. 
When last heard from was of Omemee, in the diocese of Toronto, Canada. 

3. Henry Maine, formerly of Brooklyn, N. Y. Elected, 1862. Said to have 
removed to Port Jervis, N. Y., but letters addressed there do not, apparently, 
reach him. 

Geo. Kuhn Clarke, 
Chairman. 



Full Names Wanted. — The undersigned wishes to obtain the full names of 
the following gentlemen who were formerly members of the New-England 
Historic Genealogical Society, and will be greatly obliged to any one who will 
assist him. The date prefixed to the name is that of admission to the society. 
1855 — Lewis H. Webb of Rockingham, N. C, later of Virginia. 1859 — Rev. 
Denzell M. Crane of Boston, Baptist clergyman (died in South Acton Sept. 4, 
1879). 1865— George S. Page of Brooklyn, N. Y., William S. Anderson of 
Boston. 1866— Abel B. Berry of Randolph. 1867— James P. Bush of Boston, 
William H. Osborne of East Bridgewater. 1868. — John D. Towle, architect, 
of Boston. 1878 — Henry C. Hayden of Newtonville. 

Geo. Kuhn Clarke, 
Chairman of Committee on the Bolls of Membership. 



Holmes. — John Holmes went from Portsmouth, N. H., in the fall of 1797, to 
Jefferson, N. H., in company with William Ingerson, Samuel Hart and John 
Marden, all of them having families with them at that time. Land was deeded 
to John Holmes by Col. Joseph Whipple at Jefferson, and the next year the tax 
list shows the names of John, George and Lazarus Holmes. An untrustworthy 
family tradition says that ' ' three Holmes brothers " came from England about 
1750, to Portsmouth, with one Captain Whipple, and with whom they afterwards 
went to Jefferson and obtained land there. There were Holmeses at Portsmouth 
as early as 1699 ; the records of North Church and the town records both show 
these. Benjamin, son of Lazarus Holmes, was baptized there Oct. 29, 1710. It 
is extremely probable that the Holmeses at Jefferson were from the early family 
at Portsmouth, and that the tradition about the three brothers coming from 
England about 1750 has no foundation. Will any person tell me the origin of 
the John Holmes who went from Portsmouth to Jefferson in 1797. 

Fort Custer, Montana. F. K. Upham. 



Wright. — I am anxious to obtain some information on the following points, 
for use in a genealogical work I am compiling. 

In 1636-7, there came from England to Saugus, now Lynn, Mass., three broth- 
ers, Anthony, Nicholas and Peter Wright. I wish a reference to find some 
account respecting them, their arrival, name of ship, etc. 

Subsequently, and about 1638-9, these three brothers removed to Sandwich, 
Mass. They became quakers. From the old Quaker or Town Records of Sand- 
wich, I wish to obtain the records of the marriage of two of these brothers, 
Nicholas and Peter, and the dates of the births, &c, of their children. Where 
can I now find these old records or obtain the information I seek? 

Perhaps some reader may be able to give some information on one or both 
these points. H. D. Perrine. 

58 William St., New York. 

Salter. — Information is desired that will throw some light on the history of 
the Portsmouth Salters. In Exeter may be seen a copy of will of John Salter 
of Rye, Gent., dated May 12, 1752, "being advanced in years." 

William Salter of Boston left a will dated May 11, 1675, and refers to a legacy 
to my son John " who was gone away." 



1890.] Notes and Queries. 215 

The Jersey Salters have a tradition that several brothers, banished from Eng- 
land after the accession of Charles II., landed in Boston, — where one remained, 
and that Richard Salter settled in Monmouth Co., N. J., where as early as 1G87 
he was a lawyer of marked ability and high social standing. In 1695 he was 
elected a member of the House of Deputies. 

New York Historical Society. William T. Salter. 



Henchman. — Daniel, the first of the family in America, is said to have had 
six sons, the youngest being Daniel, b. 16 June, 1677. Was the latter the same 
who went to Dorchester, S. C. ; and was he the father of Daniel, who in July, 
1730, sold all his interest in the lands of his grandfather, Daniel Henchman, in 
the township of Worcester? What became of Susannah, Jane and Mary Hench- 
man, daughters of the first Daniel? 

I should be glad to receive any information about the descendants of Daniel 
Henchman in the male or female line. F. E. Bradlsii. 



Waldron. — Richard Canney Waldron was a soldier in the Dover, N. H., Com- 
pany in the expedition against Louisbourg, 1744-5. He was the father of Col. 
Isaac Waldron who settled in Barrington, N. H., and who was born in 1747. 

It is greatly desired to find any facts throwing light upon the parentage of 
the said Richard Canney (or Kenney) Waldron. 

East Boston. Geo. M. Bodge. 



Williams. — Information will be thankfully received as to the ancestors of 
Daniel Williams who married Lydia Abell at Lebanon, Conn., June 19, 1711, or 
as to whether his father was Augustine Williams who resided in Killingworth, 
Conn., about the year 1700. J. H. Williams. 

293 Henry St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 



Replies. 

Andre Fry (Register, xliv. 116). — The author of the query about this per- 
son, who was a Canadian captive in 1713, may, perhaps, get a clew from the fact 
that Adrian Fry was of Kittery, 1668-82, where he had land grants; and Pike's 
Journal (N. H. Hist. Soc.) records the marriage of Adrian Frie and Mercy 
Chapman, 8 June, 1705. c. e. b. 



Historical Intelligence. 

The American Folk-lore Society was formed about three years ago to 
collect and preserve the "Folk-lore" of our continent, and especially of the 
United States. Membership is open to every one who will forward to the 
Society's treasurer, Mr. Henry Phillips, Jr., No. 104 South Fifth Street, Phila- 
delphia, the sum of three dollars, the annual fee for membership. For this the 
" Journal of American Folk-lore," a handsomely printed quarterly periodical, will 
be sent them. It is intended that local branches shall be formed; and the Phila- 
delphia members of the Society have taken the initiative by creating the " Phila- 
delphia Chapter of the American Folk-lore Society," a circular of which is 
before us. A schedule of topics which will be separately discussed at the 
meetings of the Chapter is given in the circular. For further information 
application can be made to the secretary of the Chapter, Mr. Stewart Culin, 127 
South Front Street, Philadelphia, Pa. We wish the Society success. 



Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to 
furnish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families 
and other information which they think may be useful. We would suggest that 
all facts of interest illustrating family history or character be communicated, 



216 Societies and their Proceedings, [April, 

especially service under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, 
graduation from college or professional schools, occupation, with places and 
dates of birth, marriages, residence and death. When there are more than one 
christian name they should all be given in full if possible. No initials should be 
used when the full names are known. 

Drake. — The Rev. W. L. Chaffin, of North Easton, Mass., has in preparation a 
Genealogy of the descendants of Thomas Drake, of Weymouth, Mass., who 
died in 1692, and whose descendants settled in Easton, Taunton, Stoughton, 
Sharon and Midclleboro', Mass., and are now in many other places. All mem- 
bers of this family are earnestly requested to forward facts, dates and information 
to Rev. Mr. Chaffin. 

French. — John Marshall French, P. 0. Box 28, Milford, Mass., is collecting, 
with the hope of publishing, the family history of William French, an early 
settler of Cambridge and Billerica, Mass., and his descendants. He solicits the 
cooperation of members of the family. 

Lane. — The records of the Lane Family, collected by Dea. Edmund J. Lane 
and the Rev. James P. Lane, both deceased, have been committed to the Rev. 
Jacob Chapman of Exeter and the Rev. James H. Fitts of South Newmarket, 
N. H., to revise, arrange and complete for the press. Their experience and 
ability will ensure a full and reliable genealogy. Descendants are recommended 
to send their records and subscriptions to them early. The subscription price of 
the work is three dollars a volume, or in that proportion, if the volume exceeds 
300 octavo pages. 

Street. — In the Register for October, 1879, we announced that Mr. Henry A. 
Street of New Haven, Ct., had in preparation a genealogy of the descendants of 
Rev. Nicholas Street. We are happy to announce that the work is now nearly 
ready for printing. An association has been formed by the name of "The 
Street Family Association of England and America," under whose auspices the 
book will be published. Mrs. Mary A. Street of Exeter, N. H. , is the correspond- 
ing secretary. A general meeting of the Association will be held at New Haven 
on the 26th and 27th of next June. At this gathering of the family, an address 
by Rev. George E. Street of Exeter, N. H., will be delivered. 

Items for the Street Genealogy may be sent to Mrs. Street of Exeter, the 
corresponding secretary. 

An article giving the early generations of this family will be found in the pre- 
sent number of the Register, p. 188. 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PROCEEDINGS. 

New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Massachusetts, Wednesday, November 6, 1889. — A monthly meeting was 
held this afternoon at half past three o'clock, in the Society's House, 18 Somer- 
set St., the president, Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., in the chair. 

Mr. Edwin D. Mead read a paper on "Washington's Relations to the Great 
West." 

Francis H. Brown, M.D., the corresponding secretary, reported the name of 
one gentleman who had accepted his election to resident membership. 

December 4. — A monthly meeting was held at 3.30 P.M., president Goodell in 
the chair. 

Mr. William W. Wheildon of Concord, Mass. , read a paper entitled, " A Review 
of Governor Gage's Administration and a History of the Massachusetts Provin- 
cial Congress." Remarks followed from the president of the society. 

The corresponding secretary reported the names of seven gentlemen who 
had accepted their election as resident members. He also submitted a copy of 
a letter to the Commissioners of the State House Extension, by a committee of 
this society, with a list of the articles prepared by said committee to be placed 
in the box under the corner stone of the Extension. 






1890.] Societies mid their Proceedings. 217 

The president called attention to the death of Mr. William Henry Montague 
of Boston, the last survivor of the original members and founders of the society, 
and appointed Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., and Messrs. William B. Trask and 
John Ward Dean, a committee to prepare resolutions of respect to his memory. 

The president also appointed Rev. Henry F. Jenks and Messrs. Augustus T. 
Perkins, David B. Flint, George B. Chase and Henry E. Woods, a committee to 
nominate officers for the ensuing year ; and Hon. Henry L. Pierce and Mr. Samuel 
E. Sawyer a committee to audit the treasurer's accounts. 

January 1, 1890. — The Annual Meeting was held at 3.30 this afternoon, the 
president, Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., in the chair. 

Dr. Francis H. Brown, the corresponding secretary, reported the names of 
three gentlemen who, during the year, had accepted resident membership, and 
one who accepted corresponding membership, to which they had been elected. 
He also reported that official notice had been received from the executor of 
the late Hon. Charles L. Flint, that he was prepared to pay five thousand 
dollars, bequeathed to the Society by Mr. Flint. 

Mr. Thomas F. Millett, assistant librarian, reported that 232 volumes and 489 
pamphlets had been received as donations during the year. 

Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., the historiographer, reported that information 
had been received of the deaths of 41 members who died in 1889, and 38 who 
died in previous years. 

William B. Trask, A.M., in behalf of the committee appointed in December, 
reported resolutions on the death of Mr. William Henry Montague, the last 
survivor of the founders of the Society, which were unanimously adopted. 

The Rev. Henry F. Jenks, chairman of the nominating committee, reported 
the following list of candidates for officers for the ensuing year : 

President. — Abner Cheney Goodell, Jr., A.M., of Salem, Mass. 

Vice Presidents. — William Endicott, Jr., A.M., of Boston, Mass. ; Hon. Joseph 
Williamson, A.M., of Belfast, Me. ; Joseph Burbeen Walker, A.M., of Concord, 
N. H. ; Hon. James Barrett, LL.D., of Rutland, Vt. ; Elisha Benjamin Andrews, 
D.D., LL.D., of Providence, R. I.; Hon. Edwin Holmes Bugbee, of Killingly, 
Conn. 

Becording Secretary. — George Kuhn Clarke, LL.B., of Needham, Mass. 

Corresponding Secretary. — Francis Henry Brown, M.D., of Boston, Mass. 

Treasurer. — Benjamin Barstow Torrey, of Boston, Mass. 

Council. — For the term expiring in 1893 : Grenville Howland Norcross, LL.B., 
of Boston, Mass.; Benjamin Apthorp Gould, LL.D., of Cambridge, Mass.; 
Henry Herbert Ecles, of Boston, Mass. 

The list was balloted for, and all the candidates were elected. 

President Goodell then delivered his annual address. 

Mr. Benjamin B. Torrey, the treasurer, reported that at the beginning of 1889 
there was on hand $530.73; the income during the year was $2,936.56, making 
the total receipts $3,467.29 ; and that the expenditures were $3,389.99, leaving a 
balance on hand of $77.30. He also reported that $2,000 had been received in 
legacies in 1889, and that the total amount of funds belonging to the Society 
was $70,037.15. 

William B. Trask, A.M., presented the annual report of the trustees of the 
Kidder Fund ; Rev. Henry A. Hazen, Chairman, the report of the committee on 
the library; Hamilton A. Hill, A.M., Chairman, the report of the committee on 
memorials; and John T. Hassam, A.M., Chairman, the report of the committee 
on English Research. 

Owing to the illness of Col. Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Chairman of the 
committee on papers and essays, no report was presented by that committee. 

Mr. Henry H. Edes spoke of the declination of David G. Haskins, Jr., A.M. 
(who had served seventeen years) , to be a candidate for reelection as recording 
secretary, and offered resolutions recognizing the ability, rare fidelity and unfail- 
ing courtesy shown in the performance of his duties. The resolutions were 
unanimously adopted. 

It was voted that the president's address and the several reports and papers 
be referred to the Council with full powers. 

February 5th. — A monthly meeting was held this afternoon, President Goodell 
in the chair. 

In the absence of the recording secretary, Mr. Walter K. Watkins was chosen 
secretary pro tern. 



218 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

The president announced the resignation of Mr. George K. Clarke as recording 
secretary. G. Arthur Hilton, LL.B. , -was chosen to fill the vacancy. 

Edward Channing, Ph. 1). , assistant professor of History in Harvard University, 
read a paper on " The Legislative Tower of Parliament over Colonies." 

The corresponding secretary reported the names of four persons who have 
accepted membership. 

March 5th. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon, President Goodell in 
the chair. 

A paper by Mr. William Henry Lee on Maj. Gen. John Patterson was read by 
Thomas Cushing, A.M. 

Mr. Hilton read the report of the corresponding secretary who was absent. 
The report named nine persons who had accepted membership. 

Mr. Hill, the historiographer, reported the deaths of Messrs. William Wilkins 
Warren and Carmi E. King. 

New Haven Colony Historical Society. 

New Haven, Conn., Wednesday, October 23, 1889. — The first meeting of the 
season was held in the Common Pleas Court Room. A paper on "Recent 
Changes in Constitutional Government " was read by the president, Prof. Simeon 
E. Baldwin. 

Monday, Nov. 25. — The annual meeting was held in the new rooms of the 
Society in the Insurance Building. Reports from various officers were received. 
The additions to the library during the year were 291 volumes and 645 pamphlets. 
The following officers were elected for the ensuing year : 

President. — Prof. Simeon E. Baldwin, A.M. 

Vice-President. — Hon. James E. English. 

Secretary. — Thomas R. Trowbridge, Esq. 

Treasurer. — Charles S. Lerte, Esq. 

A paper on " President Clap [of Yale] and his writings" was read by Prof. 
Franklin B. Dexter. 

Monday, December 12. — A paper on " An Old English Chronicle" was read by 
Prof. James M. Hoppin. 

Saturday, January 18, 1890. — A special meeting. The curator read a list of 
donations, which included a manuscript history with genealogies of East Haven, 
Conn., bequeathed to the Society by the author, Rev. D. Williams Havens. A 
paper on "The Peace Conference of 18G1" was read by Wm. W. Hoppin, Jr., 
of New York city, one of the secretaries of the conference. A letter was read 
from Rev. F. M. Beaumont of Coventry, England, accepting his election as a 
corresponding member. 

Monday, February 17. — The regular monthly meeting was held this evening. 
The president announced that Robert Purvis, Esq., of Philadelphia, had ex- 
pressed his desire that this Society should be the eventual custodian of the 
portrait of Cingue, the Amistad captive painted for him by Nathaniel Jocelyn. 
A paper on the " Talmud " was read by Rev. Lewis Kleeberg. 

Ehode Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, November 12, 1889. — The second of the Society's fort- 
nightly meetings this season was held this evening. 

Rev. George H. Clarke, D.D., of Hartford, Ct., read a paper on " Oliver 
Cromwell," giving a minute account of the early life of Cromwell, and follow 
ing him step by step till the day of his death. Dr. Clarke assigned the Protector 
a place in history among the ablest and best rulers of England. 

Nov. 12. — A meeting was held this evening. 

Prof. J. Franklin Jameson of Brown University read a paper on " The De- 
velopment of Historical Writing in Modern Europe." 

December 10. — A meeting was held this evening at eight o'clock. 

Mr. John C. Pegram of Providence read a paper entitled, " The United States 
Naval School and its removal to Newport in 18(51." 

Dece mber 31. — A meeting was held this evening. 

Mr. Amos M. Eaton read a paper on the "Legal Condition of Women in 
Rhode Island." 



1890.] Societies and their Proceedings. 219 

State Historical Society of Wisconsin. 

Madison, Thursday, January 2, 1890. — The thirty-seventh annual meeting was 
held this evening, in the south wing of the Capitol. In the absence of the 
president, Hon. Simon Mills, vice-president, occupied the chair. 

Mr. Reuben G. Thwaites, the corresponding secretary, presented the thirty- 
sixth annual report of the executive committee, which was adopted. 

Hon. N. B. Van Slyke, chairman of the finance committee, and Hon. Samuel 
D. Hastings, chairman of the auditing committee, made their reports, which were 
adopted. 

This being the time for the triennial election, the following officers were 
chosen for the ensuing term of three years : 

President. — Hon. John Johnston, Milwaukee. 

Vice Presidents. — Hon. Harlow S. Orton, LL.D., Madison; Hon. James T. 
Lewis, LL.D., Columbus; Hon. James Sutherland, Janesville; Chauneey C. 
Britt, Portage; Hon. John II. Rountree, Platteville; Hon. Simeon Mills, Madi- 
son; Hon. John F. Potter, East Troy ; Samuel Marshall, Milwaukee ; Hon. John 
T. Kingston, Necedah; Hon. Moses M. Strong, Mineral Point; Hon. Charles I. 
Colby, Milwaukee ; Hon. J. J. Guppey, Portage : Hon. Philetus Sawyer, Osh- 
kosh; Hon. David E. Welch, Baraboo ; James D. Butler, LL.D., Madison, and 
Hon. Gysbert Van Steenwyck, La Crosse. 

Honorary Vice Presidents. — F. L. Billon, Missouri; Robert Clarke, Ohio; 
Benson J. Lossing, LL.D., New York; William H. Wyman, Ohio; Charles 
Fairchild, Massachusetts; Col. Stephen V. Shipman, Illinois; Hon. Amasa 
Cobb, Nebraska; Col. Reuben T. Durrett, Kentucky; Samuel H. Hunt, New 
Jersey; Simon Gratz, Pennsylvania; Francis Parkman, LL.D., Massachusetts, 
and lit. Rev. William Stevens Perry, D.D., LL.D., Bishop of Iowa. 

Corresponding Secretary. — Reuben G. Thwaites. 

Becording Secretary. — Elisha Burdick. 

Treasurer. — Frank F. Proudfit. 

Librarian. — Daniel S. Durrie. 

Curators were elected as follows : 

Term expires at annual meeting in 1891 (to fill vacancy) — Rasmus B. Anderson, 
LL.D. 

Term expires at annual meeting in 1892 (to fill vacancies) — William A. 
McAtee, D.D., and Rev. Joseph Henry Crooker. 

Term expires at annual meeting in 1893 — Gen. Lucius Fairchild, J. II. Car- 
penter, LL.D., Hon. Breese J. Stevens, Maj. Frank W. Oakley, William A. P. 
Morris, Wayne Ramsay, Alexander H. Main, Maj. Charles G. Mayers, Hon. M. 
R. Dovon, Prof. William H. Rosenstengel, Prof. Frederick J. Turner and Prof. 
Albert O. Wright. 

Memorial addresses on deceased members were presented as follows : — On 
Hon. Nelson Dewey, by Hon. Silas U. Pinney. On Prof. William F. Allen, by 
Prof. David B. Frankenburger. On Hon. Arthur B. Braley, by Ella Wheeler 
Wilcox. On Hon. Mortimer M. Jackson, by the late Gen. David Atwood. On 
David Atwood, by Reuben G. Thwaites. 

Kansas Historical Society. 

Topeka, Tuesday, January 21, 1890. — The annual meeting was held this eve- 
ning. In the absence of the president, Hon. William A. Phillips, the chair was 
taken by the senior vice-president, Hon. C. K. Holliday. 

Hon. Franklin G. Adams, the secretary, read the report of the board of di- 
rectors. The report relates chiefly to the library, the catalogue and the finances. 
During the year 187G, the first year of the Society's existence, the accessions to 
the library were, 280 volumes of books, 54 volumes of newspapers and periodic- 
als, and 71 pamphlets, making a total of 408. In 1889, the accessions were, 
1,2G9 volumes of books, 1,053 volumes of newspapers and periodicals, and 2,248 
pamphlets, making a total of 4,570. There are now in the library 20,274 volumes 
and 32,601 pamphlets. A catalogue is in preparation, and the first volume, 
which will be confined to matter exclusively pertaining to Kansas, will be issued 
by the end of the present year. 

Owing to the sickness and absence of president Phillips, his address was read 



220 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [April, 

by Hon. T. D. Thacher. The subject was "Lights and Shadows of Kansas 
History." The address was published in full in the Topeka Daily Capital, Jan. 
26, 1890. 

The following officers for the ensuing year were elected :— 

President.— C. K. Holliday of Topeka. 

Vice-Presidents.— James S. Emery of Lawrence and Gov. L. U. Humphrey of 
Independence. 

The secretary, F. G. Adams, and the treasurer, John Francis, hold over. 

A board of directors was also elected. 



NECROLOGY OF THE NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., Historiographer of the Society. 

The Historiographer would inform the Society, that the sketches prepared 
for the Register are necessarily brief in consequence of the limited space 
which can be appropriated. All the facts, however, which can be gath- 
ered are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in more ex- 
tended memoirs for which the " Towne Memorial Fund," the gift of the 
late William B. Towne, is provided. Four volumes, printed at the charge 
of this fund, entitled " Memorial Biographies," edited by the Commit- 
tee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of all the 
members who have died from the organization of the Society to the year 
1862. A fifth volume is in preparation. 

Hon. Horace Fairbanks was the son of Erastus and Lois (Crosman) Fair- 
banks, and was born in Barnet, Vermont, March 21, 1820. His father had not 
then entered upon the career which was to make the family name known and 
respected throughout the world, but five years later, in 1825, he moved with 
his family to St. Johnsbury, and, with his brother Thadcleus, formed the firm 
of E. & T. Fairbanks, and entered upon the manufacture of platform scales. 
His son, Horace, was educated at the common schools of St. Johnsbury, and 
the academies of Peacham and Lyndon, finishing his course at Phillips Academy, 
Anclover. He entered the service of his father's firm, in the first place as a 
confidential clerk, and at once showed himself capable of assuming important 
duties ; at the age of twenty-three he became a partner. The management of 
the financial affairs of the firm gradually devolved upon him, and for many years, 
and during the most active portion of his life, he was practically in control of 
this department of the business. In the meantime the business was constantly 
increasing, and, therefore, increasingly exacting on the abilities and powers of 
those who were carrying it on. In 1843 the annual sales amounted to about 
$50,000: in many single years, of late, the sales have exceeded $3,000,000. 
About fifteen years ago a stock company was organized which succeeded the 
firm in the prosecution of this large business. 

Mr. Fairbanks was public spirited as a business man and as a citizen, and 
shrank from no public duties, except in one instance of which we shall speak 
presently, which he was called upon to bear. He served as a bank and rail- 
road director, bank president, and trustee in important educational institu- 
tions. One of his greatest achievements, in connection with other enterprising 
men, was the construction of the Portland and Ogdensburgh Railroad. For 
ten years he worked untiringly to secure charters in Maine, New Hampshire 
and Vermont, to interest the people of these states in the great work, and to 
push it forward to completion, in the teeth of obstacles that seemed well nigh 
insurmountable. He has been credited with the conception of the idea of 
carrying the road up the steep bank of the Saco ltiver, and through Crawford 



1890.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 221 

Notch. At all events he maintained the feasibility of the plan, while many- 
practical men were disposed to laugh him to scorn ; and in the summer of 1877, 
he had the satisfaction of driving, with his own hand, the spike that held the 
last rail of the Vermont division of the line in its place, — the connecting link 
between the Connecticut River and Lake Champlain. 

Erastus Fairbanks, the father, was the first War Governor of Vermont; the 
son, having been active in various Republican conventions, State and National, 
and served as presidential elector at large in 18G8, was called in 187(5 to fill the 
highest executive office in his native state. He had refused to be a candidate, 
and had withdrawn his name from the canvass, but, in his absence, and in spite 
of the decision he had announced and insisted upon, he was nominated by 
acclamation without a dissenting vote, and was notified by telegraph: "You 
are to be governor of Vermont, in spite of yourself." In his letter of accept- 
ance he wrote, " The unanimity of the Convention, supplemented by the solicit- 
ation of friends, has overborne my own judgment and wishes, and leads me to 
accept the nomination." lie was elected by a large majority, and his adminis- 
tration was a wise and judicious one. 

Governor Fairbanks was a large and generous giver to his own town and to 
objects of education and philanthropy throughout the country. He was a con- 
sistent member of the First Congregational Church in St. Johnsbury, and at the 
time of his death was one of its deacons. It has been said of him : " lie was a 
man of high Christian character, and singularly fine and noble spirit, his quiet 
and almost reserved manner covering a strong will, clear judgment, thoughtful 
intelligence, cultivated mind and warm heart." lie died at the Fifth Avenue 
Hotel, New York, March 17, 1888, after a short illness, of pneumonia, the disease 
having been aggravated, if not caused, by the great blizzard of that time. The 
funeral took place at St. Johnsbury on the 22d of March. 

Abraham Thompson Lowe, M.D., was born in Ashburnham, Massachusetts, 
August 15, 179G. His parents were Abraham and Charlotte (Hill) Lowe; and 
the original ancestor of the family in America was John Low or Lowe. Abra- 
ham Lowe studied at Dartmouth and graduated M.I), in 181G. He practised 
medicine in his native town until 1825, when he came to Boston, and engaged 
in business as a druggist. In 1828 he formed a connection with Sampson Reed 
in the wholesale drug trade, and this continued until 1839. Dr. Lowe was not 
in active business from 1830 to 1859, but he served as a director in banks, and 
insurance and railroad companies, and for many years was a member of the city 
government, and of the State legislature. 

In 1859 Dr. Lowe, with others, founded the Safety Fund Bank, now the First 
National Bank of Boston, and was elected president, which office he held while 
he lived. A general banking law had recently been enacted by the Massachu- 
setts legislature, under which bank circulation was to be secured by the deposit 
at the State House of State or City bonds. Dr. Lowe and his associates were 
among the first to organize under this free banking law ; and when, soon after 
the breaking out of the war of the rebellion, the National Banking Law was 
passed, which superseded all State legislation, so far as related to currency, 
they were the first to organize under the new system. Mr. Chase, the Secre- 
tary of the Treasury, desired that the Merchants Bank of Boston, the largest 
banking institution in the city, should become the First National Bank here ; 
but, owing to delay on the part of the numerous stockholders in consenting to 
the change, the honor of doing business under this name was accorded to the 
enterprising bank which was so prompt to accept the new order of things made 
necessary by the cost of the war, and which has maintained, from that time to 
the present, a most enviable reputation for prudence, sagacity and enterprise in 
successful combination, 

In early life Dr. Lowe compiled two school-books, and many years after, a 
small volume entitled Observations on the Medicinal Agencies of the Vegetable 
Materia Medica. He was a man of cultivated literary taste, and occasionally 
wrote verses which, we believe, were privately printed. He became a life 
member of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society in 1870. He was an 
active and very useful member of the Christian denomination known as the 
New Church. He died in his native town, Ashburnham, July 4, 1888, having 
nearly completed his ninety-second year. 

VOL. XLIV. 19 



222 Book Notices. [April, 

BOOK NOTICES. 

The Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of eacli book, with the [amount to be added for postage when sent by- 
mail. 



Capt. Francis Champernowne, the Dutch Conquest of Accidie, and other Historical 
Papers. By Charles Wesley Tuttle, Esq., Ph.D. Edited by Albert 
Harbison Hoyt, A.M., with Historical Notes. With a Memoir of the xluthor 
by John Ward Dean, A.M. Boston : Printed by John Wilson & Son, Uni- 
versity Press. 1889. Sm. 4to. pp. xvi.+426, including Index. For sale by 
Damrell & Upharn, 283 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. Price $4. 

The Papers here collected are full of interest to the historical student, and 
shed a flood of light on the subjects to which they relate. Many of them have 
been printed before, but the Life of Champernowne, one of the early settlers iu 
the Pascataqua, for which Mr. Tuttle had during many years made extensive 
researches, was not arranged iu final shape at his death, and required the 
collaboration of the editor. 

In tracing out the early history of New Hampshire the relation of Capt. 
Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges to its first settlement attracts attention. Capt. 
Champernowne was the nephew of Gorges and his representative in the Pasca- 
taqua for many years. The lives of Mason and Champernowne received from 
Mr. Tuttle a careful and exhaustive study. His life of Mason has already been 
printed by the Prince Society. This of Champernowne now completes the 
contribution. 

Descended from some of those who grappled with the task of establishing the 
English-speaking race on these shores, Mr. Tuttle naturally took interest in the 
traditions of the neighborhood where his ancestors had lived. An article on 
" Hope Hood," an Indian chief who lived on the northern shore of Great Bay, 
and another on the reported Massacre at Fox Point, are republished. They show 
the acumen of his mind and the nice historical judgment which distinguished 
his work, and give the assurance that, could he have been spared a few more 
years to pursue these studies, the accuracy of his deductions would have thrown 
new and strong lights on many obscure or neglected parts of our early history. 

The approach of the Second Centennial of the Provincial Charter of New 
Hampshire as a Royal Government, led the New Hampshire Historical Society 
to call on Mr. Tuttle for an address in 1880, which he delivered at Portsmouth, iu 
December of that year, to a refined and appreciating audience. This admirable 
sketch, and another embracing the period 1689-90, after the arrest of Gov. An- 
clros at Boston, when New Hampshire was without a Provincial Government, 
are invaluable to the student and interesting to the general reader. 

The conquest of Acadie by the Dutch iu 1674 is an episode in the history of 
New England on which Mr. Tuttle has thrown a stronger light than any historian 
who has preceded him. The struggle, whether this should be New France or 
New England, began in and has made classic the region between the Kennebeck 
and the Penobscot, where the outgrowths of the Popham expeditions for settle- 
ment on one side, and that of DeMont's on the other, made head against each 
other. Gorges had followed up the amical relations which Capt. Popham in 
the Gift in 1607, and Capt. Gilbert in the Mary and John, had formed with 
the Bashabee of the Abnaki tribes at the beginning of the settlement at the mouth 
of the Kennebeck. Persevering when others grew weary and retired, Gorges 
had made a trading station at Pemaquid, the centre of the wonderful spring and 
winter fishery in that charmed quadrant included between Cape Newwagen and 
Dainarel's-cove Islands on the west, and Monhegan and St. Georges. Thither 
annually the Virginia and the English fishermen came in armed vessels, with 
crews of fortj^ men to the vessel, forming, as their vessels yearly increased in 
numbers, a barrier against the westward progress of French settlements. The 
stand taken from 1607 to 1620 and onward by these men of Gorges on the main- 
land and the fishermen on the adjacent island, was the definite initial of the 
subsequent dominion of the English-speaking race in America. When they 
began there were no English settlers nearer than Virginia, but under the lee of 
these brave lishermen, holding the front with fifty or sixty armed ships, settlers 
did set down on the New-England coast, and colouies grew up, whose history 
we trace with filial pride. 



1890.] Book Notices. 223 

There are mysteries in tins old frontier region which to the historian are still 
inscrutable. Pemaquid, the focus of our strategy, the theatre of war and the 
seat of our frontier trade, with its perished villages and decayed forts, attracts 
attention but defies consecutive narrative. On the other side the Penobscot 
and the French Acadie have found numerous and bright annalists ; but who 
before Mr. Tuttle ever summoned the Dutch conquest of the Penobscot and the 
Acadie from its forgotten grave to furnish another incident of that old 
" debatable ground "? 

War broke out between Holland, on the one side, and England and France, on 
the other, in 1G72. The Dutch were persevering, and in 1G73 recaptured New 
York from the English and hoisted the Orange flag. A few months after this, 
England made peace and left France still at war. The gallant Captain Aernouts, 
of the Dutch frigate Flying Horse, distressed by inactivity as he lay at New 
York, counselled with one Capt. Rhoade, a mariner of Boston, and determined to 
capture Acadie from the French. With Rhoade as his pilot he ran down the 
coast and through the beautiful bay of the Penobscot, where, in August, lie 
attacked and captured the fort at Pentagouet, and then sailed eastward to the 
St. John's, where he captured another fort and made another commander prisoner 
— reducing the whole coast between these points. He returned to Boston, 
showed his commission, ransomed his captives, sold his plunder, sent a few 
men back to hold his captured country, and sailed away. The fortunes of these 
meu, their final capture by an armed ship from Boston, their trial for piracy, 
their able defence and the State Papers between Holland and Great Britain 
which these events gave rise to, and which are printed in the appendix to the 
volume, constitute a quaint, romantic and striking historical episode. 

The volume contains a very interesting sketch of Christopher Kilby, whose 
memory is yet preserved in Boston by a street bearing his surname. There is 
also a sketch of Edward Randolph, which has been very ably completed by Col. 
Hoyt in an extended editorial note of some forty pages. As the Crown Collector 
of Customs at the time when Massachusetts had forfeited her original charter 
and become a royal province, his official prerogatives were irksome to the traders 
accustomed to the loose proceedings under the old charter. He also excited the 
indignation of the Orthodox Church, which feared lest a policy to establish 
Episcopacy and perhaps restrain their church, lurked under his official power, 
and personal predispositions. Under the attack of these combined influences, 
he became thoroughly hated in the colony. His zeal and ability in his oilice 
made him more distasteful. Randolph evidently was both able and intelligent, 
and was more indebted to the unpopularity of his cause and duties than to any 
personal defect or miscarriage for the intense bitterness of the opposition 
which he encountered. The policy of the Crown Government did not retain the 
popularity which had welcomed the establishment of the provincial charter. 
The editor contributes much to the interest of the article by a full account of 
the libel suit which Randolph brought against the Rev. Increase Mather. 

Another interesting Paper is that of Lord Percy, who commanded a regiment 
at Boston at the breaking out of the Revolution, including a succinct 
notice of the ancient family from which he sprung. In New Hampshire, the 
towns Northumberland and Percy had been named in provincial days in their 
honor. One of his ancestors also had been Lord High Admiral for America, 
with authority to hold Vice-Admiralty Courts. Though Lord Percy had not 
been favorable to American Independence, and had drawn his sword against us, 
yet by some strange sympathy a later untitled relative of his bequeathed his 
fortune to the United States to found an institution for the diffusion of knowl- 
edge, and the Smithonian Institution rears it palatial towers and opens its vast 
treasuries of knowledge at the capital of the Union. 

It may be observed that Mr. Tuttle devoted much time to the elucidation of 
the early history of New Hampshire and Maine, particularly of the region about 
the Pascataqua; his lives of Mason and of Champernowne include much that 
he had collected, but his note-books abound with notes on other marked men 
in the Pascataqua. 

Mr. Tuttle was a careful student of the relations of Sir Ferclinando Gorges to 
the early history of New England, but, as he frequently informed the writer, 
he eagerly expected that the writings and papers of that pioneer of New Eng- 
land colonization would be discovered by the Record Commissioners in the 
muniment room of some old mansion of Devon or Somerset, and preferred to 
wait. 



224 Booh Notices. [April, 

The materials for a great work on the early history of New England had 
accumulated around him, his judgment and power of analysis had reached a 
high standard, when he was snatched away. The particular studies of parts of 
his broad designs which, by the loving impulse of his wife, have been gathered 
into this volume, show the quality of the fruit a few years more of his ripe and 
candid intellect could have furnished his country, had fate assigned him a longer 
life. 

Great credit is due to the editor, Mr. Hoyt, for the intelligent labor he has 
bestowed upon these Papers, and the elegant appearance of the book reflects 
credit on the editor's taste and on the liberality of the executor of the late Mrs. 
Tuttle's will — the Hon. John J. Currier — in carrying out her provision for this 
memorial to her deceased husband. 

The accomplished pen of John Ward Dean, Esq., prefaces the work with a 
well considered and elaborated memoir of Mr. Tuttle. The book is illustrated 
with a portrait of the author, and some admirable heliotype pictures of scenes 
mentioned in the text, and the press-work altogether reflects credit on the Uni- 
versity Press of Cambridge. A handsomer book of its style has rarely come 
from any press. 

By the Hon. Charles Levi Woodbury, of Boston. 

A Complete History of the Boston Fire Department, including the Fire Alarm Ser- 
vice and the Protective Department, from 1630 to 1888. Arranged in three parts. 
By Arthur Wellington Brayley, Compiler of the " American Dramatic 
Directory," etc. Illustrated. Boston, Mass. : John P. Dale & Co., Publishers, 
17 Boylston Street. 1889. 8vo. pp. xx.+729. Price $5 in cloth. 

The career of a Fireman is one well calculated to bring out qualities akin to 
those possessed by the soldier. He should exhibit physical courage, presence 
of mind, coolness, a fertility in expedients, promptness, and a capacity to adapt 
the proper measures to any emergency. These, together with high executive 
ability, are what we are accustomed to look for in the defenders of our country; 
and these, properly illustrated, are what lend the chiefest charm to military 
history or in fact to any history having for its object the narration of daring 
exploits and perilous adventures. 

The history of the Boston Fire Department is as rich in examples of heroism, 
of self-sacriflce, of faithful devotion to duty as are the chronicles of a war. It 
also contains its full share of humorous incidents, its romance, its picturesque 
and exciting events and many other characteristics which go far to make up an 
interesting and entertaining volume ; and although the position in the community 
of the men composing it for the two centuries or more of its existence has 
changed much since its first establishment, the men now in its service are still 
animated by the same high sense of duty as characterized their predecessors in 
different walks of life. 

In the history of the department under notice, the first impression made upon 
the mind of the reader is the extraordinary labor and research displayed in the 
preparation of the numerous lists and portraits of the members of the depart- 
ment. A great deal of time and persevering application must have been expended 
in getting together these lists, portraits and illustrations of the engine houses ; 
and as time goes on, these will give a constantly increasing value to the volume. 

The author has also succeeded very well in tracing the early organizations of 
the department. The accounts of the great fires of 1653, 1676, 1679, 1690, 1691, 
1700, 1711, 1759, 1760, 1775 (Charles town) , 1787, 1794, 1824, 1852, 1872 and 1873 are 
written with much care and considerable detail. The great fire of Nov. 9, 1872, 
is described in a particularly graphic manner. The history of the different sys- 
tems, the changes in each and the biographies of the engineers and prominent 
firemen are all prepared with much skill and accuracy. 

The author has divided his work into three parts. The first part, containing 
eleven chapters, comprises the period from the first settlement of Boston to its 
organization as a city in 1822, a period of nearly two centuries. The second part, 
consisting also of eleven chapters, includes the period from 1822 to 1872, or 
more exactly, to the re-organization of the fire department under a Board of 
three Fire Commissioners, with chief and district engineers as before, on the 
13th of October, 1873, a period of little more than half a century. In the third 
part, the transactions of the department and accounts of fires from 1873 to 1888 
are given in three chapters, together with fourteen chapters relating to biograph- 
ical sketches of firemen, descriptions of fire districts, lists of members, numer- 



1890.] Booh Notices. 225 

cms illustrations of engine houses and engines, maps of districts, portraits of 
members of the department and a history of the Boston Protect!', e Department, 
all of which shows, as already stated, remarkable industry on the part of the 
author, and renders the work of much importance. 

It is naturally to be expected that, in a work of such magnitude and including 
so many different personages, errors will occur. The most prominent one is 
perhaps on page 4, where the disastrous conflagration of 1G53 is said by the 
author to be described by Governor Winthrop. The latter died in 1G49, four 
years previous to this fire, and the description is to be found in a letter of John 
Endecott to Governor Winthrop's son, published in the Winthrop Papers, Collec- 
tions of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Fourth Scries, vol. vi. page L64. 
Another error, possibly a typographical blunder, on page 179, ascribes the name 
of the old Melville engine as in honor of Mayor Thomas Melville. Major Thomas 
Melville is evidently intended. The usefulness of the book is somewliat im- 
paired by the absence of an index, though this deficiency is suppled to a limited 
extent by a very full and detailed table of contents. It is to be regretted that 
the author did not enliven his book with more of the humorous anecdotes of a 
department so rich in this form of literature, but he probably thought it would 
make a too bulky volume. The book is printed on good paper and with excel- 
lent type, and many of the illustrations are very clear. The illustrali >n on page 
91 of the burnt district of 1787 is a reduced copy of the original in the Belknap 
Papers. It gives an excellent view of the houses at the South End between 
Boylston and Pleasant Streets at that time. 

By Oliver B. Stebbins, Esq., of South Boston. 

The Halves School Memorial, containing an Account of fire Re-unions of the Old 
Hawes School Boys' Association, One Re-union of the Hawes School Girls' Asso- 
ciation, and a Series of Biographical Sketches of the old Masters. Together 
with a List of the Members of the two Associations, and a Re-production of the 
Programmes of some of the Exhibitions. Illustrated. Boston: David Clapp & 
Son, Printers. 1889. 8vo. pp. 227. Price $2.00; to be obtained of George 
W. Armstrong, Boston & Albany R. R. Station, Boston. 

As its title shows, this book is local in its character and object. It is intended 
to give an account of the rise, progress and termination of one of our Boston 
Grammar Schools, situated in that part of the city called South Boston, during 
the first half of this century, and of events connected with that school. This 
intention is minutely and faithfully carried out, and in carrying it out much 
matter is introduced of general interest. In the well-written Introduction, by 
Edwin B. Spinney, is given an account of the place itself, which was set off from 
the old town of Dorchester and made part of Boston in 1804, then having only 
twelve families, and of the first efforts to establish a school there, which was 
started and carried on for many years by private subscriptions. It was not till 
the year 1823, when the population of South Boston was about 1700, that a 
school-house was erected by the city, Boston having been made a city the year 
before. The building was put up on land donated for school and other purposes 
by Mr. John Hawes, whose bequests are still in various ways conferring benefits 
on the people of South Boston. The School was named for him, and rapidly 
grew in importance and influence, being the only Grammar School in the place 
till 1842, and in 1859 it took rank as a Primary School. In this Introduction 
are also included full accounts of the origin and formation in 1884 of the Boys' 
Association, and arrangements for its first Re-union. Graphic accounts follow 
of this and four subsequent lie-unions, written respectively by Messrs. E. B. 
Spinney, H. W. Wilson, Richard J. Monks, Horace Smith and George B. James. 
Mrs. C. A. Provan also notices in full the formation and re-union of the 
Girls' Association. All these meetings were enthusiastically attended, and the re- 
ports of them are set forth in a lively and entertaining style. Mr. Armstrong's 
Directory of the members of the Boys' Association shows a list of about 250, 
embracing many prominent business and professional men of the city. A very 
important part of the volume is devoted to biographical sketches of the ten 
masters of the school during the thirty-six years of its existence, which are 
written by Oliver B. Stebbins. The names of these pioneers in public teaching 
in a portion of the city now numbering 70,000 inhabitants were : Rev. Lemuel 
Capen, Barnum Field, Jairus Lincoln, Rev. (now Bishop) Mark Antony De 
Wolfe Howe, Rev. William Putnam Page, Moses W. Walker, Rev. Joseph Har- 
VOL. XLIV. 19* 



226 Booh Notices. [April, 

rington, Jr., Frederick Crafts, John Alexander Harris, and Samuel Barrett. 
Mr. Stebbins has not only been very successful in obtaining material for in- 
terest Lug memoirs of this body of worthies, but also instructs and entertains the 
reader by minutely particularizing the different methods practised by them in 
the perplexing task of managing the School. No part of the book has been 
more carefully prepared or satisfactorily presented than this. The volume closes 
with about twenty pages devoted to re-prints of old Programmes, Orders of 
Exercises, etc., at different Annual Exhibitions. The book is richly illustrated, 
including portraits of seven of the ten masters of the School. It cannot fail 
to prove interesting to any one who desires information in regard to the former 
management and condition of our public schools. 
By David Clapp, of South Boston. 

The History of a Bare Washington Print. By Wm. S. Baker. Reprinted from 
"the Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography." Philadelphia. 
1880. 8vo. pp. 10. 

The author has given us some interesting facts regarding a picture which has 
unfortunately perished, unless the copies ordered by the Spanish Minister of 
the day be yet in existence. 

The original oil portrait was ordered by Congress in January, 1779, in a reso- 
lution expressing high regard for their illustrious chief. Chas. Wilson Peale 
was the artist. Said to be a striking likeness, it was one of the attractions of 
Independence Hall, where it hung until the 9th of Sept., 1781, when some 
miscreants entered the hall and completely defaced it and an engraving of General 
Montgomery's monument. Fortunately, Peale had taken a number of mezzotints, 
Which must have been numerous at the time, but of which three copies only are 
now known to exist. One of these three is in Mr. Baker's valuable collection 
of Washington portraits. A reduced photograph precedes the article. 

Mr. Baker is well known as the highest authority on the " Engraved Portraits 
of Washington " and the author of numerous other works. As maternal descent 
is considered by some the source of literary ability, we may mention that Mr. 
Baker is a descendant of the Keyser Family of Germantown, Pa., whose gene- 
alogy has been recently noticed in these columns. 

By William J. Potts, Esq., of Camden, N. J. 

A Biographical Sketch of the late Hon. Edmund Lovell Dana, President of the 
Osterhout Free Library, Wilkes-Barre, Pa. By Sheldon Reynolds, A.M., 
Secretary. Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 1889. 8vo. pp. 11. 

This biography was prepared at the request of the Directors of the Osterhout 
Free Library, of which Judge Dana was president, and was read before the 
board, July 26, 1889. It was also read before the Wyoming Historical and 
Geological Society, on the 13th of Sept. following. 

The subject of this sketch died at his residence in that city, April 25, 1889, 
in his 73d year. He was a descendant of Richard 1 Dana, an early settler of 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, ancestor of the Dana family of Massachusetts, 
prominent in literature and law. They were descended from Richard's son 
Daniel, 2 while Judge Dana of Wilkes-Barre was from an elder brother Jacob. 2 

Judge Dana was graduated at Yale College in 1838, and in 1841 was admitted 
to the bar of Luzerne County. In 1867 he was elevated to the bench, from 
which he retired in 1878. He served with credit in the Mexican War and in the 
war for the perservation of the Union. Mr. Reynolds presents us with an 
interesting sketch of the varied career of this learned and patriotic man. 

The Pre-Columbian Discovery of America by the Xorthmen, with Translations of 
the Icelandic Sagas. By B. F. DeCosta. Second Edition. Albany, N. Y. : 
Joel Munsell's Sons. 1890. 8vo. pp. 186. 

Over twenty years ago, in the year 1868, the Rev. Dr. DeCosta published the 
first edition of the: book before us. In his preface he said: " The aim of the 
present work is to place within the reach of the English-reading historical 
student every portion of the Icelandic Sagas essentially relating to the Pre- 
Columbian Discovery of America by the Northmen. These Sagas are left, in 
the main, to tell their own story ; though, with the necessary introductions, notes 
have been added, either to remove misconcep4 ions, to give Information in regard 
to persons <>r places, or to show the Identity of localities described." The book, 
on its first appearance, was noticed in the Register for April, 1869. 



1890.] Booh Notices. 227 

Much has been published since then upon the early visits of the Northmen to 
these shores, but Br. DeCosta has not changed his opinion upon that subject. 
" Time has only served to strengthen his belief in the historical character of the 
Sagas, while all his geographical studies point now as formerly to New England 
as the scene of the Northmen's exploits, many of which have left no record, 
though valuable traces of Icelandic occupation may yet be found between Cape 
Cod and Nova Scotia." 

The discussion about the Northmen now going on, and the nearness of the 
Columbian celebration, have led the author to bring out a new edition of his 
book which has long been out of print. " The work," Ik; says, '• is not issued 
with any intention of seeking to detract from the glory of the achievements of 
Columbus, though we should remember that the time is rapidly approaching when 
history will summon us to honor the Cabots, the great fellow countrymen of the 
Genoese, who saw the continent of America before Columbus himself viewed it. 
The desire is to place before the reader the story which precedes that of 1492, 
and which is so interesting and important." 

We are glad to see a new edition of this book placed before the public, 
though we cannot entirely agree with the author in his conclusions. We think 
it probable that the Northmen visited New England, but we fail to find sullicient 
evidence to identify the localities visited. 

A Gazetteer of the State of Massarlui setts, with Numerous Illustrations. By tne 
Rev. Elias Nasox, M.A. Revised and Enlarged by George J. Vauxry. 
Boston: Published by B. B. Russell, 57 Cornhill. 1890. 8vo. pp. 724. 
Price in cloth $3; in half muslin $1. 

The first edition of this gazetteer was published in 1874, and was noticed in 
this periodical for January of that year. The author, the Rev. Mr. Nason, was 
the editor of the Register for several years, and his merits as a writer are well 
known to our readers. He died June 17, 1887, and a memoir of him appeared in 
the Register for January, 1889. 

Nason's Gazetteer of Massachusetts has long been a standard work which our 
people could not«dispense with ; but the lapse of fifteen years since its publi- 
cation has rendered a revision necessary. Mr. Nason before his last sickness 
was making preparations to do this. Mr. Russell, the publisher, has been 
fortunate in obtaining the services of Mr. Varncy to revise the work. He is the 
author of a Gazetteer of Maine and of other historical and statistical works, 
and is every way qualified for his task. At first it was his intention only to 
drop obsolete portions and substitute therefor "matter supplied by later in- 
vestigations and the latest statistics," and thus bring the articles up to date. 
"But on entering upon the work it was found that, in the passage of time, 
the conditions in nearly every town had so changed, sometimes by a reduction 
of population and business, oftener by an increase, and frequently by change of 
industries, that the account of every one had to be rewritten." This, of course, 
involved a great deal of labor. 

One improvement in this edition is the introduction, in their alphabetical 
place, of the names of villages as well as towns. This is a great convenience. 
It sometimes happens that a village is better known than the town in which 
it is situated, and frequently better known than some other towns. 

The Rev. Mr. Nason in his preface stated that his object had been, " to por- 
tray the varied local scenery, the genius, the spirit, the industrial and intellectual 
activities of the people; to form a guide-book of the State adapted to the 
family, the student, the man of business and the man of leisure, the editor and 
the literary institution " ; and he well accomplished his design. Mr. Varney 
has not lost sight of this object. 

The book is well printed and bound, and is illustrated with numerous 
engravings. 

The History of Hancock, New Hampshire, 1764-1889. By William Willis 
Hayward. Lowell, Mass. : Vox Populi Press, S. W. Huse & Co. 1889. 2 
vols, in one. 8vo. pp. xiv.-f-1070. Price $5. 

The present bulky volume is a result of the celebration of the centenary of 
the town, Sept. 17, 1879. "A desire was manifested, on the part of those 
present, that a history of the town should be prepared at an early date, and a 
vote was passed to that effect." At the next annual town meeting, March 13, 






228 Booh Notices. [April, 

1880, the town voted to take one hundred copies of the history when completed, 
and pay three hundred dollars for the same. Three years later one hundred 
dollars more were voted. On the 26th of January, 1882, an association of 
twenty-live persons- was formed to assume the pecuniary risk of the undertak- 
ing, and, in the following May, the Rev. Mr. Hayward was engaged to write 
the history. The book is published for the association by Messrs. Orland Eaton, 
Joshua Stanley Lakin and John Peabody Ellis, a committee chosen for that 
purpose. 

The book is divided into two parts. The first part consists of 294 pages, 
which is devoted to the history of the town, to which is prefixed the proceed- 
ings at the centennial celebration. The remainder of the volume is devoted to 
the genealogies. Rev. Mr. Hayward has performed his task in a thorough and 
very satisfactory manner. He has given us a history of his native town, that 
preserves in an interesting form the memory of its prominent men and events. 
The arrangement of the materials is clear, both as to the history and the gene- 
alogies. Iu the latter, many well written biographies are found. The book 
is illustrated by about fifty portraits, besides plans and views. It has a good 
index. 

Kansas State Historical Society. List by Counties of the Newspapers and Periodicals 
published in Kansas, January 1, 1889. Compiled by F. G. Adams, Secretary 
of the Kansas Historical Society. Topeka : Kansas Publishing House, Clifford 
C. Baker, State Printer. 1889. 8vo. pp. 38. 

This is a list of newspapers and other periodicals published in Kansas, Jan. 1, 
1889, a year ago last new year's day. They number 827 in all. The regular 
issues of these, with very few exceptions, are received by the Kansas State 
Historical Society, and are furnished free by the publishers. The Society has 
been very successful in gathering this species of literature, and their collection 
of Kansas newspapers and periodicals will be very useful to those who are 
investigating the history of the state. We have heard of no other state that 
has, in one place, so large a proportion of the newspapers published within its 
limits. 

The society had, on the first of January last, 2061 volumes of newspapers and 
periodicals. 

North Worcester; its First Settlers and Old Farms. By Caleb A. Wall. 
Worcester : Published by the Author. 1890. 8vo. pp. 22. 

Mr. Wall is the author of " Reminiscences of Worcester " and " Puritans vs. 
Quakers," the latter of which has been noticed in this magazine. The pamphlet 
before us consists of an historical address delivered before the Chamberlain 
District Farmers' Club, at the residence of A. S. Lowell, North Worcester, 
Massachusetts, on the 6th of December, 1889. Mr. Wall gives a minute and 
interesting account of the settlers of North Worcester and their dwellings and 
farms. 

The author announces that "this is the first of a series of similar publica- 
tions " which he "is about to issue, containing his addresses at different historic 
points in the territory of Worcester, comprising accounts of the first settlers and 
their families, historical and genealogical, the location of their estates, etc.'* 
The series promises to be both useful and interesting. 

Becords of the Town of Plymouth. Published by Order of the Town. Vol. I., 

1636 to 1705. Plymouth: Avery & Doten, Book and Job Printers. 1889. 

8vo. pp. xvi.-f 347. Price $1.50. Sold by W. B. Clarke & Co., 340 Washington 

Street, Boston. 
Town Becords of Brookline, Massachusetts, 1872-1884. Published by Vote of the 

Town. 1888. 8vo. pp. 731+liii. 

Worcester Town Becords, 1784-1788. Edited by Franklin P. Rice. Worcester, 
Mass. : The Worcester Society of Antiquity. 1890. 8vo. pp. 136. 

We have before us printed records of three towns, Plymouth, Brookline and 
Worcester. The first two were printed at the expense of the towns, the other 
by an antiquarian society. 

Mr. Hassam, in his report to the New-England Historic Genealogical Society 
at the annual meeting, January 2, 1889, which was printed with the proceedings 



1890.] Boole Notices. 229 

at that meeting, shows the importance, and even the necessity, of printing the 
town records if we would preserve them for posterity. We are glad to see so 
many towns waking up to their duty. 

Plymouth, whose records head our list, was settled by the Pilgrim Fathers In 
1620, and is the oldest of our New England towns. It is one of the first places 
visited by strangers from abroad, and its history has a greater interesl than that 
of any of our other towns to descendants of the settlers of New England in all 
parts of our country. The records of the town of Plymouth, we arc told in 
the [introduction, " exclusive of the records of births, deaths and marriages, are 
contained in nine volumes, the first covering the period from 1636 to 1692; the 
second from 1692 to L716; the third from 1710 to 171)5; the fourth from 17'.».~>to 
1828; the fifth from 1828 to 1854; the sixth from 1854 to 1866; the seventh 
from 1800 to 1878; the eighth from 1878 to 1887; and the ninth from 1887 to 
the present time." The publication before us contains the whole of the first 
volume of records and ninety-eight pages of the second. The chairman of the 
committee of publication Mas Hon. William T. Davis, author of "The Ancient 
Landmarks of Plymouth," and he was entrusted by the committee with the 
editing of the book. lb- deserves great credit for the excellent manner in which 
he has performed his task. The book is well printed and has a good index. 

The town of Brookline, in 1S75, had its records for two centuries, from 1684 
to 1888, printed in a handsome octavo volume, with an index. The town, by 
vote April 13, 1888, ordered that the records from [872 to L884 be printed, and 
$1325 Mas appropriated for the purpose. The result is before US. The volume 
w;is printed under the supervision of the town clerk. Mr. B. V. Baker, who 
evidently has bestowed much care upon the work. It is handsomely printed and 
well indexed. We trust that the records for the Intervening third of a century 
(1839 to 1873) will be preserved in type before Long. The records of lirookline 
are now printed annually in the town reports. An excellent plan. 

The Worcester Town Records, 1784-1788, form Number 28 of the Proceedings 
of the Worcester Society of antiquity. The previous records of the town have 
already appeared in the Proceedings of that society, of which seven volumes 
have been completed and two numbers of the eighth volume have been published. 
They are handsomely printed on tine white paper with a broad margin. 

History of Rumford, Oxford County, Maine, from its First Settlement in 177!), to 
the Present Time By Wii.i.ivm B. Lafham. Augusta: Press of the .Maine 
Farmer. 1890. 8vo. pp. xv.+432. Price $4. Sold by George E. Littlelield, 
67 Cornhill, Boston. 

This new book by Dr. Lapham, who has given us several excellent histories of 
towns in the state of Maine, has reached us too late to give an adequate notice 
in the present number of the Register. We are promised a review of the book 
for the July number, from a correspondent will qualified for the labor. The vol- 
ume makes a line appearance and is illustrated by many portraits and views. 

The New-En r/l and Notes and Queries. Vol. I., No. 1, January, 1890. Newport, 
R. I. : R. II. Tilley. 1890. 8vo. pp. 30. Published quarterly. Price $1 a year. 

This is a continuation of Mr. Tilley 's former publication the American Notes 
and Queries, which appeared annually. Two issues of that work, those for 1888 
and 1889, have appeared, both of which have been noticed by us. Mr. Tilley 
has now decided to discontinue his annual, and to commence a quarterly publica- 
tion with a new name and an enlarged scope. The January number contains an 
interesting variety of Notes, Queries, Announcements, Book-Notes, notices of 
Magazines and Newspapers, etc. 

American Men of Letters. William Cullen Bryant. By John Bigelow. Boston 
and New York : Houghton, Mifflin & Co. The Riverside Press, Cambridge. 
1890. 12mo. pp. vii.+355. Price $1.25. 

This memoir is a new instalment of the valuable series edited by Charles 
Dudley Warner, and entitled " American Men of Letters." Bryant may well be 
considered a representative man of letters, for his whole life was passed in 
literary labor. In fact he won distinction nearly three quarters of a century 
ago, for his " Thanatopsis," which made him famous, appeared in 1817. The 
present memoir is by his intimate friend, John Bigelow, who had the good for- 
tune to be associated with Mr. Bryant as editor of the New York Evening Post. 
It is a fitting tribute to the genius, the ability and the sterling integrity of one 






230 Booh Notices. [April, 

whose life may be pointed to as an example for American yonth with literary 
aspirations. 

TJie Pratt Family. A Genealogical Record of Mathew Pratt of Weymouth, Mass., 
and his American Descendants, 1623-1888. Boston, Mass. 1889. 8vo. pp. 
226. 

1599-1800. Lion Gardiner and his Descendants, with Illustrations. Edited, 
with Notes Critical and Illustrative, by Curtiss C. Gardiner. St. Louis : 
A. Whipple, Publisher. 1890. Koyal 8vo. pp. xxv.+170. 

A Genealogical Becord, including Two Generations in Female Lines, of Families 
spelling their name Spofford, Spafford, Spafard and Spaford, descendants of 
John Spofford and Elizabeth Scott who emigrated in 1638 from Yorkshire, 
England, and settled at Bowleg, Essex County, Mass. By Dr. Jeremiah 
Spofford of Groveland, Mass. Memorial Edition by his daughter, Aphia T. 
Spofford. Boston : Printed by Alfred Mudge & Son. 1888. 8vo. pp. 502. 

The Ancestry, Life and Times of Hon. Henry Hastings Sibley, LL.D., first Gover- 
nor of the State of Minnesota. By Nathaniel West, D.D. Pioneer Press 
Publishing Company, St. Paul, Minnesota. 1889. 8vo. pp. x.-f596. Price 
$3.75. 

The Descendants of William White of Haverhill, Mass. Genealogical Notices- 
By Daniel Appleton White, 1863. Additional Genealogical and Biographi" 
cal Notices. By Annie Frances Kichards. Together with Portraits and 
Illustrations. American Printing and Engraving Company, Boston, Mass. 
1889. 8vo. pp. 80. 

Tliomas Cooper of Boston and his Descendants. By Frederick Tuckerman of 
Amherst, Mass. Boston : David Clapp & Son, Printers. 1890. 8vo. pp. 11. 

The Butterfields of Middlesex. By George A. Gordon, A.M., Member of the 
New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 8vo. pp. 11. Price 25 cts. 

We continue in this number our quarterly notices of recent genealogical pub- 
lications. 

The first book on our list is the Genealogy of the Pratt Family, by Francis G. 
Pratt, Jr. The author informs us in his Introduction that " There are known 
to have been at least ten persons by the name of Pratt, who settled in New Eng- 
land between 1621 and 1650. Some of these individuals were doubtless members 
of the same family, perhaps brothers, or other relationship near or remote; 
but from what places in England they came, or who were their immediate 
ancestors, or in what ship each arrived, is very much a matter of tradition." 
Thirty years ago, in 1860, the late Rev. Stillman Pratt printed a brief account 
of one of these settlers, John Pratt of Dorchester, and four years later, in 1864, 
the late Rev. Frederick W. Chapman published a very full genealogy of the 
descendants of another original settler, Lieut. William Pratt of Hartford and 
Saybrook, Conn. In the same volume he gave genealogical notes concerning 
the descendants of three other Connecticut settlers, John Pratt of Hartford, 
Peter Pratt of Lyme and John Pratt of Saybrook. The late Eleazer F. Pratt of 
Boston made large collections concerning the descendants of Phinehas Pratt, of 
Weymouth and Plymouth, but they have never been printed. The present volume 
is devoted to Mathew Pratt of Weymouth and his posterity. He was "the 
ancestor of nearly all the Pratts of Weymouth, and many of the name in Bridge- 
water, Middleboro', Taunton, Mansfield, Stoughton, Norton, Easton, Arlington, 
Braintree, Quincy, Randolph, Holbrook and adjacent towns." Mr. Pratt the 
author has bestowed much labor on this book and has been very successful in 
obtaining the records of the family. A grandson of the emigrant, Elder William 
Pratt, was one of the settlers of Dorchester, South Carolina, and wrote an 
account of the first voyage of the Dorchester Colony to that place, which is 
preserved and is printed in this book. The volume is well arranged, and hand- 
somely printed and bound. It has a good index. 

The next book, Lion Gardiner and his Descendants, is by Mr. Gardiner of St. 
Louis, Mo., whose book entitled " The Papers and Biography of Lion Gardiner" 
Was published in 1883 and was noticed by us in January, 1881. The history of 
Lion Gardiner and his services in early New England days as a military engineer, 
are well known. The present volume contains a reprint of the author's former 
book, revised, corrected and enlarged, which form Part I. of the book. The 



1890.] Recent Publications* 231 

second part, consisting of family records, comprises eight generations traced, 
With some notices of individuals in the ninth and tenth generations. The book 
is compiled in a very thorough and scholarly manner. The typographical 
execution is excellent, and the illustrations which are numerous are line. There 
is a good index. 

The volume on the Spofford family is another book that deserves great praise. 
The late Dr. Jeremiah Spofibrd published a genealogy of this family in 1851, in 
an octavo pamphlet of 64 pages. This work was reprinted in the Register with 
additions and corrections in the years 1854 and 1855. Dr. Spofibrd continued 
to collect material till his death, Sept. 1G, 1880, aged 92. He left his genealo- 
gical papers to his daughter, Aphia. In compliance with his special request she 
has revised and completed the Spofford genealogy, and brought it out in the 
elegant volume that is before us. That she has bestowed great labor upon it is 
plain. The full and precise records she gives is one evidence of this. The 
book is well arranged, handsomely printed, with numerous portraits aud other 
illustrations. It has a good index. 

The book on the life and ancestry of Gen. Sibley is a very interesting work. 
He was the first delegate from the territory of Minnesota, and the first governor 
of the state. He has been a member of Congress and a brevet major-general of 
the United States Volunteers, besides holding other offices of honor and trust. 
Gen. Sibley is a descendant of John Sibley, an early settler of Salem, Massachu- 
setts. Dr. West furnishes much information about the ancestry of Gen. Sibley 
and a full and interesting account of his various services to his state and his 
country. 

The next book, that on the White family, is based on a pamphlet of 47 pages, 
published in 18G3, entitled " Descendants of William White of Haverhill," which 
was prepared from the papers of Judge Daniel Appleton White of Salem, who 
died in 1861. The volume before us by Mrs. Richards is very much fuller than 
the original work, and is otherwise improved. The book is well printed and is 
embellished with a number of excellent portraits and other illustrations. Among 
them is a reduced fac-simile of the Indian Deed of Haverhill, which seems to 
be in private hands. We hope the owner of the deed will place it in the city 
clerk's custody. 

The pamphlets on the Cooper and Butterfield families are reprints from the 
Register for January last. 



RECENT PUBLICATIONS, 

Presented to the New-England Historic Genealogical Society to March 13, 1890. 

Prepared by Mr. Thomas F. Millett, Assistant Librarian. 

I. Publications written or edited by Members of the Society. 

The Boltons of Old and New England, with a genealogy of the descendants of 
William Bolton, of Reading, Mass. 1720. By Charles Knowles Bolton. Albany, 
N. Y. : Joel Munsell's Sons, Publishers. 1889. 8vo. pp. 85. 

History of the Old South Church (Third Church), Boston. 1669-1884. By 
Hamilton A. Hill. In two Volumes. Boston and New York : Houghton, Mifflin & 
Co., The Riverside Press, Cambridge, Mass. 1890. 8vo. pp. 602 and 688. 

The Pre-Columbian Discovery of America by the Northmen, with Translations 
from the Icelandic Sagas. By Rev. B. F. DeCosta. 2d Edition. Albany, N. Y. : 
Joel Munsell's Sons, Publishers. 1890. 8vo. pp. 196. 

The Story of St. Philip's Church, New York City. A discourse delivered in the 
New Church, West Twenty-fifth Street, at its opening, Sundav morning, Feb. 17, 
1889. By the Rev. B. F. DeCosta, D.D. New York : Printed for the Parish. 1889. 
8vo. pp. 57. 

Second Report of the Custody and Condition of the Public Records of Parishes, 
Towns and Counties. By Robert T. Swan, Commissioner. Boston: Wright & Potter 
Printing Co., State Printers, 18 Post Office Square. 1890. 8vo. pp. 45. 

Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Meeting of the Lake Mohonk Conference of 
Friends of the Indian. 1889. Edited by Samuel J. Barrows. Published by The 
Lake Mohonk Conference. 18S9. 8vo. pp. 125. 



232 



Deaths. 



[April. 



II. Other Publications. 

Essex Institute Historical Collections. July, Aug. and Sept. 1888. Vol. 25. 
Salem, Mass. : Printed for the Essex Institute. 1890. 8vo. pp. 

A Biographical Sketch of the late Hon. Edmund Lovell Dana, President of the 
Osterhout Free Library, Wilkesbarre, Pa. By Sheldon Reynolds, A.M., Secretary. 
Wilkesbarre, Pa. 1889. 8vo. pp. 11. 

The British Flag; Its Origin and History. Incidents in its use in America. A 
paper read before the Connecticut Historical Society, June 7, 1881. By Jonathan F. 
Morris. Reprinted from The Hartford Daily Courant, June 8, 1881. Hartford, Conn. 
1889. 8vo. pp. 24. 

Dedham Historical Register. Vol. I. No. 1. January, 1890. Published by the 
Dcdham Historical Society. Dedham, Mass. 8vo. 

Worcester Town Records. 1784-1788. Edited by Franklin P. Rice, Worcester, 
Mass. Worcester Society of Antiquity. 1890. 8vo. pp. 136. 

Johns Hopkins University Studies. No. 3, of Eighth Series. Local Government in 
"Wisconsin. By David E. Spencer, A.B. Baltimore, Md. : Publication Agency of the 
Johns Hopkins University. March, 1890. 8vo. pp. 9. 

Collections and Proceedings of the Maine Historical Society. Quarterly Part. 
January, 1890. Portland, Me. : Published for the Society by Brown, Thurston & Co. 
8vo. pp. 112. 

Address by Harrison Hume. Delivered at the 250th Dinner of the New-England 
Club, Dec. 21, 1889 (Forefathers' Day). Boston: Printed by Nathan Sawyer & Son, 
No. 70 State Street. 1890. 8vo. pp. 21. 

Eighty- fourth Anniversary Celebration of the New-England Society in the City of 
New York, at Delmonico's, Dec. 23, 1889. 8vo. pp. 107. 

Annual Reports of the President and Treasurer of Harvard College. 1888-1889. 
Cambridge, Mass. : Published by the University. 1890. 8vo. pp. 61. 

Thirty-first Annual Report of the Railroad Commissioners of the State of Maine, 
"with Statistical Tables compiled from the Annual Returns of the Railroad Companies 
operating Railroads in the State for the year ending Sept. 30, 1889, to which are 
added the Decisions of the Board made during the year 1889. Augusta: Burleigh & 
Flynt, Printers to the State. 1890. 8vo. pp. 202. 

Some Remarkable Passages in the Life of Dr. George De Benneville, late of German- 
town, Penn., who died in March, 1793, in his 90th year. Translated from the French 
of his own manuscript, to which is prefixed a Recommendatory Preface by the 
translator, Rev. Elhanan Winchester. A reprint from the American edition of 1800. 
Revised and corrected, with notes and addenda not hitherto published. Edition 
limited to 500 copies. Germantown, Pa. : Converse Cleaves, Publisher. 1890. 8vo. 
pp. 55. 



DEATHS. 



John Kittredge Haines, Esq., died at 
his residence in Lansing, Iowa, Wed- 
nesday, March 5th, at 5 o'clock P.M., in 
his 77th year. He was the second son 
of Joseph and Martha Griffin (Dwinell) 
Haynes, and was born at Loudon, 
Merrimack County, N. H., April 29, 
1813. He learned the trade of a cab- 
inet maker, but his health failing he 
made several foreign voyages. About 
1841 he formed a co-partnership with 
Messrs Smith and Randall, cabinet 
makers of Salem. In the autumn of 
1885, he removed to Lansing, Iowa, 
and settled on a farm which he occupied 
till his death. His pedigree will be 
found in the Register, vol. xxiii. pages 
148-9. He married first, his cousin, 
Mrs Martha Smith, daughter of John 
Dwinell, of Salem, Mass., Nov. 12, 1837, 



who died April 5, 1849. He married 
secondly on the 3d of February, 1850, 
at Salem, Mass., Miss Cordelia Vivian, 
of Vassalboro', Me., who survives him. 
By his first marriage his children were 
Martha Eldora, who died in infancy ; 
John K. Jr., Waukon, Iowa ; William 
Plumer, of Northwood, Dakota ; Ste- 
phen Eldredge, of Lynxville, Wis., and 
Deborah Ellen, wife of P. Putnam, of 
Lynn, Mass. By his second marriage 
his children were Mary V., wife of John 
Kassal, of Lansing ; James Henry, of 
Lansing, and Walter E., of Caledonia, 
Minn. 

Mr. Haines his two surviving broth- 
ers : Sylvester II., of Caledonia, N. D. 
(formerly of Michigan), and Andrew 
M., of Galena, Ills. 



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THE 

HISTORICAL A^D GENEALOGICAL 

REGISTER. 



JULY, 1890. 



HENRY B. DAWSON. 

By Rev. John A. Todd, D.D., Tarrytown, N. Y. 

ON Thursday, May 23, 1889, surrounded by wife and children, 
the surviving loved ones of the household, there passed away, 
from the ranks of the living, a man of marked and rare individuality, 
whose memory will be most tenderly cherished by those who knew 
him best. That man was Henry B. Dawson. Although he had no 
clearly pronounced disease, he had nevertheless been in failing health 
for a number of months, at least, if not indeed for several years, 
and at last the body, worn and weary from long continued toil and 
incessant struggle with the storms of life, sank peacefully to its rest 
in the sleep of death. 

He was distinguished by several characteristics that put him in 
noticeable contrast with the common run of human kind, but of 
those who have devoted themselves to historical investigation, at the 
sources of things, ad font es rerum, bringing to light new facts, or 
rather facts that had previously been overlooked or obscured, search- 
ing out and putting men in possession of documents of unusual 
value, with all their wealth of suggestion to modify old opinions, 
and to clear up what had before been dark or imperfectly understood, 
— he ranked, as he deserved to rank, among the most conspicuous, and 
the most useful in the land. 

The labors of his life were immense, and no one can now go over 
the long list of works, productions, articles in various forms, that he 
wrote, or edited and published, without being touched with almost 
a sense of weariness in view of the research, the study, the thought, 
and the concentrated attention, to say nothing of the enormous 
physical effort, which they must have required. He gave to the 
world over one hundred works, taking the greater and the smaller 
together, upon different events and phases of our national and local 
history, and thus did as much, to say the least, as any man of his 
generation to elucidate our colonial and revolutionary annals. 
vol. xliv. 20 



234 Henry B. Dawson. [July, 

There was a peculiarity in his mind of the nature of genius, the 
geschicht-geist, which enabled him to discern, and to explain to the 
bottom, the old documentary records, and the early traditions, 
whether written or unwritten, and this, in connection with his un- 
compromising loyalty to the truth, no matter whether it was adverse or 
favorable to friend or foe, stamped him as a born investigator and 
historian. His persistence, too, when he once struck the trail of an 
important fact bearing upon the judgment to be finally formed, was no 
less remarkable, lie seemed to know that the fact was in existence 
somewhere, as Columbus seemed to know that there was somewhere 
a new world beyond the western sea, and he could not rest until he 
had found it. No expenditure of effort, or of pecuniary means com- 
patible with his slender fortune — for like so many others of his 
intellectual taste and ability he was far from being the possessor 
of wealth — ever daunted him in the pursuit of his object. He 
was sure it was there, and rather than leave it there in continued 
and unprofitable concealment, he was ready, like Hotspur in King 
Henry IV., to 

" Dive unto the bottom of the deep, 
Where fathom-line could never touch the ground, 
And pluck up drowned honor by the locks." 

And rarely did it happen that when he emerged from the search, he 
did not bring the reward of his effort with him. 

It is always a matter of interest to trace back to its small begin- 
nings anything that has grown to be important or great. The 
springs of the Nile and the Orinoco have been sought with persistent 
energy by men because their grander development farther on lends 
dio-nity to their obscure and distant sources. We go back from our 
present point of national progress and power in this closing decade 
of the nineteenth century to the small settlements of the English at 
Jamestown, of the Dutch at New York, and of the Pilgrims at Ply- 
mouth, in the early decades of the seventeenth, and the two points 
of contrast mutually impart a more vivid interest to one another. 
So it is with men, who, by their character and labors, as illustrated 
in what they have been and done, have impressed themselves strongly 
upon their fellows. The wish and the instinct are to inquire into 
their origin, their early lives, and their successive advances toward 
the ultimate result in which they became what they were, and ac- 
complished what they did for their country or the world. It is a 
natural and laudable impulse, and it cannot be doubted that many 
who have derived pleasure and profit from the labors of our departed 
friend will be glad to know something of his personal history, of his 
spirit and of his daily life. 

Henry Barton Dawson was born at Gosberton, one hundred and 
thirty-five miles north of London, on June 8, 1821. His birth- 
place was in the County of Lincoln, not far from the famous old 
town of Boston, on the eastern coast of England. In the spring of 



1890.] Henry B. Dawson. 235 

1834, when he was only about thirteen years old, his parents emi- 
grated to the United States, landing in the city of New York. They 
found a home in Manhattan ville and Bloomingdale, then almost in 
the suburbs, and here they continued to reside, Henry in the mean- 
time living with them until, in the autumn of 1837, the family re- 
moved to Ithaca, Tompkins County, New York. 

Henry enjoyed good advantages of education in his native village 
across the water, and in the town of Donnington, near by. After 
the removal to New York, except during the summer of 1835, he 
attended Public School No. 12 in West Seventeenth Street, and 
the village school at Manhattan ville, until March, 183G, when he 
was withdrawn from school in order to assist his father in his 
business of gardening. It indicated his quality as a student 
that the Trustees of the Public School Society offered him, in 
recognition of his fidelity and unusual progress, a free scholarship 
in any of four colleges which they designated ; but this offer, 
gratifying as it was, the circumstances of his father did not allow 
him to accept. 

Henry continued to assist his father in the gardens at Manhat- 
tanville, Bloomingdale and Ithaca until 1838, when he spent a short 
term of service with a wheelwright in Ithaca, and afterwards a 
similar term in a large publishing and book-selling house in the same 
village. The latter was most congenial to his tastes, and he greatly 
enjoyed the opportunity it afforded of reading and becoming familiar 
with books. It was much against his own inclination, therefore, 
and quite as much against the efforts of his employers to keep him, 
that he felt constrained to give it up. It seemed best, however, that 
he should leave Ithaca in April, 1839, and return to New York 
city, as the confidential clerk and book keeper of a prominent but 
aged resident of Ithaca, who was then removing to that city. With 
this gentleman first, and afterward with others, he continued to 
occupy himself in the same capacity, sometimes acting in important 
business transactions, until the summer of 1847, when he withdrew 
from mercantile pursuits, to take the editorial and business control 
of The Crystal Fount and Hechabite Recorder, a temperance and 
literary paper published in New York. He was obliged to take this 
step in order to recover payment of a loan which he had made to 
the proprietor. In a few months, however, he found it necessary 
to withdraw from this undertaking, with the loss not only of the 
original loan, but of all that was left of the entire savings of his 
life. He was then engaged in the service of the International, and 
the American Art Unions, in each instance acting as its agent in 
New York city, and with each, in succession, he continued to the 
close of its existence. Later he held the position of Secretary to 
the builders and first proprietors of the Wall Street Ferry to Brook- 
lyn, and then of Secretary successively to the Beekman and to the 
Mechanics Fire Insurance Companies of New York. When the 



236 Henry B. Dawson. [July, 

last-named company failed, through the concealed misconduct of its 
President, in 1856, his business career as an employe of others in 
purely business lines was brought to a final close. 

During all the years of his childhood, youth and early manhood, 
Mr. Dawson had spent whatever time he could control, including 
much which he took from the hours of his needed rest, in reading 
and study, especially on the subject of theology, of the science of 
government, and of the history of our own country. He became 
ere long a contributor to the press. As early as the spring of 1841, 
his occasional articles, generally on the political questions of the day, 
and always anonymous, which were published in the New York daily 
newspapers, attracted no little attention. Three of these articles, 
forming a series, based on the three sentences of President Harrison's 
dying words, and sent without the author's name to one of the popular 
dailies, were used for the leading editorial articles on as many suc- 
cessive days. The notice taken of them induced the editor to pub- 
lish three times the request for the name and address of the writer. 
For some reason the requests were not complied with, and the 
writer's identity was never disclosed. 

The peculiar character of his studies naturally led him to a close 
observance of the politics and the politicians of the day, not that he 
ever sought or even desired political preferment, but it was rather a 
study based on principle, and growing as a duty out of the citizen- 
ship which he highly prized. In fact, before any of the political 
leaders in the city of New York had made any public movement on 
the subject of "Free Soil," in the summer of 1848 he wrote a call, 
and headed its list of signers, for a public meeting to consider the 
subject, in the Ninth Ward, then one of the strongest Democratic 
wards in the city. He was chosen Secretary of the very large meet- 
ing which assembled in response to that call, and it became historic 
as the first " Free Soil " meeting held within the city during that 
eventful struggle. It belonged to the small beginnings of that mighty 
conflict between Slavery and Freedom, which, but little more than 
a decade later, shook the continent, and culminated in the Emanci- 
pation Proclamation and the surrender at Appomattox Court House 
that made Freedom national, from the Lakes to the Gulf, and from 
the Atlantic to the Pacific waves. 

He was associated with two of the oldest and most influential 
residents of the ward, and, with them, elected at that public meeting 
to represent the ward in whatever General Committee of the party 
should be appointed by other wards. Subsequently, with his honored 
and venerable associates, he took his seat as a delegate of the old 
Ninth Ward, in the General Committee appointed to conduct that 
stirring campaign, and, with John Van Buren, Benjamin F. Butler, 
Samuel J. Tilden, Lucius Robinson, David Dudley Field, John 
Cochrane, Alexander S. Johnson, Eugene Casserly, Wilson G. 
Hunt, William F. Havemeyer, Chauncey Sehaffer, and others of 



1890.] Henry B. Dawson. 237 

equal distinction, representing other wards, he continued to represent 
the Ninth, which became the strongest "Free Soil" ward in the 
city, in that General Committee, as long as the separate organization 
of the somewhat revolutionary party was maintained. 

When his associates in the " Free Soil " party returned to the 
Democratic fold, he did not go with them, notwithstanding he con- 
tinued to claim that he was, what they had previously been, a 
" Democrat opposed to the present administration." Entertaining 
these views, he immediately united with others disaffected in forming 
the " Free Democratic League," an association whose principal ob- 
ject was to prevent the extension of Slavery into free territory, the 
purpose to which the "Free Soil Party," locally known as "The 
Barnburners," had been nominally devoted. In the work of organ- 
izing that "League" he was associated with the well-known Hon. 
John P. Hale and Minthorne Tompkins, veteran statesmen, for the 
formation of the Platform and Constitution of the new body, and 
the original manuscript of that Platform and Constitution, drawn up 
by himself, and slightly amended by the "League," bearing the 
signatures of the venerable William Jay, John Jay, John P. Hale, 
Minthorne Tompkins, Cornelius Vanderbilt, Hiram Barney and 
others, was still in Mr. Dawson's library at the time of his death. 
The Hon. John Jay, afterward American Minister at the Court 
of Austria-Hungary, was President of the " League," and Mr. 
Dawson was its Vice President, a position he continued to hold 
until the League was superseded in its work by other organizations 
proceeding from itself, and was finally dissolved. 

When the political conflict in Kansas became so conspicuous that 
the attention of the entire country was called to it, he aided, in con- 
nection with John Jay and D. D. T. Marshall, in calling and organ- 
izing the three great meetings in the city of New York, in which, 
successively, the mechanics, the merchants, and the body of the 
citizens protested against the pro-slavery policy and proceedings in 
that territory. Of the large General Committee which the last of 
these meetings appointed, and of which General Avvazzani, the dis- 
tinguished Roman patriot and refugee, was chairman, Mr. Dawson 
was chosen secretary. From that committee, and the State Con- 
vention which it called and controlled, and the National Convention 
which was the outgrowth of it, proceeded that "Republican Party" 
which is now so well known in the history of the Republic and of 
the world. 

In 1855 he was an officer of the first Republican Convention held 
in Westchester County, where he then lived. He wrote and 
reported the resolutions which were adopted by that convention 
and widely copied by the press throughout the State. By the 
same convention he was elected, with John Jay, Horace Greeley 
and William Bleaksley as his associates, to represent Westchester 
County in the first Republican State Convention that was held in 
vol. xliv 20* 



238 Henry B. Dawson. [July? 

the State of New York. It will be remembered that at that time, 
as at all times previously, the Democratic and the Whig parties 
maintained their respective party organizations, presented their re- 
spective candidates for the popular support, and conducted their several 
campaigns with all their old time partisan and selfish eagerness, with- 
out in the slightest degree affording any aid or comfort to the young 
" Republican " party. It is now claimed by those who had opportunity 
to know, that some who appeared to sympathize and to act with the 
new party, were really in full but secret communion with one or the 
other of the old parties, aiming at nothing so much as to strengthen 
the old parties to which they had respectively belonged, by bringing 
to their support at the polls as many votes as possible from the new 
organization. To a nature as frank and open as Mr. Dawson's, 
everything like mere cunning and artifice was intensely disagreeable, 
and the discovery in others of aims that were not simple and 
patriotic like his own, tended to lessen his interest in the political 
struggles of the day. 

Although he did not cease to insist that he was a "Democrat, and 
nothing else," he continued to act with, and to support the great 
"Republican Party" up to, and after the election of Mr. Lincoln in 
1860 as President of the United States. Later on he thought he 
discovered a tendency in the party toward the centralization of power 
in the General Government that was in disregard of the Federal 
Constitution. Afterwards, when it became, in his view, still more 
conspicuous, he retired from the field of politics altogether. At the 
time of his death he had not voted for many years. 

After all, his tastes and his habits drew him irresistibly to his library 
and his writing table, where he found congenial employment in study, 
especially in historical study, and in the use of his pen. He loved to 
investigate, and he loved to write. As the qualities of his mind and 
the extent of his researches became more and more widely known, he 
was more and more frequently called upon to communicate of his re- 
sources to the public. The veteran Clerk of the Common Council of 
New York city, Deacon David T. Valentine, invited him to write a 
historical paper for the well known " Manual of the Common Council 
of the City of New York," of which he was the official editor. 
The result was a paper entitled " The Park and its Vicinity," occu- 
pying fifty-three pages of the Manual for 1855. It was Mr. 
Dawson's first production in American History. He presented such 
claims in behalf of New York, as against those of Boston, for 
priority in the Revolutionary movements of the colonists, and he 
maintained them with authorities so unquestionable, drawn largely 
from the contemporary newspapers of Boston and New York, that 
he at once arrested the attention of historical scholars throughout 
the country, and the author of the paper, greatly to his own sur- 
prise, was honored with corresponding membership in two leading 
historical societies, as well as with the congratulations of many of 



1890.] Henry B. Dawson. 239 

those of whose writings the country ie now justly proud. That paper 
Was afterwards republished in Beveral different fortns. 

His next effort was an elaborate paper, which occupied him more 
or Joss during two entire years, on "The .Military Retreats through 
Westchester County in 177<!. v It was written for the New fork 
J [istorical Society. Another paper, quite as elaborate as the last, w as 
entitled, "The Life and Times of Ann Hutchinson." It was pre- 
pared for the Baptist Historical Society, and subsequently published 
{a successive numbers of 'The New York Chronicle^ r weekly Bap- 
tist paper issued in New York city by the Rev. Pharcellus Church, 
J).D., and his two sons. Each of these papers may be said to have 
broken up new ground in historical inquiry, and n<>t only to have 
added to the author's reputation as a painstaking and faithful his- 
torian, hut to have greatly enlarged the circle of his literary friends. 

The most widely known, probably, of all Mr. Dawson's writings 

w;i- the large work entitled, "Battles of the United States by S 
and Land." It was written in successive parts in L858, on the in- 
vitation of Johnson, Fry < , publishers of a number of serials, 
and, when completed, was issued from the press in New York in 
two massive quarto volumes beautifully printed, and elaborately 
Illustrated with forty highly finished steel engravin The work 
obtained a circulation of thirty-five thousand copies, and gave it> 
author a place in the front rank of writers on Military History in 
the United States. The plan of the work is as peculiar as it i- at- 
tractive and useful to tin' inquirer. The operations in each battle, 
from that of Lexington to that before the city of Mexico, which 
ended in the surrender of that city, are given in detail, fortified by 
copious references to the best authorities. To each of these separate 
barratives are appended all the principal documents relating to that 
particular battle, and very frequently biographical sketches of the 
Officers in command. While engaged upon this laborious and trying 
work he was cheered by the encouraging approval and aid of Presi- 
dent Sparks of Harvard College, William Gilmore Sims, Washington 
Irving, Commodore Paulding, Captain Farragut, General Winfield 
Scott, General John 10. Wool, the family of General Worth, and 
others, the greater number of whom also furnished him with unpub- 
lished material for his use in preparing his several narratives. The 
book took its place among the standard authorities on the suhjeet 
of which it treats. 

An interesting correspondence grew out of the publication of 
"The Battles," occasioned by some of the author's statements in 
regard to the conduct of General Putnam at the battles of Bunker 
Hill and of Long Island. Objections w r ere publicly raised by the 
Hon. Henry C. Deming and A. Clifford Griswold, Esq., well known 
residents of Hartford, Conn., in the Hartford Daily Post, to 
which Mr. Dawson replied, and the correspondence extended over 
a period of six months, from January 27 to July 29, 1859. Mr. 



240 Henry B. Dawson, [July, 

Dawson is said to have obtained valuable information hitherto un- 
published from the Hon. George Bancroft, the great historian, in 
addition to what he had already discovered himself, and new light 
was thrown upon several points of peculiar interest in our history. 
At the instance of a few private gentlemen in New York city, and 
to gratify a demand for the correspondence which the paper could 
not supply, the articles on both sides were gathered up and repub- 
lished in 1860 under Mr. Dawson's editorial care. As a result of 
the discussion the Legislature of Connecticut was led to take special 
action on the subject involved. 

It is impossible within the limits assigned to this article even to 
mention a large number of Mr. Dawson's contributions to our his- 
torical knowledge, and those that are referred to must necessarily 
be spoken of in the briefest terms. In May, 1859, on the invitation 
of the New York Historical Society, he prepared and read before 
that body a paper on the rise and progress of the opposition in the 
Colony of New York to the Home Government. He devoted to it 
great care and labor. At the expense of General J. Watts de 
Peyster, of Tivoli, New York, the paper was afterwards printed in 
an octavo volume entitled, "The Sons of Liberty in New York: 
a Paper read before the New York Historical Society, May 3, 1859." 
It is full of interest, and presents concisely the facts concerning the 
"Battle of Golden Hill," in John Street, New York, in January, 
1770, where it is claimed the first blood of the Revolution was shed 
more than five years before the battle of Lexington. In 1860, 
when the struggle for the preservation of the Union was on the 
point of breaking out into open war, Mr. Dawson was already 
engaged on two further contributions to our history, one entitled 
"The Life and Times of Daniel D. Tompkins, Governor of New 
York, and Vice President of the United States," and the other 
"The Military History of the United States." The excitement of 
the times, however, caused him to suspend his labors, and neither 
of them was ever finished. 

Allusion has already been made to Mr. Dawson's remarkable suc- 
cess in bringing to light important documents and records that had 
long lain in obscurity or neglect. It may have been partly due to 
his good fortune, but behind all there was a sagacity in him, which, 
by comparison of circumstances, and by inferences drawn from ascer- 
tained facts, made him feel that the proofs of what he suspected to 
be true must somewhere exist. It was in this way that he brought 
out in conspicuous view a fact that redounds to the lasting honor of 
Massachusetts. In the year 1862, while pursuing his investigations 
into the political history of the American Revolution, the apparent 
silence of Massachusetts concerning Independence in the early part 
of 1776 impressed him so strangely, that he was led to make a per- 
sonal examination of the archives of that State in the Secretary's 
office at Boston. It resulted in the discovery of an Act of the 



1890.] Henry B. Dawson. 241 

General Court, which up to that time had been barely mentioned 
without comment by any historian, and altogether passed over in 
silence by nearly all of them, in which that Colony had declared and 
practically established its own independence on May 1, 1776, two 
months and three days before the Declaration of Independence by 
Congress, on July 4, 1776. That very important historical infor- 
mation, illustrated with a facsimile of a commission from which 
the King's name had been erased, and the King's seal destroyed, and 
a new authority given to the holder of it, not now by the King, as 
before, but by the Council of the Colony in the name of f The Gov- 
ernment and People of Massachusetts Bay in New England," in 
accordance with the provisions of that Act, was published by him in 
a letter addressed to the Hon. Luther Bradish, President of the Xew 
York Historical Society, which was printed with the title, "New 
York Historical Society. Declaration of Independence of the Colony 
of Massachusetts Bay, May 1, 1776." 

In the same way, while searching into the archives of the City of 
New York in 1862 for other information, he found what afterwards 
led him to discover the entire scries of Accounts between the City 
of New York and those who had controlled its revenues while that 
city was occupied by the King's troops and governed by martial law 
administered by the Commander-in-Chief of the Royal army, from 
1776 to 1783. As the originals of all these accounts had been 
carried away when the Royal army evacuated the City in November, 
1783, the finance department of the city had none of them, and at 
the instance of the Hon. George Opdyke, then Mayor of the city, 
Mr. Dawson made a complete transcript of these accounts, added 
copies of all certificates of those who had been appointed from time 
to time to audit them, illustrated the entire series with elaborate 
notes embodying the several military orders on which the several 
collections and disbursements had been made, and addressed the 
whole in a communication to the Mayor. He in turn transmitted it 
with a special message to the Common Council, and that body or- 
dered it to be printed entire in the Minutes of the Common Council. 
It was also printed in a separate pamphlet at the expense of the city. 
Afterward, in addition to a handsome recompense in money, he re- 
ceived from the Corporation of New York city its official thanks, 
of which an elegantly engrossed copy appropriately framed was for- 
warded to him by the City Clerk. So far as the writer knows, it 
is the only instance where the official thanks of the great City of 
New York has been voted for a purely historical service. The 
Council gave him also the unusual privilege of copying and publish- 
ing any of its ancient records and files which he should, at any time, 
desire to employ. It need scarcely be said that the recipient highly 
prized this recognition of his labors, and that he hung the engrossed 
copy of the city's thanks in a conspicuous place on the walls of his 
home, where it remained until the day of his death, and remains 
still as a family heir-loom. 



242 Henry B. Dawson. [July, 

It was about this time that an application was made to Mr. 
Dawson by the venerable Joseph J. Lewis, of Westchester, Penn., 
executor of the Wayne estate, personally a perfect stranger to Mr. 
Dawson, but induced by having read "The Battles," to write the Life 
of General Anthony Wayne, and the family papers were for that 
purpose accordingly placed in his hands. The General's descendants, 
however, having manifested but little or no interest in the undertaking, 
the work, although commenced, was finally dropped. The incident led, 
nevertheless, to one good result. For when the fact had become known 
that the Wayne papers had passed into Mr. Dawson's hands, the 
executive committee of the New York Historical Society invited 
him to prepare and to read before that distinguished body a paper 
on the capture of Stony Point by General Wayne, in July, 1779. 
He accepted this invitation, and in April, 1862, read before the 
Society the extended paper which is one of his best productions, and 
has become known in Europe as well as in America. In order to 
save the time required in copying the original manuscripts to be in- 
troduced into his paper, he adopted the novel expedient of taking 
those identical manuscripts themselves to the reading desk, and there 
reading them, instead of the copies, to the large and intelligent 
audience assembled to hear him. He had not thought of the effect 
that would be produced by reading, from those old time-worn manu- 
scripts of the Revolutionary period, as he had occasion to illustrate 
his subject, letters and papers in the hand-writing of Washington, 
Lafayette, Wayne, and others but little less distinguished ; but as he 
unfolded and read them, one after the other, and went on with the 
absorbing recital, the great audience became intensely interested, 
and bent forward to catch every word till he was done. It seemed 
as if the old heroes of the Revolution had come back to tell the story 
themselves. At the close, the Hon. Luther Bradish, the President, 
declared to the anxious wife of the author, that no such paper had 
been read before the Society in all the twenty years of his connection 
with it, and no such effect had been produced. The paper was pub- 
lished in 1863 in a handsome volume appropriately dedicated "to 
the Hon. Joseph J. Lewis, Commissioner of Internal Revenue of 
the United States, Washington, D. C," who had first applied to 
Mr. Dawson to write the life of General Wayne. The volume in- 
eluded an appendix containing all the known historical material of 
that period bearing on the subject, and was illustrated with fac- 
similes of all the principal manuscripts on which the paper was 
based, as well as with a copy of the Military Map of the Assault on 
the Fort, which was published in 1784 by the geographer to the 
King. The title of the volume is, "The Assault on Stony Point 
by General Anthony Wayne, July 16, 1779, prepared for the New 
York Historical Society, and read at its regular monthly meeting, 
April 1, 1862, with a Map, Facsimiles and Illustrative Xotes." 
Of his new and corrected edition of "The Fo^deralist," on which 



1890.] Henry JB. Dawson, 243 

Mr. Dawson was engaged for a couple of years, of which, however, 
only one large volume was issued, as well as of the notable discus- 
sion growing out of it in the New York Evening Post, between 
the Hon. John Jay and Colonel James A. Hamilton on one side, 
and himself on the other, afterward published in an interesting 
pamphlet at the expense of several wealthy gentlemen for gratuitous 
distribution, our limits will allow us no more than merely to speak 
in passing. It certainly throws light upon several debated questions. 
Other publications successively issued must in like manner be omitted 
from our sketch for want of space. 

In the spring of 1865 he accepted the position of editor of The 
Yonlcers Gazette, which he held for about a year, until he was 
obliged by illness to give it up. During that time, however, he made 
the first page of the paper the vehicle for the publication of a vast 
amount of interesting and important matter on different phases of 
our Colonial and Revolutionary history, which rendered the paper 
exceedingly valuable, so that files kept during that time commanded 
a remarkable price, in one case fifty dollars having been offered for 
a complete set. Many of these publications, particularly the series 
on the capture and execution of Major Andre, were afterward 
gathered up and issued in separate volumes. 

In 18 G 6 Mr. Dawson was drawn into the public discussion then 
going on concerning the Boundary Line between the States of New 
York and New Jersey, and he made a valuable contribution to the 
published collection of papers, on one side or the other, which that 
interesting debate called forth. The other writers, besides himself, 
were General John Cochrane, Attorney General of the State of New 
York, and the Hon. J. liomeyn Brodhead, the historian of New 
York and Secretary of the New York Historical Society, on one 
side, and the Hon. William A. Whitehead, historian of Perth Amboy 
and Secretary of the New Jersey Historical Society, on the other. 
The Attorney General in his closing argument before the United 
States Court paid a deserved tribute to Mr. Dawson for the service 
he had rendered in throwing light upon the points at issue. 

In the same year, 1866, Mr. Dawson bought The Historical 
Magazine, a well known Monthly devoted to discussions upon the 
antiquities, history and biography of America. The publication 
had been commenced in Boston, in January, 1857, under the able 
editorial management of Mr. John Ward Dean, but had been re- 
moved to New York in 1858. There it was edited in succession by 
George Folsom, John Gilmary Shea and Dr. Henry R. Stiles. It 
had already gained for itself a place in the periodical literature of 
the country, when the great Civil War broke out, which necessarily 
withdrew from its support all its southern subscribers, including many 
of its valued contributors, the loss amounting altogether to more 
than one half of its entire subscription list. Unfortunately, those 
whose names were still left on the books as subscribers, were, many 



244 Henry JB. Dawson. [July, 

of them at least, such only in name. They were non-paying 
recipients of the work year after year, and appeared to think that 
they were entitled to remain such. They had quite reversed the 
saying, "It is more blessed to give than to receive." 

The first number of The Historical Magazine under Mr. 
Dawson's editorial management was that of July, 1866. In the 
following January, 1867, he commenced a "New Series" of the 
periodical, giving double the number of pages in each monthly issue, 
and making two volumes per year, instead of a single volume as 
before. Into this work he threw his entire strength and intellectual 
energy during several years in succession, gathering around him also 
an array of distinguished voluntary contributors to its pages, 
which had not been surpassed by the paid staff of any similar 
publication in the country. The " Book Notices," sometimes ex- 
ceeding a hundred in a single month, for which the Magazine soon 
became famous, and sought after by librarians and bibliophiles, were 
always written by Mr. Dawson himself. The effect of all this be- 
came soon apparent in the more extended influence of the Magazine 
as one of the recognized historical authorities in the country. Its 
material support, however, was largely drawn from the students of 
history in New England and New York ; those in New Jersey, 
Pennsylvania and the West seeming to take but little interest in sus- 
taining it, and the South, where it had circulated before the war, 
not having yet sufficiently recovered its strength to indulge in 
luxuries, the income was insufficient to meet the expenses of publi- 
cation, and so, after having issued what was equal to thirteen com- 
plete volumes, Mr. Dawson decided to suspend its publication in 
April, 1876. 

At the same time that he was editing and publishing The His- 
torical Magazine, Mr. Dawson was engaged in performing other 
historical services of value to the public. Some years before he 
had made a complete copy from the Clinton Papers of the pro- 
ceedings in the trial of the notorious Joshua Hett Smith before a 
General Court Martial at Tappan, for the part which he had taken 
in promoting the meeting at his house, back of Haverstraw, of 
General Benedict Arnold and Major John Andre, and in assisting 
the latter to effect his escape and return to New York. The record 
itself which he copied was afterwards abstracted by some person un- 
known from among the Clinton Papers, and could not be found. 
Fortunately Mr. Dawson had previously taken his copy, and to 
supply the want occasioned by the loss, he conceived and carried out 
the idea of editing and annotating that copy of the trial, and having 
it published in a volume by itself. It was issued in excellent style, 
and entitled, "Kecord of the Trial of Joshua Hett Smith, Esq., for 
alleged Complicity in the Treason of Benedict Arnold, 1780. 
Edited by Henry B. Dawson : Morrisania, 1866." He also edited 
and published, later on, five handsome volumes under the title of 



1890.] Henry B. Dawson. 245 

" The Magazine Miscellany," a selection of the more important his- 
torical papers that had been published in The Historical Magazine. 

Notwithstanding the natural delicacy of his constitution, and the 
incessant labors to which his keen intellectual tastes and his indomi- 
table energy impelled him, he enjoyed reasonably good health, with 
the exception of a severe attack of pneumonia, until the summer of 
1868, when, like several of his neighbors, he was prostrated with 
malaria, produced by the opening of new streets in the vicinity of his 
home in Morrisania. The ague and fever came as an unwelcome 
visitor every second day during all the summer and autumn months, 
confining him to his house and obliging him in his enfeebled condi- 
tion to work at a great disadvantage in editing and publishing The 
Historical Magazine. In 1869 he had a return of the same 
trouble, and yet, singular as it may seem, it did not prevent him 
from writing and publishing, one after another, a succession of 
valuable contributions to our history. One was entitled, "The First 
Blood shed in the American Revolution : the Battle of Golden Hill," 
a closely printed paper of twenty-one pages in small quarto, in which, 
as in his paper entitled "The Sons of Liberty," before mentioned, 
it was shown, so far as the known facts afford a basis of judgment, 
that the first collision of the Royal forces with the Colonists where 
resistance was made and blood shed, was in John Street, New York, 
between Gold Street and Pearl, on January 19 and 20, 1770. 

Mr. Dawson's ill health, however, was becoming gradually more 
and more pronounced, and his literary activity and productiveness 
correspondingly diminished, so that from 1876 until 1884 he may be 
said, in a sense, to have been withdrawn from the world, confined 
to his house, and apparently a permanent invalid. Yet even then, 
in those long days of bodily weakness, he wrote a searching review 
of the second edition of Bolton's " History of Westchester County," 
which he published in numbers in the The Westchester Times, and 
several articles on the "Early History of American Methodism," 
published in The Christian Advocate in New York city. In 1884 
he was again pressed into the service by J. Thomas Scharf, A.M., 
LL.D., as one of the writers of the New History of Westchester 
County, which that gentleman had projected, and which was finally 
published in Philadelphia, in 1886. Mr. Dawson entered into the 
undertaking with characteristic zest and vigor, and he furnished a 
most valuable contribution to the work covering two hundred and 
eighty-one large and closely printed pages on "Westchester County, 
New York, during the American Revolution." Although the limits 
of the history did not allow him to bring down the narrative to a 
later date than November, 1776, he lays bare, in a striking manner, 
the hidden political springs behind many of the outward movements, 
and adds largely to our knowledge of those times. It is said to be 
the most ably written of all his historical works, and it was fitting 
it should be so, as his last bequest to our country's history. Finis 
coronat opus. 

vol. xliv. 21 



246 Henry B. Dawson, [July, 

Like nearly all men who have pursued his line of effort, he in- 
vestigated and wrote upon many subjects, often extended and valu- 
able papers, that have never been given to the world. Putting them 
all together, the published and the unpublished, they present an 
immense and almost bewildering mass of literary and historical 
matter, requiring an amount of labor, at the very thought of which 
any ordinary human being would stand appalled. 

He received from many quarters the most gratifying tokens of 
the appreciation and regard in which he was held for his services in 
the promotion of our historical knowledge. One of these was so 
peculiar, that it ought not to go unmentioned. It was a complete 
list of the Governors of Pennsylvania from the settlement of the 
colony down to the year 1870, including their pictures from 
William Penn to John W. Geary, with a mass of political and his- 
torical statistics, all compiled and handsomely arranged in a bound 
manuscript volume by William H. Egle, M.D., connected as State 
Librarian with the Government of Pennsylvania, at Harrisburg. It 
bears this dedication in black and red ink : " To Henry B. Dawson, 
Morrisania, N. Y., This MS. Compilation is Kespectfully Inscribed." 
Although a stranger to Mr. Dawson, Dr. Egle accompanied his gift 
with a letter written on a blank leaf at the beginning f the volume, 
of which the following is a copy : 

" Harrisburg, Penn'a, 
My very dear Sir: September 17, 1869. 

My veneration for what is true and valuable in History has 
prompted me in compiling this unique affair. I offer it to you as a poor 
tribute of my admiration for you as a faithful historian, of my respect for 
you as a man of letters, and my sincere esteem for your personal worth. 

As ever your friend, 
To Henri/ B. Dawson, Esq." William H. Egle. 

As the writer has reason to know, it was a spontaneous tribute 
that touched Mr. Dawson deeply. His services were recognized 
also by more public resolutions of thanks tendered to him by many 
organized bodies, and he was elected to honorary membership in a 
long list of historical societies from Massachusetts to Minnesota. 
In May, 1889, the Board of Trustees of Syracuse University re- 
solved to confer upon him the honorary distinction of Doctor of 
Laws, to be publicly announced at its commencement in the folio w- 
June. It was an honor that came too late. He died, as already 
stated, on the 23d of May. It is said of Copernicus, that as he lay 
on his death bed, only a few hours before he breathed his last, the 
great work of his life, De Orbium Ccelestium Hevolutionibus, 
which had just come from the press at Nuremberg, was brought to 
him that he might see it, before his eyes should close forever upon 
the light of time. He touched the book with his but half con- 
scious hand, as if he knew what it was, and then in the next moment 
sank into insensibility and passed away, only a day later in the same 



1890.] Henry B. Dawson. 247 

month, on May 24, 1543. Happier than he, Mr. Dawson saw the 
tangible fruits of his labor as they came from the press while he was 
yet living, but he never knew of the academic laurel that was about 
to be laid upon his brow. How the brightness of all human glory 
grows dim, when the eye fails, and the heart sinks to rest, in life's 
closing hour ! 

11 Can storied urn, or animated bust, 

Back to its mansion call the fleeting breath? 
Can Honor's voice provoke the silent dust, 

Or Flattery soothe the dull cold ear of death?" 

Mr. Dawson was married on May 28, 1845, to Catharine, daugh- 
ter of Abraham D. Martling and Esther Whelpley, his wife, of 
Tarrytown, Westchester County, New York. She belonged to one 
of the oldest families in the county, whose lineage ran back to the 
first settlers along the lower Hudson, and thence to an ancient Hol- 
land ancestry, of which she had good reason to be proud. In 1885 
the husband and wife commemorated the fortieth anniversary of their 
wedding, and the writer of these lines was permitted to offer his 
congratulations in these two brief stanzas, that had at least the one 
merit of coming from the heart. 

" Thank God for forty years of wedded life, 
of love and peace and sweet domestic cheer. 
While the glad eyes of husband and of wife 
Still see each other's face so Long held dear. 

I waft my greeting from the Hudson's shore. 

To where the Harlem's tides roll up and down. 
And pray that Heaven may l>les-> you more and more, 
And all the coming years with goodness crown." 

Mr. Dawson was a frank, ingenuous man, loving the truth, full of 
benevolent feeling, and taking pleasure in being helpful to others 
whenever it lay in his power. His vast stores of historical infor- 
mation and his vast library were readily placed at the service of every 
sincere inquirer w T ho applied to him, and few have more reason for 
gratitude than the writer of this sketch of his life. He has been 
criticized, and it may be with a measure of apparent justice, for a 
certain rigor of speech, which the French call tranclutnt, in the 
exciting controversies into which he was drawn, and it must be con- 
fessed that in the maintenance of his honest convictions he did some- 
times strike hard, but, after all, his heart was full of generous 
kindness to others, and it came out in manifold ways in the inter- 
course of daily life. In his religious faith he was a Calvinist of the 
old school, simple as a child in love and trust, and while resolute 
and heroic in the public defence of what he believed to be true on 
any subject, yet as gentle as a woman in his relations with his family 
and friends. The atmosphere of his home was delightful, and there, 
more than anywhere else on earth, his memory will be cherished by 
surviving wife and children as a sacred inheritance and trust. As 
he said himself, after his public labors had finally closed, he spent 



248 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. [July, 

the time in his home, setting his house in order "preparatory to 
receiving the summons of his Heavenly Father," and entering into 
rest. 

His funeral took place from his late residence in Home Street, 
Morrisania, New York city, on May 26, 1889, and was attended by 
many men eminent in journalism and letters, who testified their 
respect and sorrow. In conformity with his own request, expressed 
while living, the services were conducted by his friend the writer of 
this simple tribute, who delivered an address giving an estimate of 
Mr. Dawson's character, life and worth. On the following day, 
May 27th, all that was mortal was committed to the grave in the 
burying ground of the Old Dutch Church of Sleepy Hollow at Tarry- 
town, and almost in the shadow of the Old Church itself. There 
may they rest in peace, and awake at last in the resurrection of the 
just ! 

Note. — This paper was read before the Tarrytown Historical Society, May 
20, 1890.— Editor. 



LETTERS OF COL. THOMAS WESTBROOK 
AND OTHERS, 

RELATIVE TO INDIAN AFFAIRS IN MAINE. 

Communicated by William Blake Trask, A.M., of Dorchester. 

[Continued from page 183.] 

George Town April 6, 1723. 
May it please your Honour, 

You have herew* 11 an Account of my Proceedings since my Last. 
I waited at S 4 Georges in hopes y* M r Talbert whould have Arrived there 
with Provision so that I might have took a suitable Number of men to y e 
Eastward, but his Not Corninsr Oblidsred me to come to Kenebeck and at 
my Arrival at y e Mouth of the River I met him & left him there & came 
hither where I had Appointed Sundry of the Officers to meet me whome I 
met. I immeadiatly Enquired into y e State of that part of the Army 
w ch I found in a Miserable Condition, on w ch I call'd a Council of 
Officers to know what might be best for the presant Service of the Gov- 
ernment, the result whereof I send your Hon r a Coppy Inclosed. I 
detained 140 men at S* Georges in Order to 2:0 further East when 
should be Inabled by receiving provision, but when I came away from 
there I left 30 or 40 of y m Exceeding Sick; y e most p l of y m I hope on my 
return I shall find so many well men as to return down East, over y e same 
Ground I went before in part; & spend about 3 Weeks, and then Return 
to George Town on Kenebeck river, to know Y™ Honours further pleasure 
about the Forces left at Kenebeck river cV: West of y e same. I formerly 
Wrote y* I heard nothing of Cap 4 Harmon but only by Word of mouth, by 
Cap* Penhallow. I have since seen him & he has given me his Journal A: 
tells me has sent you a Coppy of y e same, & at y e same time he shews me 



1890.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others. 249 

a few Lines w ch you had Wrote to him on which I rejoyce that he has given 
so good Satisfaction. I now send part of my Journal Imperfect being not 
Compleated to this day, w ch I Intended, w ch you will please to Excuse. I 
trust your Hon r will look over all faults I having not had time to keep my 
Journal forward, by reason of y e many y* are Sick and Inconveinances 
Aboard. M r Wittemore who has heitherto Assisted me in Writing, is 
Sick, & has been so for a Considerable time, as for my own part I bless 
God I still retain my health in a great measure & had a Design if y e Army 
had remained so to have kept marching Constantly in the back of the 
country w th part of y e Army to Intercepted the Enemy in there hunting 
Ground, & on there Carrying places, for this time of y e year being one of 
their Cheif times for y r Hunting, & with the other part, I Intended to have 
kept them on y e Sea Coast in Order to Intercept there fishing and fowling. 
I have not received a Letter from y r Hon r since the 30 th of Jan 7 . I am 
Induced to beleive y* you Wrote me a line because Sundry of the Officers 
tell me they have received Lett rs from you. Lieu* Allen Informes me he 
Desires a Dismission for himself. Cap* Heath Still Informes me of y e 
faithfullness of M r Coleby one of his Serf 8 whome you Order'd a Commis- 
sion to be Wrote for. I beleive the Mistake was In the Penman, for I 
found 2 Commissions for Capt Heath But none for M r Coleby. Cap* Heath 
tells me he Should rejoyce if you Would give him a Commission to be his 
Liev*. Liev* Winslow Notwithstanding being dropt went East with me & 
Marcht to Pernobscout. I doubt not but he will make a good Officer & I 
hope y r Hon 1- will bear him in Mind when there is an Oppertunity to Im- 
prove him. Lieu* Moulton Informes me he has Wrote to you for a Dis- 
mission from y e Service & likewise Urges me for leave for to go home. I 
tell him I doubt not but you have thoughts of Advanceing of him as soon 
as Oppertunity will permitt. By what Experience I have had of him & 
y e Carracter I here of him I doubt not but he will make a good Officer. 
S r my Extream hurry at present Will not Admit of any Enlargement. 
Crave Referrence to Cap* Temple & Cap* Harmon who have yo r Liberty 
for coming home. I am 

Yo r Honours Most 

Obed* Humble Serv* 
Superscribed: [No signature.] 

On His Majes* 8 Service 
To the Honourable | William Dummer Esq r | Lieu* Governo 1 * & 
Commander | in Chiefe of the Prov | of the Massachusetts Bay | In Boston. 

Coll. Westbrooks Lett r 

April 6. 3 723 Lodowick Macgown 



Ensiorne 



Mass. Archives, Vol. 51, pp. 378, 379. 



a 1 



[As Lieutenant Governor William Dummer was a prominent director in 

the military operations of his day, as Commander in Chief of the forces in 

Massachusetts and the Province of Maine, it is perfectly proper and just that 

a brief biographical sketch of him should be given in connection with his letters 

and careful instructions to Col. Westbrook and his companions. He was, in an 

i especial manner, so thoroughly identified with the plans and measures of the 

/various campaigns in the struggle at the Eastward, that the war itself is some- 

, times termed, by way of distinction, as " Dummer's Indian war." 

The pioneers of the Dummer family, it is satisfactorily ascertained, came 
from Bishopstoke, Hants, in England. Mr. Richard Dummer embarked on 
board the ship Whale, Captain Graves, master, and arrived in Boston harbor, 
vol. xliv. 21* 



250 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others. [July, 

May 24, 1032, in company with the Rev. John Wilson, of Boston, who had made 
a voyage across the Atlantic, and on his return brought Mrs. Wilson with him. 
Mr. Dummer settled in Roxbury, Massachusetts. His wife Mary " was a Godly 
woman," says the Apostle Eliot, but " was led away into the new opinions in 
M lis Hutchinsons time." They went to Newbury, tarried awhile and then re- 
turned to Boston. She died soon after. Mr. Dummer married for his second 
wife, in 1(544, Frances, widow of Rev. Jonathan Burr, of Dorchester. She died 
Nov. 19, 1082, aged 70 years. Richard Dummer soon became a prominent and 
influential member of the community in Newbury and elsewhere, a colonial 
magistrate and a man of much distinction in church and state. In May, 1635, 
the" General Court ordered Mr. John Humphrey, Mr. John Endicott, Capt. 
Nathaniel Turner and Capt. William Trask to set out a farm for him, about 
the falls of Newbury. Jeremiah, a gold or silver-smith, one of his sons, settled 
in Boston. He was the father of Jeremiah and William. The former, author 
of a " Defence of the New England Charters " (London, 1728, reprinted in 1765), 
was considered, in his day, " one of the most remarkable men New England 
had then produced." His name " must ever hold an exalted place on the roll of 
Massachusetts worthies." History is silent in relation to the boyhood of 
William Dummer, or the educational advantages of his early manhood. Through 
the successful interposition of Sir William Ashurst, we are informed, he re- 
ceived an appointment from the Government to the high trust and responsibility 
of Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts. The times were then at a fever heat. 
Gov. Joseph Dudley, father-in-law to Mr. Dummer, had just retired, after an 
administration of fourteen years, from the arduous labors and duties of the 
Governorship. The workings of the new charter, though on the whole favor- 
able to the views and feelings of the colonists, was. in some important respects, 
adverse to the spirit of many of the older politicians and former leaders and 
partisans. Gov. Dudley's administration must have been, in not a few of 
its relations, an unpleasant one. Simultaneously, as it were, with Dummer's 
appointment, in 1716, came the new Governor, Samuel Shute, to our shores, 
whose advent and after career were marked by numberless disagreements and 
controversies on the part of the people and his associates in office. He appar- 
ently endeavored to act in a decisive manner, but was harassed and perplexed 
in the plans of his administration to a degree greatly discouraging to his own 
feelings aud those of his personal friends. Gov. Shute having, in reality, much 
of the military and commanding spirit in his composition, acted naturally, as has 
been hinted, with promptness and determination. For six and more long years 
he struggled, nobly, for the mastery. At length, discomfited and disheartened, 
he embarked on board a small vessel, and sailed for England. He never re- 
turned to this country, so far as we can learn, so that, nominally Governor for 
about six years longer, or until the arrival of William Burnet, in 1728. Dummer 
was, in reality, all that time, acting Chief Magistrate of the Colony of Massa- 
chusetts. Historians give him the credit of working wisely and well. We 
have not space to particularize. The circumstances of his position called for 
activity of brain and strength of purpose. His executive ability must have 
been great, as is well shown in his letters of instruction and suggestion, so 
forcibly given for the action of Col. Westbrook and others, as they lie before 
us. Niles, in his History of the French and Indian Wars (Mass. Hist. Collections, 
5th series, Vol. 5, page 345), says : " His excellency Governor Shute's affairs now 
calling him home, the care and charge of the Government devolved on the 
Honorable William Dummer Esq. Lieutenant Governor, whose prudence and 
good conduct made him acceptable to all, through the whole course of his ad- 
ministration. The first alteration he made was in commissionating Colonel 
Westbrook as chief in the eastern affairs ; who, February 10, marched to Penob- 
scot, and Captain Harmon, at the same time, up Amanscoggin River." 

In the winter of 1725-6, Gov. Dummer made a treaty with the Eastern Indians. 
A peace was then established, which continued with but little interruption for 
about twenty years. " Still the people were in fear, and frequently alarmed by 
small parties of Indians, until the reduction of Canada, which put an end to 
Indian wars in this part of the country." Gov. William Burnet being trans! 
ferred from the government of New York and New Jersey to that of Massa-J 
chusetts, in 1728, assumed the office of Governor, and Mr. Dummer was, for a 
time at least, relieved from its cares and responsibilities. The sudden death, 
however, of Gov. Burnet occurring on the seventh of September, 1729, Mr. 






1890.] Letters of Col, Thomas Westbrook and others. 251 

Dnmmor was again called upon to perform the official duties of the gubernato- 
rial chair. By the appointment of William Taller, as Lieut. Governor, June 30, 
1730, Mr. Dummer was once more, and Anally, released, and on the 8th of 
August, following, Jonathan Belcher was appointed Governor. 

The residue of bis years, being about thirty-one, Mr. Dummer spent, chiefly, 
as Ave learn, in comparative retirement, surrounded by friends, and enjoying the 
comforts and amenities of life. lie held his seat, it appears, at the council 
board, and, through many sessions after, was among the first in rank and 
position. At the ripe age of four score and four years, October 10, 1761, he 
passed away, having lived through the continued administrations of Belcher, 
Shirley, Phips, Pownal and Bernard. 

I lis residence, says Shaw, was in Orange Street, near Holds, in Boston. 

He was buried in the Granary Burial Ground. Two extracts -will be given 
from the funeral sermon of his pastor, the Bev. Mather Byles : •• I low nobly, for a 
shining course of years, did he till the first chair of government in the province, 
with superior wisdom, and. I think, unrivalled acceptance and applause ! How did 
he retire from it, followed with the gratitude and blessings of a whole people! " 
"This church can witness to the constancy and solemnity of his exemplary at- 
tendance on the divine worship : while his honours to Christ will be still seen 
here, on the communion table, and in the costly volume from which the word of 
God is read every Lord's day. His death was of a piece with his life In the 
large donations to publiek and pious uses in his last will." 

We quote from one of the Boston newspapers, of the day: — -'The wise, in- 
corrupt and successful administration of Mr. DUMMER, will always be remem- 
bered with honor, and considered as a pattern worthy of the imitation of all 
future governors." 

In Cleaveland's Centennial Discourse, delivered at Newbury, Byfield Parish, 
August 12, 1863, this language is used : — •• Scanty as Our materials are, there is 
enough to show that the character of William Dummer was one of uncommon 
symmetry. We discover no shining quality of mind — no prominent, out-crop- 
ping virtue. But we do discern abilities equal to every emergency — a judgment 
always calm and solid — great firmness — strict integrity and warm benevolence. 
lie may or may not have possessed those military capabilities, which, under 
favoring circumstances, make a hero — but in civil affairs and governmental 
administration, he undoubtedly showed, to a remarkable extent, that rare Com- 
bination of qualities, which, as exhibited on a broader stage, the world has since 
learned to admire in George Washington." 

Cotton Mather, in his letter to John Winthrop, dated Boston, May 1, 1725, 
says: " We have no Intelligence worth a straw. I was going to say. No Intel- 
lect. We are like to continue one year longer as we are — Inexpressibly Happy 
in our L* Governor's [Dummer's] wise & Good Administration." — Mass. Hist. 
Coll., viii. 458. 

Another cotemporary writer. Dr. William Douglass, mentions Dummer as 
one "whose good Administration is universally celebrated, and requires no 
Encomium of mine : He is alive and in good Health at this present Writing," &c. 

Hutchinson (Hist., ii. 368) speaks highly of Dummer. "His general aim was 
to do public service." 

Gov. Joseph Dudley compliments him, as "Mr. Dinner, who marryed my 
Daughter, & for his many worthy qualities is as dear to me as if he were my 
own Son." 

" He was highly respected by all parties when their prejudices did not ope- 
rate." " He was a man of such correct judgment and steady habits, such a firm 
and temperate conduct, when he supposed himself right, that the vessel of state 
was secure though exposed to the dangers of a tempestuous sea." — Rev. John 
Eliot, D.D., in his Biographical Dictionary. 

There is a portrait of Dummer in the volume (page 130) containing the pro- 
ceedings (December 15, 188G), at "the commemoration, by King's Chapel, 
Boston, of the completion of Two Hundred years since its foundation." 

Rev. George Leonard Chaney, then Pastor of the Hollis Street Church, in 
Boston, in a discourse to his congregation, preached December 31, 1876 (page 
6), says : " On May 2 d , 1742, the pastor, in the name of the Hon. William Dum- 
mer, late Lieutenant Governor and Commander-in-Chief over this Province, pre- 
sented the church with a large and rich folio Bible, on condition that it should 
be read as a part of the publiek worship on the Lord's day among us." The 



252 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbroolc and others. [July, 

thanks of the church arc voted to the honorable donor for his " stately church 
Bible," and one week later. May 9, 1742, reading from the Scriptures is intro- 
duced. Gifts of silver for the communion table and font are acknowledged 
from Thomas Enbbard, Silence Eliot, Gov. Dummer, Zachariah Johonnot." 

Appropriate exercises, at the one hundred and twenty-fifth anniversary of 
Dummer Academy, were held at Newbury, Byfleld Parish. June 19, 1888. when 
an address was delivered by lion. William Dummer Northend. — Register, 
xliii. 112. 

Dummer married April 26, 1714, Catherine, third daughter of Gov. Joseph 
Dudley, and sister of Rebecca Dudley. She died without issue, probably before 
her husband, as he mentions in his will neither wife nor children. — Register, 
X. 341. He was called second cousin to Judge Samuel Sewall.* 

He appears to have been engaged, at times, somewhat extensively, alone or 
With others, in matters of real estate, as the Suffolk Records of Deeds will show, 
being grantor or grantee of property situated in or near the following named 
streets or lanes in Boston, namely — Marlboro', School, Orange. Harvard, 
" Treamont," King, Cambridge, Union Streets, Bishop's Lane. Long Lane. Frog 
Lane; also in Dorchester, Dorchester Neck, Brookline, Needham, Oxford, 
Woodstock, and perhaps other places, in the space of forty years, between 1717 
and 1758. 

In 1719 Gov. Dummer was Captain of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 
Company, in Boston. Rev. John Webb, formerly Chaplain at Castle William, but 
then minister at the New North Church, in Boston, preaching the sermon. 

We close our sketch of Gov. Dummer with abstracts of his will, dated June 
28, 1756; proved November 6, 1761. He gives to Reverends Thomas Foxcroft 
and Dr. Charles Chauncy of Boston, and Nathaniel Dummer of Newbury, all his 
real estate in Newbury, rents and profits thereof to be expended in erecting a 
Grammar School-house on the most convenient part of his farm, according to 
the appointment of the then ministers of the Parish of By field, so called, in 
Newbury, and five of the principal inhabitants, freeholders, of said parish, 
elected for that purpose; and after the house is built, the annual rents, &c, 
to be towards the maintenance of a Grammar School Master in the school. 

Legatees: — The sons and daughters of his >ister, Anna Powell, widow. To 
nephew Jeremiah Powell, nine hundred acres of land in North Yarmouth, county 
of York. To the old brick Church in Boston, of which Rev. Thomas Foxcroft and 
Rev. Dr. Charles Chauncy are Pastors; to the Church of which Rev. Mather 
Byles is minister, annually to the ministers. To kinsman, Nathaniel Dummer, 
kinswoman. Mary Oulton; Capt. John Larrabee, Lieutenant of Castle William; 
kinsman. AVilliam Vans, son of Hugh Vans. To Reverends Foxcroft. Chauncy, 
Samuel Mather, Mather Byles, Ebenezer Pemberton. Unto each of the ministers 
of the Gospel within the Town of Boston, that lead in Divine service on Lords 
days, without any exception, and unto Reverends Mr. Abbot and Prentice, of 
Charlestown, a Gold Ring, of the value of twenty shillings Lawful Money. To 
the poor of the Parish in Byfleld, of the old Church in Boston, and to the poor 
of the Church of which Rev. Mr. Byles is Pastor. To Alexander Skene Esq. 
formerly Secretary of the Island of Barbadoes, to Harvard College, Mrs. Sarah 
Gerrish jun r (" she now living with me"). To Nephew John Powell his Gold 
watch, nephew William Powell his Gold Snuffbox; silver plate to the sons and 
daughters of his sister Anna Powell. To his Nephew Jeremiah Powell the 
Mansion in which he then lived, with the land belonging ; to said Powell his 
Pew in Mr. Byles's meeting house, his Goods, Horses, Chariot and other Run- 
ning Carriages, with their furniture, household stuff, &c. To heirs of Col° 
William Burt, late of the Island of Nevis. 

The Hon. John Wheelwright, Andrew Oliver. Esq., and Ezekiel Goldthwait, 
Esq., all of Boston, were the Executors to his will, which was witnessed by 
Peter Johonnot, Gregory Townsencl, Ezekiel Price. 

* The short paragraph in Mass. Hist. Coll., vol. vii. Fifth series, page 103, from Judge 
Sewall's Diary, as printed, in regard to William Dummer, may have a tendency to mislead, 
without an explanation, Jeremiah being the Government Agent, and William, as is well 
known, the Lieut. Governor in 171G. 

The passage in the volume reads : "Am told that Mr. Wm. Dumer our Agent is Lieut 
Govr." The original manuscript looks as though, at first, the Judge wrote- it, "Jer. Dinner 
our Agent Is Ll.Gov." then altered "Jer." to " Wm.", neglecting to strike out the 
words " our Agent." 



1890.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. 253 

For the "Family of Dummer," by Col. Chester, see Register, Vol. xxxv. 
254-271, continued in the same volume, pages 321-331. See also, Register, ix. 
174, 175; xxvi. 402; xxxi. 423; xxxviii. 457; xxxix. 411; xli. 337. Am. Quar. 
Reg., xv. 306.] 



S r I have your Letters of the 26 th March & the 6 th Aprill & with them 
your Journall to the beginning of March. I am glad to see you keep soe 
correct & regular accounts of your Proceedings. As soon as you receive 
this you are forthwith to take an Exact p'fect Account of the Number of 
your sick & well men seperate & give orders that the same bee done 
respecting the Forces that are not in your p'ticuler detachment whether 
Marching or Garrison Souldiers & Lett them bee sent Me as soon as possi- 
ble & as soon as I shall receive the same you shall /have further orders 
from me in the mean time I approve of the marches you mention in which 
I doubt not of your utmost dilligence & I hope you'l have the Success to 
Meet with the Enimye in their Lurking Places. I am glad to hear soe 
well of young Winslow. Leu. Carlile shall succeed Cap* Temple. I am not 
unmindefull of Moulton, as soon as Lieu. Allen desires a dismission, Hee 
shall have it & Coleby shall Succeed Him. Capt Sheeply writes me that 
20 of His Company are Sick & that they are very 111 accomodated at 
Arrowsick & that many of them will dye if they are long Continued there 
& therefore Hee desires they may be removed to some other Place. This 
affair I Leave wholly with you to dispose that Company as you shall thiuke 
most for the Service & for the Safety of the Poor Souldiers in which I de- 
sire your Care. 

Boston 15 rh Aprill 1723. [William Dummer.] 

Coll. Westbrooke Mass. Archives,' 72 : 82, 83. 



Sir, Cpt. Shipley writes me y* twenty of his Comp a are sick & that they 
are ill accomodated at Arrowsick, & many of them will die if they are 
continued there. & therefore desires they may be removed to some other 
Place; The Affair I leave wholly with you to dispose that Comp a as you 
shall think will be most for the service & for the Safety of the poor Sol- 
diers. I would have you take a perfect Ace* of the Number of y rr sick & 
well men separately, And give Orders that the same be done respecting the 
Forces that are not of y rr particular Detachment Whether Marching or 
Garrison Soldiers & that the same may be sent me as soon as may be. 

April 16, 1723. Y rr Serv* 

Col. Westbrook. [William Dummer.] 

Mass. Archives, 72, p. 87. 



S r , By my first Instructions to you you were Directed to Continue 
Your Marches after the Indians upon the Sea Coasts and among the Islands 
to the Eastward of Kennebeck River untill the beginning of May next. 
That time being near at hand and the Indians appearing in Several Parties 
on the Frontiers, of which I have advices from Cap 4 Heath, Capt Barker, 
L* Larrabee and others, and having latly Kill'd Three Persons and taken 
two more I think it will be most for the Service and accordingly Order that 
after you have left a Garrison of 15 men under the Command of a Lieu* at 
the Fort in S* Georges River you forthwith return with the Forces to Ken- 
nebeck River and Casco Bay and that you examine well into the Condition 
of the Soldiers and such of them as are in so 111 a state of health as not 



254 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others* [July, 

like to be soon fit for Service, You are to discharge, in Case they are willing 
to be dismissal, Provided that not less then Three Hundred Men be still 
Retained in the service ; And you are not upon any Pretence whatsoever to 
dismiss any others but such as arc disabled by sickness as above without My 
Express Order and for such you are to take the best Care you Can for their 
Transportation. The forces being thus reform'd You are to imploy them in 
Carefully guarding the People on the Frontiers in their Planting and other 
Husbandry and in waylaying the Places where the Indiands are most likly 
to Pass in their Coming upon the English being always Prepared to make 
up a body to attack and Pursue the Indians in Case they should Come in 
any Considerable Number; And as I approve of your Measures in 
Endeavouring to secure the passes in Kennebec River I now direct you to 
Continue your Scouts on that Quarter. This Sloop brings you a fresh 
Supply of Molasses, meal, Rice &c. I have Ordered the Treasurer to Send 
the More Molasses that you may Brew Spruce Beer for the People, which 
I apprehend will do good both to the well and sick. Lieut Larrabee having 
wrote me for a supply for ammunition he will Received it by this Sloop and 
I desire you will give Effectual Orders that there be an equal Distribution 
of all Stores and ammunition in all quarters. I having received Complaints 
on that head from several Officers on this side Kennebeck. You have here 
with a Commiss 11 for Capt Carlile to succeed Capt Temple which I disire 
you will deliver him in the Usuall Form, and also a Commiss 11 for Sam 11 
Jordan to be Lieut to Cap* Pecker. Your utmost Skill and Conduct will 
be needfull to be exerted in this Juncture for Doubtless the Enemy when 
they shall understand the sickly and weak Condition your | ] is un- 

der will make some Efforts to surpris us ; In your Discharging the sick 
Men, you must have Regard first to the Impress'd Men, Giving them the 
Preference to those that are hired. 

April 25, 1723. 

Post. It having been set forth that Ebenezer Boutel & Benjamin Reed 
are sick Men, Let them be among the Number of those you discharge. 

To Coll. Westbrook. Mass. Archives, 72 : 88-90. 



Sir 

I must repeat my Orders to you to keep your Men upon constant 
Duty in Scouting on the Skirts of the Towns & lying Wait for the Enemy 
in small Parties in such Places as it is probable they will pass. Your 
Knowledge of the Affairs of the Indian War, & particular Acquaintance 
with those Woods were the Motives to me in Putting you upon that Station, 
W ch some apprehend is not so proper for a Person whose private Concerns 
ly so near. I hope your Diligence & Application to the service will con- 
vince every Body of your Faithfulness in that Trust. If you can bring 
your Men to be patient & silent in their Marches & Ambushes I shall hope 
some Thing may be done for the Annoyance of the Enemy, Otherwise little 
is to be expected. Mass. Archives, 72 : 92. 

[Letter to Co 1 Westbrook, June, 1723.] 



I have y rr sev 11 Lett" of the 2 d , 3 d , 4 th & 5 th of June with the Journal & 
other Acc ts therein mentioned as well as those you sent heretofore. The 
Journal have bin communicated to the Court, And what ever some detracting 
ill minded People might suggest to the Judges the daily Acc ts of y rr Pro- 
ceeding will justify y ,r Diligence & Conduct, Aud indeed I have asked some 



1890.] Letters of Col, Thomas Westbrook and others. 255 

of the Judges about the Story, & they tell me they never heard any Thing 
of it. I think it is reasonable that the Captains as many of them as can 
be spared sh d have Liberty to come to Town to pass their Musters & ac- 
cordingly you may permit as many of them as you think consistent with 
the safety of the service, Cpt. Shepley, Ward, Barker & Carlisle have writ- 
ten to me for Leave. Cpt. Pecker now returns to you, And if Hill the 
Surgeon can be spared, let him come: As to y rr self, I think you had better 
stay a little while longer till some of these Officers are return'd, And I shall 
not forget to send for you, when it will be for y rr Service And am 

Y rr affectionate Friend & Serv 1 

Boston June 11, 1723. W m Dummer. 

Coll. Westbrook. Mass. Archives, 72: 94. 



Sir 

You are Directed to give Orders to y e commanding Officers of the 
sev 11 Forts & Garrisons in the Eastern Parts that upon the Appearance of 
any of the Eastern Indians under a Flagg of Truce set on a Pole or Staff, 
they permit them to come safely into their respective Forts or Garrisons, 
& forthwith give you Notice thereof, & You are thereupon to take Care that 
they be safely conducted in some Sloop to Boston without Delay & put a 
Guard of Soldiers aboard such Sloop in Proportion to the Indians that may 
come in. 

You must shew y e Indians of y e Five Nations a particular Respect if any 
of y m sh d come in w th the Eastern Indians. 

You must chuse out a discreet able Man to Command the Guard that 
attend the Messengers & instruct him to use those of the 5 Nations with 
great Kindness and Friendship & to see that they are well provided for in 
their Passage. Y" Serv* 

June 18, 1723. W m Dummer. 

Coll. Westbrook. Mass. Archives, 72: 96, 97. 



S r 

I have Receiv'd Your sev 11 Letters of June 11 th , 14, 15, 22, 27, 28 
& 30; with the Account of the Mischief done at Black point & N°: Yar- 
mouth. M r Pike also acquaints Me, that M r Dom : Jordan, was Assaulted 
& wounded by the Indians; as they are more then Ordinary Set upon Mis- 
chief, at this Juncture I should be Glad some Vigorous Effort may be made 
upon tliem at their coming on or Going off, & therefore Expect that my 
former Orders be followed Diligently as tho. there were No ^Expectations 
of their Submission which is a Great Uncertainty. And Whereas the 
Companies are Reduced by Sickness, Desertion &c. to a smaller Number 
than they Ought to Consist of, I direct You forthwith to reform the said 
Companies Under your Command & make them up Fifty Men each, under a 
Cap* & Lieu 1 : the Remaining Officers to be reduced or Dismiss'd as they 
shall think fit, You must Give a Preference to the Officers according to 
their Seniority, & not break in upon that Rule, Unless there be any 
Younger Officers that are more than Ordinary Useful in the Service (In 
Which Case I Allow of their being Continued), or auy elder Officers are 
willing to be Discharged. Let this Reform be made without Delay. 

Y rr Servt : 

Boston July 5 th 1723. W m Dummer. 

Mass. Archives, 72: 100, 101 [A Copy]. 



256 Knapp 1 s Life of Timothy Dexter, [July, 

Sir 

Your Letter of the 6 th Instant with the Advice of the Indians seen 
near M r Scammons Garrison &c I rec d 

Last Week By Major Moodey I sent you Orders to reform the sev 11 
Companies under y rr Command & to make them up Fifty each under a 
Capt a & Lieu* & the Rem a Officers to be reduced or dismiss'd (as they shall 
chuse) Preference to be given to the Officers according to y r Seniority Un- 
less there be any younger there than ordinary useful in the Service (in 
w ch you were allow'd to continue them in their Command) or there be any 
Elder willing to be discharged;* And I did particularly Direct to the Con- 
tinuance of Cpt Carlisle in Case you hold y rr good Opinion of him. I hope 
these Orders are rec d & put in Execution. If not let the matter be done 
without Delay. [No signature.] 

Superscribed : — 

Lett r to Coll. Westbroke. Mass. Archives, 72: 102. 

July 17, 1723. 

[To be continued.] 



KNAPFS LIFE OF TIMOTHY DEXTER. 

By William C. Todd, A.M., of Atkinson, N. H. 

THE life of Timothy Dexter, now a very rare book, was written 
by Samuel L. Knapp, a graduate of Dartmouth College, class 
of 1804, a lawyer and one of the best-known literary men of his 
time. Knapp settled in Newburyport as a lawyer in 1808, only 
two years after Dexter died and when his notoriety was at its height, 
and was in a position to learn all that could be known about him. 
He had seen Dexter, and in the preface states : "All the dramatis 
personal were well known to me, and were the subjects of my par- 
ticular study," and that he wrote his book from " memoranda made 
many years ago." His account of Dexter is that he was appren- 
ticed as a leather dresser in Charlestown ; that he commenced busi- 
ness for himself in that town at twenty-one ; that he soon after mar- 
ried a widow Frothingham, who had some property and aided him 
by keeping a huckster's shop ; that by industry and fortunate spec- 
ulations in continental money, state securities, &c. &c, taking hints 
from Gov. Hancock and Thomas Russell, the most eminent mer- 
chant of that day, he became rich ; that, failing to receive the social 
standing of these men to which he thought himself entitled, he sought 

* It may be noticed that there is, occasionally, a repetition in the instructions or direc- 
tions given by Governor Dumrner to Colonel Westbrook. We prefer to have these stand 
just as written by Dummer, taking particular pains to use his rough notes, when we find 
them, interlined and corrected, doubtless, by himself, and to publish them as they stand 
in the original, in the archives. Much valuable correspondence, on both sides, has been 
lost to the world, as we gather from references to letters stated to have been sent, but 
now unseen. 

These few repetitions of Gov. Dummer to his trusty officer serve also to show the per- 
sistency and zeal with which he advocated those military measures, oft times painful in 
suggestion and execution, which the exigencies of the times required. 



1890.] Knapp' s Life of Timothy Dexter. 257 

a new home where he would be better appreciated, and came to 
Newburyport, " bought two palaces," one of which (now the public- 
library building) he occupied for a short time, and then moved to 
the other, which he elaborately decorated with images, &c. &c. 
Knapp narrates, also, all the well-known speculations by which Dex- 
ter, in his " Pickle for the Knowing Ones," explains how he made 
his money, as of undoubted accuracy, and his statements have always 
been so received, even in Newburyport. 

In the article on Dexter in the October number of the Register, 
1886, the writer gave reasons why the oft-repeated speculations could 
only be regarded as Dexter's lies, or jokes, but the main events of 
his life were assumed to be as Knapp gave them. An examination, 
however, shows that even here the life is full of errors. 

Mr. O. P. Dexter, of New York City, has traced out very care- 
fully the genealogy of the Dexter family, and I am indebted to him 
for calling my attention to the many errors in Knapp's Life. In a 
communication he says : ? Timothy Dexter, son of Nathan and 
Esther (Brintnall) Dexter, was born at Maiden, Mass., Jan. 22, 
174(3-7. I have never seen any proof that he lived in Charles- 
town. If any one will examine the land records of Exeter, N. H., 
he will find that Stephen Noyes of Hampstead mortgaged land at 
Chester to Jonathan Mulliken and Timothy Dexter, ' leather dresser, 
of Newburyport,' March 16, 1770. lie married May, 1770, later 
than the mortgage above given, Elizabeth, widow of Benjamin 
Frothingham, and daughter of Deacon John and Abigail (Oilman) 
Lord of Exeter, N. H. Mr. Benjamin Frothingham seems to have 
died at Newburyport, so the marriage of Timothy Dexter probably 
took place at Newburyport, Newbury or Exeter. The land records 
of Exeter mention Timothy Dexter as of Newburyport in 1779, 
1780, 1784, 1786, 1787, 1790, 1795." These dates, it will be 
seen, cover nearly all the business life of Dexter. 

I have had the land records of Salem examined, and they show 
that, Jan. 2, 1770, a deed was given by William Wyer, mariner, 
to "Timothy Dexter of Newburyport, leather dresser, for 59 pounds 
8 shillings," and at different later dates are many conveyances, in 
which Dexter is styled " leather dresser," then "trader," "merchant" 
and "gentleman,"— rising in dignity with increase of wealth, though 
the last designation seems a strange misnomer. 

I have in my possession an indenture dated Feb. 9, 1785, by 
which " Timothy Dexter of Newburyport leather dresser " covenants 
to sell his interest in "four undivided fifth parts of a certain dwelling 
house, barn, and of the land under, adjoining and belonging thereto, 
and also all the said Timothy's right, title and interest in and to cer- 
tain three acres of land, all the premises being situate in Exeter, in 
the County of Rockingham and State of New Hampshire, and beino* 
the whole estate that was taken by an execution issued on a judg- 
ment recovered by said Timothy against Daniel Gilman of the same 
vol. xliv. 22 



258 The Banks Family of Maine, [July, 

Exeter leather dresser * * * on payment of the sum of two hun- 
dred and thirty-three pounds lawful money of the State of Massa- 
chusetts, &c." 

This indenture was signed by the two parties to it, Timothy Dex- 
ter and Samuel Sawyer, and also by the celebrated Theophilus Par- 
sons as a witness, who wrote the paper. 

At the earliest dates above given, Dexter was only twenty-three 
years of age, yet he had been in business long enough to invest in 
real estate, not only in Newburyport but also in New Hampshire. 
There can be no room to question, then, that though he may have 
learned his trade in Charlestown, he commenced business at Newbu- 
ryport, and that all his money was made there. I remember a few 
years ago an old gentleman told me that his father was associated 
with Dexter, and related anecdotes of him when poor, and living in 
an humble way as a leather dresser in one of the poor sections of 
the town, which I could not reconcile with Knapp's Life. 

The Dexter, then, of Knapp's Life and of common belief, the 
fool who made his money by senseless speculations that always 
turned out well, is a fiction. There is not the least evidence in sup- 
port of his stories but his own word. He was not in a position to 
get hints from Gov. Hancock and Russell, and he never had the 
wealth to engage in large operations, for his estate at his decease 
was valued at only $35,000, of which his real estate was $12,000. 

The real Dexter, with all his folly, acquired his property as other 
people do — by prudence, industry and business sagacity, which gave 
him a fortune for that period. Towards the close of his life, his 
vanity, ignorance and drunken habits led him into foolish display 
and eccentricities, and to increase the wonder he told the stories that 
have given him such wide and peculiar notoriety, and which have 
been so strangelv credited. As a man he was worthless, and onlv 
deserves the space devoted to him as an example of erroneous bio- 
graphy and tradition, of which so much still remains accepted. 



THE BANK(E)S FAMILY OF MAINE. 

By Charles-Edward 7 Banks M.D. (Dart.), Passed Assistant Surgeon, 
U. S. Marine-Hospital Service. 

EICHARD 1 BANKES, the emigrant ancestor of this family in Maine, 
was an early settler of Agamenticus (York), undoubtedly before the 
summer of 1G43, living in that part of the town known as " Scituate," the 

other division being designated 
.-- , /■— ^-^ /» C* "Scotland." These local names 

i^? I t~@ cti?r ^y ^ Cl Tt Y^f are P rooa °ly derived from the 
q^) *> — _■ 1 previous residence of the people 

who settled there, and in the case 
of Richard Bankes it appears that in company with Abraham Preble, and 



1890.] The Banks Family of Maine. 259 

Thomas Curtis, at some time prior to liis settlement in Maine he took the 
oath of fidelity at Scituate, Mass. (Plymo. Col. Rec. viii. 183). With one 
of these fellow emigrants, for such I judge them to be, he appears in 
Gorgeana ( York), purchasing in partnership, July 19, 1645, with Abraham 
Preble, John Twisden, his brother-in-law, and Thomas Curtis; and Novem- 
ber 20th, of the same year, tracts of land of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, the 
Lord Proprietor, and of William Hooke, one of the patentees (York 
Deeds, i. 101; ii. 179). Finding no evidence of the residence of Richard 
Bankes in Scituate, I assume that the record of his oath of fidelity in that 
town is merely the result of a temporary sojourn there, perhaps among 
friends, before he chose his final home in New England ; and it is of interest 
to note in this connection that his companion Abraham Preble married 
Judith Tilden of Scituate, daughter of the emigrant Nathaniel, and that an 
Elizabeth Bankes, who may have been a sister of Richard, married William 
Blackmore of Scituate in 1666, and for her second husband Jacob Bumpus 
of the same place. This seems to explain the local origin of the name 
"Scituate" as a section of the old town of York, Maine. 

Richard Bankes in his day and generation lived the life of an average 
man, assuming his share of the burdens and responsibilities of office as a 
citizen. It will be only necessary to group these public functions which he 
performed: — Provincial Councillor 1651, 1652, under the administration of 
Governor Edward Godfrey ; Selectman, 1653, 1654, 1656, 1659, 1676, 1679, 
1680; Juror, 1649, 1653, 1655, 1656, 1658, 1661, 1662, 1664, 1665, 1668, 
1669, 1671; Trial Justice or " Commissioner," 1669, 1672, 1679; Court 
Appraiser, 1659, 1663, 1671, 1676, 1679, 1681, 1686, 1691, besides 
several other special appointments, as Tax Commissioner 1652, Overseer 
of County Prison 1673. He became a Freeman of Massachusetts at the 
time of the usurpation proceedings 1652, and in 1681 appears in a list of 
inhabitants swearing allegiance to the King. He figures once in Court 

© © © © 

(1654) as a defendant in a suit of trespass, involving the title to some marsh 
land in York, and was defeated and mulcted for costs of the suit. In 1673, 
with Edward Rishworth, he was the joint signer of a letter to the churches 
inviting delegates to a council to settle the Rev. Shubael Dummer, H. C. 
1656 (his brother-in-law, they having married sisters), as pastor of the 
church at York. His last public act was as an appraiser, 3 April, 1691 
(Y. R. v. i. 65). The date of his death is not positively known, except that 
it occurred in 1692 (York Deeds, vi. 123) ; and as that was the year of the 
terrible Indian massacre, January 25, 1691-2, when 137 inhabitants of 
York were either killed or carried captive to Canada by the savages, his 
pastor and relative being among the dead, it is extremely probable that he 
met his fate also in that tragedy which sent such a shudder throughout New 
England. 

He married Elizabeth, daughter of John and Elizabeth Alcock of York 
(vide Genealogy, Register, xxxvi. 400), who survived him several years, 
but the date of her death is also unknown. By her he had the following 
children, whom I have arranged below in an arbitrary precedence, based 
upon the priority of their appearance in the public records, for there is no 
record of their births known to me : 

2. i. John. 2 3. ii. Samuel. 4. iii. Job. 

5. iv. Joseph, b. 1667 (deposes aged 60 in 1727). 

2. John 2 (Richard 1 ), probably the eldest son, as in a family document 
he signs first (York Deeds, vi. 123), lived in York where he had a 
town grant of laud in 1678, being then undoubtedly of age, which 



260 The Banks Family of Maine. [July, 

would put his birth at or before 1657. He was a signer to a petition 
to the General Court of Massachusetts, 1679, concerning the political 
troubles in Maine; Selectman of York, 1693; Grand Juror, 1692, 
1693, 1701 and subsequent years. He married twice, but the name 
of his first wife is unknown; for second wife he married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Peter and Sarah (Saunders) Turbat, of Wells (York 
Deeds, xii. 142), who survived him. His will, dated September 
22, 1724, was probated April 8, 1726 (York Probate, iii. 200), and 
her will, dated 1737, was probated 18 July, 1738 (Ibid. v. 143). He 
had the following children: 
(By first wife) : 

i. Elizabeth, 3 called " my Daughter in Law, my late Husband's Daugh- 
ter" in will of the second wife. She m. Nehemiah Clausen of 
Lebanon, Conn, before 1738 (York Deeds, xxx. 11). 

ii. JonN, d. s. p. probably, before 1719. 

(By second wife) : 

6. iii. Moses. 

iv. Hannah, m. Benjamin Jacobs of Salem and Wells, June 15, 1750. 

7. v. Aaron. vi. Mary. 

3. Samuel 2 {Richard 1 ), undoubtedly a son of the emigrant, although 

there is no positive proof at present known, was born before 1659 
certainly, as in 1680, when he must have been of age, he was a 
defendant in court. He resided at Cape Neddick, York, and was a 
ship-builder. He appeared before the bar of justice a number of 
times for various offences and in divers litigations, and in 1685 was 
found guilty of "impudently glorying in his own wickedness." 
(York Court Records.) He was an appraiser, 19 March, 1690-1. 
(York Deeds, 5, 66.) As nothing is heard from him after 1692, 
the year of the massacre, it is probable that he perished with the 
victims at Cape Neddick, the scene of the greatest butchery in the 
York tragedy. He was unmarried, probably, as no descendants are 
known. 

4. Job 2 (Richard 1 ). The same remarks as to Samuel's relationship 

with the emigrant apply to this person. Nothing is known of him 
except that he was fined for cursing in 1684, and after that he disap- 
pears completely from the records, probably perishing in the York 
massacre. 

5. Joseph 2 (Richard 1 ), born about 1667, as by a deposition in 1727 

(York Deeds, xii. 148), lived and died in York. He was a man of 
considerable influence in the town, and by his marriage became a 
landed proprietor in Saco and other Eastern settlements. He was 
styled Lieutenant in legal documents, a title doubtless gained by 
military service in the early French wars. His wife, whom he mar- 
ried, February 28, 1694, was Elizabeth, daughter of John and 
Elizabeth (Cummings) Harmon of York, and granddaughter of 
Capt. Richard Bonython (see Genealogy, Register, xxxviii. 50-6) 
of Saco. He died about 1744, but the precise date is unknown. 
By his wife Elizabeth, he had the following children: 

13. i. Jon, 3 b. Feb. 27, 1695. 

14. ii. Samuel, b. June 25, 1697. [1745. 
iii. Taiutiia, b. Feb. 12, 1702; m. Samuel Bragdon, Jr., and d. Dec. 28, 
iv. LYDIA, b. .Ian. 28, L706; in. John Card. 

v. MABY, b. Oct. 12, 1708; m. Daniel Bragdon, 1733. 



1890. J The Banks Family of Maine. 261 

vi. Joseph, b. Sept. 12, 1711; probably d. young, 
vii. Elizabeth, b. 1714; d. Aug. 30, 1720. 
viii. Richard, b. 1710; d. March 17, 1721. 

6. Moses 8 (John, 2 Richard 1 ), born about 1690, resided upon the family 

homestead in York throughout his life. He is variously styled 
gentleman, yeoman and mariner in legal documents and Lieutenant 
upon the town book. This military title came to him for service as 
Lieutenant of Colonel Thomas Westbrook's Company 1722-5, de- 
tailed to range the district of Maine from the Kennebec to the 
Penobscot to prosecute " the Eastern Indians for their many breaches 
of covenant." [Mass. Arch. xci. 136-8.] He married, 1712, Ruth, 
daughter of Elias and Magdalen (Hilton) Weare, who was b. Janu- 
ary 6, 1G96-7 [York Deeds, xiii. 142] and who survived him as 
late as 1703. [Mass. Arch. Ixxx. 291.] His will, dated March 12, 
1749, was probated November 23, 1750. [York Probate, viii. 77.] 
He had, by wife Ruth, the following children: 

8. i. Joshua, 4 b. Sept. 13, 1713. 

ii. Elias, b. Aug. 9, 1715; d. Feb. 1, 1725. 

iii. Maky, b. Sept. 12, 1717; m. Francis Bettes, Aug. 13, 1735. 

9. iv. John, b. March 12, 1722. 

10. v. Elias, b. Sept. 9, 1725. 

vi. Jeremiah, b. Feb. 7, 1727; cl. May 21, 1752, of small-pox. 

11. vii. Zebediah, b. May 7, 1730. 

12. viii. Moses, b. July 24, 1732. 

ix. Elizabeth, .Jan. 11, 1734-5; m. Benjamin Milliken, Aug. 2G, 1754. 

x. Ruth, b. Jan. 18, 173(5-7; m. Elias Weare, April, 1760. 

xi. Richard, not mentioned in father's will, but called son by widow 
Ruth in 17G3. [Mass. Arch. Ixxx. 291.] lie died December 4, 
17(52, of a fever contracted in the service during the French and 
Indian Wars. 

7. Aaron 3 (John, 2 Richard 1 ), born about 1695 in York, was a mariner 

by occupation. He was in the service of the Province, 1717, under 
Sir William Pepperell, and died 1763 at York, where he resided 
throughout his life. He married Mary Haines, to whom he was 
published February 12, 1726, by whom he had, probably, more 
children than the compiler has been able to discover, viz.: 

i. Aakon, 4 b. June 1, 1738; m. Mary Perkins of York, July 0, 17(54, and 
died at Penobscot, Aug. 9, 1823. He served in the wars of 1759- 
17G4, and the next year settled at Bagaduce, Me. He left an only 
daughter and no male issue (Brooks's History of Castine, Brooks- 
ville and Penobscot, 200). 

8. Joshua 4 (Moses? John 2 Richard 1 ), born September 13, 1713, married 

Mary Muchmore, September 18, 1737. His descendants, through the 
emigration of several of his sons before the Revolutionary War, 
reside in Nova Scotia, but the record of only a portion of his children 
has been ascertained, viz. : 

i. Joshua, 5 bapt. Nov. 4, 1750. 

ii. JosEpn, bapt. May 11, 1751-2. 

iii. Elizabeth, bapt. July 24, 1753. 

iv. Jeremiah, bapt. July 20, 1755. 

v. Moses, bapt. Oct. 22, 1758. 

9. John 4 (Moses? John, 2 Richard 1 ), born March 12, 1722, lived in York, 

where he married Hannah Preble, March, 1751, and had the 

following children: 
i. Phebe, 6 bapt. Nov. 12, 1752. ii. Hannah, bapt. May 28, 1758. 

VOL. xliv. 22 # 



262 The Banks Family of Maine. [July, 

10. Elias 4 (Moses* John, 2 Richard*), born September 9, 1725, removed to 

Scarboro', where he married Lydia Dresser of that town, January 
5, 1748. He was a sea-faring man, being master of the sloop 
"Willing Mind" in 1747. 

11. Zebediah 4 (Moses* John, 2 Richard 1 ), born May 7, 1730; lived in 

York, and married Abigail Muchmore, January 16, 1753, by whom 
he had : 

i. Zebediah, 5 born 1754, who was a volunteer seaman in the armed 
ship " America," a privateer under the command of William Coffin, 
1780. He was described in the list as aged 26, dark complexion, 
height 5 ft. 6 inches. [Mass. Arch. xl. 58.] He died s. p. 

ii. Zebulon, bapt. Sept. 5, 1756. 
?iii. Pelatiah, m. Sarah Avery, April 27, 1775. 

12. Moses 4 (Moses, 3 John, 2 Richard 1 ), born July 24, 1732, in York, re- 

moved before 1757 to Arundel (Kennebunkport), where he had 
married, November, 1754, Phebe, daughter of Jacob and Abigail 
(Bracey) Curtis and granddaughter of Ephriam and Elizabeth 
(Kilbourne) Curtis of Rowley, Mass. He removed about 1760 to 
Scarborough, where for many years he practised his profession of 
Engineer and Surveyor, occasionally teaching in the schools. The 
historian of Scarborough says of him : " He was well known in this 
vicinity as an excellent surveyor and draughtsman ; and we have 
seen plans executed by him which nearly equal engravings in their 
neat finish." (Southgate, History of Scarborough, 206; comp., Fol- 
som, Saco and Biddeford, 287.) He enlisted May 7, 1775, eighteen 
days after the battle of Lexington, and was commissioned as Quarter- 
master in Colonel Edmund Phinney's Regiment. He was promoted 
to the rank of 1st Lieutenant January 1, 1776, by commission from the 
Continental Congress, and saw service at Fort George, Ticonderoga, 
New York. After the war he resided in Scarborough, later in 
North Yarmouth, and died in Saco, at the residence of one of his sons, 
October 9, 1823, at the ripe age of 91 years. He was a Revolutionary 
pensioner. His wife died April 4, 1814. They had the following 
children : 

1. Jeremiah, 5 bapt. Aug. 1, 1762. 

ii. Bracey, b. Feb. 15, 1765; m. Sarah, daughter of Elisha and Jane 
(Libby) Berry, Oct. 23, 1788 ; d. Oct. 18, 1827 ; she d. Nov. 1865. 

iii. Moses, bapt. April 25, 1768; d. young. 

iv. Elizabeth, m. John Waterhouse of Scarborough. 

v. Elias, b. Sept. 11, 1774; m. Lucretia, daughter of David and 
Elizabeth (Oakes) Prince, Jan. 17, 1805. He was a physician and 
practised his profession in North Yarmouth and Danville, Me. He 
died Feb. 9, 1841, and his widow March 15, 1872. The grandfather 
of the compiler of this genealogy. 

vi.? Lydia, m. Jacob Wilders of Arundel, July 8, 1772. 

vii. Moses, b. 1770 ; m. Nancy Milliken, Aug. 1793. 

viii. Jacob, bapt. June 22, 1777 ; d. young. 

ix. Jacob, b. Feb. 27, 1783; m. Reliance Edgecomb, Oct. 3, 1805, and d. 
March 28, 1861, at Parsonsfield, Me. 

13. Job 3 (Joseph, 2 Richard 1 ), born February 27, 1695; resided in York, 

where he married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas and Martha 
(Winchester) Card, born November 19, 1699, and died March 17, 
1731-2. His will, dated April 3, 1770, was probated January 6, 
1772. (York Probate, xii. 170.) He had the following children: 



1890.] The Banks Family of Maine, 263 

i. Elizabeth, 4 b. Nov. 18, 1723; d. in infancy. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 20, 1724; m. Joseph Freethy, September, 1745. 

111. Samuel, b. April 6, 1727; d. March 28, 1728. 

15. iv. Samuel, b. Feb. 13, 1728-9. 

16. v. Richard, b. Sept. 9, 1731. 
vi. Martha. 

vii. Mary, m. Charles Bane, Aug. 29, 1765. 

16. Richard 4 [Job, 3 Joseph, 2 Richard 1 ), born September 9, 1731 ; resided 

in York, and married there September 20, 1755, Elizabeth Webber, 

by whom he had the following children : 

i. Hannah/ b. Oct. 8, 1756; in. Daniel Lunt, March 17, 1776. 

ii. Tabitha, b. Aug. 18, 1 7.">s ; m. James Bean, A.ng. 23, 1778. 

iii. Ltdia, b. Aug. 20, 1760; m. Timothy Littlefleld, Feb. 1783. 

iv. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 23, 1762; d. in infancy. 

v. Mary, b. Oct. 7, 1764; m. Benjamin York of Frenchman's Bay, Me. 

vi. JOSEPH, b. Feb. 9, 1767; d. Oct. 24, 1851. 

vii. John, b. June 9, 176'.); m. Abigail Fogg of Scarboro' (b. 1770, d. 

Sept. 23, 1792). He d. May 22. L844. 
viii. Ruth, b. June 21, 1772; m. William Beedle, Oct. 19, 1776. 
ix. Job, b. June 12, 1774; d. s. p. 
x. William, b. Dec. 12, 1770: m. Lydia Woodbridge. 
xi. Richard, b. Feb. 3, 1779 ; m. Elizabeth Westcott. 

14. Samuel 3 {Joseph 2 Richard 1 ), b. June 25, 1G97; resided in York 
during the early part of his life and married there, Sarah, daughter 
of Stephen Webster of Newbury, Mass. (int. pub. September 21, 
1728). About 1735 he removed to Saco, where lie settled on the 
Harmon estate which his father had acquired by marriage as above 
noted. (Folsom, Saco and Biddeford, 1 19.) lie was a towu officer 
in 1744. By wife Sarah he had the following children: 

17. i. Joseph, 4 b. Oct. 19, 1729. 

18. ii. Sam url, b. Sept. 1, 1731. 
iii. Sarah, b. May 14, 1734. 
iv. Elizabeth. 

17. Joseph 4 (Samuel, 3 Joseph, 2 Richard 1 ), born October 19, 1729 ; resided 

at York until six years of age, when he went to Saco with his 
parents where he married Hannah Stackpole of Biddeford, Novem- 
ber 26, 1754, who was a sister of his brother Samuel's wife. He 
had the following children: 

i. Sarah, 5 bapt. Sept. 26, 1756. 

ii. John, bapt. Dec. 4, 1757. 

iii. Joseph, bapt. April 7, 1760; m. Olive Cole, 1784, and d. 1844. 

iv Eli as, bapt. May 23, 1762. 

v. Hannah. vi. Patience. vii. Ann. viii. Samuel. 

18. Samuel 4 (Samuel 3 Joseph 2 Richard 1 ), born September 1, 1731, in 

York; removed to Biddeford with his parents and married there 
Phebe Stackpole, April 15, 1761, by whom he had the following 
children : 

i. Lydia, 5 bapt. June 20, 1762. 

ii. Samuel, d. s. p. 

iii Bethiah, m. Samuel Thompson. 

iv. Mary, unm. 

v. Cummings, b. 1770; m. 1st, Mary Edgecomb, Jan. 31, 1796; m. 2d, 

Mary Foss. 

vi. James, d. s. p. 

vii. Jane, unm. viii. Sarah, unm. 



264 Sextons' Book, First Church, Elizabeth, 1ST. J. [July, 



RECORD BOOK OF THE SEXTONS OF THE FIRST PRES- 
BYTERIAN CHURCH OF ELIZABETHTOWN, ESSEX 
COUNTY (NOW ELIZABETH, UNION 
COUNTY), NEW JERSEY, 

Communicated by Edmund Janes Cleveland, of Hartford, Conn. 

N. B. The other church record books were consumed (or lost) with the 
parsonage and church which were burned by British soldiers, Feb. 25, 
1779, and Jan. 25, 1780. The Sextons' Book — record by the sextons of 
burials in the church burying-ground — is labelled : 

Deaths E. Town. 



NAMES. 


AGE 


DEATH. 


DISEASE. 


William Woodruff Sexton 




1766 






Wife of Elijah Davis 




April 


7 




Child of Abraham Meeker 






14 




Child of Benjamin Magie 




May 


9 




Child of Rev d Mr. Caldwell 






12 




Mother of George Price 






13 




2 children of John Conner 




July 


3 




Wife of Ichabod Grummon 






it 




Child of David Crane 




Aug* 


4 




Child of a Soldier 


i — i 




< t 




Child of Samuel Williams 


^6 




n 




Child of J^**« [thus erased] Cooper 


Cfl 




18 


r—p 


Woodruff 


■4-3 






t5 


W T ife of Capt. James Lyon 


o 




30 


1— 1 


Child of Matthias Ogden 


C3 


Sept. 


1 


o 


Dau r of James Lyon 


r—i 




5 


fi 


Harry son of Capt. Elias Dayton 


pa 
i i 




13 


r* 
1 


Brother of John Ross 






15 


s 

4 1 


Child of Robert Ogden 






16 


do. of Benjamin Winans 






17 




Son of Abraham Winans 






23 




Child of Jona. Winans 




Oct. 


15 




Wife of Jonathan Dayton 






20 




Grandfather of Nathan Woodruff 




Nov. 


17 




Baldring 






1 1 




Child of Moses Price 






21 




Child of Nathaniel Bond 






1 1 




Child of Isaac Arnett 




Dec. 

1707 

Mar. 


2 




Child of dan. of Benj n Crane 




1 




Timothy Woodruff 




Aug. 


4 





1890.] Sextons' Booh, First Church, Elizabeth, JV. J. 265 



NAMES. 



AGE 



DEATH. 



DISEASE. 



Child of David Crane 

Daughter of 

Stephen Crane Esq. 
Wife of Matthias Lyon 

Wife of Lisby 

Timbrill 
Samuel Woodruff Esq. 
David Williams 
Child of Dickerson 

Child of Elihu Dudley 

Hinds 
Wife of Caleb Ilalsted 

James Woodruff 

of Ural Woodruff 

A soldier 

Old Griffin 
Child of Jonathan Crane 

Susanna Miller 
Child of James Carmicle 
Child of Benj n Hatfield 
Child of Joseph Meeker 
Child of a soldier 
Wife of Ezekiel Woodruff 
Father of Charles Tooker 
Dau. of Ichabod Grummon 
Wife of David Crane 
Child of Elijah Woodruff 
Wife of John Conner 
Sisters dau. of W m Price 
Child of John Looker [or Locker] 
Dau. of Samuel Smith 
Dau. of W m Stibbs 

Richard Timbril [or Timbul] 
Child of Joseph Stackbouse 

Isaac Sullenger [or Jullenger] 

James Ross 

Joseph Hinds 

A soldier 
Negro child of Mr. M c Daniel 

Dau. of Widow Thane [in pencil " Jan "] 

Child of John Chandler 

Child of David Lyon 

Widow of Daniel Meeker Sen r 

Stephen Wilcox 
Moses Woodruff 

[In pencil " Mary"] Wife of Nathaniel 
Woodruff 



<v 

4-1 

o 

a 

a 
5 



1768 
June 
July 



Aug* 
Sept. 
Dec. 

1769 
Jan. 
Feb. 



Mar. 



April 
June 



July 
Aug 
Aug 
Oct 



Nov 



Dec 1 



1770 
July 

Feb r 

March 
June 



20 
1 



26 

22 

2 

5 

24 

8 

13 

15 

27 

28 

6 

7 

12 

\G 

14 

20 

21 

21 

14 

24 

6 
(( 

21 
25 
27 
28 
13 
14 
21 

1 

3 
18 
22 
26 

14 

30 

8 
tt 

14 

7 

12 



H3 
0) 

■*-> 

o 

a 

a 

s 



266 Sextons' Booh, First Church, Elizabeth, JSF, J. [July, 



NAMES. 



AGE 



DEATH. 



DISEASE. 



of Isaac Woodruff 
Son of Benj n Miller 
Dau. of Widow Thane 
Child of John Chandler 

John Dane 
Child of David Chandler 

One of the Poor 
Child of Thomas Quigley 
Child of Thomas Williams 

of John Clawson 
Child of Gabriel Meeker 
Father of Elias Boudinot 
Wife of Daniel Williams 

Joseph Little 
Child of Nehemiah Crane 
Child of D. Chandler 
Child of John Jewel Jun 

Poor woman 
Child of David Whitehead Jun r 
Son of Richard Townley 

Poor boy 
Child of Jonathan Winans 
Mother of Charles Tooker 
Child of Abraham Meeker Jun r 

Samuel Chandler 
Joanna Hardy Child 
Child of Isaac Col lard 
Child of Daniel Price Jun r 
Jonathan Son of Sam 1 Winans 
Child of Austin Penny 
Father in Law of Ephraim Baker 

John Clark 
Wife of Nathan Woodruff [in pencil 

Son of John Durham 

Ebenezer Spinning 
Child of James Carmicle 

Child of John Meeker 
Child of Abraham Hatfield 
Wife of Josiah Winans 
Child of Josiah Winans 
Mother of Nathaniel Bond 
Child of Nathaniel Bond 

James Lyon 
Child of Matthew Canfield 
Child of John Arnet 
Child of George Ross 



■73 
CO 

^_ 
O 
P 

5 



tfied 



1770 
June 

July 



Aug 1 
Oct 



July 
Aug 1 



Sept 
Oct 



Dec r 

1771 

Jan'y 

Feby 

Febr 

March 

Jan'y 
April 

May 

1772 
July 
Au£ 



1773 
Feby 
July 

Oct 



18 
23 
14 
30 

7 

3 

4 
tt 

13 
15 
19 

5 
19 
26 

6 

6 
29 

1 

14 

23 

28 
17 
28 

1 
31 

7 
14 
21 
23 

2 
27 
12 

4 
15 

9 

1 

6 



3 

12 

19 



H3 

<v 

?P 

-4-3 

o 

- 

a 

5 



1770"] 






1890.] Sextons' Booh, First Church, Elizabeth, JSF. J. 267 



NAMES. 


AGE 


DEATH. 


DISEASE. 






1774 






Nathaniel Meeker 




Jany 


26 




Jacob Baker 




Feby 


13 




Child of Stephen Passel [Parcell] 










Wife of Benj n Willis 




Mar 


16 




Son of Thomas Quigley 




July 


15 




Docf Burnet 






13 




Child of Robert Stewart 






24 




2 Child" of David Ross 




Sept. 


26 




Child of Daniel Sale 




Oct r 


15 




2 Children of W m M. Barnet 




Nov r 


17 




[In pencil " Rachel "] child of Abraham 










Osborn 






26 




Wife of Abner Woodruff 




Dec r 


1 




Child of David Thompson 




May 


21 




Timothy Price 






25 




Master Williams 






27 




Dau. of William Pool 




June 


6 




Child of Widow Ogden 






17 




Wife of Thomas Burrows 




July 


3 




Child of Isaac Woodruff 






7 




Dau. of Michael Iliggius 


i — i 




22 




Child of David Lyon 




Aug 4 


3 


i— ■ i 


Child of Stephen Crane 


«3 

-1-9 




9 


T3 
Ci 


Dau. of Matthias Crane 




11 


er" t 


Son of Jacob Hetfield 


O 

a 




20 


M-3 


Jacob Hetfield 






23 


O 

P 


Widow of Jacob Hetfield 






27 




Henry Galhante 


3 
i i 


Sept r 


10 


M 
08 


Child of W m Haviland 






a 


s 

1 1 


Child of John Say re 






19 




Child of Samuel Morehouse 






23 




nf H li , i r ' iv limn" 




Oct r 
Nov* 


1 1 




Child of George Droe 




1 X 

30 




Dau. of Benj n Pierson 




Dec r 


1 




Benj n Hinds 






14 




Widow Bond 




1775 


21 




Child of Andrew Miller 




Jany 


7 




Child of Jacob Winans 






31 








Feb r 


10 




■■ VI vjrtJOI Ux5 -Ddugiey 




Elizabeth Whitead 






11 




Child of Jacob Crane 






16 




Child of Daniel Spinning 






19 




Samuel Ogden 






21 




Mrs. Ayres 




Jan r 


18 




Widow Masters 




Feb. 


23 




Mother of John Chandler 




April 


17 




Samuel son of Benj n Crane 




May 


8 





2G8 



Sextons' Book, First Church, Elizabeth, N. J. [July, 



NAMES. 


AGE 


DEATH. 


DISEASE. 






1775 






Child of M r Gates 




May 


22 




Dau. of James Stackhouse 






28 




Ephraim Baker 






29 




"Widow Baltinghouse 




June 


8 




Child of George Everson 






20 




Child of John Moony 






22 




■ nf l^'ivirl TiTnn 






July 


16 




■ ' UJ- XJtXv l\-l X-JJKJLl 




Moses Price 






18 




Child of Nehemiah Crane 




Aug 1 


7 




Child of W m Meeker 






22 




Child of Peter Vanderbilt 






28 




John Arnet 




Sep r 


6 




Widow Williams 






7 




"Wife of Isaac Winans 






13 




Child of David Crane 






n 




Child of Daniel Sayre 




Oct. 


31 




Child of John Blanchard 






4 




Child of Jonathan Morehouse 






9 




Child of John Scott 






21 




Child of W m Higgins (B. smith) 




Nov r 
1776 


4 




Charity Meeker 




Jany 


18 




Wife of David Woodruff Sen r 








29 


i — i 


Jonathan Magie 




Mar 


6 




John Spinning 








12 


i— < 

rr-! 


Child of Caleb Crane 




6 




it 




"Wife of Stephen Orsborn 








15 


O 

a 


Daniel Bedell 








23 




Child of William Clark 






April 


18 


i— 1 
c3 


Child of M r Pollock 






May 


4 


5 
1 i 


Child of W m Crane 






5 




Child of Joseph Barnett 








10 




"Wife of Joshua Conklin 








20 




Dau. of Moses Price 






24 




Thomas Williams 






July 


22 




A Rifleman 








23 




Child of David Ross 4th 








25 




Wife of Isaac Badgley 






tt 




Job Smith 




Aug* 


8 




Child of John Ogden Jun r 






19 




Son of John Blanchard 








20 




Abraham Meeker Jun r 








25 




Child of Ezekiel Baker 








tt 




Son of William Simmons 






31 




Child of Soldier 




Sept 


2 




Soldier 






5 




[In pencil "Jane"] Wife of Benj n Winans 






8 




Child of Cornelius Miller 








a 




Child of William Clark 








9 








1890.] Sextons' Booh, First Church, Elizabeth, JSF. J. 



2C9 



NAME. 


AGE 


DEATH. 


DISEASE. 






1776 






Son of Moses Miller 




Sept 


10 




Widow Hatfield 






15 




Child of Sam 1 Chandler 






a 




Child of Joanna Hardy 






a 




[In pencil " Elizabeth"] Wife of Timothy 










Woodruff 






16 




A Soldier 










David Smith 






n 




Child of James Crane Jun r 






tt 




Child of John Potter Jun r 






tt 




Child of David Thompson 






it 




Wife of Stephen Crane Sen r 






17 




Child of Thomas Poluk [Pollock] 






24 




Wife of Kbenezer Spinning 




Oct 


16 




Wife of Thomas Williams 






tt 




Wife of Swan 






it 










it 




Daniel Price 






19 


r~i 


Major Wade 






20 


T3 


Child of Samuel Woodruff 






22 


•4-J 


Child of Benf Willis 






23 


Reyney 






24 


O 


Son of David Peirson 






a 




Woman died at house of Jas. Haines 










Child of W m Crissey 




Nov 


3 


5 


Soldier died at Hospital 






a 




Child of John Clawson 






7 




Nathaniel Price 






8 




Child of Jonathan Morehouse 






tt 




Soldier 






10 




Mary Ayres 






tt 




Wife of Soldier 






13 




Wife of Moses Austin 






8 




Jacob Taylor 




Dec r 


18 




Phebe Remsden 




1777 


19 




Benjamin Clark 




J any 


12 




Child of Alexander Dickey 






18 




Nathaniel Woodruff 






19 




Widow of Joseph Halsey 






tt 




Elijah son of David Woodruff 






20 




Wife of Samuel Price 






23 




Child of Elias Winans (Tailor) 


8 


Feby 


3 




Wife of Jonathan Williams 






6 




John Ogden Jun r 






7 




Child of Thomas Woodruff 






10 




Hobel a Soldier 






16 




Child of Livington 






1 17 





VOL. XLIV. 



23 



[To be continued.] 



270 Soldiers in King Philijfs War. [July, 



SOLDIERS IN KING PHILIP'S WAR. 

Communicated by the Eev. George M. Bodge, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 

[Continued from page 147.] 

No. XXX. 

Christian Indians of Mr. Eliot and Gen. Gookin. 



i 



N this history reference has constantly been made to the Christian 
or Friendly Indians, and in some cases comments have been 
made as to their relation to the war, their personal services, etc. It 
seems fitting that some more general and definite reference should be 
made to their services and their relation to the Colony, as well as 
to their place in public opinion. 

In order to a clear understanding, it may be well to refer briefly 
to the origin of the movement which resulted in "christianizing" a 
part of the Indians in the New England Colonies. The experiment 
was inaugurated by the zealous efforts of Rev. John Eliot, who 
came to New England in the ship "Lyon, William Peirce Master," 
which arrived in Boston, November" 3, 1631. He was born in 
Nasing, Essex, England, in 1604, "of godly parents." He was a 
fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge, where he took his B.A. in 1622. 

Upon his arrival in Boston, Mr. Eliot was engaged to officiate in 
the church in the absence of Mr. Wilson, the pastor, then in Eng- 
land ; and next year, his friends, to whom he was partly engaged 
before leaving England, having arrived and settled at Roxbury, he 
was called to their new church, and there ordained as their teacher 
in 1632. His affianced wife arrived in the summer of that year, 
and they were married in October. Mr. Eliot soon evinced deep 
interest in the Welfare of the Indians, and studied their language 
and habits, and especially their habits of thought in the direction of 
religion. He went much amongst them, and, in order to a closer 
study of their language, hired one of good intelligence and spirit to 
live at his house and assist in his studies. This Indian was Job 
Nesutan, and he was Mr. Eliot's chief assistant, but was killed at 
the beginning of Philip's War, while serving with the English 
against Philip, though he was then eighty-six years old. Mr. Eliot 
was eminent for his learning, especially in Hebrew, but was more 
eminent for his deep piety and self-consecration to his chosen work. 
He was particularly impressed with the great opportunity presented 
by the Indian tribes for the spread of the gospel of Christ. He 
marked with great concern the general indifference of the English 
to this opportunity for Christian work, but doubled his own 
endeavors to achieve the great purpose. There is no more glorious 
achievement in our annals, both for its heroic spirit and its vast 



1890.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 271 

labor, than his mastering of the Indian language and his translation 
of the Bible into the Indian tongue. In the meantime the Indians 
in the neighborhood of the settlements had lived mostly at peace 
with the English, who had bought their lands, peltry, and labor, 
and paid in "truck," cheap clothes, fire-arms, ff fire-water," etc., for 
the most part carrying on with them a system of deception and 
extortion which we in our reverence for the Puritans and Pilgrims 
can hardly realize as possible. But we remember the confidence of 
their religious purpose and their strong faith that God meant this 
country for them, and to "give the lands of the heathen for their 
inheritance ; " and they looked upon the Indians, as the Jews upon 
the Gentiles of old, as necessary impediments to their onward course, 
to be used for their own advantage, when possible, or to be pushed 
aside at will. But all did not hold this opinion ; and there were 
many among the leaders in all the colonies who from the first re- 
garded the rights of the Indians, and sought to help them ; and 
many believed that they should be treated with justice under the 
laws, their rights maintained, and their spiritual welfare secured by 
the efforts of the Courts and the Churches. 

Many letters had been written by the settlers to their friends in 
England, about the Indians and their habits, and also of the remark- 
able success of the French Jesuits in converting them to their re- 
ligion ; all which had the effect of stirring up a strong sentiment in 
England towards the evangelization of the Indians in New England 
by the settlers. But greatest of all influences tending to this 
purpose were the letters and tracts of Mr. Eliot. Several of the 
tracts are still preserved, and Xo. 1 was reprinted in 1865 for 
Joseph Sabin, New York. This "Tract I." was first printed in 
1643, with the following title : 

" New England's First Fruits in respect — 
( Conversion of Some ^ 
First of the -< Conviction of divers >- of the Indians." 
( Preparation of Sundry ) 

The remainder of the title referred to the " Colledge at Cam- 
bridge," etc. 

Later three other tracts appeared, viz. : 

Tract II.* The Day breaking if not the Sun rising of the Gospel with 
the Indians in New England. London, 1647. 

Tract III. The clear sunshine of the Gospel breaking forth upon the 
Indians of New England. Thomas Shepard, London, 1048. 

Tract IV. The glorious progress of the Gospel amongst the Indians 
of New England. Edward Winslow, London, 1649. 

There were eleven tracts in all, the last issued in 1671. 
In 1646 the General Court of Massachusetts passed an Act for 
the Propagation of the Gospel amongst the Indians, and recom- 

* Reprinted in Mass. Hist. Coll., vol. xxiv. 1-23. 



272 Soldiers in King Philip's War, [July, 

mending elders of the churches to take measures for carrying this 
into effect. 

In England, great interest was shown in the work, and Mr. Eliot 
received pecuniary assistance for establishing schools among the 
natives. Oliver Cromwell and other high dignitaries were greatly 
interested, and July 27, 1649, an Ordinance was passed by the 
" Long Parliament," forming " A Corporation for the Promoting 
and Propagating the Gospel of Jesus Christ in New England." 
Nearly £12,000 in money was collected and invested by this cor- 
poration for the purposes set forth ; and Commissioners and a 
Treasurer were appointed in New England to receive and expend 
the income, chiefly in Massachusetts, near Boston, but a portion in 
somewhat distant parts and in New York. Upon the Restoration 
of Charles II. in 1660, this corporation was annulled, but by the 
extreme exertions of Hon. Robert Boyle, the company was re-estab- 
lished with a royal charter, and kept up its work. The work was 
chiefly done by itinerant teachers, preachers and missionaries, and 
was kept up in various stations until the Revolution, after which, by 
the charter, it had to be transferred to the Provinces.* 

On October 28th, 1646, Mr. Eliot, by appointment, met a small 
congregation of Indians at Nonantum, now within the city of New- 
ton, and preached to them in their own tongue. The meeting was 
held in the wigwam of one named Waban, who was converted after- 
Avards and became ruler of the " Praying Village " at Natick. Mr. 
Eliot labored thereafter unceasingly in behalf of the Indians, and 
chiefly through his wisdom, fidelity and devotion, the Christian 
Indian communities attained the size and efficiency with which they 
were found at the beginning of Philip's war, their relations to which 
we started mainly to consider. 

From Major General Gookin's " History of the Christian Indians " 
we learn nearly all that is known of their numbers, progress, condi- 
tions, sufferings and services during Philip's war. In the beginning 
he says : 

The Christian Indians in New England have their dwellings in sundry 
jurisdictions of the English Colonies, and that at a considerable distance from 
each other ; more particularly, 

1st. Upon the Islands of Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard, in which 
two islands there inhabit many hundreds of them that visibly profess the 
Gospel. These Indians have felt very little of this war comparatively ; for 
the English that dwell upon those Islands have held a good correspondence 
with these Indians all the time of the war, as they did before the war 
began, etc. 

* Interesting details concerning this society will be found in the Register, vol. 36, pages 
157-161, 371-6; and vol. 39, pages 299-300. The society, which is still in existence, is now 
called the " New England Society." Two societies incorporated since, and both still in 
existence, have similar names, and are likely to be confounded with it, namely, " The So- 
ciety for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts," incorporated in 1701 ; and " The 
Society for Propagating the Gospel among the Indians and others in North America," in- 
corporated in 1787. See Register, vol. 39, pp. 182-3, and vol. 42, pp. 329-30. 



1890.] Soldiers in King Philijo's War. 273 

Gen. Gookin says these "Island Indians" were accustomed to 
come up into the colonies to work in the summer for the settlers, 
and thus to supply themselves with clothing and other things which 
were very scarce upon the islands. When the war broke out these 
were all sent back to their homes with great loss, "because the 
English were so jealous, and rilled with animosity against all 
Indians without exception." These, therefore, had no part in the 
war. 

2nd. " Another considerable number of Christian Indians live within the 
jurisdiction of New Plymouth, called the Cape Indians." 

lie speaks of the assistance which these rendered the English in 
the war, but says that the English in the Plymouth colony were slow 
to employ them, being suspicious of them, as they were related to 
the Wampanoags, but there was no evidence of bad faith on their 
part in any instance. These, like the Island Indians, were outside 
active participation, except those who served with the English. 

He mentions 3dly the small number of those belonging to the 
Mohegans, and living at New Warwick, Connecticut, who had been 
taught by Rev. James Fitch, pastor of the church at Norwich. 
There were about forty of these Indians who had become Christians 
in profession, through the efforts of Mr. Fitch ; while Uncas their 
chief, and his son Oneko, were bitterly opposed to the teaching and 
preaching among the Mohegins. But all were on friendly terms 
with the colonies, and served very gladly whenever the service 
would lead them against the Narragansets, their ancient implacable 
enemies. In their character as " Christian " Indians, they did not, 
therefore, attain much prominence. 

The chief body of the Christian Indians were 4thly, those within 
the jurisdiction of the Massachusetts Colony, "who were taught and 
instructed in the Christian faith by that indefatigable servant of God 
and minister of Christ, Mr. John Eliot;" who, Gen. Gookin 
declares ( 1 676—7), has labored among all the praying Indians in 
New England more or less for thirty years. Of the Massachusetts 
Christian Indians he speaks in full, these having been under his special 
superintendence, and having been more concerned in the war than any 
or all the rest. 

There were seven villages of these Christian Indians, all to the 
south of the Merrimac River, viz. : 

Wamesit, included in old Chelmsford, but now the city of Lowell. 

Nashobah, within the present town of Littleton. 

Okkokonimesit, or Marlborough. 

Hassannamesit, or Grafton. 

Makunkokoag, now Hopkinton. 

Natick, which has preserved its name to the present. 

Punkapog or Pakomit, which is now partly in Canton, Mass. 

These were the "Old Praying " villages, so-called, in distinction 
vol. xliv. 23* 



274 Soldiers in King Philip's War, [July, 

from some half dozen villages among the Nipmucks called the "New 
Praving Towns," which latter however were just beginning, and soon 
fell off from the English when their tribes joined in the war. 

A few of these only came to Marlborough and joined the Christian 
Indians there, and remained until forced away by their tribes in 
hostility. These "Praying towns" were so located that they might 
have formed a line of defence for the greater part of the Massachu- 
setts towns upon the frontier ; and it was proposed and urged by 
those who knew most about these Christian Indians, that the forts, 
which in most cases they had built for themselves under the direction 
of the English, should now be garrisoned by them, with English 
officers and about one third of the garrison Eno-Hsh soldiers ; and 
that these should be improved in scouting and guarding the frontiers. 
There is little doubt that this course would have saved most of the 
destruction and bloodshed which took place in Massachusetts during 
the war ; but there was a furious popular prejudice against all In- 
dians, and the majority of the population had no confidence in any 
attempt to employ Indians in military movements. 

The Mohegans and Pequods, under Uncas, were in alliance with 
the English, and were bound to them by their hostility to the Nar- 
ragansets, and though not Christian Indians, serve to illustrate the 
wisdom of the plan proposed in Massachusetts by Gen. Gookin. 
For the hostile Indians never dared to invade the Connecticut Colo- 
ny to any notable extent, and burned only one small (and already 
deserted) village, during the whole war. 

In the beginning of the war, in the campaign at Mount Hope, we 
have seen that the Mohegans with a few of the Christian Indians 
from Natick did all the execution which was wrought upon Philip 
in his retreat. 

But to begin properly. John Sassamon, whom Gen. Gookin 
calls the first martyr of the Christian Indians, was a Wampanoag, 
but, Increase Mather says, was bjorn in Dorchester, and his parents 
both lived there and died as Christian Indians. He had come under 
the influence and instruction of Mr. Eliot, who knew him from a 
child, and he was evidently one of the brightest and ablest of the 
Christian Indians. He could read and write well, and had trans- 
lated portions of the Bible into the Indian language. He had been 
employed as a teacher of the Christian Indians at the Xatick village. 
But this method of life seems to have been somewhat monotonous to 
his uneasy spirit, and upon some dissatisfaction he went away, first to 
Alexander, and afterwards joined Philip at Mount Hope, where, 
in 1662, Ik; is found as Philip's secretary and interpreter. But he 
did not remain there long, as w r e find him back among the Naticks, 
probably through the influence of Mr. Eliot; he there made a public 
profession of religion, was baptized and became one of the most 
gifted of the ministers of the Christian Indians. It would seem that 
openly there was no great breach with his countrymen on account of 



1890.] Soldiers in King Philips War. 275 

his returning to the English, ' because we afterwards find him 
mingling freely amongst Philip's people. In 1673 he is at 
Namasket, now Middleborough, as preacher to the people, whose 
chief was "Old Watuspaquin" or " Tuspaquin," whose daughter 
Assowetough (or as as the English called her, " Betty "), Sassamon 
had married. It would seem that the old chief encouraged the 
teaching of the Gospel, as he gave by deed a tract of land to 
Sassamon, upon which to settle. Sassamon, in going about and 
mingling with Philip's people, found that a plan was formed for the 
extermination of the English settlers, and that many tribes were 
being solicited to join in it by Philip's agents. This discovery 
Sassamon revealed to the Governor of Plymouth, at the same time 
assuring him that if Philip should know of his revealing it, he would 
immediately order him to be killed by any of his people who should 
meet him. Tardy notice was taken of this information by the 
authorities at Plymouth, although afterwards it was communicated 
to the authorities of Massachusetts, where much concurrent evidence 
had been received from various sources. But finally it was deemed 
advisable to take action, and the Governor of Plymouth sent 
and had Philip and several of his councillors examined. This 
examination, while it did not prove the charge against Philip, 
left a strong impression of his guilt and showed him that Sassamon 
had betrayed their plot to the English, and he was immediately 
condemned to death as a traitor. The sentence was carried out by 
the method of a cowardly assassination, while the victim was fishing 
through the ice, upon Assawomset Pond. A few of Philip's men 
came upon him there, and after a little apparent friendly conversation, 
attacked and overcame him, and after knocking him on the head 
they put his body into the hole and under the ice, leaving his gun 
and hat upon the ice as though he had fallen in accidentally. His 
body was recovered by his people, and although they found his neck 
broken and bruises about his head, the body was buried and no stir 
was made about the affair. But an Indian called David, a friend 
of Sassamon, imparted his suspicions to some of the English at 
Taunton ; and they to Gov. Winslow, who, recalling what Sassamon 
had said, caused an investigation, upon which it was found, when the 
body had been exhumed, that he had been indeed murdered ; and 
afterwards an Indian named Patuckson appeared, who had from a 
neighboring hill witnessed the murder but had not dared to 
declare it. This witness also identified the murderer as Tobias, one 
of the councillors of Philip, who was tried at Plymouth, March, 
1674-5, and that session bound over to the next and was bailed out 
by Tuspaquin, who gave bonds for a hundred pounds by a mortgage 
on his lands at Namasket. He was brought up again at the June 
session, and with him now were two more accused of the crime as 
accomplices; these were Tobias's son, Wampapaquan, and Mat- 
tashunannamoo. At this trial four Indians were added as advisers 



276 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [July, 

to the twelve English jurymen, and concurred in the verdict of 
murder against the three prisoners. The indictment declares that 
the crime was committed upon January 29, 1674-5. Two of the 
prisoners were executed June 8, 1675, at Plymouth. The son of 
Tobias, for some reason, was reprieved for one month, but having 
made full confession that the two already executed had done the 
deed, himself looking on, was shot within the month. It was this 
conviction and execution of the murderers of Sassamon undoubtedly 
which precipitated the war at least a year before Philip had planned its 
beginning. In the meantime several of the Christian Indians had 
expressed their belief that a plan was on foot for the general destruc- 
tion of the English in the colonies; and among these was Waban, 
a Nipmuck, at whose tent, amongst that people, Mr. Eliot had first 
preached to them in their own tongue. Waban himself having been 
the first of his tribe to be converted, became afterwards the principal 
ruler of the Christian Indians at Natick. In April, 1675, Waban 
came to Gen. Gookin and warned him of Philip's intention shortly 
to attack the English ; and again in May he came and urged the 
same, and said that "just as soon as the trees were leaved out " the 
Indians would fall upon the towns. Very little attention was paid to 
these reports by the Governor and Council at Boston, and within a 
month the despatch came from Plymouth that the war had begun, 
account of which has been given. 

When the forces marched out to Mount Hope first, June 24th, 
1675, Capt. Prentice took with him as guides three Christian 
Indians, viz. : James Quanapohit ; Thomas Quanapohit, alias 
"Rumney marsh," his brother ; and Zachary Abram, all of whom, 
in that campaign, acquitted themselves bravely and well, despite the 
bitter hostility of many of the officers and soldiers, and their threats 
and open insults. If our soldiers had not been blinded by the 
popular clamor against all Indians, they would have seen in their 
experience with these scouts, and in the success of Uncas and his 
Indians a few days later, the utter uselessness of the noisy and 
clumsy infantry tactics of the English, in Indian warfare, whenever 
it was a march of invasion or pursuit. The enemy were always 
apprised of the coming of the troops for miles ahead. The Con- 
necticut officers and soldiers w r ere readier to learn of their Indian 
allies, and were thus saved from many disasters and secured many 
substantial victories. It is related that in one of their marches into 
the enemies' country, one of the English soldiers wore squeaking 
shoes, and the Indian leader insisted upon his changing them for his 
own moccasins, while he carried the shoes slung at his back, and 
himself went barefoot. Another of the soldiers wore a pair of 
leather breeches, which being dry made a rustling noise, which the 
Indian objected to and refused to proceed until the breeches were 
either removed or soaked in water to prevent the rustling. The 
chief element of success in Indian warfare was the secrecy and silence 



1890.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 211 

of their movements. We can appreciate therefore the immense 
advantage the early and general use of the friendly Indians would 
have brought to the forces of the colony. It is probable that nearly 
all the fearful disasters which came to our troops and the many de- 
feats and disappointments which came to their plans, might have 
been prevented but for the stupid prejudice and distrust, which shut 
out and contemptuously ignored the willing services of the Christian 
Indians. The Governor and Council and most of the men in 
authority, and many of the chief officers like Gen. Denison, Major 
Willard, Major Savage, Capts. Prentice and Henchman, favored 
the use of friendly Indians; indeed the Governor, July 2, 1675, 
gave orders to Gen. Gookin to raise a company of the Christian 
Indians, for service at Mount Hope. In pursuance of this, one 
third of the ablebodied men in all the villages were mustered and 
amounted to a company of fifty-two. This company was conducted 
to Mount Hope by Capt. Johnson and a small escort, and there de- 
livered to the commander of the forces. All served twenty-five 
days, when one half their number were dismissed, the rest remaining 
until the close of the campaign, as seen under the chapter devoted 
to Capt. Henchman's operations. All acquitted themselves satisfac- 
torily to their officers. Some of them proved their sincerity in the 
barbarous way of that day ; for it is told that John Hunter, Thomas 
Quanapohit, and Felix, brought home to Gov. Leverett four of the 
scalps of enemies slain by their hands in this campaign ; and Job 
Nesutan, the principal assistant of Mr. Eliot in his translation of the 
Bible, was killed. There can be little doubt that if in the pursuit 
of Philip into the Nipmuck country, the counsel of the Natick In- 
dians had been heeded by Capt. Henchman, Philip and most of his 
company would have been destroyed, the Mohegans having on the 
previous day sorely pressed them and driven them into swamps. 

In the negotiations attempted by Capt. Hutchinson with Quabaug 
Indians, three of the Christian Indians were sent as guides and inter- 
preters, viz. : George Memecho, and the brothers Joseph and 
Sampson, sons of old Robin Petuhanit deceased. These all strongly 
advised against the advance, and warned the English, but were 
in the fight with Capt. Wheeler's men. George was captured 
and afterwards escaped, bringing back an intelligent account of the 
situation of the hostile tribes ; and it is probable that the entire 
force under Capt. Wheeler would have been destroyed but for the 
fidelity and skill of Joseph and Sampson in conducting the retreat 
and avoiding the ambush set by the enemy. But although this was 
known and vouched for by the officers, the popular feeling was so 
bitter that these two were threatened and insulted by the soldiers, so 
that in utter discouragement they fell away to the enemy at Has- 
sanamesit, and Sampson was slain in fight by some friendly Indian 
scouts at Watchuset ; while Joseph having been captured was sold 
into slavery at Jamaica, by some Boston merchants, but afterwards 



278 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [July, 

by Mr. Eliot's importunity brought back again, though never re- 
leased. 

Finally, Aug. 30, 1675, the Governor and Council yielding to 
popular prejudice, against their own better judgment, decreed the dis- 
bandment of all Christian Indian companies in service ; and that they 
be restrained from all usual commerce with the English and confined 
to their five villages ; and no one of them to travel more than one 
mile from the centre of such village except in the company of English 
or on service. The five villages designated were Natick, Punquapog, 
Nashobah, Wamesit, and Hassanamesit. All Christian Indians 
were to repair to these villages. If any shall be found breaking 
these rules, the English are at liberty to shoot them down as enemies 
or arrest them. It was recommended by the Court that several of 
the English should reside in each village, and this was earnestly 
desired by the Indians themselves, for their own protection ; but few 
could be found who were willing to withstand popular prejudice, as 
all who expressed sympathy or confidence towards these Indians 
were at once denounced as fools or traitors. Maj. Gen. Gookin, 
and even the saintly Eliot were loaded with reproaches and threats, 
and insulted in the streets because of their advocacy of the rights of 
the Christian Indians. John Watson, senior, and Henry Prentiss, 
of Cambridge, were with the Naticks for twelve weeks and gave 
certificate of their orderly, discreet and religious conduct. Although 
Watson had gone among them bitterly opposed to them, and 
sharing the common opinion against them, he was entirely 
converted by his experience, and declared it, though incurring 
much popular indignation by that course. Chief among the officers 
who led the hostile fury was Capt. Mosely in Boston, whose acts 
of persecution are set down in the chapters heretofore devoted to 
him, among which the breaking up of the village at Marlborough, 
and the imprisonment of the helpless and harmless Indians, was 
perhaps the most open outrage sustained by any ; and it is to the 
credit of the magistrates that they did not yield to the tremendous 
pressure of the people's rage, which by every device possible kept 
these poor creatures on trial for their lives and imprisoned through 
many weeks. Early in October the fever rose to its height, and 
the Court was importuned with many petitions to remove all the 
Christian Indians to one place and put them under military guard. 
In spite of all proof and testimony, and all the favor of the Court, 
and the best conscience of the community, together with the advocacy 
of Gen. Gookin, Mr. Eliot, Corporal Thomas Swift, inspector at 
Punquapog, John Watson abovementioned, Mr. John Hoar of 
Concord, and others, — the popular frenzy prevailed, and there is no 
doubt that in several cases fires were set and damage was done by 
inhabitants living near the "Praying Villages," who hated these 
Indians and desired their removal ; or often by hostile Indians who 
were skulking about in the neighborhood, and knew they had more 



1890.] Inscriptions from Old Danvers Burial Grounds. 279 

to fear from the scouts of these Christian Indians than from all the 
troops of the English. October 18th, a party of the hostile Indians 
set fire to a haystack of Lieut. Richardson at Chelmsford, and 
managed so that the deed should appear to be done by the Wamcsit 
Praying Indians, that so the English should remove them from their 
village, or so persecute them as to drive them to the enemy. This 
crime was afterward confessed by Nathaniel, a hostile Indian, who 
was taken at Dover by the strategy of Maj. Waldron, and executed 
at Boston. Although Lieut. Richardson declared that the " Praying 
Indians" were his warm friends, and would never injure him their 
best friend in those parts, all availed nothing, the vulgar clamor 
prevailed, and the Court next day passed an order for the troopers 
to bring down the Wamesits, and also the Punkapogs, upon some 
like occasion of complaint. 



INSCRIPTIONS FROM THE BURIAL GROUNDS IN THE OLD 

TOWN OF DANVERS. 

Copied by the late Samuel P. Fowler, of Danvers, Mass. 
[Concluded from page 148.] 

Latin inscription over the grave of Rev. Joseph Green, translated : 

Under this sod, 
Lie in hope of a happy resurrection, 

I The remains of the Reverend deceased Joseph Green A.M. of this church 
for nearly the period of eighteen years, A most vigilant Pastor, — A 
man to be held in perpetual remembrance, Both for seriousness of dis- 
course and agreeableness of manners, Who departed from a laborious 
life in this place on the 6 th day of the calends of December in the year 
of the Lord 1715. He had just completed his fortieth year. 

[In the Wadsworth grave yard, the oldest one in Danvers, we find the 
sunken grave of Mrs. Elizabeth Parris, who was the wife of Rev. Samuel 
Parris, and who died the 14th day of July, 1G9G. The monument 
erected to her memory is a gray slate stone, well preserved, on which is 
the following inscription, with the initials of Samuel Parris at the lower 
corner.] 

Sleep precious Dust, no stranger now to Rest, 

Thou hast thy longed wish, within Abraham's Breast. 

Farewell Best Wife, Choice Mother, Neighbour, Friend, 

We'll wail the less, for hopes of thee in the end. s. p. 

[Here I am disposed to pay a passing tribute to the memory of this 
esteemed woman, whose ancestry I have been unable to discover. What- 
ever may be thought of the conduct of Mr. Parris in the witchcraft 
delusion, the course taken by his wife was admirable; above censure, 
suspicion or reproach. Nothing but the promptings of a loving Christian 
heart could have kept her aloof from participating in these strange trans- 
actions in her household, the sad delusion that followed them, and the 



280 Inscriptions from Old Danvers Burial Grounds. [July, 

troubles that took place in the Parish for several years after the bloody 
tragedy came to au end. How she could avoid being drawn into the ex- 
citement which was so constant with her husband, in her family, church 
and neighborhood, is difficult to conceive. But she did; and her name 
is nowhere to be found in connection with any of the delusive acts which 
occurred in Salem Village, or the trouble which followed them in the 
Parish.] 

In memory of Rev. Samuel Walker who was graduated at Dartmouth 
College A.D. 1802, and ordained over the second church in Danvers 
Aug. 14 th 1805 — An ardent defender and zealous preacher of the faith 
once delivered to the saints — A laborious and faithful Pastor — He ad- 
vanced his profession by his life, was sustained in his last sufferings by 
the faith he had preached, and peacefully fell asleep in the bosom of his 
friends and church, July 7 th 1826 in the 48 th year of his age. As a token 
of respect for his departed worth, this monument is erected by his Bereaved 
flock. 

In memory of Rev. Nathaniel Holt A.M. pastor of the 2d church in Danvers, 
who rested from his labours Aug. 2 d 1792 in the 68 th year of his age and 
34 year of his ministry. Piety, benevolence, integrity and prudence were 
prominent features in his character as a man and as a minister. He lived 
beloved and died lamented. 

" Mark the perfect man and behold the upright, for the end of that 
man is peace." 

In memory of Mr. Joseph Porter who died January 8 th 1830 aged 70. He 
was highly esteemed for the capacious powers he possessed, and the 
amiable character he bore. 

Sacred to the memory of Dea. Joseph Putnam who died March 9 th 1818 in 

the 79 year of his age — 

If real worth demands a tear, 
Stop reader, pay the tribute here. 
The man of God beneath this stone, 
Equal'd by few, excell'd by none. 

Here lyes intered the Body of Mrs. Deborah Clark consort of the Rev. 
Peter Clark of this town, Who departed this life Feb. 28 th 1765 ^E 65. 

Sleep precious dust, while here confined in earth, 
Till the glad Spring of Nature's second birth, 
Then quit the transient Winter of the tomb, 
To rise and flourish in immortal bloom. 

Consecrated to the memory of Benjamin Wadsworth D.D. a tender faithful 
husband and father, a valuable friend and judicious counsellor, an 
exemplary christian and distinguished public servant of the friend of 
Peace, who entered into his rest January 18 th A.D. 1826 in the 76 year 
of his age and 54 of his ministry in this place. 

Tis great to pause and think in what a brighter world than this, his 
spirit shines. 

Inscribed to the memory of distinguished female excellence exemplified in 
the life of Mrs. Mary Wadsworth the amiable consort of the Rev. Benja- 
min Wadsworth of this town. Her heart was a temple of piety, and 
rarely shines so rich a constellation of natural endowments, fine accom- 
plishments, and christian virtues as dignified, embellished, and endeared 
her character. Highly esteemed she lived, and greatly lamented dropped 



1890.] Descendants of Nicholas Browne, 281 

mortality in full hope of Heaven March 16 1798 in the 47 th year of 
her age. 

Sleep sacred dust till the last trump shall sound, 

And wake to life all nations under ground. 

Then burst the bands of death, and mount on high, 

Enrobed in blissful immortality 

To join thy kindred soul in realms of joy. 

In memory of Phebe Lewis who died Jan. 10 th 1823 aged 49 years. — She 
shone a bright example of integrity and fidelity and an ornament to the 
Christian profession. 

[Note. Phebe Lewis was for many years a faithful colored servant in 
the family of the Rev. Dr. Wadsworth.] 



NICHOLAS BEOWNE OF READING AND SOME OF 

HIS DESCENDANTS. 

By Mrs. Harriet H. Robinson, of Maiden, Mass. 

NICHOLAS 2 BROWNE was the son of Edward 1 Browne and Jane 
Lide, daughter of Thomas Lide, " who lived and died in the Parish 
of Inkburrow, Worcestershire, England." He settled in Lynn before 1638, 
where his son John's name appears in the Indian deed of Lynn as "ye wor- 
shipful Mr. John Browne." He sent his son John to England in 3 660 to 
look after his father-in law's property, which he had inherited as " next 
heir to the Lides," and gave him power of attorney to call one William 
Rand to account, " what of shops, houses, lands and monies he hath received 
for rents, profits and sheep-rent, heretofore and of late due, arising, growing 
and properly belonging unto the heirs of the said Lide." — (History of 
Reading.) 

Nicholas Browne was one of the early " planters " of Lynn, and lived at 
the north west of Saddlers' rock (in what is now Saugus). He had 210 acres 
of laud given him by the town, " bounded on the east side of it with the great 
river, on the south side with the land of Boniface Buxton, on the west side 
with the land of Lieut. Thomas Marshall and Jeremiah Swain, and on the 
north of it with the meadows commonly called the wigwams." — (Town 
Records of Reading.) He was made freeman in 1638, and was deputy to 
the General Court in 1641. — (Massachusetts Records.) Lynn and Reading 
then "joined each other even from the sea," and the latter was called Lynn 
Village, but in 1644 the name was changed to Reading, and Mr. Browne 
moved there and had 200 acres of land granted to him. He located, first on 
the " east side of the great pond," and his house stood where Mr. Lucius 
Beebe's now stands. — (History of Wakefield.) He owned other tracts of land 
in Reading and Lynn, including 327 acres " on the north side of Ipswich 
River," which was given to him by the town of Reading. In 1650 he was 
chosen commissioner " to try small causes." He was deputy to the General 
Court in 1655, '56 and '61, and was also one of the selectmen during these 
years. At that date Reading contained about thirty square miles. 

Nicholas Browne married (in England, probably) Elizabeth , and 

they both joined the First Church in Reading, February 6, 1663. He died in 
vol. xliv. 24 



282 Descendants of Nicholas Browne. [July, 

1673. — His will is at East Cambridge. His estate was valued at £1 232.9s. 
Their children were : 

i. John, b. 1634; m. 1st, Ann Fisk; 2d, Elizabeth Bulkley, widow of 
the Kev. Joseph Emerson of Mendon, and ancestress of Ralph 
"Waldo Emerson. John Browne's daughter, Anne, married Peter 
Emerson, son of the Rev. J. and Elizabeth Bulkley Emerson, and 
succeeded to his father-in-law's estates in Reading. He m. 3d, 
Rebecca Sprague. 

ii. Edward, b. 1640; m. Sarah Dix; d. 1685. 

iii. Joseph, b. 1647; m. Elizabeth Bancroft. Parents of Captain 
Benjamin Browne of Revolutionary fame. 

iv. Sarah, b. 1650. 
2. v. Cornelius, 3 m. 1665, Sarah Lamson of Ipswich. She d. 1683. He 
d. 1701. 

vi. Josiah, m. Mary Fellows ; d. 1691. 

vii. Elizabeth, m. H. Parker. 

2. Cornelius 3 Browne {Nicholas, 2 Edward 1 ) was one of the fifty-nine 
householders in Reading in 1669, and July 18, 1690, sold his farm 
to his son Samuel, " out of fatherly love and good affection," and in 
consideration that the said Samuel pay his father the "just sum of 
£3 a year during his natural life," and " reserving room for me in 
my now dwelling-house while I am a widower." This is a new 
feature in old wills, since it was usually the woman who was left a 
place in the old house while she remained a widow. 

In the division of the " Great Swamp" in Reading in 1666, he 
received by lot, land valued at 12s. 8d. In 1686 he paid his assess- 
ment to the Indians for the purchase of land comprising the town of 
Reading; subscribed towards the new meeting-house in 1688, and 
was " owned by the Church," December 13, 1670. He died insolvent 
in 1701, and in the division of the estate his youngest child, William 
(my great-grandfather), was given some part of his father's "com- 
mon rights in Reading," also " half of his father's pine swamp in 
Reading" and "his father's meadow" in the same town. The 
children of Cornelius and Sarah Lamson Browne: 

i. Nicholas, b. and d. 1660. 

ii. Cornelius, b. 1667 ; m. Sarah Southwick, 1684. 

iii. Sarah, b. 1668. 

iv. John, b. 1671 ; d. 1714. 

v. Hannah, b. and d. 1673. 

vi. Abigail, b. and d. 1674. 

vii. Samuel, b. 1675. 

viii. Susannah, b. 1677. 

ix. Mary, b. 1679. 

x. Hannah, b. 1680 ; m. Abraham Wood of Concord. 

3. xi. William, 4 b. Feb. 14, 1682 ; d. in Natick, May 2, 1768. 

3. William 4 Browne (Cornelius, 3 Nicholas, 2 Edward 1 ) and Deborah, 
widow of Thomas Squire, " both of Cambridge," were married by 
the Rev. Thomas Brattle, November 11, 1703 (Cambridge Church 
Records), and the deed of the first real estate bought by him "for 
a valuable sum of money" bears date of March 27, 1704 (Deed 
at East Cambridge). This land was in Watertown, and very soon 
after he sold a part of it to Harvard College. The deed bears date 
of September 20, 1705, and states that William Browne of Cam- 
bridge, carpenter, sold to Thomas Brattle, Esq., of Boston, treasurer 
of the society known as " the President and Fellows of Harvard 



1890.] Descendants of Nicholas Browne. 283 

College in Cambridge," a certain parcel of land containing 60 acres 
upland and swamp in the westerly end of Watertown in the county 
of Middlesex, bounded "on the north side by the country road" and 
"southerly by Benjamin Allen's." He was a large owner of real 
estate in Cambridge and in Reading, all of which he seems to have 
sold before his removal to Natick. The last deed of sale bears date 
of April 6, 1767, and states, that William Browne of Cambridge, 
gent., sold to Ebenr Smith one and one fourth acres of land in Cam- 
bridge, " together with the dwelling house and barn and out-houses 
thereon, also my pew in the meeting-house on the south side of 
Charles river, with my right in burying place, to have and to hold." 

In the History of Reading his name is enrolled with the list on 
file at East Cambridge of men who went with the expedition 
" against the French and Indians at Nova Scotia and Canada."* He 
was a carpenter and builder, and in the inventory of his estate a 
long list of carpenters' tools is given. His will mentions all of his 
fifteen children by name, and from the long interval between the 
dates of their births, one might suppose, as Mr. Paige says in his His- 
tory of Cambridge, that they composed "two families, but the father 
* * * in his will describes the second class as his five younger 
sons and three younger daughters." He was admitted to u full 
communion" in the First Church in Little Cambridge (now 
Brighton), April 18, 1714. 

The children of William Browne and wife Deborah: 

i. William, b. Nov. 24, 1704. 

ii. Josiaii, b. Oct. 22, 1706; m. 1737, Mary Sever of Brookline ; d. 1701. 
They had seven children. The daughters married Learned, Bowles, 
Dana and Ilovey. The last was mother of seventeen children. 

iii. Jonathan, b. July 8, 1708; m. Hannah Gore of Roxbury ; d. 1751. 

iv. Deborah, b. Oct. 6, 1712; m. 1733, James Green. 

v. Mary, b. Jan, 16, 1715-16; m. John Bowles of Roxbury. [line. 

vi. John, b. Jan. 10, 1717-18; m. Dec. 7, 1739, Esther Hovey of Brook- 
William Browne was married to his second wife, Mary Bailey, 
October 13, 1744. Their children were: 

vii. Thaddeus, bap. Sept. 28, 1746; lived at " Cape Cod." 

viii. Susannah, bap. April 24, 1748. 

4. ix. Setii Ingersoll, 6 bap. July 8, 1750: d. March 9, 1809. 

x. Mary. 

xi. Jonathan, bap. Sept. 15, 1754; m. Elizabeth Capen. 

xii. Abijaii, d. in Cross St., Boston, 

xiii. Susannah. 

xiv. Lucy. 

xv. Josiah, b. Feb. 26, 1768. 

Mr. Browne's widow married, May 3, 1769, Peter Bray, mariner, 
and sold her half of her husband's estate to Elijah Bacon of Natick, 
with two parcels of land belonging thereto, and a part of the 
dwelling-house, "dividing by a line through the largest stack of 
chimneys, with half the cellar, barn yard, &c," and a little later the 
General Court empowered " Mary Bray and the guardians of the 
children of William Browne to sell the whole of the estate, including 
the above mentioned premises released." 

Mary Bray seems to have taken her dower and left William 

* My mother, Harriet Browne Hanson, remembered wearing Indian moccasins that 
" Grandfather brought home from Canada." 



284 Descendants of Nicholas Brovme. [July, 

Browne's children to take care of themselves, after choosing guar- 
dians for the four youngest children (Abijah, Susannah, Lucy and 
Josiah); but Seth Ingersoll, and Mary chose for themselves, as the 
following will show:* 

''Cambridge June the 12 1770 

Mr. Samuel Danford Esquer 

Sir, if it is agreeable to youre honer we have chose Mr. Ephraim Jackson 
for owre gardean Seth Ingersoll Browne, 

Mary Browne." 

4. Seth Ingersoll 6 Browne ( William, 4 Cornelius, 9 Nicholas, 2 Edward}) 
was a house carpenter by trade, and in 1773 had a shop at the end 
of Warren bridge in Charlestown, under which was stored some of 
the ammunition afterwards used at the battle of Bunker Hill. He 
was one of the " Mohawks " who helped throw the tea into Boston 
Harbor. He was a "minute man" and a non-commissioned officer, 
fought and was wounded at the battle of Bunker Hill. He was one 
of the company of picked men to transport on horseback through 
the couutry from Newport, R. I., to White Plains, N. Y., the money 
sent over by Lafayette to Gen. Washington. After the war was 
over, his impaired eyesight not permitting him to work at his trade, 
Mr. Browne kept the Punch Bowl Tavern in Roxbury and after- 
ward the Sun Tavern in Wing's Lane, Boston. He died in Bow 
Street, Charlestown, and lies buried in the Granary burying-ground.f 
Three of his daughters lived to be over eighty years of age, and they 
kept the memory of these events in their father's life, as he had often 
told them. They also remembered and described a " Browne Coat 
of Arms," which disappeared during their remembrance. 

Seth Ingersoll Browne was married to his first wife, Lucy Brown, 
July 7, 1777,$ by the Rev. Nathan Appleton. Their children were : 

i. William, m. and d. in Charleston, S. C. 

ii. Daniel, m. Sarah Piper; d. in Havana, 1809. 

iii. Seth, a mariner. Signed a quit-claim of his father's estate, Sept. 

13, 1805. 
iv. Elizabeth, d. young. 

Mr. Browne's second wife was Sarah Godding, born March 19, 
1763; married by the Rev. T. Hilliard, 1786; died, 1801, aged 
38. She left eleven children, and was buried from "near the 
bridge " in Charlestown, in the Phipps Street burying-ground. She 
had two brothers, William and Henry ; the former a Baptist minister 
in Jay, Maine (see Maine Baptists— Millett). Her mother was 
Sarah Carter-Godding, whose second husband was Benjamin Piper, 
married July 17, 1791. Her name is spelled Goddard in Charlestown 
Genealogies and Estates. The names of the children of Seth I. and 
Sarah Browne were : 

v. Lucy, d. young in Cambridge. 

vi. Sally, b. in Newton, November, 1789 ; m. 1st, Varney ; 2d, Crisp ; d. 

in Boston, June 1, 1836. 
vii. Abijah, d. young in Boston. 

* The tradition in the family has always been, that Mrs. Mary Bray went with her hus- 
band to England, taking with her all that she could of her first husband's property, silver, 
heirlooms, deeds of land, etc. _ 

t See Drake's Tea Leaves. See also the Peter 'Slater monument in Hope Cemetery, 
Worcester, Mass., on which sixty-two names of the members of the " Boston Tea Party 
are inscribed. 

+ In Cambridge Church Records he is called Seth Ingerson. 



1890.] Descendants of Nicholas Browne. 285 

viii. Cynthia, b. in Cambridge, Aug. 30, 1701; m. Ebcn O. Hawes; d. 

Oct. 18, 1872. 
ix. Benjamin Pjper, b. in Roxbury, February, 1703; m. 1st Lucy 

Taylor; 2d, Hannah Martin; 3d, Augusta Ladd; d. in Lowell, 

March 5, 1843. 
x. Charles, b. in Roxbury, May, 1794: d. April 28, 1654. 
5. xi. Hakkikt, 6 b. March 19, 1795; m. William Hanson, July 2, 1822; d. 

Jan. 22, 1881. 
xii. Isaac Cooper, b. Nov. 4, 1797; ra 1st, Patience Palmer; 2d, Ann 

Cook; (I. 184-. 
xiii. AngeLINE Cooper, b. Nov. 29, 1798; m. 1st, Dec. 5, 1822, Warren 

Cinhvorth. They were the parents of the late Rev. Warren H. 

Cudworth and Angeline M. Cinhvorth of East Boston. She m. 2d, 

Jesse Clark, and d. in East Boston, March 8, 1882. 
xiv. William, b. Sept. 180-: m. Eliza Kingsbury ; d. September, 1831. 
xv. ,1am:, b. April 2, 1802; m. Lowell Adams; d. Oct. 22, 1870. 

5. Harriet 6 Browne (Seth L, b William? Cornelius? Nicholas, 2 Edward 1 ) 
was born in the old Punch Bowl Tavern in Roxbury. She was 
married to William Hanson of Milton, N. PI., by the Rev. Paul 
Dean of Boston, and died in Maiden, Mass. He died in Boston, 
July 17, 1831. 

The children of William and Harriet Browne Hanson : 

i. Jonx Wesley, b. May 12, 1823 j m. 1st, May 30, 1846, Eliza 11. ITol- 
brook; 2d, Aug. 1, 1889, Elizabeth Judd. [He is the author of the 
History of Danvers and several theological books: resides at 
Chicago, 111. He received the degree of D.D. from Buchtel Col- 
lege in 1870.] 

ii. Harriet Jane, 7 b. Feb. 8, 1825; m. Nov. 30, 1848, William S, 
Robinson (Warrington).* 

iii. Benjamin Piper Browne, b. April 3, 1826; m. 1855, Angelia Gould. 

iv. William, d. young. [1836. 

v. William, b. 1829 ; drowned in Merrimack River in Lowell, Nov. 8, 



ArPENDix on the Robinson Family. 

In the Genealogy of William S. Robinson ("Warrington"), in the 
Register, vol. 39, page 313, it is stated that Dr. Jeremiah Robinson of 
Littleton (Mass.) is the first known ancestor of the name; but since writing 
the above, certain records have come to my notice which prove him to have 
been a grandson of Jonathan Robinson of Exeter (now N. II.). 

1. Jonathan 1 Robinson of Exeter died Sept. 10, 1675, and the inven- 
tory of his estate can be found in the Norfolk Co. Records at Salem (B. 3, 
P. 2). Elizabeth his widow and David his son "were appointed adminis- 
trators of y e estate" at the Court held at Hampton Falls, 1676, the estate 
to remain in their hands during the lifetime of the "widow and then be 
divided among the children according to law." 

2. John 2 Robinson (son of Jonathan 1 ) was born in Exeter, Sept. 7, 
1671. His will was proved July 7, 1749 (Town Records of Exeter), and 
states that he had a wife Mehitable and children as follows : 

i. Sarah, m. Palmer. 

ii. Lydia, m. Morrison. 

iii. John, m. Feb. 1, 1725, Elizabeth Folsom (9 children). 

iv. Jonathan. 

* For the children of William S. and Harriet H. Robinson, see Register, vol. xxxix. 
page 313. 

vol. xliv. 24* 



286 Positions held by Alumni. [July, 

3. v. Jeremiah, 3 m. 1st, Lydia ; 2d, Oct. 14, 1746, Eunice Amsden; d. 

Oct. 19, 1771. 
vi. Daniel (executor of father's will). 
vii. Mary, m. Follansbee. 

3. Jeremiah 3 Robinson had a son Zabulon, who wrote a letter (now 
in my possession) dated Feb. 16, 1787, to his brother Jeremiah, in which 
he mentions " uncle Jonathan of Pembroke " (N. H.), and " uncle Daniel of 
Exeter;" also "Aunt Williams" of Hampton Falls. 

June 12, 1748, a deed of land was passed between John Robinson of 
Exeter and Dr. Jeremiah Robinson of Haverhill, Mass. The deed was 
not recorded until 1762, when the latter lived in Haverhill. 



A 



POSITIONS HELD BY ALUMNI. 

By Richard H. Greene, A.M., N. York city. 

COMPARISON of the earliest seven American colleges, that only 
includes those who have been graduated and admitted to degrees, 
cannot be made; for the reason that William and Mary College has never 
separated those who were students at the College for a time, and claim to 
have been educated there, from its graduates: therefore we shall confine 
our comparative table to the other six. 

Some corrections need to be made of the papers heretofore issued, by 
adding names accidentally omitted, dropping those which should not have 
been inserted, and arranging each class so that only the same or similar 
offices shall appear therein. In the Harvard article, for instance, under the 
heading United States Judges are included Judges of the U. S. Supreme 
Court, which in the other articles are by themselves; also U. S. Circuit and 
District Judges which are classified together in the others, as well as Judges 
of the U. S. Court of Claims. Lieutenant Governors, which are not 
enumerated or named in the other articles, are named and numbered as 
Governors in the Harvard paper. Judges of Supreme or Highest Courts 
of States, etc., may also include other than Supreme, Superior and Court 
of Appeals, which were all that were intended to be included under this 
heading in the others. 

It should be remembered, that often the most distinguished men at the 
bar have never been elected or appointed to the bench. The same is true of 
every office, without exception. 

The following additions to Harvard College officers should be made, to 
wit: Isaac E. Morse, 1829, Member of Congress; John Q. A. Brackett, 
1865, Governor of Massachusetts; Timothy Cutler, 1701, Rector, Yale; 
Horace Davis, 1849, President, University of California; William T. Reid, 
1868, President, University of California; William D. Hyde, 1879, Presi- 
dent, Bowdoin College. Chief Justice Richardson authorizes me to add 
the omitted names to the lists for that University. William H. Appleton, 
1864, declined appointment as president Swarthmore College. 

Yale. 

The number of Yale men appointed to Cabinet positions has been in- 
creased since the publication by the selection of John W. Noble, class of 
1851, Secretary of the Interior. Roger Grisvvold, 1780, was Secretary of 



1890.] Positions held by Alumni. 287 

War, Feb. 3 to March 5, 1801. The term was so short the fact was over- 
looked. 

National offices should include Ashbel Smith, 1824, Secretary of State 
Republic of Texas; A. Frank Judd, 18G2, Attorney General Sandwich 
Islands; Ashbel Smith, 1824, Minister from Texas to Great Britain and 
France. 

Associate Justices U. S. Supreme Court : 

1845, William B. Woods; 1856, David J. Brewer. 

George E. Badger, 1813, was appointed but not confirmed, so his name 
cannot be counted. The same is true of Ray Greene, 1784, appointed 
but not confirmed, as U. S. District Judge. William Livingston, 1741, 
declined appointment as minister to Holland; William Russell, 1709, 
elected President of Yale and declined; C. A. Goodrich, 1810, declined the 
Presidency of Williams; Gardiner Spring, 1805, declined the Presidency 
of Dartmouth and Harvard. 

United States Senators have been increased by the election of Anthony 
Higgins, 1861, from Delaware. 

United States Ministers should include Gideon H. Hollister, 1840, but 
not the name of Ashbel Smith, for reasons stated above. 

U. S. Judiciary, additions for Yale : 

1778 Oliver Wolcott, Circuit : Vermont, Connecticut and New York. 

1856 D. J. Brewer, Circuit: Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, 

Colorada and Iowa. 
1785 Return J. Meigs, District: Michigan. 

1844 H. II. Haight, District: California. 

1757 Titus Hosmer, Judge, Maritime and Admiralty cases. 
1815 Truman Smith, Judge U. S. Court of Claims. 

W. II. Bidwell, 1827, is not included in the enumeration among U. S. 
Ministers. He was U. S. Commissioner to Turkey, Greece, Syria and 
Egypt. The following also may be mentioned, tha: it may appear they 
were not overlooked, but they cannot be counted among members of the 
National Congress. 

1730 Oliver Partridge, Delegate to Stamp Act Congress. 

17G1 Jedediah Strong, 

1762 John Paterson, " " Provincial " 

1771 John Brown, 

The names of the following graduates it is claimed should be added, 

among Members of Congress : 

1767 John Treadwell. 
1793 D. S. Boardman. 

As there is doubt I will not count them. 

State Court Judges : 

1767 John Treadwell, Superior Ct. of Errors, Connecticut. 

1787 Abraham Nott, Chf. Sup., S. C. 

1791 Samuel M. Hopkins, Sup., New York. 

1792 William Marchant, Sup., Rhode Island. 

1793 David S. Boardman, Chf. Sup., Connecticut. 
1808 Garrick Mallery, Sup. , Pennsylvania. 

1813 George E. Badger, Sup., N. C. 

1813 A. B. Longstreet, Sup., Ga. 

1820 Mason Brown, Sup., Kentucky. 

1829 Henry Sherman, Chf., New Mexico. 

1845 William B. Woods, Chancellor, Alabama. 
1845 Wm. Smith, Chf. Sup., Canada. 



288 Positions held by Alumni. [July, 

1853 E. W. Seymour, Sup., Connecticut. 

18G2 A. Frank Judd, Chf. Sup., Sandwich Islands. 

1873 S. 0. Prentice, Sup., Connecticut. 

Presidents of Colleges : 

1828 Trvon Edwards, Wilson. 

1828 Henry N. Day, Ohio Fern. 

1839 Henry It. Jackson, University, Georgia. 

1851 Kufus C. Crampton, Illinois. 

1871 Albanus A. Moulton, Bio Grande. 

1875 William R. Harper, South Dakota. 

18G1 James \\ r . McLane, president of College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
which is a department of Columbia. 

We have no place for defeated candidates for the office of President and 
Vice President of the United States to be counted, but may mention as 
matters of history and interest: 

17GG Jared Ingersoll, candidate for Vice President on ticket with De "Witt 

Clinton (Class of 1786, Columbia College) for President. 
1811 Francis Granger, Vice President, on ticket with Win. H. Harrison. 
1847 B. Gratz Brown, received votes for each office in 1872. 
1837 Samuel J. Tilden, candidate for President, 1876. 

College of William and Mary. 

We may correct the record, although we shall not be able to compare 
the totals of this College with its contemporaries. 

1803. Henry A. Dearborn was not Secretary of War. He was a son of 
Henry Dearborn who held that office. 

Henry Tazewell was Judge of the Supreme Court of Appeals, Virginia, 
also U. S. Senator and President pro-tempore of the Senate. 

John L, Taylor, Chief Justice of North Carolina 1808-1829, was two 
years at the College. 

1772 St. George Tucker was U. S. Judge, District of Virginia. 

1792 James Webb, was U. S. Judge, District of Florida. 

1793 Robert Barrand Taylor, Judge, General Court of Virginia. 
Nathaniel Beverly Tucker, Judge of Circuit, Missouri. 

1799 H. St. George Tucker, Member of U. S. Congress. 
1853 George 1). Wise, 

1799 H. St. George Tucker was tendered the Attorney Generalship of the United 
States by President Jackson, but declined. 

The Chief Justice of the United States, whose name appears on the cata- 
logue of this College, was probably at the College for a very brief time ; 
history tells us what his engagements were at that time. These collections 
have been published not as being complete, but in order to assist the work 
of compiling the names of the graduates of this ancient University. 

College of New Jersey. 

It might be added to what was said concerning Princeton graduates and 
the candidacy of Aaron Burr, that James A. Bayard, 1784, a federalist, 
voted for him on each of thirty-six ballots, as the less of two evils, then he 
voted a blank, because unwilling to vote for Jefferson, and so was instru- 
mental in electing the latter. 

James A. Pearce, 1822, was not confirmed as Secretary of the Interior, 
and his name should be omitted. 

John Sergeant, 1795, declined a Cabinet position in 1841. 

John Taylor, 1790, should be added as Governor of South Carolina. 

Edward T. Green, 1854, U. S. Judge, District of New Jersey. 

A. A. E. Taylor, 1854, President of Wooster University. 



I860.] Positions held by Alumni. 289 

Columbia College. 

1841 James IT. Mason Knox, President Lafayette College, Pennsylvania. 

1871 Seth Low, President Columbia College, New York. 

1860 Edgar M. Cullen, Judge Supreme Court, New York. 

18G9 Willard Bartlett, " " " " 



The table will differ from the numbers heretofore given, not only in the 
additions and subtractions just shown, but also in counting terms instead of 
individuals when giving numbers of Presidents and Vice Presidents of the 
United States, also offices rather than individuals in Cabinet positions, i. e. 
Timothy Pickering, Harvard, 1763, I count three times. lie was Post 
Master General, 1791; Secretary of War, January, 1795; Secretary of 
State, December, 1795; which makes seventeen appointments for that 
College instead of fifteen. 

Inasmuch as Judges of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Bermuda and Sand- 
wich Islands are enumerated under Judges Highest Courts in the Harvard 
paper, the same arrangement will be followed in the table, and National 
officers will not be entered otherwise. 

Presidents U S. 

Vice Presidents U. S. 

U. S. Cabinet Officers, 

U. S. Ministers, &c. 

U. S. Senators, 

Del. and Mem. U. S. Congress, 

Chief Justice U. S. 

U. S. Supreme Assoc. Judges, 

U. S. Circuit Judges, 

U. S. District Judges, 

Other U. S. Judges, 

Judges Highest State Courts, 

Governors, 

College Presidents, 

These six Universities represent as many colonies, all at the North, one 
half in New England and the remainder in the section since designated the 
Middle States. 

Virginia, the most populous colony, was second to support a college and 
had a second Hampden Sidney before the Revolution ; these were the only 
colleges at that time in the southern colonies. Before the foundation of 
the second in Virginia, New Jersey had established its second college at 
New Brunswick ; and New Hampshire, the only one of the seven northern 
colonies unrepresented above, had a college in 1770. 

At the first census after the establishment of the government, Virginia 
had a population of 746,610; the three Middle States, Pennsylvania, New 
York and New Jersey, 958,632 ; and the states of Massachusetts, Connecticut 
and Rhode Island, 685,558. There had been some changes, but probably the 
relative strength had changed but little. 

If we compare the offices held by the two sections, we find sixty-seven 
times in the century have U. S. Cabinet appointments been received by the 
alumni of these six Universities, thirty-eight by New England, twenty-nine 
by Middle State graduates. Seventy-nine diplomatic appointments have 
been divided, forty-eight to New England, thirty-one to Middle States. 

Seven hundred and seventy-one of their graduates have been chosen to 
the U. S. Senate and House of Representatives ; four hundred and ninety- 
six to the Eastern, two hundred and seventy-five to the Middle. 



Harvard. 


Yale. 


N.J. 


Pa. 


Columb. 


Brow 


2 




2 








3 


2 


2 




2 




17 


19 


21 


4 


4 


2 


22 


22 


13 


2 


16 


4 


31 


51 


54 


7 


4 


19 


161 


189 


153 


18 


39 


45 




1 


1 




1 




4 


4 


5 




1 




5 


3 






3 




16 


20 


17 


6 


4 


3 


5 


2 


2 








114 


176 


97 


8 


21 


34 


31 


40 


32 


6 


6 


16 


51 


98 


47 


11 


11 


36 



290 Allertons of New England and Virginia. [July> 

Five hundred and fifty-three Judges of National and higher Courts have 
been graduated, three hundred and eighty-seven at the East, one hundred 
and sixty-six in Middle States. Of two hundred and fifty-two College 
presidents, one hundred and eighty-three have come from Yale, Harvard 
and Rhode Island, sixty-nine from Pennsylvania, Columbia and New Jersey. 
The former number eighty-seven Governors to sixty-nine of the latter. 

We shall be glad to learn that the history of William and Mary has been 
compiled, so that some future comparison may be made to take in that 
important section. Every day the work is postponed it becomes more 
difficult ; even now it cannot be thoroughly done unless the assistance and 
cooperation of many literary men is reinforced by the information of all the 
friends of the Institution. 

Erratum. — Vol. 43, page 377, for John R. Bullock read Jonathan Russell 
Bullock. 



ALLERTONS OF NEW ENGLAND AND VIRGINIA. 

By Isaac J. Greenwood, A.M., of New York city. 

ISAAC 1 ALLERTON, a young tailor from London, was married at the 
Stadhuis, Leyden, 4 November, 1611, to Mary Norris (Savage says 
"Collins"), maid from Newbury, co. Berks. At the same time and place 
was married his sister Sarah, widow of John Vincent, of London, to Degory 
Priest, hatter, from the latter place.* Priest, freeman of Leyden 16 
November, 1615, came out on the Mayflower in 1620, and died, soon after 
landing, 1 January, 1620-1 ; his widow, who had remained behind, married 
3d, at Leyden, 13 November, 1621, Goddard Godbert (or Cuthbert Cuth- 
bertson), a Dutchman, who came with his wife to Plymouth in the Ann, 
1623, and both died in 1633. 

Allerton a freeman of Leyden 7 February 1614; save his brother-in-law 
Priest, and the subsequent Governor of the Colony, Wm. Bradford, none 
others of the company appear to have attained this honor. He was one of 
the Mayflower pilgrims in 1620, and was accompanied by his wife Mary, 
and his children Bartholomew, Remember and Mary. John Allerton, a 
sailor, who designed settling in the new colony, died before the vessel sailed 
on her return voyage, and Mrs. Mary Allerton died 25 February, 1621. 

About 1626 Isaac Allerton married his 2d wife, Fear Brewster, who died 
at Plymouth, 12 December, 1634. How soon after this he was again mar- 
ried is not apparent, but in 1644 a third wife, Johanna, is mentioned. The 
earlier incidents of Allerton's New England life, until his leaving the Bay 
Colony, are well known. He then appears to have settled in New Haven, 
where he commenced trading with the Dutch, and on 20 Jan. 1642, sold 
his yacht " Hope" to Govert Loockermans of New Amsterdam. The fol- 
fowing year he and Loockermans had a grant in the latter town of two lots 
on the Great Highway, some 8 rods wide by 18 rods deep, running back 

* The records of St. Dionis, Backchurch, London, give the marriage of Edward 
Allerton, of that parish, to Rose Davis of St. Peter's, Cornhill, 14 Feb. 1579-80; the wife 
survived her husband six years and died in June, 1596; possibly they were the parents of 
Isaac and Sarah. 



1890.] Allertons of New England and Virginia. 291 

to the Marsh. These lots are later mentioned in a grant of 1644 to Hen- 
drick Jansen Smith; in one of 1645 to Edward Marrel ; and in a transfer 
of March 15, 1652, from Barent Meyndertsen and Weasel Evertsen to 
Ccenradt Ten Eyck. The " Duke's Plan" of New York, 1661, represents 
Alderton's Buildings, on the P^ast River, outside of the city limits, just 
south of the "Passage Place" to L. I., and the same occurs on the 
"Nicoll's Map," 1664-68. Allerton evidently resided some time in New 
Amsterdam, for when an uprising of the Indians in the neighborhood was 
feared, and, at the request of Director Kieft, the Commonalty elected, 13 
Sept. 1 643, eight Selectmen for counsel and advice on public affairs, Aller- 
ton was one of the number. Letters of complaint were then sent abroad 
depicting the defenceless condition of the colony, and prominent among 
those who obtained signatures to these documents was Isaac Allerton. 
Denounced as a batch of libels and lies, the ex-Director Kieft implored his 
successor Stuyvesant, 18 June, 1 647,* that the Fiscal might prosecute the 
offenders. About this time Allerton removed back to New Haven, though 
still maintaining a trading-house on Manhattan Island. Certainly in a 
deed of Oct. 27, 1646, he calls himself a merchant of New Amsterdam, 
while in a bond to him of Nov. 29, 1651, from Jonathan Brewster, he is 
styled "Isack Allerton, Senior, of Newhaven, Merchant." 

At an earlier date than Brewster's bond, viz., July 9, 1651, we find 
" Isaac Allerton of Suffolk, merchant," a witness, at Fort Nassau on the 
east bank of the South (or Delaware) River, to a free gift of land from 
certain Sachems to the Director General Stuyvesant. 

June 27, 1650, a town ordinance of New Amsterdam forbade the run- 
ning at large of cattle, &c, between the Fortress, which hud just been 
repaired, "and the Hon. Company's farm, to the end of their High Mighti- 
nesses' pasture-ground, at present occupied by Thomas Hill, nor betweeu 
the house of Mr. Isaac Allerton, in the penalty of," &c. 

A letter of John Davenport of New Haven, dated 27 Sept. 1654, men- 
tions Mr. Allerton as being then on a voyage to Virginia. 

The Records of New Haven show that his. Inventory was brought into 
Court, 5 April, 1659, the son Isaac being away at the time. The latter 
produced his father's will 5 July following, and was appointed to settle the 
estate ; but the next day relinquished this trust to certain others, although 
the Court endeavored to persuade him to the contrary, as being " the de- 
ceased's eldest or onely sonne." In fact, the son Isaac is the only child 
referred to in the will, which mentions debts in Barbadoes, Delaware Bay 
and Virginia. Isaac Allerton, Jr., purchased his father's house from the 
creditors, and, by deed of 4 October, 1660, conveyed it to his stepmother 
for life, with remainder to his daughter Elizabeth. Mrs. Johanna Allerton 
died in 1682, the deed was confirmed on 10 March, 1682-3, the property 
passing to Mrs. Elizabeth Eyre, after whose death in 1740 it was pulled 
down. His children were: 

i. Bartholomew, 2 b. in Holland about 1612 ; came with father to Ply- 
mouth, where he still was in 1627, but returned soon after to 
England, where, according to Bradford, he m. and continued to 
live. 

ii. Remember, living in Plymouth, 1627 ; not heard of after. 

iii. Mary, b. in 1616; m. Elder Thomas Cushman of Plymouth, who d. 
10 Dec. 1691, aged 83; she died in 1699, the last survivor of the 
Mayflower pilgrims. 

* If any Isaac Allerton joined the Church at Salem in 1647, as Savage says, I am inclined 
to think it was his son, though the latter was then a student at college. 



292 Allertons of New England and Virginia, [July, 

iv. Sarah, said to have come out with her aunt, Mrs. Cuthbertson, 
from Holland, in 1623 ; m. about 1638, Moses Maverick, of Marble- 
head and Salem, and died about 1656, leaving children. 
2. v. Isaac (by 2d wife). 

2. Isaac 2 Allerton, b. in Plymouth, 1630; Harv. Coll. 1650; settled in 
Virginia. His plantation in Westm. Co. is laid down on Herrman's 
Map of Virginia and Maryland, engraved by Faithorne, 1670, in 
March of which year, he, with his neighbors John Lee, Henry 
Corbin* and Thomas Gerrard, surgeon, entered into a compact for 
building a banquetting-house at or near their respective lands. Ger- 
rard, professedly a Roman Catholic, lived many years in Maryland, 
was of the Council, and then removed to a plantation on Masthotick 
(or Machotick) Creek, the southern boundary of Westm. Co., Va. ; 
by his will of 5 February, 1672, he appoints Major Isaac Allerton, 
John Lee and John Cooper to settle his estate. Called a Papist, 
Allerton is said to have been appointed by James II. to supply the 
place of Col. Philip Ludwell, about 1687, as Collector of Customs 
for York River, and, at a Council, held at James City, 18 October, 
1688, he and others were present with the Governor, Lord Howard 
of Effingham. As early as 1652 he had a wife Elizabeth, and 
Hutchinson, in Hist, of Mass., ii. 461 (pub. 1767), speaks as though 
there were male offspring in Maryland at that time, but whether 
he married a second time does not appear ; if not, he certainly 
formed so close a friendship with Mr. Thomas Willoughby, of Eliza- 
beth City, as to name a son for him, viz.: Willoughby Allerton. 
Mr. Willoughby, born in Virginia on Christmas, 1632, and edu- 
cated in Merchant Taylors' School, London, styles himself, in deeds 
of 1 688-9, Thomas Willoughby of Elizabeth River, in county of 
Lower Norfolk, Virginia, gentleman, sole son and heir of the Hon. 
Lt. Col. Thomas Willoughby of same parish and county. He mar- 
ried Margaret Herbert, had one son Thomas,f a daughter who 
married the Rev. Moses Robertson of St. Stephen's parish, co. 
Westm., and a daughter Sarah, who dying single in 1740, mentions 
in her will of January 19, 1738, her brother, Thomas Willoughby, 
and her cousins (nephews) Thomas, Samuel, William and Allerton 
Willoughby, also her cousin John Willoughby Robertson. 

Neill, in his u Virginia Carolorum," states that in an expedition 
against the Indians (the Marylanders being under Major Thomas 
Trueman and the Virginians under Col. John Washington), Col. 
George Mason and Major Isaac Allerton united their forces about 
Sept. 27, 1675. Finding no enemy, they laid siege for six weeks 
to a neighboring fort of friendly Susquehannas, who, finally stealing 
away by night, soon bitterly retaliated upon the whites. In 1679 
it was enacted that a garrison or store-house should be erected at 
the heads of the four principal rivers, and Maj. Isaac Allerton with 
Col. St. Leger Codd and Col. George Mason were appointed to 
superintend building a house, 60X22, and a magazine 10 feet 
square, at Neapsico, near Occaquan, on the Potomac River. 

The will of the Hon. Isaac Allerton, of Westm. Co., Va., dated 
25 October, 1702, witnessed by Humphrey Morriss, John Gerrard 
and Daniel Occany, was proved 30 December following. He 

* See Note 1. t See Note 2. 



1890.] Allertons of New England and Virginia, 293 

describes himself as sick of body, and, after a pious prelude, dis- 
poses of his estate as follows: To Church of Cople parish, £10 ster- 
ling; to daughter Sarah Lee, and grandson Allerton Newton, two 
tracts of land in Stafford County; "to my dear daughter Elizabeth 
Starr, al" Heirs who live in New England, GOO acres of land, part 
of a dividend of 2,150 acres on south side of Rappahannock River 
to her the said Elizabeth and such of her children as she shall dis- 
pose of the same to, but in case the said Elizabeth be dead before 
the date of this my will, I will & devise the said GOO acres of land 
to her eldest son and to his heirs forever " ; he also gives to her 
heirs the sum of 2,000 lbs. of tobacco, to be paid upon demand, and 
5,000 lbs. to daughter Sarah Lee; and as daughter Traverse kk has 
had a sufficient part or proportion of my estate given her in con- 
sideration of marriage, 1 do therefore for memorial sake give unto 
her three daughters, Elizabeth, Rebecca and Winifred Traverse, the 
sum of 1,000 lbs. of tobacco apiece " when 17 years of age or upon 
marriage; to grandson, Allerton Newton, 1,000 lbs. of tobacco when 
21 years of age; "all the remaining part of my lands & tene- 
ments not above bequeathed, how or wheresoever situate and being 
to my well beloved son Willonghby Allerton and to his heirs for- 
ever"; he also bequeaths his son all his personal estate, goods and 
chattels, real and personal, of what kind, sort or quality soever the 
same be, and appoints him executor. His children were: 

i. Elizabeth, 3 b. at New Haven, Conn., 27 Sept. 1653; in. 23 Dec. 
1(575, Benjamin Starr, of New I lawn, who d. 1678, aged 31, leaving 
son : 

1. Allerton* b. 6 Jan. 1C77. 

She m. 2d, on 22 July, 1679, Simon Byre (or Beyres), sea cap- 
tain, of New Haven, 1). u Aim - . L652, bier first husband's cousin, 
Who died in 1695, and had sons Simon and Isaac. Eyre had an 
ancle, Thomas, who d. in Virginia, 1GGG, aged 4-4. Mrs. Eyre d. 
17 Nov. 1740. 
ii. Isaac, b. in New Haven, 11 June, 1655. A recently published gene- 
alogy of the family states that he accompanied his lather to 
Virginia when a child, but returned to New Haven about 1683, 
and had there from 1685-1)0 three sons, John, Jesse, and Isaac 
(who died young); that he removed to Norwich, Conn., and 
subsequently with his son John to Coventry, R. I., where he 
soon died. That the son John had eight children, of whom 
Isaac, b. at Norwich in 1724, d. in Amenia, Dutchess Co., N. Y., 
26 Dec. 1807. 

"We know that this statement contains errors, and the whole 
seems very problematical ; suffice it to say that Isaac Allerton the 
third is not even alluded to in the will of his father, as we have 
seen. It must be admitted, however, that a John Allerton was 
Selectman of Norwich, Conn., in 1721, and had children there 
baptized as early as 1713, and that an Isaac Allerton of Amenia 
Precinct, N. Y., had a will of 25 Dec. 1804, proved in Dutchess 
Co., N. Y., 13 Jan. 1808, though the earliest of the name there 
located was Jonathan, who signed the "Association" in June, 
1775. 

iii. Sarah, b. ; m. Hancock Lee, whose first wife was a Miss 

Kendall. He had children by both marriages, and settled in what 
is now Great Wycomico parish, Northumberland Co., building the 
mansion called " Ditchley," where, in 1729, he was buried beside 
his two wives. He and his brother John Lee, before mentioned, 
were sons of Col. Kichard Lee, of Virginia, descended from the 
Shropshire Lees, but " lately of Stratford Langton, in the county 
of Essex," as he states in his will of 1663. 

VOL. XLIV. 25 



294 Allertons of New England and Virginia. [July, 

iv. , another dan., m. Newton, and had son Allerton,* men- 
tioned in grandfather's will, 1702. 

v. , another dau., m. Traverse, and had daus. Elizabeth, Kebecca 

and Winifred, mentioned in their grandfather's will, 1702. 
3. vi. Willoughby, b. ; m. Hannah Bushrod, widow. 

3. Willoughby 3 Allerton m. Hannah Bushrod, widow of John 

Bushrod,f of Nomiuy Plantation, with two children by her former 
marriage, Hannah and Sarah. Mr. Allerton was Dep. Coll. of 
Customs for York River, 1711; whatever else we know of him is 
gathered from his will, drawn up on the 16th and 17th of Jan. 
1723-4, and proved 25 March following. He calls himself Wil- 
loughby Allerton, Gent., of the co. of Westmoreland, in Virginia, 
sick and weak in body, etc., and directs his executors that he " be 
interred in silence, without any show of funebrious rites and solemn- 
ities, and that my grave be impall d with a brick wall, together with 
all the rest of my friends & ancestors, a year's time after my death, 
* * # and further I desire that none of my friends may wear any- 
thing of mourning-cloathing in representacou of grief and sorrow for 
my death." He then directs his executors to settle all his just 
debts, selling, if necessary, the whole or part of the tract of land, 
some 500 acres, upon which he was living, situated on the west side 
of Machotick Creek, part of which had been patented by George 
Watts. This same land, or whatever is left of it, he gives to his 
son Isaac and his heirs forever; he also leaves him his scarlett 
cloak, with the horse-furniture, and requests that his sword " be 
sent to England and a new blade put in, also a scabbard made, and 
a false scabbard for my son Isaac." He also leaves land and part 
of personal estate to his daughter, Elizabeth Allerton, and makes 
provision for the support of his own and his wife's children. To 
his wife Hannah he gives back all the negroes, cattle, horses, sheep, 
etc., which may be found on the several plantations once belonging 
to the estste of Capt. John Bushrod, which she had brought to him 
at her marriage; also all the household goods, merchandise, etc., 
" which were brought home from Nominy " ; also " the school-master 
Joshua Nelson, as also three white servants more, viz. : John Carney, 
Eliz a Morell and John Brenan " ; also " my two boats with the 
rigging & sales"; also "the plantacon at the Narrows of Machotick 
for her natural life, &c. &c." ; also " one mourning-ring of fifteen 
shillings and one new caudle-cup lately come out of England " ; also 
" a young horse named Rebel " ; also " whatever goods may be in 
the House, or may be coming, or sent for out of England," &c- " I 
also ordain & constitute my dear son Ex r of this my last will & 
testament, and my said wife and Capt. George Tuberville Ex rs trust 
during my son Isaac's minority." His children were : 

i. Elizabeth, 4 b. ; m. Quills, and had children, Sarah and 

Margaret, living 1739. 
4. ii. Isaac. 

4. Isaac 4 Allerton (son of Willoughby and Hannah A.), born 



was not of age in January, 1723-4, and in probate of will is called 
" gentleman of Cople parish, co. Westm." This instrument, dated 
31 March, 1739, was proved 27 November following. To wife Ann 
he gives one third of all his lands, including the plantation he was 



* See Note 3. t See Note 4. 



1890.] Allertons of New England and Virginia. 295 

living upon, for life or daring widowhood. His entire estate, real 
and personal, to be divided between his three sons Gavvin (or Go wen ) , 
Willoughby and Isaac, as they respectively arrive at the age of 21 
years. Isaac is spoken of as weakly, and provision made in case 
he should grow up lacking the right use of his limbs. Directions 
are given for the liberal education of the boys, who, if they do not 
take to the same, are to be bound out, when 15 years of age, to such 
mechanic's trade as they may make choice of. In case of the death 
of the three boys under age, he bequeaths one half of his entire 
estate to Sarah and Margaret, children of his Bister Elizabeth Quills, 
and the other half to his cousins John Beale and his brothers 
Charles, Taverner, Richard and Reuben. He appoints his wife Ann, 
his friend John Bushrod, and Daniel Hornby, gentlemen, execut 
His children were: 

i. Gawin, 6 b. ; not 15 in 1739. 

ii. [SAAC, b. ; not 15 in 17:'»!». 

iii. Willoughby, b. ; not 15 in 1739 ; called in his will of 80 Jnne, 

1759, prored 25 September following, "Gent, of Westmoreland 

Co." He Lrivc-- his wife Ann one third of all his lands and negl 

in Virginia and elsewhere, all furniture in house and out-houses, 

bis post chaise and the two horses that draw it ; to hi^ two sisters- 
in-law, Jane and Alice Cnrrie, dans, of Mr. David Currie, the re- 
maining two third parts of his estate; to Capt. Hancock Eustice 

£700 currency; to his friend Richard Lee. Esq., and his heirs. 
2oo acres of land adjoining his. and appoints him witli Kev. .Mr. 
David Currie, executors. 

Notes. 

1. — Henry Corbin, born 1029, merchant of London, came out in 1654, 
and settled in Stratton Major parish, King and Queen's Co.. Va.; his eldest 
daughter Laetitia died 6 October, 1706,83. 19, wife of Richard Lee, Esq. 
(son of Richard Lee), who died 12 March, 1714, re. 68, and was buried in 
the Burnt-house fields, Mt. Pleasant, Cople parish, co. Westm. The eldest 
son, Thomas, ob. s.p. ; the second, Gawin, was president of the Council of 
Virginia, married daughter of William Bassett, and had 3 sons and 4 daugh- 
ters : Gawin, of the Council, whose d. and h. Martha married George Tur- 
berville; Richard, of Laneville, whose influence procured and sent George 
Washington a commission in 1754; John, settled in Maryland: Jenny, 
married Bushrod; Joanna, married Maj. Robert Tucker; Alice, mar- 
ried Benjamin Needier, vestryman, of Stratton Major; the fourth daughter 
married an Allerton. — (See Meade's "Ch. and Fam. of Va.") 

2. — Thomas Willoughby the third, died in summer of 1753, and was 
succeeded by his eldest son, John Willoughby, Sr., who by will of August, 
1776, leaves his son of the same name, the manor which he had taken up 
for himself and patented, called Sandy Point (afterwards Willoughby 
Point), and "a seal gold ring." This ring is again mentioned in the son's 
(John Willoughby, Jr.) will of February, 1786, proved September, 1791, 
as " one seal gold ring with the picture with my Court of Armes on it," 
and is left to son Thomas of the sixth generation. 

3. — Allerton Newton was doubtless akin to Capt. Willoughby Newton, 
of Westm. Co., whose wife Sarah, daughter of George Eskridore, died 2 
December, 1753, se. 46; parents of John, whose son Willoughby married 
widow of Richard Lee of Lee Hall (same Co.), maiden name Poythress. — 
(Meade.) 



296 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [July, 

4. — John Bushrod, born in Glouc. Co., Va., 30 January, 1663, died 6 
February, 1719, leaving widow Hannah, daughter of William Keene of co. 
North.— (Meade.) 

^^ The late Hon. Henry W. Cushman of Bernardston, Mass., prepared a 
minute and somewhat elaborate biography of Isaac Allerton, from the materials 
that were then accessible. This biography he intended to print in the Cushman 
Genealogy, which he was then preparing and which he published in 1855. An 
abridgement of this paper appeared in the Register for July, 1854 (vol. 8, pp. 
65-70). The full article never was printed, the article in the Cushman volume, 
owing to want of space, being only an abstract. — Editor. 



GENEALOGICAL GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND. 

By Henry F. Waters, A.M., now residing in London, England. 
[Continued from page 200.] 

Sir Edward Brett of Blendeuhall in Bexley parish in the County of 
Kent Knight and Sergeant Porter to the King's Majesty, 22 December 
1682 with codicil of 7 November 1683, proved 17 March 1683. I pur- 
chased of Edward Brewster deceased all that the capital messuage or man- 
sion House as called Blendon Hall, situate and being in the parish of Bex- 
ley &c. (and other lands and tenements). To the children of Henry Fisher 
of Greeton, Northampton, gent., by Elizabeth his wife. To the heirs of 
Stephen Beckingham of Gray's Inn, London, Esq., and Richard Watson 
of St. Margaret's Westminster, gent. To the several children of my niece 
Anne Isham, the daughter of my sister Mary Isham, viz. : Richard Wat- 
hew, John Wathew, Henry Wathew, Alice Wathew and Sarah Wathew. 
To the two daughters of my nephew Henry Isham late of Virginia de- 
ceased, by Katherine his wife, two hundred pounds apiece, to be paid unto 
them within twelve months after my decease. To John, Nathaniel and 
Edward Fisher, sons of the said Henry Fisher. To Alice Grove, of Lon- 
don widow, and my god daughter Anne Grove. To my kinsman Owen 
Norton of Sherrington, Bucks, Esq. My kinsman Stephen Beckingham 
of Gray's Inn, Esq., and my kinsman Richard Watson. I give my carpen- 
tine cup to my cousin Charles Brett's widow. I give my old cup with the 
Brett's arms thereupon engraven, and tipt with silver, to my cousin 
Margaret Duncumbe widow. Reference to a former will bearing date 19 
January 1681-2 in which was a bequest to my cousin Charles Brett Esq., 
lately deceased. My said cousin Mary Brett his widow. 

In the codicil, bequests are made to Robert Norton and others. 

Hare, 27. 

[This will of Sir Edward Brett should have accompanied the will of his kins- 
man, Richard Watson, published in the April number of these gleanings (page 
193). Whether the testator was related to the other Bretts whose wills are 
given in this number I cannot say. According to the late Rev. Frederick 
Brown, M.A., F.S.A., he belonged to the Brett family of White Staunton, an 
early pedigree of which family may be found in the Visitation of London, 1568 
(Harleian Soc. Pub. , i. 47) . Robert Brett, citizen and merchant tailor of London, 
had four sons (see pedigree), of whom William, the second, was of Toddington, 
Beds., and father of the above testator. Edward Brett, born 1608, married 
Barbara, only daughter of Sir John Fleming, Kt., and was himself knighted by 






1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 297 

Charles [., 81 a.ug. 1644, after a gallanl charge upon the Parliamentary forcesat 
Lostwithiel, Cornwall, where he " received a shotl in his left arm, and having 
brought his men off, retreated to be drest, when the King called him and took 
his Bword which was drawn in his hand and knighted him on his horse's hack." 

'■sir Edward Brett <li<d. s. p., aged 75, Feb. L2, L682 3, and is buried In 
Bexley Church, Kent, where there Is an elaborate monumental inscription 
recording his military services in behalf of King Charles, and afterwards in the 
Netherlands, under William, then Prince of Orange." 

Henry Isham, whose will has also been given in the January number of the 
Register (page 98), was a kinsman, being the Bon of Henry [sham deceased, 

Whom Sir Edward calls •• my nephew," by Kalherine his Wife. — Hinky F. 
W \ I BBS. 

The two daughters of Henry [sham, mentioned in this will, were Mary, wife 
of William Randolph of "Turkey [sland," and Anne, wife of Francis Epp 
Brett Randolph, grandson of William and Mary (Isham) Randolph, and son of 
Richard and .lane (Boiling) Randolph, married (in Gloucestershire, England, 
where he lived and died), .Mary Scott of London, and had Issue. — R. a. I'»i:<m b 
of Richmond, Va. j 

Codicil. I William Claiborne of Virginia at present in London, mer- 
chant &c.,(lo declare that, whereas I some time since made my last will and 
testament in Virginia aforesaid and appointed executors therein who reside 
there, I therefore confirm and ratify the Bame in all its parts ami do hereby 

order, direct and appoint, by way oi addition thereto, M r John Ilanlmry of 

London, Merchant, to he my executor here in Englaud in order tor him to 
recover and get in my outstanding debts and effects, and after my dece 

to remit the same to the order of ni\ Other executors in the -aid will named. 
16 May 1746. 

This codicil was proved at London 17 July 17 hi. Kdmnnds. 202. 

[This William Claiborne was presumably the son of Lt. Col. Thomas Clai- 
borne, b. Aug. 17, L649; m. Dandridge; k. by Indians. Oct. 7. L683, and 

grandson of CoL Wm. Claiborne, " the rebel." — K. A. Brock.] 

John Dodge of Middlechinnock, '1 April L635, proved 15 October 1635. 

To be buried in the church yard there. To tin- church ten shillings. The 
same to the poor of the parish. To the minister, for preaching funeral 

sermon, ten shillings. Wife Margery shall hold and enjoy one tenement 
in the parish of Ilalstocke, co. Dorset, containing by estimation ten acres 

more or less, during her life natural, if my sons Michael and William shall 
happen so long to live. To wife Margery forty pounds and the bed that I 
now lie in and the bedstead and all things belonging thereunto. I give and 
bequeath unto her so much of my other household stuff as shall amount to 
four pounds, of such kinds as she shall think most needful and useful for 
her. 

Item I give and bequeath unto my son William forty pounds more over 
and above that portion which I have already given him. To my son Rich- 
ard one sheep and to take his choice in my whole flock; and to John the 
son of the said Richard forty shillings. To Mary my daughter twenty 
shillings and to her son John forty shillings. And my will is that all these 
goods shall be delivered half a year after my decease. 

Item, all the rest of my goods unmentioned I give and bequeath unto my 
son Michael whom I make and ordain the executor of this my last will and 
testament. 

Witnesses Geo. Parsons, clerk, William Dodge, William Templeman. 

Sadler, 101. 

[William and Richard Docile came over to Beverly. Each had a son Wil- 
liam. There came a fourth William (son of Michael), who, to distinguish him 

VOL. XLIV. 25* 



298 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July, 

from his uncle William, and his two cousins of the name, was called William 
Dodge of Coker, or sometimes Coker William Dodge. Chinnock and Coker are 
neighboring parishes in the extreme sonth or southeast part of Somersetshire. 
Halstock, Dorset, referred to in the will, is just over the line, south of these 
parishes. — H. F. Waters. 

William Dodge arrived in the "Lyons Whelpe" in 1029, made free in 1637. 
16th, 5 mo. 1638 Richard Dodge had 10 acres granted in Salem. 26th, 9 mo. 
1638 Richard and William had four score acres granted in Salem between them. 
Both were first at Salem, then in Beverly. 

Richard's first son was John, b. 1631 ; det. by record of death. William's first 
son was John, b. 1636 ; det. by record of death. William Dodge, son of Michael, 
b. 1635; m. in Beverly, Elizabeth, dan. of Roger Haskell; had two sons and 
seven daughters, among them a Mighill and Margery. 

Richard's will, dated 14th, 9 mo. 1670, pr. 4 mo. 1671, says, " And whereas I 
haue land in England let to my brother Michael Dodge for f onre pound p' annum, 
I doe hereby acquitt my brother from all dues and demands concerninge the 
saide rent during my life, but after my decease I giue and bequathe to my wife 
and my son John the saicle rent to be annually paid them during their said lif es 
according to the tenure of the lease." 

In 1692, Capt. Jno. Dodge, Jr., of Beverly, deeds to his cousin William Dodge, 
2d, yeoman, 10 acres because of his father William Dodge's [Farmer William, so 
called] promise so to do providing he should come out to this country. — Ira J. 
Patch, of Salem, Mass.] 

Mary Sheppey of the parish of St. Mary in the Strand, als Savoy, in 
the County of Midcl., widow, 4 June 1624, proved 18 March 1624. To 
my friend John Brett, of the parish of St. Clement Danes, in the said 
County, citizen and Merchant Taylor of London, twenty pounds of currant 
English money, whom I make and ordain full and sole executor of this my 
last will and testament. I give unto the four children of my son Robert 
Chapman, late of Newcastle upon Tyne, twenty pounds, to be equally di- 
vided and paid unto them, or the survivors of them, at their several ages 
of twenty and one years or days of marriage, which shall first happen. I 
give to my daughter Martha Vaughan ten pounds. I give to my grand- 
child Mary Walford twenty shillings to make her a ring. I give to M r 
Nicholas Paye twenty shillings to make him a ring. I give to Captain 
Thomas Brett twenty shillings to make him a ring. I give to my neigh- 
bors M rs Joan Dannson, ten shillings, M r Thomas Bratt, twenty shillings, 
M rs Anne Pastolow, ten shillings, and Margery Tincombe, twenty shil- 
lings, to make each of them a ring. To my god daughter Mary Cunisbie 
twenty shillings to make her a ring. To my cousin Elizabeth Bacon, widow, 
ten pounds, to be paid unto her within six months next after my decease, 
and to Henry, George, Mary and William Bacon, her four children, each 
of them a piece of gold of the value of twenty and two shillings. To my 
neighbor M rs Elisabeth Shaw ten shillings to make her a ring. To my 
cousin M™ Clare Bucke twenty shillings to make her a ring. To Symon 
Gomond forty shillings, to be paid him at his full age of twenty and one 
years. Further my mind and will is that after my debts, funeral charges 
and bequests be paid, or so much deducted out of my estate as will pay 
them at their several times of limitation, that then all the remainder of my 
estate shall be divided into six just and equal parts, the which, being so 
divided, I give and bequeath unto the six children of my son in law Richard 
Waters, late of London, draper, deceased, as namely, I give one part of 
thereof unto George Waters, one other part unto Margaret Waters, one 
other part unto Elizabeth Waters the wife of my said executor, one other 
part unto Martha Waters, one other part unto Lettice Waters and the 
other part unto Rebecca Waters. And I do nominate and appoint my 
good friends and neighbors Thomas Bratte and Morris Shawe for over- 






1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 299 

seers, and do give to the said Morris Shawe twenty shillings to make 
him a ring. Clarke, 34. 

Percival Brett of St. Martin's in the Fields, London, 7 May 1G38, 
proved 24 May 1638. To the poor of the town and parish of Tenterden. 
To the poor soldiers of the town and garrison of Portsmouth. To my two 
god children born and christened in the parish of Tenterden, named and 
known by the names of Annis Winchester and Mary Nevill, as I remember. 
To John Younge, the son of Dorothy Hodges, born at Coventry and brought 
up at one M r Younge's at the Red Cross in Queen's Street. To my cousin 
Robert Brett of Fayerfield in Kent. To Richard Brett of Portsmouth. 
To Percival Wivill of Portsmouth and to Thomas Wivill. To my cousin 
Beane's wife of Bidenden. To my eldest brother John Brett, my brother 
Thomas Brett and my youngest brother Richard Brett. To my cousin 
Anne Wivill, lately married. My wife shall have all my lands &c. in the 
Count}' of Kent during her natural life. There is given by bond to me by 
my uncle Capt Thomas Brett fifteen hundred pounds to be paid to me after 
his decease. If he be living at the time of my decease I do quit, relinquish 
and forgive the debt. My said uncle to be executor. Lee, Gl. 

Thomas Brett of St. Martin's in the Fields, Middlesex, 30 November 
1638, proved 14 January 1638. For the disposing <>t' my worldly goods, 
as I was never covetous in seeking them so I will leave them without much 
curiosity amongst my poor kindred and some few friends. To my loving 
sister only now living one hundred pounds. To John Brett the son of my 
eldest brother John live pounds to buy a piece of plate, and to my loving 
cousin his wife the like proportion, and to all their children twenty shil- 
lings apiece at ten years of age, and the two other former sons to the 
parents to be paid within one year after my decease. Having given by 
deed unto my cousin Robert Wivill two hundred pounds, as well for his 
own advancement in marriage as for the better enabling him to relieve his 
poor brethren and sisters, I give to the other children of my sister Wivell, 
viz. Elizabeth, Alice, Amye, Mary and Percival Wyvill, fifty pounds to be 
equally divided amongst them. To Thomas Wyvill, who hath served me 
faithfully some years, two hundred pounds. To the children of my sister 
Nower, viz. John, Joseph, Thomas, Elizabeth and Daniel Nower, three 
score pounds, to be equally divided &c. To my cousin John Brett, dwell- 
ing at the Golden Ball in the Strand, five^pounds and to my cousin his wife 
forty shillings, and to every one of their children twenty shillings apiece at 
fifteen years of age. To the sister of John Brett now married to Symon 
Porter three pounds, and ten shillings apiece to every one of her children. 
To ten of the poorest and most impotent persons of the parish of Great 
Charte in Kent, where I was born and baptized. To my godson John 
Brett, the sou of Henry Brett of Great Charte, five pounds. To my cousin 
Robert Brett of Fairefield and his brother Richard Brett of Portsmouth 
twenty pounds between them. To my cousin Robert Brett who lodgeth 
in my house forty shillings to buy him a ring. The perverseness of Tho- 
mas Goddyu hath been the true cause of the deferring the execution of my 
brother Steven his will. Refers to a portion due to M rs Thornhill, being 
the legacy of Sir Richard Smith. Remainder to cousins Thomas aud 
Richard Brett, sons of my eldest brother John Brett and they two to be 
executors. 

Codicil 21 December 1638. Cousin Steven Nower, left out in Will 
A legacy of twenty pounds to him. Harvey, 10. 



300 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [July, 

Richard Brett of London, haberdasher, 18 September 1643, proved 
12 May 1645. I have ventured the sum of five hundred pounds upon the 
propositioos made by both houses of Parliament for the quelling and sup- 
pressing of the rebels in Ireland. To my cousins Mildred, Sarah and Mary 
the three daughters of my brother Thomas. To the eldest son of my 
brother Thomas. To my Aunt Nowell the wife of Daniel Nowell. To 
ray cousin Pamiell, sister of my brother John's wife. To my cousin Whit- 
ledge, brother to my brother John's wife living now in London. To my 
brother Thomas his wife's sister M rs Wills. To my cousins Robert and 
Thomas Wivill and their wives. To the wives of my brothers John and 
Thomas Brett. To my uncle Celhurst [or Colhurst?] and his daughter, 
my cousin, M" Austen. Sundry people living in Tenterden mentioned. 
Brother John's three daughters. Brother Thomas his three children. 
Refers to will of uncle Capt. Thomas Brett. To my nephew John Brett, 
son of my eldest brother John. Rivers, 69. 

Thomas Brett of Tenterden, Kent, gentleman, 13 November 1646, 
proved 4 January 1648. To wife Sarah the lease and term of years yet 
to come and unexpired which I now have of and in the messuage I now 
dwell in, with the lands thereunto belonging. My seal ring of gold and the 
great cypress chest now standing in the Hall to my son John Brett. To 
my servant and kinsman Thomas Brett and Mary his sister five pounds 
apiece. 

Item I give and bequeath to my very loving brother Mr. John Brett, 
citizen and merchant taylor of London, the sum of ten pounds. And I do 
hereby make, constitute and ordain the said John Brett, my brother, execu- 
tor of this my last will and testament. My friends Shemaial Selherst and 
Mr. Thomas Taylor and my loving brother, Thomas Wills, to be overseers. 
To all my children. My sister Finche, now wife of Mr. John Finch. 

Fairfax, 15. 

John Brett, citizen & merchant taylor of London, 3 July 1684, with 
memorandum made 9 November 1685, proved 13 January 1685. To my 
son Matthew Meriton and his wife, each twenty-five pounds within six 
months after my decease. To my son John Archer and his wife, each (a 
similar legacy). To my son John Dauling Esq. and his wife twenty -five 
pounds each, to be allowed out of the hundred pounds that he is indebted 
to me by a bond. To my son Matthew Meriton and his wife each ten 
pounds, to buy them mourning. The same to John Archer & his wife, 
aud John Dauling & his wife. To my son John Brett's wife, as a legacy, 
twenty five pounds. To my servant Susannah Watts, to buy her mourn- 
ing, four pounds, besides a legacy of ten pounds. To my sister Roulte and 
my sister Tayler, that was and my sister Marsh, and my sister Sherbrooke, 
each of them forty shillings. To the three daughters of my brother Tho- 
mas Brett Deceased forty shillings each. Unto William Stevens, John 
Powell, Francis Brand, Matthew Gibbons, each of them forty shillings. 
To M r Loves and M r . Claxtou each five pounds. To the poor of the 
church ten pounds, to be distributed by the two teachers and the deacons 
to those that have most need. To my cousin Sick's wife and to my cousin 
Noble, each, forty shillings. To my cousin Bix, widow, forty shillings and 
also the five pounds that her husband was indebted to me. To my grand- 
son Back well and his wife and to his children that shall be living at the 
time of my decease, each of them ten pounds apiece, to be paid to my 






1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 301 

grandson Backwell for himself and all the rest six months after my decease. 
To my son John Archer's children ten pounds apiece, to be improved for 
them until their age of twenty one years. To my grandson Meriton ten 
pounds when he hath served his apprenticeship. To my grandson Sher- 
brooke the elder & his wife, and also to his children that shall be living at 
the time of my decease, ten pounds apiece, all to be paid to their father six 
months after my decease; and more to my grandson Sherbrooke and his 
wife ten pounds apiece, in six months &c. ; and also the like in case he 
have any children by his wife: and more to my grandson Dalling when he 
attains the age of twenty one years, ten pounds, and to his two sisters, each 
of them ten pounds, to be paid six months after my decease. Unto the 
widow Browne twenty shillings. 

I do give unto my son John Brett the moity or half part of the lands & 
tenements and hereditaments lying & being in the Parish of Tenterden, 
Smalhood, Brencett and Warhorne, being known by the same names or 
the like, being in the County of Kent; which said lands are in the hands 
of Richard Marsh, during his wife's life, Kathern, who was the wife of my 
brother Percival Brett; but, in case my son John Brett have no son, then 
after his decease I do give the moiety of the aforesaid lands unto my said 
two daughters Sarah Archer and Elizabeth Daulmjj, and after their de- 
cease to their children. 

Item, I do give unto my son John Brett my land that is settled upon 
me in New England, as appears by a Deed is expressed. As to the land 
at Eythorne Court, in Kent, the house in Grace Church Parish in which 
my son lives, known by the name of the Star &c, my will is that the same 
settlement that was made to my son, upon the marriage of his first wife, 
shall stand. To my brother Berinan three pounds. Other legacies. My 

son Brett to be executor. Son John Archer and friend Blackborne 

to be overseers. To ray sister Archer, in remembrance of my love, forty 
shillings. (Signed) John Bret. 

Wit : Thomas Browne, Gabriel Glover and Edward Southby. 

Lloyd, 1. 

1G12. "Aug. 9, William Hutchinson, of Alford, co. Lincoln, mercer, and 
Anne, daughter of Francis Marbury, Minister, by licence." (St. Mary 
Woolnoth Marriages, page 138.) 

lo65. Sep. 29, Susanna, wief of William Shorte, grocer, and daughter to 
Mr. Rogers, late burned in Smithfield. (Ibid. Burials, page 188.) 

[The above entries were copied by Mr. Waters from the Registers of the 
United Parishes of St. Mary Woolnoth and St. Mary Woolchurch Haw, edited by 
J. M. S. Brooke, M.A. and A. W. C. Hallen, M.A., published in 1886. The first 
entry supplies the elate and place of the marriage of William Hutchinson and 
Anne, daughter of Rev. Francis Marbury, which Col. Chester when he wrote his 
valuable account of the Hutchinson and Marbury families, printed in the 
Register, vol. 20, pp. 355-67, did not find. 

If Col. Chester had seen the second entry he might have been spared much 
labor in proving the family of the proto-martyr. This entry, taken with the 
pedigree found in the British Museum, constitutes proof positive. — Editor.] 



Washington. 

A 

The will of Alban Wakeline of Henley-upon-Thames, Oxfordshire, Esq., 
21 August 1602, proved 10 February 1602, mentions wife Amye, daughters 



302 



Genealogical Gleanings in England. 



[July. 



Phillis, Elizabeth, Mary and Priscilla, unmarried, Hugh Wakeline and his 
brother George, and his sisters, children of uncle John Wakeline. He 
appoints his wife executrix, and his friends Robert Washington of Stuttes- 
bury, Esq., Alban Butler of Ashton in the Wales, gent., in the co. of 
Northampton, and Guy Foster of Hanslowe, in co. Buck., gent., overseers. 

Among the witnesses was Lawrence Washington. 

Admon. de bonis non was granted 30 April 1624 to Mary Bentley alias 
Washington, a daughter, &c. Boleyn, 9 (P. C. C). 

John (Bancroft) Bishop of Oxford in his will, 31 August 1839, proved 5 
June 1641, enjoins that his body shall be buried in Cuddesdon chancel and 
desires his chaplains Mr. Fulham or Mr. Washington to preach in Cuddesdon 
church, and " to make such mention of me as may tend to God's glory." 
To nephew Kinsman and my niece his wife, cousin-german Elizabeth Isard, 
widow, and my two brothers, Christopher and Silvester Bancroft. 

Evelyn, 80 (P. C. C). 



The following is extracted from a letter received from Mr. J. C. C. Smith : — 

Mr. Cave Browne gives me this from Maidstone Register (about to be 
printed). 

Married January 15, 1609-10, Mr. Arthur Beeszicke, gent, and Mistris 
Martha Washington, gentlewoman. 



Laurentius Washington — Mense Januarii 1616. Decimo nono die 
emanavit Comissio Margarete Washington relce Laurentii Washington 
nuper de Wickamon in Com. Northampton def hentis, etc. 



The will of Abel Makepeace of Chipping Warden, Northampton, yeoman, 
was made 16 June 1601 and proved 14 October 1602. He mentions wife 
Mary, daughters Dorothy and Bridgett, unmarried, three daughters already 
married, viz. Lucy, Jane and Amye, son Lawrence, and good friends and 
" cosen " Symon Haynes, gent., Basil Trymnell, gent., Thomas Hollowaye, 
clerk, George Makepeace and Richard Blason; — also daughter Butler's two 
daughters. Northamptonshire Wills. 



In my notes on the Ancestry of Washington, an abstract of the will of 
Symon Heynes of Turweston, Bucks., was given (Register, vol. 43, p. 414), 
because in it he mentioned his kinsman Lawrence Washington, meaning, 
probably, the Register of Chancery. No explanation of that kinship was 
given. The following pedigree, taken from Harleian MS. 1533 (140 in 
pencil), shows the connection: 

SIMON HAYNES = , who after married 

Dean of Dr. May and lastly 

Exeter and Windsor. Dr. Yale. 



Simon, of Turweston: 
als. Tarston, Bucks. 



Amye, dau. and one 
of 3 coh. of 
Henry Marshall 
of Com. North tn 
and of Elizabeth, 
Aunt to Sir Law- 
rence Washington. 



Joseph Haynes=Jane, d. and h. of 

of Barking, Yale of 

Essex. Wales. 



Margaret. 



Joane. 



Elizabeth. 






1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 303 

The will of Thomas Yale, Dr. of Laws (1577-1578), calls Jane wife of 
Joseph Hay nes " niece," and mentions wife Joane. That of Joane Yale, 
his widow (1585-1587), mentions sons Simon and Joseph Heyues, or 
Hayues, and William Maye. So we are enabled to fill the blank in the 
above pedigree, so far as the baptismal name of the wife of the first Simon 
Heynes is concerned. Henry F. Waters. 

B 

I might supplement Mr. Conway Robinson's remarks (ante, page 77) as to 
Lawrence Washington, Registrar of the High Court of Chancery, by stating 
that in 1583 he is styled of "Gray's Inn, eo. Middlesex, gent., M during which 
year he purchased the Manor of Wliitacre inferior, co. Warwick, Belling it Biz 
years later to George Villicrs, Esq., of Brokesby, co. Leic. Villiers's dan. Ann 
afterwards married Washington's grand-nephew. Towards the close of Eliza- 
beth's reign he purchased the Jordan's Hall of Maidstone, Kent, and alienated 
it later to the Godwins. 

From the Privy Council Register, 16 Jan. 1599, it appears that among the 
lawyers of Chancery, assessed for suppression of the Irish rebellion, was 
Lawrence Washington, 10 2. ster. ; and in a Certificate about Privy Seals, co. 
Middlesex-, HJio, among those not having paid are Lawrence Washington of 
Finchley, near London, and John Washington of Westdreate (Drayton- West). 

In a list of monies raised L626 OH Privy Seals in co. Bucks, occurs name of 
Lawrence Washington ar. of Westbury, 10 /. 

On a small black marble tomb-stone, on the north side of the east window of 
the chancel of All Saints, Maidstone, is the following inscription: 

Mortalis Morte 
Immortalis. 

Here resteth the body of Lawrence 
Washington Esq; of the Family of the 
Wasliingtons, antientlie of Washington 
in the Countie Palatine of Durham: 
Register of the Highe Court of Chancery 
xxvn Yeares: He had two Wyvfs, Martha 
Daughter of Clement Newce of Hartford- 
shire Esq: and Mary Daughter of Sir Raynold 
Scott of this Countie Knight : By his First 
He had 5 Sons and 2 Daughters; Lawrence 
and Mary, The Eldest only ly ving. Lawrence 
succeeded him in his Office, married Ann 
Daughter of William Lewyn Judge of the 
Prerogative Court. Mary married William 
Horsepoole of this Parish Gentle" 1 . His other 
Daughter Martha married to Arthur 
Beswick Gentle" 1 . Son of William Beswick 
of this County Esq.; He having lived A 
Vertuous & Xtiau Life of singular Intiecrity 
in his place. Being of the age of lxxiii Yeares 
Died the xxi of December An . D ni . 1619. A 
Faithfull Believer in the Merritts & 
Mercies of his Saviour. To whose Memorie 
His Sonne hath erected this Monument. 

Though after my Skinne 
Worms destroy this Body, 
Yet shall I see God in my Flesh. 



304 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July, 

As is stated his, daughter Mary married William Horspoole gent, of Buckland, 
parish of Maidstone, co. Kent; had children in 1G 19 : Symon, se. 15; John, ae. 
12; Lawrence, se. 6 j William, vs. 3 ; Mary; Martha; Elizabeth and Catharine. 
The other daughter Martha married Arthnr, son and heir of Wm. Beswick of 
Spilmander, co. Kent' and Sheriff of the County 1616; she died 1616, leaving 
daughter Mary. 

Lawrence Washington (Jnn.), born about 1579, purchased the Manor of Gars- 
den, co. Wilts (3 miles from Malmesbury) of the Moody family. He obtained 
the grant in reversion of the Ilegistrarship in the Co. of Chancery 16 Apr. 1604, 
and succeeded his father in that office towards the close of 1619 ; subsequently 
hq was knighted. Berry, in his Genealogies of Kent, styles him "of Boling- 
ford, co. Wilts." He married Ann, dau. of Wm. Lewyn (or Lovin), LL.D. of 
Ottringden (Otterden), co. Kent, made Master of Chancery about 1595 : Judge 
of the Prerog. Co. of Canterbury; Chancellor of Rochester, &c, who died in 
Ap. 1598, and was interred in St. Leonard in Shoreclitch, co. Middlesex. Sir 
Lawrence died 1643, aged 64, & was buried in Garsden Church ; when the church 
Was restored about 1860 the mural monument which, surmounted by the family 
arms, had stood in the chancel, to left of the altar, was removed to the Rectory 
and was exhibited in August, 1862, at the Malmesbury meeting of the Wiltshire 
Arch. Society. His widow Ann died Jan'y 13, 1645, and was interred in the 
same ground three days later. 

The mansion at Garsden is handsome, old fashioned, built of stone, with 
walls five feet thick — its timbers chiefly of oak : the family arms carved over 
the mantel-pieces ; and around the building a beautiful garden and orchard. 

He had children, among them Lawrence and Martha. The following extract, 
from Records of St. Dunstan's in the West,* London, evidently refers to others 
of his issue : 

Lawrence, son of Lawrence Washington jr., buried 29 Dec. 1617.f 
Anne, dau. of Lawrence & Anne Washington, bapt. 29 Aug. 1621. 
Lawrence Washington, bapt. 30 Sept. 1622. 

Lawrence Washington, Esq., of Garsden, co. Wilts (son of Sir Lawrence 
Washington, Knt.), was probably the child bapt. at St. Dunstan's in the West, 
London, 30 Sept. 1622. He was app'd by H. of Com., 7 Nov. 1650, as Sheriff of 
Co. Wilts, and Inigo Jones's Hist, of Stonehenge, 1655, mentions him as pro- 
prietor of that place. He married Eleanor, clau. of Wm. Guise, Esq., of El- 
more, Sheriff of co. Glouc. in 1647. His will of 14 Jan. 1661-2 is on record. 
The widow married Sir Wm. Pargiter, Knt. of Gretworth, co. Northants, who 
died 11 Aug. 1678, aged 48, leaving dau. Eleanor. She was buried beside her 
first husband at Garsden, to which church, as Lady Pargiter, she presented a 
silver flagon, two chalices and a salver. Mr. Washington left an only dau. and 
heiress Elizabeth, who, in 1671, became the first wife of Sir Robert Shirley, 
Bart., afterwards Earl Ferrers, and died 2 Oct. 1693; the Earl died 25 Dec. 
1717, aged 67, leaving issue. 

Martha Washington, dau. of Sir Lawrence W., Knt., married in June, 1630, 
as his 2d wife, Sir John Tyrell, Knt., of Springfield and Heron, co. Essex, born 
14 Dec. 1597, ancestor of the Baronets Tyrell. She died 17 Dec. 1670, and was 
buried at East Hornden ; Sir John died 3 Apr. 1675. He had suffered severely 
for his loyalty, as is quaintly shown in the Latin inscription on his grave-stone 
in the south chapel of the church. — Isaac J. Greenwood, of New York city. 



It happens rather strangely, that on April 26, 1890, there was sold at Libbie's 
auction rooms, in Boston, a deed of Lawrence Washington, the elder, and Law- 
rence W. the younger, of Maidstone, co. Kent. It was dated June 27, 1614, and 
related to land in Oxfordshire. The signatures were good, but the seals had 
disappeared. — Editor. 

* Richard Washington, who had died in Fetter Lane, London, 1651, was buried in this 
church. He was a Fellow of Univ. Coll., Oxf., where he had taken his B.D. 1633, and was 
afterwards Provost of Trinity Coll., Dublin. 

t This was probably the child baptized at Mottingham July 24, 1614 {ante, page 78).— 
Editor. 





cs 



1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 305 

C 

The natural interest which all Americans must feel in every detail of the 
family and connections of our great first President has been powerfully stimu- 
lated by the able paper of Mr. Henry F. Waters, in the October number of the 
Kegik'i 'BR, which has finally, let us hope, settled the vexed question of the origin 
of John and Lawrence Washington, the Emigrants of Virginia, and it now seems 
in order to adduce every scrap of evidence bearing on the descendants of John 
Washington of Whitfield, the founder of the line, for preservation for the use 
of the future writer of the Genealogy of the Family. 

As is well known, Sir Lawrence Washington, Knt., the second Register of the 
High Court of Chancery of that name, and the nephew of Robert Washington 
of Sulgrave, the Ancestor of the Virginia line, acquired by purchase the estate 
of Garsdon in Wiltshire from the Moodys to whom it had been granted by King 
Henry VIII. as a reward to one William Moody, his footman, for saving his 
life on the occasion of an accident which befel him in the hunting field.* The 
family seem in fact, as will be shown, to have been in this neighborhood for 
upward of a hundred years (1570-1685) and perhaps still earlier than the former 
date. 

In the year 1887 the writer spent some weeks in Malmesbnry and vicinity 
engaged in genealogical researches, and twice visited the Church at Garsdon 
where the Rev. Dr. Gray, the Rector, afforded him every facility for the investi- 
gation of the monuments existing there. f The principal of these is the mural 
monument of Sir Lawrence Washington, Knt., the first owner of Garsdon 
Manor of the name, who died in 1648, and which was cited by Mr. Waters in his 
paper. This once splendid memorial of gilt and painted freestone, surmounted 
by an oval shield of the Arms of Washington and Lewyn and with an inscrip- 
tion cut on a black marble slab surrounded by a wreath, wms taken down during 
the destructive "restoration" of the edifice in 1856 and has never been replaced. 
The marble slab was used as a barrow plank by the masons and broken in two, 
and the fragments of the whole lay neglected for years in a corner of the 
building until at length, in 1877, some enterprising disciple oi Artemus Ward 
literally carried off the whole bodily with the intention of exhibiting it in 
America, and had actually reached Southampton with his plunder, when Dr. 
Gray, who had then just been inducted to the living, discovered the desecration, 
pursued him and compelled its return. The broken parts of the slab are now 
united and protected by a strong oaken frame, pending the proper restoration 
of the monument to its place on the chancel wall. % 

The other four are floor tombs in the Chancel covered with large inscribed 
slabs of black marble, without armorial bearings, but each has a similar pattern 
of an urn engraved beneath the inscription. The first three of these are very 
distinct, but the last is so heel worn that it was only with the greatest difficulty 
that the writer was able to clearly indentify the fragments given. All are now 
well protected by strips of husk matting. 

To the | Memory of Sr | Laurence Washington | Kt lately chiefe Register 
of the | Chauncery of known Pyety of | Charitye exemplarye A louinge | 
Husband A tender Father A boun- | tifull Master A constant Relieuer of 
| the Poore and to those of this Parish A | perpetuall Benefactour Whom 
it pleased | God to take unto his Peace from the fury | of the insuinc 
Warrs Oxon Maij 14 to Here \ interred 24 t0 Ano. Dni. 1643° ^Etat Suae 
64° | Where allso lyeth Dame Aune his wife who | deceased Junij 13 t0 and 
was buried 16 t0 Ano | Dni. 1645. 

Hie Patrios cineres enrauit filius Urna 

Condere qui tumulo nunc jacet Ule pius. 

* Aubrey's Collections for Wilts, p. 25. — Garesden- 

f It is greatly to be regretted that the Parish Registers have perished previous to 1737, 
and that the fragmentary Bishop's Transcripts at Salisbury yield absolutely no entries of 
the name. 

X The Arms in the shield, shown in the accompanying illustration, are as follows : — Quar- 
terly, 1 & 4, argent, two bars and in chief three mullets gules ( Washington) ; 2 & 3, ? a 

cross patonce between four cinquefoils or ( ?) ;. surcharged with a crescent or. Impaling 

per pale gules and azure three bucks^ heads couped or {Lewyn). 
VOL. XLIV. 26 



306 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July, 

The pious Son his Parents here inter'd 

Who hath his share in Urne for them prepar'd. 
Here Lyeth ye Body of Lavrence | Washington Esq r the only Son | of 
Sr Lavrence Washington who | Departed this life Jan 17 was | Bvried 
Feb 11 Ano. Dni. 1661 and | Inclosed By Elinor his Wife | April 18 Ano. 
Dni. 1663 | JEtat Sua3 39. 

En mercede virum Pensatum munerfa e?*]igna 
Prospicit ille suis diua supersta sibi 

Behold how duty well perform'd is paide 
His Sire he him here his deerst hath laide. 

[Sacrum Mej'jmorige, Annse Filiae | Lavrentij Washington Eqvitis | Et 
vxoris Christopheri Gise | Hie Sepvltoe Jvnij 4 t0 An: Do: | 1642 iEtat 
Sva3 20. 

Here lyes ye body of Dame | Elienor Pargiter 2 nd Daughter | of Wm. 
Guise of Elmore in ye | County of Gloucester Esqr | First married to 
Lawrence | Washington Esq. afterwards | to Sr Wm. Pargiter of Gritt | 
worth in ye County of North | Hampton Kt. Who departing | this life the 
19 th Day of July in | the Year of Our Lord 1685 | ordered her remains to 
be | deposited here in hopes of | a blessed Resurrection. J 

| ce the Bod of Lawrence | &D- me 

Jone wife I - - r-e in^ton I 



ha ing 

e You S 



-a 



W Wan - - a - - cil ilot - 

ma --m . § 

Mahnesbury Abbey Parish Registers. 

Searched from 1590 to 1650. 

1601. July — George Washington & Johann Hatt were maryed the 20 th daye. 

1625. May 2 — George Washington buried. 

1640. Buried the same daye (i. e. April 28) (blank) servant to Sir 

Lawrence Washington of Garsden whose legg was taken off by 

Mr. Phillips, Chirugeion. 

Will of Henrye Washington of Malmesburie, dated 2 Julij 1570; no 
Probate act or date of probate given ; To be buried in parish Churchyard 

* Obliterated. 

f Covered by the corner of a pew. 

X A splendid set of Communion Silver, which was presented to the Church by Lady 
Pargiter in 1684, is still preserved and in perfect condition. It consists of four pieces, 
engraved with the monogram I H S in a halo with emblems of the Crucifixion and with 
the following inscription : 

" This was given by the Lady Pargiter to Garsdon Church, shee was formally Wife 
to Lawrence Washington, Esq., who both lye buried here." 

It is said that this plate owes its escape from the almost universal spoliation of the time 
of the Commonwealth to the superstition of the peasants of the neighborhood, who believed 
that a Demon, or other "unco"' being was confined in the box which contained it, and 
their fears being, fortunately, greater than their curiosity, it remained untouched and 
forgotten in a garret until the latter part of the last century, when it was restored to its 
former use. 

§ Comparison with the Malmesbury Registers, hereafter cited, will enable us to construct 
this last mutilated inscription with certainty as follows. (Beneath this Pla)ce the Bod(ies) 
of Lawrence (the son) & U(a)me Jone (the) wife of (Geo)r(g)u ( irasA)ington (are buried.) 
The same authority shows us that its period (there is no trace of a date on the slab) must 
be placed between 16 '1 and 162o, probably within a year or two of the former date, thus 
carrying back the connection of the Washingtons with Garsdon to the first decade of the 
17th century. 






1890.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 307 

of St. Fouls of Malmesburie; To daughter Elyn Washington "my presse, 
a fether bede & a flocke bede & payer of fine sheyts & payer canvas shetes, 
a fine diaper metclothe, 2 coffers, 8 platters, 4 sawsers & 3 Candelstickes, 
the beste Chaflfeyn dyshe, a latin Bassen, a Cistren & a Querne, mi beste 
Crocke, 2 Salt Sellers, my beste Couerlet & Bolster" ; To cosin Alls Halle 
2 Pottingers, a sawser & a candelsticke ; WifFe Agnis to be Residuary 
Legatee and Executrix; Supervisee Willia Shellard & Rauffee meale. 

Consistory Court Sarum, Vol. I. fo. 32. 

It seems to the writer highly probable that the above Henry and George 
Washington were the unnamed sons of Lawrence Washington, the Mayor of 
Northampton, younger brothers of Robert of Sulgrave and Lawrence (the 
father of Sir Lawrence of Garsdon) and therefore the uncles of the latter; 
their presence in the neighborhood (Garsdon is on the outskirts of Malmesbury 
and only about two miles distant) having no doubt caused their nephew to 
settle here. An examination of the Feet of Fines in the Public Record ( Mice 
would perhaps give the exact date at which Garsdon was purchased from the 
Moody s, which is said to be 1640, but the Last entry found in the Malmesbury 
Registers shows the Washingtons in full possession of the estate in the first 
month of that year, and it is likely that it was acquired earlier than has been 
supposed. 

The Manor House of Garsdon. the former residence of the Washingtons, Lfl 
not far from the Church on the Malmesbury road. The greater part of the man- 
sion has perished, and what remains is now occupied as a farm house — it is the 
property of the Karl of Suffolk, whose residence, Charlton Lark, is near Malmes- 
bury. The Coat of Arms of the Washingtons which was above the door was 
"appropriated" by a former tenant on lus removal some 36 years since, and is 
now built into a farm house a few miles distant. 

The Rector, Dr. Thomas S. Gray, is most anxious to restore the mural monu- 
ment to its former condition and location, and is likewise planning the erection 
of a " Washington Memorial School " in the parish. It is greatly to be hoped 
that the interest excited by Mr. Waters's brilliant discovery may enable him to 
carry out this long cherished design, and our wealthy and patriotic Americans 
should be among the first to lend a helping hand to the good work. — J. Henry 
Lea of Cedarhurst, Fairhaven, Mass. 



D 

I venture to contribute the following information, which seems to indicate 
that two John Washingtons emigrated to Virginia about the same time, and. as 
is so often the case in genealogies, there might be some danger of confusing 
one with the other. 

In the records of Surry County, Virginia, we find that John Washington 
was betrothed in 1658 to Mary Flood, widow, whom he afterwards married. 
She had previously married a Mr. Blunt, and after Mr. Washington's death she 
married Charles Ford, so she must have been a very attractive woman. By 
Mrs. Flood he had one child, Richard Washington, who sold land in 1678 and 
died in 1725. He married Elizabeth Jordan, who died in 1735. She was the 
daughter of Arthur Jordan, who died in 1698. The children of this marriage were : 
George, Richard, John, William, Thomas (died in 1749), James. Arthur, Elizabeth 
(married Samson and Robert Lanier) , Priscilla, Faith and Mary. The estate 
of Mr. John Washington was about three miles below the present town of Clare- 
mont, on the banks of the James River, and about nine miles above Jamestown. 

We also find in the records that a Thomas Wrenn, who died in 1775, speaks 
of his daughter Rebecca Washington. The gentlemanly Clerk of the Court tells 
me that a Mr. Washington still lives in Isle of Wight County, just over the 
border from Surry, who is no doubt descended from the first John Washington. 

Some of the papers on which I base this communication are as follows : — 

" Be it known unto all men by these presents that whereas a contract of 
matrimony is agreed upon between me John Washington and Mary Flood, 



308 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July, 

widow, and the said Washington from divers good causes and considerations 
me thereunto moving, doe before the celebration and solemnization thereof, 
by these presents engage and oblige myself, my heirs, executors, adminis- 
trators or assigns, to give and deliver, or cause to be given and delivered 
unto Robert Stanton, Clerke, feoffe in trust, one mare filly of one year old, 
to and for the sole use and behoof of Thomas Blunt, son of the said Mary, 
his heirs, executors, administrators and assigns, with male and female 
increase forever, which said mare filly is to be delivered as abovesaid the 
day that the said Thomas Blunt shall attain to ten years of age, in Surry 
County, and further I the said John Washington do hereby oblige myself to 
acknowledge this my real and voluntary act and deed in the next court to 
be holden for the county of Surry, and to have it recorded accordingly in 
the said County records. Witness my hand and seal. Dated the loth day 
of 9ber stile Anglia, anno Domini 1658. John Washington 

Signed, sealed aud delivered in the [sealed with red wax. ] 

presence of us John Flood 

Ben. Sidway Edmund Shipham 

Jno. Allann Thos. Flood." 

Charles Ford had a patent, 19 May, 1638, bounded north by James Kiver, 
southerly by the woods, easterly by land of John Flood, westerly by Sunken 
Marsh. He died intestate, the land escheated to the King and was granted by 
the Governor to Thos. Blunt and Richard Washington, orphans and sons in law 
unto the said Charles Ford. 

Blunt and Washington sold 140 acres to John Gorring on 1 March, 29th year 
of Charles II. (1678). 

Thomas M. Cleemann, 2135 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Mr. Cleemann referred us to A. S. Edwards, Esq., Clerk of Courts, Surry Court 
House, Va., for confirmation of the statements. A proof of the foregoing note 
was sent to Mr. Edwards, who has most kindly read and revised it. He adds 
that " Benjamin Sidway, one of the witnesses, seems to have married the widow 
of Benjamin Harrison, the first of that name in Virginia. January 16, 1652, 
Benj. Sidway, by order of the Court, conveyed certain land belonging to Peeter 
Harrison, orphan of Benjamin Harrison. Then Benj. Sidway and Mary his 
wife convey certain lands in their own right; and in 1687-8 Mary Sidway by 
will disposes of certain property to her two sons Benjamin Harrison and Thomas 
Sidway. Thomas Flood was guardian of Benjamin Harrison, who died in 1712." 
Mr. Edwards also adds that Mary Sidway in her will also devised a horse to her 
granddaughter Hannah Harrison. Benjamin Harrison, the Speaker, &c, who 
died in 1712, by his will devised £400 to his daughter Hannah, which helps to 
identify those persons. 

We have already {ante, p. 199) quoted Meade on the origin of the Harrisons. 
The first Benjamin (Speaker, &c.) was born in 1650. Mr. Edwards seems to 
make it certain that his father was a Benjamin also. — Wm. H. Whitmore. 



E 

In preparing the Institutions of the Archdeaconry of Bedford for the press, I 
came across the following re Washington, which may be of interest. 

1642, Aug. 12, Wm. Pargiter, elk., inst. to Rectory of Carlton, Patrons, 
Sr. John Washington, Knt., and Robert Pargiter, pro hac vice. 

According to the pedigree in Mr. Waters's pamphlet, Sr. John Washington 
m. for his 2nd wife Dorothy, d. of Wm. Pargiter of Gretworth. 

What became of this Wm. Pargiter I have not yet ascertained, as the next 
institution in point of time is wanting. — F. A. Blaydes of Bedford, England. 



1890.] Corner-Stone of State House Extension. 309 



CONTENTS OF THE BOX PLACED IN THE CORNER- 
STONE OF THE MASSACHUSETTS STATE 
HOUSE EXTENSION. 

BY an act passed by the General Court of Massachusetts at the ses- 
sion of 1888, and signed by the Governor, the Hon. Oliver Ames, 
May 17th of that year, the Governor and Council were authorized to 
acquire by gift or purchase certain lands for the extension of the 
State House, lying north of the State House grounds, including the 
old reservoir lot belonging to the city of Boston. The next year an 
act was passed, which was signed by Gov. Ames June 4, 1889, pro- 
viding for the erection of the building, and authorizing the Governor 
with the consent of the Executive Council to appoint three commis- 
sioners to have charge of the work. On the fifth of June, 1889, the 
Hon. John Davis Long, Benjamin Dodge Whitcomb, Esquire, and 
William Endicott, Junior, Esquire, were appointed commissioners. 
The Commissioners decided to ask the co-operation of the New- 
England Historic Genealogical Society in selecting the materials to 
be deposited under the corner-stone, and addressed the following 
note to the President of the Society : 

Boston, October 1G, 1880. 
Abner C. Goodell, Jr., Esq., 

President of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 
Dear Sir: 

I am instructed by the Board of State House Construction Commission- 
ers to invite the co-operation of the New-England Historic Genealogical 
Society in the preparation of material to be deposited under the corner- 
stone of the proposed extension of the State House in Boston. 

The Commissioners will be happy to receive from your Society any 
documents, and especially anything relating to the past history of this City 
and State, that may seem to you likely to be of interest to the remote 
generation, which alone, in all human probability, will have the opportunity 
to examine it. 

The size of the box will be about 24 inches long, 12 inches wide, and 6 
inches deep. 

Any contribution that the Commissioners may be unable or unwilling to 
use will be carefully returned ; and all articles should be received at the 
office of the Board, No. 27 Mt. Vernon Street, not later than November 
10th, proximo. 

Commending this matter to the attention of your Society, 

I remain 

Yours, very truly, 

Wm. Endicott, Jr., Clerk. 
vol. xliv. 26* 



310 Corner-Stone of State House Extension. [July, 

The following action was taken by the New-England Historic 
Genealogical Society, as appears by the records of the Council : 

At a meeting of the Council held Nov. 4, 1889, the President read a 
letter from the Commissioners on the State House Extension inviting the 
Society to contribute articles for the box to be placed under the corner- 
stone of said extension. On motion the matter was referred to a com- 
mittee consisting of the President, Mr. Claflin, and the Rev. Dr. Haskins. 

A true copy from the Record. Attest : G. Arthur Hilton, 

Secretary. 

The committee, after attending to their duty, addressed the fol- 
lowing letter to the Commissioners : 

o 

Society's House, 18 Somerset St., 
Boston, Mass., Nov. 7, 1889. 
To the Board of Commissioners of the State House Construction. 
Gentlemen : 

In reply to your communication of the 16th ult., the subscribers, a com- 
mittee of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society, have 
been charged by the Council of said Society to submit to you the following 
list of books, papers, engravings, etc., from which you are invited to select 
whatever you may deem most appropriate to be deposited under the corner- 
stone of the proposed extension of the State House. 

The subscribers wish to designate, as in their opinion particularly appro- 
priate for this purpose, the copy of the Columbian Centinel of July 8, 1795, 
containing a full report of the ceremonies at the laying of the corner-stone 
of the present State House; the copy of Fleet's Register for 1798, contain- 
ing, on page 16, a notice of the near completion of the same building, and 
on page 39 the names of " the Agents for building the new State House," 
whose functions included duties similar to those with which you are charged ; 
the map of Massachusetts engraved in 1799 for the Encyclopaedia published 
in New York the following year (this map was drawn by Anderson, the 
first wood-engraver in the United States) ; a fac simile of the map of Bos- 
ton, by Osgood Carleton, published in 1800; the collection of heliotype 
views of Boston published (and presented for this purpose) by the Helio- 
type Printing Company of Boston ; one heliotype view of the State House 
from the Common, from a water-color of the date of 1809 ; two other views 
of the same, both engraved by Abel Bo wen, — one drawn by S. Dearborn 
in 1817, and the other drawn by J. Kidder in 1827; and, lastly, but in the 
opinion of the subscribers not inferior in interest to either of the others, the 
pamphlet by William W. Wheildon, entitled " Sentry, or Beacon Hill." etc. 
This contains, besides other interesting maps and views of the vicinity of 
Beacon Hill, heliotype views greatly reduced in size from the chromo- 
lithographs, published in 1855, of Beacon Hill and its surroundings as they 
appeared in 1811-12, before the monument thereon was taken down. 

This copy is presented by Mr. Wheildon in a few lines, in his own hand- 
writing, and signed by him, on the half-title sheet preceding the title-page, 
"In Behalf of the Bunker Hill Monument Association." 

In the accompanying copy of the Boston Budget is an article which the 
subscribers think will commend itself to your judgment as worthy to be 
deposited with whatever other papers you may select for the purpose ; and 
if they may be pardoned the suggestion the subscribers respectfully ask 



1890.] Corner- Stone of State House Extension, 311 

you to consider the propriety of depositing a list of all the portraits and 
statuary now in the various halls in the present State House. 

The subscribers beg leave to add that they will cheerfully have put in 
strong and neat binding such of the foregoing books and papers, or any 
others in the list herewith submitted, as you may designate. You will not 
fail to notice that the first few entries in the list are of things of extreme 
rarity, and the subscribers are pleased to be able to offer them to you with- 
out breaking the series in the collection of our Society. 

Appended to Senate Document No. 59, dated Feb. 21, 1853, which is 
included in the list of papers herewith sent, is a MS. copy of the Resolve 
of January 9, 1828, by the General Court of the Commonwealth (chapter 
xxxvi.) in which provision is made for the perpetual and exclusive use by 
the Washington Monument Association of the " Hall of Washington." 
This " Hall," now apparently only an alcove or a recess, was a separate 
building joined to the rear or northern wall of the State House, but now 
wholly enclosed within the present enlarged edifice. 

We are, gentlemen, 

Respectfully, 

Yours, 

Abner Cheney Goodell, Junior, 
William Claflin, 
David Greene IIaskins. 



List. 

Columbian Centinel, July 8, 1795. 
Fleet's Register, 1798. 

Newport Mercury, Oct. 27, 1781 {fac simile), giving account of Cornwallis's 
Surrender. 

Map of Massachusetts, 1799. Map of Boston, 1800. 

" " " 1889. Map of Boston, 1889. 



View of State House, 1805. 

" " " " &c, 1809.— Heliotype. 

" " " " " 1817.— Wood Engraving. 

" " " " " 1827.— Copper Plate. 

" " " " " 1836.— Wood Engraving. 

" " " " (Billings) 1855.— Steel Plate. 

" " " " 1852.— Kossuth Reception. 

" " " " Rep. Hall, 1852. — Wood Engraving. 

" " " " Senate" 1852.— Wood Engraving. 

" " " " North Side, 1866.— The proposed plan, not built. 

Views of State House (three, at different periods after 1855). 
Proposed plan for extension, as shown in Sunday Herald in 1887 and 1889. 
Heading of Gleason's Pictorial, 1853, showing State House prominently. 
Plan of Representatives Hall in 1850. 
Plan of Senate Hall in 1850. 
Wood's Map of New-England, 1634, fac simile. 
Map of New-England, 1889. 
Map of Boston, 1856. 
Old State House Memorial, 1886. 
Map of Boston Harbor, 1880. 
State Street, 1850. 
Hancock House, 1790. 
Boston from Willis Creek, 1790. 



312 Corner-Stone of State House Extension. [July, 

Worcester and Providence Railroad Crossing, 1845. 

Tremont Street from Court Street to Common, 1852. 

Temple Place, 1881. 

Silver Plate under Bunker Hill Monument, 1825, fac simile of inscription. 

Veneer of Old Elm, with engraving printed thereon. 

View of Capitol, Hartford, heliotype. 

View of the Capitol, Washington, heliotype, east view. 

View of the Capitol, Washington, heliotype, west view. 

View of Fiske Building, State Street, erected 1889. 

Portrait of John Hancock, first Governor of the Commonwealth. 

Portrait of Samuel Adams, Governor, 1795. 

Portrait of Paul Revere, Grand Master, 1795. 

Portrait of William Scollay, Deputy Grand Master, 1795. 

Portrait of Charles Bulfinch, architect, 1795. 

Clipping from Boston Advertiser, Aug. 3, 1855, giving an account of the finding 

of the corner-stone. 
Two souvenirs of the 250th anniversary, settlement of Boston, 1880. 
Souvenir of the 200th " " " Worcester, 1884. 

Souvenir of the 250th " " " Taunton, 1889. 

Heliotype Views of Boston, 1889. 
Sentry, or Beacon Hill, 1877. 
Beacon Hill (pamphlet), 1889. 

Report of the Committee on State House enlargement, 1853. 
Sunday Budget, Nov. 3, 1889, containing an account of the present building. 
Plans of the new Court House, 1886. 
Manual of the General Court, 1889. 
Collection of photographs, heliotypes, &c, of the State House, Reservoir, and 

vicinity, taken at various dates since 18G0. 

All of the articles above mentioned were accepted. 

After the above list was printed, the following books, papers and 
other articles were added by the Society to the above collection, and 
were deposited by the Commissioners with the rest : 

Proceedings of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society, 1889. 

Centennial Orations, 1875. 

Thomas's Almanac, 1800 and 1850. 

Boston Directory, 1836. 

Portrait of Winslow Lewis, Grand Master, Grand Lodge F. A. M. 

Plans of the new Court House. 

Portrait of Mayor Hart. 

Portrait of John Phillips, first Mayor of Boston. 

Printed description of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society's House. 

Boston Almanac, 1849, 1854 and 1890. 

Ancestry of George Washington, by Henry F. Waters. 

Boston newspapers of recent date. 

The following action was taken by the Council of the Society : 

At a meeting held Nov. 8, 1889, the President made an informal report 
for the Committee on contributions to the box to be placed under the 
corner-stone of the State House extension. 

On motion of Mr. Hill it was voted that the report he accepted with 
thanks to the Committee, and that they be authorized to incur any neces- 
sary expense for binding, mounting or properly preparing for permanent 
preservation, the articles to be placed in said box. 

At a meeting held Dec. 2, 1889, the President made a report on the 
contribution of articles by this Society to be placed under the corner-stone 
of the State House extension, and read a letter received from the Secretary 
of the Commission on the Extension. 

A true copy from the Record, Attest: G. Arthur Hilton, 

Secretary. 



1890.] Corner- Stone of State House Extension. 313 

The letter from the Secretary of the Commissioners referred to in 
the above record is as follows : 

Boston, November 29, 1889. 

Messrs. Abner C. Goodell, Jr., William Claflin, and David 
Green e IIaskins, 

Committee of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 
Gentlemen: 

I am instructed hy the State House Construction Commissioners to 
acknowledge the receipt of your letter of November 9th, 1889, with the 
valuable collection in [tart described therein. 

I am further directed to express to you the thanks of this Board for this 
contribution, which will add so much to the interest attaching to the open- 
ing of the box, undoubtedly at a date when no present inhabitant of this 
planet will be among the living. 

The articles which you present will be placed under the corner-stone, and 
your communication will be entered upon the records of this Commission, 
and placed in the box. 

I remain, Gentlemen, 

Very respectfully, &c, 

William Endicott, Jr. 

Clerk State House Construction Commission. 

The corner-stone was laid at the corner of Temple and Derne 
streets, at twelve o'clock noon on Wednesday, Dec. 21, 1889. The 
exercises were brief and simple, consisting of a prayer by the Rev. 
Edward Everett Hale, D.D., masonic ceremonies under Most Wor- 
shipful Henry Endicott, assisted by Gov. Ames and the Commis- 
sioners, and an address by the Governor. 

The box in which the articles were placed measures 12 by 24 
inches, and 12 inches deep. A silver plate from Bigelow, Kennard 
& Co.'s, 6 by 12 inches in dimensions, bearing the following inscrip- 
tion, was also placed in the box. 

" This corner-stone of an addition to the State House, was laid by His 
Excellency Oliver Ames, Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
assisted by the Honorable John Davis Long, and by the Most Worshipful 
Henry Endicott, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, on 
the 21st day of December, 1889, being the 269th anniversary of the land- 
ing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth. 

"John Davis Long, Benjamin D. Whitcomb, William Endicott, Jr., 
State House Commissioners. 

George W. Johnson, 

Committee of the Executive Council. 

Charles Brigham, John C. SpofFord, 

Architects. 
Carl Fehmer, 

Consulting Architect." 



314 Notes and Queries. [July